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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036830/our-working-point-of-view-of-tau-protein
#1
Jesús Avila
Tau protein, which was discovered in Prof. Kirschner's laboratory in 1975, has been the focus of my research over the last 40 years. In this issue of the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease commemorating its 20th year of publication, I will provide a short review of some of the features of my relationship with tau.
October 8, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036268/breast-cancer-estrogen-receptor-by-biological-generation-us-black-white-women-born-1915-1979
#2
Nancy Krieger, Jaquelyn L Jahn, Pamela D Waterman, Jarvis T Chen
Evidence suggests contemporary population distributions of breast cancer estrogen receptor (ER) status may be shaped by earlier major societal events, such as the 1965 abolition of Jim Crow (legal racial discrimination in the US) and the Great Famine in China (1959-1961). We accordingly analyzed changes in ER status in relation to Jim Crow birth place among the 46,417 black and 339,830 white US-born non-Hispanic women in the 13 SEER Registry Group who were born between 1915 and 1979 and diagnosed (age 25-84, inclusive) between 1992-2012...
September 20, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032321/acne-in-late-adolescence-is-not-associated-with-a-raised-risk-of-subsequent-malignant-melanoma-among-men
#3
Teresa Mota Garcia, Ayako Hiyoshi, Ruzan Udumyan, Hugo Sjöqvist, Katja Fall, Scott Montgomery
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the association of acne in late adolescence with the risk for subsequent malignant melanoma (MM) in men. METHODS: Swedish register-based cohort study of 242,096 males born between 1952 and 1956, who took part in compulsory assessments for Swedish military conscription in late adolescence between 1969 and 1975, with subsequent diagnoses of MM (n=1,058) up to December 31, 2009. Covariates included measures of childhood circumstances and information from adolescence on presence of acne, physical fitness, cognitive function, body mass index (BMI), and a summary of diagnoses...
October 12, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030676/papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-ptc-in-children-and-adults-comparison-of-initial-presentation-and-long-term-postoperative-outcome-in-4432-patients-consecutively-treated-at-the-mayo-clinic-during-eight-decades-1936-2015
#4
Ian D Hay, Tammi R Johnson, Suneetha Kaggal, Megan S Reinalda, Nicole M Iniguez-Ariza, Clive S Grant, Siobhan T Pittock, Geoffrey B Thompson
BACKGROUND: Contemporary guidelines for managing PTC advise an approach wherein primary tumor and regional metastases (RM) are completely resected at first surgery and radioiodine remnant ablation (RRA) is restricted to high-risk patients, policies our group has long endorsed. To assess our therapeutic efficacy, we studied 190 children and 4242 adults consecutively treated during 1936-2015. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Mean follow-up durations for children and adults were 26...
October 13, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029897/worldwide-trends-in-body-mass-index-underweight-overweight-and-obesity-from-1975-to-2016-a-pooled-analysis-of-2416-population-based-measurement-studies-in-128%C3%A2-9-million-children-adolescents-and-adults
#5
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Underweight, overweight, and obesity in childhood and adolescence are associated with adverse health consequences throughout the life-course. Our aim was to estimate worldwide trends in mean body-mass index (BMI) and a comprehensive set of BMI categories that cover underweight to obesity in children and adolescents, and to compare trends with those of adults. METHODS: We pooled 2416 population-based studies with measurements of height and weight on 128·9 million participants aged 5 years and older, including 31·5 million aged 5-19 years...
October 10, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029723/the-expanding-field-of-mammalian-astroviruses-opportunities-and-challenges-in-clinical-virology
#6
Céline L Boujon, Michel C Koch, Torsten Seuberlich
Astroviruses are best known as being one of the leading causes of diarrhea in infants and were first described in this context in 1975. In its first years, astrovirus research was mainly restricted to electron microscopy and serology studies. The ability to culture some of these viruses in vitro allowed a first consequent step forward, especially at the molecular level. Since the emergence of more powerful genetic methods, though, the face of this research field has dramatically changed and evolved. From the exponential number of discoveries of new astrovirus strains in the most varied of animal species to their association with atypical diseases, these viruses revealed a lot of surprises, and many more are probably still waiting to be uncovered...
2017: Advances in Virus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027481/narrowing-urban-suburban-rural-disparities-in-physical-growth-among-children-in-china-findings-from-the-5th-national-survey-in-2015
#7
Xinnan Zong, Hui Li, Ya-Qin Zhang, Huahong Wu
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported a narrowing tendency in urban-suburban rural differences for height, but almost no tendency of narrowing for weight in Chinese children between 1975-2005. AIM: To examine urban-suburban rural disparities for both height and weight in a recent 10-year period. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A representative sample of 161,643 children under 7 years old was obtained from the 5th national survey conducted in urban and suburban rural areas of the nine cities in China in 2015...
