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Acute Kidney injuri

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244860/lithium-reduces-blood-glucose-levels-but-aggravates-albuminuria-in-btbr-ob-ob-mice
#1
Theun de Groot, Lars Damen, Leanne Kosse, Mohammad Alsady, Rosalinda Doty, Ruben Baumgarten, Susan Sheehan, Johan van der Vlag, Ron Korstanje, Peter M T Deen
Glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK3) plays an important role in the development of diabetes mellitus and renal injury. GSK3 inhibition increases glucose uptake in insulin-insensitive muscle and adipose tissue, while it reduces albuminuria and glomerulosclerosis in acute kidney injury. The effect of chronic GSK3 inhibition in diabetic nephropathy is not known. We tested the effect of lithium, the only clinical GSK3 inhibitor, on the development of diabetes mellitus and kidney injury in a mouse model of diabetic nephropathy...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243465/atypical-hemolytic-uremic-syndrome
#2
Kati Kaartinen, Leena Martola, Seppo Meri
Atypical hemolytic-uremic syndrome (aHUS) is a rare form of thrombotic microagiopathy caused dysregulation of the alternative pathway of the complement resulting in tissue. In aHUS, activation of the alternative pathway of the complement is in an aberrant way directed against endothelial cells and blood cells. This is either due to a mutation in a complement factor, most commonly factor H, or an autoantibody against a complement regulator. In some patients the underlying disorder is not identified despite thorough examinations...
2017: Duodecim; Lääketieteellinen Aikakauskirja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242970/contrast-associated-acute-kidney-injury-is-a-myth-we-are-not-sure
#3
EDITORIAL
Kianoush Kashani, Adeera Levin, Miet Schetz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 14, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242968/contrast-associated-acute-kidney-injury-is-a-myth-no
#4
EDITORIAL
Steven D Weisbord, Damien du Cheryon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 14, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242967/contrast-associated-acute-kidney-injury-is-a-myth-yes
#5
EDITORIAL
Stephan Ehrmann, Doron Aronson, Jeremiah S Hinson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 14, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242657/acute-kidney-injury-following-rhabdomyolysis-and-sepsis-after-non-poisonous-desert-monitor-bite
#6
Poonam Gupta, Pradeep Kumar Verma
The desert monitor, Varanus griseus, is a species of desert monitor lizard found in North-Western India. They are believed to be non-poisonous. We report a case of Indian desert monitor bite leading to acute renal failure following rhabdomyolysis and severe sepsis. Prompt diagnosis and treatment resulted in the favourable outcome. This is author's intent to highlight the complication that may occur after Indian desert monitor bite.
October 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241762/eltrombopag-for-advanced-myelodysplastic-syndromes-or-acute-myeloid-leukaemia-and-severe-thrombocytopenia-aspire-a-randomised-placebo-controlled-phase-2-trial
#7
Moshe Mittelman, Uwe Platzbecker, Boris Afanasyev, Sebastian Grosicki, Raymond S M Wong, Achilles Anagnostopoulos, Benjamin Brenner, Claudio Denzlinger, Giuseppe Rossi, Arnon Nagler, Regina Garcia-Delgado, Maria Socorro O Portella, Zewen Zhu, Dominik Selleslag
BACKGROUND: Thrombocytopenia is a life-threatening complication in patients with advanced myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) and acute myeloid leukaemia (AML). In this study (ASPIRE), we aimed to assess eltrombopag, an oral thrombopoietin receptor agonist, for thrombocytopenia (grade 4) treatment in adult patients with advanced MDS or AML. METHODS: ASPIRE consisted of an open-label, double-blind phase for 8 weeks and a randomised, double-blind phase (parts 1 and 2, reported here) for 12 weeks, and an open-label extension (part 3)...
December 11, 2017: Lancet Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241623/knockout-of-the-interleukin-36-receptor-protects-against-renal-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-by-reduction-of-proinflammatory-cytokines
#8
Hirofumi Nishikawa, Yoshinori Taniguchi, Tatsuki Matsumoto, Naoki Arima, Mamoru Masaki, Yoshiko Shimamura, Kosuke Inoue, Taro Horino, Shimpei Fujimoto, Kentaro Ohko, Toshihiro Komatsu, Keiko Udaka, Shigetoshi Sano, Yoshio Terada
IL-36, a newly named member of the IL-1 cytokine family, includes 3 isoforms, IL-36α, IL-36β, and IL-36γ, all of which bind to a heterodimer containing the IL-36 receptor (IL-36R). Little is known about the role of the IL-36 axis in acute kidney injury (AKI) pathogenesis. Therefore, we evaluated IL-36 function in the bilateral renal ischemia-reperfusion injury model of AKI using IL-36R knockout and wild-type mice. IL-36R was found to be expressed in the kidney, mainly in proximal tubules. In IL-36R knockout mice, plasma creatinine, blood urea nitrogen, and IL-6 levels after ischemia-reperfusion injury were significantly lower than those in wild-type mice...
