keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

1975

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910006/william-d-hamilton-s-brazilian-lectures-and-his-unpublished-model-regarding-wynne-edwards-s-idea-of-natural-selection-with-a-note-on-pluralism-and-different-philosophical-approaches-to-evolution
#1
Emanuele Coco
In 1975, the English evolutionist William Donald Hamilton (1936-2000) held in Brazil a series of lectures entitled "Population genetics and social behaviour". The unpublished notes of these conferences-written by Hamilton and recently discovered at the British Library-offer an opportunity to reflect on some of the author's ideas about evolution. The year of the conference is particularly significant, as it took place shortly after the applications of the Price equation with which Hamilton was able to build a model that included several levels of selection...
December 2016: History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904240/effectiveness-of-exercise-on-functional-mobility-in-adults-with-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review
#2
Hillary Lawrence, Sara Hills, Nicole Kline, Kyra Weems, Antonette Doty
Purpose: We identified evidence evaluating the effect of exercise on functional mobility in adults (aged 18 y or older) with cerebral palsy (CP). Method: An exhaustive search was conducted using the electronic databases PubMed, MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, SPORTDiscus, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews from the earliest available evidence (1975) to the present (January 2016) for studies whose participants were ambulatory adults with CP receiving conservative treatment to address functional mobility limitations...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903763/enzyme-activation-through-the-utilization-of-intrinsic-dianion-binding-energy
#3
REVIEW
T L Amyes, M M Malabanan, X Zhai, A C Reyes, J P Richard
We consider 'the proposition that the intrinsic binding energy that results from the noncovalent interaction of a specific substrate with the active site of the enzyme is considerably larger than is generally believed. An important part of this binding energy may be utilized to provide the driving force for catalysis, so that the observed binding energy represents only what is left over after this utilization' [Jencks,W.P. (1975) Adv. Enzymol. Relat. Areas. Mol. Biol., 43: , 219-410]. The large ~12 kcal/mol intrinsic substrate phosphodianion binding energy for reactions catalyzed by triosephosphate isomerase (TIM), orotidine 5'-monophosphate decarboxylase and glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase is divided into 4-6 kcal/mol binding energy that is expressed on the formation of the Michaelis complex in anchoring substrates to the respective enzyme, and 6-8 kcal/mol binding energy that is specifically expressed at the transition state in activating the respective enzymes for catalysis...
November 29, 2016: Protein Engineering, Design & Selection: PEDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899295/prevalence-and-correlates-of-binge-eating-disorder-related-features-in-the-community
#4
Linda Mustelin, Cynthia M Bulik, Jaakko Kaprio, Anna Keski-Rahkonen
Binge eating disorder (BED) is associated with high levels of obesity and psychological suffering, but little is known about 1) the distribution of features of BED in the general population and 2) their consequences for weight development and psychological distress in young adulthood. We investigated the prevalence of features of BED and their association with body mass index (BMI) and psychological distress among men (n = 2423) and women (n = 2825) from the longitudinal community-based FinnTwin16 cohort (born 1975-1979)...
November 26, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891489/techniques-to-evaluate-dental-erosion-a-systematic-review-of-literature
#5
REVIEW
Mahasweta Joshi, Nikhil Joshi, Rahul Kathariya, Prabhakar Angadi, Sonal Raikar
This article reviews different techniques for evaluating dental erosion, weighs the advantages and disadvantages of these techniques, and presents the latest trends in the study of dental erosion. In May 2014, an initial search was carried out in the PubMed/MEDLINE database of indexed journals from 1975 to 2013 using the following keywords: dental erosion; dental erosion In-vitro; and dental erosion in-vivo. Bibliographic citations from the papers found were then used to find other useful sources. The authors categorize the techniques into three classes: in-vitro, in-vivo and in-vitro/in-vivo...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890413/hydrological-and-depositional-processes-associated-with-recent-glacier-recession-in-yanamarey-catchment-cordillera-blanca-peru
#6
J I López-Moreno, B Valero-Garcés, B Mark, T Condom, J Revuelto, C Azorín-Molina, J Bazo, M Frugone, S M Vicente-Serrano, J Alejo-Cochachin
In this study, we investigate changes in the glaciated surface and the formation of lakes in the headwater of the Querococha watershed in Cordillera Blanca (Peru) using 24 Landsat images from 1975 to 2014. Information of glacier retreat was integrated with available climate data, the first survey of recent depositional dynamics in proglacial Yanamarey Lake (4600m a.s.l.), and a relatively short hydrological record (2002-2014) at the outlet of Yanamarey Lake. A statistically significant temperature warming (0...
