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Mark T Warne
The concept of the thaerocytherid ostracod genus Neohornibrookella was established by Jellinek (1993) on valve and carapace specimens from Kenyan coastal waters, identified by him as belonging to the species Cythere lactea Brady, 1866. Thus, Jellinek (1993) nominated Cythere lactea as the type species for Neohornibrookella. However, he misidentified these Kenyan specimens, which are here interpreted to belong to the broadly distributed, thermophilic shallow marine species, Hermanites transoceanica Teeter, 1975...
April 10, 2018: Zootaxa
Miguel A MonnÉ, Marcela L MonnÉ
The following synonymies are proposed: Chydarteres formosus Galileo Martins, 2010 as a junior synonym of Andraegoidus fabricii (Dupont, 1838); Nyssosternus Gilmour, 1963 as a junior synonym of Stenolis Bates, 1864; Periestola Breuning, 1943 as a junior synonym of Cobelura Erichson, 1847; Cobelura inornata Monné Monné, 2017 as a junior synonym of Cobelura strandi (Breuning, 1943), new combination; Cobelura curiosa (Monné Martins, 1976), new combination, removed from synonymy of Cobelura strandi. Trachyderes (T...
February 13, 2018: Zootaxa
Manpreet Singh Pandher, Hans Malicky, Sajad H Parey
Three new species belonging to genus Cheumatopsyche Wallengren are described and illustrated. The newly described species are Cheumatopsyche nigrocephala sp. nov. and Ch. similis sp. nov. both from Uttarakhand, and Ch. meghalayaensis sp. nov. from Meghalaya. Cheumatopsyche guadunica Li Dudgeon 1988 is reported for the first time from India. Cheumatopsyche ningmapa Schmid 1975 and Ch. galahittigama Schmid 1958 are also redescribed and reillustrated based on Indian specimens (males only). Due to insufficient description five species described by the Navás are considered to be nomina dubia (Cheumatopsyche chlorogastra (Navás 1932), Ch...
February 15, 2018: Zootaxa
Francisco Javier Peris-Felipo, Sergey A Belokobylskij
The first comprehensive revision of the Nearctic and Neotropical species of the genus Dinotrema Foerster, 1863 is provided. Twenty-two species of this genus are redescribed and illustrated. The following new combinations are suggested: D. floridensis (Shenefelt, 1974), comb. nov.; D. ephemera (Viereck, 1917), comb. nov.; D. foliformis (Fischer, 1969), comb. nov.; D. latitergum (Fischer, 1969), comb. nov.; D. lobidens (Fischer 1969), comb. nov. and D. longibasis (Fischer 1969), comb. nov. Dinotrema bucculatricis (Fischer 1969) is synonymized with D...
February 20, 2018: Zootaxa
Pedro José Gil Vázquez, Andrés Del Amor Arroyo Tristán, Jesús Martínez Baños, Juan Torres Lanzas
Spontaneous hemothorax is an uncommon event that can occur in patients with a history of neurofibromatosis type 1 because of intrathoracic vascular malformations that predispose to aneurysms or bleeding from thoracic tumors. Only 53 cases of this rare association have been reported in the literature since 1975. We described 2 cases: one patient was a 73-year-old man with a right hemothorax secondary to an intercostal neurofibroma; the other was a 35-year-old woman with a left hemothorax secondary to a neurofibroma that compromised the internal mammary artery...
June 2018: Emergencias: Revista de la Sociedad Española de Medicina de Emergencias
Gargi Kapatia, Kirti Gupta, Oshan Shrestha, Anil Kumar, Ashish Bhalla
While adenoid cystic carcinoma is a common malignancy to arise within the salivary glands (21.9%) (Kokemueller et al. in Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 33:25-31, 2004), it is seldom encountered as a tracheal mass and represents < 1% of all lung cancers. Tracheal tumors are an uncommon cause of dyspnoea due to their relatively rare occurrence (Baydur and Gottlieb in JAMA 234:829-831, 1975). They pose considerable diagnostic challenge clinically as their symptoms mimics more commoner ailments like asthma and chronic bronchitis...
