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Bowel infarct

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899069/gastric-dilatation-and-intestinal-obstruction-mimicking-acute-coronary-syndrome-with-dynamic-electrocardiographic-changes
#1
H M M T B Herath, Anne Thushara Matthias, B S D P Keragala, W A E Udeshika, Aruna Kulatunga
BACKGROUND: ST elevation myocardial infarction is a medical emergency and the electrocardiogram is a part of the mainstay in the initial diagnosis. A variety of non-cardiac conditions have been known to mimic the electrocardiographic changes seen in acute coronary syndrome. We present a patient presenting with acute partial intestinal obstruction causing gastric distension and intestinal dilatation who also had dynamic electrocardiographic changes, mimicking anterior ST elevation myocardial infarction...
November 29, 2016: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897305/-cervical-ischaemic-neuronopathy-and-cardioembolism-another-cause-of-man-in-the-barrel-syndrome
#2
H Gonzalez-Usigli, A Gandarilla, J J Garcia, J Serrato, N Estrada
INTRODUCTION: Spinal infarction accounts for 1% of all strokes. Cardioembolism is a rare cause. Common areas of ischemic spinal damage are watershed in the dorsal or lumbar regions; however cervical spinal cord infarction has been reported previously. CASE REPORT: We present a new case of a man-in-the-barrel syndrome produced by cardiac embolization associated with atrial fibrillation during an acute myocardial infarction, which caused cervical ischemic neuronopathy (infarction of the anterior horn)...
December 16, 2016: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884744/technical-description-of-oblique-lateral-interbody-fusion-at-l1-l5-olif25-and-at-l5-s1-olif51-and-evaluation-of-complication-and-fusion-rates
#3
Kamal R M Woods, James B Billys, Richard A Hynes
BACKGROUND: The OLIF procedure is aimed at mitigating some of the challenges seen with traditional ALIF and transpsoas LLIF and allows for interbody fusion at L1-S1. PURPOSE: To describe the OLIF technique and assess the complication and fusion rates. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. PATIENT SAMPLE: 137 patients who underwent the oblique lateral interbody fusion (OLIF) procedure. OUTCOME MEASURES: Adverse events within 6 months of surgery: Infection, symptomatic pseudarthrosis, hardware failure, vascular injury, perioperative blood transfusion, ureteral injury, bowel injury, renal injury, prolonged postoperative ileus (greater than 3 days), incisional hernia, pseudohernia, reoperation, neurological deficits (weakness, numbness, paresthesia), hip flexion pain, retrograde ejaculation, sympathectomy affecting lower extremities, deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, myocardial infarction, pneumonia, and cerebrovascular accident...
November 21, 2016: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867692/osteonecrosis-of-both-knees-in-a-woman-with-crohn-s-disease
#4
Mara Barbosa, José Cotter
Osteonecrosis is a very rare complication of Crohn's disease (CD). It is not clear if it is related to corticosteroid therapy or if it occurs as an extraintestinal manifestation of inflammatory bowel disease. We present the case of a patient with CD who presented with osteonecrosis of both knees. A 22 years old woman was diagnosed with CD in April 2012 (Montreal Classification A2L1 + L4B3p). She was started on prednisolone (40 mg/d), azathioprine (100 mg/d) and messalazine (3 g/d). In July 2012, due to active perianal disease, infliximab therapy was initiated...
November 6, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851647/2013-subtotal-bowel-infarction-associated-with-antiphospholipid-syndrome
#5
Jose Sala, Robert Ochoa, Eric Peden, Sherilyn Gordon Burroughs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802212/contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-to-evaluate-organ-microvascularization-after-operative-versus-endovascular-treatment-of-visceral-artery-aneurysms
#6
Karin Pfister, Piotr M Kasprzak, Ernst M Jung, René Müller-Wille, Walter Wohlgemuth, Reinhard Kopp, Wilma Schierling
PURPOSE: To evaluate the organ microvascularization after operative versus endovascular treatment of visceral artery aneurysms (VAAs) by contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) and colour-coded duplex sonography (CCDS). METHOD AND MATERIALS: Between April 1995 to January 2016, 168 patients (78 males, 90 females; median age: 62 years) were diagnosed with VAAs at our hospital site. 60/168 patients (36%) fulfilled treatment criteria and had either open (29/60, 48%) or endovascular (31/60, 52%) aneurysm repair...
October 12, 2016: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801921/a-case-of-ileus-and-st-segment-elevation
#7
Osama Siddique, Somwail Rasla, Seth Clark, Aravind Kokkirala
ST segment elevation is associated with non-cardiac pathologies but is not as well reported as myocardial infarction. We present a case of a 63-year-old man who was admitted for an overdose on cyclobenzaprine with signs of anti-cholinergic toxicity. He developed signs of ileus on imaging and became progressively obtunded. He was noted to have ST segment elevations on electrocardiogram (EKG) with no troponin elevation. Patient required urgent catheterization which showed normal coronary arteries. His bowel was decompressed subsequently resulting in resolution of the ST segment changes...
