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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323854/the-unfinished-health-agenda-neonatal-mortality-in-cambodia
#1
Rathmony Hong, Pauline Yongeun Ahn, Frank Wieringa, Tung Rathavy, Ludovic Gauthier, Rathavuth Hong, Arnaud Laillou, Judit Van Geystelen, Jacques Berger, Etienne Poirot
BACKGROUND: Reduction of neonatal and under-five mortality rates remains a primary target in the achievement of universal health goals, as evident in renewed investments of Sustainable Development Goals. Various studies attribute declines in mortality to the combined effects of improvements in health care practices and changes in socio-economic factors. Since the early nineties, Cambodia has managed to evolve from a country devastated by war to a nation soon to enter the group of middle income countries...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323542/organized-abuse-in-adulthood-survivor-and-professional-perspectives
#2
Michael Salter
This paper reports on the preliminary findings of a qualitative study of Australian women disclosing organized abuse in adulthood and the mental health professionals who treat them. Drawing on interviews with survivors and mental health professionals, the paper analyses the fraught relationship between mental health and physical safety for adults subject to organized abuse. The therapeutic progress of adult organized abuse victims can be disrupted by ongoing threats, stalking, and group violence, which in turn reinforces the dissociative responses and pathological attachments that render them vulnerable to revictimization...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323460/supply-side-disruption-in-cocaine-production-associated-with-cocaine-related-maternal-and-child-health-outcomes-in-the-united-states
#3
Chris Delcher, Melvin Livingston, Yanning Wang, Meredith Mowitz, Mildred Maldonado-Molina, Bruce A Goldberger
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of precursor chemical regulation aimed at reducing cocaine production on cocaine-related maternal and newborn hospital stays in the United States. METHODS: We analyzed monthly counts of maternal and neonatal stays from January 2002 through December 2013 by using a quasi-experimental interrupted time series design. We estimated the preregulation linear trend, postregulation change in linear trend, and abrupt change in level...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318419/preparing-youth-with-cancer-for-amputation-a-systematic-review
#4
Caitlyn A Loucas, Sarah R Brand, Sima Zadeh Bedoya, Anna C Muriel, Lori Wiener
Children and adolescents who require limb amputation as part of cancer treatment face many physical and emotional challenges. Preparatory interventions may serve to facilitate positive coping and improve long-term adjustment during pediatric cancer treatment, including decreasing anxiety and post-operative distress. This review aimed to examine and identify the type and degree of psychosocial preparation provided to the child with cancer and family prior to amputation. Electronic databases including Embase, PubMed, and PsycINFO were searched for relevant research articles...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318393/pathways-to-adolescent-childbearing-among-kaqchikel-women-in-guatemala
#5
Emily Lemon, Monique Hennink, Nely Amparo Can Saquic
One-in-five children in Guatemala is born to a mother aged 15-19 years, which poses social, economic and health risks to both mother and child. In Guatemala, adolescent childbearing is directly associated with education, ethnicity and poverty, which increases vulnerability among Indigenous young women living in poverty. This study examines the context and experiences of adolescent childbearing from the perspectives of young mothers in the Kaqchikel Indigenous ethnic group of Sololá, Guatemala. Data were collected in 19 qualitative in-depth interviews with women who had given birth to one or more children when aged 15 to 19 years...
March 20, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317139/mortality-after-inpatient-treatment-for-severe-pneumonia-in-children-a-cohort-study
#6
Moses M Ngari, Greg Fegan, Martha K Mwangome, Mwanajuma J Ngama, Neema Mturi, John Anthony Gerard Scott, Evasius Bauni, David James Nokes, James A Berkley
BACKGROUND: Although pneumonia is a leading cause of inpatient mortality, deaths may also occur after discharge from hospital. However, prior studies have been small, in selected groups or did not fully evaluate risk factors, particularly malnutrition and HIV. We determined 1-year post-discharge mortality and risk factors among children diagnosed with severe pneumonia. METHODS: A cohort study of children aged 1-59 months admitted to Kilifi County Hospital with severe pneumonia (2007-12)...
March 20, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315884/complementary-feeding-micronutrients-and-developmental-outcomes-of-children
#7
Jacqueline F Gould
The period of complementary feeding (6-24 months of age) can be a challenging and vulnerable time for infant nutrition due to disproportionately high requirements for metabolic processes, rapid developmental processes, and limited gastric capacity. This is a period of crucial brain development where high caloric intake is necessary to allow synaptogenesis (creation of channels between neurons for communication), and maintenance of established synapses, myelination (laying the myelin sheath around neuronal axons) and everyday psychological functioning...