November 24, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884789/surgery-for-advanced-epithelial-ovarian-cancer
#7
REVIEW
Neville F Hacker, Archana Rao
Cytoreductive surgery for patients with advanced epithelial ovarian cancer has been practised since the pioneering work of Tom Griffiths in 1975. Further research has demonstrated the prognostic significance of the extent of metastatic disease pre-operatively, and of complete cytoreduction post-operatively. Patients with advanced epithelial ovarian cancer should be referred to high volume cancer units, and managed by multidisciplinary teams. The role of thoracoscopy and resection of intrathoracic disease is presently investigational...
October 20, 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876445/a-review-of-the-use-of-a-systematic-observation-method-in-coaching-research-between-1997-and-2016
#8
Ed Cope, Mark Partington, Stephen Harvey
A systematic observation method has been one of the most popularly employed methods in coaching research. Kahan's review of this method conducted between 1975 and 1997 highlighted the key trends in this research, and offered methodological guidance for researchers wishing to use this method in their research. The purpose of this review was to provide an update of the use of a systematic observation method in coaching research and assess the extent to which the calls made by Kahan have been addressed. While in some respect this field of study has progressed (i...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872676/progressive-and-self-limiting-neurodegenerative-disorders-in-africa-a-new-prominent-field-of-research-led-by-south-africa-but-without-strong-health-policy
#9
Brice Poreau
INTRODUCTION: Neurodegenerative disorders are involved in mortality and morbidity of every country. A high prevalence is estimated in Africa. Neurodegenerative disorders are defined by a progressive or self-limiting alteration of neurons implied in specific functional and anatomical functions. It encompasses a various range of clinical disorders from self-limiting to progressive. Focus on public health policies and scientific research is needed to understand the mechanisms to reduce this high prevalence...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871025/factors-influencing-local-control-in-patients-undergoing-breast-conservation-surgery-for-ductal-carcinoma-in-situ
#10
J Mathew, R Karia, D A L Morgan, A H S Lee, I O Ellis, J F R Robertson, A M Bello
BACKGROUND: The aim of our study was to assess various predictors for local recurrence (LR) in patients undergoing breast conservation surgery (BCS) for ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: An audit was performed of 582 consecutive patients with DCIS between Jan 1975 to June 2008. In patients undergoing BCS, local guidelines reported a margin of ≥10 mm during the above period. Guideline with regard to margin of excision changes soon after this period...
November 18, 2016: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869688/comparison-of-secular-trends-in-cervical-cancer-mortality-in-china-and-the-united-states-an-age-period-cohort-analysis
#11
Jinyao Wang, Zhiqiang Bai, Zhenkun Wang, Chuanhua Yu
Background: As one of the most common cancers in the female population, cervical cancer has ranked as the second most incident gynecological cancer in recent years, trailing only breast cancer. We aimed to assess and compare the secular trends in cervical cancer mortality in China and the United States and analyze the independent effects of chronological age, time period and birth cohort using age-period-cohort (APC) analysis. Methods: We performed an age-period-cohort analysis using the intrinsic estimator method to estimate the independent effects of age, time period, and birth cohort on cervical cancer mortality...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866533/-lb100-reverses-the-acquired-resistance-to-gefitinib-in-lung-adenocarcinoma-cells-with-egfr-mutation
#12
S Shan, Y D Wang, T Ren
Objective: To investigate the possibility of the Protein Phosphatase 2A (PP2A) inhibitor, LB100, in reversing acquired resistance to gefitinib in lung adenocarcinoma with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene mutation. Methods: Cell line NCI-H1975 and established primary culture cell line 44-1 with gefitinib resistance were sequenced to determine the mutation type of EGFR gene. Cells were treated with gefitinib alone or combined with LB100 to determine the half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50), and sensitivity of 44-1 and NCI-1975 to gefitinib alone or combined with LB100 was compared...
November 15, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865346/maternal-fat-soluble-vitamins-brain-development-and-regulation-of-feeding-behavior-an-overview-of-research
#13
REVIEW
Diana Sánchez-Hernández, G Harvey Anderson, Abraham N Poon, Emanuela Pannia, Clara E Cho, Pedro S P Huot, Ruslan Kubant
Recent research shows a link between vitamin intake during pregnancy and offspring health. Inadequate intakes of water-soluble vitamins during pregnancy lead to obesity and characteristics of the metabolic syndrome, concurrent with altered developments in food intake regulatory pathways. Few studies, however, have reported on the effects of fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, E, and K) on the development of food intake regulatory pathways. The majority of studies to date have focused on associations between inadequate and high intakes of folic acid and vitamin D and neurocognitive development of the offspring...
