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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749591/free-smoking-cessation-mobile-apps-available-in-australia-a-quality-review-and-content-analysis
#1
Louise Thornton, Catherine Quinn, Louise Birrell, Ashleigh Guillaumier, Brad Shaw, Erin Forbes, Mark Deady, Frances Kay-Lambkin
OBJECTIVES: This review aimed to identify free, high-quality, smoking cessation mobile applications (apps) that adhere to Australian smoking cessation treatment guidelines. METHODS: A systematic search of smoking cessation apps was conducted using Google. The technical quality of relevant apps was rated using the Mobile Application Rating Scale. The content of apps identified as high quality was assessed for adherence to smoking cessation treatment guidelines. RESULTS: 112 relevant apps were identified...
July 27, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748064/publication-practices-and-responsible-authorship-a-review-article
#2
REVIEW
Elvis E Tarkang, Margaret Kweku, Francis B Zotor
Dissemination of research findings through the publication of one's work or a group of contributors is an important part of the research process, as this allows the passing on of benefits to a much wider community. In whatever evocative form this dissemination may take, the onus lies on the author(s) to ensure adherence to the code of ethics as it pertains to the integrity of the information being put out. We publish because we want our findings to be adapted into practice and application, or in some cases may be relevant to policy makers in decision-making...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747352/increasing-research-productivity-in-undergraduate-research-experiences-exploring-predictors-of-collaborative-faculty-student-publications
#3
Danielle X Morales, Sara E Grineski, Timothy W Collins
Little attention has been paid to understanding faculty-student productivity via undergraduate research from the faculty member's perspective. This study examines predictors of faculty-student publications resulting from mentored undergraduate research, including measures of faculty-student collaboration, faculty commitment to undergraduate students, and faculty characteristics. Generalized estimating equations were used to analyze data from 468 faculty members across 13 research-intensive institutions, collected by a cross-sectional survey in 2013/2014...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747207/lessons-learnt-from-the-magnet-malawian-german-hospital-partnership-the-german-perspective-on-contributions-to-patient-care-and-capacity-development
#4
Florian Neuhann, Sandra Barteit
BACKGROUND: Malawi is a low-income country with one of the highest HIV prevalence rates worldwide (Kendig et al., Trop Med Health 41:163-170, 2013). The health system depends largely on external funding. Official German development aid has supported health care in Malawi for many years (German Embassy Lilongwe, The German Development Cooperation in Malawi), including placing medical doctors in various departments of the Kamuzu Central Hospital (KCH) in Lilongwe. In 2008, a hospital partnership called MAGNET (Malawi German Networking for Capacity Building in Treatment, Training and Research at KCH) evolved as part of the German ESTHER network...
July 26, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747196/-if-donors-woke-up-tomorrow-and-said-we-can-t-fund-you-what-would-we-do-a-health-system-dynamics-analysis-of-implementation-of-pmtct-option-b-in-uganda
#5
Tanya Doherty, Donnela Besada, Ameena Goga, Emmanuelle Daviaud, Sarah Rohde, Nika Raphaely
BACKGROUND: In October 2012 Uganda extended its prevention of mother to child HIV transmission (PMTCT) policy to Option B+, providing lifelong antiretroviral treatment for HIV positive pregnant and breastfeeding women. The rapid changes and adoptions of new PMTCT policies have not been accompanied by health systems research to explore health system preparedness to implement such programmes. The implementation of Option B+ provides many lessons which can inform the shift to 'Universal Test and Treat', a policy which many sub-Saharan African countries are preparing to adopt, despite fragile health systems...
July 26, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747103/a-deliberative-framework-to-identify-the-need-for-real-life-evidence-building-of-new-cancer-drugs-after-interim-funding-decision
#6
Leanne Leung, Mário L de Lemos, Laurel Kovacic
Background With the rising cost of new oncology treatments, it is no longer sustainable to base initial drug funding decisions primarily on prospective clinical trials as their performance in real-life populations are often difficult to determine. In British Columbia, an approach in evidence building is to retrospectively analyse patient outcomes using observational research on an ad hoc basis. Methods The deliberative framework was constructed in three stages: framework design, framework validation and treatment programme characterization, and key informant interview...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746751/cancer-donor-preferences-for-disposition-of-their-biospecimens-after-biobank-closure
#7
Samuel C Allen, Margie D Dixon, Jeffrey M Switchenko, Rebecca D Pentz
BACKGROUND: Biobank funding is unstable and biobank administrators are concerned about loss of funding and subsequent biobank closure. Nevertheless, only a minority of biobanks have policies regarding the distribution or destruction of tissue if the biobank were to close. To the authors' knowledge, the current study is the first to report on the preferences of oncology biospecimen donors regarding the handling of their biospecimens in the event of biobank closure. METHODS: A total of 98 biospecimen donors who were diagnosed with cancer at the Georgia Cancer Center for Excellence at Grady Memorial Hospital or the Winship Cancer Institute were interviewed concerning their preferences for the handling of their biospecimens in the event of biobank closure...
