keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

hia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204727/economic-evaluation-of-2014-cholera-outbreak-in-ghana-a-household-cost-analysis
#1
Dziedzom Kwesi Awalime, Bernard Bright K Davies-Teye, Linda A Vanotoo, Nkechi S Owoo, Edward Nketiah-Amponsah
INTRODUCTION: Ghana experienced its worst cholera outbreak in three decades in 2014. Evidence of cholera economic costs on affected households has been limited. This study aimed at determining economic costs on households affected by the  cholera outbreak in a Coastal Region of Ghana. METHODS: Two districts; High and Low Incidence Areas (HIA and LIA) were selected in comparative cost analysis and disease impact on affected households assessed based on scientifically documented economic indicators...
December 4, 2017: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189672/invasive-haemophilus-influenzae-serotype-a-infection-in-children-clinical-description-of-an-emerging-pathogen-alaska-2002-2014
#2
Ian D Plumb, Danielle Lecy, Rosalyn Singleton, Michael C Engel, Matthew Hirschfeld, James W Keck, Joseph Klejka, Karen M Rudolph, Thomas W Hennessy, Michael G Bruce
BACKGROUND: Invasive infections from Haemophilus influenzae serotype a (Hia) have been reported with increasing frequency, especially among indigenous populations. However there are limited population-based-studies of clinical severity. We studied invasive Hia infections in Alaska to determine clinical characteristics, mortality, and sequelae. METHODS: We defined an invasive Hia infection as the first detection of Hia from a usually sterile site in a child <10 years of age from Alaska...
November 17, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182636/identification-of-differences-in-health-impact-modelling-of-salt-reduction
#3
Marieke A H Hendriksen, Johanna M Geleijnse, Joop M A van Raaij, Francesco P Cappuccio, Linda C Cobiac, Peter Scarborough, Wilma J Nusselder, Abbygail Jaccard, Hendriek C Boshuizen
We examined whether specific input data and assumptions explain outcome differences in otherwise comparable health impact assessment models. Seven population health models estimating the impact of salt reduction on morbidity and mortality in western populations were compared on four sets of key features, their underlying assumptions and input data. Next, assumptions and input data were varied one by one in a default approach (the DYNAMO-HIA model) to examine how it influences the estimated health impact. Major differences in outcome were related to the size and shape of the dose-response relation between salt and blood pressure and blood pressure and disease...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127149/regnase-1-and-roquin-nonredundantly-regulate-th1-differentiation-causing-cardiac-inflammation-and-fibrosis
#4
Xiaotong Cui, Takashi Mino, Masanori Yoshinaga, Yoshinari Nakatsuka, Fabian Hia, Daichi Yamasoba, Tohru Tsujimura, Keizo Tomonaga, Yutaka Suzuki, Takuya Uehata, Osamu Takeuchi
Regnase-1 and Roquin are RNA binding proteins that are essential for degradation of inflammatory mRNAs and maintenance of immune homeostasis. Although deficiency of either of the proteins leads to enhanced T cell activation, their functional relationship in T cells has yet to be clarified because of lethality upon mutation of both Regnase-1 and Roquin. By using a Regnase-1 conditional allele, we show that mutations of both Regnase-1 and Roquin in T cells leads to massive lymphocyte activation. In contrast, mutation of either Regnase-1 or Roquin affected T cell activation to a lesser extent than the double mutation, indicating that Regnase-1 and Roquin function nonredundantly in T cells...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104762/safety-and-efficacy-of-intra-arterial-hepatic-chemotherapy-with-doxorubicin-loaded-nanoparticles-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#5
Philippe Merle, Philippe Camus, Armand Abergel, Georges Philippe Pageaux, Claude Masliah, Jean Pierre Bronowicki, Jean Pierre Zarski, Gilles Pelletier, Mohamed Bouattour, Laetitia Farloux, Etienne Dorval, Gilles Verset, Si-Nafa Si-Ahmed, Michel Doffoel, Patrice Couzigou, Julien Taieb, Bérangère Vasseur, Pierre Attali
Background: Doxorubicin Transdrug (DT), a nanoformulation of doxorubicin, was demonstrated to overcome the chemoresistance of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in preclinical models. Its efficacy and safety were thus investigated in phase I and randomised phase II trials in unresectable HCC. Patients and methods: Phase I was a single dose of DT through the hepatic intra-arterial (HIA) route, dose-escalating 3+3 trial, evaluating five-dose levels from 10 to 40 mg/m(2) with maximal tolerated dose (MTD) as primary endpoint...
