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Nunzia Linzalone, Alessio Coi, Paolo Lauriola, Daniela Luise, Alessandra Pedone, Roberto Romizi, Domenico Sallese, Fabrizio Bianchi
The lack of participatory tools in Health Impact Assessment (HIA) to support decision-makers is a critical factor that negatively affects the impacts of waste policies. This study describes the participatory HIA used in deciding on the possible doubling of the municipal solid waste incinerating plant located near the city of Arezzo, Italy. Within the framework of the new waste management plan, a methodology for the democratic participation of stakeholders was designed adopting the Local Agenda 21 methodology...
October 8, 2016: Waste Management
Iee Lee Hia, Pooria Pasbakhsh, Eng-Seng Chan, Siang-Piao Chai
Alginate microcapsules containing epoxy resin were developed through electrospraying method and embedded into epoxy matrix to produce a capsule-based self-healing composite system. These formaldehyde free alginate/epoxy microcapsules were characterized via light microscope, field emission scanning electron microscope, fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analysis. Results showed that epoxy resin was successfully encapsulated within alginate matrix to form porous (multi-core) microcapsules with pore size ranged from 5-100 μm...
October 3, 2016: Scientific Reports
Ronald Labonté, Ashley Schram, Arne Ruckert
BACKGROUND: Negotiations surrounding the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) trade and investment agreement have recently concluded. Although trade and investment agreements, part of a broader shift to global economic integration, have been argued to be vital to improved economic growth, health, and general welfare, these agreements have increasingly come under scrutiny for their direct and indirect health impacts. METHODS: We conducted a prospective health impact analysis to identify and assess a selected array of potential health risks of the TPP...
April 17, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
A Costa, M Cortes, C Sena, E Nunes, P Nogueira, T Shivaji
The World Health Organization recommend the Equity-Focused Health Impact Assessment (HIA) as a means to assess the impact of social and economic policies on the health of populations, and acknowledges their contribution to health inequality. We describe the application of the Equity-focused Impact Assessment methodology on the Portuguese law on Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control (Law No. 37/2007). A rapid assessment was carried out to issue recommendations which could be incorporated into the law during a revision in 2014...
October 2, 2016: Health Promotion International
Juliano Fernandes-da-Silva, Carlo Castagna, Anderson Santiago Teixeira, Lorival José Carminatti, Luiz Guilherme Antonacci Guglielmo
The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between the peak velocity derived from the Carminatti Test (T-CAR) (PVT-CAR) and physical match performance in young soccer players. Thirty-three youth soccer players were recruited from 2 non-professional clubs. Friendly matches and small-sided game were performed. Physical match demands were assessed using Global Positioning System (GPS) technology. On a separate occasion, the players were submitted to the T-CAR. Players were categorised into 3 groups based on their T-CAR performance: Low (PVT-CAR ≤ P33), Intermediate (P33 > PVT-CAR < P66) and High (PVT-CAR ≥ P66)...
August 10, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
Nancy Goff, Kerry Wyss, Arthur Wendel, Paul Jarris
CONTEXT: Health Impact Assessment (HIA) has emerged as a promising tool to integrate health considerations into decision making. The growth and success of HIA practice in the United States will be dependent on building the capacity of practitioners. OBJECTIVE: This article seeks to identify the role of state health agencies (SHAs) in building capacity for conducting HIAs and the key components of initiatives that produced effective HIAs and HIA programs. The authors proposed to answer 3 research questions: (1) What can be the role of the SHA in HIA? (2) What are the characteristics of successful state HIA programs? and (3) What are some effective strategies for building capacity for HIA in SHAs and local health departments? DESIGN: The authors reviewed program reports from the ASTHO's pilot state health agencies (California, Minnesota, Oregon, and Wisconsin) that, between 2009 and 2011, created HIA programs to provide HIA training, conduct HIAs, and build practitioner networks...
November 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Elena Serrano, Isabel Larrañaga, Maite Morteruel, María Dolores Baixas de Ros, Mikel Basterrechea, Dolores Martinez, Elena Aldasoro, Amaia Bacigalupe
BACKGROUND: An important health issue in urban areas is how changes arising from the regeneration of city-areas affect social determinants of health and equity. This paper examines the impacts attributable to a new fish market and to delays in the regeneration of a port area in a deteriorated region of the Bay of Pasaia (Spain). Potential differential impacts on local residents and socially vulnerable groups were evaluated to determine health inequalities. METHODS: An in-depth, prospective and concurrent Health-Impact-Assessment (HIA) focused on equity was conducted by the regional Public Health Department, following the Merseyside guidelines...
