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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843258/prevalence-of-early-childhood-caries-in-children-of-west-godavari-district-andhra-pradesh-south-india-an-epidemiological-study
#1
Srikanth Koya, K S Ravichandra, Vasa A Arunkumar, Suzan Sahana, H M Pushpalatha
AIM: To determine the prevalence of early childhood caries (ECC) and its risk factors in children of West Godavari district, Andhra Pradesh. STUDY DESIGN: A sample of 1,897 children between 24 and 71 months of age based on stratified cluster random sampling were clinically examined for dental caries using mouth mirror under day light. The parents/caregivers of each child were interviewed with a structured questionnaire. Data was analyzed using independent sample Student's t-test and chi-square test...
July 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604833/-walking-in-a-maze-community-providers-difficulties-coordinating-health-care-for-homeless-patients
#2
Terri LaCoursiere Zucchero, Sarah McDannold, D Keith McInnes
BACKGROUND: While dual usage of US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) and non-VA health services increases access to care and choice for veterans, it is also associated with a number of negative consequences including increased morbidity and mortality. Veterans with multiple health conditions, such as the homeless, may be particularly susceptible to the adverse effects of dual use. Homeless veteran dual use is an understudied yet timely topic given the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and Veterans Choice Act of 2014, both of which may increase non-VA care for this population...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27219638/dental-care-in-an-equal-access-system-valuing-equity-are-there-racial-disparities
#3
Ulrike Boehmer, Mark Glickman, Judith A Jones, Michelle B Orner, Carolyn Wheler, Dan R Berlowitz, Nancy R Kressin
BACKGROUND: Racial disparities in dental care have previously been shown in the Veterans Health Administration (VA)-a controlled access setting valuing equitable, high-quality care. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to examine current disparities in dental care by focusing on the receipt of root canal therapy (RCT) versus tooth extraction. RESEARCH DESIGN: This is a retrospective analysis of data contained in the VA's electronic health records...
May 23, 2016: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27114270/vibrational-angioedema-considerations-for-oral-health-care-providers
#4
Ashwag Aloyouny, Eric T Stoopler
Vibratory angioedema (VA) is a rare, inherited type of physical urticaria characterized by acute onset of mucosal and / or cutaneous edema that is triggered by vibration. We report a case of a 63-year-old woman with VA elicited by use of mechanized (vibratory) dental equipment. To our knowledge, this is the first report of VA induced by mechanical dental equipment.
April 26, 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26871642/access-to-care-among-nonelderly-veterans
#5
Didem M Bernard, Thomas M Selden
BACKGROUND: Veteran access to care is an important policy issue that has not previously been examined with population-based survey data. OBJECTIVES: This study compares access to care for nonelderly adult Veterans versus comparable non-Veterans, overall and within subgroups defined by simulated eligibility for health care from the Veterans Health Administration and by insurance status. RESEARCH DESIGN: We use household survey data from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey from 2006 to 2011...
March 2016: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26786991/the-influence-of-incorrect-customs-of-lifestyle-in-hepatitis-b-infection-transmission
#6
Mohammad Moazeni-Bistgani, Reza Imani, Shahla Shahrjerdi
Hepatitis B (HB) disease occurs with high risk behaviors in the different communities. Aim of this study was to find out some of local customs in lifestyle that might be risk factors for transmitting this disease in order to design the educational programs and control it periodically in Chaharmahal VA Bakhtiari, Iran. This was a case-control study, carried out on patients with HB and the control group in Buldaji's district since October 2008 to March 2011. An expert person interviewed both these groups with a valid and reliable questionnaire...
November 2015: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26537721/effects-on-gastric-mucosa-induced-by-dental-bleaching-an-experimental-study-with-6-hydrogen-peroxide-in-rats
#7
Anabela Baptista Paula, Maria Isabel Dias, Manuel Marques Ferreira, Teresa Carrilho, Carlos Miguel Marto, João Casalta, António Silvério Cabrita, Eunice Carrilho
UNLABELLED: The value of aesthetic dentistry has precipitated several developments in the investigation of dental materials related to this field. The free marketing of these products is a problem and it is subject to various interpretations regarding its legality. There are several techniques for tooth whitening, the most used one being the external bleaching. It is the later version of such technique that poses the greatest danger of ingesting the product. The present study analysed the systemic effect of these products when they are swallowed...