2017: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306401/caregiver-s-depressive-symptoms-and-asthma-control-in-children-from-an-underserved-community
#8
Andrea Rioseco, Carolina Serrano, Juan C Celedón, Oslando Padilla, Klaus Puschel, Jose A Castro-Rodriguez
Caregiver's or maternal depression has been associated with increased asthma morbidity in children from prosperous nations, but little is known about this link in low and middle-income countries. OBJECTIVE: To examine if caregiver's depressive symptoms are associated with poor asthma control and abnormal immune responses in school-aged children. METHODS: Case-control study of 87 asthmatic children (aged 4-11 years) attending a primary care clinic in an underserved area of Santiago (Chile)...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302306/further-victimization-of-child-sexual-abuse-victims-a-latent-class-typology-of-re-victimization-trajectories
#9
Nina L Papalia, Stefan Luebbers, James R P Ogloff, Margaret Cutajar, Paul E Mullen, Emily Mann
The association between child sexual abuse (CSA) and risk for re-victimization is well-documented; however, less is known about the temporal progression of re-victimization experiences over the early life-course among CSA survivors, and whether this differs from that of those without known sexual abuse histories. This study investigated whether there are distinct temporal pathways of interpersonal re-victimization between the ages of 10-25 years among medically confirmed CSA cases, and considered whether abuse variables, re-victimization variables, and the presence of other adverse outcomes, were associated with heterogeneity in re-victimization pathways...
March 13, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298279/the-potential-impact-of-animal-science-research-on-global-maternal-and-child-nutrition-and-health-a-landscape-review
#10
REVIEW
Jack Odle, Sheila K Jacobi, R Dean Boyd, Dale E Bauman, Russell V Anthony, Fuller W Bazer, Adam L Lock, Andrew C Serazin
High among the challenges facing mankind as the world population rapidly expands toward 9 billion people by 2050 is the technological development and implementation of sustainable agriculture and food systems to supply abundant and wholesome nutrition. In many low-income societies, women and children are the most vulnerable to food insecurity, and it is unequivocal that quality nutrition during the first 1000 d of life postconception can be transformative in establishing a robust, lifelong developmental trajectory...
March 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288601/babies-living-safe-smokefree-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-multilevel-multimodal-behavioral-intervention-to-reduce-low-income-children-s-tobacco-smoke-exposure
#11
Bradley N Collins, Stephen J Lepore
BACKGROUND: Addressing children's tobacco smoke exposure (TSE) remains a public health priority. However, there is low uptake and ineffectiveness of treatment, particularly in low-income populations that face numerous challenges to smoking behavior change. A multilevel intervention combining system-level health messaging and advice about TSE delivered at community clinics that disseminate the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC), combined with nicotine replacement and intensive multimodal, individual-level behavioral intervention may improve TSE control efforts in such high-risk populations...
March 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287753/parental-educational-attainment-and-adult-offspring-personality-an-intergenerational-life-span-approach-to-the-origin-of-adult-personality-traits
#12
Angelina R Sutin, Martina Luchetti, Yannick Stephan, Richard W Robins, Antonio Terracciano
Why do some individuals have more self-control or are more vulnerable to stress than others? Where do these basic personality traits come from? Although a fundamental question in personality, more is known about how traits are related to important life outcomes than their developmental origins. The present research took an intergenerational life span approach to address whether a significant aspect of the childhood environment-parental educational attainment-was associated with offspring personality traits in adulthood...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282594/systemic-barriers-to-effective-utilization-of-decision-making-tools-in-child-protection-practice
#13
Ravit Alfandari
This qualitative research was designed to evaluate the extent to which a national reform in Israeli child protection decision making committees was achieving its aim to strengthen professional judgment through introducing a new standard tools package into practice. Twenty-one case studies of families referred to the committee were investigated and followed up after six months. Data were collected through interviews with social workers, field observations of the committees' discussions and document review. Using a systems approach as a conceptual framework, everyday practice was studied within its organizational context...
