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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334659/serum-zinc-levels-in-acute-psychiatric-patients-a-case-series
#1
Peter Joe, Mara Getz, Samantha Redman, Matthew Petrilli, Thorsten Manfred Kranz, Samoon Ahmad, Dolores Malaspina
Zinc dysregulation is linked to neuropsychiatric disorders and a beneficial response to zinc supplementation has been demonstrated for depression. In this case series, we examined serum zinc levels with respect to clinical factors among 20 acutely ill psychiatric cases admitted to a large urban public hospital. The results showed frank clinical zinc insufficiency in a quarter of the subjects. Group-wise analyses showed a significant association between reduced serum zinc and diagnosis of depression, and reduced serum zinc in those with aggressive, assaultive, or violent behaviors...
January 6, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324562/effectiveness-of-interventions-to-prevent-pre-frailty-and-frailty-progression-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#2
João Apóstolo, Richard Cooke, Elzbieta Bobrowicz-Campos, Silvina Santana, Maura Marcucci, Antonio Cano, Miriam Vollenbroek-Hutten, Federico Germini, Barbara D'Avanzo, Holly Gwyther, Carol Holland
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the best available evidence regarding the effectiveness of interventions for preventing frailty progression in older adults. INTRODUCTION: Frailty is an age-related state of decreased physiological reserves characterized by an increased risk of poor clinical outcomes. Evidence supporting the malleability of frailty, its prevention and treatment, has been presented. INCLUSION CRITERIA: The review considered studies on older adults aged 65 and over, explicitly identified as pre-frail or frail, who had been undergoing interventions focusing on the prevention of frailty progression...
January 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321393/-n-3-fatty-acids-and-the-maintenance-of-neuronal-functions
#3
Michio Hashimoto
The functions of n-3 fatty acids are known to be diverse, and they play roles in cardiovascular and neuronal systems and in lipid metabolism. Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), which is the most abundant n-3 fatty acid in the brain, is essential for the maintenance of brain functions throughout the human lifespan. Epidemiological studies have demonstrated that reduced n-3 fatty acid intake is closely associated with the onset of mental and neurological diseases such as brain developmental disorders, depression, and Alzheimer's disease...
2018: Nihon Yakurigaku Zasshi. Folia Pharmacologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321047/effects-of-concentrated-long-chain-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-supplementation-before-radical-prostatectomy-on-prostate-cancer-proliferation-inflammation-and-quality-of-life-study-protocol-for-a-phase-iib-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#4
Marie-Hélène Guertin, Karine Robitaille, Jean-François Pelletier, Thierry Duchesne, Pierre Julien, Josée Savard, Isabelle Bairati, Vincent Fradet
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in north-American men. Few dietary or lifestyle interventions have been tested to prevent prostate cancer progression. Omega-3 fatty acid supplementation represents a promising intervention for prostate cancer patients. The aim of the study is to evaluate the effects of long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCn3), more precisely eicosapentaenoic acid monoacylglyceride (MAG-EPA) supplementation, on prostate cancer proliferation, inflammation mediators and quality of life among men who will undergo radical prostatectomy...
