Read by QxMD icon Read

cns metastasis

Kyoung Su Sung, Ju Hyung Moon, Eui Hyun Kim, Seok-Gu Kang, Se Hoon Kim, Chang-Ok Suh, Sun Ho Kim, Kyu-Sung Lee, Won Seok Chang, Jong Hee Chang
OBJECTIVE Solitary fibrous tumor/hemangiopericytoma (SFT/HPC) is a new combined entity for which a soft-tissue-type grading system, ranging from grades I to III, has been introduced in the 2016 WHO classification of tumors of the CNS. The results of the treatment of this new disease entity require evaluation. METHODS The authors retrospectively reevaluated the pathological findings and medical records of patients with SFT/HPC. This study included 60 patients (27 men and 33 women, median age 42.5 years, range 13-69 years) treated at Severance Hospital between February 1981 and February 2016...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
P S Blanchette, D N Desautels, G R Pond, J M S Bartlett, S Nofech-Mozes, M J Yaffe, K I Pritchard
PURPOSE: We have limited capability to predict survival among patients treated for metastatic HER2-positive breast cancer. Further research is warranted to identify significant prognostic and predictive factors. METHODS: We identified all HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer patients receiving trastuzumab at the Sunnybrook Odette Cancer Centre (SOCC) from 1999 to 2013 through the Cancer Care Ontario (CCO) Registry (n = 256) and selected patients with available pathology reports (n = 154)...
March 8, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Max Shutran, David Mosbach, Zachary Tataryn, Knarik Arkun, Julian K Wu
BACKGROUND AND IMPORTANCE: Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNST) are relatively rare tumors of peripheral nerves that are notable for their locally aggressive nature, ability to metastasize, poor prognosis, and association with Neurofibromatosis type I. We present the case of a patient with a trigeminal nerve MPNST who developed an unusual metastasis to the corpus callosum, in the absence of any other central nervous system or systemic metastatic disease. We review the pathology and presentation of MPNST...
March 5, 2018: Neurosurgery
Zhen Ni Zhou, Chelsea Canon, Cathleen Matrai, Eloise Chapman-Davis
The patient is a 42-year-old woman with metastatic primary peritoneal carcinoma and known brain metastases, who subsequently developed cauda equina syndrome after presenting with ataxia, lower extremity weakness, and bowel and bladder incontinence secondary to leptomeningeal metastasis after treatment with neoadjuvant chemotherapy, surgical debulking, and adjuvant chemotherapy. Metastases to the central nervous system (CNS) and leptomeninges are rare events in epithelial ovarian and primary peritoneal carcinomas as these tumours do not have a predilection for the CNS...
2018: Ecancermedicalscience
Ida M Ki Moore, Kari M Koerner, Patricia M Gundy, David W Montgomery, Kathleen C Insel, Lynnette L Harris, Olga A Taylor, Marilyn J Hockenberry
Aggressive central nervous system (CNS)-directed treatment for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), the most prevalent cancer among children and adolescents, prevents metastasis of leukemia cells into the brain. Up to 60% of survivors experience cognitive problems, but knowledge about risk factors for and mechanisms of neurologic injury is lacking. Objectives of the present study were to (1) quantify changes in oxidant defense and apoptosis over the course of ALL therapy and (2) elucidate risk factors for long-term cognitive problems...
January 1, 2018: Biological Research for Nursing
Claudio Martín, Andrés F Cardona, Zyanya Lucia Zatarain-Barrón, Alejandro Ruiz-Patiño, Omar Castillo, George Oblitas, Luis Corrales, Lorena Lupinacci, María Angelina Pérez, Leonardo Rojas, Lisde González, Luis Chirinos, Carlos Ortíz, Mauricio Lema, Carlos Vargas, Carmen Puparelli, Hernán Carranza, Jorge Otero, Oscar Arrieta
OBJECTIVE: This study describes the real-world characteristics, treatment sequencing, and outcomes among Hispanic patients with locally advanced/metastatic ALK-positive non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treated with crizotinib. METHODS: A retrospective patient review was conducted for several centers in Latin America. Clinicians identified ALK-positive NSCLC patients who received crizotinib and reported their clinical characteristics, treatments, and survival. Overall survival and progression-free survival (PFS) were described...
March 6, 2018: Oncology
Maxime Gauberti, Antoine P Fournier, Fabian Docagne, Denis Vivien, Sara Martinez de Lizarrondo
Endothelial cells of the central nervous system over-express surface proteins during neurological disorders, either as a cause, or a consequence, of the disease. Since the cerebral vasculature is easily accessible by large contrast-carrying particles, it constitutes a target of choice for molecular magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). In this review, we highlight the most recent advances in molecular MRI of brain endothelial activation and focus on the development of micro-sized particles of iron oxide (MPIO) targeting adhesion molecules including intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1), P-Selectin and E-Selectin...
