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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634646/the-role-of-robotics-in-the-invasive-management-of-bladder-cancer
#1
REVIEW
Pramit Khetrapal, Wei Shen Tan, Benjamin Lamb, Melanie Tan, Hilary Baker, James Thompson, Ashwin Sridhar, John D Kelly, Tim Briggs
Robot-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC) has been adopted widely in many centres, owed largely to the success of robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP). It aims to replicate the oncological outcomes of open radical cystectomy (ORC), while providing a shorter recovery period. Despite this, previous RCTs have failed to show a benefit for RARC over ORC. These trials have compared extracorporeal RARC (eRARC) with ORC, which requires a further incision to mobilise the bowel for urinary reconstruction with an open technique...
August 2017: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626111/-initial-experience-with-robot-assisted-laparoscopic-prostatectomy-for-complicated-cases
#2
Kun Yao, Leye He, Bin Liu, Jin Tang, Yingbo Dai, Zhi Long, Jianye Liu, Yichuan Zhang
To present our initial experience with robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP) for complicated cases.
 Methods: Clinical and pathological data from 4 complicated prostate cancer cases, who underwent RALP from October to November in 2015, were analyzed retrospectively. All the cases were conducted transurethral plasmakinetic enucleation of prostate and hormonal therapy before RALP.
 Results: All surgeries were done successfully. The age, baseline prostatic special antigen, clinical tumor stage, operation time and estimated blood loss were 58-70 years, 6...
May 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551656/assessments-of-neoadjuvant-hormone-therapy-followed-by-robotic-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-for-intermediate-and-high-risk-prostate-cancer
#3
Ju-Chuan Hu, Sheng-Chun Hung, Yen-Chuan Ou
BACKGROUND/AIM: It is still unclear whether neoadjuvant hormone therapy (NHT) followed by radical prostatectomy is the best treatment option for advanced prostate cancer. This study aimed to evaluate the benefits of NHT followed by robotic-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RaLP) in locally advanced prostate cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study included 48 patients that had received NHT prior to RaLP by a single surgeon. The control group was selected using computerized 1:1 ratio matching...
June 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537691/the-influence-of-previous-robotic-experience-in-the-initial-learning-curve-of-laparoscopic-radical-prostatectomy
#4
José Anastácio Dias, Marcos F Dall'oglio, João Roberto Colombo, Rafael F Coelho, William Carlos Nahas
INTRODUCTION: This study analyzed the impact of the experience with Robotic-Assisted Laparoscopic Prostatectomy (RALP) on the initial experience with Laparoscopic Radical Prostatectomy (LRP) by examining perioperative results and early outcomes of 110 patients. LRPs were performed by two ro-botic fellowship trained surgeons with daily practice in RALP. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 110 LRP were performed to treat aleatory selected patients. The patients were divided into 4 groups for prospective analyses...
May 23, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537044/preoperative-statin-use-associated-with-lower-psa-but-similar-prostate-size-and-histopathologic-outcomes-implications-for-active-surveillance
#5
Kristian Stensland, Russell B McBride, Michael Leapman, Adele Hobbs, Seyed Behzad Jazayeri, David B Samadi
PURPOSE: The potential effects of statins on clinical and histopathologic variables, prostate size, or PSA density (PSAD) and resulting influences on active surveillance eligibility have not been adequately explored. This study examines the effect of statins on prostate specimens following prostatectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients that received robotic-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP) (n = 2,632) were dichotomized according to preoperative statin use...
May 23, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477228/intrathecal-morphine-for-postoperative-pain-control-following-robot-assisted-prostatectomy-a-prospective-randomized-trial
#6
Junyeol Bae, Hyun-Chang Kim, Deok Man Hong
PURPOSE: Robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP) is minimally invasive surgery, but also causes moderate to severe pain during the immediate postoperative period. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of intrathecal morphine (ITM) for postoperative pain control in patients undergoing RALP. METHODS: Thirty patients scheduled for RALP were randomly assigned into one of two groups. In the ITM group (n = 15), postoperative pain was managed using 300 µg intrathecal morphine with intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (IV-PCA)...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451644/robot-assisted-laparoscopic-prostatectomy-in-a-prostate-cancer-patient-undergoing-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis
#7
Sohei Kuribayashi, Kentaro Takezawa, Yohei Okuda, Masataka Kawamura, Nozomu Kishimoto, Go Tanigawa, Koichi Tsutahara, Tetsuya Takao, Seiji Yamaguchi
Background: Robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP) has become the gold standard treatment for organ-confined prostate cancer. However, no proper surgical approach or appropriate postsurgical management of RALP has been established for a patient undergoing peritoneal dialysis. Here, we present a case of a peritoneal dialysis patient who underwent RALP and reinstated peritoneal dialysis with no trouble associated with peritoneal dialysis. Case Presentation: The patient was a 61-year-old man with organ-confined prostate cancer...
