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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763275/general-parenting-strategies-practical-suggestions-for-common-child-behavior-issues
#1
Michael G Kavan, Shailendra K Saxena, Naureen Rafiq
Parents often seek guidance from physicians on child behavior problems. Questions may range from general parenting strategies to managing specific child behaviors. Physicians and their staff can identify problematic parent-child interactions or behaviors within the office setting and assist parents by providing effective monitoring tools for behavior problems. Effective strategies for influencing a child's behavior include positive reinforcement to increase appropriate behavior, extinction (planned ignoring) for most low-level problematic behaviors, and time-out from reinforcement for more problematic behaviors...
May 15, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658766/-why-do-victims-become-perpetrators-intergenerational-transmission-of-parental-violence-in-a-representative-german-sample
#2
Deborah F Hellmann, Anja Stiller, Christoffer Glaubitz, Sören Kliem
Child maltreatment can severely impair children's emotional and physical well-being as well as their individual development across the life span. In 2011, the Criminological Research Institute of Lower Saxony (Germany), conducted a nationally representative victim survey on diverse forms of victimizations (N = 11,428). Among other things, experienced and exerted parental violence as well as participants' knowledge regarding the abolition of the parental right of corporal punishment were assessed. Apart from providing current estimates of the prevalence of experienced and exerted parental violence in Germany, we identified specific risk markers for the intergenerational transmission of parental violence...
March 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610544/predictors-of-parental-use-of-corporal-punishment-in-ukraine
#3
Andrew Grogan-Kaylor, Viktor Burlaka, Julie Ma, Shawna Lee, Berenice Castillo, Iuliia Churakova
Despite a great deal of evidence that corporal punishment is harmful, corporal punishment is still very prevalent worldwide. We examine predictors of different types of corporal punishment among Ukrainian mothers in 12 communities across Ukraine. Findings suggest that maternal spirituality, maternal coping styles, family communication, and some demographic characteristics are predictive of mothers' use of corporal punishment.
May 2018: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564157/parenting-for-lifelong-health-a-pragmatic-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-non-commercialised-parenting-programme-for-adolescents-and-their-families-in-south-africa
#4
Lucie D Cluver, Franziska Meinck, Janina I Steinert, Yulia Shenderovich, Jenny Doubt, Rocio Herrero Romero, Carl J Lombard, Alice Redfern, Catherine L Ward, Sibongile Tsoanyane, Divane Nzima, Nkosiyapha Sibanda, Camille Wittesaele, Sachin De Stone, Mark E Boyes, Ricardo Catanho, Jamie McLaren Lachman, Nasteha Salah, Mzuvukile Nocuza, Frances Gardner
Objective: To assess the impact of 'Parenting for Lifelong Health: Sinovuyo Teen', a parenting programme for adolescents in low-income and middle-income countries, on abuse and parenting practices. Design: Pragmatic cluster randomised controlled trial. Setting: 40 villages/urban sites (clusters) in the Eastern Cape province, South Africa. Participants: 552 families reporting conflict with their adolescents (aged 10-18)...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557187/parental-self-assessment-of-behavioral-effectiveness-in-young-children-and-views-on-corporal-punishment-in-an-academic-pediatric-practice
#5
Lance B Irons, Heidi Flatin, Maya T Harrington, Turaj Vazifedan, John W Harrington
This article assesses parental confidence and current behavioral techniques used by mostly African American caregivers of young children in an urban Southeastern setting, including their use and attitudes toward corporal punishment (CP). Two hundred and fifty parental participants of children aged 18 months to 5 years completed a survey on factors affecting their behavioral management and views on CP. Statistical analysis included χ2 test and logistic regression with confidence interval significance determined at P <...
March 1, 2018: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544913/-violence-for-educational-purpose-representations-of-general-practitioners-in-the-paris-area-france-a-qualitative-study
#6
Claire de Brie, Emmanuelle Piet, Patrick Chariot
BACKGROUND: Violence for educational purpose refers to a modality of education that includes threats, verbal abuse, physical abuse and humiliations. Twenty European countries, not including France, have abolished corporal punishment through explicit laws and regulations. The position of general practitioners in the screening and care of violence for educational purpose in France is unknown. In this study, we aimed to assess the representations of this form of violence among general practitioners...