October 2015: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26417927/visual-performance-after-contralateral-implantation-of-multifocal-intraocular-lenses-with-3-0-and-4-0-diopter-additions
#8
Kunihiko Nakamura, Hiroko Bissen-Miyajima, Mami Yoshino, Shinichi Oki
PURPOSE: To evaluate visual performance after contralateral implantation of AcrySof ReSTOR aspheric intraocular lenses (IOLs) with +3.0 and +4.0 diopter near additions. DESIGN: This was a retrospective case study conducted at Tokyo Dental College Suidobashi Hospital in Tokyo, Japan. METHODS: Eleven patients who were implanted with the SN6AD1 IOL and the SN6AD3 IOL contralaterally were included in this study. The distance, intermediate (1 m, 50 cm), and near (40 and 30 cm) uncorrected and corrected binocular visual acuity (VA), contrast sensitivity, depth of focus, and patient satisfaction were assessed more than 1 month postoperatively...
November 2015: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26390576/-clinical-results-of-tinted-aspherical-multifocal-iol-with-2-5-diopter-near-add-power-sn6ad2-sv25t0
#9
MULTICENTER STUDY
Hiroko Bissen-Miyajima, Ken Hayashi, Manabu Hirasawa, Mami Yoshino, Kunihiko Nakamura, Motoaki Yoshida, Miki Masumoto, Hiroshi Sasaki
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of a newly developed diffractive multifocal intraocular lens (IOL) with +2.5 diopter near add power (SN6AD2, Alcon), whose theoretical distance for near focus is 50 cm. METHODS: This study included 128 eyes of 64 patients (23 men and 41 women, average age: 66.7 ± 7.2 years) following cataract removal at Tokyo Dental College Suidobashi Hospital and Hayashi Eye Hospital. Visual acuities (VAs) at distance, 1 m, 50 cm and 40 cm, and questionnaires were evaluated until 1 year postoperatively...
August 2015: Nippon Ganka Gakkai Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26158415/influence-of-isolation-method-of-the-operative-field-on-gingival-damage-patients-preference-and-restoration-retention-in-noncarious-cervical-lesions
#10
A D Loguercio, I Luque-Martinez, A H Lisboa, C Higashi, V A Oliveira Queiroz, R O Rego, A Reis
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the retention rates, gingival damage, and patients' preferences for adhesive restorations in noncarious cervical lesions (NCCL) associated with the use of rubber dam vs cotton rolls/retraction cord isolation. METHODS: Thirty patients having one pair of similar NCCL on opposing sides of the same arch were enrolled in this study. A total of 60 restorations were placed. In each patient one restoration was placed under rubber dam isolation (RD) using dental retainers, and the other one was placed using cotton rolls/retraction cord (CR/RC) isolation...
November 2015: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26096344/should-the-celiac-artery-be-used-as-an-anatomical-marker-for-the-descending-thoracic-aorta-during-transesophageal-echocardiography
#11
Li Zhou, Nikhil Jariwala, Leon Frazin
BACKGROUND: Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is a pivotal tool for diagnosis of aortic diseases. However, there are no suitable anatomical markers to describe location of disease in the descending thoracic aorta. In the past, we have used distance from the dental incisors to report location of disease, but this has no anatomical relevance. Our recent data comparing TEE and computed tomography (CT) have shown that the celiac artery is an accurate anatomical marker where disease is described as distance relative to the celiac artery...
January 2016: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25882785/intended-and-unintended-effects-of-large-scale-adverse-event-disclosure-a-controlled-before-after-analysis-of-five-large-scale-notifications
#12
Todd H Wagner, Thomas Taylor, Elizabeth Cowgill, Steven M Asch, Pon Su, Barbara Bokhour, Janet Durfee, Richard A Martinello, Elizabeth Maguire, A Rani Elwy
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: How patients respond to being notified of a large-scale adverse event (LSAE), such as improper sterilisation of medical equipment that exposes them to bloodborne pathogens, is not well known. The objective of this study was to determine, using administrative data, the intended and unintended consequences of patient notification following a LSAE. METHODS: We examined five LSAEs where patients may have been inadvertently exposed to hepatitis C virus (HCV), HIV, and hepatitis B virus (HBV)...
May 2015: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25411710/effectiveness-of-thyroid-gland-shielding-in-dental-cbct-using-a-paediatric-anthropomorphic-phantom
#13
A Hidalgo, J Davies, K Horner, C Theodorakou
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study is to evaluate the effectiveness of thyroid shielding in dental CBCT examinations using a paediatric anthropomorphic phantom. METHODS: An ATOM(®) 706-C anthropomorphic phantom (Computerized Imaging Reference Systems Inc., Norfolk, VA) representing a 10-year-old child was loaded with six thermoluminescent dosemeters positioned at the level of the thyroid gland. Absorbed doses to the thyroid were measured for five commercially available thyroid shields using a large field of view (FOV)...
