keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Salience

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450848/automated-pathogenesis-based-diagnosis-of-lumbar-neural-foraminal-stenosis-via-deep-multiscale-multitask-learning
#1
Zhongyi Han, Benzheng Wei, Stephanie Leung, Ilanit Ben Nachum, David Laidley, Shuo Li
Pathogenesis-based diagnosis is a key step to prevent and control lumbar neural foraminal stenosis (LNFS). It conducts both early diagnosis and comprehensive assessment by drawing crucial pathological links between pathogenic factors and LNFS. Automated pathogenesis-based diagnosis would simultaneously localize and grade multiple spinal organs (neural foramina, vertebrae, intervertebral discs) to diagnose LNFS and discover pathogenic factors. The automated way facilitates planning optimal therapeutic schedules and relieving clinicians from laborious workloads...
February 15, 2018: Neuroinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447462/exploring-talk-about-sexuality-and-living-gay-social-lives-among-chinese-and-south-asian-gay-and-bisexual-men-in-auckland-new-zealand
#2
Jeffery Adams, Stephen Neville
OBJECTIVE: To identify ways Chinese and South Asian gay and bisexual men living in Auckland talk about issues related to sexuality and experiences of living 'gay social lives.' Results will be available to inform health policy and practice. DESIGN: A qualitative design with individual interviews and thematic analysis was used. Semi-structured digitally recorded interviews were undertaken with 27 Chinese and 17 South Asian gay and bisexual men living in Auckland...
February 15, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444622/the-role-of-close-relationships-in-terror-management-a-systematic-review-and-research-agenda
#3
Nicholas Plusnin, Christopher A Pepping, Emiko S Kashima
Terror management theory outlines how humans seek self-esteem and worldview validation to manage death-related anxiety. Accumulating evidence reveals that close relationships serve a similar role. However, to date, there has been no synthesis of the literature that delineates when close relationships buffer mortality concerns, under what conditions, on which specific outcomes, and for whom. This systematic review presents over two decades of research to address these questions. Findings from 73 reviewed studies revealed that close relationships serve an important role in buffering death-related anxiety...
February 1, 2018: Personality and Social Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443948/shared-housing-arrangements-in-germany-an-equitable-alternative-to-long-term-care-services-beyond-homes-and-institutions
#4
Lorraine Frisina Doetter, Achim Schmid
Given the saliency of socio-demographic pressures, the highly restrictive definition of "need for care" characterizing the German long-term care system at its foundations in 1994 has since been subject to various expansionary reforms. This has translated into greater interest in innovative care models that provide more choice and flexibility to beneficiaries. One such model is 'shared housing arrangements' ("ambulant betreute Wohngemeinschaften"), where a small group of people rent private rooms, while sharing a common space, domestic support, and nursing care...
February 14, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441041/altered-brain-functional-connectome-in-migraine-with-and-without-restless-legs-syndrome-a-resting-state-functional-mri-study
#5
Fu-Chi Yang, Kun-Hsien Chou, Ai-Ling Hsu, Jong-Ling Fuh, Jiing-Feng Lirng, Hung-Wen Kao, Ching-Po Lin, Shuu-Jiun Wang
Background: Migraine is frequently comorbid with restless legs syndrome (RLS), both displaying functional connectivity (FC) alterations in multiple brain networks, although the neurological basis of this association is unknown. Methods: We performed resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging and network-wise analysis of FC in migraine patients with and without RLS and healthy controls (CRL). Network-based statistics (NBS) and composite FC matrix analyses were performed to identify the patterns of FC changes...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439328/impact-of-total-knee-arthroplasty-with-general-anesthesia-on-brain-networks-cognitive-efficiency-and-ventricular-volume-predict-functional-connectivity-decline-in-older-adults
#6
Haiqing Huang, Jared Tanner, Hari Parvataneni, Mark Rice, Ann Horgas, Mingzhou Ding, Catherine Price
 Using resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging (RS-fMRI), we explored: 1) pre- to post-operative changes in functional connectivity in default mode, salience, and central executive networks after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) with general anesthesia, and 2) the contribution of cognitive/brain reserve metrics these resting state functional declines. Individuals age 60 and older electing unilateral total knee arthroplasty (TKA; n = 48) and non-surgery peers with osteoarthritis (n = 45) completed baseline cognitive testing and baseline and post-surgery (post-baseline, 48-h post-surgery) brain MRI...