2017: ESMO Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096410/review-of-education-focused-health-impact-assessments-conducted-in-the-united-states
#6
Lauren N Gase, Amelia R DeFosset, Maxim Gakh, Celia Harris, Susan R Weisman, Andrew L Dannenberg
BACKGROUND: Health impact assessment (HIA) provides a structured process for examining the potential health impacts of proposed policies, plans, programs, and projects. This study systematically reviewed HIAs conducted in the United States on prekindergarten, primary, and secondary education-focused decisions. METHODS: Relevant HIA reports were identified from web sources in late 2015. Key data elements were abstracted from each report. Four case studies were selected to highlight diversity of topics, methods, and impacts of the assessment process...
December 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069177/health-impact-assessment-hia-analyses-and-challenges-to-brazilian-health-surveillance
#7
Missifany Silveira, André Luiz Dutra Fenner
This study aims to discuss the Health Impact Assessment (HIA), pointing out the main initiatives of the health sector, challenges and perspectives for its implementation in Brazil. HIA is a methodology recommended by the WHO and is widely used in several countries, but with few initiatives in Brazil. Health issues in the context of large projects are commonly conducted on a timely basis within the environmental licensing processes, unlike HIA, which proposes an integrated approach, with the involvement of social stakeholders in the territory since the beginning of the project...
October 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049096/the-effect-of-tackler-technique-on-head-injury-assessment-risk-in-elite-rugby-union
#8
Gregory J Tierney, Karl Denvir, Garreth Farrell, Ciaran K Simms
PURPOSE: To use match video evidence of tackles in elite level rugby union in order to identify tackler proficiency characteristics, for both Lower Body and Upper Body Tackles, that result in Head Injury Assessments (HIA) for the tackler. METHODS: A review of international rugby union matches (2013-2016) and Pro 12/ERC Champions Cup matches (2014-2016) from a professional rugby union club was conducted. HIA (n=53) and non-HIA tackles (n=233) were categorised as either front-on or side-on Upper Body or Lower Body Tackles and scored for tackling proficiency characteristics...
October 18, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964149/heavy-ion-acoustic-rogue-waves-in-electron-positron-multi-ion-plasmas
#9
N A Chowdhury, A Mannan, M M Hasan, A A Mamun
The nonlinear propagation of heavy-ion-acoustic (HIA) waves (HIAWs) in a four-component multi-ion plasma (containing inertial heavy negative ions and light positive ions, as well as inertialess nonextensive electrons and positrons) has been theoretically investigated. The nonlinear Schrödinger (NLS) equation is derived by employing the reductive perturbation method. It is found that the NLS equation leads to the modulational instability (MI) of HIAWs, and to the formation of HIA rogue waves (HIARWs), which are due to the effects of nonlinearity and dispersion in the propagation of HIAWs...
September 2017: Chaos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951105/epidemiology-of-invasive-pneumococcal-and-haemophilus-influenzae-diseases-in-northwestern-ontario-canada-2010-2015
#10
Vic Eton, Annette Schroeter, Len Kelly, Michael Kirlew, Raymond S W Tsang, Marina Ulanova
INTRODUCTION: North American indigenous populations experience a high burden of invasive bacterial infections. Because Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae have multiple antigenic variants, the existing vaccines cannot prevent all cases. This study addresses the current epidemiology of invasive H. influenzae and pneumococcal disease (IPD) in a region of Northwestern Ontario, Canada with a relatively high (82%) indigenous population. METHODS: Data were retrieved from a retrospective chart review at a hospital servicing a population of 29000 (82% indigenous), during January 2010-July 2015...
