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Transverse abdominis plane block

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623143/efficacy-of-nalbuphine-with-flurbiprofen-on-multimodal-analgesia-with-transverse-abdominis-plane-block-in-elderly-patients-undergoing-open-gastrointestinal-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-double-blinded-trial
#1
Yu Mao, Yuanyuan Cao, Bin Mei, Lijian Chen, Xuesheng Liu, Zhi Zhang, Erwei Gu
Objective: To assess different doses of nalbuphine with flurbiprofen compared to sufentanil with flurbiprofen in multimodal analgesia efficacy for elderly patients undergoing gastrointestinal surgery with a transverse abdominis plane block (TAPB). Methods: 158 elderly patients scheduling for elective open gastrointestinal surgery under general anesthesia and TAPB were randomly assigned to four groups according to different doses of nalbuphine with flurbiprofen in postoperative intravenous analgesia (PCIA)...
2018: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605459/postoperative-analgesic-efficacy-of-ultrasound-guided-ilioinguinal-iliohypogastric-nerve-block-compared-with-medial-transverse-abdominis-plane-block-in-inguinal-hernia-repair-a-prospective-randomised-trial
#2
Nidhi Bhatia, Indu Mohini Sen, Banashree Mandal, Ankita Batra
PURPOSE: Analgesic efficacy of ultrasound-guided transverse abdominis plane block, administered a little more medially, just close to theorigin of the transverse abdominis muscle has not yet been investigated in patients undergoing unilateral inguinal hernia repair. We hypothesised that medial transverse abdominis plane block would provide comparable postoperative analgesia to ilioinguinal-iliohypogastric nerve block in inguinal hernia repair patients. METHODS: This prospective, randomised trial was conducted in 50 ASA I and II male patients ≥ 18 years of age...
March 29, 2018: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559203/transversus-abdominis-plane-block-in-ponies-a-preliminary-anatomical-study
#3
Caroline F Baldo, Daniel Almeida, Erin Wendt-Hornickle, Alonso Guedes
OBJECTIVE: To describe a single-site transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block technique in horses. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, descriptive, experimental anatomical study. ANIMALS: Four adult pony cadavers. METHODS: Freshly euthanized ponies were positioned in dorsal recumbency. A 6-13 MHz linear ultrasonic probe was used to scan the abdominal wall bilaterally midway between the last rib and iliac crest in search of the TAP location...
February 7, 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061282/analgesic-efficacy-of-laparoscopic-guided-transverse-abdominis-plane-block-using-liposomal-bupivacaine-in-bariatric-surgery
#4
Avinash Bhakta, Owen Glotzer, Ashar Ata, Marcel Tafen, Steven C Stain, Paul T Singh
BACKGROUND: Postoperative pain management is a major contributor to recovery and discharge in bariatric surgery. Local anesthetic agents are of particular interest: they're non-sedating and may reduce postoperative pain and hospital length of stay (LOS). DESIGN: Researchers queried the Bariatric Surgery Service Database for patients undergoing laparoscopic weight loss surgery from January 2012-December 2014. Patients were divided between those who did and did not receive liposomal bupivacaine intra-operatively...
September 20, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928576/relative-efficacy-of-ultrasound-guided-ilioinguinal-iliohypogastric-nerve-block-versus-transverse-abdominis-plane-block-for-postoperative-analgesia-following-lower-segment-cesarean-section-a-prospective-randomized-observer-blinded-trial
#5
L Vamsee Kiran, T Sivashanmugam, V R Hemanth Kumar, N Krishnaveni, S Parthasarathy
BACKGROUND: Quality of postoperative analgesia after cesarean section makes difference to mother in child bonding, early ambulation, and discharge. Ilioinguinal iliohypogastric (ILIH) and transverse abdominis plane (TAP) block had been tried to reduce the opioid analgesics, but the relative efficacy is unknown. Hence, this study was designed to compare the efficacy of these two regional analgesic techniques in sparing postoperative rescue analgesic requirement following lower segment cesarean section (LSCS)...