January 10, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310376/perioperative-analgesia-after-intrathecal-fentanyl-and-morphine-or-morphine-alone-for-cesarean-section-a-randomized-controlled-study
#5
Wojciech Weigl, Andrzej Bieryło, Monika Wielgus, Świetlana Krzemień-Wiczyńska, Marcin Kołacz, Michał J Dąbrowski
OBJECTIVES: Intrathecal morphine is used in the postoperative management of pain after caesarean section (CS), but might not be optimal for intraoperative analgesia. We hypothesized that intrathecal fentanyl could supplement intraoperative analgesia when added to a local anesthetic and morphine without affecting management of postoperative pain. METHODS: This prospective, randomized, double-blind, parallel-group study included 60 parturients scheduled for elective CS...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306057/the-effects-of-omega-3-and-vitamin-e-co-supplementation-on-parameters-of-mental-health-and-gene-expression-related-to-insulin-and-inflammation-in-subjects-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#6
Mehri Jamilian, Azadeh Shojaei, Mansooreh Samimi, Faraneh Afshar Ebrahimi, Esmat Aghadavod, Maryam Karamali, Mohsen Taghizadeh, Hamidreza Jamilian, Somayeh Alaeinasab, Sadegh Jafarnejad, Zatollah Asemi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of omega-3 and vitamin E co-supplementation on parameters of mental health and gene expression related to insulin and inflammation in subjects with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). METHODS: Forty PCOS women were allocated into two groups and treated with 1000mg omega-3 fatty acids plus 400 IU vitamin E supplements (n = 20) or placebo (n = 20) per day for 12 weeks. Parameters of mental health were recorded at baseline and after the 12-week intervention...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304215/the-role-of-hardiness-in-the-bullying-mental-health-relationship
#7
I Reknes, A Harris, S Einarsen
Background: Workplace bullying has consistently been found to predict mental health problems among those affected. However, less attention has been given to personal dispositions as possible moderators in this relationship. Aims: To investigate the moderating role of individual hardiness in the relationship between exposure to bullying behaviours and symptoms of anxiety and depression, respectively, assuming that high hardiness, being an individual stress resilience factor, acts as a buffer in these relationships...
January 3, 2018: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289940/prevalence-of-mental-ill-health-traumas-and-postmigration-stress-among-refugees-from-syria-resettled-in-sweden-after-2011-a-population-based-survey
#8
Petter Tinghög, Andreas Malm, Charlotta Arwidson, Erika Sigvardsdotter, Andreas Lundin, Fredrik Saboonchi
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of and associations between anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), low subjective well-being (SWB), potential traumas and postmigration stress among refugees from Syria resettled in Sweden. DESIGN: A cross-sectional and population-based questionnaire study based on a known and complete sample frame. The survey included multiple measures of mental ill health and factors of particular relevance for refugees...
December 29, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288974/jobelyn%C3%A2-attenuates-inflammatory-responses-and-neurobehavioural-deficits-associated-with-complete-freund-adjuvant-induced-arthritis-in-mice
#9
Osarume Omorogbe, Abayomi M Ajayi, Benneth Ben-Azu, Ejiroghene E Oghwere, Adaeze Adebesin, Adegbuyi O Aderibigbe, Olajuwon Okubena, Solomon Umukoro
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects the physical and psychosocial wellbeing of the patients and a major cause of work disability. Current drugs for its treatment only provide palliative effect, as cure for the disease still remains elusive. Jobelyn® (JB), a potent anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory dietary supplement obtained from Sorghum bicolor, has been claimed to relieve arthritic pain. Thus, this study was designed to evaluate its effect on inflammatory and biochemical changes as well as neurobehavioural deficits associated with complete Freund-adjuvant (CFA)-induced arthritis in mice...
December 27, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288827/antidepressant-like-effects-of-water-extract-of-gastrodia-elata-blume-on-neurotrophic-regulation-in-a-chronic-social-defeat-stress-model
#10
Yu-En Lin, Shao-Ting Chou, Shih-Hang Lin, Kuan-Hung Lu, Suraphan Panyod, Yi-Syuan Lai, Chi-Tang Ho, Lee-Yan Sheen
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY RELEVANCE: Gastrodia elata Blume (GE) is a traditional Chinese medicine commonly used to treat dizziness, epilepsy, paralysis and some emotional symptoms in east Asia. We previously showed that the water extract of Gastrodia elata Blume (WGE) possesses anti-depression like effects in a forced swimming test and chronic mild stress model. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to investigate the antidepressant-like effects of WGE and potential mechanisms related to brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) regulation in mice exposed to chronic social defeat stress (CSDS) model...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288117/quality-of-life-in-differentiated-thyroid-cancer
#11
Charlotte McIntyre, Thomas Jacques, Fausto Palazzo, Kate Farnell, Neil Tolley
BACKGROUND: The incidence of thyroid cancer has increased significantly over the last ten years and conversely the mortality has decreased. With 85% of patients with thyroid cancer surviving for ten years or longer it is increasingly important to study the quality of life in these patients and identify which aspects of the patients' health and wellbeing could be improved. METHODS: During the first UK patient-doctor thyroid cancer forum, patient attendees filled in an anonymized questionnaire...
