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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337731/arthroplasty-registries-around-the-world-valuable-sources-of-hip-implant-revision-risk-data
#1
REVIEW
Richard E Hughes, Aditi Batra, Brian R Hallstrom
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: National and regional arthroplasty registries have proliferated since the Swedish Knee Arthroplasty Register was started in 1975. Registry reports typically present implant-specific estimates of revision risk and patient- and technique-related factors that can inform clinical decision-making about implants and techniques. However, annual registry reports are long and it is difficult for clinicians to extract comparable revision risk data. Since implants may appear in multiple registry reports, it is even more difficult to gather relevant data for clinical decision-making about implant selection...
March 23, 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333458/declining-trends-of-polychlorinated-naphthalenes-in-seabird-eggs-from-the-canadian-arctic-1975-2014
#2
Birgit M Braune, Derek C G Muir
There are relatively few studies of polychlorinated naphthalenes (PCNs) for biota in polar regions and even fewer reports of temporal trends. We determined concentrations of PCNs in eggs of thick-billed murres (Uria lomvia) collected from the Canadian high Arctic between 1975 and 2014 and calculated their associated toxic equivalents (TEQs). Concentrations of Σ67PCN decreased significantly in the murre eggs between 1975 and 2014 at an average annual rate of -14.9 pg g(-1) wet weight. Although the penta- and tetra-CNs (predominantly CN-52/60 and CN-42) dominated the PCN profile, the hexa-CNs (mainly CN-66/67) accounted for the majority of the Σ67TEQ-PCN, concentrations of which also decreased significantly between 1975 to 2014...
March 23, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328293/history-of-knowledge-and-evolution-of-occupational-health-and-regulatory-aspects-of-asbestos-exposure-science-1900-1975
#3
Christy A Barlow, Jennifer Sahmel, Dennis J Paustenbach, John L Henshaw
The understanding by industrial hygienists of the hazards of asbestos and appropriate ways to characterize and control exposure has evolved over the years. Here, a detailed analysis of the evolution of industrial hygiene practices regarding asbestos and its health risks, from the early 1900s until the advent of the national occupational health and safety regulatory structure currently in place in the US (early-to-mid 1970s) is presented. While industrial hygienists recognized in the early 1900s that chronic and high-level exposures to airborne concentrations of asbestos could pose a serious health hazard, it was not until the mid-1950s that the carcinogenic nature of asbestos began to be characterized and widespread concern followed...
March 22, 2017: Critical Reviews in Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326749/a-case-of-autoimmune-polyendocrine-syndrome-type-i-with-strong-positive-gad-antibody-titer-followed-up-with-glucose-tolerance-measured-by-oral-glucose-tolerance-test
#4
(no author information available yet)
A 26-year-old Japanese woman presented with adrenal insufficiency, and treatment was started with cortisone and fludrocortisone in 1975. A few years later, she presented with hypoparathyroidism and was diagnosed with autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type I (APS I), and treatment with calcium and alfacalcidol was started. She was found to have subacute thyroiditis and relative adrenal failure in 2006. Her condition remained stable under treatment with cortisone, fludrocortisone, levothyroxine, calcium lactate, precipitated calcium carbonate and alfacalcidol...
January 22, 2017: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317911/chimeric-viruses-between-rocio-and-west-nile-the-role-for-rocio-prm-e-proteins-in-virulence-and-inhibition-of-interferon-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-signaling
#5
Alberto A Amarilla, Yin X Setoh, Parthiban Periasamy, Nias Y Peng, Gabor Pali, Luiz T Figueiredo, Alexander A Khromykh, Victor H Aquino
Mosquito-transmitted flavivirus Rocio (ROCV) was responsible for an outbreak of encephalitis in the Ribeira Valley, located in the south coast of Sao Paulo State, Brazil, in 1975-1976. ROCV also causes fatal encephalitis in adult mice. Seroprevalence studies in humans, horses and water buffaloes in different regions of Brazil have suggested that ROCV is still circulating in the country, indicating the risk of re-emergence of this virus. West Nile virus (WNV) is also a mosquito-transmitted encephalitic flavivirus, however, WNV strains circulating in Australia have not been associated with outbreaks of disease in humans and exhibit low virulence in adult mice...
March 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317282/cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-risk-of-site-specific-cancers-a%C3%A2-long-term-prospective-cohort-study
#6
Trude E Robsahm, Ragnhild S Falk, Trond Heir, Leiv Sandvik, Linda Vos, Jan Erikssen, Steinar Tretli
Based on self-reported physical activity, there is epidemiologic evidence for a beneficial relation between physical activity and colon cancer in men, but findings for other cancers are inconclusive. Measured cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) can provide knowledge about the cancer-preventive value of physical activity. We aimed to assess relationships between CRF and risk of site-specific cancers. A cohort of 1997 healthy Norwegian men, aged 40-59 years at inclusion in 1972-1975, was followed for cancer throughout 2012 using data from the Cancer Registry of Norway...
