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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505037/getting-ready-for-the-first-robotic-prostatectomy-from-basics-to-real-practice
#1
Christian Wagner, Victor Srougi, Rafael Sanchez-Salas
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) has been embraced by urologists and has become a treatment standard in many countries already. Learning how to perform a RARP is challenging and has not yet been standardized. The current review summarizes the latest concepts regarding the most effective way of training for RARP. RECENT FINDINGS: The strategy to learn RARP should comprise didactic activities, skills lab training, participating in surgeries and mentorship...
May 12, 2017: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499617/community-based-outcomes-of-open-versus-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy
#2
Annika Herlemann, Janet E Cowan, Peter R Carroll, Matthew R Cooperberg
BACKGROUND: Identifying the optimal surgical approach for patients with localized prostate cancer (PCa) managed in the community setting remains controversial due to the lack of robust, prospective data. OBJECTIVE: To assess surgical outcomes and changes in urinary and sexual quality of life (QOL) over time in patients undergoing radical prostatectomy (RP). DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Our study included patients enrolled in Cancer of the Prostate Strategic Urologic Research Endeavor (CaPSURE), a large, prospective, mostly community-based, nationwide PCa registry, who underwent RP between 2004 and 2016...
May 9, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483330/a-pragmatic-randomized-controlled-trial-examining-the-impact-of-the-retzius-sparing-approach-on-early-urinary-continence-recovery-after-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy
#3
Deepansh Dalela, Wooju Jeong, Madhu-Ashni Prasad, Akshay Sood, Firas Abdollah, Mireya Diaz, Patrick Karabon, Jesse Sammon, Marcus Jamil, Brad Baize, Andrea Simone, Mani Menon
BACKGROUND: Retzius-sparing (posterior) robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) may expedite postoperative urinary continence recovery. OBJECTIVE: To compare the short-term (≤3 mo) urinary continence (UC), urinary function (UF), and UF-related bother outcomes of posterior RARP compared with standard anterior approach RARP. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A total of 120 patients aged 40-75 yr with low-intermediate-risk prostate cancer (per the National Comprehensive Cancer Network guidelines) underwent primary RARP at a tertiary care institution...
May 6, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480340/robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-has-lower-biochemical-recurrence-than-laparoscopic-radical-prostatectomy-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Seon Heui Lee, Hyun Ju Seo, Na Rae Lee, Soo Kyung Son, Dae Keun Kim, Koon Ho Rha
PURPOSE: To assess the effectiveness and safety of robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) versus laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP) in the treatment of prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Existing systematic reviews were updated to investigate the effectiveness and safety of RARP. Electronic databases, including Ovid MEDLINE, Ovid Embase, the Cochrane Library, KoreaMed, Kmbase, and others, were searched through July 2014. The quality of the selected systematic reviews was assessed by using the revised assessment of multiple systematic reviews (R-Amstar) and the Cochrane Risk of Bias tool...
May 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462944/functional-outcomes-of-clinically-high-risk-prostate-cancer-patients-treated-with-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-a-multi-institutional-analysis
#5
F Abdollah, D Dalela, A Sood, J Sammon, R Cho, L Nocera, M Diaz, W Jeong, J O Peabody, N Fossati, G Gandaglia, A Briganti, F Montorsi, M Menon
BACKGROUND: To ascertain 3-year urinary continence (UC) and sexual function (SF) recovery following robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) for clinically high-risk prostate cancer (PCa). METHODS: Retrospective analyses of a prospectively maintained database for 769 patients with D'Amico high-risk PCa undergoing RARP at two tertiary care centers in the United States and Europe between 2001 and 2014. The association between time since RARP and recovery of UC (defined as 0 pad/one safety liner per day) and SF (defined as sexual health inventory for men (SHIM) score ⩾17) was tested in separate preoperative and post-operative Cox-proportional hazards regression models...
May 2, 2017: Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452451/the-impact-of-nerve-sparing-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-on-lower-urinary-tract-function-prospective-assessment-of-patient-reported-outcomes-and-frequency-volume-charts
#6
Nobuhiro Haga, Junya Hata, Kanako Matsuoka, Tomoyuki Koguchi, Hidenori Akaihata, Masao Kataoka, Yuichi Sato, Soichiro Ogawa, Kei Ishibashi, Yoshiyuki Kojima
AIMS: To elucidate the effects of a nerve-sparing (NS) procedure on lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and urinary function after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP), the associations between the NS procedure and LUTS and urinary function were investigated. METHODS: The participants in this study were 200 consecutive patients who underwent RARP. These patients were categorized into unilateral and bilateral NS groups and the non-NS group. The International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), quality of life (QOL) index, frequency-volume chart, uroflowmetry, 1-h pad test, and the 5-item International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-5) questionnaire were evaluated before and after RARP...
