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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651255/visual-cues-contribute-differentially-to-audiovisual-perception-of-consonants-and-vowels-in-improving-recognition-and-reducing-cognitive-demands-in-listeners-with-hearing-impairment-using-hearing-aids
#1
Shahram Moradi, Björn Lidestam, Henrik Danielsson, Elaine Hoi Ning Ng, Jerker Rönnberg
Purpose: We sought to examine the contribution of visual cues in audiovisual identification of consonants and vowels-in terms of isolation points (the shortest time required for correct identification of a speech stimulus), accuracy, and cognitive demands-in listeners with hearing impairment using hearing aids. Method: The study comprised 199 participants with hearing impairment (mean age = 61.1 years) with bilateral, symmetrical, mild-to-severe sensorineural hearing loss...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651244/the-health-policy-implications-of-individual-adaptive-behavior-responses-to-smog-pollution-in-urban-china
#2
Jie Ban, Lian Zhou, Yi Zhang, G Brooke Anderson, Tiantian Li
Smog pollution is a serious public health issue in urban China, where it is associated with public health through a range of respiratory and cardiovascular illnesses. Despite the negative health impacts of smog pollution, individual adaptive behaviors are poorly understood. This knowledge gap hinders the development of effective public policy to support and encourage the adoption of individual adaptive and mitigating behaviors to smog pollution. A questionnaire survey of 1141 randomly sampled individuals in a typical PM2...
June 23, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651147/desalinated-drinking-water-in-the-gcc-countries-the-need-to-address-consumer-perceptions
#3
Basem Shomar, Jalal Hawari
The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries consist of Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates. These countries depend mainly on seawater desalination to meet their water needs. Although great emphasis is given to characterize desalinated water for its physicochemical and microbial properties, e.g. presence of metals, other organic contaminants and for bacteria, sensorial characteristics including smell, taste and color have not received the same attention. This is possibly attributed to the fact that inhabitants of GCC States do not use desalinated tap water for drinking consumption, rather they depend on locally produced or imported bottled water where color, taste and odor are not problematic...
June 23, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650997/disambiguating-authenticity-interpretations-of-value-and-appeal
#4
Kieran O'Connor, Glenn R Carroll, Balázs Kovács
While shaping aesthetic judgment and choice, socially constructed authenticity takes on some very different meanings among observers, consumers, producers and critics. Using a theoretical framework positing four distinct meanings of socially constructed authenticity-type, moral, craft, and idiosyncratic-we aim to document empirically the unique appeal of each type. We develop predictions about the relationships between attributed authenticity and corresponding increases in the value ascribed to it through: (1) consumer value ratings, (2) willingness to pay, and (3) behavioral choice...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650969/development-and-psychometric-properties-of-knee-specific-body-perception-questionnaire-in-people-with-knee-osteoarthritis-the-fremantle-knee-awareness-questionnaire
#5
Tomohiko Nishigami, Akira Mibu, Katsuyoshi Tanaka, Yuh Yamashita, Eiji Yamada, Benedict M Wand, Mark J Catley, Tasha R Stanton, G Lorimer Moseley
BACKGROUND: Recent systematic reviews have demonstrated that pain associated with knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a complex phenomenon that involves various contributors. People with knee OA exhibit symptoms of impaired body-perception, including reduced tactile acuity, impairments in limb laterality recognition, and degraded proprioceptive acuity. The Fremantle Back Awareness Questionnaire (FreBAQ) was developed to assess body-perception specific to the back in people with chronic low back pain...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650924/comparison-of-approaches-for-notification-and-authorization-in-pragmatic-clinical-research-evaluating-commonly-used-medical-practices
#6
Kevin P Weinfurt, Juli M Bollinger, Kathleen M Brelsford, Martina Bresciani, Zachary Lampron, Li Lin, Rachel J Topazian, Jeremy Sugarman
BACKGROUND: For pragmatic clinical research comparing commonly used treatments, questions exist about if and how to notify participants about it and secure their authorization for participation. OBJECTIVE: To determine how patients react when they seek clinical care and encounter one of several different pragmatic clinical research studies. RESEARCH DESIGN: In an online survey using a between-subjects experimental design, respondents read and responded to 1 of 24 hypothetical research scenarios reflecting different types of studies and approaches to notification and authorization (eg, general notification, oral consent, written consent)...
