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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218712/epidemiology-of-classic-and-novel-human-astrovirus-gastroenteritis-and-beyond
#1
REVIEW
Diem-Lan Vu, Albert Bosch, Rosa M Pintó, Susana Guix
Since they were identified in 1975, human astroviruses have been considered one of the most important agents of viral acute gastroenteritis in children. However, highly divergent astroviruses infecting humans have been recently discovered and associated with extra-intestinal infections. The report of cases of fatal meningitis and encephalitis, especially in immunocompromised individuals, has broadened their disease spectrum. Although zoonotic transmission among animal and human astroviruses has not been clearly recognized, the genetic similarity between some human and animal viruses makes it likely to occur...
February 18, 2017: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214947/the-redistribution-of-non-breeding-dunlins-in-response-to-the-post-ddt-recovery-of-falcons
#2
Ronald C Ydenberg, Jennifer Barrett, David B Lank, Cailin Xu, Michiel Faber
Large-scale changes in predator populations are occurring worldwide due to (re-)introductions, over-exploitation, or recovery after decimation by pesticides and persecution. These widespread changes may affect the distribution of their prey. We studied the continental-scale distributions of non-breeding Calidris alpina pacifica and C. a. hudsonia (Pacific and Atlantic dunlins, respectively), as numbers of their major predators-peregrines (Falco peregrinus) and merlins (F. columbarius; together 'falcons')-increased after DDT was banned in 1973...
February 18, 2017: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214909/-obesity-and-diabetes-a-global-problem-what-does-recent-data-tell-us
#3
Simona Giampaoli, Serena Vannucchi
The authors discuss the latest data regarding obesity and diabetes worldwide and in Italy. Two very important articles were recently published by the Non Communicable Disease Risk Factor Collaboration which employs hundreds of researchers around the world. The two articles respectively describe trends in Body Mass Index and diabetes, in different countries in the past 40 years, and show that there has been a startling increase in the number of obese people and people suffering from diabetes worldwide. The number of obese people (BMI>=30 Kg/m2) has risen globally from 105 million in 1975 to 641 million in 2014...
November 2016: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214788/authorship-criteria-and-reporting-of-ethical-compliance-in-indian-biomedical-journals
#4
Pravin Bolshete
The "instructions to authors" of a total of 55 PubMed/MEDLINE indexed Indian biomedical journals were evaluated to assess the authorship criteria and guidance on reporting of research ethics including incorporation of recent updates. Thirty-seven (67.3%) journals recommended the ICMJE guidelines for manuscript preparation. Thirty-two of 55 (58.2%) journals defined authorship; only two journals defined authorship as per the latest (2013) ICMJE criteria. The journals' recommendations which indicated ethical compliance in articles were - the conduct of a study in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki(n=39); ethical approval (n=37); consent (n=26); assent (n=10); and consent for identifiable information (n=31)...
February 1, 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212955/health-state-preference-weights-for-the-glasgow-outcome-scale-following-traumatic-brain-injury-a-systematic-review-and-mapping-study
#5
Gordon Ward Fuller, Monica Hernandez, David Pallot, Fiona Lecky, Mathew Stevenson, Belinda Gabbe
BACKGROUND: Valid and relevant estimates of health state preference weights (HSPWs) for Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS) categories are a key input of economic models evaluating treatments for traumatic brain injury (TBI). OBJECTIVES: To characterize existing HSPW estimates, and model the EuroQol five-dimensional questionnaire (EQ-5D) from the GOS, to inform parameterization of future economic models. METHODS: A systematic review of HSPWs for GOS categories following TBI was conducted using a highly sensitive search strategy implemented in an extensive range of information sources between 1975 and 2016...
January 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212420/transcriptome-using-illumina-sequencing-reveals-the-traits-of-spermatogenesis-and-developing-testes-in-eriocheir-sinensis
#6
Gen-Liang Li, Hui Qian
Chinese mitten crab (Eriocheir sinensis) has the spermatozoa with typical aflagellate, decondensed chromatin, cup-shaped nuclei, and radial arms. However, the mechanism of spermatogenesis during which the specific spermatozoa are generated in this species is yet unclear. Here, the transcriptome of developing testis in E. sinensis was analyzed using the ways of RNA-seq and bioinformatics analysis to identify candidate genes potentially involved in development of testis and spermatogenesis. The Illumina HiSeq2500 sequencing of three replicons of samples produced a total of 145...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203343/maintenance-therapy-in-multiple-myeloma
#7
REVIEW
Prerna Mewawalla, Abhishek Chilkulwar
Despite recent advances, multiple myeloma remains an incurable disease. Induction therapy followed by autologous transplantation has become the standard of care. The idea of maintenance therapy in multiple myeloma is not new. Starting with chemotherapy in 1975, to interferon in 1998, to novel agents recently, a multitude of agents have been explored in patients with multiple myeloma. In spite of the novel agents, multiple myeloma continues to be an incurable disease with the progression-free survival after autologous transplant rarely exceeding 3 years...
