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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656429/citalopram-attenuated-neurobehavioral-biochemical-and-metabolic-alterations-in-transient-middle-cerebral-artery-occlusion-model-of-stroke-in-male-wistar-rats
#1
Sangeetha Gupta, Deepti Upadhayay, Uma Sharma, Naranamangalam R Jagannathan, Yogendra Kumar Gupta
Oxidative stress and inflammation are implicated as cardinal mechanisms of neuronal death following stroke. In the present study citalopram (Cit) was investigated in a 2 h middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAo) model of stroke in male Wistar rats. Pretreatment, posttreatment (Post Cit) and pre plus posttreatment (Pre + Post Cit) with Cit were evaluated for its neuroprotective effect. In pretreatment protocol, effect of Cit at three doses (2, 4, and 8 mg/kg) administered i.p., 1 h prior to MCAo was evaluated using neurological deficit score (NDS), motor deficit paradigms, and cerebral infarction 24 h post-MCAo...
April 15, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656315/acamprosate-protects-against-adjuvant-induced-arthritis-in-rats-via-blocking-the-erk-mapk-and-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathway
#2
Jun Pan, Rilong Jin, Miaoda Shen, Ronghuan Wu, Sanzhong Xu
Osteoarthritis is a type of joint disease that results from the breakdown of joint cartilage and underlying bone and is believed to be caused by mechanical stress on the joint and low-grade inflammatory processes. Acamprosate significantly ameliorates the pathological features of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis due to its anti-inflammatory effect. The aims of the present study were to investigate the anti-arthritis activities of acamprosate and elucidate the underlying mechanisms. Adjuvant-induced arthritis (AIA) was induced by intradermal injection of complete Freund's adjuvant...
April 14, 2018: Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656312/evaluation-of-taurine-neuroprotection-in-aged-rats-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#3
Raeesa Gupte, Sarah Christian, Paul Keselman, Joshua Habiger, William M Brooks, Janna L Harris
Despite higher rates of hospitalization and mortality following traumatic brain injury (TBI) in patients over 65 years old, older patients remain underrepresented in drug development studies. Worse outcomes in older individuals compared to younger adults could be attributed to exacerbated injury mechanisms including oxidative stress, inflammation, blood-brain barrier disruption, and bioenergetic dysfunction. Accordingly, pleiotropic treatments are attractive candidates for neuroprotection. Taurine, an endogenous amino acid with antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-apoptotic, osmolytic, and neuromodulator effects, is neuroprotective in adult rats with TBI...
April 14, 2018: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656211/esculetin-from-fraxinus-rhynchophylla-attenuates-atopic-skin-inflammation-by-inhibiting-the-expression-of-inflammatory-cytokines
#4
Na-Hee Jeong, Eun-Ju Yang, Meiling Jin, Jong Yeong Lee, Young-Ae Choi, Pil-Hoon Park, Sang-Rae Lee, Sun-Uk Kim, Tae-Yong Shin, Taeg Kyu Kwon, Yong Hyun Jang, Kyung-Sik Song, Sang-Hyun Kim
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common chronic inflammatory skin disorder afflicting from infancy to adults with itching, scratching, and lichenification. We aimed to investigate the effects of esculetin from Fraxinus rhynchophylla on atopic skin inflammation. For induction of atopic skin inflammation, we exposed the ears of female BALB/c mice to house dust mite (Dermatophagoides farinae extract, DFE) and 2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB) for 4 weeks. Oral administration of esculetin reduced the symptoms of DFE/DNCB-induced atopic skin inflammation, which were evaluated based on ear swelling and number of scratch bouts...
April 12, 2018: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656210/micheliolide-alleviates-hepatic-steatosis-in-db-db-mice-by-inhibiting-inflammation-and-promoting-autophagy-via-ppar-%C3%AE-mediated-nf-%C3%B0%C2%BAb-and-ampk-mtor-signaling
#5
Juan Zhong, Wangqiu Gong, Jing Chen, Yao Qing, Shuyue Wu, Hongbei Li, Chunxi Huang, Yihua Chen, Yuxian Wang, Zhaozhong Xu, Wenting Liu, HongYu Li, Haibo Long
The anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, and anticancer effects of micheliolide (MCL) isolated from Michelia champaca were previously reported, but its role and underlying mechanisms in relieving liver steatosis remain unclear. Herein, we investigated the effects of MCL on hepatic steatosis using a db/db mouse model and lipid mixture (LM)-induced AML12 and LO2 cells. The body and liver weights, food consumption, lipid content and liver aminotransferase levels in serum, the lipid content and inflammatory cytokine levels in liver tissue, and the extent of hepatic steatosis in db/db mice were increased compared with those in db/m mice, and these increases were reversed by MCL treatment...
