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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231681/noninvasive-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-tdcs-for-the-treatment-of-orofacial-pain
#1
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: tDCS is a promising method for the treatment of chronic pain. Electrode placement locations must be chosen in accordance with the density and the time course of the current in order to prevent pathological changes in the underlying tissue. In order to reduce current spatial variability, more electrodes of the same polarity are placed in a circle around the second electrode of the opposite polarity. The applied current produced the greatest changes directly beneath the electrodes: the cathode reduces the excitability of cortical neurons, while the anode has the opposite effect...
October 24, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231618/the-patients-perspective-of-inr-self-testing-remote-communication-of-test-results-and-confidence-to-move-to-self-management
#2
Anne Grogan, Michael Coughlan, Geraldine Prizeman, Niamh o'Connell, Nora O'Mahony, Katherine Quinn, Gabrielle McKee
AIM: The aim of this study was to elicit the perceptions of patients, who self-tested their INR and communicated their results via a text or phone messaging system, to determine their satisfaction with the education and support that they received and to establish their confidence to move to self-management. BACKGROUND: Self-testing of INR has been shown to be reliable and is fast becoming common practice. As innovations are introduced to point of care testing, more research is needed to elicit patients' perceptions of the self-testing process...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231456/signal-integration-in-thalamus-labeled-lines-go-cross-eyed-and-blurry
#3
Benjamin K Stafford, Andrew D Huberman
The brain uses sensory information from the periphery to create percepts. In this issue of Neuron, Rompani et al. (2017) show that visual signals are combined in unexpected ways that vastly expand the possible representations of the outside world.
February 22, 2017: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231418/exploring-human-papillomavirus-vaccination-refusal-among-ethnic-minorities-in-england-a-comparative-qualitative-study
#4
Alice S Forster, Lauren Rockliffe, Laura A V Marlow, Helen Bedford, Emily McBride, Jo Waller
OBJECTIVES: In England, uptake of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination to prevent HPV-related cancer is lower among girls from ethnic minority backgrounds. We aimed to explore the factors that prevented ethnic minority parents from vaccinating, compared to White British non-vaccinating parents and vaccinating ethnic minority parents. METHODS: Interviews with 33 parents (n = 14 ethnic minority non-vaccinating, n = 10 White British non-vaccinating, n = 9 ethnic minority vaccinating) explored parents' reasons for giving or withholding consent for HPV vaccination...
February 23, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231304/a-four-day-western-style-dietary-intervention-causes-reductions-in-hippocampal-dependent-learning-and-memory-and-interoceptive-sensitivity
#5
Tuki Attuquayefio, Richard J Stevenson, Megan J Oaten, Heather M Francis
In animals, a Western style diet-high in saturated fat and added sugar-causes impairments in hippocampal-dependent learning and memory (HDLM) and perception of internal bodily state (interoception). In humans, while there is correlational support for a link between Western-style diet, HDLM, and interoception, there is as yet no causal data. Here, healthy individuals were randomly assigned to consume either a breakfast high in saturated fat and added sugar (Experimental condition) or a healthier breakfast (Control condition), over four consecutive days...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231290/mapping-the-sensory-perception-of-apple-using-descriptive-sensory-evaluation-in-a-genome-wide-association-study
#6
Beatrice Amyotte, Amy J Bowen, Travis Banks, Istvan Rajcan, Daryl J Somers
Breeding apples is a long-term endeavour and it is imperative that new cultivars are selected to have outstanding consumer appeal. This study has taken the approach of merging sensory science with genome wide association analyses in order to map the human perception of apple flavour and texture onto the apple genome. The goal was to identify genomic associations that could be used in breeding apples for improved fruit quality. A collection of 85 apple cultivars was examined over two years through descriptive sensory evaluation by a trained sensory panel...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231274/early-skin-to-skin-contact-after-cesarean-section-a-randomized-clinical-pilot-study
#7
Martina Kollmann, Lisa Aldrian, Anna Scheuchenegger, Eva Mautner, Sereina A Herzog, Berndt Urlesberger, Reinhard B Raggam, Uwe Lang, Barbara Obermayer-Pietsch, Philipp Klaritsch
OBJECTIVE: Early bonding by skin-to-skin contact (SSC) has been demonstrated to be beneficial for mothers and newborns following vaginal delivery. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of intraoperative bonding (early SSC) after cesarean section on neonatal adaptation, maternal pain and stress response. STUDY DESIGN: This prospective, randomized-controlled pilot study was performed at a single academic tertiary hospital (Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical University of Graz, Austria) between September 2013 and January 2014...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230845/dynamic-models-of-large-scale-brain-activity
#8
REVIEW
Michael Breakspear
Movement, cognition and perception arise from the collective activity of neurons within cortical circuits and across large-scale systems of the brain. While the causes of single neuron spikes have been understood for decades, the processes that support collective neural behavior in large-scale cortical systems are less clear and have been at times the subject of contention. Modeling large-scale brain activity with nonlinear dynamical systems theory allows the integration of experimental data from multiple modalities into a common framework that facilitates prediction, testing and possible refutation...
