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Antibiofilm activity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157822/antibiofilm-activities-of-norharmane-and-its-derivatives-against-escherichia-coli-o157-h7-and-other-bacteria
#1
Jin-Hyung Lee, Yong-Guy Kim, Sang Hee Shim, Jintae Lee
BACKGROUND: Bacterial biofilms exhibit reduced sensitivity to conventional antibiotics and host defence systems and contribute to the persistence of chronic bacterial infections. HYPOTHESIS: The antibiofilm approach using plant alkaloids provides an alternative to antibiotic strategies. STUDY DESIGN: In this study, the antibiofilm activities of various plant alkaloids were investigated against enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Pseudomonas aeruginosa...
December 1, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156349/biopolymer-gelatin-coated-zinc-oxide-nanoparticles-showed-high-antibacterial-antibiofilm-and-anti-angiogenic-activity
#2
Mani Divya, Baskaralingam Vaseeharan, Muthukumar Abinaya, Sekar Vijayakumar, Marimuthu Govindarajan, Naiyf S Alharbi, Shine Kadaikunnan, Jamal M Khaled, Giovanni Benelli
The use of natural polymers in drug design plays an important role in biomedical applications. Combinations of nanoparticles (NPs) and biopolymers have been shown to be useful for many purposes. This study focused on gelatin-coated zinc oxide NPs synthesized by co-precipitation. The particles were characterized by UV-Vis spectrum, showing a main peak at 375nm. The stability and crystalline nature of the particles was evaluated by Zeta potential and X-ray diffraction analysis. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) revealed the possible functional groups of Ge-ZnO NPs, with strong bands at 3851, 3447, and 2923cm(-1)...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155399/green-synthesis-of-anisotropic-gold-nanoparticles-using-hordenine-and-their-antibiofilm-efficacy-against-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#3
Jobina Rajkumari, Himani Meena, Muralitharan Gangatharan, Siddhardha Busi
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a notorious pathogen that causes biofilm aided infections in patients with cystic fibrosis and burn wounds, resulting in significant mortality in immunocompromised individuals. This study reports a novel one-step biosynthesis of gold nanoparticles using phytocompound, hordenine (HD), as a reducing and capping agent. The synthesis of the anisotropic hordenine-fabricated gold nanoparticles (HD-AuNPs) with an average particle size of 136.87 nm was achieved within 12 h of incubation at room temperature...
December 2017: IET Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146496/euterpe-oleracea-pulp-extract-chemical-analyses-antibiofilm-activity-against-staphylococcus-aureus-cytotoxicity-and-interference-on-the-activity-of-antimicrobial-drugs
#4
Marcus Vinícius Dias-Souza, Renan Martins Dos Santos, Isabela Penna Cerávolo, Gustavo Cosenza, Pedro Henrique Ferreira Marçal, Flávio Jr Barbosa Figueiredo
Euterpe oleracea (Açaí) fruit are widely consumed at the Brazilian Amazon region, and biological potentials such as immunomodulatory and antioxidant have been described for its extracts. However, its antimicrobial properties remain poorly investigated. Here, the antimicrobial and antibiofilm activities of the methanolic extract of an artisanally-manufactured açaí pulp (MEAP) were evaluated against clinical isolates of Staphylococcus aureus. Besides, MEAP interference on the activity of antimicrobial drugs of clinical relevance was explored, and its cytotoxicity against hepatocellular carcinoma cells (HepG2) was investigated...
November 13, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142162/chloroform-extract-of-turmeric-inhibits-biofilm-formation-eps-production-and-motility-in-antibiotic-resistant-bacteria
#5
Sumreen Hayat, Anjum N Sabri, Timothy D McHugh
In the form of biofilms, bacteria exhibit more resistance to antibiotics. Biofilm formers can withstand severe conditions and the host's defense system. Therefore, it is necessary to search for effective biofilm inhibitors. In this study, we investigated the effect of a chloroform extract of turmeric on biofilm formation against antibiotic resistant bacteria. The extract exhibited its antibiofilm effect by altering adherence, motility, extracellular polymeric substance (EPS) production and cell surface hydrophobicity; important attributes of biofilm formation...
