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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509667/evaluation-of-hippocampal-infolding-angle-and-incomplete-hippocampal-inversion-in-pediatric-patients-with-epilepsy-and-febrile-seizures
#1
Mehtap Beker Acay, Reşit Köken, Ebru Ünlü, Emre Kaçar, Çınar Balçık
PURPOSE: We aimed to investigate the frequency of incomplete hippocampal inversion (IHI) and the hippocampal infolding angle (HIA) in pediatric patients with no additional abnormal findings in the brain. METHODS: Pediatric brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations conducted between September 2012 and February 2015 were screened and 83 patients with epilepsy, 49 patients with febrile convulsion, and 74 control patients were included in this retrospective study...
May 16, 2017: Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology: Official Journal of the Turkish Society of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493487/effect-of-starvation-and-refeeding-on-the-hepatopancreas-of-whiteleg-shrimp-penaeus-vannamei-boone-using-computer-assisted-image-analysis
#2
F Cervellione, C McGurk, T Berger Eriksen, W Van den Broeck
Under normal farming conditions, shrimp can experience starvation periods attributable to disease outbreaks or adverse environmental conditions. Starvation leads to significant morphological changes in the hepatopancreas (HP), being the main organ for absorption and storage of nutrients. In the literature, limited research has described the effect on the HP of periods of starvation followed by refeeding and none in whiteleg shrimp (Penaeus vannamei) using computer-assisted image analysis (CAIA). This study describes the effect of starvation and starvation followed by refeeding on the HP of whiteleg shrimp using CAIA...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Fish Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482734/is-hia-the-most-effective-tool-to-assess-the-impact-on-health-of-climate-change-mitigation-policies-at-the-local-level-a-case-study-in-geneva-switzerland
#3
Thierno Diallo, Nicola Cantoreggi, Jean Simos, Derek P T H Christie
This study aims to understand how the health dimension is integrated into four impact assessment tools used in Geneva, Switzerland: environmental impact assessment (EIA), strategic environmental assessment (SEA), sustainability assessment (SA) and health impact assessment (HIA). We have chosen as a case study greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction policies chosen by the city of Geneva. The methodological approach consists in analysing EIA, SEA, SA and HIA conducted on three projects in three topic areas: urban planning, heating and transportation...
May 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436297/health-impact-assessment-hia-of-political-proposals-at-the-local-level-successful-introduction-but-what-has-happened-15-years-later
#4
Karin Berensson, Per Tillgren
Health impact assessments (HIAs) were first introduced in Sweden in the mid-to-late 1990s, with the aim of placing health issues on the political agenda and helping to reduce health inequalities. In the early 2000s, HIAs entered a second phase and the Swedish Parliament adopted a national public health policy. A national survey conducted in 2001 showed that 10/289 municipalities had begun to use HIA and 55/289 had decided to use HIA or had initiated an adoption process. In a 2013 follow-up study based on a strategic sample of municipalities, 9/36 municipalities reported using HIA and/or similar tools...
April 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425750/modeling-alloantibody-formation-to-high-incidence-red-blood-cell-antigens-in-immune-responders-using-genotypic-data
#5
Patricia A R Brunker, Keerthana Ravindran, R S Shirey
Alloimmunization to red blood cell antigens is unpredictable and poorly understood. Patients who are negative for high-incidence antigens (HIAs) are at risk for developing the corresponding antibodies. Molecular methods can easily predict the lack of an antigen and thus, the risk of an individual to become immunized. We examined the prevalence and risk factors for HIA alloimmunization in patients at risk based on genotyping results. Genotyping using a molecular method (HEA BeadChip™, Immucor, Warren, NJ) was performed on all patient specimens referred for molecular testing over 45 months; serologic and clinical data were analyzed...
January 2017: Immunohematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389127/participatory-quantitative-health-impact-assessment-of-urban-and-transport-planning-in-cities-a-review-and-research-needs
#6
REVIEW
Mark J Nieuwenhuijsen, Haneen Khreis, Ersilia Verlinghieri, Natalie Mueller, David Rojas-Rueda
INTRODUCTION: Urban and transport planning have large impacts on public health, but these are generally not explicitly considered and/or quantified, partly because there are no comprehensive models, methods and tools readily available. Air pollution, noise, temperature, green space, motor vehicle crashes and physical activity are important pathways linking urban and transport planning and public health. For policy decision-making, it is important to understand and be able to quantify the full-chain from source through pathways to health effects and impacts to substantiate and effectively target actions...
