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glaucoma Stem cell

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792678/modeling-glaucoma-retinal-ganglion-cells-generated-from-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells-of-patients-with-six6-risk-allele-show-developmental-abnormalities
#1
Pooja Teotia, Matthew J Van Hook, Christopher S Wichman, R Rand Allingham, Michael A Hauser, Iqbal Ahmad
Glaucoma represents a group of multifactorial diseases with a unifying pathology of progressive retinal ganglion cell (RGC) degeneration, causing irreversible vision loss. To test the hypothesis that RGCs are intrinsically vulnerable in glaucoma we have developed an in vitro model using the SIX6 risk allele carrying glaucoma patient-specific induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) for generating functional RGCs. Here, we demonstrate that the efficiency of RGC generation by SIX6 risk allele iPSCs is significantly lower than iPSCs-derived from healthy, age-and sex-matched controls...
August 9, 2017: Stem Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731936/case-series-keratolimbal-allograft-as-a-patch-graft-for-glaucoma-drainage-devices
#2
Sarah F Ahmed, Mason Schmutz, Sameh Mosaed
PURPOSE: Tube exposure remains one of the most common complications after glaucoma drainage device (GDD) implantation, despite various types of patch grafts available today. We present a 4 patient case series following the effectivity of the keratolimbal allograft (KLAL) as a patch graft for cases of tube exposure. Given its inherent population of stem cells, our hypothesis was that this highly replicative, biological tissue would provide an adequate means of glaucoma tube coverage. The subset of patients chosen for the KLAL patch graft all had a history of abnormally scarred conjunctiva or thin sclera...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683480/-penetrating-limbokeratoplasty-for-gelatinous-corneal-dystrophy
#3
Stefan J Lang, Daniel Böhringer, Thomas Reinhard
Background Gelatinous corneal dystrophy is a very rare disease in Europe and North America. Patients suffer from pain, photophobia and loss of vision, usually before the age of 20. Transplantation of limbal stem cells was proposed due to the high rate of recurrence after conventional penetrating keratoplasty. We present the results of penetrating limbokeratoplasty, a combined transplantation of cornea and limbal stem cells, in patients with gelatinous corneal dystrophy. Methods We present a series of 7 consecutive eyes with gelatinous corneal dystrophy, which were treated with penetrating limbokeratoplasty-4 eyes of 3 patients had already undergone multiple conventional corneal transplantations...
July 6, 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668352/the-chick-eye-in-vision-research-an-excellent-model-for-the-study-of-ocular-disease
#4
REVIEW
C Ellis Wisely, Javed A Sayed, Heather Tamez, Chris Zelinka, Mohamed H Abdel-Rahman, Andy J Fischer, Colleen M Cebulla
The domestic chicken, Gallus gallus, serves as an excellent model for the study of a wide range of ocular diseases and conditions. The purpose of this manuscript is to outline some anatomic, physiologic, and genetic features of this organism as a robust animal model for vision research, particularly for modeling human retinal disease. Advantages include a sequenced genome, a large eye, relative ease of handling and maintenance, and ready availability. Relevant similarities and differences to humans are highlighted for ocular structures as well as for general physiologic processes...
June 28, 2017: Progress in Retinal and Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660235/a-co-culture-model-for-determining-the-target-specificity-of-the-de-novo-generated-retinal-ganglion-cells
#5
Pooja Teotia, Matthew J Van Hook, Iqbal Ahmad
In glaucoma, the output neurons of the retina, the retinal ganglion cells (RGCs), progressively degenerate, leading to irreversible blindness (Ahram et al., 2015). The ex vivo stem cell method to replace degenerated RGCs remains a potentially viable approach (Levin et al., 2004). However, the success of the approach depends upon the ability of the de novo generated RGCs to connect over the long distance with specific targets in the central visual pathway. Here, we describe a protocol to examine the target specificity of the de novo generated RGCs using a co-culture approach where the RGCs neurites are allowed to choose between specific (superior colliculus; SC) and non-specific (inferior colliculus; IC) tectal targets...