November 15, 2017: Journal of General and Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138537/development-of-novel-ultrashort-antimicrobial-peptide-nanoparticles-with-potent-antimicrobial-and-antibiofilm-activities-against-multidrug-resistant-bacteria
#6
Ammar Almaaytah, Gubran Khalil Mohammed, Ahmad Abualhaijaa, Qosay Al-Balas
Conventional antibiotics are facing strong microbial resistance that has recently reached critical levels. This situation is leading to significantly reduced therapeutic potential of a huge proportion of antimicrobial agents currently used in clinical settings. Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) could provide the medical community with an alternative strategy to traditional antibiotics for combating microbial resistance. However, the development of AMPs into clinically useful antibiotics is hampered by their relatively low stability, toxicity, and high manufacturing costs...
2017: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138082/synthesis-of-chitosan-alginate-microspheres-with-high-antimicrobial-and-antibiofilm-activity-against-multi-drug-resistant-microbial-pathogens
#7
Rajagopalan Thaya, Baskaralingam Vaseeharan, Jeyachandran Sivakamavalli, Arokiadhas Iswarya, Marimuthu Govindarajan, Naiyf S Alharbi, Shine Kadaikunnan, Mohammed N Al-Anbr, Jamal M Khaled, Giovanni Benelli
The successful treatment of multi-drug resistant microbial pathogens represents a major challenge for public health management. Here, chitosan-alginate (CS/ALG) microspheres with narrow size distribution were fabricated by ionically cross linking method using Ca(2+) ions as agents for polymer solidification. The physicochemical properties of CS/ALG microspheres, such as surface morphology and size, were studied by SEM. The functional group interactions were confirmed by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy...
November 11, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133243/peptides-as-a-strategy-against-biofilm-forming-microorganisms-structure-activity-relationship-perspectives
#8
REVIEW
Rafael Gomes Von Borowski, Alexandre José Macedo, Simone Cristina Baggio Gnoatto
Biofilm forming microorganisms substantially enhance their virulence and drug resistance causing and alternatives are need to combat this health problem. In this context, peptides are an exceptional strategy in drug design and pharmaceutical innovation due to their diverse chemical features, biological activity and biotechnological relevance. Therefore, this study proposes a comprehensive assessment of a wide range of peptides, targeting biofilms. It provides chemical and molecular information and a Structural Activity Relationship perspective in order to delineate minimal requirements for antibiofilm activity and contributing to the development of new antibiofilm agents...
November 10, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133090/characterization-of-a-novel-exopolysaccharide-produced-by-lactobacillus-gasseri-fr4-and-demonstration-of-its-in-vitro-biological-properties
#9
Rizwana Parveen Rani, Marimuthu Anandharaj, Abraham David Ravindran
In this study, hetero-exopolysaccharide of Lactobacillus gasseri FR4 isolated from native chicken was produced and purified. The molecular weight of LgEPS was found to be 1.86×10(5)Da. The gas chromatographic analysis revealed that the LgEPS was majorly composed of glucose (65.31%), mannose (16.51%), galactose (8.45%), rhamnose (6.55%) and a small fraction of fucose (3.18%). The functional groups of LgEPS were confirmed by FT-IR analysis. The 1D ((1)H and (13)C) and 2D NMR (COSY and HSQC) analysis showed the presence of 1,6 linked-α-d-Glcp, 1,4 linked-α-d-Galp, 1,3,4 linked-α-d-Manp, 1,3 linked-α-l-Rhap, 1,4 linked-α-l-Fucp, 1,4 linked-β-d-Glcp, and β-d-Galp-1 residues...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130039/a-sustained-release-membrane-of-thiazolidinedione-8-effect-on-formation-of-a-candida-bacteria-mixed-biofilm-on-hydroxyapatite-in-a-continuous-flow-model
#10
Mark Feldman, Julia Shenderovich, Eran Lavy, Michael Friedman, Doron Steinberg
Thiazolidinediones (TZDs) have been found to act as effective quorum sensing quenchers, capable of preventing biofilm formation. Our previous studies demonstrated a profound antibiofilm effect of the TZD derivative thiazolidinedione-8 (S-8), either in solution or incorporated into a sustained-release membrane (SRM-S-8) under batch conditions. In the present study, we used a constant depth film fermenter model in order to investigate the impact of SRM-S-8 on mixed C. albicans-S. mutans biofilm development, under flow conditions...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122674/antibiofilm-activity-of-nanoemulsions-of-cymbopogon-flexuosus-against-rapidly-growing-mycobacteria
#11
Grazielle Guidolin Rossi, Kevim Bordignon Guterres, Pauline Cordenonsi Bonez, Samanta da Silva Gundel, Vanessa Albertina Aggertt, Fallon Santos Siqueira, Aline Ferreira Ourique, Roger Wagnerd, Bruna Klein, Roberto Christ Vianna Santos, Marli Matiko Anraku de Campos
Rapidly growing mycobacteria (RGM) are opportunistic microorganisms that can cause both local and disseminated infections. When in biofilm, these pathogens become highly resistant to antimicrobials used in clinical practice. Composed abundantly of polymeric substances, biofilms delay the diffusion of antimicrobials, preventing the drug from penetrating the deeper layers and having an effective action. Therefore, the search for new and alternative therapeutic options has become of fundamental importance. Natural products fall into these options, especially essential oils...