2017: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426695/a-comparative-study-of-pediatric-open-pyeloplasty-laparoscopy-assisted-extracorporeal-pyeloplasty-and-robot-assisted-laparoscopic-pyeloplasty
#8
Sang Hoon Song, Chanwoo Lee, Jaeyoon Jung, Sung Jin Kim, Sungchan Park, Hyungkeun Park, Kun Suk Kim
PURPOSE: To compare the outcomes of open pyeloplasty (OP), laparoscopy-assisted extracorporeal (LEXP), and robotic-assisted laparoscopic pyeloplasty (RALP) for ureteropelvic junction obstruction in pediatric patients. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the age-matched cohort of 30 children who underwent OP, 30 who underwent LEXP, and 10 who underwent RALP at a single institution, from 1996 to 2014. Pre- and post-operative variables including success rate were compared among surgical groups...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425193/health-related-quality-of-life-outcomes-from-a-contemporary-prostate-cancer-registry-in-a-large-diverse-population
#9
Gary W Chien, Jeff M Slezak, Teresa N Harrison, Howard Jung, Joy S Gelfond, Chengyi Zheng, Edward Wu, Richard Contreras, Ronald K Loo, Steven J Jacobsen
OBJECTIVE: To assess the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of patients with prostate cancer up to 24 months after treatment in a contemporary large diverse population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with newly diagnosed prostate cancer from March 2011 to January 2014 in our healthcare system were included. The Expanded Prostate Cancer Index Composite (EPIC-26) questionnaire was administered before treatment, and at 1, 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months after treatment up to November 2014 for all methods of treatment...
April 19, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403595/factors-affecting-surgical-margin-positivity-in-robotic-assisted-radical-prostatectomy
#10
Mustafa Yuksel, Kaan Karamık, Hakan Anıl, Ekrem Islamoglu, Mutlu Ates, Murat Savas
OBJECTIVES: After radical prostatectomy, surgical margin positivity is an important indicator of biochemical recurrence and progression. In our study we want to compare the surgical margin positivity rates for retropubic radical prostatectomy (RRP) and robotic assisted radical prostatectomy (RALP) and investigate the factors affecting surgical margin positivity in RALP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from 78 RRP and 62 RALP patients operated from 2011 May to 2016 March were retrospectively screened...
March 31, 2017: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376606/positive-surgical-margin-in-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-correlation-with-pathology-findings-and-risk-of-biochemical-recurrence
#11
Jung K Jo, Sung K Hong, Seok-Soo Byun, Homayoun Zargar, Riccardo Autorino, Sang E Lee
BACKGROUND: To analyze the correlation of surgical margin status with other findings on final pathology and risk of biochemical recurrence (BCR) in patients undergoing robot assisted radical prostatectomy (RALP). METHODS: Bundang Prostatectomy Database was reviewed to identify patients who underwent RARP from 2007 to 2011 and had a positive surgical margin (PSM) on final pathology. Pathology findings were reviewed. BCR-free survival was calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method...
March 30, 2017: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365940/every-setback-is-a-setup-for-a-comeback-3d-laparoscopic-radical-prostatectomy-after-robotic-radical-prostatectomy
#12
Iulia Andras, Nicolae Crisan, Maxim Gavrilita, Radu-Tudor Coman, Viktoria Nyberg, Ioan Coman
PURPOSE: To assess whether previous experience in robotic surgery has a role in the transition to 3D laparoscopy and influences the perioperative results and short term oncological and functional outcomes of the first patients that undergo laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP). METHODS: We analyzed 248 patients that underwent robotic radical prostatectomy (RALP) between 2009-2015 and 98 patients that underwent 3D HD LRP from 2015-present in our department. The procedures were performed by the same two surgeons, who crossed from open to robotic surgery, and afterwards to 3D laparoscopy...
January 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293866/hidden-incision-endoscopic-surgery-hides-trocar-placement-for-pediatric-robotic-pyeloplasty-comparison-to-traditional-port-placement
#13
Yaejee H Hong, W Robert DeFoor, Pramod P Reddy, Marion Schulte, Eugene A Minevich, Brian A VanderBrink, Paul H Noh
Robotic assisted laparoscopy pyeloplasty (RALP) has been associated with shorter recovery, less pain and improved cosmesis. To minimize visible scars, the hidden incision endoscopic surgery (HIdES) trocar placement has been previously developed. Our aim was to compare outcomes between the HIdES and traditional port placement (TPP) for pediatric RALP. A retrospective study was performed on patients under 15 years of age who underwent RALP at a single institution between August 2011 and November 2013. Patient demographics, intraoperative details, narcotic administration, and complications were reviewed...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284189/changes-in-intraocular-pressure-and-optic-nerve-sheath-diameter-in-patients-undergoing-robotic-assisted-laparoscopic-prostatectomy-in-steep-45%C3%A2-trendelenburg-position
#14
Sebastian Blecha, Marion Harth, Felix Schlachetzki, Florian Zeman, Christiane Blecha, Pierre Flora, Maximilian Burger, Stefan Denzinger, Bernhard M Graf, Horst Helbig, Michael T Pawlik
BACKGROUND: To evaluate changes in intraocular pressure (IOP) and intracerebral pressure (ICP) reflected by the optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) in patients undergoing robotic-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP) in permanent 45° steep Trendelenburg position (STP). METHODS: Fifty-one patients undergoing RALP under a standardised anaesthesia. IOP was perioperatively measured in awake patients (T0) and IOP and ONSD 20 min after induction of anaesthesia (T1), after insufflation of the abdomen in supine position (T2), after 30 min in STP (T3), when controlling Santorini's plexus in STP (T4) and before awakening while supine (T5)...