April 5, 2017: Bio-protocol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655163/microrna-21a-5p-pdcd4-axis-regulates-mesenchymal-stem-cell-induced-neuroprotection-in-acute-glaucoma
#6
Wenru Su, Zuohong Li, Yu Jia, Yingting Zhu, Wenjia Cai, Peixing Wan, Yingying Zhang, Song Guo Zheng, Yehong Zhuo
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been demonstrated to have promising therapeutic benefits for a variety of neurological diseases; however, the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. Here, we showed that intravitreal infusion of MSCs promoted retinal ganglion cell (RGC) survival in a mouse model of acute glaucoma, with significant inhibition of microglial activation, production of TNF-α, IL-1β, and reactive oxygen species, as well as caspase-8 and caspase-3 activation. In vitro, MSCs inhibited both caspase-8-mediated RGC apoptosis and microglial activation, partly via the action of stanniocalcin 1 (STC1)...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Molecular Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643176/a-promising-tool-in-retina-regeneration-current-perspectives-and-challenges-when-using-mesenchymal-progenitor-stem-cells-in-veterinary-and-human-ophthalmological-applications
#7
REVIEW
Anna Cislo-Pakuluk, Krzysztof Marycz
Visual impairment is a common ailment of the current world population, with more exposure to CCD screens and fluorescent lighting, approximately 285 billion people suffer from this deficiency and 13% of those are considered clinically blind. More common causes for visual impairment include age-related macular degeneration (AMD), glaucoma and diabetic retinopathy (Zhu et al. Molecular Medicine Reports, 2015; Kolb et al. 2007; Machalińska et al. Current Eye Research, 34(9),748-760, 2009) among a few. As cases of retinal and optic nerve diseases rise, it is vital to find a treatment, which has led to investigation of the therapeutic potential of various stem cells types (Bull et al...
June 22, 2017: Stem Cell Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556530/characterizing-differences-between-mscs-and-tm-cells-towards-autologous-stem-cell-therapies-for-the-glaucomatous-trabecular-meshwork
#8
Eric J Snider, R Taylor Vannatta, Lisa Schildmeyer, W Daniel Stamer, C Ross Ethier
Glaucoma, a leading cause of blindness, is characterized by an increase in intraocular pressure (IOP), which is largely determined by resistance to aqueous humor outflow through the trabecular meshwork (TM). In glaucoma, the cellularity of the TM is decreased, and, as a result, stem cell therapies for the TM represent a potential therapeutic option for restoring TM function and treating glaucoma patients. We here focus on adipose derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) as a potential autologous cell source for TM regenerative medicine applications and describe characterization techniques at the messenger (RT-qPCR), protein (western blotting, flow cytometry), and functional (contractility, phagocytosis) levels to distinguish MSCs from TM cells...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540772/management-of-glaucoma-as-a-neurodegenerative-disease
#9
Gurjeet Jutley, Sheila Mh Luk, Mohammad H Dehabadi, M Francesca Cordeiro
Glaucoma is a neurodegenerative disease with an estimated prevalence of 60 million people, and the most common cause of irreversible blindness worldwide. The mainstay of treatment has been aimed at lowering intraocular pressure, currently the only modifiable risk factor. Unfortunately, despite adequate pressure control, many patients go on to suffer irreversible visual loss. We first briefly examine currently established intraocular pressure lowering-treatments, with a discussion of their roles in neuroprotection as demonstrated by both animal and clinical studies...
April 2017: Neurodegenerative Disease Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514956/transcriptome-analysis-for-the-identification-of-cellular-markers-related-to-trabecular-meshwork-differentiation
#10
Padmapriya Sathiyanathan, Cheryl Y Tay, Lawrence W Stanton
BACKGROUND: Development of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) is associated with the malfunctioning trabecular meshwork (TM). Cell therapy offers great potential for the treatment of POAG, but requires the generation of functional TM cells in vitro to replace the lost/dysfunctional cells. TM differentiation in vitro from various stem cell types must be monitored by the expression of specific markers. However, no single definitive marker of the TM has been identified. RESULTS: To identify robust markers of TM differentiation, we performed global transcriptome profiling using high-density oligonucleotide microarray on ex vivo TM tissue and cultured TM progenitors...