February 23, 2017: Nature Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230713/the-impact-of-ethnic-and-cultural-differences-on-parental-satisfaction-in-the-picu
#9
Qian Wen Sng, Angela H P Kirk, Siti Nur Hanim Buang, Jan Hau Lee
OBJECTIVES: This study examined satisfaction of parents whose children were admitted to the PICU to identify priority areas for improvement. We hypothesized that differences exist in satisfaction of parents of different ethnicities. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: PICU in a tertiary care pediatric hospital. PATIENTS: All English-literate parents whose child was admitted to our PICU between February 2014 and February 2015 were eligible after informed consent was obtained...
February 20, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230691/original-research-how-to-create-a-poster-that-attracts-an-audience
#10
Sandra L Siedlecki
: : Background: Nurses developing a poster presentation for the first time who look for guidance in the literature will find many articles offering recommendations on format and style, but these are based on opinion rather than evidence. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify the attributes of a poster that improved the chance that nursing conference attendees would read it. METHODS: A mixed-methods descriptive study employing survey methodology was used to assess the perceptions of nurses attending poster sessions at a two-day nursing conference...
March 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230590/modified-lateral-surgical-approach-to-the-pterygopalatine-fossa
#11
Masataka Uehara, Masaaki Sasaguri, Shunji Shiiba, Kazuhiro Tominaga
Oral cancer, especially that originates in the maxillary tuberosity, buccal mucosa, and maxillary alveolus, is apt to invade the pterygopalatine fossa, where an intraoral approach is nearly impossible. There are 2 main types of extraoral approach to the pterygopalatine fossa; the anterior approach and the lateral approach. Although the lateral approach has an advantage compared with the anterior approach in terms of cosmetics, after the operation numbness of the lower lip occurs due to the sacrifice of the mental nerve...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230438/the-influence-of-placements-on-adult-nursing-graduates-choice-of-first-post
#12
Mark Wareing, Renate Taylor, Aileen Wilson, Adrienne Sharples
BACKGROUND: This article presents findings from a study that sought to explore the extent to which clinical placements have an impact on nursing students' decisions regarding their first staff nurse post. Within the UK, nursing is facing a recruitment crisis with particular difficulty recruiting to areas such as primary care and care of older people. Transitioning into a new role is challenging in any occupation, but it is a particular problem in nursing where the realities of professional practice often differ from students' perception of the staff nurse role as shaped by their clinical placements...
February 23, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230434/practice-education-facilitator-roles-and-their-value-to-nhs-organisations
#13
Betsy Scott, Terri Rapson, Liz Allibone, Rozi Hamilton, Constance S Mambanje, Laura Pisaneschi
The role of the practice education facilitator (PEF) was introduced to support the management of large student nurse numbers in clinical areas and to monitor and enhance the quality of placements. While much has been written about the activities and roles undertaken by PEFs, less is known about the value of this type of role to the NHS organisations that employ them. This article explores some of the views of PEFs working in a variety of trusts and organisations in London and surrounding counties. There is no consistent job definition and often insufficient support, leading to some PEFs feeling overwhelmed by the work and isolated within the role...
February 23, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230404/adolescents-perceptions-of-socializers-beliefs-career-related-conversations-and-motivation-in-mathematics
#14
Rebecca Lazarides, Charlott Rubach, Angela Ittel
Research based on the Eccles model of parent socialization demonstrated that parents are an important source of value and ability information for their children. Little is known, however, about the bidirectional effects between students' perceptions of their parents' beliefs and behaviors and the students' own domain-specific values. This study analyzed how students' perceptions of parents' beliefs and behaviors and students' mathematics values and mathematics-related career plans affect each other bidirectionally, and analyzed the role of students' gender as a moderator of these relations...