July 26, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746240/-does-the-organization-of-plastic-surgery-units-into-independent-departments-affect-academic-productivity
#8
Scott N Loewenstein, Stephen Duquette, Nakul Valsangkar, Umakanth Avula, Neha Lad, Juan Socas, Roberto L Flores, Rajiv Sood, Leonidas G Koniaris
BACKGROUND: There is an increased push for plastic surgery units in the United States to become independent departments administered autonomously rather than as divisions of a multispecialty surgery department. The purpose of this research was to determine if there are any quantifiable differences in the academic performance of departments versus divisions. METHODS: Using a list of the plastic surgery units affiliated with The American Council of Academic Plastic Surgeons (ACAPS), unit websites were queried for departmental status and to obtain a list of affiliated faculty...
July 12, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746136/using-organizational-philosophy-to-create-a-self-sustaining-compensation-plan-without-harming-academic-missions
#9
Robert Leverence, Richard Nuttall, Rachel Palmer, Mark Segal, Alicia Wood, Fay Yancey, Jonathon Shuster, Mark Brantly, Robert Hromas
PROBLEM: Academic physician reimbursement has moved to productivity-based compensation plans. To be sustainable, such plans must be self-funding. Additionally, unless research and education are appropriately valued, faculty involved in these efforts will become disillusioned, yet revenue generation in these activities is less robust than for clinical care activities. APPROACH: Faculty at the Department of Medicine, University of Florida Health, elected a committee of junior and senior faculty and division chiefs to restructure the compensation plan in fiscal year (FY) 2011...
August 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745986/ventilation-in-extremely-preterm-infants-and-respiratory-function-at-8-years
#10
Lex W Doyle, Elizabeth Carse, Anne-Marie Adams, Sarath Ranganathan, Gillian Opie, Jeanie L Y Cheong
BACKGROUND: Assisted ventilation for extremely preterm infants (<28 weeks of gestation) has become less invasive, but it is unclear whether such developments in care are associated with improvements in short-term or long-term lung function. We compared changes over time in the use of assisted ventilation and oxygen therapy during the newborn period and in lung function at 8 years of age in children whose birth was extremely premature. METHODS: We conducted longitudinal follow-up of all survivors of extremely preterm birth who were born in Victoria, Australia, in three periods - the years 1991 and 1992 (225 infants), 1997 (151 infants), and 2005 (170 infants)...
July 27, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745562/evaluation-of-the-awareness-and-effectiveness-of-it-security-programs-in-a-large-publicly-funded-health-care-system
#11
Shelanne L Hepp, Rima C Tarraf, Arden Birney, Mubashir Aslam Arain
BACKGROUND: Electronic health records are becoming increasingly common in the health care industry. Although information technology (IT) poses many benefits to improving health care and ease of access to information, there are also security and privacy risks. Educating health care providers is necessary to ensure proper use of health information systems and IT and reduce undesirable outcomes. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated employees' awareness and perceptions of the effectiveness of two IT educational training modules within a large publicly funded health care system in Canada...
January 1, 2017: HIM Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745067/participants-understanding-of-informed-consent-for-biobanking-a-systematic-review
#12
Elizabeth R Eisenhauer, Alan R Tait, Soo Young Rieh, Cynthia M Arslanian-Engoren
Nurses are increasingly asked to obtain consent from participants for biobanking studies. Biobanking has added unique complexities to informed consent. The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate participants' level of understanding of the information presented during the informed consent process unique to the donation of biological specimens for research. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines were utilized to conduct the review. PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Scopus, Web of Science, and ProQuest bibliographic databases were searched...
July 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745008/-you-cannot-collect-data-using-your-own-resources-and-put-it-on-open-access-perspectives-from-africa-about-public-health-data-sharing
#13
Evelyn Anane-Sarpong, Tenzin Wangmo, Claire Leonie Ward, Osman Sankoh, Marcel Tanner, Bernice Simone Elger
Data-sharing is a desired default in the field of public health and a source of much ethical deliberation. Sharing data potentially contributes the largest, most efficient source of scientific data, but is fraught with contextual challenges which make stakeholders, particularly those in under-resourced contexts hesitant or slow to share. Relatively little empirical research has engaged stakeholders in discussing the issue. This study sought to explore relevant experiences, contextual, and subjective explanations around the topic to provide a rich and detailed presentation of what it means to different stakeholders and contexts to share data and how that can guide practice and ethical guidance...
