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"Patient Blood Management"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811051/patient-blood-management-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#1
REVIEW
Aryeh Shander, Mazyar Javidroozi, Gregg Lobel
Patient Blood Management underscores a fundamental shift from a product-centered approach to a patient-centric approach through timely application of evidence-based medical and surgical concepts designed to maintain hemoglobin concentration, optimize hemostasis, and minimize blood loss in an effort to improve patient outcome. In this concept, allogeneic blood transfusion is not viewed as the treatment of default for anemic patients, but one among many treatment modalities that should be weighed based on its merits-potentials risks and benefits-for the individual patient in the context of other alternatives...
July 31, 2017: Transfusion Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776639/postpartum-obstetric-red-cell-transfusion-practice-a-retrospective-study-in-a-tertiary-obstetric-centre
#2
Benjamin Stephens, Farah Sethna, Philip Crispin
BACKGROUND: Traditional management of anaemia due to postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) has relied upon salvage therapy with red cell transfusion. Recently published guidance recommends a change in approach toward holistic patient blood management. AIMS: To determine whether postpartum red cell transfusion practices are consistent with best practice and to identify opportunities for improvement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective audit of postpartum red cell transfusions was conducted at a tertiary level obstetrics unit...
August 4, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738983/power-knowledge-and-transfusions-the-need-to-refocus-on-patient-blood-management
#3
EDITORIAL
Aryeh Shander, Sherri Ozawa, Gregg Lobel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722245/patient-blood-management-in-obstetrics-management-of-anaemia-and-haematinic-deficiencies-in-pregnancy-and-in-the-post-partum-period-nata-consensus-statement
#4
M Muñoz, J P Peña-Rosas, S Robinson, N Milman, W Holzgreve, C Breymann, F Goffinet, J Nizard, F Christory, C-M Samama, J-F Hardy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 19, 2017: Transfusion Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719425/organizational-contributors-to-the-variation-in-red-blood-cell-transfusion-practices-in-cardiac-surgery-survey-results-from-the-state-of-michigan
#5
Anton Camaj, Darin B Zahuranec, Gaetano Paone, Barbara R Benedetti, Warren D Behr, Marc A Zimmerman, Min Zhang, Robert S Kramer, Jason Penn, Patricia F Theurer, Theron A Paugh, Milo Engoren, Alphonse DeLucia, Richard L Prager, Donald S Likosky
BACKGROUND: While large volumes of red blood cell transfusions are given to preserve life for cardiac surgical patients, indications for lower volume transfusions (1-2 units) are less well understood. We evaluated the relationship between center-level organizational blood management practices and center-level variability in low volume transfusion rates. METHODS: All 33 nonfederal, Michigan cardiac surgical programs were surveyed about their blood management practices for isolated, nonemergent coronary bypass procedures, including: (1) presence and structure of a patient blood management program, (2) policies and procedures, and (3) audit and feedback practices...
July 14, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673310/the-evaluation-of-enhanced-feedback-interventions-to-reduce-unnecessary-blood-transfusions-affinitie-protocol-for-two-linked-cluster-randomised-factorial-controlled-trials
#6
Suzanne Hartley, Robbie Foy, Rebecca E A Walwyn, Robert Cicero, Amanda J Farrin, Jill J Francis, Fabiana Lorencatto, Natalie J Gould, John Grant-Casey, Jeremy M Grimshaw, Liz Glidewell, Susan Michie, Stephen Morris, Simon J Stanworth
BACKGROUND: Blood for transfusion is a frequently used clinical intervention, and is also a costly and limited resource with risks. Many transfusions are given to stable and non-bleeding patients despite no clear evidence of benefit from clinical studies. Audit and feedback (A&F) is widely used to improve the quality of healthcare, including appropriate use of blood. However, its effects are often inconsistent, indicating the need for coordinated research including more head-to-head trials comparing different ways of delivering feedback...