November 6, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114245/the-selective-interaction-of-pistacia-lentiscus-oil-vs-human-streptococci-an-old-functional-food-revisited-with-new-tools
#12
Germano Orrù, Cristina Demontis, Antonello Mameli, Enrica Tuveri, Pierpaolo Coni, Giuseppina Pichiri, Ferdinando Coghe, Antonella Rosa, Paola Rossi, Guy D'hallewin
Pistacia lentiscus berry oil (LBO) represents a typical vegetal product of the Mediterranean basin that has been formally used in traditional cuisine for 100s of years. In addition to its interesting alimentary properties, this product could represent an interesting candidate in the field of research on the study of new anti-infective agents. In fact, in Mediterranean countries, lentisk oil still continues to be widely used in folk medicine for oral and skin affections, in particular, acute gingivitis, pediatric skin infections such as impetigo and foot plaques, and biofilm related infections often associated with Streptococcus spp...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111321/inhibition-activity-of-lactobacilli-supernatant-against-fungal-bacterial-multispecies-biofilms-on-silicone
#13
Yulong Tan, Matthias Leonhard, Doris Moser, Berit Schneider-Stickler
Fungal-bacterial multispecies biofilms play a major role in failure of medical silicone devices, such as voice prostheses in laryngectomiy. In this study, we determined the effect of Lactobacilli supernatant (cell free) on mixed biofilm formation of fungi and bacteria on silicone in vitro. Lactobacilli supernatant inhibited the adhesion (90 min) of mixed fungi and bacteria species with an efficiency of >90%. Mixed biofilm formation and the metabolic activity of the biofilms were inhibited by 72.23% and 58...
October 28, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104569/a-linear-19-mer-plant-defensin-derived-peptide-acts-synergistically-with-caspofungin-against-candida-albicans-biofilms
#14
Tanne L Cools, Caroline Struyfs, Jan W Drijfhout, Soňa Kucharíková, Celia Lobo Romero, Patrick Van Dijck, Marcelo H S Ramada, Carlos Bloch, Bruno P A Cammue, Karin Thevissen
Public health problems are associated with device-associated biofilm infections, with Candida albicans being the major fungal pathogen. We previously identified potent antibiofilm combination treatment in which the antifungal plant defensin HsAFP1 is co-administered with caspofungin, the preferred antimycotic to treat such infections. In this study, we identified the smallest linear HsAFP1-derived peptide that acts synergistically with caspofungin or anidulafungin against C. albicans as HsLin06_18, a 19-mer peptide derived from the C-terminal part of HsAFP1...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104066/chlorhexidine-sustained-release-varnishes-for-catheter-coating-dissolution-kinetics-and-antibiofilm-properties
#15
Julia Gefter Shenderovich, Batya Zaks, David Kirmayer, Eran Lavy, Doron Steinberg, Michael Friedman
Catheter-associated urinary tract infections are difficult to eradicate or prevent, due to their biofilm-related nature. Chlorhexidine, a widely used antiseptic, was previously found to be effective against catheter-related biofilms. For the present study, we developed sustained-release chlorhexidine varnishes for catheter coating and evaluated their antibiofilm properties and chlorhexidine-dissolution kinetics under various conditions. The varnishes were based on ethylcellulose or ammonio methacrylate copolymer type A (Eudragit® RL)...
