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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725792/entrustable-professional-activities-for-pathology-recommendations-from-the-college-of-american-pathologists-graduate-medical-education-committee
#1
Cindy B McCloskey, Ronald E Domen, Richard M Conran, Robert D Hoffman, Miriam D Post, Mark D Brissette, Dita A Gratzinger, Patricia M Raciti, David A Cohen, Cory A Roberts, Amyn M Rojiani, Christina S Kong, Jo Elle G Peterson, Kristen Johnson, Sue Plath, Suzanne Zein-Eldin Powell
Competency-based medical education has evolved over the past decades to include the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education Accreditation System of resident evaluation based on the Milestones project. Entrustable professional activities represent another means to determine learner proficiency and evaluate educational outcomes in the workplace and training environment. The objective of this project was to develop entrustable professional activities for pathology graduate medical education encompassing primary anatomic and clinical pathology residency training...
January 2017: Acad Pathol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720927/report-of-the-2016-17-academic-affairs-standing-committee-entrustable-professional-activities-implementation-roadmap
#2
Amy L Pittenger, Debra A Copeland, Matthew M Lacroix, Quamrun N Masuda, Peter Mbi, Melissa S Medina, Susan M Miller, Scott K Stolte, Cecilia M Plaza
The purpose of this report is to: 1) Identify linkages across the EPA statements, Center for the Advancement of Pharmacy Education 2013 Educational Outcomes (CAPE 2013) and the Joint Commission of Pharmacy Practitioners' Pharmacist Patient Care Process (PPCP); 2) Provide ways EPA statements can be used to communicate core skills that are part of the entry-level pharmacist identity; 3) Suggest a potential roadmap for AACP members on how to implement EPA statements.
June 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705161/entrustment-of-the-on-call-senior-medical-resident-role-implications-for-patient-safety-and-collective-care
#3
Noureen Huda, Lisa Faden, Mark Goldszmidt
BACKGROUND: The on-call responsibilities of a senior medicine resident (SMR) may include the admission transition of patient care on medical teaching teams (MTT), supervision of junior trainees, and ensuring patient safety. In many institutions, there is no standardised assessment of SMR competency prior to granting these on-call responsibilities in internal medicine. In order to fulfill competency based medical education requirements, training programs need to develop assessment approaches to make and defend such entrustment decisions...
July 14, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700462/validity-of-level-of-supervision-scales-for-assessing-pediatric-fellows-on-the-common-pediatric-subspecialty-entrustable-professional-activities
#4
Richard B Mink, Alan Schwartz, Bruce E Herman, David A Turner, Megan L Curran, Angela Myers, Deborah C Hsu, Jennifer C Kesselheim, Carol L Carraccio
PURPOSE: Entrustable professional activities (EPAs) represent the routine and essential activities that physicians perform in practice. Although some level of supervision scales have been proposed, they have not been validated. In this study, the investigators created level of supervision scales for EPAs common to the pediatric subspecialties and then examined their validity in a study conducted by the Subspecialty Pediatrics Investigator Network (SPIN). METHOD: SPIN Steering Committee members used a modified Delphi process to develop unique scales for six of the seven common EPAs...
July 11, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693670/the-right-to-food-and-the-planetary-boundaries-framework
#5
Wiebina Heesterman
The 'Right to Food' is a legal entitlement owed to all human beings established in international law more than half a century ago. Fulfilment of the right has been entrusted to states parties to the 1966 International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR). However, in practice, the right is often breached because of hostility or indifference from individuals or institutions refusing access to provisions, or because of vicissitudes of nature. Adverse impacts due to human interference in natural processes are increasingly noticeable in the area of food production...
March 1, 2017: Science Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675999/subduing-the-green-eyed-monster-bridging-the-psychopharmacological-and-psychosocial-treatment-perspective-in-understanding-pathological-jealousy
#6
Farah Deena Abdul Samad, Hatta Sidi, Jaya Kumar, Srijit Das, Marhani Midin, Nurul Hazwani Hatta
Human being is not spared from a broad-ranged emotional state, including being jealous. Jealousy has both affective-cognitive and behavioural-evaluative dimension where the person perceives, or experiences a real threat on a valued relationship. As this complex emotion becomes irrational and not amenable to reason, it later transforms into a dangerously 'green-eyed monster'. This perilous situation which is viewed as pathological jealousy is a form of delusion, which is maintained by a fixed and false reasoning in an originally entrusted intimate relationship...
