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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540896/postrenal-transplant-malignancy-incidence-risk-factors-and-prognosis
#1
Nabil Abdelfadil Elserwy, Esam Elden Lotfy, Mohamad Ashraf Fouda, Medhat Ibrahim Mahmoud, Ahmed Farouk Donia, Mohamed Elsayed Mashaly, Mohamed Hamed Abbas, Mohamed Megahed Abuelmagd, Rasha Kamal Abouelenein, Mabrouk Ibrahim Ismail, Mohamed Adel Bakr
The newer and potent immunosuppressive agents have successfully reduced the risk of rejection after kidney transplantation, but the development of cardiovascular diseases, infections, and malignancy is major factors limiting their success. Posttransplantation malignancy is the second most common cause of death in renal transplant recipients after cardiovascular disease; it is expected that mortality due to malignancy may become the most common cause of death within the next two decades. This study is designed to evaluate the incidence, risk factors, and types of malignancies occurring after renal transplantation and their impact on patient and graft survival...
May 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539679/the-association-of-pathergy-reaction-and-active-clinical-presentations-of-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease
#2
Shirin Assar, Bahar Sadeghi, Fereydoun Davatchi, Seyyedeh Zahra Ghodsi, Abdolhadi Nadji, Farhad Shahram, Farimah Ashofte, Seyyedeh Roghieh Larimi, Masoud Sadeghi
OBJECTIVES: The pathergy skin test is a hypersensitivity reaction to a prick skin trauma caused by a pin or a needle, which is considered as a specific presentation in Behçet's disease (BD) and the precise mechanism of this test is not well elucidated. This study was designed to evaluate the association of pathergy reaction (PR) with the active clinical manifestations of BD patients, to assess the clinical importance of PR. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cohort study on 1675 BD patients who fulfilled the entry criteria based on the International Criteria for Behçet's Disease (ICBD) from 1975 to 2011...
2017: Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537101/clinical-findings-in-25-patients-with-sinonasal-or-nasopharyngeal-extramedullary-plasmacytoma-in-a-four-decade-single-centre-series
#3
Seija Inkeri Vento, Pauli Vähämurto, Kaija Silventoinen, Marja-Liisa Karjalainen-Lindsberg, Susanna Mannisto, Sirpa Leppä, Antti Aarni Mäkitie
OBJECTIVES: Extramedullary plasmacytoma in the sinonasal tract or nasopharynx is rare. The aim of the study was to review data on symptoms, clinical findings, treatment and follow-up of plasmacytomas in the sinonasal and nasopharyngeal regions in order to delineate the main clinical characteristics and the optimal management. METHOD: Twenty-five patients with sinonasal or nasopharyngeal plasmacytoma, diagnosed and treated at the Helsinki University Hospital during a 39-year period from 1975 to 2013 were retrospectively reviewed...
May 24, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535172/invited-commentary-the-framingham-offspring-study-a-pioneering-investigation-into-familial-aggregation-of-cardiovascular-risk
#4
JoAnn E Manson, Shari S Bassuk
Launched in 1948, the Framingham Heart Study was a seminal prospective cohort study of 5,209 adult residents of Framingham, Massachusetts, that was designed to uncover the determinants and natural history of coronary heart disease. Data from this original cohort established the cardiac threat posed by high blood pressure, high cholesterol, smoking, obesity, physical inactivity, diabetes, and other factors. In the late 1960s, investigators conceived the innovative idea of assembling a second cohort that comprised the adult children of the original study population (and these children's spouses)...
May 23, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527089/pediatric-migraine-with-aura-in-an-italian-case-series
#5
Arens Taga, Marco Russo, Antonio Genovese, Maria Vittoria Paglia, Gian Camillo Manzoni, Paola Torelli
The aim of the present study was to describe the characteristics of migraine with aura (MwA) in a case series of patients with headache onset before 12 years of age. We considered all consecutive patients referred to the Parma Headache Centre between 1975 and 2015 affected by MwA, diagnosed by our team of trained neurologists; the cases were subsequently reviewed applying the ICHD3-beta criteria. We then identified those cases with headache age-of-onset <12 years (i.e., "pediatric" cases), which were compared to all remaining cases...
