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Vascular desease

C Lorenzi, E Mossello, E Giuliani, N Nesti, M Bulgaresi, V Caleri, M Pieraccioli, E Tonon, M C Cavallini, C Baroncini, M Di Bari, C A Biagini, N Marchionni, A Ungar
OBJECTIVE: Available data on the prognostic role of blood pressure in older subjects with cognitive impairment are still scarce. We recently showed that tight control of blood pressure may be associated with a greater progression of cognitive impairment in the short term. Aim of this study is to evaluate the long term association of clinical and ambulatory blood pressure (BP) and antihypertensive drugs (AHD) with survival and desease progression in older subjects with cognitive impairment...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Paolo Di Benedetto, Giuseppe Niccoli, Alessandro Beltrame, Renato Gisonni, Vanni Cainero, Araldo Causero
BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of non traumatic osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) has not yet been established. The literature shows a variable nomenclatura for this condition that often leads to confusion. Several risk factors have been identified but histopathological and radiological outcomes are common. PURPOSE: To provide the overview on the current knowledges about the nomenclatura, etiology, disease progression, relationship between histopathological changes and imaging techniques in order to stage the disease accurately...
2016: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
A Montanino, A Fortunato, M Angelillo
In this paper, we study the fluid-structure interaction in a weakened basilar artery. The aim is to study how the wall shear stress changes in space and time because of the weakening, because spatial and temporal changes are thought to be possible causes of aneurysm and vascular deseases. The arterial wall, in its natural configuration, is modeled as a hyperelastic cylinder, inhomogeneous along its axis, in order to simulate the axis-symmetric weakening. The fluid is studied exploiting a recent approach for quasi-one-dimensional flows in slowly varying ducts, which allows to write the averaged equations of mass and energy balance on the basis of the velocity profile in a straight duct...
July 2016: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering
N G Grushka, S I Pavlovych, T M Bryzgina, V S Sukhina, N V Makogon, R I Yanchiy
There were performed the studies of genotoxic stress and the ways of immunocompetent cells death (apoptosis and necrosis) in the modeling of immune system damage by immunization of CBA mice with the bovine serum albumin. Immunofluorescence studies of immunized mice were established the fixation of immune complexes in liver tissue, spleen, kidney and the aorta. Histological studies of these organs showed vascular system affection and, to a lesser extent, parenchyma. It has been shown that DNA comets index increases in 1,4 time in the lymph node cells and in 1,5 time in the thymus cells in the presence of BSA immunization...
2015: Fiziolohichnyĭ Zhurnal
F Damorou, S Pessinaba, B Lawson, S Abdoulaye, B Soussou, K Grunitzky
Due to the recent establishment of the emergencies Units in Black Africa, their epidemiological aspects are not well known. Our aims was to describe the epidemiology of this desease in Togo. Through a retrospective analysis we study over a period of 42 mouths. From January first, 2001 to June 30th, 2004. It was carried out exclusively at CHU-Campus, the hospital of Lomé Campus, the second national medical center of reference. Included were all the patients with cardio-vascular emergency cases. We have studied the epidemilogical aspects according to the age, sex, profession, morbidity, and mortality...
2008: Le Mali Médical
T Frangov, V Dimitrova, D Kasten, A Bismiut
The advance of liver surgery and transplantation offers a new procedures--vascular clamping. Results of hepatic resections depends essentially on proper control of intraoperative hemorrhage. We present here the different procedures for vascular clamping and discussing their indications. Four parametres can be used to define the type of clamping: 1) place of application--control of arterial or glisson pedicles and portal veins (pedicles, selective hilar, suprahilar and intrahepatic clamps), suprahepatic veins or vena cava; 2) selectivity--partial or total clamp of hepatic blood supply; 3) duration--continuous or intermittent; 4) association measures to favor tolerence to ischemia (cooling, preservation fluids) or to limit downstream consequences (extracorporal circulaton, derivation)...
2005: Khirurgiia
O B Dynnik
The increased level of the circulating endothelial cells (CEC) is in direct dependance with a degree of an endothelial trauma. We defined CEC in blood (cells x 104/L) of 67 adults and children with acute and chronic viral hepatitis (A and B) and healthy volontiars. The author obtained reliable results of increased CEC in all groups consisting of patients with diffuse liver deseases (17,4+/-6,5 and 19,8+/-8,4) in comparison with control groups (3,8+/-1,9 and 3,8+/-1,2) thus CEC can be of practical value as a marker of microvessel lesions of the liver...
October 2006: Likars'ka Sprava
Alma Volievica, Amela Kulenovic, Almira Lujinovic, Elvira Talovic
Cerebrovascular deseases , cerebral vessels deseases, represents one of the greatest problems of humankind. The reasons are not just the high incidence and relatively high prevalence of letal outcomes in the acute faze of the desease, but also high level of disfunctionality caused by this disease in numerous patients who survived cerebrovascular insult and haemorraghe The onset, course and outcome of cerebrovascular diseases depends among other things on the possibility o f colateral brain circulation establishment...
2006: Medicinski Arhiv
G Gullace, C Bellet
Clinical and echo-phonomechanocardiographic reports. The results concerning 7 subjects with mitral valve prolapse (M.V.P.), all members of the same familiar group, are reported. The anamnestic investigation for cardio-vascular deseases, Marfan's syndrome or other abnormalities referred to mesenchimopathies has been negative. No subject with M.V.P. has referred subjective cardio-vascular symptoms nor radiological, ecgraphic and echo-phonomechanocardiographic signs of reduced cardiac function, have been pointed out...
1977: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
E P Urovitz, V L Fornasier
Recently, on the basis of in vitro experiments, a number of workers have suggested that degenerative disk desease may have an autoimmune basis. In order to corroborate these findings, a histopathologic study was undertaken on 218 specimens. A series of 108 Schmorl's nodes and 110 intervertebral disks obtained at laminectomy were examined for an immune-reaction type of inflammatory cellular infiltrate. While no inflammatory cellular infiltrates were found in any of the specimens, there were granulation tissue ingrowths and vascular invasion...
July 1979: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
I Bakran
253 patients with acute pancreatitis were treated in clinic for surgery in Zagreb through last 23 years. The most frequent cause of pancreatitis were diseases of biliary tract, obesity, vascular deseases, alcoholism etc. In the symtomatology, the pain was present in all patients and majority of them had abdominal symptoms as well. Most of the patients came to the treatment within the firsts 24 to 48 hours. Besides Trasylol various conservative therapy was applied and some patients were operated either on billiary ducts or on pancreas...
1977: Acta Chirurgica Iugoslavica
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