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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793176/non-ldl-dyslipidemia-is-prevalent-in-the-young-and-determined-by-lifestyle-factors-and-age-the-lifelines-cohort
#1
Jeroen K de Vries, Jan W Balder, Michelle J Pena, Petra Denig, Andries J Smit
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Non-LDL dyslipidemia (NLD) confers cardiovascular risk, and prevalence rates appear to be high in elderly populations. Small cohorts have identified several lifestyle, anthropometric, and medical factors associated with NLD. We aimed to assess sex- and age-specific prevalence of NLD in a contemporary population cohort (n = 167 729), and to identify independent determinants of NLD, focusing on lifestyle, anthropometric, and medical factors. METHODS: The prevalence of NLD was assessed per 10-year age intervals in adults without cardiovascular disease not using lipid-modifying drugs from the Dutch LifeLines cohort...
May 21, 2018: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792998/bmi-and-gender-increase-risk-for-sacral-fractures-after-multilevel-instrumented-spinal-fusion-compared-to-bone-mineral-density-and-pelvic-parameters
#2
Stephan N Salzmann, Courtney Ortiz Miller, John A Carrino, Jingyan Yang, Jennifer Shue, Andrew A Sama, Frank P Cammisa, Federico P Girardi, Alexander P Hughes
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Sacral fractures are a rare but potentially devastating complication. Long-fusion constructs including the sacrum that do not extend to the pelvis may result in sacral fractures. Besides established risk factors including gender, age and number of levels fused, body mass index (BMI), pelvic parameters and bone mineral density (BMD) have also been proposed as potential risk factors for postoperative sacral fractures. The literature supporting this, however, is limited...
May 21, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792847/the-polymorphisms-of-atoh-7-et-1-and-ace-in-non-arteritic-anterior-ischemic-optic-neuropathy
#3
Ting Chen, Jin Ma, Guangliang Shan, Yong Zhong
Non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION) is a common cause of acute optic neuropathy in the elderly. The role of the genetic polymorphisms of Atonal Homolog 7 (ATOH7), Endothelin-1 (ET-1) and Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (ACE) in NAION and the combined effects of the gene-gene and gene-medical comorbidities on NAION were not clear. We conducted a perspective, case-control study. 71 NAION patients and 142 age and sex-matched healthy controls were enrolled. Single nucleotide polymorphisms of ATOH7 (rs1900004), ET-1 (rs5370) and ACE (rs1799752) were identified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method and all PCR products were screened with Sanger sequencing...
May 21, 2018: Experimental Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788091/determinants-of-incentive-preferences-for-health-behavior-change-in-japan
#4
Toshihiko Takada, Shingo Fukuma, Yosuke Yamamoto, Sayaka Shimizu, Kakuya Nihata, Jun Miyashita, Teruhisa Azuma, Michio Hayashi, Shunichi Fukuhara
Interest in the use of incentives to promote health behavior change has been growing worldwide. However, to develop an effective incentive program, accurate information regarding individual preferences is essential. Therefore, the aim of this study was to clarify determinants of incentive preferences for health behavior change. A self-completed questionnaire survey regarding incentives for health behavior change was conducted in a Japanese village in 2015. The outcome measures were individual preferences for features of incentives, including item, frequency, type and value...
