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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645979/the-2015-middle-childhood-survey-mcs-of-mental-health-and-well-being-at-age-11-years-in-an-australian-population-cohort
#1
Kristin R Laurens, Stacy Tzoumakis, Kimberlie Dean, Sally A Brinkman, Miles Bore, Rhoshel K Lenroot, Maxwell Smith, Allyson Holbrook, Kim M Robinson, Robert Stevens, Felicity Harris, Vaughan J Carr, Melissa J Green
PURPOSE: The Middle Childhood Survey (MCS) was designed as a computerised self-report assessment of children's mental health and well-being at approximately 11 years of age, conducted with a population cohort of 87 026 children being studied longitudinally within the New South Wales (NSW) Child Development Study. PARTICIPANTS: School Principals provided written consent for teachers to administer the MCS in class to year 6 students at 829 NSW schools (35.0% of eligible schools)...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644775/how-a-child-with-cancer-moved-from-vulnerability-to-resilience
#2
Tracey S Danaher, Sarah R Brand, Lucy S S Pickard, Jennifer W Mack, Leonard L Berry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643158/measuring-working-memory-capacity-in-children-using-adaptive-tasks-example-validation-of-an-adaptive-complex-span
#3
Corentin Gonthier, Alexandre Aubry, Béatrice Bourdin
Working memory tasks designed for children usually present trials in order of ascending difficulty, with testing discontinued when the child fails a particular level. Unfortunately, this procedure comes with a number of issues, such as decreased engagement from high-ability children, vulnerability of the scores to temporary mind-wandering, and large between-subjects variations in number of trials, testing time, and proactive interference. To circumvent these problems, the goal of the present study was to demonstrate the feasibility of assessing working memory using an adaptive testing procedure...
June 22, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637312/the-provision-of-healthcare-to-young-and-dependent-children-the-principles-concepts-and-utility-of-the-children-act-1989
#4
Jo Bridgeman
This article undertakes a thorough analysis of the case law concerned with the provision of healthcare to young and dependent children. It demonstrates how, despite the procedural changes introduced by the Children Act 1989 at an early stage in this body of case law, cases have continued to be brought to court by way of applications for the court to exercise its inherent jurisdiction or in wardship rather than using the orders introduced by the Act. In determining these cases, the court is focused upon its protective duty to the vulnerable but proceedings appear to be adversarial contests between the claims of adults to know what is best for the child in which the medical view normally prevails...
June 14, 2017: Medical Law Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633958/small-talk-identifying-communication-problems-in-maltreated-children
#5
M Frederico, A L Jackson, C M Black, A Cox, B Joffe
Development of speech and language is rapid in early years, yet if developmental problems in speech and language are not addressed they are likely to continue and impact negatively on a child's overall development and their life trajectory. Children who have experienced abuse and or neglect are particularly vulnerable. The aim of this study was to develop a tool to assist in identifying a child's need for assessment by a speech pathologist so that there could be early identification of problems. A culturally sensitive tool was developed to be completed by the child's carer included questions on language, speech and hearing, voice, fluency, understanding sentences, vocabulary and expression...
June 17, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633701/management-of-child-mdr-tb-contacts-across-countries-in-the-who-european-region-a-survey-of-current-practice
#6
A Turkova, M Tebruegge, F Brinkmann, M Tsolia, F Mouchet, B Kampmann, J A Seddon
The World Health Organization European Region has one of the highest rates of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in the world, resulting in many vulnerable children being exposed each year. Evidence for preventive therapy following MDR-TB exposure is limited and current guidance is conflicting. An internet-based survey was performed to determine clinical practice in this region. Seventy-two clinicians from 25 countries participated. Practices related to screening and decision-making were highly variable...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633653/household-cereal-crop-harvest-and-children-s-nutritional-status-in-rural-burkina-faso
#7
Kristine Belesova, Antonio Gasparrini, Ali Sié, Rainer Sauerborn, Paul Wilkinson
BACKGROUND: Reduction of child undernutrition is one of the Sustainable Development Goals for 2030. Achievement of this goal may be made more difficult in some settings by climate change through adverse impact on agricultural productivity. However, there is only limited quantitative evidence on the link between household crop harvests and child nutrition. We examined this link in a largely subsistence farming population in rural Burkina Faso. METHODS: Data on the middle-upper arm circumference (MUAC) of 975 children ≤5 years of age, household crop yields, and other parameters were obtained from the Nouna Health and Demographic Surveillance System...