November 1, 2016: Rhode Island Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790517/isolated-mesenteric-vascular-injury-following-blunt-abdominal-trauma-leading-to-massive-segmental-gangrene-of-small-gut-a-case-report
#8
Sibabrata Kar, Vandana Mohapatra, Pratap Kumar Rath
Isolated mesenteric vascular injury following blunt abdominal trauma as a result of road traffic accidents is rare. Delay in reaching hospital, delay in diagnosis, or late operative intervention could lead to increased morbidity, prolonged hospital stay and even mortality. We herein report a case of such injury with subsequent massive segmental small bowel infarction. The patient was referred to our institute ten hours after the alleged accident. Resection of the infarcted bowel segment with end-to-end anastomosis was done...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774838/tranexamic-acid-in-patients-undergoing-coronary-artery-surgery
#9
Paul S Myles, Julian A Smith, Andrew Forbes, Brendan Silbert, Mohandas Jayarajah, Thomas Painter, D James Cooper, Silvana Marasco, John McNeil, Jean S Bussières, Shay McGuinness, Kelly Byrne, Matthew T V Chan, Giovanni Landoni, Sophie Wallace
Background Tranexamic acid reduces the risk of bleeding among patients undergoing cardiac surgery, but it is unclear whether this leads to improved outcomes. Furthermore, there are concerns that tranexamic acid may have prothrombotic and proconvulsant effects. Methods In a trial with a 2-by-2 factorial design, we randomly assigned patients who were scheduled to undergo coronary-artery surgery and were at risk for perioperative complications to receive aspirin or placebo and tranexamic acid or placebo. The results of the tranexamic acid comparison are reported here...
October 23, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752386/a-case-of-abdominal-aortic-retroperitoneal-and-mesenteric-amyloid-light-chain-amyloidoma
#10
Kazuhiro Yokota, Dai Kishida, Hidekazu Kayano, Masahide Yazaki, Yuki Shimada, Yuji Akiyama, Toshihide Mimura
We report the case of a Japanese woman with amyloid light chain (AL) amyloidoma in the abdominal aortic retroperitoneum and mesentery. Irregular soft tissue mass lesions with calcification in the abdominal aortic retroperitoneum and mesentery were initially detected by computed tomography at another hospital. The lesions gradually compressed the duodenum, causing symptoms of bowel obstruction. The patient was clinically diagnosed with retroperitoneal fibrosis, and prednisolone was administered at a dose of 40 mg/day...
2016: Case Reports in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721981/polyarteritis-nodosa-with-a-chronic-relapsing-course
#11
Ashok Kumar, Anshul Goel, Mehul Lapsiwala
Polyarteritis nodosa is a medium artery vasculitis that can cause fatal complications. It commonly follows an acute monophasic course that may remit after treatment or cause serious morbidity or death. A 24-year-old patient described here had many vasculitic episodes in the past 16 years causing infarction of different organs. The last episode was most serious which caused mononeuritis multiplex, digital gangrene, bowel gangrene and subsequent perforations. There was strong clinical suspicion of this disease right from the beginning...
October 2016: Oxford Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708540/combination-therapy-of-interventional-radiology-and-surgery-for-infarction-of-the-small-intestine-caused-by-portal-vein-and-mesenteric-vein-thrombosis-a-patient-report
#12
Takayoshi Kimura, Satoru Murata, Shiro Onozawa, Takahiko Mine, Tatsuo Ueda, Fumie Sugihara, Daisuke Yasui, Izumi Miki, Shinichiro Kumita, Toshihide Ogawa
We report the case of a man in his 70s who suffered from intestinal infarction caused by acute portal vein and mesenteric vein thrombosis (PVMVT). Combination therapy with percutaneous transcatheter thrombectomy and surgical bowel resection was successfully performed, and a satisfactory outcome was achieved. Intestinal infarction caused by PVMVT can be fatal and has a high mortality rate even if surgical resection is performed. The combination therapy of interventional radiology and surgery might be a safe and effective method for patients with this life-threatening condition...
September 2016: Yonago Acta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639007/mesenteric-venous-thrombosis
#13
REVIEW
Sheila N Blumberg, Thomas S Maldonado
OBJECTIVE: This review explores the current literature on the natural history, diagnosis, and management of mesenteric venous thrombosis (MVT) in the modern era. METHODS: A review of the contemporary literature from 1997 to 2016 on MVT and its pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment was performed. RESULTS: MVT is an insidious and lethal disease associated with acute mesenteric ischemia. The prevalence of MVT has increased sharply during the past two decades commensurate with an increase in radiographic imaging for abdominal complaints...