April 12, 2018: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656117/baicalin-modulates-the-treg-teff-balance-to-alleviate-uveitis-by-activating-the-aryl-hydrocarbon-receptor
#6
Wenjie Zhu, Xiaoqing Chen, Jianfeng Yu, Yichen Xiao, Yingqi Li, Shangtao Wan, Wenru Su, Dan Liang
Autoimmune uveitis is a sight-threatening ocular inflammatory disorder. Immunological inflammation is regarded as the key to pathogenesis in autoimmune uveitis. Baicalin, the major bioactive component of Scutellaria baicalensis, possesses immunomodulatory properties. However, the role of baicalin in uveitis and its underlying mechanisms remain unclear. In the current study, we found that baicalin treatment obviously inhibited the intraocular inflammatory process in mice with experimental autoimmune uveitis, along with clear declines in infiltrated inflammatory cells and inflammatory cytokine transcription in the retina and draining lymph nodes...
April 12, 2018: Biochemical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656073/protective-therapeutic-effects-of-peptide-nanofiber-and-hyaluronic-acid-hybrid-membrane-in-in-vivo-osteoarthritis-model
#7
Elif Arslan, Melis Sardan Ekiz, Cagla Eren Cimenci, Nuray Can, M Hanifi Gemci, Huseyin Ozkan, Mustafa O Guler, Ayse B Tekinay
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a condition where tissue function is lost through a combination of secondary inflammation and deterioration in articular cartilage. One of the most common causes of OA is age-related tissue impairment because of wear and tear due to mechanical erosion. Hyaluronic acid-based viscoelastic supplements have been widely used for the treatment of knee injuries. However, the current formulations of hyaluronic acid are unable to provide efficient healing and recovery. Here, a nanofiber-hyaluronic acid membrane system that was prepared by using a quarter of the concentration of commercially available hyaluronic acid supplement, Hyalgan® , was used for the treatment of an osteoarthritis model, and Synvisc® , which is another commercially available hyaluronic acid containing viscoelastic supplement, was used as a control...
April 12, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655793/inhibition-of-nlrp9b-attenuates-acute-lung-injury-through-suppressing-inflammation-apoptosis-and-oxidative-stress-in-murine-and-cell-models
#8
Qiu Yanling, Cheng Xiaoning, Bai Fei, Fang Liyun, Hu Huizhong, Sun Daqing
Acute lung injury (ALI), known a severe disease along with high morbidity and mortality, is lacking of specific therapies. Inflammation, apoptosis and oxidative stress are critical pathologies that contribute to ALI. Recently, there is study indicated that NLRP9b, a NOD-like receptor (NLR) member, is critical in modulation of inflammatory response. However, the effects of NLRP9b on sepsis-associated ALI, and the underlying molecular mechanism have not been understood. In the present study, the wild type (WT) and NLRP9b-knockout (NLRP9b-/- ) mice with C57B/L6 background were subjected to a cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) for ALI murine model establishment...
April 12, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655702/4-2-4-chlorophenyl-1-4-chlorophenyl-amino-ethyl-benzene-1-3-diol-is-a-potential-agent-for-gout-therapy-as-a-dual-inhibitor-of-xod-and-nlrp3
#9
Mengze Zhou, Suning Li, Ling Song, Qinghua Hu, Wentao Liu
BACKGOUND: Gout is an inflammatory arthritis characterized by abrupt self-limiting attacks of inflammation caused by precipitation of monosodium urate crystals (MSU) in the joint. Both anti-hyperuricemia and anti-inflammation could be gout therapeutic strategies, whereas ideal drugs for gout treatment are deficient. PURPOSE: 4-(2-(4-chlorophenyl)-1-((4-chlorophenyl)amino)ethyl)benzene-1, 3-diol (CBED) was obtained from a cluster of deoxybenzoins derivatives synthesized by our research group with potent anti-hyperuricemic and anti-inflammatory activities, which was expected to be a dual inhibitor of xanthine oxidase (XOD) and NOD-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3)...