July 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836025/anatomical-topography-of-the-inferior-lumbar-triangle-for-transversus-abdominis-block
#6
Gkionoul Nteli Chatzioglou, Hassan Bagheri, Yelda Pinar, Figen Govsa
BACKGROUND: Rapid development of anesthetic techniques of thoracic paravertebral block required to redefine anatomical landmarks of the inferior lumbar (Petit) triangle (ILT). Anesthesiologists are mainly interested in the ILT to perform the transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block. The aim of this study was to provide comprehensive information of the ILT to improve the success of TAP block. METHODS: Descriptional anatomy of ILTs such as dimensions, space, area, and types was analyzed in 25 preserved adult male cadavers...
August 23, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549524/-quadratus-lumborum-block-are-we-aware-of-its-side-effects-a-report-of-2-cases
#7
Miguel Sá, José Miguel Cardoso, Hugo Reis, Marta Esteves, José Sampaio, Isabel Gouveia, Pilar Carballada, Célia Pinheiro, Duarte Machado
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The quadratus lumborum block was initially described in 2007 and aims at blocking the same nerves as the ones involved on the Transverse Abdominis Plane block, while accomplishing some visceral enervation as well due to closer proximity with the neuroaxis and sympathetic trunk. Given its versatility, we have successfully used it in a wide range of procedures. We report two cases where we believe the dispersion of local anesthetic is likely to have led to a previously undescribed complication...
May 23, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413286/transversus-abdominis-plane-catheters-for-postoperative-pain-relief-in-pediatric-patients
#8
Sumitra G Bakshi, Jeson R Doctor, Bhakti D Trivedi, Sajid S Qureshi
Regional techniques provides excellent post operative pain relief in pediatric patients. Transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block is a newer regional technique available. Though there is emerging evidence proving the efficacy of TAP blocks, there is limited literature on use of TAP catheters in pediatric patients. TAP catheters were placed in two children following laparotomy with transverse incisions and in both epidural was avoided, with good post operative pain relief. Ultrasound guidance was used in one child, while in the other the catheter was placed under direct vision after dissection of the plane between transversus abdominis and internal oblique...
January 2017: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319550/continuous-transversus-abdominis-plane-nerve-blocks-does-varying-local-anesthetic-delivery-method-automatic-repeated-bolus-versus-continuous-basal-infusion-influence-the-extent-of-sensation-to-cold-a-randomized-triple-masked-crossover-study-in-volunteers
#9
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Bahareh Khatibi, Engy T Said, Jacklynn F Sztain, Amanda M Monahan, Rodney A Gabriel, Timothy J Furnish, Johnathan T Tran, Michael C Donohue, Brian M Ilfeld
BACKGROUND: It remains unknown whether continuous or scheduled intermittent bolus local anesthetic administration is preferable for transversus abdominis plane (TAP) catheters. We therefore tested the hypothesis that when using TAP catheters, providing local anesthetic in repeated bolus doses increases the cephalad-caudad cutaneous effects compared with a basal-only infusion. METHODS: Bilateral TAP catheters (posterior approach) were inserted in 24 healthy volunteers followed by ropivacaine 2 mg/mL administration for a total of 6 hours...
April 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298781/analgesic-efficacy-of-transverse-abdominal-plane-block-after-elective-cesarean-delivery-bupivacaine-with-fentanyl-versus-bupivacaine-alone-a-randomized-double-blind-controlled-clinical-trial
#10
Roshan John, R V Ranjan, T R Ramachandran, Sagiev Koshy George
BACKGROUND: The analgesic benefit of transversus abdominis plane (TAP) blocks for cesarean delivery remains controversial. In our study, we compared the analgesic efficacy of TAP block using local anesthetic bupivacaine and adjunct fentanyl with bupivacaine alone in patients undergoing elective cesarean section. METHODS: Our study was a randomized, double-blind, controlled clinical trial where sixty patients undergoing elective cesarean delivery under subarachanoid block (2 ml of 0...