April 23, 2018: Head and Neck Pathology
Rudolf H Scheffrahn, Jan KŘeČek
Procryptotermes Holmgren is a modestly diverse kalotermitid genus endemic to numerous islands and archipelagos of the world's tropical oceans (Scheffrahn Křeček 2001). Mainland records from southern India (Bose 1979, Roonwal Chhotani 1963, Thakur 1975), Queensland Australia (Watson and Abbey 1993), and the Yucatan Peninsula (Scheffrahn and Křeček 2001), also approximate oceanic coastlines. The soldier of Procryptotermes is distinguished from most other kalotermitids by long, sickle-shaped mandibles and a rather weak or absent frontal flange or protuberance (Krishna 1961)...
December 20, 2017: Zootaxa
Yael Weinstein, Itzhak Levav, Marc Gelkopf, David Roe, Rinat Yoffe, Inna Pugachova, Stephen Z Levine
This study tested the hypothesis that maternal exposure to terror attacks during pregnancy is associated with the risk of schizophrenia in the offspring. A population-based study was conducted of Israeli children born between 1975 and 1995 and that were registered in the Ministry of Interior and followed up in the Ministry of Health from birth to 2015 for the risk of schizophrenia (N = 201,048). The association between maternal exposure to terror attacks during pregnancy and the risk of schizophrenia in the offspring was quantified with relative risks (RR) and their 95% confidence intervals (CI) fitting Cox regression models unadjusted and adjusted for confounders...
April 20, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
Meetu R Kohli, Homayon Berenji, Frank C Setzer, Su-Min Lee, Bekir Karabucak
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of root-end preparation and filling material on endodontic surgery outcome. A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to determine the outcome of resin-based endodontic surgery (RES, the use of high-magnification preparation of a shallow and concave root-end cavity and bonded resin-based root-end filling material) versus endodontic microsurgery (EMS, the use of high-magnification ultrasonic root-end preparation and root-end filling with SuperEBA [Keystone Industries, Gibbstown, NJ], IRM [Dentsply Sirona, York, PA], mineral trioxide aggregate [MTA], or other calcium silicate cements)...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Endodontics
Jean-Jacques Amy, Sam Rowlands
This article deals with the nine European nations which legalised non-consensual sterilisation during the interwar years, thus completing the review, the first part of which was published in an earlier issue of this Journal. Like we did for North America, Japan and Mexico, countries concerned are addressed in chronological order, as practices in one of these influenced policies in others, involved later. For each, we assess the continuum of events up to the present time. The Swiss canton of Vaud was the first political entity in Europe to introduce a law on compulsory sterilisation of people with intellectual disability, in 1928...
April 19, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
Rainer Kotz
PURPOSES: Bone tumours have been a tragedy for the patient in any time period. In the majority of the cases it occurs in children or young adults. In the past the affected limbs could not be spared and the overall prognosis was poor. METHODS: Chemotherapy successfully introduced for the purpose of overcoming the poor overall prognosis (Rosen and Jaffe) and tumour prostheses were invented for the purpose of salvaging the affected limbs (Marcove, Scales, Campanacci, Sivas, Salzer)...
December 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
Dominik Bents, Detlef Groth, Takashi Satake
Introduction : Body height is influenced by biological factors such as genetics, nutrition and health, but also by the social network, and environmental and economical factors. During centuries, the Japanese society has developed on islands. This setting provides ideal natural conditions for studying the influence of social networks on human height. Material and methods : We investigated body height of male Japanese students aged 17.5 years obtained in 47 prefectures, from the Japanese school health survey of the years 1955, 1975, 1995, and 2015...
April 18, 2018: Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht über die Biologisch-anthropologische Literatur
Katherine J Karriker-Jaffe, Henrik Ohlsson, Kenneth S Kendler, Won Kim Cook, Kristina Sundquist
BACKGROUND: Recent reviews of associations of alcohol availability with alcohol outcomes suggest findings are highly inconsistent and highlight a lack of longitudinal and causal evidence. Effect modification (moderation or statistical interaction), which could contribute to the inconsistent picture in the existing literature, has not been systematically assessed. We examined associations of alcohol availability with onset and recurrence of alcohol use disorder (AUD) using multi-level, longitudinal population data from Sweden and test hypothesized effect modifiers to identify groups for whom increased alcohol availability may be particularly risky...