May 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516752/growth-hormone-treatment-and-adverse-events
#6
Yoshikazu Nishi, Toshiaki Tanaka
We compiled the major adverse events included in the Annual Research Reports of the Foundation for Growth Research published in and after 2000. We conducted a review of approximately 32,000 patients treated with growth hormone (GH) who subsequently developed leukemia and who were registered with the Foundation for Growth Research (from 1975 to December 31 1997). We performed a literature review and found that GH therapy was not associated with leukemia onset in patients with no risk factors for leukemia. We also reported the onset of diabetes mellitus (DM), scoliosis, and respiratory problems in patients with Prader-Willi syndrome who were treated with GH...
March 2017: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews: PER
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516747/the-history-of-growth-hormone-treatment-for-ghd-in-japan
#7
Susumu Yokoya, Toshiaki Tanaka
In Japan, treatment of growth hormone deficiency with pituitary-extracted human growth hormone (phGH) was covered by health insurance for the first time in 1975. However, because of the shortage of phGH, the Foundation for Growth Science (FGS) was founded in 1977 to control the use of the product by its registration system and to collect pituitary glands in Japan. In 1986, recombinant human growth hormone was first approved. Since then, the FGS has been involved in the harmonization of growth hormone measurement, assessment for treatment eligibility according to the diagnostic criteria by the research group of the Ministry of Health and Welfare, and database generation and its utilization...
March 2017: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews: PER
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497365/clinical-utility-of-soluble-interleukin-2-receptor-in-hemophagocytic-syndromes-a-systematic-scoping-review
#8
REVIEW
Molly Lin, Sujin Park, Anna Hayden, Dean Giustini, Martina Trinkaus, Morris Pudek, Andre Mattman, Marion Schneider, Luke Y C Chen
The serum-soluble interleukin-2 receptor (sIL-2r) level is considered an important diagnostic test and disease marker in hemophagocytic syndromes/hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HPS/HLH). However, this cytokine receptor is rarely measured in clinical practice and has been excluded from recent diagnostic/classification criteria such as the HScore and macrophage activation syndrome (MAS) 16. We performed a systematic scoping review of 64 articles (1975-2016) examining the clinical utility of sIL-2r in HPS/HLH...
May 12, 2017: Annals of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495112/inequalities-in-non-communicable-diseases-between-the-major-population-groups-in-israel-achievements-and-challenges
#9
REVIEW
Khitam Muhsen, Manfred S Green, Varda Soskolne, Yehuda Neumark
Israel is a high-income country with an advanced health system and universal health-care insurance. Overall, the health status has improved steadily over recent decades. We examined differences in morbidity, mortality, and risk factors for selected non-communicable diseases (NCDs) between subpopulation groups. Between 1975 and 2014, life expectancy in Israel steadily increased and is currently above the average life expectancy for the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development countries. Nevertheless, life expectancy has remained lower among Israeli Arabs than Israeli Jews, and this gap has recently widened...
May 5, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492904/screening-for-thyroid-cancer-updated-evidence-report-and-systematic-review-for-the-us-preventive-services-task-force
#10
Jennifer S Lin, Erin J Aiello Bowles, Selvi B Williams, Caitlin C Morrison
Importance: The incidence of detected thyroid cancer cases has been increasing in the United States since 1975. The majority of thyroid cancers are differentiated cancers with excellent prognosis and long-term survival. Objective: To systematically review the benefits and harms associated with thyroid cancer screening and treatment of early thyroid cancer in asymptomatic adults to inform the US Preventive Services Task Force. Data Sources: Searches of MEDLINE, PubMed, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials for relevant studies published from January 1966 through January 2016, with active surveillance through December 2016...