May 19, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782391/impact-of-age-on-the-association-between-24-h-ambulatory-blood-pressure-measurements-and-target-organ-damage
#5
Thomas B Olesen, Manan Pareek, Jacob V Stidsen, Marie K Blicher, Susanne Rasmussen, Julie K K Vishram-Nielsen, Kathrine Kjaer-Hansen, Michael H Olsen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of age on the associations between hemodynamic components derived from 24-h ambulatory blood pressure (24-h ABPM) and target organ damage, in apparently healthy, nonmedicated individuals. METHODS: Twenty-four-hour ABPM and target organ damage (left ventricular mass index, pulse wave velocity, urine albumin : creatinine ratio and carotid atherosclerotic plaques) were evaluated in 1408 individuals. Associations were examined in regression models, stratified for age [middle-aged (41 or 51 years) or elderly (61 or 71 years)], and adjusted for sex, smoking status, and total-cholesterol...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782389/development-of-a-novel-self-administered-cognitive-assessment-tool-and-normative-data-for-older-adults
#6
Raphael J Monsch, Amélie C Burckhardt, Manfred Berres, Alessandra E Thomann, Michael M Ehrensperger, Luzius A Steiner, Nicolai Goettel
BACKGROUND: Preexisting cognitive impairment in surgical patients is one of the leading risk factors for adverse cognitive outcomes such as postoperative delirium and postoperative cognitive dysfunction. We developed a self-administered tablet computer application intended to assess the individual risk for adverse postoperative cognitive outcomes. This cross-sectional study aimed to establish normative data for the tool. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Healthy volunteers aged 65 years and above were administered the Mini-Mental State Examination, Geriatric Depression Scale, and Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's Disease-Neuropsychological Assessment Battery to assess cognitive health...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782310/putative-gonadotropin-releasing-hormone-agonist-therapy-and-dementia-an-application-of-medicare-hospitalization-claims-data
#7
Mark A Smith, Richard L Bowen, Richard Q Nguyen, George Perry, Craig S Atwood, Alfred A Rimm
BACKGROUND: Estrogen and hormone replacement therapies to reduce Alzheimer's disease (AD) have yielded conflicting results. However, this study proposes that the well-characterized increase in serum gonadotropins following menopause or andropause are accountable for the increased risk of developing AD among the elderly population. OBJECTIVE: To determine the role of gonadotropins in the development of AD and investigate gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist therapy as a potential preventative and/or disease-modifying approach to AD management...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781777/influence-of-sex-stereotyped-stimuli-on-the-mental-rotation-performance-of-elderly-persons
#8
Martina Rahe, Vera Ruthsatz, Petra Jansen, Claudia Quaiser-Pohl
BACKGROUND: In mental-rotation tests with cube figures as rotational objects, differences in favor of men are often found (Voyer, Voyer, & Bryden, 1995). Mental-rotation performance often declines with age (Jacewicz & Hartley, 1987), but sex differences usually remain (Herman & Bruce, 1983). METHODS: In this study, male- and female-stereotyped objects were used as rotational stimuli in a mental-rotation paper and pencil test (Ruthsatz, Neuburger, Rahe, Jansen, & Quaiser-Pohl, 2017) for elderly participants (age: 57-88 years)...
May 21, 2018: Experimental Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780097/-required-support%C3%A3-an-examination-of-the-subjective-quality-of-life-and-related-factors-in-elderly-people-eith-a-high-functional-capacity-who-need-mild-care
#9
Katsuki Nakamura, Yoshiki Abe, Taiga Shibayama, Kikue Hidaka
AIM: We aimed to investigate subjective quality of life (QOL) and related factors in elderly people with a high functional capacity using daycare centers who require support and mild long-term care. METHODS: We collected data on the basic attributes, social background (hobbies, JST-Index of Competence), and subjective QOL (Revision PGC Morale Scale) through interviews with 238 people ≥65 years of age using daycare centers who required support and long-term care (level 1, 2)...
2018: Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777994/analysis-of-incidence-mortality-and-survival-for-pancreatic-and-biliary-tract-cancers-across-europe-with-assessment-of-influence-of-revised-european-age-standardisation-on-estimates
#10
Pamela Minicozzi, Tiziana Cassetti, Claudia Vener, Milena Sant
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic (PC) and biliary tract (BTC) cancers have higher incidence and mortality in Europe than elsewhere. We analysed time-trends in PC/BTC incidence, mortality, and survival across Europe. Since the European standard population (ESP) was recently revised to better represent European age structure, we also assessed the effect of adopting the revised ESP to age-standardise incidence and mortality data. METHODS: We analysed PCs/BTCs (≥15 years) diagnosed in 2000-2007 and followed-up to end of 2008, in 29 European countries across five regions: UK/Ireland, and northern, central, southern, and eastern Europe...