November 8, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104052/%C3%AE-1-3-glucanase-disrupts-biofilm-formation-and-increases-antifungal-susceptibility-of-candida-albicans-day185
#16
Yulong Tan, Su Ma, Matthias Leonhard, Doris Moser, Berit Schneider-Stickler
β-1,3-glucan plays a role in Candida biofilm formation and survival of biofilm-forming Candida to stresses. In this study, we evaluated the antibiofilm activity of β-1,3-glucanase, which can degrade poly-β(1→3)-glucose of Candida albicans biofilms. Biofilm was dispersed by 55.96%. β-1,3-glucanase had no effect on Candida planktonic growth as well as adhesion. β-1,3-glucanase markedly enhanced the antifungal susceptibility of fluconazole and amphotericin B. The examination using confocal laser scanning microscopy and scanning electron microscope confirmed the antibiofilm activity of β-1,3-glucanase...
November 2, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101062/antibacterial-and-antibiofilm-activities-of-eugenol-from-essential-oil-of-syzygium-aromaticum-l-merr-l-m-perry-clove-leaf-against-periodontal-pathogen-porphyromonas-gingivalis
#17
Yi Zhang, Yue Wang, Xiaojing Zhu, Ping Cao, Shaomin Wei, Yanhua Lu
The antibacterial effect and mechanism of eugenol from Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merr. & L. M. Perry (clove) leaf essential oil (CLEO) against oral anaerobe Porphyromonas gingivalis were investigated. The results showed that eugenol, with content of 90.84% in CLEO, exhibited antibacterial activity against P. gingivalis at a concentration of 31.25 μM. Cell shrink and lysis caused by eugenol were observed with Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). The release of macromolecules and uptake of fluorescent dye indicated that the antibacterial activity was due to the ability of eugenol to permeabilize the cell membrane and destroy the integrity of plasmatic membrane irreversibly...
October 31, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101060/dispersal-of-single-and-mixed-non-albicans-candida-species-biofilms-by-%C3%AE-1-3-glucanase-in-vitro
#18
Yulong Tan, Matthias Leonhard, Su Ma, Doris Moser, Berit Schneider-Stickler
β-1,3-glucan plays a role in non-albicans Candida species biofilm formation and survival of biofilm Candida to stresses. In this study, we evaluated the antibiofilm activity of β-1,3-glucanase, which can degrade poly-β(1 → 3)-glucose of non-albicans Candida species biofilms, on single and mixed species biofilm of non-albicans Candida species, including Candida tropicalis, Candida parapsilosis and Candida krusei. Biofilm by all tested species in microplate were dispersed more than 60%. β-1,3-glucanase also detached mixed species biofilm in microplate and on medical material surface...
November 1, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094001/in-vitro-synergy-of-antibiotic-combinations-against-planktonic-and-biofilm-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#19
Hossein Ghorbani, Mohammad Yousef Memar, Fatemeh Yeganeh Sefidan, Mina Yekani, Reza Ghotaslou
Aim: The combination of different antimicrobial agents and subsequent synergetic effects may be beneficial in treatment of P. aeruginosa infections. The aim of the present study was to determine antibiotic susceptibility patterns of clinical isolates of P. aeruginosa and the effect of different antibiotic combinations against the multidrug-resistant (MDR), biofilm-producing bacterium P. aeruginosa. Methods: Thirty-six P. aeruginosa clinical isolates were evaluated. The disk diffusion method was performed to determine antibiotic susceptibility patterns according to the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) guidelines...
2017: GMS Hygiene and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091715/antiquorum-sensing-antibiofilm-formation-and-cytotoxicity-activity-of-commonly-used-medicinal-plants-by-inhabitants-of-borabu-sub-county-nyamira-county-kenya
#20
Eric Omori Omwenga, Andreas Hensel, Susana Pereira, Alfred Anakalo Shitandi, Francisco M Goycoolea
Productions of various bacterial traits like production of virulence factors (e.g. toxins, enzymes), biofilm formation, luminescence among others, have been known to be controlled by quorum sensing (QS), a process that is dependent on chemical signals or autoinducers (AIs). Bacteria known to rely on such AIs are known to be virulent and tend to be resistant against various antimicrobial agents. Therefore, strategies aimed at the inhibition of QS pathways, are regarded as potential novel therapies in managing bacterial virulence hence reducing their ability to induce infections in humans...
2017: PloS One
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