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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100524/making-robust-assessments-of-specialist-trainees-workplace-performance
#1
J M Weller, D J Castanelli, Y Chen, B Jolly
BACKGROUND: Workplace-based assessments should provide a reliable measure of trainee performance, but have met with mixed success. We proposed that using an entrustability scale, where supervisors scored trainees on the level of supervision required for the case would improve the utility of compulsory mini-clinical evaluation exercise (CEX) assessments in a large anaesthesia training program. METHODS: We analysed mini-CEX scores from all Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists trainees submitted to an online database over a 12-month period...
February 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090110/entrustable-professional-activities-personalization-and-expansion-for-pharmacy-graduates
#2
Jennie B Jarrett, Lucas A Berenbrok
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076728/bringing-competencies-closer-to-day-to-day-clinical-work-through-entrustable-professional-activities
#3
Olle Ten Cate, Stephen Tobin, Marie-Louise Stokes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065602/diagnostic-and-therapeutic-strategy-in-meni%C3%A3-re-s-disease-guidelines-of-the-french-otorhinolaryngology-head-and-neck-surgery-society-sforl
#4
J Nevoux, V Franco-Vidal, D Bouccara, C Parietti-Winkler, A Uziel, A Chays, X Dubernard, V Couloigner, V Darrouzet, T Mom
OBJECTIVES: The authors present the guidelines of the French Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Society (Société française d'oto-rhino-laryngologie et de chirurgie de la face et du cou: SFORL) for diagnostic and therapeutic strategy in Menière's disease. METHODS: A work group was entrusted with a review of the scientific literature on the above topic. Guidelines were drawn up, then read over by an editorial group independent of the work group. The guidelines were graded according to the literature analysis and recommendations grading guide published by the French National Agency for Accreditation and Evaluation in Health (January 2000)...
January 3, 2017: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042451/preservation-of-extraction-socket-in-immediate-implant-placement-a-clinical-study
#5
M DI Girolamo, C A Arullani, R Calcaterra, J Manzi, C Arcuri, L Baggi
AIM: The objective of this study was to compare different approaches temporary restoration in an immediate implant placement. To determine the respective influence of each parameter, two treatment groups were formed; a strict and standardized study protocol was applied to minimize the influence of bias and confounding factors. The Pink Esthetic Score (PES) - the esthetic out-come of soft tissue appearance was evaluated. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixteen patients with a single failing tooth in the maxilla and a natural contralateral site were randomly distributed into two groups...
October 2016: Oral & Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031599/competency-based-medical-education-an-overview-and-application-in-pharmacology
#6
Nilima Shah, Chetna Desai, Gokul Jorwekar, Dinesh Badyal, Tejinder Singh
Competency-based medical education (CBME) is gaining momentum across the globe. The Medical Council of India has described the basic competencies required of an Indian Medical Graduate and designed a competency-based module on attitudes and communication. Widespread adoption of a competency-based approach would mean a paradigm shift in the current approach to medical education. CBME, hence, needs to be reviewed for its usefulness and limitations in the Indian context. This article describes the rationale of CBME and provides an overview of its components, i...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027689/entrustable-professional-activities-epas-for-teachers-in-medical-education-has-the-time-come
#7
Charlene M Dewey, Gersten Jonker, Olle Ten Cate, Teri L Turner
On a daily basis, patients put their trust in the healthcare system for safe and high-quality healthcare. However, what evidence do we have as an educational community that our supervising faculty members are competent to fulfill this responsibility? Few, if any, requirements exist for faculty members to have continuous professional development in the field of medical education. Many faculty "love to teach", however, this love of teaching does not make them competent to teach or assess the competence of trainees whom they supervise...