2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
S Balachandar, M Sethuram, P Muthuraja, T Shanmugavadivu, M Dhandapani
Biologically active Lewis acid-base compound, pyrazolium 3-nitro phthalate (P3NP) has been synthesized and crystallized by slow evaporation - solution method at 30°C. Spectral and single crystal X-Ray diffraction (XRD) were used to characterize the compound. The stability of the P3NP was confirmed by UV-Visible spectral analysis. P3NP crystallizes in monoclinic P21/C space group with cell parameters, a=13.009 (3) Å, b=12.584 (3) Å, c=7.529 (18) Å and β=93.052 (4)(o) with Z=4. Crystal packing was stabilized by N(+)H⋯O(-), OH⋯O and CH⋯O intermolecular hydrogen bonds...
October 2016: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Lindsay C McCallum, Christopher A Ollson, Ingrid L Stefanovic
The determinants of health are those factors that have the potential to affect health, either positively or negatively, and include a range of personal, social, economic, and environmental factors. In the practice of health impact assessment (HIA), the stage at which the determinants of health are considered for inclusion is during the scoping step. The scoping step is intended to identify how the HIA will be carried out and to set the boundaries (e.g., temporal and geographical) for the assessment. There are several factors that can help to inform the scoping process, many of which are considered in existing HIA tools and guidance; however, a systematic method of prioritizing determinants was found to be lacking...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
Laura Mayela Montes-Rincón, Lucio Galaviz-Silva, Francisco Ernesto González-Bravo, Zinnia Judith Molina-Garza
Chagas disease is caused by an infection with the protozoan hemoflagellate Trypanosoma cruzi, and it is a major endemic health problem in Latin America. The congenital route is one of the main non-vectorial pathways of transmission, which can arise either in the chronic or acute phase of maternal infection. Serological screening of T. cruzi infection was performed in 520 pregnant women and newborns at the Hospital General Regional de León, Guanajuato, Mexico, between 2014 and 2015. Anti-T. cruzi antibodies were detected in 20 mothers (4%) by ELISA and HIA with four PCR-positive newborn cases...
September 3, 2016: Acta Tropica
Fatima Benaissa, Cara Nichole Maesano, Rezak Alkama, Isabella Annesi-Maesano
We used Health Impact Assessment (HIA) to analyze the impact on a given population's health outcomes in terms of all-causes mortality and respiratory and cardiovascular hospitalizations attributable to short-term exposure to particulate matter less than 10 μm diameter (PM10) in Bejaia city, for which health effects of air pollution have never been investigated. Two scenarios of PM10 reduction were considered: first, a scenario where the PM10 annual mean is decreased by 5 µg/m(3), and then a scenario where this PM10 mean is decreased to 20 µg/m(3) (World Health Organization annual air quality guideline (WHO-AQG))...
2016: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
Mirko S Winkler, Samuel Fuhrimann, Phuc Pham-Duc, Guéladio Cissé, Jürg Utzinger, Hung Nguyen-Viet
OBJECTIVES: In resource-constrained settings, the recovery of nutrients and the production of energy from liquid and solid waste are important. We determined the range and magnitude of potential community health impacts of six solid and liquid waste recovery and reuse business models in Hanoi, Vietnam. METHODS: We employed a health impact assessment (HIA) approach using secondary data obtained from various sources supplemented with primary data collection. For determining the direction (positive or negative) and magnitude of potential health impacts in the population, a semiquantitative impact assessment was pursued...
August 30, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
Thomas K Bias, Christiaan G Abildso
Health Impact Assessments are an important tool to help policymakers perceive the potential positive and negative contributions of decisions to public health.While they have been increasingly used in the United States, studies have not examined intermediate effects.Using key stakeholder interviews, this manuscript examines policy outcomes and other related effects of the HIA 21months after completing a Health Impact Assessment Report around connectivity policy. Further, it reflects on the measurement of these effects as part of the monitoring and evaluation stage of the Health Impact Assessment process...
