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Antibiofilm activity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099040/effect-of-bacoside-a-on-growth-and-biofilm-formation-by-staphylococcus-aureus-and-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#1
Debaprasad Parai, Ekramul Islam, Jayati Mitra, Samir Kumar Mukherjee
The goal of this study was to evaluate the antibiofilm and antimicrobial activities of Bacoside A, a formulation of phytochemicals from Bacopa monnieri, against Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, which are known to form biofilms as one of their virulence traits. The antimicrobial effects of Bacoside A were tested using the minimum inhibitory concentration and minimum bactericidal concentration assays. A cell membrane disruption assay was performed to find its possible target site. MTT assay, crystal violet assay, and microscopic studies were performed to assess the antibiofilm activity...
October 24, 2016: Canadian Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089949/melaleuca-alternifolia-nanoparticles-against-candida-species-biofilms
#2
M E Souza, L Q S Lopes, P C Bonez, A Gündel, D S T Martinez, M R Sagrillo, J L Giongo, R A Vaucher, R P Raffin, A A Boligon, R C V Santos
Candida infection is an important cause of morbidity and mortality on immunosuppressed patients. This growing trend has been associated with resistance to the antimicrobial therapy and the ability of microorganism to form biofilms. TTO oil is used as antimicrobial which shows antibiofilm activity against Candida species. However, it presents problems due to its poor solubility and high volatility. The present study aimed to evaluate in vitro antibiofilm activity of TTO nanoparticles against many Candida species...
January 12, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087493/antioxidant-and-antiproliferative-potential-of-biosurfactants-isolated-from-lactobacillus-casei-and-their-anti-biofilm-effect-in-oral-staphylococcus-aureus-strains
#3
Abderrahmen Merghni, Ines Dallel, Emira Noumi, Yassine Kadmi, Hajer Hentati, Samir Tobji, Adel Ben Amor, Maha Mastouri
Biosurfactants also called bioemulsifiers are amphipathic compounds produced by many microorganisms that allow them to exhibit a wide range of biological activities. The aim of this study was to determine the antioxidant and antiproliferative potential of biosurfactants isolated from Lactobacillus casei and to assess their anti-adhesive and anti-biofilm abilities against oral opportunistic Staphylococcus aureus strains. The antioxidant activity of biosurfactant was evaluated using the in vitro scavenging ability on 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical...
January 11, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065749/characterization-of-haloalkalophilic-organic-solvent-tolerant-protease-for-chitin-extraction-from-shrimp-shell-waste
#4
Thirumalai Maruthiah, Arunachalam Palavesam
Halophilic organic solvent tolerant protease (HOSP) producing Paracoccus saliphilus APCMST-CS5 was isolated from the marine sediment samples and identified through 16S rRNA sequence analysis. P. saliphilus APCMST-CS5 registered maximum HOSP production of 1,321.70U/ml in the medium contained the most significant parameters such as shrimp shell powder (SSP), CaCl2, NaCl, and sardinella powder (SP), obtained through Placket-Burman and Response Surface Methods. HOSP was further purified to 22.68 fold purity with 29...
January 5, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065676/rhamnolipids-from-non-pathogenic-burkholderia-thailandensis-e264-physicochemical-characterization-antimicrobial-and-antibiofilm-efficacy-against-oral-hygiene-related-pathogens
#5
Mohamed Elshikh, Scott Funston, Alif Chebbi, Syed Ahmed, Roger Marchant, Ibrahim M Banat
Biosurfactants are naturally occurring surface active compounds that have mainly been exploited for environmental applications and consumer products, with their biomedical efficacy an emerging area of research. Rhamnolipids area major group of biosurfactants that have been reported for their antimicrobial and antibiofilm efficacy. One of the main limiting factors for scaled up production and downstream applications of rhamnolipids is the fact that they are predominantly produced from the opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa...