July 4, 2017: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668746/the-abolition-of-war-as-a-goal-of-environmental-policy
#7
REVIEW
Brian F Snyder, Leslie E Ruyle
Since the 1950s, select military and political leaders have had the capacity to kill all or nearly all human life on Earth. The number of people entrusted with this power grows each year through proliferation and the rise of new political leaders. If humans continue to maintain and develop nuclear weapons, it is highly probable that a nuclear exchange will occur again at some point in the future. This nuclear exchange may or may not annihilate the human species, but it will cause catastrophic effects on the biosphere...
June 29, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639982/transforming-the-nursing-classroom-into-a-clinical-setting
#8
Leslie G Cole, B Ann Graves, Stephanie Turner
Providing clinical opportunities for students to gain experience in managing cardiac dysrhythmias is a challenge for nursing faculty. High-risk experiences are often not available for all students or are too life-threatening to entrust to students. Faculty shortages and increasing enrollments add to declines in clinical opportunities. The use of human patient simulation (HPS) has added opportunities to experience high-risk, low-frequency clinical situations. HPS may be employed in the classroom setting to teach content related to dysrhythmia treatments...
June 20, 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638541/entrustment-versus-competency-continued-confusion
#9
EDITORIAL
Neel Sharma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634908/an-entrustable-professional-activity-epa-based-framework-to-prepare-fourth-year-medical-students-for-internal-medicine-careers
#10
D Michael Elnicki, Meenakshy K Aiyer, Maria L Cannarozzi, Alexander Carbo, Paul R Chelminski, Shobhina G Chheda, Saumil M Chudgar, Heather E Harrell, L Chad Hood, Michelle Horn, Karnjit Johl, Gregory C Kane, Diana B McNeill, Marty D Muntz, Anne G Pereira, Emily Stewart, Heather Tarantino, T Robert Vu
The purpose of the fourth year of medical school remains controversial. Competing demands during this transitional phase cause confusion for students and educators. In 2014, the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) released 13 Core Entrustable Professional Activities for Entering Residency (CEPAERs). A committee comprising members of the Clerkship Directors in Internal Medicine and the Association of Program Directors in Internal Medicine applied these principles to preparing students for internal medicine residencies...
June 20, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621586/the-cooler-code-a-novel-analytical-approach-to-calculate-subcellular-energy-deposition-by-internal-electron-emitters
#11
Mattia Siragusa, Giorgio Baiocco, Pil M Fredericia, Werner Friedland, Torsten Groesser, Andrea Ottolenghi, Mikael Jensen
COmputation of Local Electron Release (COOLER), a software program designed for dosimetry assessment at the cellular/subcellular scale, with a given distribution of administered low-energy electron-emitting radionuclides in cellular compartments, which remains a critical step in risk/benefit analysis for advancements in internal radiotherapy. The software is intended to overcome the main limitations of the medical internal radiation dose (MIRD) formalism for calculations of cellular S-values (i.e., dose to a target region in the cell per decay in a given source region), namely, the use of the continuous slowing down approximation (CSDA) and the assumption of a spherical cell geometry...
June 16, 2017: Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614591/core-entrustable-professional-activities-in-clinical-pharmacology-for-entering-residency-biologics
#12
Vera S Donnenberg, Maja Mandic, John C Rhee, Timothy F Burns, Bernd Meibohm, Joan M Korth-Bradley
Biologicals are a rapidly expanding class of medications used in the treatment of many different conditions. This article reviews the common characteristics of this class and the requirements for safe and effective use in patients. Several vignettes are included to illustrate common challenges.
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598742/a-call-to-action-the-controversy-of-and-rationale-for-competency-based-medical-education
#13
Eric S Holmboe, Jonathan Sherbino, Robert Englander, Linda Snell, Jason R Frank
Although medical education has enjoyed many successes over the last century, there is a recognition that health care is too often unsafe and of poor quality. Errors in diagnosis and treatment, communication breakdowns, poor care coordination, inappropriate use of tests and procedures, and dysfunctional collaboration harm patients and families around the world. These issues reflect on our current model of medical education and raise the question: Are physicians being adequately prepared for twenty-first century practice? Multiple reports have concluded the answer is "no...
