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Flexor tenosynovitis

J-D Werthel, M Cortez, B T Elhassan
: Stenosing tenosynovitis or trigger finger is one of the most common disorders that affect the flexor tendon apparatus of the hand. Percutaneous release has been previously reported to be easier, quicker, less invasive and less costly than open surgery. The purpose of this study was to report the outcome of an alternative percutaneous trigger finger release technique. From March 2008 to January 2014, 92 patients (128 fingers) who underwent the alternative percutaneous trigger finger release, with a minimum of 6 months follow-up were included...
June 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
Jason D Johnson, Michael P Gaspar, Eon K Shin
We present a case report of stenosing tenosynovitis of the flexor pollicis longus tendon in an adolescent girl who required surgical release after failing conservative measures. The patient had no other risk factors, aside from her excessive texting, which we postulate led to her condition. Although there have been a few reports of tendinitis and tenosynovitis secondary to texting, we believe this is the first in the literature to report trigger thumb requiring surgical release in an adolescent.
April 2016: Journal of Hand and Microsurgery
Serkan Bayram, Ali Erşen, Murat Altan, Hayati Durmaz
INTRODUCTION: One of the infectious causes of wrist tenosynovitis is Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Tendon sheath involvement is rare. Herein, we report the diagnosis and treatment of a patient with neglected wrist flexor tendon sheath tuberculosis. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report the diagnosis and treatment of a man aged 50 years with neglected wrist flexor tendon sheath tuberculosis. DISCUSSION: In patients with tendon sheath involvement, symptoms are generally non-specific such as pain and swelling; therefore, it can be diagnosed late due to the lack of systemic symptoms...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Erin FitzGerald Alaia, Zehava Sadka Rosenberg, Jenny T Bencardino, Gina A Ciavarra, Ignacio Rossi, Catherine N Petchprapa
OBJECTIVE: To assess, utilizing MRI, tarsal tunnel disease in patients with talocalcaneal coalitions. To the best of our knowledge, this has only anecdotally been described before. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-seven ankle MRIs with talocalcaneal coalition were retrospectively reviewed for disease of tendons and nerves of the tarsal tunnel. Interobserver variability in diagnosing tendon disease was performed in 30 of the 67 cases. Tarsal tunnel nerves were also evaluated in a control group of 20 consecutive ankle MRIs...
November 2016: Skeletal Radiology
Zixian Yang, Therma Wai Chun Cheung
BACKGROUND: Risk factors contributing to upper limb repetitive stress injuries (RSIs) have been well-documented in literature, but there has been no such data in Singapore. OBJECTIVE: To investigate potential contributory factors to upper limb RSIsMETHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of clients who were referred to outpatient upper limb rehabilitation in 2012. Demographic information was retrieved from an electronic documentation system. Descriptive analyses were performed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) Version 17...
August 12, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Wen-Hsuan Hou, Chung-Yi Li, Lu-Hsuan Chen, Liang-Yi Wang, Ken N Kuo, Hsiu-Nien Shen, Ming-Fong Chang
BACKGROUND: Population-based data for diabetic hand syndrome (DHS) are limited. The aim of the present epidemiological study was to estimate the overall and cause-specific prevalence and rate ratio (RR) of DHS in patients with diabetes. METHODS: The present study was a cross-sectional study based on a random sample of 57 093 diabetics and matched controls, both identified from Taiwan National Health Insurance claims in 2010. The DHS analyzed in the present study included carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS), stenosing flexor tenosynovitis (SFT), limited joint mobility (LJM), and Dupuytren's disease (DD)...
August 3, 2016: Journal of Diabetes
Justin Yousef, Patrick Chan, Richard Rahdon
Open carpal tunnel decompression is a common procedure with potential long-term complications such as scar tenderness, pillar pain and neuroma. We present the case of a 65 year-old male with chronic lipomatous hypertrophy of the wrist and chronic flexor tenosynovitis after open carpal tunnel release for its rarity and severity of symptoms that required further surgery.