July 3, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671296/blood-use-in-patients-receiving-intensive-chemotherapy-for-acute-leukemia-or-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-the-impact-of-a-health-system-wide-patient-blood-management-program
#7
Michael F Leahy, Kevin M Trentino, Colleen May, Stuart G Swain, Hun Chuah, Shannon L Farmer
BACKGROUND: Little is published on patient blood management (PBM) programs in hematology. In 2008 Western Australia announced a health system-wide PBM program with PBM staff appointments commencing in November 2009. Our aim was to assess the impact this program had on blood utilization and patient outcomes in intensive chemotherapy for acute leukemia or hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A retrospective study of 695 admissions at two tertiary hospitals receiving intensive chemotherapy for acute leukemia or undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation between July 2010 and December 2014 was conducted...
July 3, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655949/peri-operative-blood-management
#8
REVIEW
Alex Eeles, Ravishankar Rao Baikady
Anaemia and allogeneic blood transfusions in surgical patients are associated with poor outcomes. Patient blood management (PBM) has been developed as an evidence-based clinical tool, by which clinicians can optimise anaemia, manage peri-operative bleeding, avoid unnecessary blood transfusion and improve patient outcome. This article aims to highlight the recent updates regarding evidence-based PBM in the perioperative period, following a thorough literature review involving original research articles, published guidelines and consensus documents discovered through an extensive PubMed and Medline search...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647104/-french-haemovigilance-from-1994-to-nowadays-evolution-and-prospects
#9
B Lassale, G Daurat, M Besse-Moreau, J-P Aullen
Born in France in 1993, haemovigilance aims at monitoring the blood transfusion chain from the donor to the recipient, receiving labile blood products. It differs from the other vigilances due to its organization and its completeness dealing with the collected information. Prior to the European directive, the French agency created a new gravity level: grade 0, aiming at reporting and analyzing the blood transfusion chain dysfunction. Thus, haemovigilance gradually integrates the management of the risks and is given new missions in hospitals and private hospitals...
June 21, 2017: Transfusion Clinique et Biologique: Journal de la Société Française de Transfusion Sanguine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643386/risks-and-trends-of-red-blood-cell-transfusion-in-obstetric-patients-a-retrospective-study-of-45-213-deliveries-using-administrative-data
#10
Nadine Shehata, Michaël Chassé, Jo Ann Colas, Malia Murphy, Alan J Forster, Ann K Malinowski, Robin Ducharme, Dean A Fergusson, Alan Tinmouth, Kumanan Wilson
BACKGROUND: Transfusion data for obstetric patients are scarce. Identifying characteristics associated with red blood cell transfusion (RBCT) is of importance to better identify patients who would benefit from blood conservation strategies as the risk of alloimmunization from RBCT has the potential to affect the fetus and newborn. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using hospital administrative data to identify trends and risk factors of RBCT in obstetric patients...
June 22, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611958/management-of-blood-loss-in-hip-arthroplasty-korean-hip-society-current-consensus
#11
REVIEW
Joo-Hyoun Song, Jang Won Park, Young-Kyun Lee, In-Sung Kim, Jae-Hwi Nho, Kyung-Jae Lee, Kwan Kyu Park, Yeesuk Kim, Jai Hyung Park, Seung Beom Han
The volume of hip arthroplasty is stiffly increasing because of excellent clinical outcomes, however it has not been shown to decrease the incidence of transfusions due to bleeding related to this surgery. This is an important consideration since there are concerns about the side effects and social costs of transfusions. First, anemia should be assessed at least 30 days before elective hip arthroplasty, and if the subject is diagnosed as having anemia, an additional examination of the cause of the anemia should be carried and steps taken to address the anemia...