May 16, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776783/epidemiology-of-pedestrian-motor-vehicle-fatalities-and-injuries-2006-2015
#11
Shu-Ling Chong, Li-Wei Chiang, John Carson Allen, Eric William Fleegler, Lois Kaye Lee
INTRODUCTION: Pedestrian road safety remains a public health priority. The objective of this study is to describe trends in fatalities and injuries after pedestrian-motor vehicle collisions in the U.S. and identify associated risk factors for pedestrian fatalities. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of U.S. pedestrian-motor vehicle collisions from 2006 to 2015 (performed in 2017). Pedestrian fatality and injury data were obtained from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's Fatality Analysis Reporting System and National Automotive Sampling System General Estimates System...
May 15, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776756/sex-hormone-binding-globulin-is-a-biomarker-associated-with-nonvertebral-fracture-in-men-on-dialysis-therapy
#12
Jasna Aleksova, Phillip Wong, Robert McLachlan, Kay Weng Choy, Peter R Ebeling, Frances Milat, Grahame J Elder
Gonadal hormones impact bone health and higher values of sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) have been independently associated with fracture risk in men without chronic kidney disease. People with chronic kidney disease have a greatly increased fracture risk, and gonadal dysfunction is common in men receiving dialysis treatment. Nevertheless, in these men the effect of gonadal steroids and SHBG on bone mineral density (BMD) and fracture risk is unknown. Here we investigate relationships between gonadal steroids, SHBG, BMD and fracture in men on long-term dialysis therapy, awaiting kidney or simultaneous pancreas kidney transplantation...
May 15, 2018: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775407/effect-of-healthy-aging-and-sex-on-middle-cerebral-artery-blood-velocity-dynamics-during-moderate-intensity-exercise
#13
Jaimie L Ward, Jesse C Craig, Yumei Liu, Eric Dennis Vidoni, Rebecca Malesky, David C Poole, Sandra A Billinger
Cerebral blood flow (CBF) velocity measured in the middle cerebral artery (MCAV ) increases with finite kinetics during moderate intensity exercise and both the amplitude and dynamics of the response provide invaluable insights into the controlling mechanisms. The MCAV response following exercise onset is well fit to an exponential model in young individuals but remains to be characterized in their older counterparts. The responsiveness of vasomotor control degrades with advancing age, especially in skeletal muscle, and we tested the hypothesis that older subjects would evince a slower and reduced MCAV response to exercise...
May 18, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773416/the-association-between-egfr-in-the-normal-or-mildly-impaired-range-and-incident-cadiovascular-disease-age-and-sex-analysis
#14
Alon Eisen, Avital Porter, Moshe Hoshen, Ran D Balicer, Orna Reges, Yardena Rabi, Morton Leibowitz, Zaza Iakobishvili, David Hasdai
BACKGROUND: Worse renal function, even in the normal or mildly impaired range, is associated with incident cardiovascular disease (CVD). Whether this association exists in both sexes across all ages is not known. METHODS: A population based cohort of individuals >22 years with no prior CVD and with an eGFR 60-130 ml/min/1.73 m2 . eGFR was calculated using the CKD-EPI formula. Incident CVD was defined as either myocardial infarction, unstable angina pectoris, coronary revascularization, or cerebrovascular event...
May 14, 2018: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770238/charlson-comorbidity-index-as-a-predictor-of-periodontal-disease-in-elderly-participants
#15
Jae-Hong Lee, Jung-Kyu Choi, Seong-Nyum Jeong, Seong-Ho Choi
Purpose: This study investigated the validity of the Charlson comorbidity index (CCI) as a predictor of periodontal disease (PD) over a 12-year period. Methods: Nationwide representative samples of 149,785 adults aged ≥60 years with PD (International Classification of Disease, 10th revision [ICD-10], K052-K056) were derived from the National Health Insurance Service-Elderly Cohort during 2002-2013. The degree of comorbidity was measured using the CCI (grade 0-6), including 17 diseases weighted on the basis of their association with mortality, and data were analyzed using multivariate Cox proportional-hazards regression in order to investigate the associations of comorbid diseases (CDs) with PD...
