Read by QxMD icon Read

shoulder RM

Mattia Alessio-Mazzola, Ilaria Repetto, Besmir Biti, Roberto Trentini, Matteo Formica, Lamberto Felli
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy of two independent groups of patients treated with ultrasound (US)-guided extracorporeal shock wave (ESW) therapy and with US-guided injection of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) for chronic lateral epicondylitis (LE) with a minimum of 2-year follow-up. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 63 patients treated for chronic LE (31 patients with autologous US-guided PRP injection and 32 patients with US-guided focal ESW therapy) from 2009 to 2014...
January 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
Daniel Corbett, Max Hebditch, Rose Keeling, Peng Ke, Sofia Ekizoglou, Prasad Sarangapani, Jai Pathak, Christopher F Van Der Walle, Shahid Uddin, Clair Baldock, Carlos Avendaño, Robin A Curtis
Predicting the concentrated solution behavior for monoclonal antibodies requires developing and using minimal models to describe their shape and interaction potential. Toward this end, the small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) profiles for a monoclonal antibody (COE-03) have been measured under solution conditions chosen to produce weak self-association. The experiments are complemented with molecular simulations of a three-bead antibody model with and without interbead attraction. The scattering profile is extracted directly from the molecular simulation to avoid using the decoupling approximation...
August 25, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Brian C Werner, Xiang Chen, Christopher L Camp, Andreas Kontaxis, Joshua S Dines, Lawrence V Gulotta
BACKGROUND: Numerous surgical options for the management of engaging Hill-Sachs lesions exist, of which remplissage has emerged as one of the most popular arthroscopic techniques. Remplissage is not without disadvantages, however, and has been demonstrated to potentially result in a loss of external rotation (ER) due to nonanatomic tethering of the infraspinatus tendon and a potential decrease in infraspinatus strength clinically. PURPOSE: The efficacy of posterior medial capsular plication in addition to Bankart repair was examined as an arthroscopic management strategy for an engaging Hill-Sachs defect...
July 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Wei Zhao, Wei-Wei Shen, Xiao-Mei Cao, Wen-Yan Ding, Lin-Ping Yan, Ling-Juan Gao, Xiu-Ling Li, Tian-Ying Zhong
Clinical pregnancies increasingly end in recurrent miscarriage (RM) during the first trimester, with genetic factors shouldering the main responsibility. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) regulate gene expression in a wide array of important biological processes. We examined the potential role of dysregulated miRNAs in RM pathogenesis and trophoblast development as an approach to elucidate the molecular mechanism behind RM. miRNA profiles from clinical specimens of RM and induced abortion (IA) were compared, and several miRNAs were found to be aberrantly expressed in RM samples...
October 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Vinícius Yan Santos Nascimento, Rafaela Joyce Barbosa Torres, Natália Barros Beltrão, Priscila Soares Dos Santos, André Luiz Torres Pirauá, Valéria Mayaly Alves de Oliveira, Ana Carolina Rodarti Pitangui, Rodrigo Cappato de Araújo
This study evaluated the effects of instability on the EMG activity of scapular stabilizing and upper limb muscles during exercises with axial and rotational load. Twenty male volunteers (20.9 ± 1.8 years, 174.1 ± 0.04 cm, 73.17 ± 8.77 kg) experienced in strength training participated in a crossover design. Muscle activation of anterior deltoid (AD), posterior deltoid (PD), pectoralis major (PM), biceps brachii (BB), triceps brachii (TB), upper trapezius (UT), middle trapezius (MT), lower trapezius (LT), and serratus anterior (SA) were determined on both conditions...
April 2017: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
Sang-Mi Chung, Kyoung-Bo Lee, Young-Dong Kim
[Purpose] This study investigated whether a shoulder reaching exercise was beneficial for restoring the standing balance of patients with hemiplegia after stroke. [Subjects and Methods] There were 13 subjects in the experimental group (EG) and 14 subjects in the control group (CG), all with hemiplegia following stroke. The shoulder reaching exercise intervention was performed by the EG and conventional physical therapy was administered to the CG for 30 minutes, 3 times a week for 4 weeks. Virtual reality (RM, BioRescue -AP 1153, France) was used as an assessment tool...