2015: Dento Maxillo Facial Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24789237/longitudinal-outcomes-of-using-a-fluoride-performance-measure-for-adults-at-high-risk-of-experiencing-caries
#14
Gretchen Gibson, M Marianne Jurasic, Carolyn J Wehler, Michelle B Orner, Martha E Nunn, Elizabeth Nuñez, Terry G O'Toole, Patricia E Arola, Susan C Bestgen, Judith A Jones
BACKGROUND: Staff of the VA Office of Dentistry, the dental care arm of the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs' Veterans Health Administration, developed a performance measure (PM) regarding appropriate fluoride use. The authors hypothesized that after the implementation of this PM, veterans at high risk of experiencing caries would require fewer new dental restorations than in the past. METHODS: In a retrospective longitudinal analysis, the authors evaluated the effectiveness of a PM in reducing restoration rates in veterans at high risk of experiencing caries...
May 2014: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24696914/va-dental-insurance-program-federalism-direct-final-rule-confirmation-of-effective-date
#15
(no author information available yet)
The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) published a direct final rule in the Federal Register on October 22, 2013, amending its regulations related to the VA Dental Insurance Program (VADIP), a pilot program to offer premium-based dental insurance to enrolled veterans and certain survivors and dependents of veterans. Specifically, this rule adds language to clarify the limited preemptive effect of certain criteria in the VADIP regulations. VA received no comments concerning this rule or its companion substantially identical proposed rule published in the Federal Register on October 23, 2013...
March 20, 2014: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24359164/coffee-consumption-and-periodontal-disease-in-males
#16
Nathan Ng, Elizabeth Krall Kaye, Raul I Garcia
BACKGROUND: Coffee is a major dietary source of antioxidants as well as of other anti-inflammatory factors. Given the beneficial role of such factors in periodontal disease, whether coffee intake is associated with periodontal disease in adult males was explored. METHODS: Existing data collected by a prospective, closed-panel cohort study of aging and oral health in adult males was used. Participants included the 1,152 dentate males in the Veterans Affairs (VA) Dental Longitudinal Study who presented for comprehensive medical and dental examinations from 1968 to 1998...
August 2014: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24156133/va-dental-insurance-program-federalism-direct-final-rule
#17
(no author information available yet)
The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) is taking direct final action to amend its regulations related to the VA Dental Insurance Program (VADIP), a pilot program to offer premium-based dental insurance to enrolled veterans and certain survivors and dependents of veterans. Specifically, this rule will add language to clarify the limited preemptive effect of certain criteria in the VADIP regulations.
October 22, 2013: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24145147/comparison-of-dental-health-of-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer-receiving-imrt-vs-conventional-radiation
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Victor M Duarte, Yuan F Liu, Sassan Rafizadeh, Tracey Tajima, Vishad Nabili, Marilene B Wang
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the dental health of patients with head and neck cancer who received comprehensive dental care after intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) compared with radiation therapy (RT). STUDY DESIGN: Historical cohort study. SETTING: Veteran Affairs (VA) hospital. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In total, 158 patients at a single VA hospital who were treated with RT or IMRT between 2003 and 2011 were identified...
January 2014: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24086874/the-perceptual-preferences-in-learning-among-dental-students-in-clinical-subjects
#19
Nandita Shenoy, Ashok Shenoy K, Ratnakar U P
INTRODUCTION: VARK is a questionnaire which was developed by Neil Fleming (www.vark.learn.com), who was a teacher and an educator in New Zealand, with respect to the perceptual preferences in learning. V stands for Visual- the students learn best from pictures, graphs and diagrams. A stand for Aural - the students learn best from spoken words, lectures and discussions. R stands for Reading - the students learn best from reading and writing texts. K stands for Kinesthetic - the students learn best when they move their bodies and manipulate things with their own hands...
August 2013: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24028859/association-of-gonial-angle-with-morphology-and-bone-mineral-content-of-the-body-of-the-adult-human-mandible-with-complete-permanent-dentition
#20
Shigeki Nakajima, Shigeo Osato
We investigated the differences between 2 gonial angle (GA) size groups with respect to the morphometry and quantitative bone mineral content (QBMC) of mandibles with all teeth erupted and normal occlusion. We used 19 dried mandibles that were obtained from an Indian population and stored in our department. These mandibles were at Hellman's developmental dental stage VA and were divided into low gonial angle (LGA) (GA ≤ 120°; 8 specimens; 16 sides) and high gonial angle (HGA) (GA ≥ 125°; 11 specimens; 22 sides) groups...
December 2013: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
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