March 7, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279433/patterns-of-oxygenation-mortality-and-growth-status-in-the-surfactant-positive-pressure-and-oxygen-trial-cohort
#14
Juliann M Di Fiore, Richard J Martin, Hong Li, Nathan Morris, Waldemar A Carlo, Neil Finer, Michele Walsh
OBJECTIVE: To characterize actual achieved patterns of oxygenation in infants born appropriate vs small for gestational age (SGA) randomized to a lower (85-89%) vs higher (91%-95%) oxygen saturation target in the Surfactant Positive Pressure and Oxygen Trial. To determine the association between achieved oxygen saturation levels and survival in infants born appropriate vs SGA enrolled in the Surfactant Positive Pressure and Oxygen Trial. STUDY DESIGN: Median oxygen saturation and intermittent hypoxemia events (<80%, 20 seconds-5  minutes) were documented in 1054 infants of 24(0/7)-27(6/7) weeks of gestation while receiving supplemental oxygen during the first 3 days of life...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276066/stress-vulnerability-in-adolescents-with-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-experimental-study-investigating-heart-rate-variability-and-skin-conductance-responses
#15
Katharine A Rimes, Kate Lievesley, Trudie Chalder
BACKGROUND: Stress vulnerability has been implicated in adolescent chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), but has rarely been investigated directly. This study compared psychological and physiological responses to a laboratory social performance task in adolescents with CFS with chronic illness (asthma) and healthy control groups. METHODS: Adolescents with CFS (n = 60), adolescents with asthma (n = 31) and healthy adolescents (n = 78) completed questionnaires before and after a social performance task...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273865/a-review-of-the-field-on-children-s-exposure-to-environmental-contaminants-a-risk-assessment-approach
#16
REVIEW
Alesia Ferguson, Rosalind Penney, Helena Solo-Gabriele
Background: Children must be recognized as a sensitive population based on having biological systems and organs in various stages of development. The processes of absorption, distribution, metabolism and elimination of environmental contaminants within a child's body are considered less advanced than those of adults, making them more susceptible to disease outcomes following even small doses. Children's unique activities of crawling and practicing increased hand-to-mouth ingestion also make them vulnerable to greater exposures by certain contaminants within specific environments...
March 4, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273551/the-importance-of-spatial-orientation-and-knowledge-of-traffic-signs-for-children-s-traffic-safety
#17
Aleksandar Trifunović, Dalibor Pešić, Svetlana Čičević, Boris Antić
Pre-school children, as well as children from lower grades in primary school, who although rarely, completely independently participate in traffic, represent a vulnerable population from the standpoint of traffic safety. The greatest number of children were injured or killed in road traffic crashes on their way from home to kindergarten or school. Mostly due to lack of experience, children's behavior is confusing and often reckless and hasty. Safe behavior in the traffic environment demands certain cognitive skills...
March 5, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272116/l-methylfolate-supplementation-in-a-child-with-autism-and-methyltetrahydrofolate-reductase-enzyme-gene-c677tt-allele
#18
Kim S Siscoe, W David Lohr
Errors in folate metabolism may play a role in the pathology of autism spectrum disorders because of increased vulnerability to oxidative stress. We report a case where L-methylfolate supplementation improved symptoms of aggression and disruptive behavior in a child with autism who tested positive for the C677TT allele of the methyltetrahydrofolate reductase enzyme gene. To our knowledge, this is the first report of L-methylfolate administration in this situation. Further controlled studies of L-methylfolate in this population are warranted...
March 7, 2017: Psychiatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253872/midwestern-latino-caregivers-knowledge-attitudes-and-sense-making-of-the-oral-health-etiology-prevention-and-barriers-that-inhibit-their-children-s-oral-health-a-cbpr-approach
#19
Kimberly K Walker, E Angeles Martínez-Mier, Armando E Soto-Rojas, Richard D Jackson, Sarah M Stelzner, Lorena C Galvez, Gabriela J Smith, Miriam Acevedo, Laura Dandelet, Dulce Vega
BACKGROUND: Using community-based participatory research, the Health Protection Model was used to understand the cultural experiences, attitudes, knowledge and behaviors surrounding caries etiology, its prevention and barriers to accessing oral health care for children of Latino parents residing in Central Indiana. METHODS: A community reference group (CBPR) was established and bi-lingual community research associates were used to conduct focus groups comprised of Latino caregivers...
March 2, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252577/maternal-child-microbiome-specimen-collection-storage-and-implications-for-research-and-practice
#20
Sheila Jordan, Brenda Baker, Alexis Dunn, Sara Edwards, Erin Ferranti, Abby D Mutic, Irene Yang, Jeannie Rodriguez
BACKGROUND: The maternal microbiome is a key contributor to the development and outcomes of pregnancy and the health status of both mother and infant. Significant advances are occurring in the science of the maternal and child microbiome and hold promise in improving outcomes related to pregnancy complications, child development, and chronic health conditions of mother and child. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to review site-specific considerations in the collection and storage of maternal and child microbiome samples and its implications for nursing research and practice...
March 2017: Nursing Research
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