September 22, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951087/investigating-the-candidacy-of-a-capsular-polysaccharide-based-glycoconjugate-as-a-vaccine-to-combat-haemophilus-influenzae-type-a-disease-a-solution-for-an-unmet-public-health-need
#11
Andrew D Cox, Dean Williams, Chantelle Cairns, Frank St Michael, Perry Fleming, Evgeny Vinogradov, Mélanie Arbour, Luke Masson, Wei Zou
After the introduction of the glycoconjugate vaccine based upon the capsular polysaccharide ofHaemophilus influenzaetype b in the mid 1980s there was a remarkable decrease in the number of invasive cases reported for this organism. Since the 1990s several groups have observed the emergence ofHaemophilus influenzaetype a (Hia), especially in indigenous communities in the northern regions of Canada and Alaska, to a stage where a solution is warranted to prevent further unnecessary deaths due to this pathogen...
October 27, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931035/neuroprotection-with-hypothermia-and-allopurinol-in-an-animal-model-of-hypoxic-ischemic-injury-is-it-a-gender-question
#12
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Javier Rodríguez-Fanjul, Cristina Durán Fernández-Feijóo, Míriam Lopez-Abad, Maria Goretti Lopez Ramos, Rafael Balada Caballé, Soledad Alcántara-Horillo, Marta Camprubí Camprubí
BACKGROUND: Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) is one of the most important causes of neonatal brain injury. Therapeutic hypothermia (TH) is the standard treatment for term newborns after perinatal hypoxic ischemic injury (HI). Despite this, TH does not provide complete neuroprotection. Allopurinol seems to be a good neuroprotector in several animal studies, but it has never been tested in combination with hypothermia. Clinical findings show that male infants with (HI) fare more poorly than matched females in cognitive outcomes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921456/blood-brain-barrier-in-a-haemophilus-influenzae-type-a-in-vitro-infection-role-of-adenosine-receptors-a2a-and-a2b
#13
N Caporarello, M Olivieri, M Cristaldi, M Scalia, M A Toscano, C Genovese, A Addamo, M Salmeri, G Lupo, C D Anfuso
The blood-brain barrier (BBB) is mainly made up of tightly connected microvascular endothelial cells (BMECs), surrounded by pericytes (BMPCs) which regulate BBB tightness by providing soluble factors that control endothelial proliferation. Haemophilus influenzae type a (Hia) is able to reach the BBB, crossing it, thus causing meningitis. In this study, by using an in vitro model of BBB, performed with human BMECs and human BMPCs in co-culture, we demonstrated that, after Hia infection, the number of hBMPCs decreased whereas the number of hBMECs increased in comparison with non-infected cells...
September 18, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888759/impact-of-iliac-artery-anatomy-on-the-outcome-of-fenestrated-and-branched-endovascular-aortic-repair
#14
Enrico Gallitto, Mauro Gargiulo, Gianluca Faggioli, Rodolfo Pini, Chiara Mascoli, Antonio Freyrie, Stefano Ancetti, Andrea Stella
OBJECTIVE: Fenestrated and branched endovascular aneurysm repair (FB-EVAR) is a valid option to treat juxtarenal and pararenal abdominal aortic aneurysms and thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms. Because successful deployment depends on complex maneuvers, hostile iliac artery anatomy (HIA) can prejudice the FB-EVAR outcome. The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of HIA on FB-EVAR outcome. METHODS: Between 2010 and 2015, all patients undergoing FB-EVAR were prospectively categorized according to iliac anatomy (friendly iliac artery anatomy [FIA] or HIA)...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768669/immunogenicity-of-nontypeable-haemophilus-influenzae-outer-membrane-vesicles-and-protective-ability-in-the-chinchilla-model-of-otitis-media
#15
Linda E Winter, Stephen J Barenkamp
Outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) produced by Gram-negative bacteria are enriched in several outer membrane components, including major and minor outer membrane proteins and lipooligosaccharide. We assessed the functional activity of nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) OMV-specific antisera and the protective ability of NTHi OMVs as vaccine antigens in the chinchilla otitis media model. OMVs were purified from three HMW1/HMW2-expressing NTHi strains, two of which were also engineered to overexpress Hia proteins...