February 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202136/foreign-aid-allocation-from-a-network-perspective-the-effect-of-global-ties
#8
Liam Swiss
This article examines competing explanations for foreign aid allocation on the global level and argues for a new approach to understanding aid from an institutionalist perspective. Using network data on all official bilateral aid relationships between countries in the period from 1975 through 2006 and data on recipient country ties to world society, the article offers an alternative explanation for the allocation of global foreign aid. Fixed effects negative binomial regression models on a panel sample of 117 developing countries reveal that global ties to world society in the form of non-governmental memberships and treaty ratifications are strong determinants of the network centrality of recipient countries in the global foreign aid network...
March 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192235/high-hcv-subtype-heterogeneity-in-a-chronically-infected-general-population-revealed-by-high-resolution-hcv-subtyping
#9
Francisco Rodriguez-Frias, Leonardo Nieto, Josep Gregori, Damir Garcia-Cehic, Rosario Casillas, David Tabernero, Maria Homs, Maria Blasi, Marta Vila, Qian Chen, Victor Vargas, Lluís Castells, Lluís Viladomiu, Joan Genesca, Beatriz Minguez, Salvador Augustin, Judit Carbonell, Celia Perales, Maria Eugenia Soria, Miriam Asensio, Meritxell Llorens, Laura Ordeig, Cristina Godoy, Maria Buti, Rafael Esteban, Tomas Pumarola, Juan Ignacio Esteban, Josep Quer
OBJECTIVES: Accurately characterize the chronically-infected general HCV population in the Barcelona area by a highly sensitive subtyping method able to identify the 67 recognized hepatitis C virus (HCV) subtypes, and to discriminate mixed infections in a single individual. This information has strong implications on patient management, in deciding the optimal combination of direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) for each patient. METHODS: HCV subtyping by UDPS. All HCV patients who attended Vall d'Hebron Hospital outpatient clinics from February 2015 to May 2016 (N=1473) were included...
February 10, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187636/a-new-species-and-new-synonym-of-subgenus-i-chlaeniellus-i-reitter-1908-coleoptera-carabidae-with-re-establishment-of-i-chlaenius-i-i-chlaeniellus-i-i-rapyllii-i-morvan-1975-as-a-valid-species
#10
Saeed Azadbakhsh
A new species of the subgenus Chlaeniellus Reitter, 1908 (Coleoptera: Carabidae), namely Chlaenius (Chlaeniellus) kirschenhoferi sp. n., is described and illustrated from northeast Pakistan. Chlaenius (Chlaeniellus) rapyllii Morvan (1975), is confirmed as a valid species and it is proposed that Chlaenius (Lithochlaenius) asara Kirschenhofer, 2014 is a synonym of Chlaenius (Chlaeniellus) flavipes Menetries, 1832.
January 25, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187631/rediscovery-and-redescription-of-the-abyssal-squat-lobster-i-munidopsis%C3%A2-petalorhyncha-i-baba-2005-crustacea-decapoda-munidopsidae-from-the-northwest-pacific
#11
Tomoyuki Komai, Ivan Marin, Keiichi Kakui
A poorly known abyssal squat lobster, Munidopsis petalorhyncha Baba, 2005 [= Munidopsis subsquamosa latimana Birstein & Zarenkov, 1970], is redescribed on the basis of the holotype from the Kuril Trench at depths of 5060-5130 m and two recently collected specimens from off Japan at depths of 5353-5382 m. Examination of those specimens enabled us to reassess diagnostic characters of the species. Munidopsis petalorhyncha appears closest to M. thieli Türkay, 1975, known from abyssal plain of the eastern Atlantic, but the spinulose lateral margins of the rostrum, the presence of a distinct lateral eye spine, the presence of a distomesial spine on article 3 of the antennal peduncle and spinose ventral (flexor) margins of meri of pereopods 2-4 distinguish M...
January 25, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187625/a-new-species-of-i-mada-i-gordon-from-the-andes-coleoptera-coccinellidae-epilachnini
#12
Karol Szawaryn, Guillermo González
Although Gordon (1975) revised the herbivorous ladybirds of the New World, the taxonomy of this group in the Americas is still poorly studied. Some recent efforts have been made at the generic (Szawaryn 2015b) as well as species level (Szawaryn 2015a; González & Gómez 2013; González 2015) to describe and improve our knowledge of the systematics of Neotropical Epilachnini, but they still need more investigation.
