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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641350/-laparoscopic-assisted-mobilisation-and-resection-of-a-sacrococcygeal-teratoma-altman-type-iii
#1
Jan Gödeke, Veronika Engel, Oliver Münsterer
Objective This video is a step-by-step illustration of the laparoscopic-assisted mobilisation and resection of a sacrococcygeal teratoma Altman type III. Indication Laparoscopic supralevatory tumour mobilisation is an established method in selected centres and can be the initial step in approaching sacrococcygeal teratomas with an intrapelvic portion, facilitating a complete (R0) resection. Method Laparoscopic surgery is performed in supine position with a 5 mm umbilical trocar, a 5 mm trocar in the right upper abdomen, and two 3 mm trocars in the left middle and lower abdomen...
June 2017: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641275/a-case-series-of-surgically-diagnosed-idiopathic-aortitis-in-a-canadian-centre-a-retrospective-study
#2
Diane L Murzin, Eric C Belanger, John P Veinot, Nataliya Milman
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic aortitis became recognized relatively recently, and the body of knowledge concerning this condition is scarce. We aimed to determine the frequency of idiopathic aortitis in aortic specimens, the clinical, laboratory and radiologic characteristics at diagnosis and during follow-up, and the approach to investigation, treatment and monitoring taken by the treating physicians. METHODS: We identified cases of aortitis diagnosed on pathological specimens of the aorta between Jan...
June 19, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640779/nonoperative-management-rather-than-endovascular-repair-may-be-safe-for-grade-ii-blunt-traumatic-aortic-injuries-an-eleven-year-retrospective-analysis
#3
Stephen M Spencer, Karen Safcsak, Chadwick P Smith, Michael L Cheatham, Indermeet S Bhullar
BACKGROUND: The Society of Vascular Surgery (SVS) guidelines currently suggest thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) for grade II-IV and non-operative management (NOM) for grade I blunt traumatic aortic injury (BTAI). However, there is increasing evidence that grade II may also be observed safely. The purpose of this study was to compare the outcome of TEVAR and NOM for grade I-IV BTAI and determine if grade II can be safely observed with NOM. METHODS: The records of patients with BTAI from 2004 to 2015 at a Level I trauma center were retrospectively reviewed...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635237/-comparison-of-the-short-term-and-long-term-outcomes-of-laparoscopic-surgery-and-open-surgery-for-early-stage-cervical-cancer
#4
H Y He, Z J Yang, D Y Zeng, D S Yao, J T Fan, R F Zhao, J Q Zhang, X X Hu, Z Lin, Y M Jiang, L Li
Objective: To evaluate the short-term and long-term outcomes after laparoscopic surgery compared with traditional laparotomy in cases of stage ⅠA2-ⅡA2 cervical cancer. Methods: We conducted a retrospective study on the clinical data of 1 863 patients diagnosed as FIGO stages ⅠA2-ⅡA2 cervical cancer in 6 third-grade class-A hospitals in Guangxi province between January 2007 and May 2014. One thousand and seventy-one received laparoscopy, and 792 received laparotomy. T-test, U-test and χ(2) test were used to compare the short-term and long-term outcomes...
June 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634629/medical-malpractice-claims-in-laparoscopic-gynecologic-surgery-a-dutch-overview-of-20-years
#5
Evelien M Sandberg, Esmée M Bordewijk, Désirée Klemann, Sara R C Driessen, Andries R H Twijnstra, Frank Willem Jansen
BACKGROUND: The success of newly introduced surgical techniques is generally primarily assessed by surgical outcome measures. However, data on medical liability should concomitantly be used to evaluate provided care as they give a unique insight into substandard care from patient's point of view. The aim of this study was to analyze the number and type of medical claims after laparoscopic gynecologic procedures since the introduction of advanced laparoscopy two decades ago. Secondly, our objective was to identify trends and/or risk factors associated with these claims...