December 27, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025624/impact-of-a-revised-curriculum-focusing-on-clinical-neurology-and-musculoskeletal-care-on-a-required-fourth-year-medical-student-physical-medicine-and-rehabilitation-clerkship
#8
John W Norbury, Clinton E Faulk, Kelly M Harrell, Luan E Lawson, Daniel P Moore
Background. A Required Fourth-Year Medical Student Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PM&R) Clerkship was found to increase students' knowledge of PM&R; however the students' overall rotation evaluations were consistently lower than the other 8 required clerkships at the medical school. Objective. To describe the impact of a revised curriculum based upon Entrustable Professional Activities and focusing on basic pain management, musculoskeletal care, and neurology. Setting. Academic Medical Center. Participants...
2016: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019131/heutagogic-approach-to-developing-capable-learners
#9
Reem Rachel Abraham, Ramnarayan Komattil
The twenty-first century higher education sector has come a long way after undergoing continuous metamorphosis from pedagogy to andragogy. Most of the educational approaches adopted in medical schools are directed towards developing more of competencies and less of capability, which is the ability to use competencies in novel contexts. Competencies alone are not sufficient to thrive in the present day work place as medical profession subsumes complex contexts; it is in this scenario that, medical educators are entrusted with the challenging task of developing "capable learners"...
December 25, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018538/taking-rater-exposure-to-trainees-into-account-when-explaining-rater-variability
#10
Christy K Boscardin, Marjo Wijnen-Meijer, Olle Ten Cate
BACKGROUND : Rater-based judgments are widely used in graduate medical education to provide more meaningful assessments, despite concerns about rater reliability. OBJECTIVE : We introduced a statistical modeling technique that corresponds to the new rater reliability framework, and present a case example to provide an illustration of the utility of this new approach to assessing rater reliability. METHODS : We used mixed-effects models to simultaneously incorporate random effects for raters and systematic effects of rater role as fixed effects...
December 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986467/guidelines-of-the-french-society-of-otorhinolaryngology-sforl-short-version-specific-treatment-of-epistaxis-in-rendu-osler-weber-disease
#11
L Robard, J Michel, V Prulière Escabasse, E Bequignon, B Vérillaud, O Malard, L Crampette
OBJECTIVES: The authors present the guidelines of the French Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery Society (Société Française d'Oto-Rhino-Laryngologie et de Chirurgie de la Face et du Cou: SFORL) concerning specific treatment of epistaxis in Rendu-Osler-Weber disease. METHODS: A multidisciplinary work-group was entrusted with a review of the scientific literature on the above topic. Guidelines were drawn up, based on the articles retrieved and the group members' individual experience...
December 13, 2016: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27951563/preparation-and-quality-management-of-fluids-for-hemodialysis
#12
Hideki Kawanishi, Misaki Moriishi, Naoko Takahashi, Shinichiro Tsuchiya
BACKGROUND: In 2008, the Japanese Society for Dialysis Therapy (JSDT) proposed a standard for the quality of fluids for hemodialysis. The standard was geared toward Japan, where the central dialysis fluid delivery system is routinely used. After establishment of the standard, dialysis fluid quality was markedly improved in facilities across the country. Moreover, the number of on-line hemodiafiltration patients dramatically increased. SUMMARY: However, the 2008 standard specifies only microbiological qualities and does not cover toxic chemicals...
2017: Contributions to Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940789/to-trust-or-not-to-trust-an-introduction-to-entrustable-professional-activities
#13
REVIEW
Janice L Hanson, Susan L Bannister
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920620/professional-identity-at-los-angeles-college-of-chiropractic
#14
Melissa Nagare Kimura, Robb Russell, John Scaringe
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to describe chiropractic professional identity as espoused by the Los Angeles College of Chiropractic. DISCUSSION: Professional identity is a construct that begins formation prior to career selection, can be considered the backbone of health care education, and has been linked to career success. Los Angeles College of Chiropractic's professional identity is shaped by a philosophy of health care that is focused on vitalism, holism, naturalism, therapeutic conservatism, critical rationalism, phenomenology, humanism, and interprofessionalism...