November 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022949/shapu-forty-years-on-mystery-persists
#8
EDITORIAL
Madan P Upadhyay, Bharat R Shrestha
In 1975, our team encountered several cases of severe inflammatory eye disease presenting as a white pupil in a red eye with rapid loss of vision. The eyes became soft within a few days with shallow anterior chamber which we called "Malignant Hypotension" in view of the latter's sinister significance. Unilaterally, little or no pain, predominantly affecting children and difficulty in dilating the pupil and keeping it dilated were some of the other important features. Posterior segment was not visible due to massive exudation in vitreous...
January 2017: Nepalese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020402/women-with-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-have-worse-survival
#9
Jeffrey B Geske, Kevin C Ong, Konstantinos C Siontis, Virginia B Hebl, Michael J Ackerman, David O Hodge, Virginia M Miller, Rick A Nishimura, Jae K Oh, Hartzell V Schaff, Bernard J Gersh, Steve R Ommen
Aims: Sex differences in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) remain unclear. We sought to characterize sex differences in a large HCM referral centre population. Methods and results: Three thousand six hundred and seventy-three adult patients with HCM underwent evaluation between January 1975 and September 2012 with 1661 (45.2%) female. Kaplan-Meier survival curves were assessed via log-rank test. Cox proportional hazard regression analyses evaluated the relation of sex with survival...
September 8, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017602/phylogenetic-analyses-reveal-that-schellackia-parasites-apicomplexa-detected-in-american-lizards-are-closely-related-to-the-genus-lankesterella-is-the-range-of-schellackia-restricted-to%C3%A2-the-old-world
#10
Rodrigo Megía-Palma, Javier Martínez, Dhanashree Paranjpe, Verónica D'Amico, Rocío Aguilar, María Gabriela Palacios, Robert Cooper, Francisco Ferri-Yáñez, Barry Sinervo, Santiago Merino
BACKGROUND: Species of Schellackia Reichenow, 1919 have been described from the blood of reptiles distributed worldwide. Recently, Schellackia spp. detected in European and Asian lizards have been molecularly characterised. However, parasites detected in American lizard hosts remain uncharacterised. Thus, phylogenetic affinities between the Old and New World parasite species are unknown. METHODS: In the present study, we characterised morphologically and molecularly the hemococcidian parasites (sporozoites) that infect three lizard hosts from North America and two from South America...
October 10, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016179/george-mandler-1924-2016
#11
Fergus Craik
Presents an obituary for George Mandler, who died in London on May 6, 2016 at the age of 91. Mandler was one of the pioneers of the cognitive revolution in psychology. He was instrumental in moving the study of human learning from notions based largely on associations to a view of memory as an organized, nested hierarchical structure. Mandler was also a major proponent of the dual-process theory of recognition memory, in which general feelings of familiarity are distinguished from the context-rich experience of recollection...
October 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994173/looking-for-japan-s-missing-third-baby-boom
#12
Sachiko Baba, Aya Goto, Michael R Reich
AIM: High-income countries are now experiencing a decline in fertility. After experiencing baby booms in 1947-1949 and 1971-1974, Japan's population has been decreasing since 2015. In an attempt to predict the next baby boom, we searched for any upward demographic trends occurring after 1974. METHODS: We analyzed time trends of the numbers and rates of live births, stillbirths and induced abortions using Japanese government data from 1975 to 2014. We then selected two birth cohorts: the first baby boomers who were 0-4 years old in 1950, and the second baby boomers who were 0-4 years old in 1975, and analyzed their rates of live births, stillbirths, and abortions by five-year age groups...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993088/hip-and-knee-arthroplasty-orthopedic-literature-in-medical-journals-is-it-negatively-biased
#13
Ronald E Delanois, Chukwuweike U Gwam, Nicolas S Piuzzi, Morad Chughtai, Arthur L Malkani, Peter M Bonutti, Michael A Mont
BACKGROUND: Healthcare policy is often determined by well-designed studies most often published in high-impact medical journals. However, concern about the presence of publication bias against lower-extremity arthroplasty-related studies has called into question some of the validity of certain reports. There are only a few studies investigating the presence of the bias in high-impact medical journals against lower-extremity arthroplasty intervention, particularly in the Journal of American Medical Association (JAMA), New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM), and the Lancet...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991760/centenary-of-the-birth-of-academician-prof-dr-isak-tadzer-founder-of-the-pathophysiology-and-nuclear-medicine-in-macedonia
#14
Borislav Karanfilski
Academician Prof. Dr. Isak Tadzer was born a hundred years ago on December 24, 1916 in Sofia. He completed the primary and secondary education at the German College in Sofia. In 1935 he began his studies at the Medical Faculty in Vienna, which he had to stop because of the annexation of Austria to Germany in 1938. He returned to Bulgaria where he continued his studies and graduated from the Medical Faculty in Sofia in 1941. During the War, 1941-1944, he was forcedly mobilized and he worked as a doctor in several villages...