June 20, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634450/leonurine-improves-age-dependent-impaired-angiogenesis-possible-involvement-of-mitochondrial-function-and-hif-1%C3%AE-dependent-vegf-activation
#6
Jia Qi, Jing J Wang, Jun L Duan, Zhao Y Lu, Yang G Yuan
Objective: Advanced age is associated with impaired angiogenesis in part because of mitochondrial dysfunction. We have recently reported that leonurine exerts protective effects in neuron via regulation of mitochondrial function. The aim of this study was to explore whether leonurine is able to attenuate mitochondrial dysfunction and to enhance angiogenesis in old rats with hindlimb ischemia. Methods and Results: At day 14 after surgery, hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression was decreased in the ischemic muscle of aged animals, which was accompanied by enhanced oxidative stress, increased mitochondrial damage, decreased capillary density, and reduced limb perfusion compared with young mice...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634319/common-hepatic-artery-quadrifurcation-associated-with-right-hepatic-artery-from-superior-mesenteric-artery-during-laparoscopic-total-splenopancreasectomy
#7
Francesco Caruso, Giorgio Alessandri, Francesca Ciccarese, Giovanni Cesana, Matteo Uccelli, Giorgio Castello, Roberta Villa, Stefano Olmi
Hepatobiliopancreatic surgery is challenging becouse of the complexity of resections and reconstructions and variability of vascular anatomy. The arterial vascularization of the liver is susteined by the common hepatic artery (CHA) that originates from the celiac trunk (CT). The CHA bifurcates into the gastroduodenal artery (GDA) and proper hepatic artery (PHA) 0.5-1 cm medial to the common bile duct (CBD), and the PHA bifurcates into a right and a left branch at hepatic hilum. The most frequent variants are the right hepatic artery (RHA) from the superior mesenteric artery (SMA), the left hepatic artery (LHA) from the left gastric artery (LGA) or a combination of these two variants...
June 12, 2017: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634312/-a-case-of-dural-arteriovenous-fistula-in-the-anterior-cranial-fossa-that-developed-remote-from-the-craniotomy-site-after-surgery
#8
Ichiro Kawahara, Takashi Fujimoto, Makoto Hirose, Keisuke Toyoda, Naoki Kitagawa
Dural arteriovenous fistula(dAVF)is relatively rare, and its etiology remains uncertain. Generally, dAVF is thought to be acquired and has been reported to develop secondary to sinus thrombosis, head injury, infection, and surgery. We report a rare case of dAVF in the anterior cranial fossa that developed remote from the craniotomy site after surgery. A 52-year-old man underwent surgery for hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage 4 years prior. Perioperative imaging modalities demonstrated no abnormal vascular malformation except for an un-ruptured anterior communicating artery aneurysm...
June 2017: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633352/aortopulmonary-window-results-of-repair-beyond-infancy%C3%A2
#9
Sachin Talwar, Bharat Siddharth, Saurabh Kumar Gupta, Shiv Kumar Choudhary, Shyam Sunder Kothari, Rajnish Juneja, Anita Saxena, Balram Airan
OBJECTIVES: To study the anatomic and haemodynamic data and results of surgery in patients undergoing surgical repair of aortopulmonary window beyond infancy. METHODS: Between July 2005 and December 2015, 23 patients, older than 1 year undergoing surgery for aortopulmonary window were analysed retrospectively. Postoperative clinical and echocardiography follow-up were performed. RESULTS: Median age and weight at repair was 4 years (range 14 months-12 years) and 12 kg (range 3...