December 26, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281068/effects-of-excess-dl-and-l-methionine-on-growth-performance-of-starter-pekin-ducks
#12
J J Xue, M Xie, J Tang, W Huang, Q Zhang, S S Hou
A dose-response experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of excess DL-methionine (DLM) and L-methionine (LM) on growth response of starter Pekin ducks from 7 to 21 days of age. A total of 462 seven-day-old male Pekin ducklings were allotted to 77 wire-floor pens with 6 birds per pen. There were 11 treatments including a methionine-adequate control diet (containing 0.49% methionine) and control diets supplemented with 5 levels of crystal DLM or LM (0.25, 0.50, 0.75, 1.0, and 1.25%) based on equal product weight...
December 21, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274168/prophylactic-supplement-with-melatonin-successfully-suppresses-the-pathogenesis-of-periodontitis-through-normalizing-rankl-opg-ratio-and-depressing-the-tlr4-myd88-signaling-pathway
#13
Ting-Yi Renn, Yung-Kai Huang, Sheng-Wei Feng, Hsiao-Wei Wang, Wei-Fang Lee, Che-Tong Lin, Thierry Burnouf, Li-You Chen, Pan-Fu Kao, Hung-Ming Chang
Periodontitis (PD) is an inflammatory disease characterized by gingival inflammation and resorption of alveolar bone. Impaired receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa B ligand/osteoprotegerin (RANKL/OPG) signaling caused by enhanced production of pro-inflammatory cytokines plays an essential role in the pathogenesis of PD. Considering melatonin possesses significant anti-inflammatory property, present study aims to determine whether prophylactic treatment with melatonin would effectively normalize RANKL/OPG signaling, depress toll-like receptor 4/myeloid differentiation factor 88 (TLR4/MyD88) mediated pro-inflammatory cytokine activation, and successfully suppress the pathogenesis of PD...
December 23, 2017: Journal of Pineal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248222/dynamics-of-methanogenesis-ruminal-fermentation-and-alfalfa-degradation-during-adaptation-to-monensin-supplementation-in-goats
#14
Z J Li, H Ren, S M Liu, C J Cai, J T Han, F Li, J H Yao
This study aimed to examine the temporal (hourly within a day and daily over the long term) effects of monensin on CH4 emissions, ruminal fermentation, and in situ alfalfa degradation in dairy goats during dietary monensin supplementation by controlling the confounding effects of feed intake and ambient temperature. Six ruminally cannulated dairy goats were used, and they were housed in environmental chambers and fed a restricted amount of ration throughout the experiment. The experiment included a baseline period of 20 d followed by a treatment period of 55 d with 32 mg of monensin/d...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248211/influence-of-ad-libitum-milk-replacer-feeding-and-butyrate-supplementation-on-the-systemic-and-hepatic-insulin-like-growth-factor-i-and-its-binding-proteins-in-holstein-calves
#15
D Frieten, C Gerbert, C Koch, G Dusel, K Eder, A Hoeflich, B Mielenz, H M Hammon
Ad libitum milk feeding and butyrate (B) supplementation have the potential to stimulate postnatal growth and development in calves. The somatotropic axis is the main endocrine regulator of postnatal growth and may be affected by both ad libitum milk replacer (MR) feeding and B supplementation in calves. We hypothesized that ad libitum MR feeding and B supplementation stimulate systemic and hepatic insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I and IGF binding proteins (IGFBP) in preweaning calves. Sixty-four (32 male, 32 female) Holstein calves were examined from birth until wk 11 of life...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247101/therapist-guided-internet-delivered-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-supplemented-with-group-exposure-sessions-for-adolescents-with-social-anxiety-disorder-a-feasibility-trial
#16
Martina Nordh, Sarah Vigerland, Lars-Göran Öst, Brjánn Ljótsson, David Mataix-Cols, Eva Serlachius, Jens Högström
OBJECTIVES: Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is one of the most common psychiatric disorders in youth, with a prevalence of about 3%-4% and increased risk of adverse long-term outcomes, such as depression. Cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) is considered the first-line treatment for youth with SAD, but many adolescents remain untreated due to limited accessibility to CBT. The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of a therapist-guided internet-delivered CBT treatment, supplemented with clinic-based group exposure sessions (BIP SOFT)...