June 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381797/development-of-cassette-pampa-for-permeability-screening
#7
Mun Hwan Oh, Hye Jin Lee, Sang Hyun Jo, Bernie Byunghoon Park, Sae-Bom Park, Eun-Yeong Kim, Yuanyuan Zhou, Young Ho Jeon, Kiho Lee
The parallel artificial membrane permeability assay (PAMPA) is widely used in early-stage drug discovery to discriminate compounds by intestinal permeability. The purpose of the current study was to establish a cassette (n-in-1) PAMPA to enable permeability screening of lipophilic compounds. A double-sink PAMPA consisting of a pH gradient (i.e., pH 6.5 and 7.4 for the donor and receiver compartments, respectively) and a lipophilic sink (i.e., a surfactant in the receiver solution) was utilized with cassette incubation of 10 reference compounds...
2017: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379092/exploration-of-the-functions-of-health-impact-assessment-in-real-world-policymaking-in-the-field-of-social-health-inequality-towards-a-conception-of-conceptual-learning
#8
Gille Feyaerts, Murielle Deguerry, Patrick Deboosere, Myriam De Spiegelaere
With the implementation of health impact assessment (HIA)'s conceptual model into real-world policymaking, a number of fundamental issues arise concerning its decision-support function. Rooted in a rational vision of the decision-making process, focus regarding both conceptualisation and evaluation has been mainly on the function of instrumental policy-learning. However, in the field of social health inequalities, this function is strongly limited by the intrinsic 'wickedness' of the policy issue. Focusing almost exclusively on this instrumental function, the real influence HIA can have on policymaking in the longer term is underestimated and remains largely unexploited...
April 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369218/emergence-of-invasive-haemophilus-influenzae-type-a-disease-in-italy
#9
Maria Giufrè, Rita Cardines, Gioconda Brigante, Francesca Orecchioni, Marina Cerquetti
We report on the first detection of 2 cases of invasive Haemophilus influenzae type a (Hia) disease in Italy. The cases were sustained by the same Hia "strain" belonging to the ST23 clone that has previously been reported only outside Europe. The emergence of invasive Hia disease is of concern.
June 1, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361156/mapping-acute-coronary-syndrome-registries-to-snomed-ct-a-comparative-study-between-malaysia-and-sweden
#10
Ismat Mohd Sulaiman, Daniel Karlsson, Sabine Koch
BACKGROUND: Malaysia and Sweden have mapped their acute coronary syndrome registries using SNOMED CT. Since similar-purposed patient registries can be expected to collect similar data, these data should be mapped to the same SNOMED CT codes despite the different languages used. Previous studies have however shown variations in mapping between different mappers but the reasons behind these variations and the influence of different mapping approaches are still unknown. OBJECTIVES: To analyze similar-purposed registries and their registry-to-SNOMED CT maps, using two national acute coronary syndrome registries as examples, to understand the reasons for mapping similarities and differences as well as their implications...
March 31, 2017: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359397/health-impact-assessment-as-an-instrument-to-examine-the-health-implications-of-education-policies
#11
J Pharr, M Gakh, C Coughenour, S Clark
OBJECTIVES: Health impact assessment (HIA) is a systematic process that can be used by public health professionals to examine the potential health effects of a policy, plan, program, or project that originates outside of the health sector. This article presents a case study of how an interdisciplinary team utilized an HIA to analyze the potential health impact of full-day kindergarten (FDK) on communities in Nevada. STUDY DESIGN: Case study. METHODS: With stakeholder and community engagement, we conducted a multistage HIA that included qualitative and quantitative data collection and analysis, a review of existing literature, and projections...
April 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357859/electrostatic-repulsion-between-unique-arginine-residues-is-essential-for-the-efficient-in-vitro-assembly-of-the-transmembrane-domain-of-a-trimeric-autotransporter
#12
Eriko Aoki, Daisuke Sato, Kazuo Fujiwara, Masamichi Ikeguchi
Haemophilus influenzae adhesin (Hia) belongs to the trimeric autotransporter family and mediates the adherence of these bacteria to the epithelial cells of host organisms. Hia contains a passenger and a transmembrane domain. The transmembrane domain forms a 12-stranded β-barrel in which four strands are provided by each subunit. The β-barrel has a pore that is traversed by three α-helices. This domain has a unique arginine cluster, in which the side chains of the three arginine residues located at position 1077 (Arg1077) protrude into the pore of the β-barrel...
April 18, 2017: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353403/the-urgent-need-for-health-impact-assessment-proposing-a-transdisciplinary-approach-to-the-e-waste-crisis-in-sub-saharan-africa
#13
Dinah Tetteh, Lara Lengel
Electronic waste (e-waste) is a growing health and environmental concern in developing countries. In the sub-Saharan African region e-waste is considered a crisis with no end in sight yet; there is lack of structures and regulations to manage the problem. In this article, we discuss the potential of Health Impact Assessment (HIA) in addressing the health, environmental, and social impacts of e-waste in sub-Saharan Africa. We draw from environmental policy, environmental communication, global health policy, and health communication to argue that managing e-waste could be framed as ongoing HIA where all the steps of HIA are performed on a rolling basis with input from local communities...
