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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346750/from-healthcare-to-warfare-and-reverse-how-should-we-regulate-dual-use-neurotechnology
#1
Marcello Ienca, Fabrice Jotterand, Bernice S Elger
Recent advances in military-funded neurotechnology and novel opportunities for misusing neurodevices show that the problem of dual use is inherent to neuroscience. This paper discusses how the neuroscience community should respond to these dilemmas and delineates a neuroscience-specific biosecurity framework. This neurosecurity framework involves calibrated regulation, (neuro)ethical guidelines, and awareness-raising activities within the scientific community.
January 17, 2018: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346661/the-role-of-healthcare-and-education-systems-in-co-occurrence-of-health-risk-behaviours-in-27-european-countries
#2
Shiho Kino, Eduardo Bernabé, Wael Sabbah
Background: Contextual factors play an important role in health and related behaviours. This study aims to examine the association of co-occurrence of five health-risk behaviours with healthcare and education contextual factors using nationally representative samples from 27 European countries. Methods: Data were from Eurobarometer 72.3, 2009. The outcome was a count variable ranging from 0 to 5 indicating co-occurrence of five health-risk behaviours, namely smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, non-frequent fresh fruit consumption, physical inactivity and non-dental check-ups...
February 1, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346583/datamed-an-open-source-discovery-index-for-finding-biomedical-datasets
#3
Xiaoling Chen, Anupama E Gururaj, Burak Ozyurt, Ruiling Liu, Ergin Soysal, Trevor Cohen, Firat Tiryaki, Yueling Li, Nansu Zong, Min Jiang, Deevakar Rogith, Mandana Salimi, Hyeon-Eui Kim, Philippe Rocca-Serra, Alejandra Gonzalez-Beltran, Claudiu Farcas, Todd Johnson, Ron Margolis, George Alter, Susanna-Assunta Sansone, Ian M Fore, Lucila Ohno-Machado, Jeffrey S Grethe, Hua Xu
Objective: Finding relevant datasets is important for promoting data reuse in the biomedical domain, but it is challenging given the volume and complexity of biomedical data. Here we describe the development of an open source biomedical data discovery system called DataMed, with the goal of promoting the building of additional data indexes in the biomedical domain. Materials and Methods: DataMed, which can efficiently index and search diverse types of biomedical datasets across repositories, is developed through the National Institutes of Health-funded biomedical and healthCAre Data Discovery Index Ecosystem (bioCADDIE) consortium...
January 13, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346214/validation-of-biomarkers-for-early-detection-of-pancreatic-cancer-summary-of-the-alliance-of-pancreatic-cancer-consortia-for-biomarkers-for-early-detection-workshop
#4
Matthew R Young, Paul D Wagner, Sharmistha Ghosh, Jo Ann Rinaudo, Stuart G Baker, Kenneth S Zaret, Michael Goggins, Sudhir Srivastava
Pancreatic cancer is the third leading cause of cancer death in the United States, and the 5-year relative survival for patients diagnosed with pancreatic cancer is less than 10%. Early intervention is the key to a better survival outcome. Currently, there are no biomarkers that can reliably detect pancreatic cancer at an early stage or identify precursors that are destined to progress to malignancy. The National Cancer Institute in partnership with the Kenner Family Research Fund and the Pancreatic Cancer Action Network convened a Data Jamboree on Biomarkers workshop on December 5, 2016, to discuss and evaluate existing or newly developed biomarkers and imaging methods for early detection of pancreatic cancer...
February 2018: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346087/a-not-for-profit-regulatory-model-for-legal-recreational-cannabis-insights-from-the-regulation-of-gaming-machine-gambling-in-new-zealand
#5
Chris Wilkins
A dozen or more regulatory frameworks have been proposed for legal cannabis but many of the "not-for-profit" options have yet to be developed in any detail, reducing the likelihood they will be seriously considered by policy makers. New Zealand's innovative "not-for-profit" regulatory regime for gaming machine gambling (i.e. "slot machines") has reversed the previous increase in gambling expenditure, empowered local councils to cap the number of gambling venues, and is unique in requiring the societies operating gaming machines to distribution 40% of the gross expenditure from machines (i...
