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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793034/a-case-control-study-about-foetal-trauma-during-cesarean-delivery
#1
Enora Dolivet, Cécile Delesalle, Rémi Morello, Marie Blouet, Corinne Bronfen, Michel Dreyfus, Guillaume Benoist
OBJECTIVE: The caesarean section rate is gradually increasing in most countries. The frequency of occurrence of foetal injury per birth is estimated to 1%. The majority of these injuries presents a low functional impact, but remains responsible for a significant neonatal morbidity. Even though the foetal risk factors are well documented in cases of vaginal birth, they have not been accurately identified for cesarean section. The aim of this study is to identify the risk factors for neonatal fracture during caesarean section...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792992/frailty-status-as-a-predictor-of-three-month-cognitive-and-functional-recovery-following-spinal-surgery-a-prospective-pilot-study
#2
Robert J Rothrock, Jeremy M Steinberger, Henry Badgery, Andrew C Hecht, Samuel K Cho, John M Caridi, Stacie Deiner
Background Context As increasing numbers of elderly Americans undergo spinal surgery, it is important to identify which patients are at highest risk for poor cognitive and functional recovery. Frailty is a geriatric syndrome which has been closely linked to poor outcomes, and short form screening may be a helpful tool for preoperative identification of at risk patients. Purpose To conduct a pilot study on the usefulness of a short-form screening tool to identify elderly patients at increased risk for prolonged cognitive and functional recovery following elective spine surgery...
May 21, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792982/portuguese-children-dietary-exposure-to-multiple-mycotoxins-an-overview-of-risk-assessment-under-mycomix-project
#3
Ricardo Assunção, Carla Martins, Elsa Vasco, Alessandra Jager, Carlos Oliveira, Sara Cunha, José Fernandes, Baltazar Nunes, Susana Loureiro, Paula Alvito
Mycotoxins are secondary fungi metabolites that induce acute and chronic toxic effects in humans and animals. Simultaneous contamination of cereal-based products by multiple mycotoxins has been increasingly reported, including in food products usually consumed by children. Although some previous authors assessed the health risk of children exposed to multiple mycotoxins, scarce data are available on the risk associated with the ingestion of multiple mycotoxins through different food products. MYCOMIX, a national funded project, intended to contribute to fill this gap...
May 21, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792542/defining-bladder-health-in-women-and-girls-implications-for-research-clinical-practice-and-public-health-promotion
#4
Emily S Lukacz, Tamara G Bavendam, Amanda Berry, Cynthia S Fok, Sheila Gahagan, Patricia S Goode, Cecilia T Hardacker, Jeni Hebert-Beirne, Cora E Lewis, Jessica Lewis, Lisa Kane Low, Jerry L Lowder, Mary H Palmer, Ariana L Smith, Sonya S Brady
BACKGROUND: Bladder health in women and girls is poorly understood, in part, due to absence of a definition for clinical or research purposes. This article describes the process used by a National Institutes of Health funded transdisciplinary research team (The Prevention of Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms [PLUS] Consortium) to develop a definition of bladder health. METHODS: The PLUS Consortium identified currently accepted lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and outlined elements of storage and emptying functions of the bladder...
May 24, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792466/the-science-of-team-science-a-review-of-the-empirical-evidence-and-research-gaps-on-collaboration-in-science
#5
Kara L Hall, Amanda L Vogel, Grace C Huang, Katrina J Serrano, Elise L Rice, Sophia P Tsakraklides, Stephen M Fiore
Collaborations among researchers and across disciplinary, organizational, and cultural boundaries are vital to address increasingly complex challenges and opportunities in science and society. In addition, unprecedented technological advances create new opportunities to capitalize on a broader range of expertise and information in scientific collaborations. Yet rapid increases in the demand for scientific collaborations have outpaced changes in the factors needed to support teams in science, such as institutional structures and policies, scientific culture, and funding opportunities...
May 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792074/lessons-learned-conducting-a-multi-center-trial-with-a-military-population-the-tinnitus-retraining-therapy-trial
#6
Roberta W Scherer, Leonora D Sensinger, Benigno Sierra-Irizarry, Craig Formby
Background The Tinnitus Retraining Therapy Trial (TRTT), a randomized, placebo-controlled, multi-center trial, evaluated the efficacy of tinnitus retraining therapy and its individual components, tinnitus-specific educational counseling and sound therapy versus the standard of care, in military practice to improve study participants' quality of life. The trial was conducted at six US military hospitals to take advantage of the greater prevalence of tinnitus in the military population. Methods During the trial, various challenges arose that were uniquely related to the military setting...
