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D Giugliano, F d'Apuzzo, A Majorana, G Campus, F Nucci, C Flores-Mir, L Perillo
AIM: Dental caries is one of the most common oral diseases affecting children. The complex multifactorial aetiology of caries involves host (saliva composition and tooth enamel characteristics), oral microflora and substrate (oral hygiene quality and dietary habits composition). Occlusal characteristics may be also a factor in dental caries development. The aim of this aepidemiologic study was to verify the association between DMFT (Decayed, Missed, Filled Teeth) index and occlusal characteristics, dietary habits, oral hygiene habits and parents' education level in a sample of 12-year-old schoolchildren from Southern Italy...
June 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
Yuko Fujita, Maika Ichikawa, Ayako Hamaguchi, Kenshi Maki
The aims of the present study were to evaluate whether there are significant differences in masticatory performance by gender and dental stage. We also determined the factors directly associated with the masticatory performance in children, and those directly associated with masticatory performance in young adults. The study included 180 subjects, ranging in age from 6 to 12 years or 20 to 33 years. The subjects were divided into three groups according to the Hellman developmental stage (III A, III B, or VA); the groups were the subdivided according to gender...
April 2018: Clinical and Experimental Dental Research
Jack Tsai, Jessica Blue-Howells, John Nakashima
Background: National surveys of homeless veterans have been conducted for over a decade, but there has been no examination of changes in the needs of homeless veterans. Methods: Annual surveys of convenience samples of homeless veterans conducted for Project Community Homelessness Assessment, Local Education and Networking Groups (CHALENG) from 2012 (n = 6859), 2013 (n = 7741), 2014 (n = 7126), 2015 (n = 3765) and 2016 (n = 3191) were analyzed. CHALENG surveys collected background information about respondents and their ratings of unmet needs of homeless veterans...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Public Health
Triantafyllia Vouzara, Garyfallia Dimosiari, Elisabeth A Koulaouzidou, Nikolaos Economides
INTRODUCTION: Resin sealers with biocompatible and bioactive additives have been used in clinical practice. Recently, a calcium silicate root canal sealer was introduced under the name BioRoot RCS (Septodont, Saint Maur-des-Fossés, France). The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of BioRoot RCS on cell survival and proliferation of cultured cells in parallel with an epoxy resin sealer with calcium phosphate and calcium oxide and a salicylate resin sealer with mineral trioxide aggregate filler...
May 2018: Journal of Endodontics
Brenda Heaton, Praveen Sharma, Raul I Garcia, Thomas Dietrich
AIM: To evaluate the assumptions underlying the use of partial-mouth recording (PMR) protocols and the associated mechanisms of potential misclassification of periodontal disease. METHODS: Using data from 640 participants in the VA Dental Longitudinal Study, we compared tooth-specific and site-specific clinical measures and calculated sensitivity and specificity of different PMR protocols by applying the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in collaboration with the American Academy of Periodontology definitions for periodontitis as the full-mouth reference standard...
April 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
Joshua Westphal, Elizabeth Berry, Caroline Carrico, Bhavna Shroff, Tegwyn Brickhouse
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to: (1) assess children's preferences for their pediatric dentist's attire; (2) assess guardians' preferences for their child's pediatric dentist's attire; and (3) determine which attributes are associated with different types of attire. This was a cross-sectional descriptive study using survey methodology with patients and parents who attended the pediatric dental clinic at Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Va., USA. METHODS: A total sample of 100 guardians and 97 pediatric patients completed the computer-based questionnaire...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
(no author information available yet)
This document amends the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Schedule for Rating Disabilities by revising the portion of the schedule that addresses dental and oral conditions. The effect of this action is to ensure that the rating schedule uses current medical terminology and to provide detailed and updated criteria for evaluation of dental and oral conditions for disability rating purposes.
August 3, 2017: Federal Register
(no author information available yet)
This document revises Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) medical regulations to reflect the codification of the authority for the VA Dental Insurance Program (VADIP), a program through which VA contracts with private dental insurers to offer premium-based dental insurance to enrolled veterans and certain survivors and dependents of veterans. The VA Dental Insurance Reauthorization Act of 2016 codified the authority of the VADIP, and this final rulemaking accordingly revises the authority citation in the VA medical regulations that implement VADIP...
April 4, 2017: Federal Register
Joan B Wilentz, Dushanka V Kleinman, Michael C Alfano
A meeting to explore ways to expand access to oral health care for seniors-possibly by expanding a dental benefit in Medicare-was convened in Arlington, VA, by the Santa Fe Group. Four factors motivated the meeting: PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: The model Medicare dental benefit presented generated much discussion. There was agreement that any dental benefit must attract participating dentists. Agreement was also reached on the importance of public demonstration projects to further establish cost savings from dental care for patients with comorbid diseases, the need to collaborate with nondental advocacy and policy groups to establish that overall health benefits for seniors are gained by adding oral health care, and the necessity of oral health literacy campaigns working directly at the community level with the general public and others, including educators and the media, as well as with policy makers and providers from all health fields and at all levels of professional training...
April 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
Srikanth Koya, K S Ravichandra, Vasa A Arunkumar, Suzan Sahana, H M Pushpalatha
AIM: To determine the prevalence of early childhood caries (ECC) and its risk factors in children of West Godavari district, Andhra Pradesh. STUDY DESIGN: A sample of 1,897 children between 24 and 71 months of age based on stratified cluster random sampling were clinically examined for dental caries using mouth mirror under day light. The parents/caregivers of each child were interviewed with a structured questionnaire. Data was analyzed using independent sample Student's t-test and chi-square test...