March 11, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280688/management-of-anastomosis-leakage-post-ralp-a-simple-trick-for-a-complex-situation
#15
Romain Diamand, Walid Al Hajj Obeid, Anna Accarain, Ksenija Limani, Eric Hawaux, Roland van Velthoven, Alexandre Peltier
A case of 74 years old male patient who underwent RALP with bladder neck reconstruction. Persistent vesicourethral anastomotic leak was seen at cystography. A self-made side fenestrated Foley catheter was used and on the day after, a complete reversal in fluid output between the Foley catheter and the drain was seen.
May 2017: Urology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243479/robotic-assisted-laparoscopic-prostatectomy-after-high-intensity-focused-ultrasound-failure
#16
Leon Telis, Seyed Behzad Jazayeri, David B Samadi
Background. Prostate cancer is the most common cancer diagnosed in men. As new focal therapies become more popular in treatment of prostate cancer, failure cases requiring salvage therapy with either surgical or other techniques are being reported. Objective. To report the options in treatment of prostate cancer after recurrence or failure of the primary treatment modality. Methods. We report a salvage robotic assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALP) for prostate cancer recurrence following high intensity focused ultrasound treatment (HIFU) in the United States...
2017: Case Reports in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222423/introduction-of-an-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-protocol-for-robot-assisted-laparoscopic-radical-prostatectomy
#17
Motohiko Sugi, Tadashi Matsuda, Takashi Yoshida, Hisanori Taniguchi, Takao Mishima, Masaaki Yanishi, Yoshihiro Komai, Kaneki Yasuda, Hidefumi Kinoshita, Kenji Yoshida, Masato Watanabe
INTRODUCTION: No studies have shown whether the enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocol is superior to the conventional protocol after robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALP). We compared intestinal function and perioperative parameters of patients with prostate cancer after the ERAS and conventional protocols to determine the superior protocol for recovery of intestinal function. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 198 consecutive patients who underwent RALP between August 2013 and June 2015 was conducted...
February 17, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184355/spiroplasma-eriocheiris-adhesin-like-protein-alp-interacts-with-epidermal-growth-factor-egf-domain-proteins-to-facilitate-infection
#18
Libo Hou, Yuhan Liu, Qi Gao, Xuechuan Xu, Mingxiao Ning, Jingxiu Bi, Hui Liu, Min Liu, Wei Gu, Wen Wang, Qingguo Meng
Spiroplasma eriocheiris is a novel pathogen found in recent years, causing the tremor disease (TD) of Chinese mitten crab Eriocheir sinensis. Like Spiroplasma mirum, S. eriocheiris infects the newborn mouse (adult mice are not infected) and can cause cataract. Adhesion-related protein is an important protein involved in the interaction between pathogen and host. In this study, the Adhesin-like Protein (ALP) of S. eriocheiris was detected on its outer membrane by using immune electron microscopy, and was found to be involved in the bacterium's infection of mouse embryo fibroblasts (3T6-Swiss albino)...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160111/anatomical-retzius-space-preservation-is-associated-with-lower-incidence-of-postoperative-inguinal-hernia-development-after-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy
#19
K D Chang, A Abdel Raheem, G D R Santok, L H C Kim, T G H Lum, S H Lee, W S Ham, Y D Choi, K H Rha
BACKGROUND: Postoperative inguinal hernia (IH) is a non-negligible sequelae with a wide array of rates after robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALP). Our aim was to evaluate the incidence and risk factors of postoperative IH development in men undergoing RALP. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 839 patients "541 of conventional-RALP (C-RALP), and 298 of Retzius sparing-RALP (RS-RALP)" received treatment of prostate cancer between 2005 and 2016 and met with our inclusion criteria was performed...
February 3, 2017: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128908/comparative-analysis-of-short-term-functional-outcomes-and-quality-of-life-in-a-prospective-series-of-brachytherapy-and-da-vinci-robotic-prostatectomy
#20
Cristina García-Sánchez, Ana A Román Martín, J Manuel Conde-Sánchez, C Belén Congregado-Ruíz, Ignacio Osman-García, Rafael A Medina-López
INTRODUCTION: There is a growing interest in achieving higher survival rates with the lowest morbidity in localized prostate cancer (PC) treatment. Consequently, minimally invasive techniques such as low-dose rate brachytherapy (BT) and robotic-assisted prostatectomy (RALP) have been developed and improved. Comparative analysis of functional outcomes and quality of life in a prospective series of 51BT and 42Da Vinci prostatectomies DV Materials and Methods: Comparative analysis of functional outcomes and quality of life in a prospective series of 93 patients with low-risk localized PC diagnosed in 2011...
March 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
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