June 20, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632514/childhood-precursors-of-the-narcissistic-personality
#8
Phebe Cramer
This research identifies the childhood personality characteristics that predict the presence of narcissism in adulthood. Using data from the longitudinal study of Block and Block (The California Child Q-set. Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press, 1980), childhood personality characteristics were assessed at age 11 (N = 100) using the California Child Q-set. A number of these were shown to differentially predict the presence of grandiose or vulnerable narcissism at age 23. Factor analyses of the Child Q-set items showed that the presence of Grandiose Narcissism was positively related to childhood factors representing social presence and negatively related to planfulness...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627296/sexual-violation-of-patients-by-physicians-a-mixed-methods-exploratory-analysis-of-101-cases
#9
James M DuBois, Heidi A Walsh, John T Chibnall, Emily E Anderson, Michelle R Eggers, Mobolaji Fowose, Hannah Ziobrowski
A mixed-method, exploratory design was used to examine 101 cases of sexual violations in medicine. The study involved content analysis of cases to characterize the physicians, patient-victims, the practice setting, kinds of sexual violations, and consequences to the perpetrator. In each case, a criminal law framework was used to examine how motives, means, and opportunity combined to generate sexual misconduct. Finally, cross-case analysis was performed to identify clusters of causal factors that explain specific kinds of sexual misconduct...
June 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621964/-the-best-interest-of-the-child-in-the-case-of-surrogate-maternity
#10
Ana-Paz Garibo Peyró
This article claims to analyze the situation of children born by means of surrogate maternity contract since these babies are one of the most vulnerable parts of this agreement, so their rights and interests could be affected in many ways. In order to study that situation, in the first place, has been accomplished a brief analysis of the concept of the best interest of the child. Afterwards it is examined the possible violation of the best interest of the child in the cases that have already been examined by Doctrine and Jurisprudence, that is, first the case of registration of these children in the country of origin Civil Registry of the intentional parents, and, in second place, the case of maternity benefit for intentional mothers...
May 2017: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620555/a-discussion-of-high-risk-hpv-in-a-6-year-old-female-survivor-of-child-sexual-abuse
#11
Connie D Cao, Lena Merjanian, Joelle Pierre, Adrian Balica
BACKGROUND: Human papilloma viruses (HPVs) cause a variety of clinical manifestations in children including skin warts, laryngeal papillomas, and condyloma acuminatum. Whereas the mode of transmission is well understood and management of HPV infection is clearly defined by guidelines in adults, less is known about the mode of transmission, natural history of disease, and appropriate management of high-risk anogenital HPV infections in children. CASE: The patient is a previously healthy 6-year-old female who presented with multiple vaginal lesions causing pain and discomfort and was diagnosed with HPV 18 positive CIN I...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614513/primary-care-and-collaborative-care-in-children-and-adolescents-psychosocial-interventions-facilitators-and-barriers
#12
Melissa Ribeiro Teixeira, Maria Cristina Ventura Couto, Pedro Gabriel Godinho Delgado
Considering the care gap in child and youth psychosocial care, the articulation of the intra-sectoral network is an important strategy to promote less fragmented care flows. The study analyzes facilitators and obstacles to collaborative care between the Family Health Strategy (ESF) and a Child and Youth Psychosocial Care Center (CAPSi) in Rio de Janeiro/RJ. This is an exploratory study with a qualitative approach, which main methodological tools were focus and intervention groups. From the proposed thematic axes, we identified that the perception of child and adolescent mental health problems by ESF workers was named by the behavioral changes located in a context of vulnerability...
June 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612176/antenatal-and-postnatal-depression-in-women-with-obesity-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Jana Steinig, Michaela Nagl, Katja Linde, Grit Zietlow, Anette Kersting
Obesity and depression are prevalent complications during pregnancy and associated with severe health risks for the mother and the child. The co-occurrence of both conditions may lead to a particular high-risk group. This review provides a systematic overview of the association between pre-pregnancy obesity and antenatal or postnatal depression. We conducted a systematic electronic literature search for English language articles published between January 1990 and March 2017. Inclusion criteria were (a) adult pregnant women, (b) women with pre-pregnancy obesity and normal weight controls, (c) definition of obesity according to the IOM 1990/2009 criteria, (d) established depression measure, and (e) report on the association between pre-pregnancy obesity and antenatal or postnatal depression...
June 13, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610744/prenatal-manganese-exposure-and-intrinsic-functional-connectivity-of-emotional-brain-areas-in-children
#14
Erik de Water, Erika Proal, Victoria Wang, Sandra Martínez Medina, Lourdes Schnaas, Martha María Téllez-Rojo, Robert O Wright, Cheuk Y Tang, Megan K Horton
Manganese (Mn) is an essential trace metal that is neurotoxic at high levels of exposure. Disruption of brain maturation processes during the prenatal period may have lasting consequences. During this critical period, the developing human brain is uniquely vulnerable to exposure to environmental toxicants such as Mn, and prenatal Mn exposure has been associated with changes in brain areas involved in emotion processing and regulation. The goal of the present pilot study was to examine whether prenatal Mn exposure is associated with changes in the intrinsic functional connectivity (iFC) of the brain in childhood, focusing on changes in emotional brain areas...