June 2017: Hip & Pelvis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594141/patient-blood-management-the-new-standard
#12
EDITORIAL
Donat R Spahn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580663/autologous-blood-salvage-in-the-era-of-patient-blood-management
#13
REVIEW
R A Sikorski, N A Rizkalla, W W Yang, S M Frank
Almost 150 years after the first autologous blood transfusion was reported, intraoperative blood salvage has become an important method of blood conservation. The primary goal of autologous transfusion is to reduce or avoid allogeneic red blood cell transfusion and the associated risks and costs. Autologous salvaged blood does not result in immunological challenge and its consequences, provides a higher quality red blood cell that has not been subjected to the adverse effects of blood storage, and can be more cost-effective than allogeneic blood when used for carefully selected surgical patients...
June 5, 2017: Vox Sanguinis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561148/-preoperative-preparation-patient-blood-management-what-is-optimal
#14
Patrick Meybohm, Markus M Müller, Kai Zacharowski
Patient Blood Management (PBM) focusses on anemia management, the minimization of (unnecessary) iatrogenic blood loss and the exhaustion of natural tolerance to anemia with rational use of red blood cell transfusion. The focus of the current review article is now the preoperative phase with the following PBM components: management of anemia, pre-transfusion analytics and management of anticoagulants. Preoperative anemia is an independent risk factor for increased perioperative morbidity and mortality. In elective surgery, the causes of anemia should be diagnosed prior to surgery as early as possible, and if indicated, a specific treatment for treatable causes should be initiated...
May 2017: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514321/patient-blood-management-in-major-orthopedic-surgery-less-erythropoietin-and-more-iron
#15
Emmanuel Rineau, Alexandra Stoyanov, Emmanuel Samson, Laurent Hubert, Sigismond Lasocki
Erythropoietin (EPO) is proposed preoperatively to reduce blood transfusion in anemic patients (hemoglobin < 13 g/dL) scheduled for a major orthopedic surgery. New intravenous iron formulations allow infusion of higher doses, increasing EPO response. In that context, we evaluated in a before-after study (n = 62 and 65 patients for each period) a new EPO administration protocol (2 injections 4 and 3 weeks before surgery, and a third if hemoglobin <13 g/dL instead of <15 g/dL 2 weeks before surgery)...
May 12, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500653/blood-transfusion-in-the-surgical-treatment-of-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-a-single-center-experience-of-patient-blood-management-in-210-cases
#16
Søren Ohrt-Nissen, Naeem Bukhari, Casper Dragsted, Martin Gehrchen, Pär I Johansson, Jesper Dirks, Jakob Stensballe, Benny Dahl
BACKGROUND: The surgical treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis can be associated with substantial blood loss, requiring allogeneic red blood cell (RBC) transfusion. This study describes the use of RBC and the effect of a standardized perioperative patient blood management program. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Patients treated with posterior instrumented fusion were consecutively enrolled over a 6-year period. Patient blood management strategies were implemented in 2011, including prophylactic tranexamic acid, intraoperative permissive hypotension, restrictive fluid therapy (including avoidance of synthetic colloids), restrictive RBC trigger according to institutional standardized protocol, the use of cell savage, and goal-directed therapy according to thrombelastography...
May 12, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488975/the-italian-regulatory-guidelines-for-the-implementation-of-patient-blood-management
#17
Stefania Vaglio, Sara Gentili, Giuseppe Marano, Simonetta Pupella, Daniela Rafanelli, Gianni Biancofiore, Paola Antonioli, Claudio Velati, Giancarlo M Liumbruno
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Blood Transfusion, Trasfusione del Sangue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488963/towards-the-implementation-of-patient-blood-management-across-europe
#18
EDITORIAL
Massimo Franchini, Manuel Muñoz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Blood Transfusion, Trasfusione del Sangue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425603/encouraging-single-unit-transfusions-a-superior-patient-blood-management-strategy
#19
EDITORIAL
Nicole R Guinn, Cory Maxwell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401604/abstracts-of-the-18th-annual-nata-symposium-on-patient-blood-management-haemostasis-and-thrombosis-april-20-21-2017-florence-italy
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Transfusion Medicine
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