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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943685/disciplinary-practices-metaparenting-and-the-quality-of-parent-child-relationships-in-african-american-mexican-american-and-european-american-mothers
#1
George W Holden, Carol Kozak Hawk, Margaret M Smith, Jimmy Singh, Rose Ashraf
Coercive responses to children's behavior are well recognized to be problematic for children's adjustment. Less well understood is how parental social cognition is linked to discipline. In this study we sought to link metaparenting - parents' thoughts about their parenting - to the use of coercive discipline. We predicted that mothers who engaged in more metaparenting, thus reflecting more deliberate parenting, would use corporal punishment less frequently and instead engage in non-coercive discipline. We also expected that mothers who engaged in more metaparenting would report closer relationships with their children...
2017: International Journal of Behavioral Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871592/bangladeshi-school-age-children-s-experiences-and-perceptions-on-child-maltreatment-a-qualitative-interview-study
#2
M Atiqul Haque, S Janson, S Moniruzzaman, A K M F Rahman, S R Mashreky, U-B Eriksson
BACKGROUND: Child maltreatment (CM) is a public health problem and is recognized as a huge barrier for child development. Most of the research and definitions on CM are from the perspective of high-income western countries. Because no major studies have been conducted on CM in Bangladesh, the aim of the current study was to explore the experiences of and perceptions on CM in school-age children in rural and urban Bangladesh in order to understand maltreatment in a local context and from a child perspective...
September 4, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863394/physical-violence-against-children-with-hearing-loss-by-parents-a-pilot-study-in-beijing-china
#3
Yingying Jiang, Jingqi Chen, Buyi Yu, Yichen Jin
This study aims to examine the rate and risk factors for physical violence (PV) by parents against hearing loss children in Beijing, China. Cross-sectional study was carried out among 86 couples of parents of hearing loss children from two special education schools in Beijing. Parents' self-reporting questionnaires were used to collect information about parental PV behaviors during the past 12 months, definition of child abuse, attitudes towards the use of corporal punishment to discipline children, parents' childhood experience of PV victimization, and demographic characteristics...
August 29, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816484/implementation-and-evaluation-of-a-parenting-program-to-prevent-child-maltreatment-in-suriname
#4
Inger W van der Kooij, Shandra Bipat, Frits Boer, Ramón J L Lindauer, Tobi L G Graafsma
The prevention of child maltreatment has become a global health concern because child maltreatment is a violation of children's rights. Across the world, a variety of parenting programs have been developed to address this problem. However, no such parenting program currently exists in Suriname. This pilot study aimed to implement Lobi Mi Pikin (LMP) parenting program in Suriname and to evaluate its effects on corporal punishment (CP) and child behavioral problems. Parents-caregivers (N = 70) of children (ages 3-12 years) with externalizing behavioral problems participated in a protocoled parenting program...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758882/attitude-towards-gender-roles-and-violence-against-women-and-girls-vawg-baseline-findings-from-an-rct-of-1752-youths-in-pakistan
#5
Tazeen Saeed Ali, Rozina Karmaliani, Judith Mcfarlane, Hussain M A Khuwaja, Yasmeen Somani, Esnat D Chirwa, Rachel Jewkes
BACKGROUND: Violence against women is driven by gender norms that normalize and justify gender inequality and violence. Gender norms are substantially shaped during adolescence. Programs offered through schools offer an opportunity to influence gender attitudes toward gender equity if we understand these to be partly shaped by peers and the school environment. OBJECTIVE: We present an analysis of the baseline research conducted for a randomized controlled trial with 1752 grade 6 boys and girls and their attitudes toward gender roles, VAWG, and associated factors...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743493/dimensions-of-physical-punishment-and-their-associations-with-children-s-cognitive-performance-and-school-adjustment
#6
Sarah A Font, Jamie Cage
This study examined how a range of physical punishment measures, ranging from mild corporal punishment to physical abuse, are associated with cognitive performance, school engagement, and peer isolation over a 3- year span among 658 children initially observed between the ages of 8 and 14. Physical punishment was captured in three groups: mild corporal punishment, harsh corporal punishment, and physical abuse, and both caregiver- and child-reported punishment measures were considered. After accounting for socioeconomic and demographic characteristics, only Ninitial exposure to physical abuse was significantly associated with declines in cognitive performance...
