keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

FISH testing

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150813/a-social-cichlid-fish-failed-to-pass-the-mark-test
#1
Takashi Hotta, Shiho Komiyama, Masanori Kohda
Since the pioneering work in chimpanzees, mirror self-recognition (MSR), the ability to recognise oneself in a mirror, has been reported in great apes, Asian elephants, dolphins, and some social birds using the mark test, in which animals that possess MSR touch an imperceptible mark on their own bodies only when a mirror is present. However, giant pandas, which are solitary, failed to pass the mark test, suggesting that MSR evolved solely in highly social animals. In contrast to the increasing evidence of MSR in mammals and birds, little is known about MSR in fish...
November 17, 2017: Animal Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150731/cellular-and-molecular-responses-of-adult-zebrafish-after-exposure-to-cuo-nanoparticles-or-ionic-copper
#2
Unai Vicario-Parés, Jose M Lacave, Paul Reip, Miren P Cajaraville, Amaia Orbea
Due to their antimicrobial, electrical and magnetic properties, copper nanoparticles (NPs) are suitable for a vast array of applications. Copper can be toxic to biota, making it necessary to assess the potential hazard of copper nanomaterials. Zebrafish (Danio rerio) were exposed to 10 µg Cu/L of CuO NPs of ≈100 nm (CuO-poly) or ionic copper to compare the effects provoked after 3 and 21 days of exposure and at 6 months post-exposure (mpe). At 21 days, significant copper accumulation was only detected in fish exposed to ionic copper...
November 17, 2017: Ecotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149746/habitat-mosaics-and-path-analysis-can-improve-biological-conservation-of-aquatic-biodiversity-in-ecosystems-with-low-head-dams
#3
Sean M Hitchman, Martha E Mather, Joseph M Smith, Jane S Fencl
Conserving native biodiversity depends on restoring functional habitats in the face of human-induced disturbances. Low-head dams are a ubiquitous human impact that degrades aquatic ecosystems worldwide. To improve our understanding of how low-head dams impact habitat and associated biodiversity, our research examined complex interactions among three spheres of the total environment. i.e., how low-head dams (anthroposphere) affect aquatic habitat (hydrosphere), and native biodiversity (biosphere) in streams and rivers...
November 14, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148086/novel-gene-fusion-of-prcc-mitf-defines-a-new-member-of-mit-family-translocation-renal-cell-carcinoma-clinicopathologic-analysis-and-detection-of-the-gene-fusion-by-rna-sequencing-and-fish
#4
Qiu-Yuan Xia, Xiao-Tong Wang, Sheng-Bing Ye, Xuan Wang, Rui Li, Shan-Shan Shi, Ru Fang, Ru-Song Zhang, Heng-Hui Ma, Zhen-Feng Lu, Qin Shen, Wei Bao, Xiao-Jun Zhou, Qiu Rao
AIMS: MITF, TFE3, TFEB and TFEC belong to the same microphthalmia-associated transcription factor family (MiT). Two transcription factors in this family have been identified in two unusual types of renal cell carcinoma (RCC): Xp11 translocation RCC harboring TFE3 gene fusions and t(6;11) RCC harboring a MALAT1-TFEB gene fusion. The 2016 World Health Organization classification of renal neoplasia grouped these two neoplasms together under the category of MiT family translocation RCC. RCCs associated with the other two MiT family members, MITF and TFEC, have rarely been reported...
November 17, 2017: Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147099/changes-in-quality-characteristics-of-pork-patties-containing-antioxidative-fish-skin-peptide-or-fish-skin-peptide-loaded-nanoliposomes-during-refrigerated-storage
#5
Jing-Jing Bai, Jung-Gyu Lee, Sang-Yoon Lee, Soojin Kim, Mi-Jung Choi, Youngjae Cho
Marine fish skin peptides (FSP) have been widely studied due to their antioxidant and antimicrobial properties. We aimed to use a natural antioxidant, FSP, to replacing synthetic preservatives in a pork patty model, which is safer for human body. Moreover, nano-liposome technology can be applied for masking the fishy smell and improving the stability of this peptide. Therefore, in this study, the effects of FSP and FSP-loaded liposomes (FSPL) on pork patty were evaluated through the tests of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), color, cooking loss, texture, volatile basic nitrogen (VBN), and the pH value, during 14 d of refrigerated (4°C) storage...