June 2016: J Hand Surg Asian Pac Vol
Isabelle Senécal, Nadia Richer
OBJECTIVE: To describe the pain and functional improvements of a patient with posterior ankle impingement following a treatment plan incorporating soft tissue therapy, chiropractic adjustment and a progressive rehabilitation program. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 37-year- old male presented with posterolateral ankle pain exacerbated by plantar flexion two weeks after sustaining an inversion ankle sprain. Oedema was present and the patient was describing a sensation of instability while walking...
June 2016: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
Qasim Akram, Michael Hughes, Lindsay Muir
Flexor tenosynovitis of the hand is often caused by trauma or infection. Gouty tenosynovitis is an uncommon presentation of the condition and is usually misdiagnosed as infection with the patient undergoing surgery. The coexistence of infection and gout causing flexor tenosynovitis has never been described before in the literature; we report the first ever case and emphasise the importance of its awareness for optimal treatment. A 54-year-old man was initially diagnosed and treated as having infective flexor tenosynovitis and, later, due to a lack of improvement in his symptoms, was discovered to also have gout...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
Oren Barzel, Ohad Avny, Danit Langer, Michael Chernofsky, Gil Almog, Shai Luria
BACKGROUND: The trigger finger is a common condition of the hand that is treated by family physicians, orthopedic and hand surgeons. The patients suffer from pain, triggering of the finger and may develop a flexion contracture of the finger, causing significant functional limitations. AIM: The objectives of this study were to evaluate factors involved in the diagnosis and treatment of this condition, as well as the differences in treatment between specialists. METHODS: The different specialists were asked to rate the importance of symptoms, examination and imaging studies regarding the decision to refer a patient for surgery as well as suggest the treatment of a hypothetical patient complaining of typical symptoms...
March 2016: Harefuah
Hiroki Funasaki, Hiroteru Hayashi, Kanako Sakamoto, Rei Tsuruga, Keishi Marumo
Stenosing tenosynovitis of the flexor hallucis longus (FHL) tendon is known as a major overuse lesion in female dancers. We describe arthroscopic surgical techniques in relation to the dynamic pathology of the disease. Crepitus and pain on moving the great toe with the ankle in plantar flexion on preoperative examination confirm the diagnosis of FHL stenosing tenosynovitis even if the os trigonum is not evident. The ankle is approached through standard posterolateral and posteromedial portals. A 4.0-mm-diameter 30° arthroscope is used...
December 2015: Arthroscopy Techniques
Erin C Fluke, Nikoletta L Carayannopoulos, Ronald W Lindsey
Pyogenic flexor tenosynovitis is an orthopedic emergency most commonly caused by Staphylococcus aureus and streptococci and occasionally, when associated with water exposure, Mycobacterium marinum. Shewanella algae, a gram-negative bacillus found in warm saltwater environments, has infrequently been reported to cause serious soft tissue infections and necrosis. In this case, S. algae caused complicated flexor tenosynovitis requiring open surgical irrigation and debridement. Flexor tenosynovitis caused by S...
July 2016: Journal of Hand Surgery
Jérôme Pierrart, Damien Delgrande, William Mamane, Daniel Tordjman, Emmanuel H Masmejean
Paronychia and felon are the most common infections of the hand. Surgical treatment is required once an abscess develops, but systematic use of postoperative antibiotic therapy remains open for discussion. Antibiotics both favor the selection of resistant bacteria and increase the cost of treatment. To our knowledge, no study has demonstrated their benefit following excision, yet many practitioners prescribe them systematically and empirically. In our current practices, we do not use antibiotic coverage following excision of uncomplicated paronychia or felon (no signs of arthritis, osteitis, flexor tenosynovitis, lymphangitis), except in potentially at-risk patients (immunosuppressed, diabetic, cardiac valve prosthesis recipient)...