June 13, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632969/vegf-is-neuroprotective-against-ischemic-brain-injury-by-inhibiting-scavenger-receptor-a-expression-on-microglia
#10
Zheng Xu, Kaiwei Han, Jigang Chen, Chunhui Wang, Yan Dong, Mingkun Yu, Rulin Bai, Chenguang Huang, Lijun Hou
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a secreted mitogen associated with angiogenesis. VEGF has long been thought to be a potent neurotrophic factor for the survival of spinal cord neuron. However, the role of VEGF in the regulation of ischemic brain injury remains unclear. In the study rats were subjected to MCAO (middle cerebral artery occlusion) followed by intraperitoneal injection of VEGF165 (10 mg/kg) immediately after surgery and once daily till the day 10, and the expression of target genes was assayed using qPCR, western blot and immunofluorescence, and the role of VEGF165 in regulating ischemic brain injury was assayed...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632515/p4-stump-approach-for-intraoperative-portal-vein-stenting-in-pediatric-living-donor-liver-transplantation-an-innovative-technique-for-a-challenging-problem
#11
Chao-Long Chen, Yu-Fan Cheng, Viola Huang, Ting-Lung Lin, Yi-Chia Chan, Hsin-You Ou, Chee-Chien Yong, Shih-Ho Wang, Chih-Che Lin
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the utility of the P4 stump stenting approach for treating portal vein (PV) complications in pediatric living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). BACKGROUND: PV complications cause significant morbidity and mortality in pediatric LDLT. Biliary atresia in the backdrop of pathological PV hypoplasia and sclerosis heightens the complexity of PV reconstruction. The authors developed a novel approach for intraoperative PV stenting via the graft segment 4 PV stump (P4 stump) to address this challenge...
June 19, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632147/crossover-iliofemoral-bypass-graft-through-tension-free-abdominal-wall-repair-mesh
#12
Mircea Muresan, Ovidiu Jimborean, Gabriela Jimborean, Radu Neagoe, Serban Bancu, Muresan Simona, Cristian Borz
INTRODUCTION: In vascular surgery the crossover iliofemoral bypass grafting is a well-known surgical technique. In general surgery the repair of an abdominal defect using a Polypropylene mesh is also a standard procedure. A particular technique is defined by the performance of these 2 separate procedures inside a single operation in which the crossover arterial graft is directed from the retroperitoneal space toward the contra-lateral femoral bifurcation through a Polypropylene mesh which closes the musculoaponeurotic layers of the abdominal wall...
June 8, 2017: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631905/-rationale-of-pharmacotherapy-duration-in-patients-with-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-a-clinical-morphological-study
#13
M E Sitdykova, D E Tsyplakov, E N Sitdykov, A R Nurtdinov
AIM: To investigate the nature of morphological alterations in the urinary bladder wall in BPH patients receiving pharmacotherapy to establish treatment time limits. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study comprised 120 BPH patients who underwent a transvesical adenomectomy. Prior to the surgery, 110 patients received pharmacotherapy (-blockers and 5-reductase inhibitors) lasting from 1-6 months to 5-10 years. Preoperative evaluation included a standard diagnostic algorithm...
June 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631712/-the-molecular-mechanisms-and-morphological-manifestations-of-leiomyoma-reduction-induced-by-selective-progesterone-receptor-modulators
#14
T A Demura, Z V Revazova, E A Kogan, L V Adamyan
AIM: to investigate the molecular mechanisms and morphological substrate of reduced uterine leiomyoma in patients receiving the selective progesterone receptor modulator (SPRM) ulipristal acetate for 3 months, by estimating the immunohistochemical expression of the markers steroid receptor coactivator 1 (SRC-1), nuclear receptor corepressor 1 (NCoR-1), ER, PgR, Ki-67, p16, TGF-β, and VEGF in tumor tissue. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The investigation enrolled 75 women with uterine leiomyoma, menorrhagias, and anemia...