2017: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146501/antibacterial-activity-and-probiotic-characterization-of-autochthonous-paenibacillus-polymyxa-isolated-from-anabas-testudineus-bloch-1792
#6
Sebastian J Midhun, Sahadevan Neethu, A Vysakh, Damodaran Arun, E K Radhakrishnan, Mathew Jyothis
Microbial fish pathogens are prevalent in aquaculture. Control of Bacterial fish pathogens is important and bio control of pathogenic bacteria is a novel field of study. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antagonistic activity of bacteria isolated from Anabas testudineus against potent fish pathogens. The cellular components/preparations and filtered cell free culture supernatants were effective against six fish pathogens. Altogether 110 strains were isolated from fish proximal and distal intestine, out of which 10 strains were selected through well diffusion method...
November 13, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146353/handheld-nir-device-a-non-targeted-approach-to-assess-authenticity-of-fish-fillets-and-patties
#7
Silvia Grassi, Ernestina Casiraghi, Cristina Alamprese
This study evaluates the reliability of a handheld NIR device in distinguishing fillets and patties of Atlantic cod (n = 80) from those of haddock (n = 90), in comparison with a FT-NIR benchtop spectrometer. The authentication issue was faced by Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA) and Soft Independent Modelling of Class Analogy (SIMCA), pre-treating spectral data with different algorithms, and validating models both internally and externally. The best LDA models gave 100% correct classification in prediction...
March 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146204/mercury-exposure-and-short-term-consequences-on-physiology-and-reproduction-in-antarctic-petrels
#8
Alice Carravieri, Jérôme Fort, Arnaud Tarroux, Yves Cherel, Oliver P Love, Solène Prieur, Maud Brault-Favrou, Paco Bustamante, Sébastien Descamps
Mercury (Hg) is a pervasive contaminant reaching Antarctic environments through atmospheric transport and deposition. Seabirds as meso to top predators can accumulate high quantities of Hg through diet. Reproduction is one of the most sensitive endpoints of Hg toxicity in marine birds. Yet, few studies have explored Hg exposure and effects in Antarctic seabirds, where increasing environmental perturbations challenge animal populations. This study focuses on the Antarctic petrel Thalassoica antarctica from Svarthamaren, Antarctica, where the world's largest breeding population is thought to be in decline...
November 13, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146199/noise-can-affect-acoustic-communication-and-subsequent-spawning-success-in-fish
#9
Karen de Jong, M Clara P Amorim, Paulo J Fonseca, Clive J Fox, Katja U Heubel
There are substantial concerns that increasing levels of anthropogenic noise in the oceans may impact aquatic animals. Noise can affect animals physically, physiologically and behaviourally, but one of the most obvious effects is interference with acoustic communication. Acoustic communication often plays a crucial role in reproductive interactions and over 800 species of fish have been found to communicate acoustically. There is very little data on whether noise affects reproduction in aquatic animals, and none in relation to acoustic communication...
November 13, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146052/phenotypic-alterations-in-breast-cancer-associated-with-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-a-comparison-with-baseline-rates-of-change
#10
Nosaibah Hariri, Andres A Roma, Farnaz Hasteh, Vighnesh Walavalkar, Oluwole Fadare
Several studies have documented phenotypic alterations in breast cancer associated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy [NACT], but many of these studies are limited by the fact that they did not account for the baseline rate of expected phenotypic change between biopsies and resections in the absence of NACT. Herein, we assess whether the NACT-associated rate of phenotypic change is significantly different than would be expected in a control population of patients that did not receive NACT. From a pathologic database, we documented the estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR) and human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2/neu) phenotypes of consecutive invasive breast carcinomas (n=826), as well as the subset in which at least one of these tests was assessed in both the biopsy and resection (n=340)...