March 15, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655692/effects-of-xin-ji-er-kang-on-heart-failure-induced-by-myocardial-infarction-role-of-inflammation-oxidative-stress-and-endothelial-dysfunction
#10
Juan Hu, Pan Cheng, Guang-Yao Huang, Guo-Wei Cai, Feng-Zhen Lian, Xiao-Yun Wang, Shan Gao
BACKGROUND: Xin-Ji-Er-Kang (XJEK) is a Chinese herbal formula, which has been reported to exert effective protection on cardiovascular diseases like hypertension and myocarditis. PURPOSE: To elucidate the protective effects of XJEK on heart failure (HF) induced by myocardial infarction (MI) through the amelioration of inflammation, oxidative stress (OS) and endothelial dysfunction(ED). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-seven male KM mice were randomized into the following six groups (n = 9-10 for each): control group, model group, MI+XJEK low dose group(XJEKL) group, MI+XJEK middle dose group(XJEKM), MI+XJEK high dose group(XJEKH), and MI+fosinopril group (positive control group)...
March 15, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655679/the-extract-of-polygoni-cuspidati-rhizoma-et-radix-suppresses-the-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-induced-angiogenesis
#11
Wei-Hui Hu, Gallant Kar-Lun Chan, Jian-Shu Lou, Qi-Yun Wu, Huai-You Wang, Ran Duan, Michael Yu-Tung Cheng, Tina Ting-Xia Dong, Karl Wah-Keung Tsim
BACKGROUND: Polygoni Cuspidati Rhizoma et Radix (PCRR; the root and rhizome of Polygonum cuspidatum Sieb. et Zucc) is a traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of inflammation, hyperlipemia, favus, jaundice and scald. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE: The extract of PCRR inhibits vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-induced angiogenesis. The hypothesis is supported by analysis of PCRR extract and investigation of pharmacological role and signaling mechanism of PCRR extract in regulating angiogenic responses...
March 15, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655677/an-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-study-of-a-4-herb-formula-on-the-management-of-diet-induced-metabolic-syndrome
#12
Elaine Wat, Yanping Wang, Ken Chan, Hon Wai Law, Chi Man Koon, Kit Man Lau, Ping Chung Leung, Choly Yan, Clara Bik San Lau
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome is the cluster of risk factors that leads to increased episodes of cardiovascular disease (CVD). These risk factors include but are not limited to obesity, non-alcoholic fatty liver (NAFLD), dyslipidemia, and type 2 diabetes. Since the pathogenesis of metabolic syndrome has multiple metabolic origins, there is no single treatment for it. Pharmacological approaches consist of separate drugs which target at individual risk factors which pose various side effects...
March 15, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655676/protective-effect-of-juglans-regia-l-against-ultraviolet-b-radiation-induced-inflammatory-responses-in-human-epidermal-keratinocytes
#13
Umar Muzaffer, V I Paul, Nagarajan Rajendra Prasad, Ramasamy Karthikeyan, Balupillai Agilan
BACKGROUND: Juglans regia L. has a history of traditional medicinal use for the treatment of various maladies and have been documented with significant antioxidant and antiinflammatory properties. Although all parts of the plant are medicinally important, but male the flower of the plant has not been yet investigated against the photo-damage. PURPOSE: The present study, we sought to determine the photoprotective effect of the male flower of J. regia L. against ultraviolet-B radiation-induced inflammatory responses in human skin cells...
March 15, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655675/eupatilin-suppresses-the-allergic-inflammatory-response-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#14
Eun-Hye Song, Kyung-Sook Chung, Yun-Mi Kang, Jong-Hyun Lee, Minho Lee, Hyo-Jin An
INTRODUCTION: Eupatilin, a pharmacologically active ingredient found in Artemisia asiatica, has been reported to have anti-oxidative, anti-inflammatory, and anti-apoptotic activities. However, molecular mechanisms underlying its anti-allergic properties are not yet clear. In this study, we investigated the effects of eupatilin on allergic inflammation in phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate plus calcium ionophore A23187 (PMACI)-stimulated human mast cells and a compound 48/80-induced anaphylactic shock model...
March 15, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655639/glia-maturation-factor-beta-is-required-for-reactive-gliosis-after-traumatic-brain-injury-in-zebrafish
#15
Guo Yin, Mingjun Du, Rong Li, Ke Li, Xiaomin Huang, Dongbei Duan, Xiaolan Ai, Fang Yao, Lanlan Zhang, Ziyou Hu, Bingyi Wu
Gliosis is a hallmark of neural pathology that occurs after most forms of central nervous system (CNS) injuries including traumatic brain injury (TBI). Identification of genes that control gliosis may provide novel treatment targets for patients with diverse CNS injuries. Glia maturation factor beta (GMFB) is crucial in brain development and stress response. In the present study, GMFB was found to be widely expressed in adult zebrafish telencephalon. A gmfb mutant zebrafish was created using CRISPR/cas9. In the uninjured zebrafish telencephalon, glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) fibers in gmfb mutants were disorganized and shorter than wild type zebrafish...
