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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429102/improved-systemic-treatment-for-early-breast-cancer-improves-cure-rates-modifies-metastatic-pattern-and-shortens-post-metastatic-survival-35-year-results-from-the-munich-cancer-registry
#1
Dieter Hölzel, Renate Eckel, Ingo Bauerfeind, Bernd Baier, Thomas Beck, Michael Braun, Johannes Ettl, Ulrich Hamann, Marion Kiechle, Sven Mahner, Christian Schindlbeck, Johann de Waal, Nadia Harbeck, Jutta Engel
PURPOSE: Systemic therapies (ATHs) in early breast cancer have improved the survival of breast cancer (BC) patients in recent decades. The magnitude of the changes in overall, metastasis-free (MFS) and post-metastatic (PMS) survival and in the metastasis (MET) pattern will be described. PATIENT AND METHODS: We analysed 60,227 patients with a diagnosis of T-N-M0 BC between 1978 and 2013 and 11,983 patients with metastases (MET) in the Munich Cancer Registry. Patients will be divided into four time periods to identify relationships between BC and METs...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410147/the-roles-of-microglia-macrophages-in-tumor-progression-of-brain-cancer-and-metastatic-disease
#2
Shih-Ying Wu, Kounosuke Watabe
Malignant brain tumors and brain metastases are highly aggressive diseases that are often resistant to treatment. Consequently, the current prognosis of patients with brain tumors and metastases is dismal. Activated microglia and macrophages are often observed in close proximity to or within the malignant tumor masses, suggesting that microglia/macrophages play an important role in brain tumor progression. Microglia, being resident macrophages of the central nervous system, form a major component of the brain immune system...
June 1, 2017: Frontiers in Bioscience (Landmark Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408487/tspan2-a-tetraspanin-protein-involved-in-oligodendrogenesis-and-cancer-metastasis
#3
REVIEW
Ibrahim H Yaseen, Peter N Monk, Lynda J Partridge
Tetraspanin 2 (Tspan2) is one of the less well-characterised members of the tetraspanin superfamily, and its precise function in different human tissue types remains to be explored. Initial studies have highlighted its possible association in neuroinflammation and carcinogenesis. In the central nervous system, Tspan2 may contribute to the early stages of the oligodendrocyte differentiation into myelin-forming glia. Furthermore, in human lung cancer, Tspan2 could be involved in the progression of the tumour metastasis by modulating cancer cell motility and invasion functions...
April 15, 2017: Biochemical Society Transactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399903/overexpression-of-syndecan-1-muc-1-and-putative-stem-cell-markers-in-breast-cancer-leptomeningeal-metastasis-a-cerebrospinal-fluid-flow-cytometry-study
#4
Iole Cordone, Serena Masi, Valentina Summa, Mariantonia Carosi, Antonello Vidiri, Alessandra Fabi, Alessia Pasquale, Laura Conti, Immacolata Rosito, Carmine Maria Carapella, Veronica Villani, Andrea Pace
BACKGROUND: Cancer is a mosaic of tumor cell subpopulations, where only a minority is responsible for disease recurrence and cancer invasiveness. We focused on one of the most aggressive circulating tumor cells (CTCs) which, from the primitive tumor, spreads to the central nervous system (CNS), evaluating the expression of prognostic and putative cancer stem cell markers in breast cancer (BC) leptomeningeal metastasis (LM). METHODS: Flow cytometry immunophenotypic analysis of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples (4...
April 11, 2017: Breast Cancer Research: BCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398662/rhesus-ce-expression-on-patient-red-blood-cells-is-an-independent-prognostic-factor-for-adenocarcinoma-of-the-lung
#5
A B Schulze, L H Schmidt, L Baie, B Heitkötter, A Kümmel, M Mohr, R Buhl, H Hillmann, G Geißler, R Kelsch, D Görlich, W E Berdel, W Hartmann, R Wiewrodt
OBJECTIVES: The influence of blood group antigens on cancerogenesis is shown for distinct tumor types, yet the impact of Rhesus blood group antigens in lung cancer is not clarified. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To investigate the impact of Rhesus blood groups a non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) collective (n=1,047) was analyzed retrospectively. Using a second cohort of n=340 primarily operated stage I-III NSCLC patients, we evaluated immunohistochemistry of CD47-antibody stained tissue samples in correlation to histopathologic subtype and Rhesus blood group...