March 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338613/slum-upgrading-and-health-equity
#14
Jason Corburn, Alice Sverdlik
Informal settlement upgrading is widely recognized for enhancing shelter and promoting economic development, yet its potential to improve health equity is usually overlooked. Almost one in seven people on the planet are expected to reside in urban informal settlements, or slums, by 2030. Slum upgrading is the process of delivering place-based environmental and social improvements to the urban poor, including land tenure, housing, infrastructure, employment, health services and political and social inclusion...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335490/monitoring-of-selected-health-indicators-in-children-living-in-a-copper-mine-development-area-in-northwestern-zambia
#15
Astrid M Knoblauch, Mark J Divall, Milka Owuor, Colleen Archer, Kennedy Nduna, Harrison Ng'uni, Gertrude Musunka, Anna Pascall, Jürg Utzinger, Mirko S Winkler
The epidemiology of malaria, anaemia and malnutrition in children is potentially altered in mining development areas. In a copper extraction project in northwestern Zambia, a health impact assessment (HIA) was commissioned to predict, manage and monitor health impacts. Two cross-sectional surveys were conducted: at baseline prior to project development (2011) and at four years into development (2015). Prevalence of Plasmodium falciparum, anaemia and stunting were assessed in under-five-year-old children, while hookworm infection was assessed in children aged 9-14 years in communities impacted and comparison communities not impacted by the project...
March 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202923/lessons-learnt-from-developing-a-health-impact-assessment-guide-in-iran
#16
Ali Fakhri, Patrick Harris, Mohammadreza Maleki
For others wishing to develop Health Impact Assessment (HIA) guides (manuals) and to adjust them to conditions in their countries, we draw lessons from developing an HIA guide in Iran. We derive the lessons from our research comparing HIA guides found in the international literature and our experiences in adapting international experience to an HIA model for Iran that incorporates Iranian experts' opinions.
December 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196501/taking-multi-morbidity-into-account-when-attributing-dalys-to-risk-factors-comparing-dynamic-modeling-with-the-gbd2010-calculation-method
#17
Hendriek C Boshuizen, Wilma J Nusselder, Marjanne H D Plasmans, Henk H Hilderink, Bianca E P Snijders, René Poos, Coen H van Gool
BACKGROUND: Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) quantify the loss of healthy years of life due to dying prematurely and due to living with diseases and injuries. Current methods of attributing DALYs to underlying risk factors fall short on two main points. First, risk factor attribution methods often unjustly apply incidence-based population attributable fractions (PAFs) to prevalence-based data. Second, it mixes two conceptually distinct approaches targeting different goals, namely an attribution method aiming to attribute uniquely to a single cause, and an elimination method aiming to describe a counterfactual situation without exposure...
February 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183034/effects-of-chemical-cleaning-on-ro-membrane-inorganic-organic-and-microbial-foulant-removal-in-a-full-scale-plant-for-municipal-wastewater-reclamation
#18
Tong Yu, Lu Meng, Qing-Bo Zhao, Ye Shi, Hong-Ying Hu, Yun Lu
Of all of the strategies for controlling reverse osmosis (RO) membrane fouling, chemical cleaning is indispensable. To study the effects of chemical cleaning on membrane foulant removal, a comparative analysis of RO membranes before and after common alkaline and acid cleaning was conducted by dissecting lead and terminal RO membranes in a full-scale municipal wastewater reclamation plant. Most foulants on the membranes were removed by chemical cleaning processes. Calcium was the major inorganic component of the foulants because of its highest concentration in the feed water...
April 15, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180268/hia-in-switzerland-strategies-for-achieving-health-in-all-policies
#19
Thomas Mattig, Nicola Cantoreggi, Jean Simos, Catherine Favre Kruit, Derek P T H Christie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125993/health-impact-assessment-of-indira-sagar-project-a-paramount-to-studies-on-water-development-projects
#20
Anushrita, B N Nagpal, Neera Kapoor, Aruna Srivastava, Rekha Saxena, Shailendra Singh, Sanjeev Gupta, Sompal Singh, Kumar Vikram, Neena Valecha
BACKGROUND: Very limited studies on Health Impact Assessment (HIA) of Water Development Projects (WDP) in relation to mosquito-borne diseases have been carried out in India. The current study focuses on using HIA as a tool for finding impact of Indira Sagar Project, Madhya Pradesh on human health in relation to mosquito borne diseases, and emphasizing its incorporation as an integral part of any WDP. METHODS: Screening, scoping, assessment, recommendation, reporting, and evaluation were carried out in selected study areas...
January 26, 2017: Malaria Journal
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