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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715880/effects-of-acute-high-intensity-resistance-exercise-on-cognitive-function-and-oxygenation-in-prefrontal-cortex
#1
Hyukki Chang, Kyungae Kim, Yu-Jin Jung, Morimasa Kato
PURPOSE: Moderate-intensity exercise is known to be the best effective intensity to enhance cognitive function, including memory and learning. However, the effects of high-intensity exercise in comparison with moderate- intensity exercise on cognitive function remain controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of high-intensity resistance exercise on cognitive function. METHODS: Thirty-six healthy female college students volunteered to participate in this study...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711845/the-impact-of-synoptic-circulation-on-air-quality-and-pollution-related-human-health-in-the-yangtze-river-delta-region
#2
Zhiheng Liao, Meng Gao, Jiaren Sun, Shaojia Fan
PM2.5 and O3 pollution are of concern for the Yangtze River Delta (YRD) region due to their adverse impact on human health. In conjunction with a complex distribution of emission sources, the synoptic circulation conditions control the temporal and spatial variability of air pollution levels and hence the pollution-related health burdens. In this study, a long-term synoptic circulation catalogue is developed by applying the automated Lamb weather type method to the ECMWF mean sea level pressure reanalysis for the YRD region during 2013-2016...
July 13, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698462/using-health-impact-assessment-as-an-interdisciplinary-teaching-tool
#3
REVIEW
Melissa Chinchilla, Mariana C Arcaya
Health Impact Assessment (HIA) courses are teaching public health and urban planning students how to assess the likely health effects of proposed policies, plans, and projects. We suggest that public health and urban planning have complimentary frameworks for training practitioners to address the living conditions that affect health. Planning perspectives emphasize practical skills for impacting community change, while public health stresses professional purpose and ethics. Frameworks from both disciplines can enhance the HIA learning experience by helping students tackle questions related to community impact, engagement, social justice, and ethics...
July 8, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679442/predicting-two-year-survival-versus-non-survival-after-first-myocardial-infarction-using-machine-learning-and-swedish-national-register-data
#4
John Wallert, Mattia Tomasoni, Guy Madison, Claes Held
BACKGROUND: Machine learning algorithms hold potential for improved prediction of all-cause mortality in cardiovascular patients, yet have not previously been developed with high-quality population data. This study compared four popular machine learning algorithms trained on unselected, nation-wide population data from Sweden to solve the binary classification problem of predicting survival versus non-survival 2 years after first myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS: This prospective national registry study for prognostic accuracy validation of predictive models used data from 51,943 complete first MI cases as registered during 6 years (2006-2011) in the national quality register SWEDEHEART/RIKS-HIA (90% coverage of all MIs in Sweden) with follow-up in the Cause of Death register (> 99% coverage)...
July 5, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666758/the-changing-epidemiology-of-invasive-haemophilus-influenzae-disease-emergence-and-global-presence-of-serotype-a-strains-that-may-require-a-new-vaccine-for-control
#5
Raymond S W Tsang, Marina Ulanova
BACKGROUND: More than two decades after the implementation of the Hib conjugate vaccine in North America, Haemophilus influenzae serotype a (Hia) has emerged as a significant cause of invasive disease in Indigenous communities. However, little is known about the global presence of this pathogen. METHODS: We interrogated the H. influenzae Multi-Locus Sequence Typing (MLST) website (https://pubmlst.org/hinfluenzae/) by selecting for serotype a records. We also updated our previous literature review on this subject matter...
June 27, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664028/a-case-of-acute-isolated-posterior-cerebral-artery-occlusion-successfully-treated-with-endovascular-clot-aspiration
#6
Taiki Yamamoto, Tomotaka Ohshima, Masaki Sato, Shunsaku Goto, Kojiro Ishikawa, Toshihisa Nishizawa, Shinji Shimato, Kyozo Kato
Posterior cerebral artery (PCA) strokes produce various symptoms. Therefore, the diagnosis is often delayed and patients arrive late for thrombolytic therapy. We report a case of acute isolated PCA occlusion that was successfully treated with endovascular clot aspiration. A 63-year-old man presented with right complete homonymous hemianopia. Diffusion-weighted image (DWI) showed a high-intensity area (HIA) in the occipital lobe, and magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) showed PCA occlusion. Emergency endovascular clot aspiration was performed immediately after the diagnosis...