January 26, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183112/new-records-of-eriophyoid-mites-from-iran-acari-trombidiformes-eriophyoidea-and-a-description-of-a-new-i-brevulacus-i-manson-species
#13
Grażyna Soika, Ali Gol, Arash Honarmand, Anna Wozińska, Hussein Sadeghi
Four species of eriophyoid mites are recorded from Iran, of which three represent new records and the other is a new species. These species are: Brevulacus salicinus n. sp. (Diptilomiopidae), found on Salix sp. (Salicaceae); Aceria wallichianae Keifer, 1975 from Ulmus minor (Ulmaceae); Aceria granulata Carmona, 1972 from Verbascum spp. (Scrophulariaceae) and Tegnacus unicornutus Pye, 2012 from Carpinus betulus (Betulaceae). Each of these species are illustrated and provided with data regarding their distribution and host plants...
January 9, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183002/unconjugated-free-bilirubin-in-preterm-infants
#14
Lori W E van der Schoor, Peter H Dijk, Henkjan J Verkade, Anna C J Kamsma, Andrea B Schreuder, Henk Groen, Christian V Hulzebos
BACKGROUND: Hyperbilirubinemia guidelines are based on total serum bilirubin (TSB), in combination with either gestational age (GA) or birth weight (BW), postnatal age and specific risk factors. However, TSB is a poor predictor of bilirubin-induced neurotoxicity (BIND). Free unconjugated bilirubin (UCBfree) and the UCBfree/TSB ratio are more directly related to BIND, but data on their postnatal courses are unknown. AIMS: To characterize the postnatal courses of UCBfree and UCBfree/TSB ratio, and assess their relationships with clinical characteristics...
February 6, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180225/rediscovering-the-octapeptins
#15
REVIEW
Tony Velkov, Kade D Roberts, Jian Li
Covering: 1975 up to the end of 2016The decline in the discovery and development of novel antibiotics has resulted in the emergence of bacteria that are resistant to almost all available antibiotics. Currently, polymyxin B and E (colistin) are being used as the last-line therapy against life-threatening infections, unfortunately resistance to polymyxins in both the community and hospital setting is becoming more common. Octapeptins are structurally related non-ribosomal lipopeptide antibiotics that do not exhibit cross-resistance with polymyxins and have a broader spectrum of activity that includes Gram-positive bacteria...
February 9, 2017: Natural Product Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178985/behaviour-change-techniques-targeting-both-diet-and-physical-activity-in-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Kevin A Cradock, Gearóid ÓLaighin, Francis M Finucane, Heather L Gainforth, Leo R Quinlan, Kathleen A Martin Ginis
BACKGROUND: Changing diet and physical activity behaviour is one of the cornerstones of type 2 diabetes treatment, but changing behaviour is challenging. The objective of this study was to identify behaviour change techniques (BCTs) and intervention features of dietary and physical activity interventions for patients with type 2 diabetes that are associated with changes in HbA1c and body weight. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of papers published between 1975-2015 describing randomised controlled trials (RCTs) that focused exclusively on both diet and physical activity...
February 8, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170434/the-internal-cranial-anatomy-of-romundina-stellina-%C3%A3-rvig-1975-vertebrata-placodermi-acanthothoraci-and-the-origin-of-jawed-vertebrates-anatomical-atlas-of-a-primitive-gnathostome
#17
Vincent Dupret, Sophie Sanchez, Daniel Goujet, Per Erik Ahlberg
Placoderms are considered as the first jawed vertebrates and constitute a paraphyletic group in the stem-gnathostome grade. The acanthothoracid placoderms are among the phylogenetically most basal and morphologically primitive gnathostomes, but their neurocranial anatomy is poorly understood. Here we present a near-complete three-dimensional skull of Romundina stellina, a small Early Devonian acanthothoracid from the Canadian Arctic Archipelago, scanned with propagation phase contrast microtomography at a 7...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164359/off-label-drug-use-in-oncology-a-systematic-review-of-literature
#18
REVIEW
M M Saiyed, P S Ong, L Chew
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: The off-label use of medicines is widespread in several diseases. This type of prescribing practice is particularly more acute in oncology. However, the suitability of anticancer medications for off-label use remains an issue of controversy, due to uncertainty around the clinical benefits and potential toxicities, limited evidence to support clinical decision-making, increased out-of-pocket costs for patients and ethical concerns around the lack of informed consent...
February 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159121/mode-of-delivery-among-swedish-midwives-and-obstetricians-and-their-attitudes-towards-caesarean-section
#19
Maria Sahlin, Ellika Andolf, Gunnar Edman, Ingela Wiklund
BACKGROUND: A knowledge gap exists around midwives' and obstetricians' mode of delivery in comparison to the general population, and if their personal experience influences their attitudes towards different modes of delivery. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to investigate midwives' and obstetricians' mode of delivery compared to the population at large. The second aim was to see if their mode of delivery had been influenced by the expanded indications for caesarean section as described in medical literature...
March 2017: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157673/lozzio-cb-lozzio-bb-human-chronic-myelogenous-leukemia-cell-line-with-positive-philadelphia-chromosome-blood-1975-45-3-321-334
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 20, 2016: Blood
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