September 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986758/the-development-of-sociobiology-in-relation-to-animal-behavior-studies-1946-1975
#15
Clement Levallois
This paper aims at bridging a gap between the history of American animal behavior studies and the history of sociobiology. In the post-war period, ecology, comparative psychology and ethology were all investigating animal societies, using different approaches ranging from fieldwork to laboratory studies. We argue that this disunity in "practices of place" (Kohler, Robert E. Landscapes & Labscapes: Exploring the Lab-Field Border in Biology. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2002) explains the attempts of dialogue between those three fields and early calls for unity through "sociobiology" by J...
October 6, 2017: Journal of the History of Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978403/completion-pancreatectomy-in-the-acute-management-of-pancreatic-fistula-after-pancreaticoduodenectomy-a-systematic-review-and-qualitative-synthesis-of-the-literature
#16
REVIEW
Alexsander K Bressan, Michael Wahba, Elijah Dixon, Chad G Ball
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic fistula remains a major complication after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). Re-operation is generally considered only after exhaustion of non-surgical options. A variety of pancreas-preserving operations have been proposed, but completion pancreatectomy (CP) stands out in locally complicated cases as a universal approach. This study aims to provide a qualitative synthesis of the peer-reviewed literature regarding emergency CP for post-PD pancreatic fistula. METHODS: A systematic search of PubMed and EMBASE for all studies reporting clinical outcomes for CP in the acute treatment of pancreatic fistula following PD from January 1975 until May 2016...
October 1, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976614/leader-preference-in-neoconocephalus-ensiger-katydids-a-female-preference-for-a-non-heritable-male-trait
#17
Megan A Murphy, H Carl Gerhardt, Johannes Schul
Leader preferences, which result in greater mating success of males that produce their signals just ahead of those of their neighbors, are common in acoustically communicating insects and anurans (e.g. Whitney and Krebs 1975, Greenfield and Roizen 1993, Grafe 1996, Römer et al. 1997, Greenfield et al. 2004). These preferences are unusual in that they do not act on a property of the male signal itself but rather on its timing relative to that of other males (Snedden and Greenfield 1998), making the relationship between female preferences and male signal traits particularly complex...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976492/physical-fitness-in-young-men-between-1975-and-2015-with-a-focus-on-the-years-2005-2015
#18
Matti Santtila, Kai Pihlainen, Harri Koski, Tommi Vasankari, Heikki Kyröläinen
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to investigate changes in physical fitness and anthropometry of young men entering the military service in Finland during the years 1975-2015. METHODS: The study included the fitness test results of 627,142 healthy young male conscripts (age 19.1±0.4 yrs.). Data included results of aerobic capacity, muscle fitness tests, and anthropometric characteristics. RESULTS: The results show that the increase in mean body mass of young men has slowed down during the last ten years...
October 2, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974927/egas-moniz-90-years-1927-2017-from-cerebral-angiography
#19
Marco Artico, Marialuisa Spoletini, Lorenzo Fumagalli, Francesca Biagioni, Larisa Ryskalin, Francesco Fornai, Maurizio Salvati, Alessandro Frati, Francesco Saverio Pastore, Samanta Taurone
In June 2017 we celebrate the 90th anniversary of the pioneer discovery of cerebral angiography, the seminal imaging technique used for visualizing cerebral blood vessels and vascular alterations as well as other intracranial disorders. Egas Moniz (1874-1955) was the first to describe the use of this revolutionary technique which, until 1975 (when computed tomography, CT, scan was introduced in the clinical practice), was the sole diagnostic tool to provide an imaging of cerebral vessels and therefore alterations due to intracranial pathology...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroanatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968452/mediators-of-the-effects-of-rice-intake-on-health-in-individuals-consuming-a-traditional-japanese-diet-centered-on-rice
#20
Minori Koga, Atsuhito Toyomaki, Akane Miyazaki, Yukiei Nakai, Atsuko Yamaguchi, Chizuru Kubo, Junko Suzuki, Iwao Ohkubo, Mari Shimizu, Manabu Musashi, Yoshinobu Kiso, Ichiro Kusumi
Although the Japanese diet is believed to be balanced and healthy, its benefits have been poorly investigated, especially in terms of effects on mental health. We investigated dietary patterns and physical and mental health in the Japanese population using an epidemiological survey to determine the health benefits of the traditional Japanese diet. Questionnaires to assess dietary habits, quality of life, sleep quality, impulsivity, and depression severity were distributed to 550 randomly selected middle-aged and elderly individuals...
2017: PloS One
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