July 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Birgit Castelein, Barbara Cagnie, Thierry Parlevliet, Ann Cools
BACKGROUND: The quality of the scapular movement depends on the coordinated activity of the surrounding scapulothoracic muscles. Besides the well-known changes in Trapezius and Serratus Anterior (SA) activity in patients with subacromial impingement syndrome (SIS), no studies exist that have investigated the activity of the smaller less superficial muscles that attach on the scapula (Pectoralis Minor (Pm), the Levator Scapulae (LS) and the Rhomboid Major (RM)) in a population with SIS, despite the hypothesized importance of these muscles in shoulder function...
June 2016: Manual Therapy
Tomasz Tomiak, Andriy V Gorkovenko, Arkadii N Tal'nov, Tetyana I Abramovych, Viktor S Mishchenko, Inna V Vereshchaka, Alexander I Kostyukov
The main purpose was to analyze quantitatively the the average surface EMGs of the muscles that function around the elbow and shoulder joints of both arms in bimanual "rowing" movements, which were produced under identical elastic loads applied to the levers ("oars"). The muscles of PM group ("pulling" muscles: elbow flexors, shoulder extensors) generated noticeable velocity-dependent dynamic EMG components during the pulling and returning phases of movement and supported a steady-state activity during the hold phase...
2015: Frontiers in Physiology
Chae-Woo Yi, Ju-Yong Shin, Youn-Joung Kim
[Purpose] This study aims to examine the effects of the extension of the fingers (distal upper limb) on the activity of the shoulder muscles (proximal upper limb). [Subjects and Methods] This study involved 14 healthy male adults with no musculoskeletal disorder or pain related to the shoulders and hands. The subjects in a sitting posture abducted the angle of the shoulder joints at 60° and had their palms in the front direction. Electromyography (EMG) was comparatively analyzed to look at the activities of the infraspinatus (IS) and rhomboid major (RM) when the fingers were extended and relaxed...
September 2015: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Aaron Sciascia, Tim Uhl
BACKGROUND: Upper extremity physical performance measures exist but none have been universally accepted as the primary means of gauging readiness to return to activity following rehabilitation. Few reports have described reliability and/or differences in outcome with physical performance measures between individuals with and without shoulder symptoms. HYPOTHESES/PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to establish the reliability of traditional upper extremity strength testing and the CKCUEST in persons with and without shoulder symptoms as well as to determine if the testing maneuvers could discriminate between individuals with and without shoulder symptoms...
October 2015: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Jonathan L Freeston, Thomas Carter, Gary Whitaker, Owen Nicholls, Kieron B Rooney
Throwing velocity is an important aspect of fielding in cricket to affect run-outs and reduce the opponent's run-scoring opportunities. Although a relationship between strength and/or power and throwing velocity has been well established in baseball, water polo, and European handball, it has not been adequately explored in cricket. Consequently, this study aimed to determine the relationship between measures of strength and/or power and throwing velocity in cricket players. Seventeen male cricket players (mean ± SD; age, 21...
2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Birgit Castelein, Ann Cools, Thierry Parlevliet, Barbara Cagnie
BACKGROUND: In patients with shoulder or neck pain, often an imbalance of the activation in the scapular upward and downward rotators is present which can cause abnormalities in coordinated scapular rotation. Shrug exercises are often recommended to activate muscles that produce upward rotation, but little information is available on the activity of the downward rotators during shrugging exercises. The position used for the shrug exercise may affect the relative participation of the medial scapular rotators...
February 2016: Manual Therapy
Olav Gomo, Roland Van Den Tillaar
The aim of this study was to examine the occurrence of the sticking region by examining how three different grip widths affect the sticking region in powerlifters' bench press performance. It was hypothesised that the sticking region would occur at the same joint angle of the elbow and shoulder independent of grip width, indicating a poor mechanical region for vertical force production at these joint angles. Twelve male experienced powerlifters (age 27.7 ± 8.8 years, mass 91.9 ± 15.4 kg) were tested in one repetition maximum (1-RM) bench press with a narrow, medium and wide grip...
2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
Isabella Lima Arrais Ribeiro, Fernanda Campos, Rafael Santiago Sousa, Maria Luiza Lima Alves, Dalton Matos Rodrigues, Rodrigo Othavio Assuncão Souza, Marco Antonio Bottino
CONTEXT: Discrepancies at the abutment/crown interface can affect the longevity of zirconia restorations. AIM: The aim was to evaluate the marginal and internal discrepancies (MD and ID) of zirconia copings manufactured by two milling systems with different finish lines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three aluminum-master-dies (h = 5.5 mm; Ψ =7.5 mm; 6΀), with different finish lines (large chamfer [LC]; tilted chamfer [TC]; rounded shoulder [RS]) were fabricated...