April 28, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436359/robotic-prostatectomy-versus-brachytherapy-for-the-treatment-of-low-risk-prostate-cancer
#7
Claudio Giberti, Fabrizio Gallo, Maurizio Schenone, Emilio Gastaldi, Pierluigi Cortese, Gaetano Ninotta, Davide Becco
INTRODUCTION: To compare oncological and functional results of robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) and brachytherapy (BT) with a single-center prospective randomized study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2012 to January 2014, 165 patients with low risk prostate cancer, prostate volume ≤ 50 g, normal urinary (IPSS ≤ 7 and mean flow rate ≥ 15 mL/sec) and erectile functions (IIEF-5 > 17) were enrolled and randomly assigned to the RARP or BT group...
April 2017: Canadian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417427/extraperitoneal-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-indications-technique-and-outcomes
#8
REVIEW
Alice Semerjian, Christian P Pavlovich
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Extraperitoneal robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (eRARP) is an alternative to the more commonly employed transperitoneal RARP (tRARP) for treatment of clinically localized prostate cancer. The purpose of this review is to discuss indications in which eRARP would be a more favorable approach in comparison to tRARP. In addition, we will discuss the safety and technique of eRARP. RECENT FINDINGS: Recently published work has highlighted the outcomes and safety of eRARP in comparison to tRARP; specifically that eRARP is not inferior to tRARP...
June 2017: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396817/delayed-infection-of-a-lymphocele-following-rarp-in-a-patient-with-nonspecific-symptoms
#9
Tomoki Taniguchi, Yoshito Takahashi, Mitsuhiro Taniguchi, Toru Yamada, Kenichiro Ishida
Pelvic lymphoceles are an infrequent complication after pelvic surgery and develop shortly after the surgery in most cases. We experienced a case of delayed infection of a lymphocele 6 months after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) and pelvic lymphadenectomy. In this case, antimicrobial chemotherapy and percutaneous drainage were effective, and there was no recurrence of the disease. Most urologists do not recognize that infected lymphoceles can develop a long time after surgery; thus, infected lymphoceles should be kept in mind in patients with nonspecific infectious symptoms, regardless of the length of time after surgery...
2017: Case Reports in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394523/-comparison-of-functional-outcomes-after-retropubic-and-robot-assisted-radical-nerve-sparing-prostatectomy-conducted-by-surgeons-with-total-caseloads-of-over-1000-prostatectomies
#10
D Yu Pushkar, V V Dyakov, A O Vasilyev, D V Kotenko
AIM: To compare the functional outcomes of bilateral nerve-sparing robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) and radical retropubic prostatectomy (RRP) at 12 months after surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study of two groups, each of 50 sexually active patients with localized low risk prostate cancer. The first group comprised patients who underwent RRP, while the second underwent RARP. All operations were carried out sequentially from January to August 2015 using nerve-sparing technique...
April 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379668/towards-development-and-validation-of-an-intraoperative-assessment-tool-for-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-training-results-of-a-delphi-study
#11
Christopher Morris, Jen Hoogenes, Bobby Shayegan, Edward D Matsumoto
INTRODUCTION: As urology training shifts toward competency-based frameworks, the need for tools for high stakes assessment of trainees is crucial. Validated assessment metrics are lacking for many robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP). As it is quickly becoming the gold standard for treatment of localized prostate cancer, the development and validation of a RARP assessment tool for training is timely. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We recruited 13 expert RARP surgeons from the United States and Canada to serve as our Delphi panel...
April 6, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376606/positive-surgical-margin-in-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-correlation-with-pathology-findings-and-risk-of-biochemical-recurrence
#12
Jung K Jo, Sung K Hong, Seok-Soo Byun, Homayoun Zargar, Riccardo Autorino, Sang E Lee
BACKGROUND: To analyze the correlation of surgical margin status with other findings on final pathology and risk of biochemical recurrence (BCR) in patients undergoing robot assisted radical prostatectomy (RALP). METHODS: Bundang Prostatectomy Database was reviewed to identify patients who underwent RARP from 2007 to 2011 and had a positive surgical margin (PSM) on final pathology. Pathology findings were reviewed. BCR-free survival was calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method...
March 30, 2017: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373480/salvage-robotic-assisted-laparoscopic-radical-prostatectomy-experience-with-14-cases
#13
Yen-Chuan Ou, Sheng-Chun Hung, Li-Hua Hwang, Chun-Kuang Yang, Siu-Wan Hung, Min-Che Tung
AIM: To report the outcomes of salvage robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (S-RaRP). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fourteen patients underwent S-RaRP. The mean initial prostatic-specific antigen level was 14.3 ng/ml and mean Gleason score was 6.93. Initial definitive treatment was external irradiation in 11 cases, cyberknife in two, and high-intensity focused ultrasound in one. Time from definitive treatment to S-RaRP was a mean of 36.5 months. RESULTS: The mean console time was 134...