January 5, 2017: New Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053782/dexamethasone-abrogates-the-antimicrobial-and-antibiofilm-activities-of-different-drugs-against-clinical-isolates-of-staphylococcus-aureus-and-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#6
Aquila Rodrigues, André Gomes, Pedro Henrique Ferreira Marçal, Marcus Vinícius Dias-Souza
Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa are part of the human microbiota and are also important bacterial pathogens, for which therapeutic options are lacking nowadays. The combined administration of corticosteroids and antimicrobials is commonly used in the treatment of infectious diseases to control inflammatory processes and to minimize potential toxicity of antimicrobials, avoiding sequelae. Although different pharmaceutical dosage forms of antimicrobials combined to corticosteroids are available, studies on the interference of corticosteroids on the pharmacological activity of antimicrobials are scarce and controversial...
January 2017: Journal of Advanced Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051303/tackling-fungal-resistance-by-biofilm-inhibitors
#7
Shanchao Wu, Yan Wang, Na Liu, Guoqiang Dong, Chunquan Sheng
The high incidence and mortality of invasive fungal infections and serious drug resistance have become a global public health issue. The ability of fungal cells to form biofilms is an important reason for the emergence of severe resistance to most clinically available antifungal agents. Targeting fungal biofilm formation by small molecules represents a promising new strategy for the development of novel antifungal agents. This perspective will provide a comprehensive review of fungal biofilm inhibitors. In particular, discovery strategies, chemical structures, antibiofilm/antifungal activities and structure-activity relationship studies will be discussed...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049050/montmorillonite-chitosan-chlorhexidine-composite-films-with-antibiofilm-activity-and-improved-cytotoxicity-for-wound-dressing
#8
Valeria Ambrogi, Donatella Pietrella, Morena Nocchetti, Serena Casagrande, Veronica Moretti, Stefania De Marco, Maurizio Ricci
HYPOTHESIS: Chlorhexidine (CLX) is a good antimicrobial agent, but its use in treatment of wounds is limited because of its cytotoxicity towards human fibroblasts. A delivery system, able to release CLX in a localized and prolonged manner, could guarantee antimicrobial activity with reduced cytotoxic. Thus in this work the preparation and characterization of chitosan/montmorillonite composite films containing CLX, able to offer a prolonged CLX release, is described. The antimicrobial and antibiofilm activities and cytotoxicity of films were investigated...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992189/cationic-amphiphilic-polymers-with-antimicrobial-activity-for-oral-care-applications-eradication-of-s-mutans-biofilm
#9
Haruko Takahashi, Enrico T Nadres, Kenichi Kuroda
The antibacterial and antibiofilm activities of cationic amphiphilic methacrylate polymers against cariogenic bacterium S. mutans were investigated. Cationic homopolymer PE0 and copolymer PE31 containing 31 mol % of ethyl methacrylate were synthesized by reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer polymerization. These polymers displayed bactericidal activity toward S. mutans and prevented biofilm formation by killing the planktonic bacteria. At a concentration of 1000 μg/mL when incubated for 2 h the polymers reduced >80% of biofilm biomass...
January 9, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983597/antibiofilm-activity-of-plant-polyphenols
#10
REVIEW
Lívia Slobodníková, Silvia Fialová, Katarína Rendeková, Ján Kováč, Pavel Mučaji
In the history of human medicine, antibiotics represent epochal examples of medical progress. However, with an approaching antibiotic crisis due to the emergence and extensive spread of antimicrobial resistance among bacterial agents, as well as to increasing number of patients with chronic and recalcitrant bacterial biofilm-associated infections, the naturally occurring molecules may become new sources of antibacterial and antibiofilm drugs for clinical usage. Polyphenols represent a class of plant natural products which are important in plant defense against microbial pathogens...
December 13, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982574/an-environmentally-benign-antimicrobial-coating-based-on-a-protein-supramolecular-assembly
#11
Jin Gu, Yajuan Su, Peng Liu, Peng Li, Peng Yang
The use of antimicrobial materials, for example, silver nanoparticles, has been a cause for concern because they often exert an adverse effect on environmental and safety during their preparation and use. In this study, we report a class of green antimicrobial coating based on a supramolecular assembly of a protein extracted from daily food, without the addition of any other hazardous agents. It is found that a self-assembled nanofilm by mere hen egg white lysozyme has durable in vitro and in vivo broad-spectrum antimicrobial efficacy against Gram-positive/negative and fungi...