March 2018: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543487/early-cumulative-risk-predicts-externalizing-behavior-at-age-10-the-mediating-role-of-adverse-parenting
#7
Emily J Gach, Ka I Ip, Arnold J Sameroff, Sheryl L Olson
Multiple environmental risk factors in early childhood predict a broad range of adverse developmental outcomes. However, most prior longitudinal research has not illuminated explanatory mechanisms. Our main goals were to examine predictive associations between cumulative ecological risk factors in early childhood and children's later externalizing problems and to determine whether these associations were explained by variations in parenting quality. Participants were 241 children (118 girls) at risk for school-age conduct problems and their parents and teachers...
February 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478490/negative-consequences-of-corporal-punishment-of-children-are-unequivocal
#8
Sarah S Long
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438396/children-s-peer-violence-perpetration-and-victimization-prevalence-and-associated-factors-among-school-children-in-afghanistan
#9
Julienne Corboz, Osman Hemat, Wahid Siddiq, Rachel Jewkes
BACKGROUND: Child peer violence is a global problem and seriously impacts children's physical and psychological health, and their education outcomes. There are few research studies on children's peer violence available in South Asian countries, particularly in Afghanistan. This paper describes the prevalence of children's peer violence perpetration and victimization and associated factors among school children in Afghanistan. METHODS: A total of 770 children were recruited into a baseline study conducted as part of an intervention evaluation in 11 schools (seven girls' and four boys' schools)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427524/differentiating-corporal-punishment-from-physical-abuse-in-the-prediction-of-lifetime-aggression
#10
Alan R King, Abrianna Ratzak, Sage Ballantyne, Shane Knutson, Tiffany D Russell, Colton R Pogalz, Cody M Breen
Corporal punishment and parental physical abuse often co-occur during upbringing, making it difficult to differentiate their selective impacts on psychological functioning. Associations between corporal punishment and a number of lifetime aggression indicators were examined in this study after efforts to control the potential influence of various forms of co-occurring maltreatment (parental physical abuse, childhood sexual abuse, sibling abuse, peer bullying, and observed parental violence). College students (N = 1,136) provided retrospective self-reports regarding their history of aggression and levels of exposure to childhood corporal punishment and maltreatment experiences...
May 2018: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425365/social-work-and-prison-labor-a-restorative-model
#11
Shannon M Sliva, Ceema Samimi
The prison industry is one of the fastest-growing industries in the United States, fueled largely by prison privatization. UN guidelines and U.S. federal policy outline standards for prison workers, but evidence suggests that protections have been ignored or circumvented. The current prison labor system allows corporations to profit from punishment that is disproportionately allocated to people of color and the poor. This article provides a critical analysis of prison labor policies in the United States and proposes a position for social workers on the ethical and restorative use of inmate labor...
April 1, 2018: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407851/intergenerational-transmission-of-harsh-discipline-the-moderating-role-of-parenting-stress-and-parent-gender
#12
Hua Niu, Li Liu, Meifang Wang
The present study examined the intergenerational transmission of harsh discipline (psychological aggression and corporal punishment) and the moderating effects of parenting stress and parent gender in Chinese societies. Utilizing a sample of 634 Chinese father-mother dyads with preschoolers, findings revealed that both mothers' and fathers' harsh discipline were transmitted across generations and the strength of transmission varied by the severity of harsh discipline and the parent gender. For both mothers and fathers, high parenting stress intensified the intergenerational transmission of psychological aggression and corporal punishment, whereas low parenting stress weakened the transmission of psychological aggression and even disrupted the transmission of corporal punishment...
May 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368346/early-risk-pathways-to-physical-versus-relational-peer-aggression-the-interplay-of-externalizing-behavior-and-corporal-punishment-varies-by-child-sex
#13
Courtney A Zulauf, Alexander W Sokolovsky, Adam S Grabell, Sheryl L Olson
Children who aggress against their peers may use physical or relational forms, yet little research has looked at early childhood risk factors and characteristics that uniquely predict high levels of relational versus physical aggression in preadolescence. Accordingly, the main aim of our study was to link early corporal punishment and externalizing behavior to children's physical and relational peer aggression during preadolescence and to examine how these pathways differed by sex. Participants were 193, 3-year-old boys (39%) and girls who were reassessed following the transition to kindergarten (5...
