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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338613/slum-upgrading-and-health-equity
#1
Jason Corburn, Alice Sverdlik
Informal settlement upgrading is widely recognized for enhancing shelter and promoting economic development, yet its potential to improve health equity is usually overlooked. Almost one in seven people on the planet are expected to reside in urban informal settlements, or slums, by 2030. Slum upgrading is the process of delivering place-based environmental and social improvements to the urban poor, including land tenure, housing, infrastructure, employment, health services and political and social inclusion...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335490/monitoring-of-selected-health-indicators-in-children-living-in-a-copper-mine-development-area-in-northwestern-zambia
#2
Astrid M Knoblauch, Mark J Divall, Milka Owuor, Colleen Archer, Kennedy Nduna, Harrison Ng'uni, Gertrude Musunka, Anna Pascall, Jürg Utzinger, Mirko S Winkler
The epidemiology of malaria, anaemia and malnutrition in children is potentially altered in mining development areas. In a copper extraction project in northwestern Zambia, a health impact assessment (HIA) was commissioned to predict, manage and monitor health impacts. Two cross-sectional surveys were conducted: at baseline prior to project development (2011) and at four years into development (2015). Prevalence of Plasmodium falciparum, anaemia and stunting were assessed in under-five-year-old children, while hookworm infection was assessed in children aged 9-14 years in communities impacted and comparison communities not impacted by the project...
March 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202923/lessons-learnt-from-developing-a-health-impact-assessment-guide-in-iran
#3
Ali Fakhri, Patrick Harris, Mohammadreza Maleki
For others wishing to develop Health Impact Assessment (HIA) guides (manuals) and to adjust them to conditions in their countries, we draw lessons from developing an HIA guide in Iran. We derive the lessons from our research comparing HIA guides found in the international literature and our experiences in adapting international experience to an HIA model for Iran that incorporates Iranian experts' opinions.
December 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196501/taking-multi-morbidity-into-account-when-attributing-dalys-to-risk-factors-comparing-dynamic-modeling-with-the-gbd2010-calculation-method
#4
Hendriek C Boshuizen, Wilma J Nusselder, Marjanne H D Plasmans, Henk H Hilderink, Bianca E P Snijders, René Poos, Coen H van Gool
BACKGROUND: Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) quantify the loss of healthy years of life due to dying prematurely and due to living with diseases and injuries. Current methods of attributing DALYs to underlying risk factors fall short on two main points. First, risk factor attribution methods often unjustly apply incidence-based population attributable fractions (PAFs) to prevalence-based data. Second, it mixes two conceptually distinct approaches targeting different goals, namely an attribution method aiming to attribute uniquely to a single cause, and an elimination method aiming to describe a counterfactual situation without exposure...
February 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183034/effects-of-chemical-cleaning-on-ro-membrane-inorganic-organic-and-microbial-foulant-removal-in-a-full-scale-plant-for-municipal-wastewater-reclamation
#5
Tong Yu, Lu Meng, Qing-Bo Zhao, Ye Shi, Hong-Ying Hu, Yun Lu
Of all of the strategies for controlling reverse osmosis (RO) membrane fouling, chemical cleaning is indispensable. To study the effects of chemical cleaning on membrane foulant removal, a comparative analysis of RO membranes before and after common alkaline and acid cleaning was conducted by dissecting lead and terminal RO membranes in a full-scale municipal wastewater reclamation plant. Most foulants on the membranes were removed by chemical cleaning processes. Calcium was the major inorganic component of the foulants because of its highest concentration in the feed water...
April 15, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180268/hia-in-switzerland-strategies-for-achieving-health-in-all-policies
#6
Thomas Mattig, Nicola Cantoreggi, Jean Simos, Catherine Favre Kruit, Derek P T H Christie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125993/health-impact-assessment-of-indira-sagar-project-a-paramount-to-studies-on-water-development-projects
#7
Anushrita, B N Nagpal, Neera Kapoor, Aruna Srivastava, Rekha Saxena, Shailendra Singh, Sanjeev Gupta, Sompal Singh, Kumar Vikram, Neena Valecha
BACKGROUND: Very limited studies on Health Impact Assessment (HIA) of Water Development Projects (WDP) in relation to mosquito-borne diseases have been carried out in India. The current study focuses on using HIA as a tool for finding impact of Indira Sagar Project, Madhya Pradesh on human health in relation to mosquito borne diseases, and emphasizing its incorporation as an integral part of any WDP. METHODS: Screening, scoping, assessment, recommendation, reporting, and evaluation were carried out in selected study areas...