January 12, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346058/how-much-do-we-spend-creating-historical-estimates-of-public-health-expenditures-in-the-united-states-at-the-federal-state-and-local-levels
#6
Jonathon P Leider, Beth Resnick, David Bishai, F Douglas Scutchfield
The United States has a complex governmental public health system. Agencies at the federal, state, and local levels all contribute to the protection and promotion of the population's health. Whether the modern public health system is well situated to deliver essential public health services, however, is an open question. In some part, its readiness relates to how agencies are funded and to what ends. A mix of Federalism, home rule, and happenstance has contributed to a siloed funding system in the United States, whereby health agencies are given particular dollars for particular tasks...
January 18, 2018: Annual Review of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345844/assessing-hepatitis-c-spontaneous-clearance-and-understanding-associated-factors-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Dewi Nur Aisyah, Laura Shallcross, Alice Jane Hully, Alastair O'Brien, Andrew Hayward
New advances in the treatment of hepatitis C provide high levels of sustained viral response but their expense limits availability in publicly funded health systems. The aim of this review is to estimate the proportion of patients who will spontaneously clear HCV and to identify factors that are associated with clearance, to support better targeting of directly acting antivirals. We searched Ovid Embase, Ovid Medline and Pubmed from 1st January 1994 to 30th June 2015 for studies reporting hepatitis C spontaneous clearance and/or demographic, clinical, and behavioural factors associated with clearance...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345553/quality-and-variability-of-patient-directions-in-electronic-prescriptions-in-the-ambulatory-care-setting
#8
Yuze Yang, Stacy Ward-Charlerie, Ajit A Dhavle, Michael T Rupp, James Green
BACKGROUND: The prescriber's directions to the patient (Sig) are one of the most quality-sensitive components of a prescription order. Owing to their free-text format, the Sig data that are transmitted in electronic prescriptions (e-prescriptions) have the potential to produce interpretation challenges at receiving pharmacies that may threaten patient safety and also negatively affect medication labeling and patient counseling. Ensuring that all data transmitted in the e-prescription are complete and unambiguous is essential for minimizing disruptions in workflow at prescribers' offices and receiving pharmacies and optimizing the safety and effectiveness of patient care...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345432/getting-published
#9
EDITORIAL
Mike Tipton
Publications remain an important part of the currency of academia, they are intimately related to your professional standing, advancement and funding. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
January 18, 2018: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345005/-there-s-no-acknowledgement-of-what-this-does-to-people-a-qualitative-exploration-of-mental-health-among-parents-of-children-with-critical-congenital-heart-defects
#10
Sarah Woolf-King, Emily Arnold, Sandra Weiss, David Teitel
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to explore the psychological impact of parenting a child with a critical congenital heart defect (CHD), and the feasibility and acceptability of integrating psychological services into pediatric cardiology care. BACKGROUND: Children with critical CHD are at an increased risk for long-term behavioral, social, and emotional difficulties. Data suggest that this risk is partially attributable to parental mental health, which is a stronger predictor of long-term behavioral problems in CHD children than disease-specific and surgical factors...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345003/investigation-of-attributes-which-guide-choice-in-cataract-surgery-services-in-urban-sydney-australia
#11
Celeste Gilbert, Lisa Keay, Anna Palagyi, Vu Quang Do, Peter McCluskey, Andrew White, Nicole Carnt, Fiona Stapleton, Tracey-Lea Laba
BACKGROUND: It is critical to consult patients to develop patient-centred cataract surgery care. We aimed to identify attributes patients consider when making decisions about cataract surgery in an Australian context, where both publicly and privately funded surgery are available. This is the first step in investigating how decisions are made about cataract surgery services. METHODS: This observational qualitative study was undertaken in two public hospitals and one private practice in Sydney, Australia...
January 17, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344965/occupational-therapy-publications-by-australian-authors-a-bibliometric-analysis
#12
Ted Brown, Sharon A Gutman, Yuh-Shan Ho
BACKGROUND: Bibliometrics refers to the collection and measurement of publishing and citation data configurations with the goal of quantifying the influence of scholarly activities. Advantages of bibliometrics include the generation of quantitative indicators of impact, productivity, quality and collaboration. Those parties who benefit from the results of bibliometric analysis include researchers, educators, journal publishers, employers and research funding bodies. METHODS: A bibliometric analysis was completed of peer-reviewed literature from 1991 to 2015, written by Australian occupational therapists (who were able to be identified as such), and indexed in the Science Citation Index-Expanded (SCI-Expanded) or the Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI) databases...