July 25, 2017: Developing World Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742989/agricultural-leaders-influence-on-the-safety-culture-of-workers
#14
Frank A Gasperini
Most US farmers are small, independent owner-operators, many of whom are exempt from safety regulation and enforcement, as well as age restrictions relative to family members performing hazardous tasks. These smaller farms account for a disproportionate share of the total fatality and injury statistics from farming incidents, contributing to an agriculture-industry death rate that is seven times greater than all occupations combined. In contrast, large agricultural enterprises that employ larger numbers of non-family workers are more regulated and more highly incentivized by economic, supply chain, and societal factors to implement cultures of safety, and are more readily influenced by agricultural opinion leaders, agribusinesses, farm organizations, and agricultural media...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738423/continued-statin-prescriptions-after-adverse-reactions-and-patient-outcomes-a-cohort-study
#15
Huabing Zhang, Jorge Plutzky, Maria Shubina, Alexander Turchin
Background: Many patients discontinue statin treatment, often after having a possible adverse reaction. The risks and benefits of continued statin therapy after an adverse reaction are not known. Objective: To examine the relationship between continuation of statin therapy (any prescription within 12 months after an adverse reaction) and clinical outcomes. Design: Retrospective cohort study. Setting: Primary care practices affiliated with 2 academic medical centers...
July 25, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738015/observational-study-to-estimate-the-changes-in-the-effectiveness-of-bacillus-calmette-gu%C3%A3-rin-bcg-vaccination-with-time-since-vaccination-for-preventing-tuberculosis-in-the-uk
#16
Punam Mangtani, Patrick Nguipdop-Djomo, Ruth H Keogh, Lucy Trinder, Peter G Smith, Paul Em Fine, Jonathan Sterne, Ibrahim Abubakar, Emilia Vynnycky, John Watson, David Elliman, Marc Lipman, Laura C Rodrigues
BACKGROUND: Until recently, evidence that protection from the bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccination lasted beyond 10 years was limited. In the past few years, studies in Brazil and the USA (in Native Americans) have suggested that protection from BCG vaccination against tuberculosis (TB) in childhood can last for several decades. The UK's universal school-age BCG vaccination programme was stopped in 2005 and the programme of selective vaccination of high-risk (usually ethnic minority) infants was enhanced...
July 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737990/cost-effectiveness-of-novel-agents-in-medicare-patients-with-multiple-myeloma-findings-from-a-u-s-payer-s-perspective
#17
Ying Chen, David R Lairson, Wenyaw Chan, Jinhai Huo, Xianglin L Du
BACKGROUND: Since multiple myeloma (MM) incurs a substantial economic burden in care management, more and more discussion has been generated in recent years about the costs of novel antimyeloma drugs and their associated value. Because of these costs, economic assessment that quantifies value of care over the long-term is essential. OBJECTIVE: To determine the cost-effectiveness (measured as cost per life-year saved) of front-line novel agent-based therapy use among a cohort of elderly patients with MM in a real-world setting...
August 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737989/incremental-effect-of-the-addition-of-prescriber-restrictions-on-a-state-medicaid-s-pharmacy-only-patient-review-and-restriction-program
#18
Shellie L Keast, Timothy Pham, Ashley Teel, Nancy J Nesser
BACKGROUND: Patient review and restriction programs (PRRPs), used by state Medicaid programs to limit potential abuse and misuse of opioids and related controlled medications, often restrict members to a single pharmacy for controlled medications. While most states use a restricted pharmacy access model, not all states include restricted prescriber access. Oklahoma Medicaid (MOK) added a restricted prescriber access feature to its PRRP in July 2014. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incremental effect that the addition of a prescriber restriction to MOK's pharmacy-only PRRP had on the pharmacy and resource utilization of the enrolled members...
August 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737986/real-world-adherence-and-persistence-to-oral-disease-modifying-therapies-in-multiple-sclerosis-patients-over-1-year
#19
Kristen M Johnson, Huanxue Zhou, Feng Lin, John J Ko, Vivian Herrera
BACKGROUND: Disease-modifying therapies (DMTs) are indicated to reduce relapse rates and slow disease progression for relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS) patients when taken as prescribed. Nonadherence or non-persistence in the real-world setting can lead to greater risk for negative clinical outcomes. Although previous research has demonstrated greater adherence and persistence to oral DMTs compared with injectable DMTs, comparisons among oral DMTs are lacking. OBJECTIVE: To compare adherence, persistence, and time to discontinuation among MS patients newly prescribed the oral DMTs fingolimod, dimethyl fumarate, or teriflunomide...
August 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737985/evaluation-of-patient-migration-patterns-and-related-health-care-costs-within-a-national-medicare-advantage-prescription-drug-plan-after-implementation-of-an-oxycodone-hcl-extended-release-access-restriction
#20
Chi-Chang Chen, Ajita P De, Brian Sweet, Rolin L Wade
BACKGROUND: Health plans use formulary restrictions (e.g., prior authorization, step therapy, tier change, nonformulary status) in an effort to control cost and promote quality, safety, and appropriate prescription utilization. Some Medicare payers perceive that the inclusion of certain agents, such as branded oxycodone HCl extended-release tablets (OERs), on their formularies is associated with attracting high-cost members to the plan. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate disenrollment rates, patient migration, and subsequent health care costs among OER users who disenrolled from a national Medicare Advantage Prescription Drug plan (study-MAPD) in the plan year following OER nonformulary restriction...
August 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
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