January 26, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062133/cognitive-ability-lifestyle-risk-factors-and-two-year-survival-in-first-myocardial-infarction-men-a-swedish-national-registry-study
#8
John Wallert, Guy Madison, Claes Held, Erik Olsson
BACKGROUND: General cognitive ability (CA) is positively associated with later physical and mental health, health literacy, and longevity. We investigated whether CA estimated approximately 30years earlier in young adulthood predicted lifestyle-related risk factors and two-year survival in first myocardial infarction (MI) male patients. METHODS: Young adulthood CA estimated through psychometric testing at age 18-20years was obtained from the mandatory military conscript registry (INSARK) and linked to national quality registry SWEDEHEART/RIKS-HIA data on smoking, diabetes, hypertension, obesity (BMI>30kg/m(2)) in 60years or younger Swedish males with first MI...
March 15, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990512/warfarin-genotyping-with-hybridization-induced-aggregation-on-a-poly-ethylene-terephthalate-microdevice
#9
Hillary S Sloane, Morgan B Carter, Alexa E C Cecil, Delphine Le Roux, Daniel L Mills, James P Landers
Warfarin, a commonly prescribed oral anticoagulant, is burdened by a narrow therapeutic index and high inter-individual variability in response, making it the second leading cause of drug-related emergency room visits. Since genetic factors contribute significantly to warfarin sensitivity, a genotype-guided dosing strategy may reduce the occurrence of adverse events. While numerous methods have been demonstrated for warfarin genotyping, the specifications of most assays with respect to turnaround time and cost are not ideal for routine testing...
December 19, 2016: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849055/size-switchable-supramolecular-nanoparticle-based-on-azobenzene-derivative-within-anionic-pillar-5-arene
#10
Cai-Cai Zhang, Sheng-Hua Li, Cui-Fang Zhang, Yu Liu
A photo/thermal-switchable supramolecular nanoparticles assembly has been constructed based on an inclusion complex between anionic pillar[5]arene 2C-WP5A and azobenzene derivative Azo-py-OMe (G). The novel anionic pillar[5]arene-based host-guest inclusion complexation was investigated by the (1)H NMR titration, 2D ROESY and isothermal titration microcalorimetry (ITC) showing high association constant (Ka) of (2.60 ± 0.06) × 10(4) M(-1) with 1:1 binding stoichiometry. Furthermore, the supramolecular nanoparticles assembly can be conveniently obtained from G and a small amount of 2C-WP5A in aqueous solution, which was so-called "host induced aggregating (HIA)"...
November 16, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834374/trna-mediated-codon-biased-translation-in-mycobacterial-hypoxic-persistence
#11
Yok Hian Chionh, Megan McBee, I Ramesh Babu, Fabian Hia, Wenwei Lin, Wei Zhao, Jianshu Cao, Agnieszka Dziergowska, Andrzej Malkiewicz, Thomas J Begley, Sylvie Alonso, Peter C Dedon
Microbial pathogens adapt to the stress of infection by regulating transcription, translation and protein modification. We report that changes in gene expression in hypoxia-induced non-replicating persistence in mycobacteria-which models tuberculous granulomas-are partly determined by a mechanism of tRNA reprogramming and codon-biased translation. Mycobacterium bovis BCG responded to each stage of hypoxia and aerobic resuscitation by uniquely reprogramming 40 modified ribonucleosides in tRNA, which correlate with selective translation of mRNAs from families of codon-biased persistence genes...
November 11, 2016: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792207/daly-based-health-risk-assessment-of-construction-noise-in-beijing-china
#12
Jun Xiao, Xiaodong Li, Zhihui Zhang
Noise produced by construction activities has become the second most serious acoustic polluting element in China. To provide industry practitioners with a better understanding of the health risks of construction noise and to aid in creating environmentally friendly construction plans during early construction stages, we developed a quantitative model to assess the health impairment risks (HIA) associated with construction noise for individuals living adjacent to construction sites. This model classifies noise-induced health impairments into four categories: cardiovascular disease, cognitive impairment, sleep disturbance, and annoyance, and uses disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) as an indicator of damage...
October 26, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776768/the-use-of-bile-salt-micelles-for-the-prediction-of-human-intestinal-absorption
#13
Laura J Waters, Dina S Shokry, Gareth M B Parkes, John C Mitchell
Human intestinal absorption (HIA) will dictate biopharmaceutical performance through its influence on absorption, distribution, metabolism, and elimination and can vary significantly depending upon the nature of the compound under consideration. In this study, an in vitro assay method is proposed for the prediction of HIA through the measurement of drug solubility in an aqueous phase containing micellar bile salt, namely sodium deoxycholate. A series of twenty compounds, displaying a range of physicochemical properties and known HIA values, were analyzed using UV spectroscopy to determine a solubilization ratio for each compound...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729197/participatory-health-impact-assessment-used-to-support-decision-making-in-waste-management-planning-a-replicable-experience-from-italy
#14
Nunzia Linzalone, Alessio Coi, Paolo Lauriola, Daniela Luise, Alessandra Pedone, Roberto Romizi, Domenico Sallese, Fabrizio Bianchi
The lack of participatory tools in Health Impact Assessment (HIA) to support decision-makers is a critical factor that negatively affects the impacts of waste policies. This study describes the participatory HIA used in deciding on the possible doubling of the municipal solid waste incinerating plant located near the city of Arezzo, Italy. Within the framework of the new waste management plan, a methodology for the democratic participation of stakeholders was designed adopting the Local Agenda 21 methodology...