2017: Arkhiv Patologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631629/poorly-differentiated-thyroid-carcinoma-a-hospital-based-clinicopathological-study-and-review-of-literature
#15
Thin Thin Win, Nor Hayati Othman, Irfan Mohamad
INTRODUCTION: Poorly differentiated thyroid carcinoma (PDTC) is a rare aggressive malignancy of thyroid follicular cells and has unique features in morphology and behavior. This study was aimed to describe the experience of a tertiary medical center with PDTC within a 10-year period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a descriptive retrospective study of eight cases of PDTC among 418 various thyroid carcinomas. All cases of PDTC were retrieved along with the clinicopathological information...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631382/a-phase-ii-trial-evaluating-the-feasibility-of-adding-bevacizumab-to-standard-osteosarcoma-therapy
#16
Fariba Navid, Victor M Santana, Michael Neel, M Beth McCarville, Barry L Shulkin, Jianrong Wu, Catherine A Billups, Shenghua Mao, Vinay M Daryani, Clinton F Stewart, Michelle Kunkel, Wendene Smith, Deborah Ward, Alberto S Pappo, Armita Bahrami, David M Loeb, Jennifer Reikes Willert, Bhaskar N Rao, Najat C Daw
Increased vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression in osteosarcoma correlates with a poor outcome. We conducted a phase II trial to evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of combining bevacizumab, a monoclonal antibody against VEGF, with methotrexate, doxorubicin and cisplatin (MAP) in patients with localized osteosarcoma. Eligible patients received 2 courses of MAP chemotherapy before definitive surgery at week 10. Bevacizumab (15 mg/kg) was administered 3 days before starting chemotherapy then on day 1 of weeks 3 and 5 of chemotherapy...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630754/nerve-injuries-of-the-upper-extremity-and-hand
#17
Lars B Dahlin, Mikael Wiberg
A nerve injury has a profound impact on the patient's daily life due to the impaired sensory and motor function, impaired dexterity, sensitivity to cold as well as eventual pain problems.To perform an appropriate treatment of nerve injuries, a correct diagnosis must be made, where the injury is properly classified, leading to an optimal surgical approach and technique, where timing of surgery is also important for the outcome.Knowledge about the nerve regeneration process, where delicate processes occur in neurons, non-neuronal cells (i...
May 2017: EFORT open reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630388/spontaneous-liver-rupture-associated-with-anticoagulant-therapy-a-case-report
#18
Marco Clementi, Sara Colozzi, Stefano Guadagni, Beatrice Pessia, Federico Sista, Mario Schietroma, Andrea Della Penna, Gianfranco Amicucci
Spontaneous hepatic rupture without underlying liver diseases is uncommon entity. We report a rare case of spontaneous rupture of liver hematoma in patient treated with warfarin end enoxaparin sodium because of pulmonary embolism. Two day after admission the patient complained generalized abdominal pain and hemodynamic instability. The abdominal US and TC scan revealed free fluid and lesion at right liver lobe. The patient, despite intravenous fluid support and blood transfusion, was hemodinamically instable and urgent laparotomy was needed...
January 20, 2017: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629558/is-there-a-trend-in-ct-scanning-scaphoid-nonunions-for-deformity-assessment-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Paul W L Ten Berg, Marieke G A de Roo, Mario Maas, Simon D Strackee
PURPOSE: The effect of scaphoid nonunion deformity on wrist function is uncertain due to the lack of reliable imaging tools. Advanced three-dimensional (3-D) computed tomography (CT)-based imaging techniques may improve deformity assessment by using a mirrored image of the contralateral intact wrist as anatomic reference. The implementation of such techniques depends on the extent to which conventional CT is currently used in standard practice. The purpose of this systematic review of medical literature was to analyze the trend in CT scanning scaphoid nonunions, either unilaterally or bilaterally...
June 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629445/effects-of-perioperative-statin-use-on-cardiovascular-complications-in-patients-submitted-to-non-cardiac-surgery-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-meta-analysis-and-trial-sequential-analysis
#20
Erica Aranha Suzumura, Rodrigo Antonini Ribeiro, Leticia Kawano-Dourado, Pedro Gabriel de Barros E Silva, Claudia Oliveira, Mabel Fernandes Figueiró, Alexandre Biasi Cavalcanti, Renato D Lopes, Otavio Berwanger
BACKGROUND: Preliminary evidence suggests statins may reduce major perioperative vascular events. However, evidence is limited to observational studies, underpowered trials, and non-comprehensive systematic reviews. This review aims to assess the effects of perioperative statin use on cardiovascular complications in patients submitted to non-cardiac surgery. METHODS: We will search MEDLINE/PubMed, EMBASE, LILACS, CENTRAL, Web of Science, and CINAHL for randomized controlled trials assessing the effects of perioperative statin use in adults undergoing non-cardiac surgery and reporting cardiovascular complications...
June 19, 2017: Systematic Reviews
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