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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070756/deviant-peer-affiliation-as-an-explanatory-mechanism-in-the-association-between-corporal-punishment-and-physical-aggression-a-longitudinal-study-among-chinese-adolescents
#1
Jianjun Zhu, Chengfu Yu, Zhenzhou Bao, Yanping Jiang, Wei Zhang, Yuanyuan Chen, Boyu Qiu, Jianjun Zhang
Previous research has focused primarily on corporal punishment as a cause and adolescents' physical aggression as an outcome. However, there is a large gap in knowledge of the potentially bidirectional association and explanatory mechanism underlying the association between corporal punishment and physical aggression. The current study, using a longitudinal design across three time points (the fall semester of 7th grade, the fall of 8th grade, and the fall of 9th grade), aimed to a) examine the reciprocal processes between corporal punishment and physical aggression, and b) explore whether deviant peer affiliation may explain such reciprocal connections...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064515/school-corporal-punishment-in-global-perspective-prevalence-outcomes-and-efforts-at-intervention
#2
Elizabeth T Gershoff
School corporal punishment continues to be a legal means of disciplining children in a third of the world's countries. Although much is known about parents' use of corporal punishment, there is less research about school corporal punishment. This article summarizes what is known about the legality and prevalence of school corporal punishment, about the outcomes linked to it, and about interventions to reduce and eliminate school corporal punishment around the world.
January 9, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051056/unusual-presentations-of-child-abuse-a-report-of-two-cases-and-the-role-of-imaging
#3
Olubukola Titilayo Abeni Omidiji, Omolola Mojisola Atalabi, Ogbeide Ejeordamen Evbuomwan, Francis Ikechukwu Okwuegbuna, Olugbenga Oluseyi
Insufficient attention has been paid to child abuse in Nigeria, where corporal punishment is still acceptable both at home and in the wider public including schools. This is notlimited to the parents; these punitive measures can also be undertaken by the extended family, caregivers, and neighbors. Mild to extreme force is allowed particularly when the crime involves tarnishing the family image. We hereby report two cases of extreme discipline that can be termed as a form of child abuse to draw the attention of clinicians and radiologists to other possible findings aside from those already reported in literature...
October 2016: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940675/socioeconomic-gaps-in-parents-discipline-strategies-from-1988-to-2011
#4
Rebecca M Ryan, Ariel Kalil, Kathleen M Ziol-Guest, Christina Padilla
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The prevalence of corporal punishment is high in the United States despite a 1998 American Academy of Pediatrics policy statement urging against its use. The current study tests whether the socioeconomic difference in its use by parents has changed over the past quarter century. It goes on to test whether socioeconomic differences in the use of nonphysical discipline have also changed over time. METHODS: Data are drawn from 4 national studies conducted between 1988 and 2011...
December 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904984/parenting-behaviors-parent-heart-rate-variability-and-their-associations-with-adolescent-heart-rate-variability
#5
Rebecca A Graham, Brandon G Scott, Carl F Weems
Adolescence is a potentially important time in the development of emotion regulation and parenting behaviors may play a role. We examined associations among parenting behaviors, parent resting heart rate variability, adolescent resting heart rate variability and parenting behaviors as moderators of the association between parent and adolescent resting heart rate variability. Ninety-seven youth (11-17 years; 49.5 % female; 34 % African American, 37.1 % Euro-American, 22.6 % other/mixed ethnic background, and 7...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878826/a-multifaceted-risk-analysis-of-fathers-self-reported-physical-violence-toward-their-children
#6
Noora Ellonen, Kirsi Peltonen, Tarja Pösö, Staffan Janson
Existing research has shown that child maltreatment is carried out by both mothers and fathers. There is also an extensive body of literature analyzing reasons for mothers' violent behavior. Among fathers, reasons are less well studied, resulting in the lack of a comprehensive picture of paternal child abuse. In this study, 20 child-, parent-, and family-related factors have been included in a combined analysis to assess which of these may pose a risk for fathers' severe violent behavior toward their children...