April 2018: Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769605/sex-difference-in-bone-architecture-and-bone-fragility-in-vietnamese
#16
Lan T Ho-Pham, Thao P Ho-Le, Linh D Mai, Tam M Do, Minh C Doan, Tuan V Nguyen
This study sought to define the sex-difference in trabecular and cortical bone parameters in Vietnamese individuals. The study involved 1404 women and 864 men aged between 20 and 86 years who were recruited from Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Trabecular and cortical volumetric BMD were measured at the proximal tibia and proximal radius at 4%, 38%, and 66% points, using a peripheral quantitative computed tomography XCT2000 (Stratec, Germany). Polar strength strain index was estimated from cortical bone parameters...
May 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766613/cortical-thickness-estimations-of-freesurfer-and-the-cat12-toolbox-in-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-and-healthy-controls
#17
Rene Seiger, Sebastian Ganger, Georg S Kranz, Andreas Hahn, Rupert Lanzenberger
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Automated cortical thickness (CT) measurements are often used to assess gray matter changes in the healthy and diseased human brain. The FreeSurfer software is frequently applied for this type of analysis. The computational anatomy toolbox (CAT12) for SPM, which offers a fast and easy-to-use alternative approach, was recently made available. METHODS: In this study, we compared region of interest (ROI)-wise CT estimations of the surface-based FreeSurfer 6 (FS6) software and the volume-based CAT12 toolbox for SPM using 44 elderly healthy female control subjects (HC)...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Neuroimaging: Official Journal of the American Society of Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766545/association-of-handgrip-strength-with-various-oral-functions-in-82-to-84-year-old-community-dwelling-japanese
#18
Yusuke Mihara, Ken-Ichi Matsuda, Kazunori Ikebe, Koudai Hatta, Motoyoshi Fukutake, Kaori Enoki, Taiji Ogawa, Hajime Takeshita, Chisato Inomata, Yasuyuki Gondo, Yukie Masui, Kei Kamide, Ken Sugimoto, Mai Kabayama, Tatsuro Ishizaki, Yasumichi Arai, Yoshinobu Maeda
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to elucidate the associations between muscle strength and several oral functions in a large cohort of community-dwelling, 82- to 84-year-old community-dwelling Japanese people. BACKGROUND DATA DISCUSSING THE PRESENT STATUS OF THE FIELD: Several studies have examined the relationships between physical performance and oral functions. However, no studies have investigated the associations of muscle strength with various objectively evaluated oral functional parameters in a large cohort of very old adults...
May 15, 2018: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766282/parameters-of-pulse-wave-velocity-determinants-and-reference-values-assessed-in-the-population-based-study-life-adult
#19
Daniel Baier, Andrej Teren, Kerstin Wirkner, Markus Loeffler, Markus Scholz
AIMS AND BACKGROUND: Parameters of arterial stiffness such as pulse wave velocity (PWV) were recently proposed as independent risk factors of cardiovascular events. We analyse three PWV parameters in the large population-based study LIFE-Adult to identify risk factors, normal and reference values. METHODS AND RESULTS: Brachial-ankle (ba), brachial-femoral (bf) and carotid-femoral (cf) PWV assessment was performed using Vicorder device. 8509 participants aged 19-80 were analysed...
May 15, 2018: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764482/healthcare-costs-and-utilization-associated-with-high-risk-prescription-opioid-use-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#20
Hsien-Yen Chang, Hadi Kharrazi, Dave Bodycombe, Jonathan P Weiner, G Caleb Alexander
BACKGROUND: Previous studies on high-risk opioid use have only focused on patients diagnosed with an opioid disorder. This study evaluates the impact of various high-risk prescription opioid use groups on healthcare costs and utilization. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study using QuintilesIMS health plan claims with independent variables from 2012 and outcomes from 2013. We included a population-based sample of 191,405 non-elderly adults with known sex, one or more opioid prescriptions, and continuous enrollment in 2012 and 2013...
May 16, 2018: BMC Medicine
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