April 18, 2018: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
Shigehito Yamada, Momoko Nagai, Masatoshi Hagiwara
The Congenital Anomaly Research Center at Kyoto University's Graduate School of Medicine was established in 1975; in 2015 the center celebrated its 40th anniversary. The celebration of this anniversary included three special projects: (1) forming an achievement list, (2) preparing for a specimen exhibition, and (3) holding an anniversary symposium. This special issue of The Anatomical Record is devoting to detailing these anniversary projects. Anat Rec, 2018. © 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
April 17, 2018: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
Zihang Chen, Pujun Guan, Tong Shan, Yunxia Ye, Limin Gao, Zhi Wang, Sha Zhao, Wenyan Zhang, Li Zhang, Ling Pan, Weiping Liu
Background: The paradoxical reports about the prognostic value of the CD30 expression in extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma (ENKTL) have restricted its further applications in clinical practice. To identify the common effects and the variation, we conducted this systematic review and meta-analysis. Methods: PubMed, MEDLINE, Embase, and Web of Science were searched between January 1975 and 31 January 2017. The pooled hazard ratio was used to estimate the effect of the CD30 expression on overall survival...
March 27, 2018: Oncotarget
Paola Orlandi, Teresa Di Desidero, Giada Salvia, Beatrice Muscatello, Giulio Francia, Guido Bocci
Metronomic vinorelbine (mVNR) has been described primarily as an antiangiogenic therapy, and no direct effects of mVNR on Non Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) cells has yet been demonstrated. The aims of this study were i) to establish the direct activity of mVNR on NSCLC cells either EGFR wt or EGFRL858R/T790M , and ii) to quantify the synergism of the combination with reversible EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), investigating the underlying mechanism of action. Proliferation assays were performed on A-549 (EGFR-wthigh ), H-292 (EGFR-wt), H-358 (EGFR-wt), H-1975 (EGFRL858R/T790M ) NSCLC cell lines exposed to mVNR, its active metabolite deacetyl-VNR (D-VNR), gefitinib and erlotinib for 144h treatments...
April 13, 2018: Biochemical Pharmacology
William C Strohsnitter, Kimberly A Bertrand, Rebecca Troisi, Christopher G Scott, Andrea L Cheville, Robert N Hoover, Julie R Palmer, Celine M Vachon
In a prospective cohort study of the health effects associated with prenatal Diethylstilbestrol (DES) exposure, DES was associated with an increased breast cancer risk after 40 years of age. It is unknown whether it is associated with greater mammographic density, which strongly predicts breast cancer risk. A cohort of DES-exposed and unexposed women was assembled at the Mayo Clinic in 1975, and followed through 2012 as part of the National Cancer Institute's DES Follow-up Study. Mammographic density from 3,637 mammograms for 332 (222 DES-exposed, 110 unexposed) women in this cohort screened at the Mayo Clinic, Rochester between 1996 and 2015 were determined clinically using the Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS)...
April 15, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
N H Davidoss, Y K Varsak, P L Santa Maria
Considerable animal research has focused on developing new strategies for the prevention and treatment of acute otitis media (AOM). Several experimental models of AOM have thus been developed. A PubMed search of the English literature was conducted from 1975 to July 2016 using the search terms "animal model" and "otitis media" from which 91 published studies were included for analysis, yielding 123 animal models. The rat, mouse and chinchilla are the preferred animals for experimental AOM models with their individual advantages and disadvantages...
April 12, 2018: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
Laura Donahoe, Shaf Keshavjee
Idiopathic laryngotracheal stenosis is a rare but well-described indication for subglottic tracheal resection. Initially described by Pearson in 1975, the 1-stage subglottic tracheal resection with reconstruction of the airway ensures preservation of the recurrent laryngeal nerves while resulting in an effective and durable repair of the stenosis.
May 2018: Thoracic Surgery Clinics
Rebecca L Johnson, Elizabeth C Oehrlein, William L Roche
The current study utilized the gaze-contingent boundary paradigm (Rayner, 1975) to examine the effects of predictability and parafoveal preview on reading behavior of developing readers. Participants ranging in age from 6- to 12-years-old read target words placed in a predictable or neutral context. Target words were manipulated to give either a valid identity preview, a visually similar preview that provided partial letter identity information, or a visually dissimilar preview where all of the letters were substituted...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance
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