August 7, 2016: Preventive Medicine
Stefan K Lhachimi, Wilma J Nusselder, Henriette A Smit, Paolo Baili, Kathleen Bennett, Esteve Fernández, Margarete C Kulik, Tim Lobstein, Joceline Pomerleau, Hendriek C Boshuizen, Johan P Mackenbach
BACKGROUND: Influencing the life-style risk-factors alcohol, body mass index (BMI), and smoking is an European Union (EU) wide objective of public health policy. The population-level health effects of these risk-factors depend on population specific characteristics and are difficult to quantify without dynamic population health models. METHODS: For eleven countries-approx. 80 % of the EU-27 population-we used evidence from the publicly available DYNAMO-HIA data-set...
2016: BMC Public Health
Toshinari Takahashi, Yusuke Ohara, Michiyo Sawatari, Kazuo Sueno
Isoamyl acetate is an important flavor compound in sake. However, production of isoamyl acetate by Saccharomyces cerevisiae is significantly reduced during sake brewing with rice that has a high polishing ratio, because unsaturated fatty acids derived from the outer layer of rice repress the expression of ATF1, which encodes an alcohol acetyl transferase. Yeast mutants capable of relieving this repression would allow the brewing of rice with high polishing ratios, improving the diversity of taste and flavor of sake...
July 27, 2016: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
Ali Fakhri, Patrick Harris, Mohammadreza Maleki
For others wishing to develop Health Impact Assessment (HIA) guides (manuals) and to adjust them to conditions in their countries, we draw lessons from developing an HIA guide in Iran. We derive the lessons from our research comparing HIA guides found in the international literature and our experiences in adapting international experience to an HIA model for Iran that incorporates Iranian experts' opinions.
July 21, 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
Jessica D Forbes, Gary Van Domselaar, Michael Sargent, Chris Green, Susan Springthorpe, Denis O Krause, Charles N Bernstein
The etiology of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is unknown; current research is focused on determining environmental factors. One consideration is drinking water: water systems harbour considerable microbial diversity, with bacterial concentrations estimated at 10(6)-10(8) cells/L. Perhaps differences in microbial ecology of water sources may impact differential incidence rates of IBD. Regions of Manitoba were geographically mapped according to incidence rates of IBD and identified as high (HIA) or low (LIA) incidence areas...
September 2016: Canadian Journal of Microbiology
Angjelina Konini, Eli Nix, Marina Ulanova, Seyed M Moghadas
Severe infections caused by Haemophilus influenzae type a (Hia) have reached alarming rates in some Canadian Aboriginal communities. We sought to estimate the frequency of exposure to this pathogen and timelines for boosting protective antibodies. We developed a model of secondary antigenic challenge (natural exposure), and used data for anti-Hia antibodies in serum samples of healthy and immunocompromised adults in a population of Northwestern Ontario, Canada. We parameterized the model with available estimates from previous studies for the decay rate of antibody and its protective levels against both Hia carriage and invasive disease...
June 2016: Preventive Medicine Reports
Kei Ando, Shiro Imagama, Kazuyoshi Kobayashi, Tetsuro Hida, Kenyu Ito, Mikito Tsushima, Yoshimoto Ishikawa, Akiyuki Matsumoto, Yoshihiro Nishida, Naoki Ishiguro
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective clinical study of factors related to myelopathy deterioration due to Thoracic myelopathy due to ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (T-OPLL). OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to investigate factors related to myelopathy deterioration due to T-OPLL. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Detailed analyses of factors related to myelopathy deterioration due to T-OPLL have not been reported. METHODS: 22 patients (group O) received observation therapy because of the absence of or mild myelopathy, which was defined as walking unaided or with support, and a Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score above 7 points; and 24 patients (group S) were treated with posterior decompression and fusion with instrumentation...
July 7, 2016: Spine
Jomon Sebastian
Hyperglycaemia in diabetic patients causes diverse range of complications and the earliest among them is diabetic cataract. The role of aldose reductase, the key enzyme in polyol pathway, is well known in the genesis of cataract in chronic diabetic patients. Controlling of sorbitol flux into lens epithelial cells through aldose reductase inhibitors is an important treatment strategy. Due to the side-effects of many drugs so far developed, the development of aldose reductase inhibitors from natural sources has gained considerable attention...
June 30, 2016: Current Drug Discovery Technologies
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