April 2017: NMC Case Rep J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663217/a-video-analysis-of-head-injuries-satisfying-the-criteria-for-a-head-injury-assessment-in-professional-rugby-union-a-prospective-cohort-study
#7
Ross Tucker, Martin Raftery, Gordon Ward Fuller, Ben Hester, Simon Kemp, Matthew J Cross
OBJECTIVES: Concussion is the most common match injury in professional Rugby Union, accounting for 25% of match injuries. The primary prevention of head injuries requires that the injury mechanism be known so that interventions can be targeted to specifically overall incidence by focusing on characteristics with the greatest propensity to cause a head injury. METHODS: 611 head injury assessment (HIA) events in professional Rugby Union over a 3-year period were analysed, with specific reference to match events, position, time and nature of head contact...
June 29, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660129/haemophilus-influenzae-peritonitis-in-a-girl-on-automated-peritoneal-dialysis-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#8
Taketo Otsuka, Hiroya Hasegawa, Takeshi Yamada, Utako Kaneko, Akihiko Saitoh
Haemophilus influenzae is a rare cause of peritonitis in patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD). We report a case of peritonitis due to non-typeable H. influenzae in a 5-year-old girl on automated PD. The patient was successfully treated with intraperitoneal cefepime and cefazolin. The isolate was multilocus sequence type 3 and contained the hmw and hia genes but was IS1016-negative. Seven of the eight reported cases were female, indicating that sex-associated factors may be important in H. influenzae peritonitis in patients on PD...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642222/risk-factors-for-head-injury-events-in-professional-rugby-union-a-video-analysis-of-464-head-injury-events-to-inform-proposed-injury-prevention-strategies
#9
Ross Tucker, Martin Raftery, Simon Kemp, James Brown, Gordon Fuller, Ben Hester, Matthew Cross, Ken Quarrie
OBJECTIVES: The tackle is responsible for the majority of head injuries during rugby union. In order to address head injury risk, risk factors during the tackle must first be identified. This study analysed tackle characteristics in the professional game in order to inform potential interventions. METHODS: 464 tackles resulting in a head injury assessment (HIA) were analysed in detail, with tackle type, direction, speed, acceleration, nature of head contact and player body position the characteristics of interest...
June 22, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640770/physiological-responses-and-time-motion-analysis-of-small-combat-games-in-kickboxing-impact-of-ring-size-and-number-of-within-round-sparring-partners
#10
Ibrahim Ouergui, Nizar Houcine, Hamza Marzouki, Philip Davis, Emerson Franchini, Nabil Gmada, Ezzedine Bouhlel
Ouergui, I, Houcine, N, Marzouki, H, Davis, P, Franchini, E, Gmada, N, and Bouhlel, E. Physiological responses and time-motion analysis of small combat games in kickboxing: impact of ring size and number of within-round sparring partners. J Strength Cond Res 31(7): 1840-1846, 2017-The study aimed to investigate the physiological responses and time-structure of small combat games (SCGs) in kickboxing according to ring sizes and number of sparring partners. Twenty athletes from regional (n = 13) and national levels (n = 7) participated in the study (mean ± SD, age: 20...
July 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627146/-hia-guidelines-the-report-of-the-italian-national-institute-for-health-forgets-epidemiology
#11
Fabrizio Bianchi, Carla Ancona, Ennio Cadum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608826/transportation-matters-a-health-impact-assessment-in-rural-new-mexico
#12
Michelle Del Rio, William L Hargrove, Joe Tomaka, Marcelo Korc
This Health Impact Assessment (HIA) informed the decision of expanding public transportation services to rural, low income communities of southern Doña Ana County, New Mexico on the U.S./Mexico border. The HIA focused on impacts of access to health care services, education, and economic development opportunities. Qualitative and quantitative data were collected from surveys of community members, key informant interviews, a focus group with community health workers, and passenger surveys during an initial introduction of the transit system...
June 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584487/modulatory-effects-of-decalepis-hamiltonii-extract-and-its-compounds-on-the-antioxidant-status-of-the-aging-rat-brain
#13
Ramachandregowda Sowbhagya, Siddhaghatta Kariyappa Anupama, Dundaiah Bhagyalakshmi, Santosh Anand, Tekupalli Ravikiran
OBJECTIVE: The present study was aimed to investigate the neuroprotective effects of Decalepis hamiltonii (Dh) aqueous root extract and its compounds against age-related oxidative stress (OS) in the discrete regions of the rat brain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Male Wistar albino rats of 4- and 22-month-old were divided into control and six supplemented groups. The supplemented groups were orally administered with ellagic acid (EA), 4-hydroxyisophthalic acid (4-HIA), and Dh extract for 30 days...