January 18, 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344740/trends-in-awareness-and-use-of-hiv-prep-among-gay-bisexual-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-vancouver-canada-2012-2016
#13
Terrance Mosley, Moliehi Khaketla, Heather L Armstrong, Zishan Cui, Paul Sereda, Nathan J Lachowsky, Mark W Hull, Gbolahan Olarewaju, Jody Jollimore, Joshua Edward, Julio S G Montaner, Robert S Hogg, Eric A Roth, David M Moore
Gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (gbMSM) are at the highest risk for HIV infection in British Columbia (BC). Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) has been recently licensed but is currently not publicly funded in BC. Using respondent-driven sampling, we recruited a cohort of gbMSM to complete a computer-assisted self-interview with follow-up every 6 months. Stratified by HIV status, we examined trends in awareness of PrEP from 11/2012 to 02/2016 and factors associated with PrEP awareness. 732 participants responded to the PrEP awareness question...
January 17, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344350/the-sensitivity-of-the-human-thirst-response-to-changes-in-plasma-osmolality-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Fintan Hughes, Monty Mythen, Hugh Montgomery
Background: Dehydration is highly prevalent and is associated with adverse cardiovascular and renal events. Clinical assessment of dehydration lacks sensitivity. Perhaps a patient's thirst can provide an accurate guide to fluid therapy. This systematic review examines the sensitivity of thirst in responding to changes in plasma osmolality in participants of any age with no condition directly effecting their sense of thirst. Methods: Medline and EMBASE were searched up to June 2017...
2018: Perioperative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343977/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-six-therapies-for-the-treatment-of-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-due-to-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia
#15
James C Ulchaker, Melissa S Martinson
Objective: To conduct a cost-effectiveness analysis from payers' perspectives of six treatments for lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and to examine positioning of these modalities in the marketplace for the best use of health care funds and quality-of-life benefits for patients. Methods: The economic analysis was conducted with a Markov model to compare combination prescription drug therapy (ComboRx), minimally invasive therapies (MITs) including convective radiofrequency (RF) water vapor thermal therapy (Rezūm®), conductive RF thermal therapy (Prostiva®), and prostatic urethral lift (UroLift®), and invasive surgical procedures including photovaporization of the prostate (Greenlight® PVP) and transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP)...
2018: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research: CEOR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343493/ccg-criticises-nhs-england-after-being-ordered-to-cut-gp-funding
#16
Gareth Iacobucci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343475/staff-shortages-force-mental-health-trusts-to-cancel-patient-activities-and-close-wards-says-king-s-fund
#17
Abi Rimmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343462/a-tailored-web-based-advice-tool-for-skiers-and-snowboarders-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Ellen Kemler, Vincent Gouttebarge
BACKGROUND: Being active in sports has many positive health effects. The direct effects of engaging in regular physical activity are particularly apparent in the prevention of several chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer, hypertension, obesity, depression, and osteoporosis. Besides the beneficial health effects of being active, sports participation is unfortunately also associated with a risk of injuries. In the case of many sports injuries (eg, winter sports) preventive measures are not compulsory, which means that a behavioral change in sports participants is necessary to increase the use of effective measures, and subsequently prevent or reduce injuries in sports...
January 17, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343283/the-classroom-communication-resource-ccr-intervention-to-change-peer-s-attitudes-towards-children-who-stutter-cws-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Rizwana Mallick, Harsha Kathard, Lehana Thabane, Mershen Pillay
BACKGROUND: Children who stutter (CWS) are at a high-risk of being teased and bullied in primary school because of negative peer attitudes and perceptions towards stuttering. There is little evidence to determine if classroom-based interventions are effective in changing peer attitudes towards stuttering. The primary objective is to determine the effect of the Classroom Communication Resource (CCR) intervention versus usual practice, measured using the Stuttering Resource Outcomes Measure (SROM) 6-months post-intervention among grade 7 students...
January 17, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343213/the-community-is-just-a-small-circle-citizen-participation-in-the-free-maternal-and-child-healthcare-programme-of-enugu-state-nigeria
#20
Daniel C Ogbuabor, Obinna E Onwujekwe
BACKGROUND: There is a gap in knowledge about how citizen participation impacts governance of free healthcare policies for universal health coverage in low- and middle-income countries. OBJECTIVE: This study provides evidence about how social accountability initiatives influenced revenue generation, pooling and fund management, purchasing and capacity of health facilities implementing the free maternal and child healthcare programme (FMCHP) in Enugu State, Nigeria...
2018: Global Health Action
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