October 2017: Clinical and Vaccine Immunology: CVI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768403/assessing-health-impacts-of-pictorial-health-warning-labels-on-cigarette-packs-in-korea-using-dynamo-hia
#16
Eunjeong Kang
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to predict the 10-year impacts of the introduction of pictorial warning labels (PWLs) on cigarette packaging in 2016 in Korea for adults using DYNAMO-HIA. METHODS: In total, four scenarios were constructed to better understand the potential health impacts of PWLs: two for PWLs and the other two for a hypothetical cigarette tax increase. In both policies, an optimistic and a conservative scenario were constructed. The reference scenario assumed the 2015 smoking rate would remain the same...
July 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763388/health-impact-assessments-and-extreme-weather-challenges-for-environmental-health
#17
Kristina Kintziger, Jason Ortegren, Chris DuClos, Melissa Jordan, Talia Smith, Rebecca Foglietti, Robert Merritt, Louviminda Donado
BACKGROUND: The Florida Department of Health, Environmental Public Health Tracking Program, in collaboration with the Escambia County Health Department and the University of West Florida, used the Health Impact Assessment Framework to examine adverse health outcomes that may be related to an extreme flood event in Pensacola, Florida (Escambia County) during April 29 to May 3, 2014. In this 2014 flood event, portions of Pensacola received more than 15.5 in of rain in a single day. Infrastructure impacts from this extreme event included destroyed bridges and roads and the failure of many sewage lift stations...
September 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737610/influence-of-match-location-quality-of-opponents-and-match-status-on-movement-patterns-in-brazilian-professional-football-players
#18
Rodrigo Aquino, Guilherme H Munhoz Martins, Luiz H Palucci Vieira, Rafael P Menezes
Aquino, R, Munhoz Martins, GH, Palucci Vieira, LH, and Menezes, RP. Influence of match location, quality of opponents and match status on movement patterns in brazilian professional football players. J Strength Cond Res 31(8): 2155-2161, 2017-The aim of this study was to examine the independent and interactive effects of match location, quality of opponents, and match status on the movement patterns in a professional Brazilian football team. Sixteen matches of the fourth division Brazilian Championship of 2015 were analyzed during the competitive stages (classifier, 8 matches; octave-finals, 2 matches; quarterfinals, 2 matches; semifinals, 2 matches; and finals, 2 matches)...
August 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715880/effects-of-acute-high-intensity-resistance-exercise-on-cognitive-function-and-oxygenation-in-prefrontal-cortex
#19
Hyukki Chang, Kyungae Kim, Yu-Jin Jung, Morimasa Kato
PURPOSE: Moderate-intensity exercise is known to be the best effective intensity to enhance cognitive function, including memory and learning. However, the effects of high-intensity exercise in comparison with moderate- intensity exercise on cognitive function remain controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of high-intensity resistance exercise on cognitive function. METHODS: Thirty-six healthy female college students volunteered to participate in this study...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711845/the-impact-of-synoptic-circulation-on-air-quality-and-pollution-related-human-health-in-the-yangtze-river-delta-region
#20
Zhiheng Liao, Meng Gao, Jiaren Sun, Shaojia Fan
PM2.5 and O3 pollution are of concern for the Yangtze River Delta (YRD) region due to their adverse impact on human health. In conjunction with a complex distribution of emission sources, the synoptic circulation conditions control the temporal and spatial variability of air pollution levels and hence the pollution-related health burdens. In this study, a long-term synoptic circulation catalogue is developed by applying the automated Lamb weather type method to the ECMWF mean sea level pressure reanalysis for the YRD region during 2013-2016...
December 31, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
keyword
keyword
90765
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"