2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438421/a-parallel-spatiotemporal-saliency-and-discriminative-online-learning-method-for-visual-target-tracking-in-aerial-videos
#7
Amirhossein Aghamohammadi, Mei Choo Ang, Elankovan A Sundararajan, Ng Kok Weng, Marzieh Mogharrebi, Seyed Yashar Banihashem
Visual tracking in aerial videos is a challenging task in computer vision and remote sensing technologies due to appearance variation difficulties. Appearance variations are caused by camera and target motion, low resolution noisy images, scale changes, and pose variations. Various approaches have been proposed to deal with appearance variation difficulties in aerial videos, and amongst these methods, the spatiotemporal saliency detection approach reported promising results in the context of moving target detection...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436054/sensorimotor-network-alterations-in-children-and-youth-with-prenatal-alcohol-exposure
#8
Xiangyu Long, Graham Little, Christian Beaulieu, Catherine Lebel
Children with prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) often have impaired sensorimotor function. While altered brain structure has been noted in sensorimotor areas, the functional brain alterations remain unclear. This study aims to investigate sensorimotor brain networks in children and youth with PAE using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI). A parcellation-based network analysis was performed to identify brain networks related to hand/lower limb and face/upper limb function in 59 children and youth with PAE and 50 typically developing controls...
February 12, 2018: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435706/detail-enhanced-multimodality-medical-image-fusion-based-on-gradient-minimization-smoothing-filter-and-shearing-filter
#9
Xingbin Liu, Wenbo Mei, Huiqian Du
In this paper, a detail-enhanced multimodality medical image fusion algorithm is proposed by using proposed multi-scale joint decomposition framework (MJDF) and shearing filter (SF). The MJDF constructed with gradient minimization smoothing filter (GMSF) and Gaussian low-pass filter (GLF) is used to decompose source images into low-pass layers, edge layers, and detail layers at multiple scales. In order to highlight the detail information in the fused image, the edge layer and the detail layer in each scale are weighted combined into a detail-enhanced layer...
February 13, 2018: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434560/gaze-behavior-in-a-natural-environment-with-a-task-relevant-distractor-how-the-presence-of-a-goalkeeper-distracts-the-penalty-taker
#10
Johannes Kurz, Mathias Hegele, Jörn Munzert
Gaze behavior in natural scenes has been shown to be influenced not only by top-down factors such as task demands and action goals but also by bottom-up factors such as stimulus salience and scene context. Whereas gaze behavior in the context of static pictures emphasizes spatial accuracy, gazing in natural scenes seems to rely more on where to direct the gaze involving both anticipative components and an evaluation of ongoing actions. Not much is known about gaze behavior in far-aiming tasks in which multiple task-relevant targets and distractors compete for the allocation of visual attention via gaze...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430771/factors-associated-with-romantic-relationship-formation-difficulties-in-women-with-breast-cancer
#11
L-K Shaw, K A Sherman, J Fitness, E Elder
OBJECTIVE: Many un-partnered women report difficulty in forming romantic relationships after breast cancer, characterized by high dating-related anxiety and low perceived interpersonal competence. This study examined the relationship between poor body image (appearance investment and body dissatisfaction) and self-compassion, and women's ability to form romantic relationships post-breast cancer. METHODS: Women (N=152) diagnosed with breast cancer, who were either un-partnered and expressed interest in romantic dating, or who had commenced a relationship post-diagnosis, completed an online survey...
February 12, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423999/electrophysiological-evidence-of-low-salience-distractor-interference-during-visual-search
#12
Ulysse Fortier-Gauthier, Pierre Jolicœur
Visual search displays often include distractors of lesser salience in addition to a target and one or more salient distractors. We investigated low salience distractor effects on the N2pc, an ERP component indexing the deployment of attention, and the Ptc, a component purported to reflect attentional disengagement. We hypothesized that salient distractors pull the attentional focus away from the target, which could lead to increased attentional processing of low salience distractors close to the target and salient distractor...
February 9, 2018: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423131/oscillatory-rhythm-of-reward-anticipation-and-processing-of-rewards-in-children-with-and-without-autism
#13
Katherine Kuhl-Meltzoff Stavropoulos, Leslie J Carver
Background: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a complex neurodevelopmental condition, and multiple theories have emerged concerning core social deficits. While the social motivation hypothesis proposes that deficits in the social reward system cause individuals with ASD to engage less in social interaction, the overly intense world hypothesis (sensory over-responsivity) proposes that individuals with ASD find stimuli to be too intense and may have hypersensitivity to social interaction, leading them to avoid these interactions...