March 20, 2017: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316808/crystal-structure-of-the-monoclinic-phase-phase-iv-of-bis-tetra-methyl-ammonium-tetra-chlorido-cuprate-ii
#7
Gorgui Awa Seck, Libasse Diop, Allen G Oliver
The crystal structure of the low-temperature monoclinic phase of the title compound, [(CH3)4N]2[CuCl4], was determined at 120 K. The structure of the room-temperature phase has been determined in the ortho-rhom-bic space group Pmcm [Morosin & Lingafelter (1961 ▸). J. Phys. Chem. 50-51; Clay et al. (1975 ▸). Acta Cryst. B31 289-290]. The asymmetric unit consists of one discrete tetra-chlorido-cuprate anion with a distorted tetra-hedral geometry and two tetra-methyl-ammonium cations. In the crystal, the cations and the anions are linked via weak C-H⋯Cl hydrogen bonds...
March 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303391/transcriptional-sequencing-and-analysis-of-major-genes-involved-in-the-adventitious-root-formation-of-mango-cotyledon-segments
#8
Yun-He Li, Hong-Na Zhang, Qing-Song Wu, Gloria K Muday
A total of 74,745 unigenes were generated and 1975 DEGs were identified. Candidate genes that may be involved in the adventitious root formation of mango cotyledon segment were revealed. Adventitious root formation is a crucial step in plant vegetative propagation, but the molecular mechanism of adventitious root formation remains unclear. Adventitious roots formed only at the proximal cut surface (PCS) of mango cotyledon segments, whereas no roots were formed on the opposite, distal cut surface (DCS). To identify the transcript abundance changes linked to adventitious root development, RNA was isolated from PCS and DCS at 0, 4 and 7 days after culture, respectively...
March 16, 2017: Planta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301452/quickstats-age-adjusted-rate-for-suicide-%C3%A2-by-sex-national-vital-statistics-system-united-states-1975-2015
#9
(no author information available yet)
There was an overall decline of 24% in the age-adjusted suicide rate from 1977 (13.7 per 100,000) to 2000 (10.4). The rate increased in most years from 2000 to 2015. The 2015  suicide rate (13.3) was 28% higher than in 2000. The rates for males and females  followed the overall pattern; however, the rate for males was approximately 3-5 times higher than the rate for females throughout the study period.
March 17, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299887/fibroepithelial-lesions-in-the-breast-of-adolescent-females-a-clinicopathological-study-of-54-cases
#10
Dara S Ross, Dilip D Giri, Muzaffar M Akram, Jeffrey P Catalano, Cristina Olcese, Kimberly J Van Zee, Edi Brogi
Fibroepithelial lesions (FELs) are the most frequent breast tumors in adolescent females. The pubertal hormonal surge could impact the growth and microscopic appearance of FELs in this age group. In this study, we evaluate the morphology and clinical behavior of FELs in adolescents. We searched the 1992-2012 pathology data base for FELs in females 18 years old or younger (F ≤18 years). Seven FELs from 1975 to 1983 were also included. Three pathologists reviewed all available material. Patient (pt) characteristics and follow-up information were obtained from electronic medical records...
March 2017: Breast Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298711/robert-collis-1900-1975-early-champion-of-paediatrics
#11
Caoimhghin S Breathnach, John B Moynihan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Ulster Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295436/a-systematic-review-of-gay-lesbian-and-bisexual-research-samples-in-couple-and-family-therapy-journals
#12
Erica E Hartwell, Julianne M Serovich, Sandra J Reed, Danielle Boisvert, Teresa Falbo
The purpose of this study is to review samples from research on gay, lesbian, and bisexual (GLB) issues and to evaluate the suitability of this body of research to support affirmative and evidence-based practice with GLB clients. The authors systematically reviewed the sampling methodology and sample composition of GLB-related research. All original, quantitative articles focusing on GLB issues published in couple and family therapy (CFT)-related journals since 1975 were coded (n = 153). Results suggest that within the GLB literature base there is some evidence of heterocentrism as well as neglect of issues of class, race, and gender...
March 11, 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294703/the-morphosyntactic-structure-of-compound-words-influences-parafoveal-processing-in-chinese-reading
#13
Denis Drieghe, Lei Cui, Guoli Yan, Xuejun Bai, Hui Chi, Simon P Liversedge
In an eye movement experiment employing the boundary paradigm (Rayner, 1975) we compared parafoveal preview benefit during the reading of Chinese sentences. The target word was a 2-character compound that had either a noun-noun or an adjective-noun structure each sharing an identical noun as the second character. The boundary was located between the two characters of the compound word. Prior to the eyes crossing the boundary the preview of the second character was presented either normally or was replaced by a pseudo-character...