May 9, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490305/long-term-risk-of-severe-retinopathy-in-childhood-onset-type-1-diabetes-a-data-linkage-study
#11
Mary White, Matthew A Sabin, Costan G Magnussen, Michele A O'Connell, Peter G Colman, Fergus Cameron
OBJECTIVES: To determine the relationship between glycaemic control trajectory and the long term risk of severe complications in people with type 1 diabetes mellitus, as well as the effects of paediatric and adult HbA1c levels. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS: Data linkage study of data for adults with childhood-onset type 1 diabetes (diagnosed during 1975-2010) who had transitioned from paediatric diabetes care at the Royal Children's Hospital (Melbourne) to adult diabetes care at the Royal Melbourne Hospital during 1992-2013...
May 15, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489604/prevalence-of-primary-cardiac-tumor-malignancies-in-retrospective-studies-over-six-decades-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Shuai He, Yide Cao, Wei Qin, Wen Chen, Li Yin, Hao Chai, Zhonghao Tao, Shaowen Tang, Zhibing Qiu, Xin Chen
The incidence of patients diagnosed with primary malignant cardiac tumors (PMCTs) has increased greatly in the past few decades. Whether this rising prevalence is due to overdiagnosis or an increased malignancy rate of primary cardiac tumors (PCTs) remains unclear. Therefore, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of published retrospective studies to determine whether the malignancy rate has been increasing over time. Published studies containing relevant data between 1956 and 2014 were evaluated...
April 24, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488098/association-between-long-term-smoking-and-leisure-time-physical-inactivity-a-cohort-study-among-finnish-twins-with-a-35-year-follow-up
#13
Maarit Piirtola, Jaakko Kaprio, Karri Silventoinen, Pia Svedberg, Tellervo Korhonen, Annina Ropponen
OBJECTIVES: To investigate longitudinal associations of smoking and a change in smoking status with leisure-time physical inactivity. In addition, to control whether familial confounding (genetics and shared environment) influences the associations. METHODS: Data were based on the population-based Finnish Adult Twin Cohort of 5254 twin individuals born in 1945-1957 (41% men) and who participated in all four surveys over a 35-year follow-up (1975-2011). Logistic and conditional logistic regression models with multiple covariates were used for analyses...
May 9, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487463/male-breast-cancer-as-a-second-primary-cancer-increased-risk-following-lymphoma
#14
Deborah E Farr, Alexandra Thomas, Seema Ahsan Khan, Mary C Schroeder
BACKGROUND: Male breast cancer (MBC) as a second primary cancer (SPC) has a known association with prior MBC. However, its association with non-breast index malignancies, relative to population risk, has not been previously reported. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program (9 catchment area) data, we identified MBCs diagnosed from 1973-2012 as their SPC. Information regarding the index malignancy was also obtained. Standardized incidence ratios (SIR) of MBC as SPC were estimated, along with incidence rates and trends...
May 9, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486495/long-term-inpatient-disease-burden-in-the-adult-life-after-childhood-cancer-in-scandinavia-aliccs-study-a-cohort-study-of-21-297-childhood-cancer-survivors
#15
Sofie de Fine Licht, Kathrine Rugbjerg, Thorgerdur Gudmundsdottir, Trine G Bonnesen, Peter Haubjerg Asdahl, Anna Sällfors Holmqvist, Laura Madanat-Harjuoja, Laufey Tryggvadottir, Finn Wesenberg, Henrik Hasle, Jeanette F Winther, Jørgen H Olsen
BACKGROUND: Survivors of childhood cancer are at increased risk for a wide range of late effects. However, no large population-based studies have included the whole range of somatic diagnoses including subgroup diagnoses and all main types of childhood cancers. Therefore, we aimed to provide the most detailed overview of the long-term risk of hospitalisation in survivors of childhood cancer. METHODS AND FINDINGS: From the national cancer registers of Denmark, Finland, Iceland, and Sweden, we identified 21,297 5-year survivors of childhood cancer diagnosed with cancer before the age of 20 years in the periods 1943-2008 in Denmark, 1971-2008 in Finland, 1955-2008 in Iceland, and 1958-2008 in Sweden...