2018: Molecular Autism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422882/disrupted-brain-intrinsic-networks-and-executive-dysfunction-in-cirrhotic-patients-without-overt-hepatic-encephalopathy
#14
Zhe-Ting Yang, Hua-Jun Chen, Qiu-Feng Chen, Hailong Lin
Objective: Patients with cirrhosis often exhibit cognitive deficits, particularly executive dysfunction, which is considered a predictor of overt hepatic encephalopathy (OHE). We examined brain intrinsic networks associated with executive function to investigate the neural basis of this cognitive deficiency in cirrhosis. Methods: Resting-state functional MRI data were acquired from 20 cirrhotic patients and 18 healthy controls. Seed-based correlation analysis was used to identify the three well-known networks associated with executive function, including executive control (ECN), default mode (DMN), and salience (SN) networks...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422088/associations-of-bcl-2-rs956572-genotype-groups-in-the-structural-covariance-network-in-early-stage-alzheimer-s-disease
#15
Chiung-Chih Chang, Ya-Ting Chang, Chi-Wei Huang, Shih-Jen Tsai, Shih-Wei Hsu, Shu-Hua Huang, Chen-Chang Lee, Wen-Neng Chang, Chun-Chung Lui, Chia-Yi Lien
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a complex neurodegenerative disease, and genetic differences may mediate neuronal degeneration. In humans, a single-nucleotide polymorphism in the B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia/lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) gene, rs956572, has been found to significantly modulate Bcl-2 protein expression in the brain. The Bcl-2 AA genotype has been associated with reduced Bcl-2 levels and lower gray matter volume in healthy populations. We hypothesized that different Bcl-2 genotype groups may modulate large-scale brain networks that determine neurobehavioral test scores...
February 8, 2018: Alzheimer's Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415710/maternal-mental-health-priorities-help-seeking-behaviors-and-resources-in-post-conflict-settings-a-qualitative-study-in-eastern-uganda
#16
Wietse A Tol, BreeOna Ebrecht, Rebecca Aiyo, Sarah M Murray, Amanda J Nguyen, Brandon A Kohrt, Sheila Ndyanabangi, Stephen Alderman, Seggane Musisi, Juliet Nakku
BACKGROUND: Limited knowledge exists to inform the selection and introduction of locally relevant, feasible, and effective mental health interventions in diverse socio-cultural contexts and health systems. We examined stakeholders' perspectives on mental health-related priorities, help-seeking behaviors, and existing resources to guide the development of a maternal mental health component for integration into non-specialized care in Soroti, eastern Uganda. METHODS: We employed rapid ethnographic methods (free listing and ranking; semi-structured interviews; key informant interviews and pile sorting) with community health workers (n = 24), primary health workers (n = 26), perinatal women (n = 24), traditional and religious healers (n = 10), and mental health specialists (n = 9)...
February 7, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415238/new-approaches-to-ranking-countries-for-the-allocation-of-development-assistance-for-health-choices-indicators-and-implications
#17
Trygve Ottersen, Karen A Grépin, Klara Henderson, Crossley Beth Pinkstaff, Ole Frithjof Norheim, John-Arne Røttingen
The distributions of income and health within and across countries are changing. This challenges the way donors allocate development assistance for health (DAH) and particularly the role of gross national income per capita (GNIpc) in classifying countries to determine whether countries are eligible to receive assistance and how much they receive. Informed by a literature review and stakeholder consultations and interviews, we developed a stepwise approach to the design and assessment of country classification frameworks for the allocation of DAH, with emphasis on critical value choices...
February 1, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414421/negotiating-home-base-narratives-of-psychological-well-being-among-female-military-members
#18
Natalie P Mota, Maria Medved, Diane Hiebert-Murphy, Debbie Whitney, Jitender Sareen
The current study aimed to understand how active duty service women with low levels of current psychological distress make sense of their military experiences in ways that might contribute to psychological well-being. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with active duty female members in the Canadian Forces and transcripts were analyzed using narrative analysis. A sense of belonging was found to be of utmost salience to the women, with several participants negotiating and constructing places that felt like home to them, and with different degrees of attachment to the military versus civilian world...
February 3, 2018: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414144/view-dependent-accuracy-in-body-mass-judgements-of-female-bodies
#19
Piers L Cornelissen, Katri K Cornelissen, Victoria Groves, Kristofor McCarty, Martin J Tovée
A fundamental issue in testing body image perception is how to present the test stimuli. Previous studies have almost exclusively used images of bodies viewed in front-view, but this potentially obscures key visual cues used to judge adiposity reducing the ability to make accurate judgements. A potential solution is to use a three-quarter view, which combines visual cues to body fat that can be observed in front and profile. To test this hypothesis, 20 female observers completed a 2-alternative forced choice paradigm to determine the smallest difference in body fat detectable in female bodies in front, three-quarter, and profile view...
January 31, 2018: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412007/eye-tracking-as-a-marker-of-hyperphagia-in-prader-willi-syndrome
#20
Alexandra P Key, Elisabeth M Dykens
This study examined the feasibility of eye tracking measures as markers of hyperphagia in 42 children and adults with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS). Gaze data collected during free visual exploration of complex displays revealed that food images may not have an overall superior salience in PWS. However, increased attention to food in the context of other high-interest items was associated with higher scores on caregiver reports of hyperphagia. The study also provided preliminary evidence of test-retest reliability of eye tracking measures, suggesting that gaze characteristics may be a promising objective marker of food-related interests in PWS...
February 7, 2018: Developmental Neuropsychology
keyword
keyword
9067
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"