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"Patient Blood Management"

Eeva-Maija Kinnunen, Marisa De Feo, Daniel Reichart, Tuomas Tauriainen, Giuseppe Gatti, Francesco Onorati, Luca Maschietto, Ciro Bancone, Francesca Fiorentino, Sidney Chocron, Karl Bounader, Magnus Dalén, Peter Svenarud, Giuseppe Faggian, Ilaria Franzese, Giuseppe Santarpino, Theodor Fischlein, Daniele Maselli, Carmelo Dominici, Saverio Nardella, Riccardo Gherli, Francesco Musumeci, Antonino S Rubino, Carmelo Mignosa, Giovanni Mariscalco, Filiberto G Serraino, Francesco Santini, Antonio Salsano, Francesco Nicolini, Tiziano Gherli, Marco Zanobini, Matteo Saccocci, Vito G Ruggieri, Jean Philippe Verhoye, Andrea Perrotti, Fausto Biancari
BACKGROUND: Excessive bleeding and blood transfusion are associated with adverse outcome after cardiac surgery, but their mechanistic effects are difficult to disentangle in patients with increased operative risk. This study aimed to evaluate the incidence and prognostic impact of bleeding and transfusion of blood products in low-risk patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Sixteen tertiary European centers of cardiac surgery contributed to the prospective European registry of CABG (E-CABG)...
October 23, 2016: Transfusion
Stephen T McSorley, David Mansouri, Paul G Horgan, Donald C McMillan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2016: Annals of Surgery
J C Oldroyd, K M Venardos, N J Aoki, A J Zatta, Z K McQuilten, L E Phillips, N Andrianopoulos, D J Cooper, P A Cameron, J P Isbister, E M Wood
BACKGROUND: The Australian and New Zealand (ANZ) Massive Transfusion (MT) Registry (MTR) has been established to improve the quality of care of patients with critical bleeding (CB) requiring MT (≥ 5 units red blood cells (RBC) over 4 h). The MTR is providing data to: (1) improve the evidence base for transfusion practice by systematically collecting data on transfusion practice and clinical outcomes; (2) monitor variations in practice and provide an opportunity for benchmarking, and feedback on practice/blood product use; (3) inform blood supply planning, inventory management and development of future clinical trials; and (4) measure and enhance translation of evidence into policy and patient blood management guidelines...
October 6, 2016: BMC Research Notes
Andra H James, Chad Grotegut, Homa Ahmadzia, Cathleen Peterson-Layne, Evelyn Lockhart
The purpose of this article is to review the use of blood products and hemostatic agents in the management of coagulopathy at the time of postpartum hemorrhage. Blood product administration strategies are broadly reviewed, including the role of the blood bank, the role of massive transfusion protocols, the role of laboratory monitoring, and the role of anesthesia management. Aspects of patient blood management are discussed. The concept refers to an evidence-based, comprehensive, multidisciplinary approach to optimizing the care of patients who might need transfusion and includes measures to avoid or minimize transfusion such as preoperative anemia management, cell salvage, and the use of hemostatic medication to reduce bleeding...
October 3, 2016: Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis
Kevin M Trentino, Stuart G Swain, Gary C Geelhoed, Frank F S Daly, Michael F Leahy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 27, 2016: Transfusion
Andreas Greinacher, Kerstin Weitmann, Anne Lebsa, Ulf Alpen, Doris Gloger, Wolfgang Stangenberg, Volker Kiefel, Wolfgang Hoffmann
BACKGROUND: Changes in demographics with increases in older age groups and decreases in younger age groups imply an increased demand for blood transfusions paralleled by a decrease in the population eligible for blood donation. However, more restrictive transfusion triggers and the patient blood management initiative also reduce the demand for red blood cells (RBCs). Eastern Germany is a model region for the impact of demographic changes, which manifest in this region approximately 10 years earlier than in other regions due to the 50% birth rate decline after 1989...