January 2015: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
Rafael Soncin, Juliana Pennone, Thiago M Guimarães, Bruno Mezêncio, Alberto C Amadio, Júlio C Serrão
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of exercise order on electromyographic activity in different muscle groups among youth men with experience in strength training. Three sets of 8 RM were performed of each exercise in two sequences order: (a) sequence A: bench press, chest fly, shoulder press, shoulder abduction, close grip bench press and lying triceps extension; (b) sequence B: the opposite order. The electromyographic activity was analyzed in the sternocostal head of the pectoralis major, anterior deltoid, and long head triceps brachii, normalized for maximal voluntary isometric contraction...
December 9, 2014: Journal of Human Kinetics
Regis Radaelli, Steven J Fleck, Thalita Leite, Richard D Leite, Ronei S Pinto, Liliam Fernandes, Roberto Simão
The study's purpose was to compare the response of performing 1, 3, and 5 sets on measures of performance and muscle hypertrophy. Forty-eight men, with no weight training experience, were randomly assigned to one of the 3 training groups, 1 SET, 3 SETS, 5 SETS, or control group. All training groups performed 3 resistance training sessions per week for 6 months. The 5 repetition maximum (RM) for all training groups increased in the bench press (BP), front lat pull down (LPD), shoulder press (SP), and leg press (LP) (p ≤ 0...
May 2015: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Elisângela Valevein Rodrigues, Anna Raquel Silveira Gomes, Aldre Izabel Pchevozniki Tanhoffer, Neiva Leite
Work related musculoskeletal disorders are a major concern for public health and pain is the most important symptom. The aim of this study was to verify the effectiveness of workplace exercises to control musculoskeletal pain and its frequency, intensity, duration and type of exercises used. The search was conducted systematically in Medline, Pubmed, Embase, Bireme, Web of Knowledge and Pedro databases. The keywords "workplace", "exercise" and "musculoskeletal disorders" were used combined. Randomized control trials which performed worksite exercises were selected and the studies were assessed by their methodological soundness...
2014: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
Dong-Il Seo, Eonho Kim, Christopher A Fahs, Lindy Rossow, Kaelin Young, Steven L Ferguson, Robert Thiebaud, Vanessa D Sherk, Jeremy P Loenneke, Daeyeol Kim, Man-Ki Lee, Kyung-Hoon Choi, Debra A Bemben, Michael G Bemben, Wi-Young So
The purpose of the present study was to examine the influence of muscle group location and gender on the reliability of assessing the one-repetition maximum (1RM) test. Thirty healthy males (n = 15) and females (n = 15) who experienced at least 3 months of continuous resistance training during the last 2 years aged 18-35 years volunteered to participate in the study. The 1RM for the biceps curl, lat pull down, bench press, leg curl, hip flexion, triceps extension, shoulder press, low row, leg extension, hip extension, leg press and squat were measured twice by a trained professional using a standard published protocol...
2012: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
Humberto Miranda, Tiago Figueiredo, Bernardo Rodrigues, Gabriel Andrade Paz, Roberto Simão
The purposes of this study were to compare the repetition performance and rating of perceived exertion (RPE) in different exercises order of three resistance training (RT) exercises: bench press (BP), shoulder press (SP), and triceps extension (TE). Twelve trained men participated in this study (26.75 ± 2.49 years; 177 ± 4.66 cm; 77.7 ± 6.20 kg; 12.61 ± 2.01% body fat; RT experience 3.58 ± 1.24 years). Data were collected in two phases: (1) 10 RM test for BP, SP, and TE and (2) performance of six RT sequences...
2013: Research in Sports Medicine
Jose Antonio, Victoria Ciccone
BACKGROUND: Chronic supplementation with creatine monohydrate has been shown to promote increases in total intramuscular creatine, phosphocreatine, skeletal muscle mass, lean body mass and muscle fiber size. Furthermore, there is robust evidence that muscular strength and power will also increase after supplementing with creatine. However, it is not known if the timing of creatine supplementation will affect the adaptive response to exercise. Thus, the purpose of this investigation was to determine the difference between pre versus post exercise supplementation of creatine on measures of body composition and strength...
2013: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"