May 17, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510772/prevalence-incidence-and-risk-factors-for-the-development-of-glaucoma-in-patients-with-aniridia
#11
Shantha Balekudaru, Nandhini Sankaranarayanan, Sumita Agarkar
PURPOSE: To assess the prevalence, incidence, and risk factors for the development of glaucoma in patients with aniridia. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of case records of patients diagnosed as having congenital aniridia between January 1986 and December 2011 was performed. Patients with a follow-up of more than 12 months were included. RESULTS: Ninety-one patients (180 eyes) with the diagnosis of aniridia were identified from the case records...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494567/-the-advances-in-research-on-precisely-inducing-retinal-ganglion-cells-from-stem-cells
#12
K J Li, M Y Zhu, J Ge
The injury and repair of retinal neurons is a common scientific problem in the occurrence, development and prognosis of neuronal visual impairment. Transplant of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) differentiated from stem cells opens a new avenue for treatment of glaucoma and optic neuronal degenerative diseases. For the goal to explore the optimal method for RGCs replacement, this review summarizes the current information regarding the classification and application of stem cells, the growth characteristics of RGCs and the precise methods to induce RGCs, and discusses some important issues that need resolving and are related to RGCs transplantation...
May 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440470/proliferation-and-differentiation-of-direct-co%C3%A2-culture-of-bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stem-cells-and-pigmented-cells-from-the-ciliary-margin
#13
Yan Li, Xinzheng He, Jun Li, Fangfang Ni, Qingqing Sun, Yan Zhou
Damage of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) is the major consequence of glaucoma and regeneration of RGCs is extremely difficult once the damage has occurred. Retinal stem cells (RSCs) are considered an ideal choice for RGC regeneration. Pigmented cells from the ciliary margin (PCMs) have great retinal differentiation potential and may be an ideal RSC candidate. However, the ciliary margin is too small, so the number of cells that can be obtained is limited. Bone marrow‑derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMMSCs) are another type of stem cell that have been previously investigated for RGC regeneration...
June 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411269/novel-regulatory-mechanisms-for-the-soxc-transcriptional-network-required-for-visual-pathway-development
#14
Kun-Che Chang, Jonathan Hertz, Xiong Zhang, Xiao-Lu Jin, Peter Shaw, Brooke A Derosa, Janet Y Li, Praseeda Venugopalan, Daniel A Valenzuela, Roshni D Patel, Kristina R Russano, Shomoukh A Alshamekh, Catalina Sun, Kevin Tenerelli, Chenyi Li, Dmitri Velmeshev, Yuyan Cheng, Timothy M Boyce, Alexandra Dreyfuss, Mohammed S Uddin, Kenneth J Muller, Derek M Dykxhoorn, Jeffrey L Goldberg
What pathways specify retinal ganglion cell (RGC) fate in the developing retina? Here we report on mechanisms by which a molecular pathway involving Sox4/Sox11 is required for RGC differentiation and for optic nerve formation in mice in vivo, and is sufficient to differentiate human induced pluripotent stem cells into electrophysiologically active RGCs. These data place Sox4 downstream of RE1 silencing transcription factor in regulating RGC fate, and further describe a newly identified, Sox4-regulated site for post-translational modification with small ubiquitin-related modifier (SUMOylation) in Sox11, which suppresses Sox11's nuclear localization and its ability to promote RGC differentiation, providing a mechanism for the SoxC familial compensation observed here and elsewhere in the nervous system...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384726/restoration-of-aqueous-humor-outflow-following-transplantation-of-ipsc-derived-trabecular-meshwork-cells-in-a-transgenic-mouse-model-of-glaucoma
#15
Wei Zhu, Ankur Jain, Oliver W Gramlich, Budd A Tucker, Val C Sheffield, Markus H Kuehn
Purpose: Primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) is particularly common in older individuals and associated with pathologic degeneration of the trabecular meshwork (TM). We have shown previously that transplantation of induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) derived TM cells restores aqueous humor dynamics in young transgenic mice expressing a pathogenic form of human myocilin (Tg-MYOCY437H). This study was designed to determine if this approach is feasible in older mice with more pronounced TM dysfunction...