March 15, 2017: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293830/hypertension-from-basic-research-to-clinical-practice
#14
Md Shahidul Islam
Hypertension increases the risks of end-organ injury, maternal/fetal vulnerability, and total mortality. Throughout the world, it kills about 7.5 million people every year. During 1975-2015, the number of adults with hypertension increased from 594 million to more than 1.1 billion, mostly due to the increase in the low-income and middle-income countries (NCD Risk Factor Collaboration 2016, Lancet 15 Nov, 2016).
March 15, 2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293678/accepted-standards-on-how-to-give-a-medical-research-presentation-a-systematic-review-of-expert-opinion-papers
#15
Christine Blome, Hanno Sondermann, Matthias Augustin
Background: This systematic review aimed to extract recommendations from expert opinion articles on how to give a medical research presentation on a scientific conference and to determine whether the experts agree on what makes an effective or poor presentation. Methods: Presentation-related terms were searched within article titles listed in PubMed, restricting the search to English-language articles published from January 1975 to July 2015. Recommendations were extracted from the articles, grouped by content, and analyzed for frequency...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288668/survival-analysis-to-measure-turnover-of-the-medical-education-workforce-in-ethiopia
#16
Tsion Assefa, Damen Haile Mariam, Wubegzier Mekonnen, Miliard Derbew
BACKGROUND: Until recently, there were only a few medical schools in Ethiopia. However, currently, in response to the apparent shortage in physician workforce, the country has made huge progress with respect to the expansion of medical schools, by adopting the so-called flooding strategy. Nevertheless, the effectiveness of the intended strategy also relies on physician accessibility and turnover. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the distribution of physicians in the medical schools of Ethiopia and to quantify the magnitude and identify factors associated with physician turnover...
March 14, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287051/body-size-and-physical-exercise-and-the-risk-of-multiple-sclerosis
#17
Marianna Cortese, Trond Riise, Kjetil Bjørnevik, Kjell-Morten Myhr
BACKGROUND: Whether large body size increases multiple sclerosis (MS) risk in men is not well understood. Concurrently, physical exercise could be an independent protective factor. OBJECTIVE: To prospectively investigate the association between body mass index (BMI) and aerobic fitness, indicators of body size and exercise, and MS risk in men. METHODS: We performed a population-based nested case-control study within the historical cohort of all Norwegian men, born in 1950-1975, undergoing mandatory conscription at the age of 19 years...
March 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285517/impacts-of-land-use-changes-on-the-lakes-across-the-yangtze-floodplain-in-china
#18
Cong Xie, Xin Huang, Hongqiang Mu, Wei Yin
The middle and lower Yangtze (MLY) floodplain has one of the most densely distributed lake clusters in China but suffered from long-term lake reclamation and wetland degradation due to intensive cultivation, fish rearing, and urban expansion over the past several decades. As a land-use alternation to support human life, the conversion of lakes to cropland, aquaculture ponds, and human settlements provides essential ecosystem goods at the expense of the deterioration of wetland environment. To quantify the driving factors of lake changes, we investigated the land-use transitions from lakes (≥1 km(2)) between 1975 and 2015 using Landsat remote sensing data...
March 22, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284941/scientific-production-on-indoor-air-quality-of-environments-used-for-physical-exercise-and-sports-practice-bibliometric-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Alexandro Andrade, Fábio Hech Dominski, Danilo Reis Coimbra
INTRODUCTION: In order to minimize adverse health effects and increase the benefits of physical activity, it is important to systematize indoor air quality study in environments used for physical exercise and sports. OBJECTIVES: To investigate and analyze the scientific production related to indoor air quality of environments used for physical exercise and sports practice through a bibliometric analysis. METHODS: The databases Scielo, Science Direct, Scopus, Lilacs, Medline via Pubmed, and SportDiscus were searched from their inception to March 2016...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283297/a-new-approach-for-the-estimation-of-phytoplankton-cell-counts-associated-with-algal-blooms
#20
Majid Nazeer, Man Sing Wong, Janet Elizabeth Nichol
This study proposes a method for estimating phytoplankton cell counts associated with an algal bloom, using satellite images coincident with in situ and meteorological parameters. Satellite images from Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM), Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+), Operational Land Imager (OLI) and HJ-1 A/B Charge Couple Device (CCD) sensors were integrated with the meteorological observations to provide an estimate of phytoplankton cell counts. All images were atmospherically corrected using the Second Simulation of the Satellite Signal in the Solar Spectrum (6S) atmospheric correction method with a possible error of 1...
March 7, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
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