October 2016: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863813/worldwide-trends-in-blood-pressure-from-1975-to-2015-a-pooled-analysis-of-1479-population-based-measurement-studies-with-19%C3%A2-1-million-participants
#14
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Raised blood pressure is an important risk factor for cardiovascular diseases and chronic kidney disease. We estimated worldwide trends in mean systolic and mean diastolic blood pressure, and the prevalence of, and number of people with, raised blood pressure, defined as systolic blood pressure of 140 mm Hg or higher or diastolic blood pressure of 90 mm Hg or higher. METHODS: For this analysis, we pooled national, subnational, or community population-based studies that had measured blood pressure in adults aged 18 years and older...
November 15, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861832/cluster-headache-with-accompanying-migraine-like-features-a-possible-clinical-phenotype
#15
Arens Taga, Marco Russo, Gian Camillo Manzoni, Paola Torelli
BACKGROUND: There are limited literature data on migraine-like accompanying features (MLF) in patients with cluster headache (CH). These symptoms are frequently reported by patients and may delay CH diagnosis. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the occurrence of migraine-like symptoms in an Italian case series of CH patients and to determine whether these features influence the clinical phenotype of CH. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed in all consecutive patients referred to the Parma Headache Centre between 1975 and 2013 affected by CH; the cases were subsequently reviewed applying the ICHD3-beta criteria...
November 10, 2016: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860521/phylogeny-and-evolution-of-lepidoptera
#16
Charles Mitter, Donald R Davis, Michael P Cummings
Until recently, deep-level phylogeny in Lepidoptera, the largest single radiation of plant-feeding insects, was very poorly understood. Over the past two decades, building on a preceding era of morphological cladistic studies, molecular data have yielded robust initial estimates of relationships both within and among the ∼43 superfamilies, with unsolved problems now yielding to much larger data sets from high-throughput sequencing. Here we summarize progress on lepidopteran phylogeny since 1975, emphasizing the superfamily level, and discuss some resulting advances in our understanding of lepidopteran evolution...
November 16, 2016: Annual Review of Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858205/statistical-inference-in-abstracts-of-major-medical-and-epidemiology-journals-1975-2014-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Andreas Stang, Markus Deckert, Charles Poole, Kenneth J Rothman
Since its introduction in the twentieth century, null hypothesis significance testing (NHST), a hybrid of significance testing (ST) advocated by Fisher and null hypothesis testing (NHT) developed by Neyman and Pearson, has become widely adopted but has also been a source of debate. The principal alternative to such testing is estimation with point estimates and confidence intervals (CI). Our aim was to estimate time trends in NHST, ST, NHT and CI reporting in abstracts of major medical and epidemiological journals...
November 17, 2016: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858151/chimney-sweeps-in-sweden-a-questionnaire-based-assessment-of-long-term-changes-in-work-conditions-and-current-eye-and-airway-symptoms
#18
Ayman Alhamdow, Per Gustavsson, Lars Rylander, Kristina Jakobsson, Håkan Tinnerberg, Karin Broberg
OBJECTIVES: To explore chimney sweeping work tasks, chimney sweeps' use of protective equipment, and type of fuel used by clients, over time. Further, to assess work-relatedness of current eye and airway symptoms. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study in 2011, male Swedish chimney sweeps (n = 483; age 21-69 years) answered a questionnaire about their occupational history and eye and airway symptoms. RESULTS: Between 1960 and 2010, black-soot-sweeping in private homes was the major task, although it decreased during the time period, for chimney sweeps...
November 17, 2016: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856702/therapeutic-drug-monitoring-in-the-past-40-years-of-the-journal-of-antimicrobial-chemotherapy
#19
REVIEW
David Reeves, Andrew Lovering, Alison Thomson
Since the Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy was first published in 1975, papers addressing therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) have been a regular feature. Initially they focused on laboratory aspects of drug concentration measurement then they changed more to the application of TDM in a clinical setting. Over its history, the Journal has provided its readership with the latest technological and scientific advances in TDM and has helped to drive changes in TDM that have directly impacted on patient care. These have varied from improvement in the quality of antimicrobial measurements through better identification of dosage regimens and TDM targets that help predict outcome and adverse events...
December 2016: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855701/left-ventricular-remodeling-and-the-athlete-s-heart-irrespective-of-quality-load-training
#20
Giorgio Galanti, Laura Stefani, Gabriele Mascherini, Valentina Di Tante, Loira Toncelli
BACKGROUND: Regular physical exercise determines a progressive increase of the cardiac mass known as adaptive hypertrophy. Up to now, two morphological echocardiographic heart patterns of athletes have been described by Morganroth in 1975: predominant augmentation of wall thickness, and major cavity size in chamber dimensions in the case of prevalent static or dynamic components. The aim of the study was to follow up the impact of physical training on heart morphology and function in a group of elite soccer and rugby players for at least five years...
November 17, 2016: Cardiovascular Ultrasound
keyword
keyword
90784
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"