May 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484001/carbon-dioxide-sources-from-alaska-driven-by-increasing-early-winter-respiration-from-arctic-tundra
#16
Róisín Commane, Jakob Lindaas, Joshua Benmergui, Kristina A Luus, Rachel Y-W Chang, Bruce C Daube, Eugénie S Euskirchen, John M Henderson, Anna Karion, John B Miller, Scot M Miller, Nicholas C Parazoo, James T Randerson, Colm Sweeney, Pieter Tans, Kirk Thoning, Sander Veraverbeke, Charles E Miller, Steven C Wofsy
High-latitude ecosystems have the capacity to release large amounts of carbon dioxide (CO2) to the atmosphere in response to increasing temperatures, representing a potentially significant positive feedback within the climate system. Here, we combine aircraft and tower observations of atmospheric CO2 with remote sensing data and meteorological products to derive temporally and spatially resolved year-round CO2 fluxes across Alaska during 2012-2014. We find that tundra ecosystems were a net source of CO2 to the atmosphere annually, with especially high rates of respiration during early winter (October through December)...
May 8, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483141/life-and-death-of-a-sewage-treatment-plant-recorded-in-a-coral-skeleton-%C3%AE-15-n-record
#17
Nicolas N Duprey, Xingchen T Wang, Philip D Thompson, Jeffrey E Pleadwell, Laurie J Raymundo, Kiho Kim, Daniel M Sigman, David M Baker
We investigated the potential of coral skeleton δ(15)N (CS-δ(15)N) records for tracking anthropogenic-N sources in coral reef ecosystems. We produced a 56yr-long CS-δ(15)N record (1958-2014) from a reef flat in Guam that has been exposed to varying 1) levels of sewage treatment 2) population density, and 3) land use. Increasing population density (from <30 to 300ind·km(-2)) and land use changes in the watershed resulted in a ~1‰ enrichment of the CS-δ(15)N record until a sewage treatment plant (STP) started operation in 1975...
May 5, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482941/disrupted-identities-movement-mind-and-memory-in-parkinson-s-disease
#18
Iracema Leroi
For the many clinicians au fait with the history of the clinical description of Parkinson's disease, they will be aware that the very earliest description of James Parkinson's "Shaking Palsy" in 1817 explicitly excluded the involvement of cognitive and emotional processes as manifestations of the disease. Within a short time following his treatise, it became all too clear to those in the field that Parkinson's disease is more than just a motor disorder, and as was aptly conceptualized by Paul McHugh, Professor of Psychiatry at Johns Hopkins Hospital from 1975 until 2001, Parkinson's disease is closer to being a "triadic disorder," encompassing motor, cognitive, and psychiatric elements (McHugh, 1989)...
June 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482752/childhood-family-structure-and-women-s-adult-overweight-risk-a-longitudinal-study
#19
M Pia Chaparro, Xavier de Luna, Jenny Häggström, Anneli Ivarsson, Urban Lindgren, Karina Nilsson, Ilona Koupil
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate whether women's adult overweight and obesity risk was associated with their childhood family structure, measured as their mothers' marital status history, during the women's first 18 years of life. METHODS: Using linked register data, we analyzed 30,584 primiparous women born in Sweden in 1975 who were between 19-35 years of age when their height and pre-pregnancy weight was recorded. The outcomes were women's overweight/obesity (body mass index (BMI) ≥ 25 kg/m(2)) and obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m(2)) and the predictor was mothers' marital status history, which was summarized using sequence analysis...
May 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482089/inter-episode-sleep-bruxism-intervals-and-myofascial-face-pain
#20
K Muzalev, F Lobbezoo, M N Janal, K G Raphael
Study Objectives: Sleep bruxism (SB) is considered as a possible etiological factor for Temporomandibular Disorder (TMD) pain. However, polysomnographic (PSG) studies, which are current "gold standard" diagnostic approach to SB, failed to prove an association between SB and TMD. A possible explanation could be that PSG studies have considered only limited characteristics of SB activity: the number of SB events per hour and, sometimes, the total duration of SB per night. According to the sports sciences literature, lack of adequate rest-time between muscle activities leads to muscle overloading and pain...
May 6, 2017: Sleep
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