June 23, 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650873/perceptions-of-ambulatory-workflow-changes-in-an-academic-primary-care-setting
#7
Michael A Hanak, Colleen McDevitt, Daniel P Dunham
As health care moves to a value-based system, the need for team-based models of care becomes increasingly important to adequately address the growing number of clinical quality metrics required of health care providers. Finding ways to better engage certified medical assistants (CMAs) in the process allows providers to focus on more complex tasks while improving the efficiency of each office visit. Although the roles and responsibilities for CMAs across the specialties can vary widely, standardizing the work can be a helpful step in scaling best practices across an institution...
June 23, 2017: Health Care Manager
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650871/perceptions-of-college-student-athletes-regarding-the-long-term-effects-of-concussions
#8
Nicole Fawcett, Hannah Gibson, Sam Abraham
A comprehensive review of the literature was completed to investigate college student-athletes' perceptions regarding the long-term effects of concussions. Based on the findings, it was determined that there is a need for more education among student-athletes regarding this topic. This was a quantitative, cross-sectional, nonexperimental study with a descriptive design. A survey with 7 demographic and 17 Likert-type statements was collected from 100 student-athletes in a Midwestern college at their specified team practice sites for data collection...
June 23, 2017: Health Care Manager
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650843/can-canmeds-competencies-be-developed-in-medical-school-anatomy-laboratories-a-literature-review
#9
REVIEW
Joshua Hefler, Christopher J Ramnanan
Objectives: The purpose of this literature review was to identify potential ways in which undergraduate medical anatomy education may be relevant to the CanMEDS Roles, a competency-based framework used throughout Canadian medical training. Methods: A scoping review of medical education literature was conducted in March 2017 for English language publications that included key words related to anatomy education and to key competencies formally described for each of the Roles in the CanMEDS 2015 framework...
June 16, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650793/a-systematic-review-of-the-technology-based-assessment-of-visual-perception-and-exploration-behaviour-in-association-football
#10
Thomas B McGuckian, Michael H Cole, Gert-Jan Pepping
To visually perceive opportunities for action, athletes rely on the movements of their eyes, head and body to explore their surrounding environment. To date, the specific types of technology and their efficacy for assessing the exploration behaviours of association footballers have not been systematically reviewed. This review aimed to synthesise the visual perception and exploration behaviours of footballers according to the task constraints, action requirements of the experimental task, and level of expertise of the athlete, in the context of the technology used to quantify the visual perception and exploration behaviours of footballers...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650790/perception-of-complete-visually-impaired-children-to-three-different-oral-health-education-methods-a-preliminary-study
#11
S Mudunuri, A Sharma, P Subramaniam
AIM: To evaluate the perception of visually impaired children to three different methods of oral health education. STUDY DESIGN: Sixty total visually impaired children were divided into three groups of 20 children each. Children in group-I received oral health education through a lecture. Children in group II received Demonstration on a Model by Tell and Touch method (DMTT) and children in group III were self trained on oral hygiene skills. All children received written instructions in Braille...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650677/psychosocial-risk-factors-for-perinatal-depression-among-female-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#12
Pamela Recto, Jane Dimmitt Champion
Perinatal depression is a health concern among pregnant and postpartum adolescents as it may negatively impact fetal development and result in complications such as preterm delivery, low infant birth weight, and poor maternal-infant attachment. The purpose of this systematic review is to examine psychosocial risk factors for depression among adolescents during pregnancy and postpartum. A literature search was conducted from five databases from 1995 to 2016. A total of 17 studies matched the inclusion criteria...
June 26, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650449/parent-versus-child-donor-perceptions-of-the-bone-marrow-donation-experience
#13
G E Switzer, J Bruce, G Pastorek, D M Kiefer, H Kobusingye, R Drexler, R A M Besser, D L Confer, M M Horowitz, R J King, B E Shaw, S M van Walraven, L Wiener, W Packman, J W Varni, M A Pulsipher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 26, 2017: Bone Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650352/the-effect-of-aging-and-priming-on-same-different-judgments-between-text-and-partially-masked-speech
#14
Richard L Freyman, Jenna Terpening, Angela C Costanzi, Karen S Helfer
OBJECTIVES: It is well known from previous research that when listeners are told what they are about to hear before a degraded or partially masked auditory signal is presented, the speech signal "pops out" of the background and becomes considerably more intelligible. The goal of this research was to explore whether this priming effect is as strong in older adults as in younger adults. DESIGN: Fifty-six adults-28 older and 28 younger-listened to "nonsense" sentences spoken by a female talker in the presence of a 2-talker speech masker (also female) or a fluctuating speech-like noise masker at 5 signal-to-noise ratios...