January 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694922/electrosprayed-multi-core-alginate-microcapsules-as-novel-self-healing-containers
#15
Iee Lee Hia, Pooria Pasbakhsh, Eng-Seng Chan, Siang-Piao Chai
Alginate microcapsules containing epoxy resin were developed through electrospraying method and embedded into epoxy matrix to produce a capsule-based self-healing composite system. These formaldehyde free alginate/epoxy microcapsules were characterized via light microscope, field emission scanning electron microscope, fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analysis. Results showed that epoxy resin was successfully encapsulated within alginate matrix to form porous (multi-core) microcapsules with pore size ranged from 5-100 μm...
October 3, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694662/the-trans-pacific-partnership-is-it-everything-we-feared-for-health
#16
Ronald Labonté, Ashley Schram, Arne Ruckert
BACKGROUND: Negotiations surrounding the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) trade and investment agreement have recently concluded. Although trade and investment agreements, part of a broader shift to global economic integration, have been argued to be vital to improved economic growth, health, and general welfare, these agreements have increasingly come under scrutiny for their direct and indirect health impacts. METHODS: We conducted a prospective health impact analysis to identify and assess a selected array of potential health risks of the TPP...
April 17, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694228/equity-focused-health-impact-assessment-of-portuguese-tobacco-control-legislation
#17
A Costa, M Cortes, C Sena, E Nunes, P Nogueira, T Shivaji
The World Health Organization recommend the Equity-Focused Health Impact Assessment (HIA) as a means to assess the impact of social and economic policies on the health of populations, and acknowledges their contribution to health inequality. We describe the application of the Equity-focused Impact Assessment methodology on the Portuguese law on Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control (Law No. 37/2007). A rapid assessment was carried out to issue recommendations which could be incorporated into the law during a revision in 2014...
October 2, 2016: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687493/the-peak-velocity-derived-from-the-carminatti-test-is-related-to-physical-match-performance-in-young-soccer-players
#18
Juliano Fernandes-da-Silva, Carlo Castagna, Anderson Santiago Teixeira, Lorival José Carminatti, Luiz Guilherme Antonacci Guglielmo
The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between the peak velocity derived from the Carminatti Test (T-CAR) (PVT-CAR) and physical match performance in young soccer players. Thirty-three youth soccer players were recruited from 2 non-professional clubs. Friendly matches and small-sided game were performed. Physical match demands were assessed using Global Positioning System (GPS) technology. On a separate occasion, the players were submitted to the T-CAR. Players were categorised into 3 groups based on their T-CAR performance: Low (PVT-CAR ≤ P33), Intermediate (P33 > PVT-CAR < P66) and High (PVT-CAR ≥ P66)...
December 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682735/implementing-health-impact-assessment-programs-in-state-health-agencies-lessons-learned-from-pilot-programs-2009-2011
#19
Nancy Goff, Kerry Wyss, Arthur Wendel, Paul Jarris
CONTEXT: Health Impact Assessment (HIA) has emerged as a promising tool to integrate health considerations into decision making. The growth and success of HIA practice in the United States will be dependent on building the capacity of practitioners. OBJECTIVE: This article seeks to identify the role of state health agencies (SHAs) in building capacity for conducting HIAs and the key components of initiatives that produced effective HIAs and HIA programs. The authors proposed to answer 3 research questions: (1) What can be the role of the SHA in HIA? (2) What are the characteristics of successful state HIA programs? and (3) What are some effective strategies for building capacity for HIA in SHAs and local health departments? DESIGN: The authors reviewed program reports from the ASTHO's pilot state health agencies (California, Minnesota, Oregon, and Wisconsin) that, between 2009 and 2011, created HIA programs to provide HIA training, conduct HIAs, and build practitioner networks...
November 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27628650/urban-regeneration-as-population-health-intervention-a-health-impact-assessment-in-the-bay-of-pasaia-spain
#20
Elena Serrano, Isabel Larrañaga, Maite Morteruel, María Dolores Baixas de Ros, Mikel Basterrechea, Dolores Martinez, Elena Aldasoro, Amaia Bacigalupe
BACKGROUND: An important health issue in urban areas is how changes arising from the regeneration of city-areas affect social determinants of health and equity. This paper examines the impacts attributable to a new fish market and to delays in the regeneration of a port area in a deteriorated region of the Bay of Pasaia (Spain). Potential differential impacts on local residents and socially vulnerable groups were evaluated to determine health inequalities. METHODS: An in-depth, prospective and concurrent Health-Impact-Assessment (HIA) focused on equity was conducted by the regional Public Health Department, following the Merseyside guidelines...
2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
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