January 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537089/federated-health-information-architecture-enabling-healthcare-providers-and-policymakers-to-use-data-for-decision-making
#14
Manish Kumar, Javed Mostafa, Rohit Ramaswamy
Health information systems (HIS) in India, as in most other developing countries, support public health management but fail to enable healthcare providers to use data for delivering quality services. Such a failure is surprising, given that the population healthcare data that the system collects are aggregated from patient records. An important reason for this failure is that the health information architecture (HIA) of the HIS is designed primarily to serve the information needs of policymakers and program managers...
January 1, 2017: HIM Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535718/health-impact-assessment-on-urban-development-projects-in-france-finding-pathways-to-fit-practice-to-context
#15
Anne Roué-Le Gall, Françoise Jabot
In France, there is increasing interest in health impact assessments (HIAs) and most are performed on urban projects. The field of expertise is still under development and mostly established within the public health sector. To date, in France, all HIAs conducted in urban planning are stand-alone HIAs disconnected from the required environmental impact assessment (EIA). The paper opens with an introduction of the close and complex relationship between health and urban planning, HIA and a description of key elements needed for understanding the French context...
June 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509667/evaluation-of-hippocampal-infolding-angle-and-incomplete-hippocampal-inversion-in-pediatric-patients-with-epilepsy-and-febrile-seizures
#16
Mehtap Beker Acay, Reşit Köken, Ebru Ünlü, Emre Kaçar, Çınar Balçık
PURPOSE: We aimed to investigate the frequency of incomplete hippocampal inversion (IHI) and the hippocampal infolding angle (HIA) in pediatric patients with no additional abnormal findings in the brain. METHODS: Pediatric brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations conducted between September 2012 and February 2015 were screened and 83 patients with epilepsy, 49 patients with febrile convulsion, and 74 control patients were included in this retrospective study...
May 16, 2017: Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology: Official Journal of the Turkish Society of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493487/effect-of-starvation-and-refeeding-on-the-hepatopancreas-of-whiteleg-shrimp-penaeus-vannamei-boone-using-computer-assisted-image-analysis
#17
F Cervellione, C McGurk, T Berger Eriksen, W Van den Broeck
Under normal farming conditions, shrimp can experience starvation periods attributable to disease outbreaks or adverse environmental conditions. Starvation leads to significant morphological changes in the hepatopancreas (HP), being the main organ for absorption and storage of nutrients. In the literature, limited research has described the effect on the HP of periods of starvation followed by refeeding and none in whiteleg shrimp (Penaeus vannamei) using computer-assisted image analysis (CAIA). This study describes the effect of starvation and starvation followed by refeeding on the HP of whiteleg shrimp using CAIA...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Fish Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482734/is-hia-the-most-effective-tool-to-assess-the-impact-on-health-of-climate-change-mitigation-policies-at-the-local-level-a-case-study-in-geneva-switzerland
#18
Thierno Diallo, Nicola Cantoreggi, Jean Simos, Derek P T H Christie
This study aims to understand how the health dimension is integrated into four impact assessment tools used in Geneva, Switzerland: environmental impact assessment (EIA), strategic environmental assessment (SEA), sustainability assessment (SA) and health impact assessment (HIA). We have chosen as a case study greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction policies chosen by the city of Geneva. The methodological approach consists in analysing EIA, SEA, SA and HIA conducted on three projects in three topic areas: urban planning, heating and transportation...
June 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436297/health-impact-assessment-hia-of-political-proposals-at-the-local-level-successful-introduction-but-what-has-happened-15-years-later
#19
Karin Berensson, Per Tillgren
Health impact assessments (HIAs) were first introduced in Sweden in the mid-to-late 1990s, with the aim of placing health issues on the political agenda and helping to reduce health inequalities. In the early 2000s, HIAs entered a second phase and the Swedish Parliament adopted a national public health policy. A national survey conducted in 2001 showed that 10/289 municipalities had begun to use HIA and 55/289 had decided to use HIA or had initiated an adoption process. In a 2013 follow-up study based on a strategic sample of municipalities, 9/36 municipalities reported using HIA and/or similar tools...
June 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425750/modeling-alloantibody-formation-to-high-incidence-red-blood-cell-antigens-in-immune-responders-using-genotypic-data
#20
Patricia A R Brunker, Keerthana Ravindran, R S Shirey
Alloimmunization to red blood cell antigens is unpredictable and poorly understood. Patients who are negative for high-incidence antigens (HIAs) are at risk for developing the corresponding antibodies. Molecular methods can easily predict the lack of an antigen and thus, the risk of an individual to become immunized. We examined the prevalence and risk factors for HIA alloimmunization in patients at risk based on genotyping results. Genotyping using a molecular method (HEA BeadChip™, Immucor, Warren, NJ) was performed on all patient specimens referred for molecular testing over 45 months; serologic and clinical data were analyzed...
January 2017: Immunohematology
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