April 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366513/cost-of-new-technologies-in-prostate-cancer-treatment-systematic-review-of-costs-and-cost-effectiveness-of-robotic-assisted-laparoscopic-prostatectomy-intensity-modulated-radiotherapy-and-proton-beam-therapy
#14
REVIEW
Florian Rudolf Schroeck, Bruce L Jacobs, Sam B Bhayani, Paul L Nguyen, David Penson, Jim Hu
CONTEXT: Some of the high costs of robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP), intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT), and proton beam therapy may be offset by better outcomes or less resource use during the treatment episode. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the literature to identify the key economic trade-offs implicit in a particular treatment choice for prostate cancer. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We systematically reviewed the literature according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) statement and protocol...
March 30, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360954/impact-of-preoperative-and-postoperative-membranous-urethral-length-measured-by-3-tesla-magnetic-resonance-imaging-on-urinary-continence-recovery-after-robotic-assisted-radical-prostatectomy
#15
Wan Song, Chan Kyo Kim, Byung Kwan Park, Hwang Gyun Jeon, Byong Chang Jeong, Seong Il Seo, Seong Soo Jeon, Han Yong Choi, Hyun Moo Lee
INTRODUCTION: We sought to investigate the impact of preoperative and postoperative membranous urethral length (MUL) on urinary continence using 3 Tesla (3T) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) after robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP). METHODS: Between 2008 and 2013, 190 men with RARP underwent preoperative and postoperative MRI. Patients who received adjuvant radiotherapy or who were lost to followup were excluded, leaving 186 patients eligible for analysis...
March 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352618/safety-and-feasibility-of-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-for-clinically-localized-prostate-cancer-in-elderly-japanese-patients
#16
Masatomo Nishikawa, Hiromitsu Watanabe, Tomofumi Kurahashi
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to assess the safety and feasibility of robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) for elderly Japanese (aged ≥ 70 years) patients with clinically localized prostate cancer (PCa). METHODS: From April 2012 to March 2016, a total of 302 consecutive patients with clinically localized PCa underwent RARP at our institute. In this series, 109 (36.1%) and 193 (63.9%) of the patients were divided into older (aged ≥ 70 years) and younger (aged <70 years) groups, respectively...
March 2017: Prostate International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331422/evaluation-of-incontinence-after-robot-assisted-laparoscopic-radical-prostatectomy-using-the-international-consultation-on-incontinence-modular-questionnaire-short-form-and-noting-the-number-of-safety-pads-needed-by-japanese-patients
#17
Katsuya Hikita, Masashi Honda, Bunya Kawamoto, Panagiota Tsounapi, Kuniyasu Muraoka, Takehiro Sejima, Atsushi Takenaka
BACKGROUND: The definition of continence after robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RARP) has not been consistently defined, with many studies only noting the amount of safety pads used. We therefore examined what definition of continence would be appropriate, employing both the International Consultation on Incontinence Modular Questionnaire Short Form (ICIQ-SF) and the number of pads used by patients. We also evaluated the relationship between the number of pads used and degree of incontinence...
March 2017: Yonago Acta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302122/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-inguinal-hernia-after-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy
#18
Yuta Yamada, Tetsuya Fujimura, Hiroshi Fukuhara, Toru Sugihara, Kotaro Takemura, Shigenori Kakutani, Motofumi Suzuki, Tohru Nakagawa, Haruki Kume, Yasuhiko Igawa, Yukio Homma
BACKGROUND: Robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) has now become a gold standard approach in radical prostatectomy. The aim of this study was to investigate incidence and risk factors of inguinal hernia (IH) after RARP. METHODS: This study included 307 consecutive men who underwent RARP for the treatment of prostate cancer from January 2011 to August 2015. The incidence of IH after RARP was investigated. Clinical and pathological factors were also investigated to assess relationship with development of postoperative IH...
March 16, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281741/extended-versus-standard-pelvic-lymphadenectomy-during-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-the-role-of-extended-template-as-an-independent-predictor-of-lymph-node-invasion-with-comparable-morbidity-burden
#19
Francesco A Mistretta, Luca Boeri, Angelica A Grasso, Vito Lo Russo, Giancarlo Albo, Elisa De Lorenzis, Marco Maggioni, Franco Palmisano, Paolo Dell'ORTO, Silvano Bosari, Bernardo Rocco
BACKGROUND: To assess oncologic and surgical outcomes in patients subjected to standard (S) versus extended (E) pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND) during robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP). METHODS: From February 2009 to December 2015 a total of 184 consecutive patients underwent RARP and either standard or extended PLND for localized prostate cancer (PCa). Descriptive statistics compared clinical and pathological variables between groups. Logistic regression identified potential predictors of lymph node invasion (LNI)...
March 10, 2017: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270949/robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-in-low-and-high-risk-prostate-cancer-patients
#20
Uğur Boylu, Ahmet Bindayi, Eyüp Veli Küçük, Fikret Fatih Önol, Eyüp Gümüş
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the benefit of robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) in the low-risk prostate cancer (PCa) patients suitable for active surveillance and in the high-risk PCa patients who would be considered for alternative treatments such as radiotherapy (RT) and androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) instead of radical prostatectomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Of 548 patients, who underwent RARP, 298 PCa patients (258 low-risk and 40 high-risk) with a mean of 3...
March 2017: Turkish Journal of Urology
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