September 25, 2016: Transfusion
Guixiang Sun, Xiangfu Liu, Zhiguo Liu, Jianguo Tan, Yiwen Hao, Guiqiu Shan, Qun Luo, Deqing Wang, Yanchao Xing, Xianqing Zhang, Jiwu Gong, Lihua Kuang, Simon J Stanworth, Aiqing Wen
BACKGROUND: Cirrhosis is a complex acquired disorder of hemostasis and patients frequently receive blood transfusions. But there is very limited data on patterns of blood use at a patient level. AIMS: To characterize blood use in cirrhotic patients in China and compare with recommendations to help identify areas where quality improvement strategies can be targeted. We also compared findings to a similar study undertaken in UK. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 11 hospitals over a 2-month period...
September 3, 2016: Digestive and Liver Disease
Michael J R Desborough, Peter A Smethurst, Lise J Estcourt, Simon J Stanworth
Allogeneic platelet transfusions are widely used for the prevention and treatment of bleeding in thrombocytopenia. Recent evidence suggests platelet transfusions have limited efficacy and are associated with uncertain immunomodulatory risks and concerns about viral or bacterial transmission. Alternatives to transfusion are a well-recognised tenet of Patient Blood Management, but there has been less focus on different strategies to reduce bleeding risk by comparison to platelet transfusion. Direct alternatives to platelet transfusion include agents to stimulate endogenous platelet production (thrombopoietin mimetics), optimising platelet adhesion to endothelium by treating anaemia or increasing von Willebrand factor levels (desmopressin), increasing formation of cross-linked fibrinogen (activated recombinant factor VII, fibrinogen concentrate or recombinant factor XIII), decreasing fibrinolysis (tranexamic acid or epsilon aminocaproic acid) or using artificial or modified platelets (cryopreserved platelets, lyophilised platelets, haemostatic particles, liposomes, engineered nanoparticles or infusible platelet membranes)...
September 21, 2016: British Journal of Haematology
Jens Meier
Despite impressive progress in surgical technique, aortic surgery is still associated with relatively high morbidity and mortality. One of the most important contributors to this phenomenon is the triad of bleeding, anemia, and transfusion. All three factors are known to influence the outcome of aortic surgery to a great extent. However, over the last few years a multidisciplinary, multimodal concept has been established, which enables the physician to avoid bleeding, anemia, and transfusion as much as possible...
September 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Anaesthesiology
Aryeh Shander, Arthur W Bracey, Lawrence T Goodnough, Irwin Gross, Nabil E Hassan, Sherri Ozawa, Marisa B Marques
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
G Folléa
OBJECTIVES: In a context of regular review of transfusion practice, the aim of this review is to present an update of the scientific basis of the so-called "patient blood management" (PBM), the state of its development in Europe, and possible ways to progress its development further in France. METHODS: Analysis and synthesis of the data from scientific literature on the scientific basis of PBM (methods, indications, efficacy, risks, efficiency). RESULTS: PBM appears as an evidence-based, patient centred, multidisciplinary approach, aiming to optimise the care of patients who might need transfusion and, consequently, the use of blood products...
September 14, 2016: Transfusion Clinique et Biologique: Journal de la Société Française de Transfusion Sanguine
Nabil E Hassan, Pierre R Tibi, Marisa B Marques
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Alhossain A Khalafallah, Carl Yan, Raghad Al-Badri, Ella Robinson, Brooke E Kirkby, Emily Ingram, Zara Gray, Vinod Khelgi, Iain K Robertson, Brian P Kirkby
BACKGROUND: Despite increasing efforts in perioperative management, postoperative iron deficiency anaemia persists, and few data are available about the management of this condition. In this study, we aimed to determine whether giving postoperative intravenous iron (in the form of ferric carboxymaltose) improved iron stores, haemoglobin concentrations, and outcomes following surgery. METHODS: We did a prospective, open-label, randomised, controlled study of patients at two centres (a general hospital and a private health-care centre) in Tasmania, Australia, undergoing elective surgery with functional iron deficiency anaemia (haemoglobin 70-120 g/L and ferritin ≤100 μg/L or iron saturation ≤20%), measured at day 1 postoperatively...
September 2016: Lancet Haematology
Ruchika Goel, Melissa M Cushing, Aaron A R Tobian
Red blood cell transfusions are a common life-saving intervention for neonates and children with anemia, but transfusion decisions, indications, and doses in neonates and children are different from those of adults. Patient blood management (PBM) programs are designed to assist clinicians with appropriately transfusing patients. Although PBM programs are well recognized and appreciated in the adult setting, they are quite far from standard of care in the pediatric patient population. Adult PBM standards cannot be uniformly applied to children, and there currently is significant variation in transfusion practices...