December 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244233/inadequate-brain-glycogen-or-sleep-increases-spreading-depression-susceptibility
#17
Kivilcim Kilic, Hulya Karatas, Buket Donmez-Demir, Emine Eren-Kocak, Yasemin Gursoy-Ozdemir, Alp Can, Jean-Marie Petit, Pierre J Magistretti, Turgay Dalkara
OBJECTIVE: Glycogen in astrocyte endfeet contributes to maintenance of low extracellular glutamate and K+ concentrations around synapses. Sleep deprivation (SD), a common migraine trigger induces transcriptional changes in astrocytes reducing glycogen breakdown. We hypothesize that when glycogen utilization cannot match synaptic energy demand, extracellular K+ can rise to levels that activate neuronal pannexin-1 channels and downstream inflammatory pathway, which might be one of the mechanisms initiating migraine headaches...
December 15, 2017: Annals of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243005/efficacy-and-safety-outcomes-in-vitamin-d-supplement-users-in-the-fingolimod-phase-3-trials
#18
Kira Hongell, Diego G Silva, Shannon Ritter, Daniela Piani Meier, Merja Soilu-Hänninen
BACKGROUND: Low serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D have been associated with worse outcomes in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients treated with interferon-beta. Association of vitamin D nutrition on the outcomes of other MS therapies has been studied less. OBJECTIVE: Whether patients in the phase 3 fingolimod trials using vitamin D supplements have better clinical, MRI and safety outcomes than non-users. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pooled data from phase 3 FREEDOMS trials was analyzed post hoc...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232566/association-of-total-zinc-iron-copper-and-selenium-intakes-with-depression-in-the-us-adults
#19
Zongyao Li, Weijing Wang, Xueling Xin, Xingxing Song, Dongfeng Zhang
BACKGROUND: The aim of present study was to examine the associations of total zinc, iron, copper and selenium intakes from diet and supplements with depression. METHODS: Cross-sectional study used data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2009-2014 in the present study. Logistic regression models and restricted cubic spline models were applied to examine the associations of total zinc, iron, copper and selenium intakes with depression...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230177/effect-of-morinda-citrifolia-noni-enriched-diet-on-hepatic-heat-shock-protein-and-lipid-metabolism-related-genes-in-heat-stressed-broiler-chickens
#20
Joshua Flees, Hossein Rajaei-Sharifabadi, Elizabeth Greene, Lesleigh Beer, Billy M Hargis, Laura Ellestad, Tom Porter, Annie Donoghue, Walter G Bottje, Sami Dridi
Heat stress (HS) has been reported to alter fat deposition in broilers, however the underlying molecular mechanisms are not well-defined. The objectives of the current study were, therefore: (1) to determine the effects of acute (2 h) and chronic (3 weeks) HS on the expression of key molecular signatures involved in hepatic lipogenic and lipolytic programs, and (2) to assess if diet supplementation with dried Noni medicinal plant (0.2% of the diet) modulates these effects. Broilers (480 males, 1 d) were randomly assigned to 12 environmental chambers, subjected to two environmental conditions (heat stress, HS, 35°C vs...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
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