November 23, 2016: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819440/self-reported-parenting-style-is-associated-with-children-s-inflammation-and-immune-activation
#7
Michelle L Byrne, Paul B Badcock, Julian G Simmons, Sarah Whittle, Adam Pettitt, Craig A Olsson, Lisa K Mundy, George C Patton, Nicholas B Allen
Family environments and parenting have been associated with inflammation and immune activation in children and adolescents; however, it remains unclear which specific aspects of parenting drive this association. In this study, we cross-sectionally examined the association between 5 discrete parenting styles and inflammation and immune activation in late childhood. Data were drawn from 102 families (55 with female children, mean age 9.50 years, SD = 0.34) participating in the Imaging Brain Development in the Childhood to Adolescence Transition Study...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819190/parental-corporal-punishment-in-relation-to-children-s-executive-function-and-externalizing-behavior-problems-in-china
#8
Xiaopei Xing, Meifang Wang, Zhengyan Wang
The current study examined the relationship among paternal and maternal corporal punishment (CP), children's executive function (EF), and children's externalizing behavior problems. In total, 328 Chinese preschool-aged children and their parents and teachers participated. Paternal and maternal CP was assessed by father-reports and by mother-reports, respectively. Children's EF was assessed by the Executive Function Touch program. Children's externalizing behavior problems were assessed by mother-reports and by teacher-reports...
November 21, 2016: Social Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783128/psychosocial-factors-associated-with-mother-child-violence-a-household-survey
#9
Carla Ferreira de Paula Gebara, Cleusa Pinheiro Ferri, Fernanda Monteiro de Castro Bhona, Marcel de Toledo Vieira, Lelio Moura Lourenço, Ana Regina Noto
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to investigate the psychosocial factors associated with violence by women against their children, using a household survey. METHODS: Households in two neighborhoods in Juiz de Fora, Brazil, with different socioeconomic profiles, were selected through probability sampling and surveyed. A total of 446 women with children up to 18 years of age were interviewed. A sociodemographic questionnaire, the CTSPC (Parent-Child Conflict Tactics Scales), the CES-D (Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale) and the AUDIT (Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test) were applied...
October 25, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761057/behavior-problems-among-adolescents-exposed-to-family-and-community-violence-in-chile
#10
Julie Ma, Andrew Grogan-Kaylor, Jorge Delva
Research that simultaneously examines the relationship of multiple types of family and community violence with youth outcomes is limited in the previous research literature, particularly in Latin America. This study examined the relationship of youth exposure to family and community violence-parental use of corporal punishment, violence in the community, intimate partner physical aggression-with eight subscales of the Youth Self Report among a Chilean sample of 593 youth-mother pairs. Results from multilevel models indicated a positive association between youth exposure to violence in the family and community, and a wide range of behavior problem outcomes, in particular, aggression...
July 2016: Family Relations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743516/child-maltreatment-in-turkey-comparison-of-parent-and-child-reports
#11
Zeynep Sofuoğlu, Görkem Sarıyer, M Gökalp Ataman
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Child maltreatment, i.e. abuse and neglect, is a significant problem worldwide and can cause impaired physical and mental health throughout life. The true extent still remains unknown in all countries, including Turkey. The aim of this study was to apply the two versions of the International Society for the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect (ISPCAN) Child Abuse Screening Tool of ICAST-C and ICAST-P, which are used to assess child and parent feedback and to compare reports given by children and those given by parents...
September 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690216/victimization-and-psychopathic-features-in-a-population-based-sample-of-finnish-adolescents
#12
Suvi Saukkonen, Eeva T Aronen, Taina Laajasalo, Venla Salmi, Janne Kivivuori, Markus Jokela
We examined different forms of victimization experiences in relation to psychopathic features and whether these associations differed in boys and girls among 4855 Finnish school adolescents aged 15-16 years. Psychopathic features were measured with the Antisocial Process Screening Device- Self Report (APSD-SR). Victimization was assessed with questions about violent and abusive experiences across lifetime and within the last 12 months. Results from linear regression analysis showed that victimization was significantly associated with higher APSD-SR total scores, more strongly in girls than boys...
October 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681640/the-family-health-functioning-social-support-and-child-maltreatment-risk-of-families-expecting-a-baby
#13
Sari Lepistö, Noora Ellonen, Mika Helminen, Eija Paavilainen
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe the family health, functioning, social support and child maltreatment risk and associations between them in families expecting a baby. BACKGROUND: Finland was one of the first countries in banning corporal punishment against children over 30 years ago. Despite of this, studies have shown that parents physically abuse their children. In addition, professionals struggle in intervention of this phenomenon. Abusive parents should be recognized and helped before actual violent behaviour...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647945/parental-aggression-as-a-predictor-of-boys-hostile-attribution-across-the-transition-to-middle-school
#14
Anna Yaros, John E Lochman, Karen C Wells
Aggression among youth is public health problem that is often studied in the context of how youth interpret social information. Social cognitive factors, especially hostile attribution biases, have been identified as risk factors for the development of youth aggression, particularly across the transition to middle school. Parental behaviors, including parental aggression to children in the form of corporal punishment and other aggressive behavior, have also been linked to aggressive behavior in children at these ages...