March 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230382/animalistic-dehumanization-of-older-people-by-younger-ones-variations-of-humanness-perceptions-as-a-function-of-a-target-s-age
#15
Valérian Boudjemadi, Stéphanie Demoulin, Jennifer Bastart
The present work investigated associations of older people with humanness. Focusing on complementary approaches (attribute-based, metaphor-based, and target-based), 4 studies tested the hypothesis that older people are the targets of animalistic dehumanization. Using an emotional attribution task, Study 1 (N = 112) explored infrahumanization and shows that young participants attributed more uniquely human emotions to young people than to older ones. No such effect occurred with regards to nonuniquely human emotions...
February 23, 2017: Psychology and Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230300/opposite-patterns-of-change-in-perception-of-imagined-and-physically-induced-pain-over-the-course-of-repeated-thermal-stimulations
#16
B Gács, T Szolcsányi, Á Csathó
BACKGROUND: Individuals frequently show habituation to repeated noxious heat. However, given the defensive function of human pain processing, it is reasonable to assume that individuals anticipate that they would become increasingly sensitive to repeated thermal pain stimuli. No previous studies have, however, been addressed to this assumption. Therefore, in the current study, we investigated how healthy human individuals imagine the intensity of repeated thermal pain stimulations, and compared this with the intensity ratings given after physically induced thermal pain trials...
February 23, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230292/age-related-changes-in-pain-sensitivity-in-healthy-humans-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
H El Tumi, M I Johnson, P B F Dantas, M J Maynard, O A Tashani
: Literature suggests that pain perception diminishes in old age. The most recent review used search strategies conducted over a decade ago and concluded that study findings were equivocal. The aim of this systematic review, with meta-analysis, was to determine age-related changes in pain sensitivity in healthy pain-free adults, children and adolescents. A search of PubMed, Science Direct, and PsycINFO identified studies that compared pain sensitivity response to noxious stimuli at different time points in the lifespan of healthy individuals...
February 23, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230272/sizing-up-a-superstorm-exploring-the-role-of-recalled-experience-and-attribution-of-responsibility-in-judgments-of-future-hurricane-risk
#18
Laura N Rickard, Z Janet Yang, Jonathon P Schuldt, Gina M Eosco, Clifford W Scherer, Ricardo A Daziano
Research suggests that hurricane-related risk perception is a critical predictor of behavioral response, such as evacuation. Less is known, however, about the precursors of these subjective risk judgments, especially when time has elapsed from a focal event. Drawing broadly from the risk communication, social psychology, and natural hazards literature, and specifically from concepts adapted from the risk information seeking and processing model and the protective action decision model, we examine how individuals' distant recollections, including attribution of responsibility for the effects of a storm, attitude toward relevant information, and past hurricane experience, relate to risk judgment for a future, similar event...
February 23, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230266/who-is-a-distracted-driver-associations-between-mobile-phone-use-while-driving-domain-specific-risk-taking-and-personality
#19
Madison Sween, Andrea Ceschi, Francesco Tommasi, Riccardo Sartori, Joshua Weller
Mobile phone use while driving (MPUWD) is an increasingly common form of distracted driving. Given its widespread prevalence, it is important for researchers to identify factors that may predict who is more likely to engage in this risky behavior. The current study investigates associations between MPUWD risk behaviors, domain-specific risk perceptions, and broad personality dimensions. An Italian community sample (n = 804) completed a survey regarding MPUWD risk perceptions and engagement in MPUWD, in addition to the HEXACO-PI-R, a broad six-factor personality inventory (honesty-humility, emotionality, extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, openness to experience), and the DOSPERT, a six-factor domain-specific self-report risk-taking measure (health/safety, recreational, social, ethical, gambling, and investment)...
February 23, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230085/dynamics-of-contextual-modulation-of-perceived-shape-in-human-vision
#20
Elena Gheorghiu, Frederick A A Kingdom
In biological vision, contextual modulation refers to the influence of a surround pattern on either the perception of, or the neural responses to, a target pattern. One studied form of contextual modulation deals with the effect of a surround texture on the perceived shape of a contour, in the context of the phenomenon known as the shape aftereffect. In the shape aftereffect, prolonged viewing, or adaptation to a particular contour's shape causes a shift in the perceived shape of a subsequently viewed contour...
February 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
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