December 2017: Annals of Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143897/anaplastic-lymphoma-kinase-testing-ihc-vs-fish-vs-ngs
#11
REVIEW
Xiaomin Niu, Jody C Chuang, Gerald J Berry, Heather A Wakelee
Personalized targeted therapy has emerged as a promising strategy in lung cancer treatment, with current attention focused on elucidation and detection of oncogenic drivers responsible for tumor initiation and maintenance and development of drug resistance. In lung cancer, several oncogenic drivers have been reported, triggering the application of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) to target these dysfunctional genes. The anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) rearrangement is responsible for about 4-7% of all non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLCs) and perhaps as high as a third in specific patient populations such as younger, male, non-smokers with advanced stage, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and Kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene (KRAS) wild type, and signet ring cell adenocarcinoma with abundant intracytoplasmic mucin...
November 16, 2017: Current Treatment Options in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141741/a-hospital-based-study-of-intestinal-capillariasis-in-thailand-clinical-features-potential-clues-for-diagnosis-and-epidemiological-characteristics-of-85-patients
#12
Lakkhana Sadaow, Oranuch Sanpool, Pewpan M Intapan, Watana Sukeepaisarnjaroen, Thidarat K Prasongdee, Wanchai Maleewong
Intestinal capillariasis caused by Capillaria philippinensis, a fish-borne nematode, is an important, emerging zoonotic helminthiasis. Cases may be fatal if suitable treatment is not administered in time. We reported a hospital-based study of 85 cases in Thailand, most of which were in the northeast. All patients had a history of eating raw or insufficiently cooked fresh water fish or prawns. The clinical manifestations are characterized by chronic diarrhea, borborygmi, abdominal pain, marked weight loss, muscle weakness, fatigue, dizziness, anorexia, and edema, as well as protein and electrolyte loss...
October 23, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139129/reproductive-biology-of-female-striped-marlin-kajikia-audax-in-the-western-pacific-ocean
#13
H-Y Chang, C-L Sun, S-Z Yeh, Y-J Chang, N-J Su, G DiNardo
Length and mass data for 1260 (536 females, 683 males, 41 sex unknown) striped marlin Kajikia audax were collected at the fish markets of Tungkang, Singkang and Nanfangao from July 2004 to September 2010. Of these samples, 534 gonads (236 females and 298 males) ranging from 95 to 206 cm in eye-to-fork length (LEF ) and 8 to 88 kg in round mass (MR ), were collected. Chi-square tests indicated sex ratios were homogeneous among months in 2004 and 2006-2008, but not in 2005, 2009 and 2010; and there were significant differences in sex ratio by size...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139117/size-dependent-social-attraction-and-repulsion-explains-the-decision-of-atlantic-cod-gadus-morhua-to-enter-baited-pots
#14
N Anders, A Fernö, O-B Humborstad, S Løkkeborg, G Rieucau, A C Utne-Palm
The present study tested whether the presence of already retained fishes inside baited fish pots acted as a social attraction and affected the entrance probability of Atlantic cod Gadus morhua in a fjord in northern Norway. Video analysis revealed that the probability of an entrance initially increased with the presence of low numbers of fishes inside the pot, but subsequently decreased at a critical number of caught fishes. The critical number was dependent on the size of the G. morhua attempting to enter...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137165/abs-fishcount-an-agent-based-simulator-of-underwater-sensors-for-measuring-the-amount-of-fish
#15
Iván García-Magariño, Raquel Lacuesta, Jaime Lloret
Underwater sensors provide one of the possibilities to explore oceans, seas, rivers, fish farms and dams, which all together cover most of our planet's area. Simulators can be helpful to test and discover some possible strategies before implementing these in real underwater sensors. This speeds up the development of research theories so that these can be implemented later. In this context, the current work presents an agent-based simulator for defining and testing strategies for measuring the amount of fish by means of underwater sensors...