April 11, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391420/a-neuro-oncologist-s-perspective-on-management-of-brain-metastases-in-patients-with-egfr-mutant-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#6
REVIEW
Tresa McGranahan, Seema Nagpal
Management of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with brain metastasis (BrM) has been revolutionized by identification of molecular subsets that have targetable oncogenes. Historically, survival for NSCLC with symptomatic BrM was weeks to months. Now, many patients are surviving years with limited data to guide treatment decisions. Tumors with activating mutations in epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFRact+) have a higher incidence of BrM, but a longer overall survival. The high response rate of both systemic and BrM EGFRact+ NSCLC to tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) has led to the rapid incorporation of new therapies but is outpacing evidence-based decisions for BrM in NSCLC...
April 2017: Current Treatment Options in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376735/central-nervous-system-progression-in-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients-with-egfr-mutations-in-response-to-first-line-treatment-with-two-egfr-tkis-gefitinib-and-erlotinib-a-comparative-study
#7
Meng-Xia Li, Hao He, Zhi-Hua Ruan, Yu-Xi Zhu, Rong-Qing Li, Xiao He, Bao-Hua Lan, Zhi-Min Zhang, Guo-Dong Liu, Hua-Liang Xiao, Yan Wu, Bo Zhu, Ge Wang, Zhen-Zhou Yang
BACKGROUND: Central nervous system (CNS) brain metastasis of advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients confers a worse quality of life and prognosis. The efficacy comparison of two first-generation epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitors erlotinib or gefitinib as first-line treatment for CNS metastasis NSCLC patients with EGFR-sensitizing mutations is yet to be elucidated. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was done on cerebral metastasis rate after erlotinib or gefitinib as first-line treatment for advanced NSCLC patients with EGFR-sensitizing mutations...
April 4, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347321/the-150-most-important-questions-in-cancer-research-and-clinical-oncology-series-questions-6-14-edited-by-chinese-journal-of-cancer
#8
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
To accelerate our endeavors to overcome cancer, Chinese Journal of Cancer has launched a program of publishing 150 most important questions in cancer research and clinical oncology. In this article, nine more questions are presented as followed. Question 6. Why do nasopharyngeal carcinomas rarely metastasize to the brain? Question 7. Can distant spread of cancer cells be blocked by inhibiting the remodeling of high endothelial venules in the sentinel lymph node? Question 8. What sort of live-imaging techniques can be developed to directly observe the dynamic processes of metastasis? Question 9...
March 27, 2017: Chinese Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343918/primary-lung-metastasis-of-glioblastoma-multiforme-with-epidural-spinal-metastasis-case-report
#9
Haydn A Hoffman, Charles H Li, Richard G Everson, Jennifer L Strunck, William H Yong, Daniel C Lu
Extracranial metastasis of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is rare, but has recently been reported with increasing frequency. GBM metastases typically present after a biopsy or resection of the primary tumor. An otherwise healthy 54year-old woman presented with recurring pleural effusions originally believed to be from a primary lung malignancy. The patient subsequently experienced a generalized tonic clonic seizure and a right temporal brain mass was discovered. The patient later developed weakness and radiculopathy, and an extramedullary extradural mass spreading from C7 to T6 was discovered...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326824/osteopontin-its-potential-role-in-cancer-of-children-and-young-adults
#10
Gabrielle Karpinsky, Aleksandra Fatyga, Malgorzata Anna Krawczyk, Madeleine Chamera, Natalia Sande, Dagmara Szmyd, Ewa Izycka-Swieszewska, Ewa Bien
OBJECTIVE: Osteopontin (OPN) is aglyco-phosphoprotein, involved in tissue remodeling, inflammation and boneresorption. In various adult neoplasms OPN was shown to correlate with cancer progression, invasiveness and metastasis. AIM: to define the role of OPN in malignancies of children and young adults. MATERIAL AND METHODS: a structured PubMed and Google Scholar literature analysis based on reports published in English between I'1995 and XII'2015...