March 2018: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343234/from-the-day-they-are-born-a-qualitative-study-exploring-violence-against-children-with-disabilities-in-west-africa
#14
Janet Njelesani, Goli Hashemi, Cathy Cameron, Deb Cameron, Danielle Richard, Penny Parnes
BACKGROUND: Despite the building evidence on violence against children globally, almost nothing is known about the violence children with disabilities in low and middle-income countries (LMICs) experience. The prevalence of violence against children with disabilities can be expected to be higher in LMICs where there are greater stigmas associated with having a child with a disability, less resources for families who have children with disabilities, and wider acceptance of the use of corporal punishment to discipline children...
January 17, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304402/maternal-negative-emotional-expression-and-discipline-in-beijing-china-the-moderating-role-of-educational-attainment
#15
Feng Cheng, Yifang Wang, Xixian Wu, Zhuqing Su
The current study shows that parental punitive discipline places children at risk of developing internalizing and externalizing problems. Although some studies have analyzed the reasons for the use of discipline methods, little to no research has analyzed the moderating effects. In this study, we examine the relationship between maternal negative emotional expression and mothers' use of disciplinary methods (psychological aggression, corporal punishment and physical maltreatment) and the moderating effects of educational attainment in Chinese societies...
March 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294980/cycle-of-violence-in-schools-longitudinal-reciprocal-relationship-between-student-s-aggression-and-teacher-s-use-of-corporal-punishment
#16
Boungho Choi
The purpose of this study is to examine the longitudinal reciprocal relationship between student's aggression and teacher's use of corporal punishment. An autoregressive cross-lagged model was analyzed with the data drawn from 4,051 Korean secondary students (male = 2,084, female = 1,967), in Gyeonggi Education Panel Study for three waves (seventh-ninth grades). Results revealed that student's aggression provoke teacher's use of corporal punishment and also teacher's use of corporal punishment provokes student's aggression...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294970/evaluation-of-parenting-interventions-to-prevent-violence-against-children-in-colombia-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Ane-Marthe Solheim Skar, Lorraine Sherr, Ana Macedo, Stephen von Tetzchner, Knut Inge Fostervold
The effects of the International Child Development Programme (ICDP) and the specific addition of a violence prevention module were observed in a preidentified population in Colombia where children are experiencing high levels of violence. Participants were 176 parents of 3- to 4-year-olds attending child centers who were randomly allocated to one of three conditions: organized Community Activities at child centers and ICDP (CA + ICDP), CA, ICDP, and a preventive Violence Curriculum (CA + ICDP + VC), or a comparison group with only CA...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294933/the-cycle-of-violence-examining-attitudes-toward-and-experiences-of-corporal-punishment-in-a-representative-german-sample
#18
Andreas Witt, Jörg M Fegert, Klaus P Rodens, Elmar Brähler, Claudia Lührs Da Silva, Paul L Plener
The use of corporal punishment (CP) is controversial despite the negative consequences of its use that have been documented. Consequences include the use of CP by those who experienced CP themselves, described in the theory of the cycle of violence. There are little data on the cycle of violence, especially on those who break it and in representative samples. This study examines the cycle of violence in a representative sample by analyzing experiences of and attitudes toward CP. Attitudes toward, and own experiences of, CP by their parents were assessed in a sample of 2,519 individuals (female 54...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294739/corporal-punishment-and-child-aggression-ethnic-level-family-cohesion-as-a-moderator
#19
Yoona Lee, Malcolm W Watson
Ethnicity has been examined as a putative moderator between parents' use of corporal punishment and children's externalizing behaviors. Yet, the reasons for this potential ethnic-level moderator have not been fully examined. The primary objective of this study was to examine whether the effect of corporal punishment on aggression is ethnic-specific using major racial groups inside and outside the U.S. samples and how the mean levels of cohesion in family relationships as found in different ethnic groups moderate the association between mothers' use of corporal punishment and children's aggression...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294733/perception-of-physical-child-abuse-among-parents-and-professionals-in-a-french-emergency-department
#20
Marion Bailhache, Ahmadou Alioum, Louis-Rachid Salmi
France has not prohibited all forms of corporal punishment, and the point at which an act is regarded as physical abuse is not clearly determined. The aim of our study was to compare perception of a caregiver's violent behavior toward his child by professionals and parents in an emergency department and determine characteristics associated with that perception. A cross-sectional study was conducted from November 2013 to October 2014 in the emergency department of the pediatric university hospital in Bordeaux, France...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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