June 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598741/toward-a-research-agenda-for-competency-based-medical-education
#14
Larry Gruppen, Jason R Frank, Jocelyn Lockyer, Shelley Ross, M Dylan Bould, Peter Harris, Farhan Bhanji, Brian D Hodges, Linda Snell, Olle Ten Cate
Competency-based medical education (CBME) is both an educational philosophy and an approach to educational design. CBME has already had a broad impact on medical schools, residency programs, and continuing professional development in health professions around the world. As the CBME movement evolves and CBME programs are implemented, a wide range of emerging research questions will warrant scholarly examination. In this paper, we describe a proposed CBME research agenda developed by the International CBME Collaborators...
June 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598739/toward-a-shared-language-for-competency-based-medical-education
#15
Robert Englander, Jason R Frank, Carol Carraccio, Jonathan Sherbino, Shelley Ross, Linda Snell
The paradigm shift brought about by the advent of competency-based medical education (CBME) can be characterized as an adaptive change. Currently, its development and implementation suffer from the lack of a lingua franca. A shared language is needed to support collaboration and dissemination across the world community of medical educators. The International CBME Collaborators held a second summit in 2013 to explore this and other contemporary CBME issues. We present the resulting International CBME Collaborator's glossary of CBME terms...
June 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598736/evolving-concepts-of-assessment-in-a-competency-based-world
#16
Peter Harris, Farhan Bhanji, Maureen Topps, Shelley Ross, Steven Lieberman, Jason R Frank, Linda Snell, Jonathan Sherbino
Competency-based medical education (CBME) is an approach to the design of educational systems or curricula that focuses on graduate abilities or competencies. It has been adopted in many jurisdictions, and in recent years an explosion of publications has examined its implementation and provided a critique of the approach. Assessment in a CBME context is often based on observations or judgments about an individual's level of expertise; it emphasizes frequent, direct observation of performance along with constructive and timely feedback to ensure that learners, including clinicians, have the expertise they need to perform entrusted tasks...
June 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592137/defining-research-the-effect-of-linguistic-choices-on-the-intentions-to-participate-in-clinical-research
#17
Yulia A Strekalova
Significant barriers to participant recruitment for clinical research (CR) are related to effective communication, and nurse coordinators are entrusted with being knowledge brokers between investigators and prospective participants. This prospective cohort study sought to identify linguistic choices that could inform and facilitate recruitment efforts. Healthy adults ( N = 204) were invited to join an online survey to assess the likelihood of participation in CR based on short and extended definitions of CR...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577253/am%C3%A2-i-ready-for-it-students-perceptions-of-meaningful-feedback-on-entrustable-professional-activities
#18
Chantal C M A Duijn, Lisanne S Welink, Mira Mandoki, Olle T J Ten Cate, Wim D J Kremer, Harold G J Bok
BACKGROUND: Receiving feedback while in the clinical workplace is probably the most frequently voiced desire of students. In clinical learning environments, providing and seeking performance-relevant information is often difficult for both supervisors and students. The use of entrustable professional activities (EPAs) can help to improve student assessment within competency-based education. This study aimed to illustrate what students' perceptions are of meaningful feedback viewed as conducive in preparing for performing EPA unsupervised...
June 2, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571293/management-of-severely-atrophic-mandibular-ridge-using-hollow-denture-with-an-analytical-discussion-a-clinical-case-report
#19
Rupal Jaydip Shah, Sanjay Balaji Lagdive, Satyaprakash Ranjit Shah, Vishal Bipinbihari Verma, Shraddha Lalit Saini
A severely resorbed edentulous mandibular ridge, although fairly common in occurrence, its rehabilitation poses a challenging clinical situation for the prosthodontist. This has implored prosthodontists to seek for ingenious modifications in the conventional prosthetic forms so as to gratify patient's expectations who have difficulty in wearing the mandibular complete dentures. Opting for the most suitable treatment modality mandates equilibrating the retention, stability and support triad to the fullest. Extreme resorption of the denture bearing tissue bed may lead to problems with achieving adequate levels of prosthetic satisfaction for the patient...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557946/a-patient-centered-approach-to-developing-entrustable-professional-activities
#20
Carlos El-Haddad, Arvin Damodaran, H Patrick McNeil, Wendy Hu
PURPOSE: The medical education community is rapidly accepting the use of entrustable professional activities (EPAs) as a means of assessing residents. Stakeholder engagement is advised in developing EPAs, but no studies have investigated the role of patient input. In this qualitative study, the authors investigated what patient input may add to designing a patient-centered EPA. METHOD: The authors chose "management of acute low back pain (LBP)" as a common, important clinical task on which to base the patient-centered EPA...
June 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
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