May 1, 2018: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791940/global-neurology-navigating-career-possibilities
#7
Nicoline Schiess, Deanna Saylor, Joseph Zunt
Neurology has not typically been associated with international relief work; however, with the growth of chronic cardiovascular disease and stroke associated with unhealthy eating and sedentary ways, the appearance of "new" neurologic diseases, such as the Zika and West Nile viruses, and the high numbers of seizure disorders resulting from neuroinfectious diseases, more opportunities are arising for international and globally oriented neurologists. Multiple opportunities exist for developing a global clinician-educator career pathway, including private institutions, nongovernmental organizations, government-funded opportunities such as Medical Education Partnership Initiative, Fogarty and Fulbright Scholarships, and the American Academy of Neurology's Global Health Section...
April 2018: Seminars in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791017/addressing-the-vexed-issue-of-authorship-and-author-order-a-discussion-paper
#8
Terence V McCann, Meg Polacsek
AIMS: To review and discuss authorship and author order in the context of nursing and midwifery publications and to present a set of principles to guide and justify author order. BACKGROUND: Variation in author order trends is evident across different authors, disciplines and countries. Confusion and conflict between authors give rise to important issues concerning ethics and collaboration and may delay publication. Lack of transparency in authorship practices also impedes judgements when individual contributions are used in support of employment, promotion, tenure and/or research funding applications...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790824/addressing-the-challenges-of-ecmo-simulation
#9
Guillaume Alinier, Ibrahim Fawzy Hassan, Abdullah Alsalemi, Mohammed Al Disi, Ali Ait Hssain, Ahmed Labib, Yahya Alhomsi, Fayçal Bensaali, Abbes Amira, Abdulsalam Saif Ibrahim
INTRODUCTION/AIM: The patient's condition and high-risk nature of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) therapy force clinical services to ensure clinicians are properly trained and always ready to deal effectively with critical situations. Simulation-based education (SBE), from the simplest approaches to the most immersive modalities, helps promote optimum individual and team performance. The risks of SBE are negative learning, inauthenticity in learning and over-reliance on the participants' suspension of disbelief...
May 1, 2018: Perfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790631/allied-health-clinicians-using-translational-research-in-action-to-develop-a-reliable-stroke-audit-tool
#10
Philip Abery, Suzanne Kuys, Mary Lynch, Nancy Low Choy
OBJECTIVE: To design and establish reliability of a local stroke audit tool by engaging allied health clinicians within a privately funded hospital. METHODS: Design: Two-stage study involving a modified Delphi process to inform stroke audit tool development and inter-tester reliability. PARTICIPANTS: Allied health clinicians. INTERVENTIONS: A modified Delphi process to select stroke guideline recommendations for inclusion in the audit tool...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790174/an-update-of-nih-research-funding-of-aapm-members-from-1985-to-2017
#11
Brendan Whelan
Excellence in scientific research is one of the three pillars of the AAPMs mission to advance medicine, along with excellence in education and professional practice. The primary funder of medical research in the USA is the National Institutes of Health (NIH), which in 2017 had a budget of $33 billion USD. The Working Group for a Research Database (WGRD) previously published a special report into the development and testing of an algorithm to create a database of NIH funding of AAPM members [1]. The published data covered the years 1985 to 2015...
May 23, 2018: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789878/nuts-as-a-replacement-for-carbohydrates-in-the-diabetic-diet-a-reanalysis-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
David J A Jenkins, Cyril W C Kendall, Benoît Lamarche, Monica S Banach, Korbua Srichaikul, Edward Vidgen, Sandy Mitchell, Tina Parker, Stephanie Nishi, Balachandran Bashyam, Russell J de Souza, Christopher Ireland, Sathish C Pichika, Joseph Beyene, John L Sievenpiper, Robert G Josse
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: In line with current advice, we assessed the effect of replacing carbohydrate consumption with mixed nut consumption, as a source of unsaturated fat, on cardiovascular risk factors and HbA1c in type 2 diabetes. The data presented here are from a paper that was retracted at the authors' request ( https://doi.org/10.2337/dc16-rt02 ) owing to lack of adjustment for repeated measures in the same individual. Our aim, therefore, was to fix the error and add new complementary data of interest, including information on clotting factors and LDL particle size...
May 23, 2018: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789077/open-science-in-switzerland
#13
Swiss National Science Foundation
The results of research financed by public funds are regarded as a public good and should be published electronically so that they are immediately and publicly available without charge and can be reused by third parties. The SNSF supports the principle of free accessibility: it has adopted the aim that all publications resulting from its funding will be openly accessible as of 2020. The article is a summary of information provided by the SNSF More information are available on the SNSF website.