April 12, 2018: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655629/intramuscular-vaccination-of-guinea-pigs-with-the-live-attenuated-human-herpes-simplex-vaccine-vc2-stimulates-a-transcriptional-profile-of-vaginal-th17-and-regulatory-tr1-responses
#16
Brent A Stanfield, Paul J F Rider, John Caskey, Fabio Del Piero, Konstantin G Kousoulas
Herpes simplex virus is a common causative agent of oral and genital diseases. Novel vaccines and therapeutics are needed to combat herpes infections especially after the failure of subunit vaccines in human clinical trials. We have shown that the live-attenuated HSV-1 VC2 vaccine strain is unable to establish latency in vaccinated animals and produces a robust immune response capable of completely protecting mice against lethal vaginal HSV-1 or HSV-2 infections. The guinea pig represents the best small animal model of genital HSV-2 disease...
April 11, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655588/resident-and-monocyte-derived-langerhans-cells-are-required-for-imiquimod-induced-psoriasis-like-dermatitis-model
#17
Minseok Lee, Sung Hee Kim, Tae-Gyun Kim, Jeyun Park, Jae Won Lee, Min-Geol Lee
BACKGROUND: Langerhans cells (LCs) are dendritic cells that reside in the epidermis and local inflammation results in an increased differentiation of monocyte-derived LCs. Only few studies have investigated on the role of LCs in psoriasis-like dermatitis model, but the results are variable and the exact role of LCs in psoriasis model remains to be elucidated. OBJECTIVE: To explore the functional role of resident (rLCs) and monocyte-derived LCs (mLCs) in imiquimod (IMQ)-induced psoriasis-like inflammation using human Langerin-diphtheria toxin subunit A (huLang-DTA) mice...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Dermatological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655569/activation-of-the-porcine-alveolar-macrophages-via-toll-like-receptor-4-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-mediated-pathway-provides-a-mechanism-of-resistin-leading-to-inflammation
#18
Bi Li, Jing Fang, Zhicai Zuo, Sirui Yin, Tingting He, Mingxian Yang, Junliang Deng, Liuhong Shen, Xiaoping Ma, Shumin Yu, Ya Wang, Zhihua Ren, Hengmin Cui
Resistin, a previously discovered cysteine-rich adipokine known to regulate glucose metabolism, has been emerged as a mediator in inflammation and immunity. Its level was supposed to be related to the expression of indicators, such as interleukin-1β (IL-1β), IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in inflammation. Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) was reported to be a receptor for resistin in cells, like leukocytes and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). However, the pro-inflammatory role of resistin and its intracellular mechanisms in alveolar macrophages have not been thoroughly validated...
April 11, 2018: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655492/isolated-acute-appendicitis-caused-by-aspergillus-in-a-patient-who-underwent-lung-transplantation-a-case-report
#19
H S Kim, H J Yeo, D H Shin, W H Cho, D Kim
Invasive aspergillosis is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in patients who have undergone lung transplantation. Aspergillus infections usually involve the respiratory tract, with vascular invasion and subsequent dissemination. However, acute appendicitis associated with localized aspergillosis is rare, especially among patients who have undergone prophylaxis with voriconazole. We present a case of primary Aspergillus appendicitis diagnosed by histologic examination in a patient who underwent lung transplantation...
April 11, 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655462/obesity-thrombotic-risk-and-inflammation-in-cancer
#20
Benjamín Rubio-Jurado, Luz-Ma-Adriana Balderas-Peña, Eduardo E García-Luna, María G Zavala-Cerna, Carlos Riebeling-Navarro, Pedro A Reyes, Arnulfo H Nava-Zavala
Neoplasms exhibits a high incidence and mortality rates due to their complex and commonly overlapping clinical, biochemical, and morphologic profiles influenced by acquired or inherited molecular abnormalities, cell of origin, and level of differentiation. Obesity appears related to ~20% of cancers including endometrial, esophageal, colorectal, postmenopausal breast, prostate, and renal. Several factors other than obesity, i.e., insulin, insulin-like growth factor, sexual hormones, and adipokines may play a potential role in neoplasia...
2018: Advances in Clinical Chemistry
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