December 23, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974734/anti-biofilm-and-anti-%C3%AE-lactamase-activities-of-burdock-root-extract-and-chlorogeneic-acid-against-klebsiella-pneumoniae
#12
Satish Kumar Rajasekharan, Samiraj Ramesh, Ann Susan Satish, Jintae Lee
Small phytochemicals have been successfully adopted as antibacterial chemotherapies and are being increasingly viewed as potential antibiofilm agents. Some of these molecules are known to repress biofilm and toxin production by certain bacterial and yeast pathogens, but information is lacking with regard to the genes allied with biofilm formation. The present study was performed to investigate the inhibitory effect of burdock root extract (BRE) and of chlorogenic acid (CGA; a component of BRE) on clinical isolates of Klebsiella pneumoniae...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939738/effect-of-the-association-of-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-and-antibiotic-drugs-on-antibiofilm-activity-and-ph-of-calcium-hydroxide-pastes
#13
Rafaela Pignatti de Freitas, Vanessa Raquel Greatti, Murilo Priori Alcalde, Bruno Cavalini Cavenago, Rodrigo Ricci Vivan, Marco Antonio Hungaro Duarte, Ana Carolina Villas Bôas Weckwerth, Paulo Henrique Weckwerth
INTRODUCTION: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the in vitro antibiofilm activity and pH of calcium hydroxide associated with different nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). METHODS: The groups analyzed were as follows: group 1, calcium hydroxide paste with propylene glycol; group 2, calcium hydroxide paste with propylene glycol + 5% diclofenac sodium; group 3, calcium hydroxide paste with propylene glycol + 5% ibuprofen; group 4, calcium hydroxide paste with propylene glycol + 5% ciprofloxacin; and group 6, positive control (without medication)...
January 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935124/erythritol-chlorhexidine-combination-reduces-microbial-biofilm-and-prevents-its-formation-on-titanium-surfaces-in-vitro
#14
Lorenzo Drago, Monica Bortolin, Silvio Taschieri, Elena De Vecchi, Serse Agrappi, Massimo Del Fabbro, Luca Francetti, Roberto Mattina
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the antibiofilm activity of a novel air polishing powder consisting of erythritol and chlorhexidine, assessing its ability to reduce previously grown microbial biofilm and to prevent biofilm formation on titanium surfaces. METHODS: Clinical strains of Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Bacteroides fragilis and Candida albicans isolated from peri-implantitis lesions were used. Biofilm was grown on sandblasted titanium discs and treated with erythritol/chlorhexidine...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922746/plant-extracts-initial-screening-identification-of-bioactive-compounds-and-effect-against-candida-albicans-biofilms
#15
Fernanda Lourenção Brighenti, Marcos José Salvador, Aline Vidal Lacerda Gontijo, Alberto Carlos Botazzo Delbem, Ádina Cléia Botazzo Delbem, Cristina Pacheco Soares, Maria Alcionéia Carvalho de Oliveira, Camila Miorelli Girondi, Cristiane Yumi Koga-Ito
AIM: This study screened plants from Brazilian Pantanal for Candida albicans antibiofilm activity. MATERIAL & METHODS: Sixty extracts were obtained from ten plants using different extraction methods. Antifungal activity was assessed. Effects on biofilm inhibition and disruption and cytotoxicity were also evaluated. The most active extract was chemically characterized. RESULTS:  Buchenavia tomentosa ethanolic extract showed noticeable antifungal activity and was selected for biofilm experiments...