May 30, 2018: Chimia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788434/a-novel-mouse-model-of-testicular-granulosa-cell-tumors
#14
Xin Fang, Nan Ni, Yang Gao, David F Vincent, Laurent Bartholin, Qinglei Li
STUDY QUESTION: What is the role of dysregulated transforming growth factor beta (TGFB) signaling in the development of sex cord-stromal tumors in the testis? SUMMARY ANSWER: Overactivation of TGFB signaling results in the development of testicular tumors resembling granulosa cell tumors (GrCTs). WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: In an earlier study, we demonstrated that constitutively active TGFB receptor 1 (TGFBR1) in ovarian somatic cells promotes the development of ovarian GrCTs...
May 21, 2018: Molecular Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788309/rethinking-the-outpatient-medication-list-increasing-patient-activation-and-education-while-architecting-for-centralization-and-improved-medication-reconciliation
#15
Frank Pandolfe, Adam Wright, Warner V Slack, Charles Safran
Objective: Identify barriers impacting the time consuming and error fraught process of medication reconciliation. Design and implement an electronic medication management system where patient and trusted healthcare proxies can participate in establishing and maintaining an inclusive and up-to-date list of medications. Methods: A patient-facing electronic medication manager was deployed within an existing research project focused on elder care management funded by the AHRQ, InfoSAGE, allowing patients and patients' proxies the ability to build and maintain an accurate and up-to-date medication list...
May 17, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788136/an-experimental-evaluation-of-the-benefits-and-costs-of-providing-fertility-information-to-adolescents-and-emerging-adults
#16
J Boivin, E Koert, T Harris, L O'Shea, A Perryman, K Parker, C Harrison
STUDY QUESTION: Does the provision of fertility (compared to control) information affect fertility-related knowledge, perceived threat of infertility, anxiety, physical stress and fertility plans in adolescents and emerging adults? SUMMARY ANSWER: The provision of fertility information was associated with increased fertility knowledge (emerging adults) and greater infertility threat (adolescents and emerging adults). WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: According to fertility education research, adolescents and emerging adults know less than they should know about fertility topics...
May 17, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788064/project-based-learning-methodology-in-the-area-of-microbiology-applied-to-undergraduate-medical-research
#17
Estibaliz Mateo, Elena Sevillano
In the recent years, there has been a decrease in the number of medical professionals dedicated to a research career. There is evidence that students with a research experience during their training acquire knowledge and skills that increase the probability of getting involved in research more successfully. In the Degree of Medicine (University of the Basque Country) the annual core subject 'Research Project' introduces students to research. The aim of this work was to implement a project-based learning methodology, with the students working on microbiology, and to analyse its result along time...
May 17, 2018: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787858/a-randomized-clinical-trial-of-counseling-and-nicotine-replacement-therapy-for-treatment-of-african-american-non-daily-smokers-design-accrual-and-baseline-characteristics
#18
Nicole L Nollen, Lisa Sanderson Cox, Matthew S Mayo, Edward F Ellerbeck, Sheshadri Madhusudhana, Jasjit S Ahluwalia
BACKGROUND: Non-daily smokers (NDS) who smoke on some but not all days are a growing subset of United States (US) tobacco users. Racial/ethnic minorities are more likely to be NDS. African American NDS have strikingly high levels of nicotine and carcinogen exposure, making treatment of this high risk group a priority. METHODS: The current study is one of three ongoing federally-funded clinical trials of NDS and, to our knowledge the only RCT focused on racial/ethnic minority NDS...
May 19, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787529/motor-vehicle-crash-fatalaties-and-undercompensated-care-associated-with-legalization-of-marijuana
#19
Susan Steinemann, Daniel Galanis, Tiffany Nguyen, Walter Biffl
BACKGROUND: Half of U.S. states have legalized medical cannabis (marijuana), some allow recreational use. The economic and public health effects of these policies are still being evaluated. We hypothesized that cannabis legalization was associated with an increase in the proportion of motor vehicle crash fatalities involving cannabis-positive drivers, and that cannabis use is associated with high-risk behavior and poor insurance status. METHODS: Hawaii legalized cannabis in 2000...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786828/oral-contraceptives-for-pain-associated-with-endometriosis
#20
REVIEW
Julie Brown, Tineke J Crawford, Shree Datta, Andrew Prentice
BACKGROUND: Endometriosis is a common gynaecological condition which affects many women of reproductive age worldwide and is a major cause of pain and infertility. The combined oral contraceptive pill (COCP) is widely used to treat pain occurring as a result of endometriosis, although the evidence for its efficacy is limited. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness, safety and cost-effectiveness of oral contraceptive preparations in the treatment of painful symptoms ascribed to the diagnosis of laparoscopically proven endometriosis...
May 22, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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