November 13, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136178/identification-of-genomic-regions-associated-with-sex-in-pacific-halibut
#16
Daniel P Drinan, Timothy Loher, Lorenz Hauser
Understanding and identifying the genetic mechanisms responsible for sex-determination are important for species management, particularly in exploited fishes where sex biased harvest could have implications on population dynamics and long-term persistence. The Pacific halibut (Hippoglossus stenolepis) supports important fisheries in the North Pacific Ocean. The proportion of each sex in the annual harvest is currently estimated using growth curves, but genetic techniques may provide a more accurate method. We used restriction-site associated DNA (RAD) sequencing to identify RAD-tags that were linked to genetic sex, based on differentiation (FST) between the sexes...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Heredity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134713/comparative-ecological-transcriptomics-and-the-contribution-of-gene-expression-to-the-evolutionary-potential-of-a-threatened-fish
#17
Chris J Brauer, Peter J Unmack, Luciano B Beheregaray
Understanding whether small populations with low genetic diversity can respond to rapid environmental change via phenotypic plasticity is an outstanding research question in biology. RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) has recently provided the opportunity to examine variation in gene expression, a surrogate for phenotypic variation, in non-model species. We used a comparative RNA-seq approach to assess expression variation within and among adaptively divergent populations of a threatened freshwater fish, Nannoperca australis, found across a steep hydroclimatic gradient in the Murray-Darling Basin, Australia...
November 13, 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134525/toxicities-and-risk-assessment-of-heavy-metals-of-the-six-most-consumed-fish-from-the-marmara-sea
#18
Ayla Güngör, Derya Kara
Bream, anchovy, horse mackerel, sea bass, sardine, and whiting that are commonly consumed by the Turkish community were collected from the Marmara Sea in September and March and were analyzed for trace elements and for fat content. The total concentrations of some metals in these fish were determined using ICP-MS in acid extracts obtained after microwave digestion. The seasonal fat contents of the fish samples were determined gravimetrically following a Soxhlet extraction method. Experimental results were evaluated statistically using t tests and principal component analyses...
November 13, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134446/cleaner-fish-labroides-dimidiatus-discriminate-numbers-but-fail-a-mental-number-line-test
#19
Zegni Triki, Redouan Bshary
Several species of primates, including humans, possess a spontaneous spatial mental arrangement (i.e. mental number line MNL) of increasing numbers or continuous quantities from left to right. This cognitive process has recently been documented in domestic chicken in a spatial-numerical task, opening the possibility that MNL is a cognitive capacity that has been conserved across vertebrate taxa. In this scenario, fish might possess the MNL as well. Here we investigated whether cleaner fish Labroides dimidiatus show evidence for MNL in two experiments...
November 13, 2017: Animal Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133595/targeted-next-gen-sequencing-for-detecting-mll-gene-fusions-in-leukemia
#20
Sadia Afrin, Christine Rc Zhang, Claus Meyer, Caedyn L Stinson, Thy Pham, Timothy Jc Bruxner, Nicola C Venn, Toby N Trahair, Rosemary Sutton, Rolf Marschalek, J Lynn Fink, Andrew S Moore
Mixed Lineage Leukemia (MLL) gene rearrangements characterize approximately 70% of infant and 10% of adult and therapy-related leukemia. Conventional clinical diagnostics, including cytogenetics and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) fail to detect MLL translocation partner genes (TPGs) in many patients. Long-Distance Inverse (LDI)-PCR, the 'gold standard' technique that is used to characterize MLL breakpoints is laborious and requires a large input of genomic DNA (gDNA). To overcome the limitations of current techniques, a targeted Next-Generation Sequencing (NGS) approach that requires low RNA input was tested...
November 13, 2017: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
keyword
keyword
90717
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"