2018: Theranostics
N G Jun Jie, Kok Ann Teo, Asim Shabbir, Tseng Tsai Yeo
Intra-abdominal metastasis (IAM) of central nervous system (CNS) tumors via ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS) is rare but has been previously reported (e.g., germinomas and medulloblastomas). However, there has been no previous report in the literature involving meningiomas. A case of primary rhabdoid meningioma with widespread intra-abdominal carcinomatosis after placement of a VPS in a 36-year-old man is described. The patient underwent preoperative angioembolization of the tumor, craniotomy, and surgical excision, followed by postoperative gamma knife radiosurgery...
January 2018: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
Takahiro Ando, Hidenori Kage, Minako Saito, Yosuke Amano, Yasushi Goto, Jun Nakajima, Takahide Nagase
BACKGROUND: Japanese Lung Cancer Society and ESMO guideline recommends screening for brain metastasis in all patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), while NCCN/ACCP guidelines do not recommend screening patients who are asymptomatic and with clinical stage I NSCLC. However, brain metastasis sometimes occurs in early stage NSCLC patients without any neurological symptoms. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed medical records of 124 patients admitted to the University of Tokyo Hospital with stage IV NSCLC from January 2012 to April 2016...
February 26, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
Mengya Si, Xiaoyang Jiao, Yazhen Li, Huanzhu Chen, Ping He, Fang Jiang
Aim: Central nervous system (CNS) metastasis is a major obstacle in the treatment of leukemia, and the underlying mechanisms of leukemia CNS metastasis are not fully understood. The present study is an investigation of the role of the CNS microenvironment in leukemia CNS metastasis. Methods: Analog blood-brain barrier (BBB) was set by coculturing human brain microvascular endothelial cells (HBMVECs) and leukemia cells (U937 and IL-60), as well as HBMVECs and sera from leukemia patients, in vitro...
2018: Cancer Management and Research
Srabanti Jana, Sushil K Singh
Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) is a significant target for the development of drugs for the treatment of arthritis, CNS disorders, and cancer metastasis. The structure-based and ligand-based methods were used for the virtual screening (VS) of database compounds to obtain potent and selective MMP-9 inhibitors. Experimentally known MMP-9 inhibitors were used to grow up ligand-based three pharmacophore models utilizing Schrodinger suite. The X-ray crystallographic structures of MMP-9 with different inhibitors were used to develop five energy-optimized structure-based (e-pharmacophore) models...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Biomolecular Structure & Dynamics
Akihiro Nishiyama, Tadaaki Yamada, Kenji Kita, Rong Wang, Sachiko Arai, Koji Fukuda, Azusa Tanimoto, Shinji Takeuchi, Shoichiro Tange, Atsushi Tajima, Noritaka Furuya, Takayoshi Kinoshita, Seiji Yano
BACKGROUND: Rearrangement of the neurotrophic tropomyosin receptor kinase 1 ( NTRK1 ) gene, which encodes tyrosine receptor kinase A (TRK-A), occurs in various cancers, including colon cancer. Although entrectinib is effective in the treatment of central nervous system (CNS) metastases that express NTRK1 fusion proteins, acquired resistance inevitably results in recurrence. CNS is a sanctuary for targeted drugs; however, the mechanism by which CNS metastases become entrectinib-resistant remains elusive and must be clarified to develop better therapeutics...
February 20, 2018: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
M C Mengoli, F Bertolini, M Maur, F Barbieri, L Longo, P Gasparri, M Tiseo, G Rossi
We report an ALK-rearranged adenocarcinoma of the lung presenting as a pituitary metastasis, clinically simulating a pituitary adenoma. The patient, a 50 year-old, former-smoking woman was admitted with a Parinaud's syndrome characterized by progressive oculomotor impairment of visual verticality, bitemporal hemianopsia and nystagmus. Imaging studies showed a sellar tumor and the biopsy revealed a TTF-1 and napsin positive lung adenocarcinoma strongly expressing synaptophysin and CD56, also harboring ALK rearrangement...
December 2017: Pathologica
Sheheryar Kabraji, Jing Ni, Nancy Lin, Shaozhen Xie, Eric P Winer, Jean J Zhao
The brain is the most common site of first metastasis for patients with HER2-positive breast cancer treated with HER2-targeting drugs. However, the development of effective therapies for breast cancer brain metastases (BCBMs) is limited by an incomplete understanding of the mechanisms governing drug sensitivity in the central nervous system. Pharmacodynamic data from patients and in vivo models suggest that inadequate drug penetration across the 'blood-tumor' barrier is not the whole story. Using HER2-positive breast cancer brain metastases as a case study, we highlight recent data from orthotopic brain metastasis models that implicates brain-specific drug resistance mechanisms in BCBMs and suggests a translational research paradigm to guide drug development for treatment of BCBMs...