March 14, 2017: Biomarkers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316070/the-involvement-of-thrombin-in-the-pathogenesis-of-glioblastoma
#11
REVIEW
Harald Krenzlin, Viola Lorenz, Beat Alessandri
Prothrombin and its active derivative thrombin are key members of the coagulation system. The only site of extra-hepatic thrombin expression is the central nervous system (CNS), where it is involved in brain development, protection, and regeneration. Thrombin affects various degenerative and ischemic CNS diseases like Alzheimer's, multiple sclerosis, cerebral ischemia, and hemorrhage in a dose dependent manner. Additionally, the association of thrombin with various malignancies has recently become evident. Thrombin facilitates the interaction between tumor cells with platelets, endothelial cells, and the adhesion to matrix proteins in various tumor types...
March 19, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279895/systematic-analysis-of-early-phase-clinical-studies-for-patients-with-breast-cancer-inclusion-of-patients-with-brain-metastasis
#12
REVIEW
R Costa, N Gill, A W Rademaker, B A Carneiro, Y K Chae, P Kumthekar, W J Gradishar, R Kurzrock, F J Giles
PURPOSE: This systematic review aims to better define the limitations and patterns with which patients with MBC and CNS metastasis are enrolled into early phase developmental therapeutics trials. METHODS: In June 2016, PubMed search was conducted using the following keywords: "Breast cancer". Drug-development phase 1, phase 2 or phase 1/2 trials for patients with MBC were included. Multiple-histology trials and trials without an efficacy endpoint were excluded. RESULTS: In total, 1474 studies were included; Inclusion criteria for 423 (29%) allowed for CNS metastasis, 770 (52%) either excluded or did not document eligibility of patients with CNS disease...
February 22, 2017: Cancer Treatment Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272249/preoperative-ultrasound-guided-carbon-nanoparticles-localization-for-metastatic-lymph-nodes-in-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-during-reoperation-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#13
Wan-Jun Zhao, Han Luo, Yi-Mei Zhou, Ze-Hui Gou, Bin Wang, Jing-Qiang Zhu
Due to the damaged anatomical structure and a large amount of fibrous and scar tissues in the surgical field, reoperation of papillary thyroid carcinoma is difficult. This study introduces a new method of locating metastatic lymph nodes during reoperation and evaluates the effectiveness and safety of the preoperative ultrasound-guided carbon nanoparticles (CNs) localization. This retrospective cohort study enrolled 52 patients who were diagnosed with lymph node metastasis by histopathology and underwent reoperation from October 2015 to February 2016...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263211/extraneural-metastases-from-desmoplastic-medulloblastoma-masquerading-as-lymphoma
#14
Abhishek Mahajan, Peter Paul, Epari Sridhar, Venkatesh Rangarajan, Tejpal Gupta, Girish Chinnaswamy, Aliasgar Moiyadi, Rakesh Jalali
Medulloblastoma is a WHO grade IV neoplasm that is usually restricted to the central nervous system, with metastasis occurring along the neuraxis through the ventricular system and cerebrospinal fluid. Extraneural metastasis is rare, usually occurs in bones/lymph nodes, and carries poor prognosis. We report multimodal imaging in a 14-year-old boy with desmoplastic medulloblastoma having multiple extraneural nodal and skeletal metastases, which was misdiagnosed as lymphoma. This case highlights the importance of understanding tumor biology with active clinical and radiological surveillance that is useful in early detection of extraneural metastasis of this aggressive tumor that helps in advocating appropriate and timely treatment...
May 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260452/unusual-indications-for-a-liver-transplant-a-single-center-experience
#15
Aydincan Akdur, Mahir Kirnap, Ebru H Ayvazoglu Soy, Figen Ozcay, Gokhan Moray, Gulnaz Arslan, Mehmet Haberal
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to evaluate the efficacy of liver transplant for unusual liver diseases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The results of 476 patients who underwent liver transplant from 1988 to January 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Two hundred forty-five of them were adult patients and 231 of them were pediatric. Thirty-one patients had unusual liver disease. RESULTS: Of the 31 patients with unusual liver disease, 9 (29%) were adult and 22 (71%) were pediatric patients...