July 22, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729751/severity-and-justness-do-not-moderate-the-relation-between-corporal-punishment-and-negative-child-outcomes-a-multicultural-and-longitudinal-study
#7
Liane Peña Alampay, Jennifer Godwin, Jennifer E Lansford, Anna Silvia Bombi, Marc H Bornstein, Lei Chang, Kirby Deater-Deckard, Laura Di Giunta, Kenneth A Dodge, Patrick S Malone, Paul Oburu, Concetta Pastorelli, Ann T Skinner, Emma Sorbring, Sombat Tapanya, Liliana M Uribe Tirado, Arnaldo Zelli, Suha Al-Hassan, Dario Bacchini
There is strong evidence of a positive association between corporal punishment and negative child outcomes, but previous studies have suggested that the manner in which parents implement corporal punishment moderates the effects of its use. This study investigated whether severity and justness in the use of corporal punishment moderate the associations between frequency of corporal punishment and child externalizing and internalizing behaviors. This question was examined using a multicultural sample from eight countries and two waves of data collected one year apart...
July 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696032/research-review-harnessing-the-power-of-individual-participant-data-in-a-meta-analysis-of-the-benefits-and-harms-of-the-incredible-years-parenting-program
#8
REVIEW
Patty Leijten, Frances Gardner, Sabine Landau, Victoria Harris, Joanna Mann, Judy Hutchings, Jennifer Beecham, Eva-Maria Bonin, Stephen Scott
BACKGROUND: Parenting programs aim to reduce children's conduct problems through improvement of family dynamics. To date, research on the precise benefits and possible harms of parenting programs on family well-being has been unsystematic and likely to be subject to selective outcome reporting and publication bias. Better understanding of program benefits and harms requires full disclosure by researchers of all included measures, and large enough numbers of participants to be able to detect small effects and estimate them precisely...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594198/the-reliability-paradox-of-the-parent-child-conflict-tactics-corporal-punishment-subscale
#9
Michael F Lorber, Amy M Smith Slep
In the present investigation we consider and explain an apparent paradox in the measurement of corporal punishment with the Parent-Child Conflict Tactics Scale (CTS-PC): How can it have poor internal consistency and still be reliable? The CTS-PC was administered to a community sample of 453 opposite sex couples who were parents of 3- to 7-year-old children. Internal consistency was marginal, yet item response theory analyses revealed that reliability rose sharply with increasing corporal punishment, exceeding ...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546402/influencing-the-unacceptable-doctors-and-judicial-corporal-punishment
#10
Mary Lowth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541235/rates-of-childhood-trauma-in-a-sample-of-university-students-in-greece-the-greek-version-of-the-early-trauma-inventory-self-report
#11
Z Antonopoulou, G Konstantakopoulos, M Τzinieri-Coccosis, C Sinodinou
The self-report Early Trauma Inventory (ETI-SR-SF) was developed by Bremner et al in 2007 and has been proven a valid tool for the assessment of childhood trauma. The inventory covers four types of traumatic experiences: general trauma, physical abuse, emotional abuse and sexual abuse. The primary aim of the present study was to assess the internal consistency, test-retest reliability, convergent validity and factor structure of the Greek version of the ETI-SR-SF. The study sample consisted of 605 individuals (402 women), undergraduate and postgraduate students of Athens universities with a mean age of 24...
January 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529440/parents-primary-professional-sources-of-parenting-advice-moderate-predictors-of-parental-attitudes-toward-corporal-punishment
#12
Catherine A Taylor, Sarah McKasson, Guenevere Hoy, William DeJong
Despite the risk it poses to children's mental and physical health, approval and use of corporal punishment (CP) remains high in the United States. Informed by the Theory of Planned Behavior, we examined potential predictors of attitudes supportive of CP while assessing the moderating effects of parents' (N=500) chosen primary professional source of advice regarding child discipline: pediatricians (47.8%), religious leaders (20.8%), mental health professionals (MHPs) (n=18.4%), or other identified professionals (13...
February 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506540/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-an-intervention-program-to-brazilian-mothers-who-use-corporal-punishment
#13
Paolla Magioni Santini, Lucia C A Williams
This study evaluated a positive parenting program to Brazilian mothers who used corporal punishment with their children. The intervention was conducted in four agencies serving vulnerable children, and at a home replica laboratory at the University. Mothers who admitted using corporal punishment were randomly assigned between experimental (n=20) and control group (n=20). The program consisted of 12 individual sessions using one unit from Projeto Parceria (Partnership Project), with specific guidelines and materials on positive parenting, followed by observational sessions of mother-child interaction with live coaching and a video feedback session in the lab...
May 12, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457581/attitudes-beliefs-and-perceived-norms-about-corporal-punishment-and-related-training-needs-among-members-of-the-american-professional-society-on-the-abuse-of-children
#14
Catherine A Taylor, Julia M Fleckman, Shawna J Lee
Hitting children for disciplinary purposes (i.e., spanking or corporal punishment [CP]) is a strong risk factor for child physical abuse and is highly prevalent in the U.S. Yet, little is currently known about the relevant attitudes, beliefs, or training needs of key professionals who often advise parents regarding child discipline strategies. A survey of the American Professional Society on the Abuse of Children (APSAC) membership, comprised of mental health professionals, physicians, child welfare professionals, and other professionals in the child maltreatment field, was conducted to assess attitudes, beliefs, perceived norms, training needs, and motivations to change norms regarding CP (N=571, response rate=51%)...