July 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Terri LaCoursiere Zucchero, Sarah McDannold, D Keith McInnes
BACKGROUND: While dual usage of US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) and non-VA health services increases access to care and choice for veterans, it is also associated with a number of negative consequences including increased morbidity and mortality. Veterans with multiple health conditions, such as the homeless, may be particularly susceptible to the adverse effects of dual use. Homeless veteran dual use is an understudied yet timely topic given the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and Veterans Choice Act of 2014, both of which may increase non-VA care for this population...
September 7, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
Ulrike Boehmer, Mark Glickman, Judith A Jones, Michelle B Orner, Carolyn Wheler, Dan R Berlowitz, Nancy R Kressin
BACKGROUND: Racial disparities in dental care have previously been shown in the Veterans Health Administration (VA)-a controlled access setting valuing equitable, high-quality care. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to examine current disparities in dental care by focusing on the receipt of root canal therapy (RCT) versus tooth extraction. RESEARCH DESIGN: This is a retrospective analysis of data contained in the VA's electronic health records...
November 2016: Medical Care
Ashwag Aloyouny, Eric T Stoopler
Vibratory angioedema (VA) is a rare, inherited type of physical urticaria characterized by acute onset of mucosal and / or cutaneous edema that is triggered by vibration. We report a case of a 63-year-old woman with VA elicited by use of mechanized (vibratory) dental equipment. To our knowledge, this is the first report of VA induced by mechanical dental equipment.
November 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
Didem M Bernard, Thomas M Selden
BACKGROUND: Veteran access to care is an important policy issue that has not previously been examined with population-based survey data. OBJECTIVES: This study compares access to care for nonelderly adult Veterans versus comparable non-Veterans, overall and within subgroups defined by simulated eligibility for health care from the Veterans Health Administration and by insurance status. RESEARCH DESIGN: We use household survey data from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey from 2006 to 2011...
March 2016: Medical Care
Mohammad Moazeni-Bistgani, Reza Imani, Shahla Shahrjerdi
Hepatitis B (HB) disease occurs with high risk behaviors in the different communities. Aim of this study was to find out some of local customs in lifestyle that might be risk factors for transmitting this disease in order to design the educational programs and control it periodically in Chaharmahal VA Bakhtiari, Iran. This was a case-control study, carried out on patients with HB and the control group in Buldaji's district since October 2008 to March 2011. An expert person interviewed both these groups with a valid and reliable questionnaire...
November 2015: Acta Medica Iranica
Anabela Baptista Paula, Maria Isabel Dias, Manuel Marques Ferreira, Teresa Carrilho, Carlos Miguel Marto, João Casalta, António Silvério Cabrita, Eunice Carrilho
UNLABELLED: The value of aesthetic dentistry has precipitated several developments in the investigation of dental materials related to this field. The free marketing of these products is a problem and it is subject to various interpretations regarding its legality. There are several techniques for tooth whitening, the most used one being the external bleaching. It is the later version of such technique that poses the greatest danger of ingesting the product. The present study analysed the systemic effect of these products when they are swallowed...
October 2015: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
Kunihiko Nakamura, Hiroko Bissen-Miyajima, Mami Yoshino, Shinichi Oki
PURPOSE: To evaluate visual performance after contralateral implantation of AcrySof ReSTOR aspheric intraocular lenses (IOLs) with +3.0 and +4.0 diopter near additions. DESIGN: This was a retrospective case study conducted at Tokyo Dental College Suidobashi Hospital in Tokyo, Japan. METHODS: Eleven patients who were implanted with the SN6AD1 IOL and the SN6AD3 IOL contralaterally were included in this study. The distance, intermediate (1 m, 50 cm), and near (40 and 30 cm) uncorrected and corrected binocular visual acuity (VA), contrast sensitivity, depth of focus, and patient satisfaction were assessed more than 1 month postoperatively...
November 2015: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
Hiroko Bissen-Miyajima, Ken Hayashi, Manabu Hirasawa, Mami Yoshino, Kunihiko Nakamura, Motoaki Yoshida, Miki Masumoto, Hiroshi Sasaki
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of a newly developed diffractive multifocal intraocular lens (IOL) with +2.5 diopter near add power (SN6AD2, Alcon), whose theoretical distance for near focus is 50 cm. METHODS: This study included 128 eyes of 64 patients (23 men and 41 women, average age: 66.7 ± 7.2 years) following cataract removal at Tokyo Dental College Suidobashi Hospital and Hayashi Eye Hospital. Visual acuities (VAs) at distance, 1 m, 50 cm and 40 cm, and questionnaires were evaluated until 1 year postoperatively...
August 2015: Nippon Ganka Gakkai Zasshi
A D Loguercio, I Luque-Martinez, A H Lisboa, C Higashi, V A Oliveira Queiroz, R O Rego, A Reis
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the retention rates, gingival damage, and patients' preferences for adhesive restorations in noncarious cervical lesions (NCCL) associated with the use of rubber dam vs cotton rolls/retraction cord isolation. METHODS: Thirty patients having one pair of similar NCCL on opposing sides of the same arch were enrolled in this study. A total of 60 restorations were placed. In each patient one restoration was placed under rubber dam isolation (RD) using dental retainers, and the other one was placed using cotton rolls/retraction cord (CR/RC) isolation...
November 2015: Operative Dentistry
Li Zhou, Nikhil Jariwala, Leon Frazin
BACKGROUND: Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is a pivotal tool for diagnosis of aortic diseases. However, there are no suitable anatomical markers to describe location of disease in the descending thoracic aorta. In the past, we have used distance from the dental incisors to report location of disease, but this has no anatomical relevance. Our recent data comparing TEE and computed tomography (CT) have shown that the celiac artery is an accurate anatomical marker where disease is described as distance relative to the celiac artery...
January 2016: Echocardiography
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