February 6, 2018: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Chen-Xing Ji, Yang-Hua Fan, Fan Xu, Shi-Gang Lv, Min-Hua Ye, Miao-Jing Wu, Xin-Gen Zhu, Lei Wu
Derived from brain glial cells, gliomas are currently the most common primary tumours in the central nervous system and are characterised by a high recurrence rate and poor prognosis. RWDD3 (RWD domain-containing sumoylation enhancer, also termed RSUME), which can be induced by cellular stress, such as CoCl2, heat shock and hypoxia, may play a crucial role in tumour angiogenesis, growth and metastasis. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been demonstrated to act as negative regulators of post-transcriptional gene expression and are involved in tumour growth and metastasis...
February 13, 2018: Oncology Reports
Nuthan Kumar, Narendra Chaudhary, Anne Jennifer Prabhu, Leena Robinson Vimala, Deepthi Boddu, Leni Grace Mathew
Thymic carcinoma with central nervous system involvement is very rare in children. A 27-month-old girl presented with a unilateral squint, vomiting, and behavioral changes. Imaging studies showed a silent anterior mediastinal mass and a large metastatic mass at the base of the skull. Biopsy of the anterior mediastinal mass confirmed an undifferentiated tumor consistent with thymic carcinoma. The child died within 3 months of the onset of symptoms, due to progression of the disease. These lethal tumors of unknown histogeneses and etiology are aggressive in nature, resistant to therapy, and have a rapidly fatal course...
January 1, 2018: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
Yoichi Nishii, Osamu Hataji, Kentaro Ito, Fumiaki Watanabe, Tetsu Kobayashi, Corina D'Alessandro-Gabazza, Masaaki Toda, Osamu Taguchi, Nobuyuki Yamamoto, Esteban C Gabazza
Osimertinib, a third-generation epithelial growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor, has been demonstrated to be effective for treating patients with T790M-positive advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with a relatively good performance status (grade 0-1). Reports of therapeutic response to osimertinib in advanced NSCLC patients with poor performance status are infrequent. The present case report discusses a patient with advanced lung adenocarcinoma harboring EGFR exon 19 deletion and T790M mutation with central nervous system involvement and poor performance status...
February 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Trevan Fischer, Shrawan Gaitonde, Maris Jones, Bradley Bandera, Melanie Goldfarb
Paragangliomas (PGL) are rare neuroendocrine tumors. This study describes the largest collection of PGLs and evaluates factors that impact survival. Patients with PGL from 1998 to 2013 in the NCDB were reviewed. Independent predictors of overall survival (OS) were identified for patients with non-central nervous system (CNS) tumors. Of 867 PGLs, the primary site was CNS (39.9%), abdomen/pelvis (A&P) (21.0%), head and neck (H&N) (17.5%), thoracic (15.1%), bladder (3%), or unspecified (3.5%). Of 521 non-central nervous system (CNS) PGLs, there were differences in sex, comorbidities, treatment facility, tumor size, treatment modality (P < 0...
October 1, 2017: American Surgeon
Jun-Qing Liu, Wen-Yuan Mai, Si-Ben Wang, Yin-Jun Lou, Sen-Xiang Yan, Jie Jin, Wei-Lai Xu
RATIONALE: Concurrent case of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) has not been reported. Here, we report a case of NPC, who was concurrently suffered from AML one mother after the NPC diagnosis. PATIENT CONCERNS: The patient was a 45-year-old male who presented with a mass on his right side neck. DIAGNOSES: The patient was diagnosed with Epstein-Barr virus negative type-2 non-keratinizing carcinoma with clivus involvement and unilateral metastasis to the cervical lymph node...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Nevim Aygun
Neuroblastoma derived from primitive cells of the sympathetic nervous system typically develops in the adrenal medulla or paraspinal ganglia. Neuroblastoma usually occurs sporadically, but familial cases are also observed. ALK and PHOX2B germline mutations can cause hereditary neuroblastoma, while a common genetic variation in chromosome 6p22 is associated to sporadic neuroblastoma. However, the aetiology of sporadic neuroblastoma is not exactly known. This embryonic malignancy generally represents the second most common solid tumour after central nervous system tumours throughout the world in childhood...
January 28, 2018: Current Pediatric Reviews
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"