December 11, 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241197/renoprotective-effects-of-metformin
#9
Marc E De Broe, Farshad Kajbaf, Jean-Daniel Lalau
BACKGROUND/AIMS: It has become clear that metformin exerts pleiotropic actions beyond its glucose-lowering agent effect. In this review, we summarise the state of the art concerning the potential renoprotective effects of metformin in vitro, animal models and clinical nephrology. METHODS: A literature search was performed in PUBMED, ScienceDirect, between January 1957 and March 2017 using the following keywords: "metformin," "nephroprotection," "renoprotection," "survival," "renal failure," "chronic kidney diseases," "fibrosis," "polycystic kidney disease" and "microalbuminuria...
December 14, 2017: Nephron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239143/role-of-plasmapheresis-in-the-management-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-patients-with-multiple-myeloma-should-we-abandon-it
#10
Vedran Premuzic, Josip Batinic, Pavle Roncevic, Nikolina Basic-Jukic, Damir Nemet, Bojan Jelakovic
The aim of the current study was to determine whether plasmapheresis in combination with chemotherapy could significantly remove free light chains (FLC) in multiple myeloma (MM) patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) and therefore improve renal recovery and patient survival. During the study period, 29 patients with MM and AKI presented to our unit and were treated with two different therapy modalities (plasmapheresis with chemotherapy or bortezomib). At the end of treatment, a significant decrease of FLCs was present in the group treated with plasmapheresis compared to the bortezomib group...
December 14, 2017: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238581/a-spicy-status-synthetic-cannabinoid-spice-use-and-new-onset-refractory-status-epilepticus-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#11
Marc-Alain Babi, Christopher P Robinson, Carolina B Maciel
Synthetic cannabinoids refer to a wide variety of chemicals engineered to bind cannabinoid receptors (CB1 and CB2) and mimic the effects of delta-9-tetrahydrocanabinol. The potential for severe toxicity and limited in vivo data make synthetic cannabinoid intake an important public health and safety concern. Neurologic toxidromes associated with their use include mental status changes, panic attacks, memory distortions, acute psychosis (e.g. paranoia, delusional thoughts), disorganized behavior, and suicidal and homicidal thoughts...
2017: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238427/hiv-associated-nephropathy-in-africa-pathology-clinical-presentation-and-strategy-for-prevention
#12
REVIEW
Nazik Elmalaika Husain, Mohamed H Ahmed, Ahmed O Almobarak, Sufian K Noor, Wadie M Elmadhoun, Heitham Awadalla, Clare L Woodward, Dushyant Mital
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection can lead to progressive decline in renal function known as HIV-associated nephropathy (HIVAN). Importantly, individuals of African ancestry are more at risk of developing HIVAN than their European descent counterparts. An in-depth search on Google Scholar, Medline and PubMed was conducted using the terms "HIVAN" and "pathology and clinical presentation", in addition to "prevalence and risk factors for HIVAN", with special emphasis on African countries for any articles published between 1990 and 2017...
January 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237155/paracrine-activation-of-the-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-pathway-by-bone-marrow-stem-cell-attenuates-cisplatin-induced-kidney-injury
#13
Xiaoyan Jiao, Jieru Cai, Xiaofang Yu, Xiaoqiang Ding
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Cisplatin-induced acute kidney injury (AKI) involves damage to tubular cells via excess reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation. Stem cell-based therapies have shown great promise in AKI treatment. In this study, we aimed to assess the protective effect and mechanism of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell (BMSC)-derived conditioned medium (CM) against cisplatin-induced AKI. METHODS: In vitro, NRK-52E cells were incubated with cisplatin in the presence or absence of CM, followed by the assessment of cell viability, apoptosis and cell cycle distribution...
December 11, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237046/exposure-to-contrast-media-in-the-perioperative-period-confers-no-additional-risk-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-surgical-patients
#14
Ian Zealley, Huan Wang, Peter T Donnan, Samira Bell
Background: Iodinated contrast media (CM) used in angiography and computed tomography (CT) scans is an important cause of acute kidney injury (AKI) in hospitalized patients undergoing surgery. Contrast-induced nephropathy leads to AKI soon after CM administration. The aim of the study was to determine whether the timing of contrast media exposure related to diagnostic imaging during the immediate perioperative period influences the risk of post-operative AKI. Methods: All patients aged 18 years or above who underwent diagnostic imaging within 7 days of non-cardiac surgery between 1 January 2003 and 31 December 2013 in the Tayside region of Scotland, UK were included in the analysis...