January 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272292/the-erector-spinae-plane-block-provides-visceral-abdominal-analgesia-in-bariatric-surgery-a-report-of-3-cases
#11
Ki Jinn Chin, Laith Malhas, Anahi Perlas
Postoperative pain after bariatric surgery can be significant and yet difficult to manage. These patients frequently have associated obstructive sleep apnea and are at risk of respiratory depression with opioid analgesia. Abdominal wall blocks such as the subcostal transversus abdominis plane block are not of significant benefit, probably in part because they provide only somatic analgesia. The ultrasound-guided erector spinae plane (ESP) block is a recently described regional anesthetic technique for providing thoracic analgesia when performed at the level of the T5 transverse process...
May 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222631/analgesic-effects-of-ultrasound-guided-transverse-abdominis-plane-block-using-different-volumes-and-concentrations-of-local-analgesics-after-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#12
Ayça Sultan Şahin, Necmiye Ay, Nuri Alper Şahbaz, Mehlika Kocabaş Akay, Yavuz Demiraran, Abdurrahim Derbent
Objective To evaluate the effects of an ultrasound-guided transverse abdominis plane (US-TAP) block used for postoperative pain relief by comparing the efficacy of two different volumes/concentrations of the local anaesthetic bupivacaine in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomies. Methods This randomized study enrolled patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomies. They were randomized to two groups: group A received a 20 ml US-TAP block (50 mg bupivacaine +10 ml saline solution) and group B received a 30 ml US-TAP block (50 mg bupivacaine + 20 ml saline solution)...
February 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217069/can-ultrasound-guided-subcostal-transverse-abdominis-plane-block-be-used-as-sole-anesthetic-technique
#13
Pooja Bihani, Pradeep Bhatia, Swati Chhabra, Pradeepika Gangwar
Subcostal transverse abdominis plane (TAP) block anesthetizes area of the abdomen with cutaneous innervation of T6-T10 dermatomes. These abdominal field blocks become very advantageous when cardiac patient presents for noncardiac surgeries as sole anesthetic or as a part of multimodal anesthesia. A 58-year-male came for open surgical repair of subxiphoid incisional hernia developed post coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Echocardiography showed hypokinesia of left ventricle (LV) in the left anterior descending (LAD) artery territory, dilated LV, and ejection fraction of 30%, and coronary angiography after 6 months of CABG showed 70% stenosis of LAD...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118214/pectoral-nerve-and-transverse-abdominis-plane-block-in-a-patient-undergoing-mastectomy-with-transverse-rectus-abdominis-muscle-flap-a-case-report
#14
Sephalie Y Patel, Raymond M Evans, Rosemarie E Garcia Getting, Pilar Suz
Postoperative nausea, vomiting, and pain present considerable concerns after reconstructive breast surgery. We present a case report of a 65-year-old woman with a history of severe postoperative nausea and vomiting, presenting for unilateral mastectomy with transverse rectus abdominis muscle flap. We performed unilateral pectoral nerve block and transverse abdominis plane block, which provided 24 hours of pain control and mitigated nausea and vomiting during the postoperative period.
April 15, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092334/is-enhanced-recovery-the-new-standard-of-care-in-microsurgical-breast-reconstruction
#15
Anoushka Afonso, Sabine Oskar, Kay See Tan, Joseph J Disa, Babak J Mehrara, Jihan Ceyhan, Joseph H Dayan
BACKGROUND: At present, there are limited data available regarding the use and feasibility of enhanced recovery pathways for patients undergoing microsurgical breast reconstruction. The authors sought to assess patient outcomes before and after the introduction of an enhanced recovery pathway that was adopted at a single cancer center. METHODS: A multidisciplinary enhanced recovery pathway was developed for patients undergoing deep inferior epigastric perforator or free transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap breast reconstruction...