December 2016: Journal of Chiropractic Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893759/the-condition-for-generous-trust
#15
Obayashi Shinya, Inagaki Yusuke, Takikawa Hiroki
Trust has been considered the "cement" of a society and is much studied in sociology and other social sciences. Most studies, however, have neglected one important aspect of trust: it involves an act of forgiving and showing tolerance toward another's failure. In this study, we refer to this concept as "generous trust" and examine the conditions under which generous trust becomes a more viable option when compared to other types of trust. We investigate two settings. First, we introduce two types of uncertainties: uncertainty as to whether trustees have the intention to cooperate, and uncertainty as to whether trustees have enough competence to accomplish the entrusted tasks...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886946/building-multidisciplinary-health-workforce-capacity-to-support-the-implementation-of-integrated-people-centred-models-of-care-for-musculoskeletal-health
#16
REVIEW
M J Chehade, T K Gill, D Kopansky-Giles, L Schuwirth, J Karnon, P McLiesh, J Alleyne, A D Woolf
To address the burden of musculoskeletal (MSK) conditions, a competent health workforce is required to support the implementation of MSK models of care. Funding is required to create employment positions with resources for service delivery and training a fit-for-purpose workforce. Training should be aligned to define "entrustable professional activities", and include collaborative skills appropriate to integrated and people-centred care and supported by shared education resources. Greater emphasis on educating MSK healthcare workers as effective trainers of peers, students and patients is required...
June 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873410/where-do-physicians-start-and-end
#17
Rachel H Ellaway, David Topps, Maureen Topps
Medical education is primarily about training physicians and maintaining their capabilities over time. Given that physicians are the primary focus of the field, there is a need for a clear idea of what physicians are or could be. This paper seeks to explore this issue by posing the simple question: ?Where do physicians start and end?' In doing so, the authors explore a series of different conceptual frames, including those of a physician's physical dimensions, their cellular boundaries, personal intentions and beliefs, professional identity, regulation, entrustability, professional performance, extended cognition, and disability...
December 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865710/new-human-biomonitoring-methods-for-chemicals-of-concern-the-german-approach-to-enhance-relevance
#18
Marike Kolossa-Gehring, Ulrike Fiddicke, Gabriele Leng, Jürgen Angerer, Birgit Wolz
In Germany strong efforts have been made within the last years to develop new methods for human biomonitoring (HBM). The German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB) and the German Chemical Industry Association e. V. (VCI) cooperate since 2010 to increase the knowledge on the internal exposure of the general population to chemicals. The projects aim is to promote human biomonitoring by developing new analytical methods Key partner of the cooperation is the German Environment Agency (UBA) which has been entrusted with the scientific coordination...
November 10, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863135/a-new-roadmap-for-the-journey-from-internist-to-rheumatologist
#19
Lisa G Criscione-Schreiber, Calvin R Brown, Kenneth S O'Rourke, Howard A Fuchs, Chaim Putterman, Irene J Tan, Joanne Valeriano-Marcet, Evelyn Hsieh, Sarah Zirkle, Marcy B Bolster
OBJECTIVE: Measurement is necessary to gauge improvement. U.S. training programs have not previously used shared standards to assess trainees' mastery of the knowledge, skills, and attitudes necessary to practice rheumatology competently. In 2014, the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) Next Accreditation System (NAS) began requiring semi-annual evaluation of all medicine subspecialty fellows on 23 Internal Medicine Subspecialty Reporting Milestones. Since these Reporting Milestones are not subspecialty-specific, Rheumatology Curricular Milestones were needed to guide rheumatology fellowship training programs and fellows on the training journey from Internist to Rheumatologist...
November 11, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862488/the-cardiac-patients-perceptions-of-their-responsibilities-in-adherence-to-care-a-qualitative-interview-study
#20
Mari Kangasniemi, Marina Hirjaba, Katja Kohonen, Ercole Vellone, Tanja Moilanen, Anna-Maija Pietilä
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to describe cardiac patients' perceptions of their responsibilities in adherence to care. BACKGROUND: The responsibilities of cardiac patients' adherence to care is a topical issue because of the increasing prevalence of non-communicable diseases in Western countries, including cardiovascular disease (CVD). Responsibilities has been studies in cardiac patients' care but little is described patients' perspectives in the subject...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
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