April 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315291/perspectives-of-stem-cell-based-therapy-for-age-related-retinal-degenerative-diseases
#16
Vladimir Holan, Barbora Hermankova, Jan Kossl
Retinal degenerative diseases, which include age-related macular degeneration, retinitis pigmentosa, diabetic retinopathy and glaucoma, mostly affect the elderly population, and are the most common cause of decreased quality of vision or even blindness. So far, there is no satisfactory treatment protocol to prevent, stop or cure these disorders. A great hope and promise for patients suffering from retinal diseases is represented by stem cell-based therapy which could replace diseased or missing retinal cells, and support regeneration...
March 17, 2017: Cell Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255771/amniotic-membrane-in-ophthalmology-properties-preparation-storage-and-indications-for-grafting-a-review
#17
REVIEW
Katerina Jirsova, Gary L A Jones
The use of amniotic membrane in ophthalmic surgery and other surgical procedures in the fields of dermatology, plastic surgery, genitourinary medicine and otolaryngology is on the increase. Furthermore, amniotic membrane and its epithelial and mesenchymal cells have broad use in regenerative medicine and hold great promise in anticancer treatment. Amniotic membrane is a rich source of biologically active factors and as such, promotes healing and acts as an effective material for wound dressing. Amniotic membrane supports epithelialization and exhibits anti-fibrotic, anti-inflammatory, anti-angiogenic and anti-microbial features...
June 2017: Cell and Tissue Banking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210901/transplantation-of-lineage-negative-stem-cells-in-pterygopalatine-artery-ligation-induced-retinal-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-mice
#18
Gillipsie Minhas, Sudesh Prabhakar, Ryuichi Morishita, Munehisa Shimamura, Reema Bansal, Akshay Anand
Retinal ischemia is a condition associated with retinal degenerative diseases such as glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, and other optic neuropathies, leading to visual impairment and blindness worldwide. Currently, there is no therapy available for ischemic retinopathies. Therefore, the aim of this study was to test a murine model of pterygopalatine artery ligation-induced retinal injury for transplantation of mouse bone marrow-derived lineage-negative (lin-ve) stem cells. The mouse external carotid artery and pterygopalatine artery were ligated for 3...
May 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198592/bone-marrow-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-derived-exosomes-promote-survival-of-retinal-ganglion-cells-through-mirna-dependent-mechanisms
#19
Ben Mead, Stanislav Tomarev
The loss of retinal ganglion cells (RGC) and their axons is one of the leading causes of blindness and includes traumatic (optic neuropathy) and degenerative (glaucoma) eye diseases. Although no clinical therapies are in use, mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) have demonstrated significant neuroprotective and axogenic effects on RGC in both of the aforementioned models. Recent evidence has shown that MSC secrete exosomes, membrane enclosed vesicles (30-100 nm) containing proteins, mRNA and miRNA which can be delivered to nearby cells...
April 2017: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186701/bone-marrow-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-derived-exosomes-promote-survival-of-retinal-ganglion-cells-through-mirna-dependent-mechanisms
#20
Ben Mead, Stanislav Tomarev
The loss of retinal ganglion cells (RGC) and their axons is one of the leading causes of blindness and includes traumatic (optic neuropathy) and degenerative (glaucoma) eye diseases. Although no clinical therapies are in use, mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) have demonstrated significant neuroprotective and axogenic effects on RGC in both of the aforementioned models. Recent evidence has shown that MSC secrete exosomes, membrane enclosed vesicles (30-100 nm) containing proteins, mRNA and miRNA which can be delivered to nearby cells...
January 26, 2017: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
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