May 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007030/ultrasound-anatomy-of-the-transversus-abdominis-plane-region-in-pregnant-women-before-and-after-cesarean-delivery
#16
Nicholas Kiefer, Stefanie Krahe, Ulrich Gembruch, Stefan Weber
BACKGROUND: After cesarean delivery, analgesia is often incomplete and a multimodal approach to analgesia is necessary. Transverse abdominal plane (TAP) block has been advocated in this setting, yet no systematic description of the ultrasound anatomy in pregnant women exists in the literature. Therefore, we aimed to describe the sonographical features of relevant structures in pregnant women before and after elective cesarean. METHODS: Sixty women at, or close to term scheduled for elective cesarean delivery underwent a standardized ultrasound examination before and after delivery...
December 22, 2016: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943522/no-benefit-of-ultrasound-guided-transversus-abdominis-plane-blocks-over-wound-infiltration-with-local-anaesthetic-in-elective-laparoscopic-colonic-surgery-results-of-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
A Rashid, K J Gorissen, F Ris, M P Gosselink, J R Shorthouse, A D Smith, J J Pandit, I Lindsey, N A Crabtree
AIM: Advances in laparoscopic techniques combined with enhanced recovery pathways have led to faster recuperation and discharge after colorectal surgery. Peripheral nerve blockade using transversus abdominis plane (TAP) blocks reduce opioid requirements and provide better analgesia for laparoscopic colectomies than do inactive controls. This double-blind randomized study was performed to compare TAP blocks using bupivacaine with standardized wound infiltration with local anaesthetic (LA)...
July 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27442394/effect-of-adding-dexamethasone-as-a-ropivacaine-adjuvant-in-ultrasound-guided-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-for-inguinal-hernia-repair
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Andrijan Kartalov, Nikola Jankulovski, Biljana Kuzmanovska, Milka Zdravkovska, Mirjana Shosholcheva, Tatjana Spirovska, Aleksandra Panovska Petrusheva, Marija Tolevska, Marija Srceva, Vesna Durnev, Gjorgji Jota, Redzep Selmani, Atanas Sivevski
BACKGROUND: The transverses abdominals plane block (TAP) is a regional anesthesia technique that provided analgesia to the parietal peritoneum, skin and muscles of the anterior abdominal wall. The aim of this randomized double-blind study was to evaluate postoperative analgesia on patients undergoing open inguinal hernia repair under general anesthesia (GA), (GA + TAP) block preformed with ropivacaine and (GA + TAP-D) block preformed with ropivacaine and 4 mg dexamethasone. METHODS: 90 (ASA I-II) adult patients for unilateral open inguinal hernia repair were included in this study...
2015: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27247931/unilateral-ultrasound-guided-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-after-nephrectomy-postoperative-pain-and-use-of-opioids
#19
Nessn H Azawi, Karina Sif Sondergaard Mosholt, Mikkel Fode
BACKGROUND: Pain has a wide spectrum of effects on the body and inadequately controlled postoperative pain may have harmful physiologic and psychological consequences and increase morbidity. In addition, opioid anesthetic agents in high doses can blunt endocrine and metabolic responses following surgery and are associated with side effects including dizziness, nausea, vomiting, constipation, and respiratory depression. OBJECTIVES: The current study aimed to investigate if unilateral ultrasound-guided transverse abdominal plane block (TAP-block) could reduce pain and postoperative use of patient requested analgesics following nephrectomy compared to local injection of the same ropivacaine dose in the surgical wound...
March 2016: Nephro-urology Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27127366/peri-incisional-catheters-through-open-surgical-wound-in-converted-nephrectomies-a-novel-modification-of-transverse-abdominis-plane-block
#20
Amit Kumar Mittal, Nitesh Goel, Jitendra Kumar Dubey, Prashant Bansal, Amitabh Singh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Indian Journal of Urology: IJU: Journal of the Urological Society of India
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