December 9, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236674/citrullus-colocynthis-linn-fruit-extract-ameliorates-cisplatin-induced-hepato-renal-toxicity-in-rats
#15
Olufunmilayo O Adeyemi, Ismail O Ishola, Ifeoluwa D Ajani
Background Cisplatin-induced acute liver and kidney injuries are serious problems in cancer patients during treatment of solid tumours. Objective This study sought to investigate possible protective effect of ethanolic fruit extract of Citrullus colocynthis (CC) against cisplatin-induced hepato-renal toxicity in rats. Methods Thirty male albino rats (150-200 g) were divided into five groups (n=6) and treated as follows: group 1: vehicle (10 mL/kg, p.o.; normal control); group 2: vehicle (10 mL/kg); groups 3-5: CC (100, 200 or 400 mg/kg, p...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236211/association-of-whole-blood-tacrolimus-concentrations-with-kidney-injury-in-heart-transplantation-patients
#16
Maaike A Sikma, Claudine C Hunault, Johannes H Kirkels, Marianne C Verhaar, Jozef Kesecioglu, Dylan W de Lange
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is frequently observed after heart transplantation and is associated with morbidity and mortality. However, many confounding factors also contribute to the development of AKI in heart transplants. We hypothesized that supratherapeutic whole-blood tacrolimus trough concentrations are associated with AKI. METHODS: In a retrospective observational cohort from April 2005 to December 2012, all adult heart transplantation patients were included...
December 13, 2017: European Journal of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234998/reduction-of-cardiopulmonary-renal-complications-with-serum-bnp-guided-volume-status-management-in-posthepatectomy-patients
#17
Sameer H Patel, Bradford J Kim, Ching-Wei D Tzeng, Yun Shin Chun, Claudius Conrad, Jean-Nicolas Vauthey, Thomas A Aloia
BACKGROUND: After hepatectomy, over- and under-resuscitations induce cardiopulmonary complications and acute kidney injury, respectively, leading to significant perioperative morbidity and mortality. Unlike serum chemistries or urine output, serum brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels have been shown to accurately reflect current intravascular fluid balance without influence from alterations of hormonal axes. Based on these data, this study was designed to measure the impact of a serum BNP-guided hepatobiliary fluid protocol on the incidence of posthepatectomy cardiopulmonary/renal complications...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234986/exertional-rhabdomyolysis-leading-to-acute-kidney-injury-when-genetic-defects-are-diagnosed-in-adult-life
#18
David Cucchiari, Irene Colombo, Ottavia Amato, Manuel Alfredo Podestà, Francesco Reggiani, Rossella Valentino, Irene Faravelli, Silvia Testolin, Maurizio Moggio, Salvatore Badalamenti
Rhabdomyolysis is a common cause of acute kidney injury (AKI) that is usually triggered by trauma. However, less common causes of rhabdomyolysis may precipitate AKI as well, possibly representing a diagnostic challenge even for the experienced nephrologist. Genetic defects of muscle metabolism represent one of these causes and can be overlooked in adults, since these diseases usually become apparent in childhood. We present here a case in which an adult patient with severe exertional rhabdomyolysis leading to AKI was finally diagnosed with a genetic defect of lipid metabolism...
December 12, 2017: CEN Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234893/the-clinical-relevance-of-plasma-cd147-basigin-in-biopsy-proven-kidney-diseases
#19
Yoshiko Mori, Tomohiro Masuda, Tomoki Kosugi, Tomoki Yoshioka, Mayuko Hori, Hiroshi Nagaya, Kayaho Maeda, Yuka Sato, Hiroshi Kojima, Noritoshi Kato, Takuji Ishimoto, Takayuki Katsuno, Yukio Yuzawa, Kenji Kadomatsu, Shoichi Maruyama
BACKGROUND: Precise understanding of kidney disease activity is needed to design therapeutic strategies. CD147/basigin is involved in the pathogenesis of acute kidney injury and renal fibrosis through inflammatory cell infiltration. The present study examined the clinical relevance of CD147 in biopsy-proven kidney diseases that lead to the progression of chronic kidney disease. METHODS: Kidney biopsy specimens and plasma and urine samples were obtained from patients with kidney diseases, including IgA nephropathy (IgAN), Henoch-Schönlein purpura nephritis (HSPN), diabetic kidney disease (DKD), focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS), and membranous nephropathy (MN), who underwent renal biopsy between 2011 and 2014...
December 12, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234197/echocardiographic-and-electrocardiographic-predictors-of-adverse-outcomes-in-spontaneous-bacterial-peritonitis
#20
Mahek Shah, Soumya Patnaik, Obiora Maludum, Shantanu Patil, Toni Anne De Venecia, Vincent M Figueredo
Background: Patients with cirrhosis who develop Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis (SBP) suffer from cirrhotic cardiomyopathy which is characterized by impaired contractility in response to stress despite a relatively normal resting cardiac output. We hypothesized that electrocardiographic and echocardiographic information would help prognosticate patients developing SBP in addition to existing scoring systems. Methods: Cirrhotic patients admitted to Einstein Medical Center from 01/01/2005 to 6/30/2012 for SBP, and did not receive a transplant within one year, were included...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology
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