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Baby out with the bath water

Mario Vega, Sangita Jindal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 4, 2016: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
Mouaffaa Tello, Feras Zaiem, Mary Catherine Tolcher, Mohammad Hassan Murad
Acting on results that are not statistically significant is challenging for clinicians. Such results are often interpreted as evidence of lack of association or as useless evidence. We provide a framework for interpreting and applying non-significant results at the point of care using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) approach.
October 2016: Evidence-based Medicine
Robert W Emery, Christopher C Krogh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Mureo Kasahara, Jean de Ville de Goyet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: Pediatric Transplantation
Henry Jampel, Jeffrey Kalenak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2015: Ophthalmology
J F Lemaître, C Vanpé, F Plard, C Pélabon, J M Gaillard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2015: Biology Letters
Ravin Mistry, David Walker
Perioperative β-blocker therapy has been advocated to reduce cardiac mortality and morbidity in high-risk cardiac patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery. Core data that supported this intervention and informed international societal guidelines has recently been withdrawn. A subsequent meta-analysis of the remaining data reporting excess mortality has re-opened the debate about the utility of β-blocker therapy in the perioperative period. Criticism of remaining trial designs and new insights into the protective mechanisms of β-blocker therapy in critical illness raise important questions that should now be addressed by a further robust, high-quality randomised control trial...
December 2014: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
Ian A Greer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2015: Evidence-based Medicine
Said Hachimi-Idrissi, Joline Goossens, Arthur Raymond Hubert van Zanten
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2014: Internal and Emergency Medicine
Michele Loi
This paper articulates a careful and detailed objection to the moral permissibility of postnatal abortion. Giubilini and Minerva (2012) claim that if being unable to nurture one's newborn child without significant burdens to oneself, family or society, is a proper moral ground for the demand that the life of a fetus be terminated, then 'after-birth abortion should be considered a permissible option for women who would be damaged by [rearing the child or] giving up their newborns for adoption.' It will be shown that the permissibility of postnatal abortion does not follow from the argument's premises, in particular, the premise that the newborn is not a person in the morally relevant sense...
September 2013: Monash Bioethics Review
Nurdan Fettah, Dilek Dilli, Serdar Beken, Aysegul Zenciroglu, Nurullah Okumuş
BACKGROUND: Near drowning is the term for survival after suffocation caused by submersion in water or another fluid. Pulmonary insufficiency may develop insidiously or suddenly because of near drowning. AIM: We want to present a newborn case of acute respiratory distress syndrome caused by near drowning. CASE: A 26-day-old boy was brought to the emergency department because of severe respiratory distress. Two hours before admission, the baby suddenly slipped out his mother's hands and fell in the bathtub full of water while bathing...
March 2014: Pediatric Emergency Care
G O Udigwe, O F Emelumadu, I B Udigwe
BACKGROUND: Women all over the world engage in some forms of postpartum practices aimed at keeping mother and child healthy. Although some of the practices are beneficial, some are of no value while some are out rightly harmful. The objective of this study was to determine the prevailing postpartum practices engaged in by Igbo women of South Eastern Nigeria. The above knowledge could be used to reinforce the beneficial ones while discouraging the harmful ones. METHODS: This is a questionnaire survey of mothers attending infant welfare clinic of our hospital augmented by in-depth interviews of patients, nurses and nurse midwives...
October 2013: West African Journal of Medicine
M Camilleri, A Acosta
Ghrelin is the endogenous ligand for the growth hormone secretagogue-1a receptor and is a potential target for treatment of gastroparesis. This viewpoint assesses the potential role of ghrelin agonists in the treatment of gastroparesis through a review of the early phase, randomized, controlled trials of ghrelin agonists in patients with diabetes and, either, delayed gastric emptying at the time of the trial or symptoms at the time of the trial, and prior documentation of delayed gastric emptying of solids...
November 2013: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
Chrystal Jaye, Zara Mason, Dawn Miller
A rapid decline in the number of general practitioners practicing obstetrics followed legislative changes in New Zealand during the early 1990s that changed the maternity care landscape. The resulting repositioning of maternity care professions has seen medical dominance give way to midwifery dominance in the maternity marketplace. Drawing on our research, we suggest that current and former general practitioner obstetricians harbor grievances relating to (1) the loss of obstetrics from the 'cradle to grave' philosophy of general practice, and (2) policies encouraging competition between maternity care providers...
2013: Medical Anthropology
Nadav Stoppelman, Tamar Harpaz, Michal Ben-Shachar
Speech processing engages multiple cortical regions in the temporal, parietal, and frontal lobes. Isolating speech-sensitive cortex in individual participants is of major clinical and scientific importance. This task is complicated by the fact that responses to sensory and linguistic aspects of speech are tightly packed within the posterior superior temporal cortex. In functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), various baseline conditions are typically used in order to isolate speech-specific from basic auditory responses...
May 2013: Brain and Behavior
Leah H Rubin, Katie Witkiewitz, Justin St Andre, Steve Reilly
Missing data are a major problem in the behavioral neurosciences, particularly when data collection is costly. Often researchers exclude cases with missing data, which can result in biased estimates and reduced power. Trying to avoid the deletion of a case because of a missing data point can be conducted, but implementing a naïve missing data method can result in distorted estimates and incorrect conclusions. New approaches for handling missing data have been developed but these techniques are not typically included in undergraduate research methods texts...
2007: Journal of Undergraduate Neuroscience Education: JUNE: a Publication of FUN, Faculty for Undergraduate Neuroscience
Linda Schenk, Nicole Gm Palmen
In 2007, the Dutch Working Conditions Act was revised with the goal to decrease the regulatory burden, and to open up for company-specific solutions of establishing a safe and healthy work environment. One tool geared towards company-specific solutions is the compilation of the Arbocatalogs, which are company or sector-level collections of safe working methods and guidelines developed both by employers and employees. The revision also introduced a new occupational exposure limit (OEL) system in the Netherlands...
June 2013: Annals of Occupational Hygiene
F Recker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2012: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
Brian R Abbott
The assessment of the potential for sexual violence is one of three prongs that must be met to satisfy the requirements for civil confinement of dangerous sex offenders in the 21 U.S. jurisdictions that have these laws. In a recent issue of The Journal, Sreenivasan et al. argued that, because of a host of methodological problems, actuarial risk assessment methods in general and the Static-99 and its progeny in particular are insufficient for accurate assessment of risk for dangerous sex offenders. They propose using a combination of clinical judgment with actuarial science as a solution...
2011: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
Rose Meades, Claire Pond, Susan Ayers, Fiona Warren
Postnatal debriefing is offered by 78% of maternity services in the UK despite little evidence from randomised controlled trials (RCTs) that it is effective. RCTs in this area have applied debriefing as a prophylactic to all or high risk women, rather than as a treatment for women who request it. This pragmatic trial therefore evaluated existing postnatal debriefing services that provide debriefing as a treatment for women who request it. Forty-six women who met criterion A for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and requested debriefing 1...
May 2011: Behaviour Research and Therapy
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