February 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260363/-clinical-features-treatment-and-prognosis-of-retinoblastoma-in-distant-metastasis-stage
#16
H M Hu, W L Zhang, Y Z Wang, J T Shi, B Li, Y Zhang, J Li, Y Wen, D S Huang
Objective: To summarize the clinical features, treatment and prognosis of retinoblastoma (RB) patients in distant metastasis stage. Methods: Retrospective case series study. Clinical data of 24 cases (30 eyes) with diagnosis of distant metastasis stage RB were collected in pediatrics department of Beijing Tongren Hospital affiliated with Capital Medical University, from September 2005 to December 2013. In these cases, including 11 male cases and 13 female cases, the treatment age ranged from 7 months to 9 years with the median of 26 months...
February 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245967/pulsatile-erlotinib-in-egfr-positive-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients-with-leptomeningeal-and-brain-metastases-review%C3%A2-of%C3%A2-the-literature
#17
REVIEW
Joan How, Janelle Mann, Andrew N Laczniak, Maria Q Baggstrom
Patients with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-positive (EGFR(+)) non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) show improved response rates when treated with tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) such as erlotinib. However, standard daily dosing of erlotinib often does not reach therapeutic concentrations within the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), resulting in progression of central nervous system (CNS) disease. Intermittent, high-dose administration of erlotinib reaches therapeutic concentrations within the CSF and is well tolerated in patients...
February 9, 2017: Clinical Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240667/fdg-pet-ct-findings-of-an-isolated-abdominal-wall-metastasis-of-endometrial-carcinoma-4-years-after-primary-surgery
#18
Guohua Shen, Huan Ma, Ying Wan, Minggang Su, Anren Kuang
The cancer relapses of endometrial carcinoma are most frequently localized in the vaginal cuff, pelvic and para-aortic lymph nodes, peritoneum, and lungs, whereas the abdominal wall, intra-abdominal organs, and central nervous system are unusual sites. We present F-FDG PET/CT appearance of a pathologically proven abdominal wall metastasis in a 51-year-old woman with a diagnosis of endometrial adenocarcinoma 4 years ago.
February 24, 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237610/visceral-and-bone-metastases-of-a-who-grade-2-meningioma-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
A Paix, W Waissi, D Antoni, R Adeduntan, G Noël
Meningiomas represent the most common tumours of the central nervous system in adults. Risk factors include ionizing radiation, female hormones exposure, head trauma, cell phone use, breast cancer and family history of meningioma. Despite complete surgical resection, natural history of meningiomas often includes local recurrence but very few metastatic meningiomas have been reported. Here, we report the case of a metastatic meningioma. A 43-year-old woman was firstly treated for a symptomatic parietal meningioma WHO grade II by surgical resection followed by an irradiation of the surgical bed...
February 22, 2017: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225456/efficacy-of-bevacizumab-and-erlotinib-combination-for-leptomeningeal-carcinomatosis-after-failure-of-erlotinib
#20
Ryo Ariyasu, Atsushi Horiike, Junji Koyama, Masafumi Saiki, Tomoaki Sonoda, Yosuke Kawashima, Natsuki Takano, Tomoyo Oguri, Shingo Nishikawa, Satoru Kitazono, Noriko Yanagitani, Fumiyoshi Ohyanagi, Makoto Nishio
In patients with non-small-cell lung cancer harboring an epithelial growth factor receptor (EGFR) active mutation, central nervous system progression after a response to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors is frequent. Central nervous system metastasis, especially leptomeningeal carcinomatosis (LMC), is a serious complication and no standard treatment has been established for LMC. Here, we report two cases in which the addition of bevacizumab to erlotinib enhanced the efficacy against LMC; as a result, radiographic abnormalities decreased markedly and symptoms were well controlled...
June 2017: Anti-cancer Drugs
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