June 10, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609691/foundations-for-screening-adverse-childhood-experiences-exploring-patterns-of-exposure-through-infancy-and-toddlerhood
#15
Lorraine M McKelvey, James P Selig, Leanne Whiteside-Mansell
Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have lifetime consequences for health and development. Identification of ACEs early in childhood provides the potential to intervene before health and development are impaired. This study examined the timing and duration of exposure to ACEs experienced by children from low-income families from ages one to three years to identify whether there were patterns of exposure when infants and toddlers were most vulnerable. We were able to confirm the early negative consequences on cognitive, health, and behavior outcomes previously reported in young children using a national, longitudinal data set of parents and children from low-income households (N=2250)...
June 10, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609392/the-role-of-hormone-therapy-in-the-management-of-severe-postpartum-depression-in-patients-with-turner-syndrome
#16
Alison K Shea, Wendy Wolfman
OBJECTIVE: Premature ovarian failure associated with Turner syndrome presents clinicians with a vast range of health concerns, including infertility, cardiovascular disease, and decreased bone mineral density, in addition to psychological sequelae. Hormone therapy is paramount in managing these complications, but the additional needs in the postpartum period for those who are able to carry out a successful pregnancy have not been described. METHODS: We present a case of severe postpartum depression (PPD) with psychotic features in a patient with Turner syndrome, which presented at 4 weeks after the birth of her first child via egg donation RESULTS:: We describe the case of a previously well 32-year-old patient with an 46 X, i(Xq) karyotype, who went through a 4-week intensive inpatient treatment course for PPD, requiring electroconvulsant therapy for persistent infanticidal and suicidal ideation...
June 12, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607905/understanding-potential-uptake-of-a-proposed-mhealth-program-to-support-caregiver-home-management-of-childhood-illness-in-a-resource-poor-setting-a-qualitative-evaluation
#17
Tirza Areli Calderón, Holly Martin, Kathryn Volpicelli, Rosemary Frasso, Elsa Cecilia Díaz Arroyo, Ernesto Gozzer, Alison M Buttenheim
BACKGROUND: Extensive uptake of mobile phones offers an unprecedented opportunity to improve global healthcare delivery, especially among underserved populations. Mobile health (mHealth) has been increasingly recognized as a promising approach to addressing challenges in global maternal-child health and may play an important role in accelerating progress towards improved outcomes. However, more evidence guiding development of mHealth interventions is needed. The current study explores factors that may support or hinder adoption and use of a proposed mHealth intervention to improve caregiver home management of common childhood illnesses in order to shape program development...
2017: MHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606210/impulsivity-as-a-mechanism-linking-child-abuse-and-neglect-with-substance-use-in-adolescence-and-adulthood
#18
Assaf Oshri, Steve M Kogan, Josephine A Kwon, K A S Wickrama, Lauren Vanderbroek, Abraham A Palmer, James MacKillop
Emerging developmental perspectives suggest that adverse rearing environments promote neurocognitive adaptations that heighten impulsivity and increase vulnerability to risky behavior. Although studies document links between harsh rearing environments and impulsive behavior on substance use, the developmental hypothesis that impulsivity acts as mechanism linking adverse rearing environments to downstream substance use remains to be investigated. The present study investigated the role of impulsivity in linking child abuse and neglect with adult substance use using data from (a) a longitudinal sample of youth (Study 1, N = 9,421) and (b) a cross-sectional sample of adults (Study 2, N = 1,011)...
June 13, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595325/maternal-lifetime-stress-and-prenatal-psychological-functioning-are-associated-with-decreased-placental-mitochondrial-dna-copy-number-in-the-prism-study
#19
Kelly J Brunst, Marco Sanchez Guerra, Chris Gennings, Michele Hacker, Calvin Jara, Michelle Bosquet Enlow, Robert O Wright, Andrea Baccarelli, Rosalind J Wright
Psychosocial stress contributes to placental oxidative stress. Mitochondria are vulnerable to oxidative stress which can lead to changes in mitochondrial DNA copy number (mtDNAcn). We examined associations between maternal lifetime stress, current negative life events, depressive and posttraumatic stress disorder symptom scores and placental mtDNAcn in a racially/ethnically diverse sample (N = 147) from the PRogramming of Intergenerational Stress Mechanisms study (March 2011- August 2012). In linear regression analyses adjusted for maternal age, race/ethnicity, education, prenatal fine particulate matter, prenatal smoking, and child sex, all measures of stress were associated with decreased placental mtDNAcn (all P-values < 0...
June 8, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594603/behavior-problems-and-psychiatric-diagnoses-in-girls-with-gender-identity-disorder-a-follow-up-study
#20
Kelley D Drummond, Susan J Bradley, Michelle Peterson-Badali, Doug P VanderLaan, Kenneth J Zucker
This study evaluated the presence of clinical range behavior problems and psychiatric diagnoses in 25 girls referred for Gender Identity Disorder (GID) in childhood (M age, 8.88 years) at the time of follow-up in adolescence or adulthood (M age, 23.2 years). At follow-up, three (12%) of the girls were judged to have persistent GID based on DSM-IV criteria. With regard to behavior problems at follow-up, 39.1% of the girls had a clinical range score on either the Child Behavior Checklist or Adult Behavior Checklist as rated by their mothers and 33...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
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