October 2016: Transfusion Medicine Reviews
Ruth Shaylor, Carolyn F Weiniger, Naola Austin, Alexander Tzabazis, Aryeh Shander, Lawrence T Goodnough, Alexander J Butwick
In developed countries, rates of postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) requiring transfusion have been increasing. As a result, anesthesiologists are being increasingly called upon to assist with the management of patients with severe PPH. First responders, including anesthesiologists, may adopt Patient Blood Management (PBM) recommendations of national societies or other agencies. However, it is unclear whether national and international obstetric societies' PPH guidelines account for contemporary PBM practices. We performed a qualitative review of PBM recommendations published by the following national obstetric societies and international groups: the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists; The Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, United Kingdom; The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists; The Society of Obstetricians and Gynecologists of Canada; an interdisciplinary group of experts from Austria, Germany, and Switzerland, an international multidisciplinary consensus group, and the French College of Gynaecologists and Obstetricians...
August 23, 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Małgorzata Rajtar
Resulting from health care reform in Germany that was implemented in 2003-2004, a new medical classification system called the "Diagnosis Related Groups" (DRGs) was introduced in hospitals. According to the media, social scientists, and a few physicians interviewed in this study the policy negatively transformed the German health care system by allowing the privatization of the hospital sector consistent with the neoliberal health care model. Allegedly, this privileged economic values over the quality of health care and introduced competition between hospitals...
October 2016: Social Science & Medicine
Jong Hee Lee, Seung Beom Han
Perioperative blood transfusions are common in total hip arthroplasty because of preoperative anemia and perioperative blood loss. Perioperative anemia and the need for allogeneic blood transfusion are related with increased morbidity. To reduce perioperative allogeneic blood transfusion, keeping the preoperative hemoglobin level above 12.0 g/dL is important in orthopedic patients. By using the anti-fibrinolytic agent or perioperative cell salvage, reduce intraoperative blood loss is very important for the reduction of perioperative blood loss...
December 2015: Hip Pelvis
M Sekhar, S Clark, R Atugonza, A Li, Z Chaudhry
OBJECTIVES: To implement a patient blood management (PBM) programme in platelet transfusion. AIMS: To improve the appropriate use of blood components, reduce wastage and generate savings. BACKGROUND: PBM is a multidisciplinary, evidence-based approach to optimising the care of patients who need blood transfusion and to use blood products appropriately. Strategies for PBM ensure that patients receive the best possible treatment with the transfusion of components when indicated, at the same time avoiding or reducing unnecessary transfusions...
August 10, 2016: Transfusion Medicine
M T Bruun, K Pendry, J Georgsen, P Manzini, M Lorenzi, A Wikman, D Borg-Aquilina, E van Pampus, M van Kraaij, D Fischer, P Meybohm, K Zacharowski, C Geisen, E Seifried, G M Liumbruno, G Folléa, J Grant-Casey, P Babra, M F Murphy
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Patient Blood Management (PBM) in Europe is a working group of the European Blood Alliance with the initial objective to identify the starting position of the participating hospitals regarding PBM for benchmarking purposes, and to derive good practices in PBM from the experience and expertise in the participating teams with the further aim of implementing and strengthening these practices in the participating hospitals. METHODS: We conducted two surveys in seven university hospitals in Europe: Survey on top indications for red blood cell use regarding usage of red blood cells during 1 week and Survey on PBM organization and activities...
August 10, 2016: Vox Sanguinis
Philippe Van der Linden, Jean-François Hardy
BACKGROUND: Preoperative anaemia is associated with increased postoperative morbidity and mortality. Patient blood management (PBM) is advocated to improve patient outcomes. OBJECTIVES: NATA, the 'Network for the advancement of patient blood management, haemostasis and thrombosis', initiated a benchmark project with the aim of providing the basis for educational strategies to implement optimal PBM in participating centres. DESIGN: Prospective, observational study with online data collection in 11 secondary and tertiary care institutions interested in developing PBM...
August 3, 2016: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
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