June 22, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650240/development-of-a-clinical-spasticity-scale-for-evaluation-of-dogs-with-chronic-thoracolumbar-spinal-cord-injury
#15
Melissa J Lewis, Natasha J Olby
OBJECTIVE To develop a spasticity scale for dogs with chronic deficits following severe spinal cord injury (SCI) for use in clinical assessment and outcome measurement in clinical trials. ANIMALS 20 chronically paralyzed dogs with a persistent lack of hind limb pain perception caused by an acute SCI at least 3 months previously. PROCEDURES Spasticity was assessed in both hind limbs via tests of muscle tone, clonus, and flexor and extensor spasms adapted from human scales. Measurement of patellar clonus duration and flexor spasm duration and degree was feasible...
July 2017: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650225/men-s-perceptions-of-treatment-as-prevention-in-south-africa-implications-for-engagement-in-hiv-care-and-treatment
#16
Alyssa C Mooney, Ann Gottert, Nomhle Khoza, Dumisani Rebombo, Jennifer Hove, Aimée Julien Suárez, Rhian Twine, Catherine MacPhail, Sarah Treves-Kagan, Kathleen Kahn, Audrey Pettifor, Sheri A Lippman
While South Africa provides universal access to treatment, HIV testing and antiretroviral therapy (ART) uptake remains low, particularly among men. Little is known about community awareness of the effects of treatment on preventing transmission, and how this information might impact HIV service utilization. This qualitative study explored understandings of treatment as prevention (TasP) among rural South African men. Narratives emphasized the know value of ART for individual health, but none were aware of its preventive effects...
June 2017: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650208/when-using-facebook-to-avoid-isolation-reduces-perceived-social-support
#17
Eun-Ju Lee, Eugene Cho
A survey (N = 316) examined how other-directed Facebook use driven by fear of social isolation affects users' perception of social support they possess. As predicted, those higher on fear of isolation were more likely to (a) closely monitor others' activities for self-evaluation (i.e., social comparison) and (b) regulate their self-presentation to garner social approval (i.e., other-directed self-presentation), but less likely to (c) express their true inner feelings and thoughts (i.e., inner-directed self-presentation) on Facebook...
June 26, 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649924/the-value-of-cognitive-neuropsychology-the-case-of-vision-research
#18
Michael McCloskey, Thitaporn Chaisilprungraung
Cognitive neuropsychological evidence is widely viewed as inherently flawed or weak, despite well-reasoned arguments to the contrary by many theorists. Rather than attempting yet another defence of cognitive neuropsychology on logical grounds, we point out through examples that in practice, cognitive neuropsychological evidence is widely accepted as valid and important, and has had a major impact on cognitive theory and research. Objections offered in the abstract rarely arise in the context of actual studies...
June 26, 2017: Cognitive Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649900/sweet-cheeks-vs-pea-brain-embodiment-valence-and-task-all-influence-the-emotional-salience-of-language
#19
Erik M Benau, Sabrina C Gregersen, Paul D Siakaluk, Aminda J O'Hare, Eric K Johnson, Ruth Ann Atchley
Previous research has found that more embodied insults (e.g. numbskull) are identified faster and more accurately than less embodied insults (e.g. idiot). The linguistic processing of embodied compliments has not been well explored. In the present study, participants completed two tasks where they identified insults and compliments, respectively. Half of the stimuli were more embodied than the other half. We examined the late positive potential (LPP) component of event-related potentials in early (400-500 ms), middle (500-600 ms), and late (600-700 ms) time windows...
June 26, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649757/visual-complexity-and-its-effects-on-referring-expression-generation
#20
Micha Elsner, Alasdair Clarke, Hannah Rohde
Speakers' perception of a visual scene influences the language they use to describe it-which objects they choose to mention and how they characterize the relationships between them. We show that visual complexity can either delay or facilitate description generation, depending on how much disambiguating information is required and how useful the scene's complexity can be in providing, for example, helpful landmarks. To do so, we measure speech onset times, eye gaze, and utterance content in a reference production experiment in which the target object is either unique or non-unique in a visual scene of varying size and complexity...
June 26, 2017: Cognitive Science
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