February 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
Marwin Gutierrez, Carlos Pineda, Fausto Salaffi, Bernd Raffeiner, Tomas Cazenave, Gabriela A Martinez-Nava, Chiara Bertolazzi, Florentin Vreju, Nevsun Inanc, Eduardo Villaman, Andrea Delle Sedie, Fernando Dal Pra, Marcos Rosemffet
The aim of this study is to investigate the prevalence of subclinical ankle involvement by ultrasound in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The study was conducted on 216 patients with RA and 200 healthy sex- and age-matched controls. Patients with no history or clinical evidence of ankle involvement underwent US examination. For each ankle, tibio-talar (TT) joint, tibialis anterior (TA) tendon, extensor halux (EH) and extensor common (EC) tendons, tibialis posterior (TP) tendon, flexor common (FC) tendon and flexor hallux (FH) tendon, peroneous brevis (PB) and longus (PL) tendons, Achilles tendon (AT) and plantar fascia (PF) were assessed...
April 19, 2016: Clinical Rheumatology
Mads Ammitzbøll-Danielsen, Iustina Janta, Søren Torp-Pedersen, Esperanza Naredo, Mikkel Østergaard, Lene Terslev
BACKGROUND: The aim was to investigate the presence of feeding vessels in or in close proximity to extensor and flexor tendon sheaths at the wrists level and in finger flexor tendon sheaths in healthy controls, using 3D ultrasound (US), which may cause pitfalls, in order to ensure correct interpretation of Doppler signals when diagnosing tenosynovitis. METHOD: Forty healthy participants (20 women and 20 men age 23-67 years) without prior history of arthritis, tendon diseases or present pain in their hands were included...
2015: Arthritis Research & Therapy
Mohamed Ali Sbai, Sofien Benzarti, Monia Boussen, Riadh Maalla
Tuberculosis is a major public health problem in developing countries. Flexor tenosynovitis of the fingers constitutes an exceptional tuberculosis localization (Gabl et al., 1997; Senda et al., 2011) [1,2]. Unusual presentations, such as tuberculous tenosynovitis, often go undetected and are associated with a diagnostic and therapeutic delay, especially when bacteriological research proves to be negative. Here, we report a case of tuberculous flexor tenosynovitis of the hand.
December 2015: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
Alen Zabotti, Sara Salvin, Luca Quartuccio, Salvatore De Vita
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether ultrasonographic findings of the synovio-entheseal complex of the hand small joints could be used to differentiate between early rheumatoid and early psoriatic arthritis. METHODS: Thirty-four early rheumatoid and 26 early psoriatic arthritis patients with a prevalent involvement of the hands were examined with ultrasound (US). All exams were performed at the first visit by evaluating synovitis, peritendon extensor digitorum tendon oedema, enthesitis of the central slip of extensor tendon, flexor tenosynovitis and soft tissue oedema...
May 2016: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Renee L Barry, Nicholas S Adams, Matthew D Martin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Eplasty
Vanessa Dinoá, Felipe von Ranke, Flavia Costa, Edson Marchiori
OBJECTIVE: To present findings of plantar plate (PP) lesions from MRI with administration of gadolinium and to differentiate PP lesions from others causes of metatarsalgia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two musculoskeletal radiologists reviewed 249 contrast-enhanced forefoot MRI scans from patients with metatarsalgia between June 2012 and June 2013. Evaluations focused on hyper-vascularized/fibrous tissue and other findings associated with PP tears. RESULTS: Fifty-nine patients had PP tears, 59 % were female...
May 2016: Skeletal Radiology
Alyssa R Golas, Lauren R Marcus, Robert S Reiffel
BACKGROUND: Traditional nonoperative management of stenosing tenosynovitis is limited to one corticosteroid injection, followed by surgery in the case of failure. Recently, nonoperative strategies have been extended to include two or three injections despite the absence of large prospective studies supporting this practice. METHODS: A prospective study was performed of all patients presenting with stenosing tenosynovitis to a single surgeon (R.S.R.) over a 22-year period...
February 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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