April 27, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448815/spanking-and-subsequent-behavioral-problems-in-toddlers-a-propensity-score-matched-prospective-study-in-japan
#15
Sakurako Okuzono, Takeo Fujiwara, Tsuguhiko Kato, Ichiro Kawachi
Harsh or frequent spanking in early childhood is an established risk factor for later childhood behavioral problems as well as mental disorder in adulthood in Western societies. However, few studies have been conducted in Asian populations, where corporal punishment is relatively accepted. Moreover, the impacts of occasional spanking on subsequent behavioral problems remain uncertain. This study sought to investigate prospectively the association between the frequency of spanking of toddlers and later behavioral problems in Japanese children using national birth cohort data...
April 24, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425727/longitudinal-associations-of-neighborhood-collective-efficacy-and-maternal-corporal-punishment-with-behavior-problems-in-early-childhood
#16
Julie Ma, Andrew Grogan-Kaylor
Neighborhood and parenting influences on early behavioral outcomes are strongly dependent upon a child's stage of development. However, little research has jointly considered the longitudinal associations of neighborhood and parenting processes with behavior problems in early childhood. To address this limitation, this study explores the associations of neighborhood collective efficacy and maternal corporal punishment with the longitudinal patterns of early externalizing and internalizing behavior problems...
June 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367043/child-abuse-and-the-eye-in-an-african-population
#17
Michaeline A Isawumi, Modupe Adebayo
PURPOSE: There is a paucity of data on child abuse and the eye in West Africa. Therefore, a need exists to determine the causes and circumstances surrounding these occurrences and their effects on the eye and vision in a pediatric population. METHODS: A 3-year study of consecutive cases of ocular features that presented to an eye clinic following a history suggestive of child abuse along with any associated eye injury was carried out. Socio-demographic characteristics were obtained, as were the presenting and posttreatment visual acuity, and a full clinical eye examination was also done...
April 2017: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338664/characteristics-of-non-vitreoretinal-ocular-injury-in-child-maltreatment-a-systematic-review
#18
T Betts, S Ahmed, S Maguire, P Watts
PurposeTo identify the spectrum of non-vitreoretinal ocular injury due to child maltreatment.MethodsAll language search of MEDLINE, PsychINFO, EMBASE, AMED, Web of Science, and CINAHL databases, 1950-2015, was conducted. INCLUSION CRITERIA: explicit confirmation of injury aetiology, age <18 years, examination conducted by an ophthalmologist. Exclusion: post-mortem data, organic diseases, review articles. Standardised critical appraisal and narrative synthesis was conducted of included publications by two independent reviewers...
August 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326056/child-negative-emotionality-and-parental-harsh-discipline-in-chinese-preschoolers-the-different-mediating-roles-of-maternal-and-paternal-anxiety
#19
Xiaopei Xing, Hongli Zhang, Shuhui Shao, Meifang Wang
Previous research has suggested that harsh discipline is still prevalent in modern Chinese families and it is necessary to explore the cause and the potential mechanisms of Chinese parental use of harsh discipline. This study examined the mediating effects of parental anxiety in the relations between child negative emotionality and parental harsh discipline in China. Using a sample of 328 Chinese father-mother dyads with their young children, findings revealed that maternal anxiety mediated the relations between child negative emotionality and maternal psychological aggression and corporal punishment, but the mediating effects of paternal anxiety on the relations between child negative emotionality and paternal harsh discipline was not significant...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314229/how-did-the-good-school-toolkit-reduce-the-risk-of-past-week-physical-violence-from-teachers-to-students-qualitative-findings-on-pathways-of-change-in-schools-in-luwero-uganda
#20
N Kyegombe, S Namakula, J Mulindwa, J Lwanyaaga, D Naker, S Namy, J Nakuti, J Parkes, L Knight, E Walakira, K M Devries
Violence against children is a serious violation of children's rights with significant impacts on current and future health and well-being. The Good School Toolkit (GST) is designed to prevent violence against children in primary schools through changing schools' operational cultures. Conducted in the Luwero District in Uganda between 2012 and 2014, findings from previous research indicate that the Toolkit reduced the odds of past week physical violence from school staff (OR = 0.40, 95%CI 0.26-0.64, p < 0...
May 2017: Social Science & Medicine
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