October 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638992/mesenteric-vein-thrombosis-can-be-safely-treated-with-anticoagulation-but-is-associated-with-significant-sequelae-of-portal-hypertension
#14
Thomas S Maldonado, Sheila N Blumberg, Sharvil U Sheth, Gabriel Perreault, Mikel Sadek, Todd Berland, Mark A Adelman, Caron B Rockman
BACKGROUND: Mesenteric venous thrombosis (MVT) is a relatively uncommon but potentially lethal condition associated with bowel ischemia and infarction. The natural history and long-term outcomes are poorly understood and under-reported. METHODS: A single-institution retrospective review of noncirrhotic patients diagnosed with MVT from 1999 to 2015 was performed using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision and radiology codes. Patients were excluded if no radiographic imaging was available for review...
October 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27603002/combined-epidural-general-anesthesia-vs-general-anesthesia-alone-for-elective-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-repair
#15
Amit Bardia, Akshay Sood, Feroze Mahmood, Vwaire Orhurhu, Ariel Mueller, Mario Montealegre-Gallegos, Marc R Shnider, Klaas H J Ultee, Marc L Schermerhorn, Robina Matyal
Importance: Epidural analgesia (EA) is used as an adjunct procedure for postoperative pain control during elective abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) surgery. In addition to analgesia, modulatory effects of EA on spinal sympathetic outflow result in improved organ perfusion with reduced complications. Reductions in postoperative complications lead to shorter convalescence and possibly improved 30-day survival. However, the effect of EA on long-term survival when used as an adjunct to general anesthesia (GA) during elective AAA surgery is unknown...
September 7, 2016: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591552/prognostic-value-of-tissue-transition-projection-3d-transparent-wall-ct-reconstructions-in-bowel-ischemia
#16
Marco Moschetta, Arnaldo Scardapane, Michele Telegrafo, Nicola Maria Lucarelli, Valentina Lorusso, Giuseppe Angelelli, Amato Antonio Stabile Ianora
BACKGROUND: Multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) represents the gold standard in patients with acute abdomen syndrome and suspected bowel ischemia. It provides a correct diagnosis and contributes to appropriate treatment planning. This study aims to evaluate the role of 3D Tissue Transition Projection (TTP) transparent wall CT reconstruction for detecting the degree of bowel dilatation and to correlate this finding with the aetiology and prognosis in patients affected by mesenteric infarction...
August 31, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27542135/hospitalizations-for-acute-myocardial-infarction-are-decreased-among-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-using-a-nationwide-inpatient-database
#17
Edward L Barnes, Renee M Beery, Allison R Schulman, Ellen P McCarthy, Joshua R Korzenik, Rachel W Winter
BACKGROUND: Questions remain regarding the true prevalence of cardiovascular events such as myocardial infarction (MI) among patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS), we aimed to compare the proportion of hospitalizations for acute MI among patients with IBD with that of the general population. METHODS: This study used data from years 2000 to 2011 in Nationwide Inpatient Sample, the largest publicly available all-payer inpatient database in the United States...
September 2016: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27427905/effect-of-the-diagnosis-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-on-risk-adjusted-mortality-in-hospitalized-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction-congestive-heart-failure-and-pneumonia
#18
Eli D Ehrenpreis, Ying Zhou, Aimee Alexoff, Constantine Melitas
INTRODUCTION: Measurement of mortality in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), congestive heart failure (CHF) and pneumonia (PN) is a high priority since these are common reasons for hospitalization. However, mortality in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that are hospitalized for these common medical conditions is unknown. METHODS: A retrospective review of the 2005-2011 National Inpatient Sample (NIS), (approximately a 20% sample of discharges from community hospitals) was performed...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27378939/electrophysiological-mechanisms-of-gastrointestinal-arrhythmogenesis-lessons-from-the-heart
#19
REVIEW
Gary Tse, Eric T H Lai, Alex P W Lee, Bryan P Yan, Sunny H Wong
Disruptions in the orderly activation and recovery of electrical excitation traveling through the heart and the gastrointestinal (GI) tract can lead to arrhythmogenesis. For example, cardiac arrhythmias predispose to thromboembolic events resulting in cerebrovascular accidents and myocardial infarction, and to sudden cardiac death. By contrast, arrhythmias in the GI tract are usually not life-threatening and much less well characterized. However, they have been implicated in the pathogenesis of a number of GI motility disorders, including gastroparesis, dyspepsia, irritable bowel syndrome, mesenteric ischaemia, Hirschsprung disease, slow transit constipation, all of which are associated with significant morbidity...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27358669/endoscopic-management-of-sigmoid-volvulus-in-children
#20
REVIEW
Filippo Parolini, Paolo Orizio, Anna Lavinia Bulotta, Miguel Garcia Magne, Giovanni Boroni, Gianpaolo Cengia, Fabio Torri, Daniele Alberti
Sigmoid volvulus (SV) is extremely uncommon in children and is usually associated with a long-standing history of constipation or pseudo-obstruction. An early diagnosis and management are crucial in order to prevent the appearance of hemorrhagic infarction of the twisted loop, avoiding further complications such as necrosis, perforation and sepsis. In patients with no evidence of peritonitis or ischemic bowel, treatment starts with resuscitation and detorsion of the SV, accomplished by means of sigmoidoscopy and concomitant rectal tube placement...
June 25, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
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