September 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27588569/sociopolitical-contexts-for-addiction-recovery-anexos-in-u-s-latino-communities
#15
Anna Pagano, Victor García, Carlos Recarte, Juliet P Lee
BACKGROUND: Anexos are community-based recovery houses that were created in Mexico to serve people struggling with addiction to alcohol and other drugs. Brought to the U.S. by Mexican migrants, anexos provide residential care to primarily male Latino migrants and immigrants who are unable or unwilling to access formal treatment. While some Mexican anexos have come under fire for coercion, confrontational treatment methods, and corporal punishment, little is known about treatment practices in U...
November 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27501220/direct-and-indirect-effects-of-parenting-practices-on-socio-moral-approval-of-aggression-in-polish-young-adults-do-all-practices-matter
#16
Monika Dominiak-Kochanek, Karolina Konopka, Marta Rutkowska, Adam Frączek, J Martin Ramirez
The purpose of this article was to determine the socialisation antecedents of socio-moral approval of aggression (SMAA). In Study 1, we assessed factorial structure and reliability of the SMAA with a sample of 355 students who reported on the extent to which they approved of six forms of aggressive behaviour and six justifications of aggression. Two-factor solutions were obtained with regard to forms and justifications of aggressive acts. Thus, approval of extreme and minor aggression was distinguished as well as legitimate and illegitimate justifications of aggression...
August 8, 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27480011/the-psychohistory-of-child-maltreatment-among-antebellum-slaveholders
#17
Kenneth Alan Adams
Examining the inner workings of the slaveholder family, including slave caretakers, this article probes the psychodynamics of slaveholder development to assess the extent of child abuse in the Old South. Childcare was haphazard and premised on paternal absence, maternal ambivalence, and the exigencies of slave surrogacy. Corporal punishment, sanctified by southern religion, was the rule. The likelihood of slave negligence and retaliatory attacks against slaveholder children are addressed. Childrearing practices such as swaddling, aunt adoption, and maternal incest are considered, as well as the possible usage of a West African cleansing ritual...
2016: Journal of Psychohistory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27469458/treatment-effects-of-a-primary-care-intervention-on-parenting-behaviors-sometimes-it-s-relative
#18
Anne Shaffer, Oliver Lindhiem, David Kolko
The goal of this brief report is to demonstrate the utility of quantifying parental discipline practices as relative frequencies in measuring changes in parenting behavior and relations to child behavior following intervention. We explored comparisons across methodological approaches of assessing parenting behavior via absolute and relative frequencies in measuring improvements in parent-reported disciplinary practices (increases in positive parenting practices in response to child behavior; decreases in inconsistent discipline and use of corporal punishment) and child behavior problems...
July 29, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27353449/child-adult-relationship-enhancement-in-primary-care-pricare-a-randomized-trial-of-a-parent-training-for-child-behavior-problems
#19
Samantha Schilling, Benjamin French, Steven J Berkowitz, Susan L Dougherty, Philip V Scribano, Joanne N Wood
OBJECTIVE: Child-Adult Relationship Enhancement in Primary Care (PriCARE) is a 6-session group parent training designed to teach positive parenting skills. Our objective was to measure PriCARE's impact on child behavior and parenting attitudes. METHODS: Parents of children 2 to 6 years old with behavior concerns were randomized to PriCARE (n = 80) or control (n = 40). Child behavior and parenting attitudes were measured at baseline (0 weeks), program completion (9 weeks), and 7 weeks after program completion (16 weeks) using the Eyberg Child Behavior Inventory (ECBI) and the Adult Adolescent Parenting Inventory 2 (AAPI2)...
June 25, 2016: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27348832/the-role-of-physicians-in-state-sponsored-corporal-punishment
#20
Ruaim Muaygil
The question of whether there is justification for physicians to participate in state-sanctioned corporal punishment has prompted long and heated debates around the world. Several recent and high-profile sentences requiring physician assistance have brought the conversation to Saudi Arabia. Whether a physician is asked to participate actively or to assess prisoners' ability to withstand this form of punishment, can there be an ethical justification for medical training and skills being put toward these purposes? The aim of this article is to examine aspects of Islamic law along with the different professional and religious obligations of Saudi Arabian physicians, and how these elements may inform the debate...
July 2016: Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics: CQ: the International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees
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