January 2017: Future Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902776/inhibition-of-candida-albicans-biofilm-formation-by-the-synthetic-lactoferricin-derived-peptide-hlf1-11
#16
Paola Morici, Roberta Fais, Cosmeri Rizzato, Arianna Tavanti, Antonella Lupetti
The aim of this study was to evaluate the in vitro activity of the synthetic peptide hLF1-11 against biofilm produced by clinical isolates of Candida albicans with different fluconazole susceptibility. The antibiofilm activity of the peptide hLF1-11 was assessed in terms of reduction of biofilm cellular density, metabolic activity and sessile cell viability. The extent of morphogenesis in hLF1-11 treated and untreated biofilms was also investigated microscopically. Transcription levels of genes related to cell adhesion, hyphal development and extracellular matrix production were analysed by qRT-PCR in hLF1-11 treated and untreated biofilms...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864804/activity-of-norspermidine-on-bacterial-biofilms-of-multidrug-resistant-clinical-isolates-associated-with-persistent-extremity-wound-infections
#17
Anthony P Cardile, Ronald L Woodbury, Carlos J Sanchez, Sandra C Becerra, Rebecca A Garcia, Katrin Mende, Joseph C Wenke, Kevin S Akers
Biofilm formation is a major virulence factor for numerous pathogenic bacteria and is cited as a central event in the pathogenesis of chronic human infections, which is in large part due to excessive extracellular matrix secretion and metabolic changes that occur within the biofilm rendering them highly tolerant to antimicrobial treatments. Polyamines, including norspermidine, play central roles in bacterial biofilm development, but have also recently been shown to inhibit biofilm formation in select strains of various pathogenic bacteria...
November 19, 2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864779/activity-of-novel-inhibitors-of-staphylococcus-aureus-biofilms
#18
Seung-Gyun Woo, So-Yeon Lee, So-Min Lee, Kyoung-Hee Lim, Eun-Ju Ha, Yong-Bin Eom
Staphylococcus aureus is one of the most important pathogens causing chronic biofilm infections. These are becoming more difficult to treat owing to drug resistance, particularly because S. aureus biofilms limit the efficacy of antimicrobial agents, leading to high morbidity and mortality. In the present study, we screened for inhibitors of S. aureus biofilm formation using a natural product library from the Korea Chemical Bank (KCB). Screening by crystal violet-based biomass staining assay identified hit compounds...
November 18, 2016: Folia Microbiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862685/topical-application-of-probiotics-in-skin-adhesion-antimicrobial-and-antibiofilm-in%C3%A2-vitro-assays
#19
E G Lopes, D A Moreira, P Gullón, B Gullón, A Cardelle-Cobas, F K Tavaria
AIMS: When skin dysbiosis occurs as a result of skin disorders, probiotics can act as modulators, restoring microbial balance. Several properties of selected probiotics were evaluated so that their topical application could be considered. METHODS AND RESULTS: Adhesion, antimicrobial, quorum sensing and antibiofilm assays were carried out with several probiotic strains and tested against selected skin pathogens. All tested strains displayed significant adhesion to keratin...
November 12, 2016: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856271/antimicrobial-antitrypanosomal-and-antibiofilm-activity-of-equisetum-hyemale
#20
Camilla Filippi Dos Santos Alves, Pauline Cordenonsi Bonez, Marcia de Ebling de Souza, Ritiel Corrêa da Cruz, Aline Augusti Boligon, Mariana Piana, Thiele Facim Brum, Grazielle Guidolin Rossi, Roberta da Silva Jesus, Thirssa Helena Grando, Silvia Gonzalez Monteiro, Marli Matiko Anraku de Campos, Janice Luering Giongo, Roberto Christ Vianna Santos
This study evaluates, for the first time, the antibiofilm, antimicrobial and antiparasitic potential of crude extract and fractions of stems of Equisetum hyemale against several infectious agents (bacteria, fungi, Mycobacterium and Trypanosomes) by broth microdilution technique and investigates the phenolic composition of the plant by high performance liquid chromatography. The crude extract and fractions showed antimicrobial activity, as they were capable of inhibiting the growth of bacteria in minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) ranging from 52...
December 2016: Microbial Pathogenesis
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