keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Acute meningitis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726607/acute-febrile-illness-and-complications-due-to-murine-typhus-texas-usa1-2
#1
Zeeshan Afzal, Sunand Kallumadanda, Feng Wang, Vagish Hemmige, Daniel Musher
Murine typhus occurs relatively commonly in southern Texas, as well as in California. We reviewed records of 90 adults and children in whom murine typhus was diagnosed during a 3-year period in 2 hospitals in southern Texas, USA. Most patients lacked notable comorbidities; all were immunocompetent. Initial signs and symptoms included fever (99%), malaise (82%), headache (77%), fatigue (70%), myalgias (68%), and rash (39%). Complications, often severe, in 28% of patients included bronchiolitis, pneumonia, meningitis, septic shock, cholecystitis, pancreatitis, myositis, and rhabdomyolysis; the last 3 are previously unreported in murine typhus...
August 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724598/cystometrography-of-meningitis-retention-syndrome
#2
Yuji Tanaka, Kazuo Satomi
Although the combination of acute urinary retention and aseptic meningitis has not been well recognised, this combination can be referred to as meningitis-retention syndrome (MRS). We report a case of MRS with urodynamic follow-up. A 29-year-old man developed fever and headache, and after 7 days, he developed sudden urinary retention. Neurological examination indicated stiff neck, hyper-reflexes of the lower extremities. Cerebrospinal fluid examination showed mononuclear leucocytosis, increased protein level...
July 19, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718069/neurological-involvement-in-patients-with-acute-recent-hiv-1-infection-a-case-control-study
#3
Juan Ambrosioni, Francisca Artigues, David Nicolás, Judit Peñafiel, Fernando Agüero, Christian Manzardo, María Mar Mosquera, Sonsoles Sánchez-Palomino, Elisa De Lazzari, María A Marcos, Montserrat Plana, José M Miró
Primary HIV-1 infection is a relevant period for its virological and epidemiological consequences. Most patients present a symptomatic disease that can be potentially serious, but neurological involvement during primary HIV-1 infection has been poorly studied. The aim of this study was to describe the characteristics and outcomes of primary HIV-1 infection patients presenting neurological symptoms and to compare them with primary HIV-1 infection patients without neurological involvement. Retrospective case-control study (1:3) comparing primary HIV-1 infection patients with and without neurological involvement enrolled in the Acute/Recent Hospital Clinic PHI Cohort between 1997 and 2016...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Neurovirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706510/natural-killer-cell-functions-during-the-innate-immune-response-to-pathogenic-streptococci
#4
Paul Lemire, Tristan Galbas, Jacques Thibodeau, Mariela Segura
Dendritic cells (DCs) and NK cells play a crucial role in the first phase of host defense against infections. Group B Streptococcus (GBS) and Streptococcus suis are encapsulated streptococci causing severe systemic inflammation, leading to septicemia and meningitis. Yet, the involvement of NK cells in the innate immune response to encapsulated bacterial infection is poorly characterized. Here, it was observed that these two streptococcal species rapidly induce the release of IFN-γ and that NK cells are the major cell type responsible for this production during the acute phase of the infection...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705427/invasive-disease-by-streptococcus-pyogenes-patients-hospitalized-for-6-years
#5
Vanessa Arias-Constantí, Victoria Trenchs-Sainz de la Maza, Nuria Elvira Sanz-Marcos, Carmina Guitart-Pardellans, Amadeu Gené-Giralt, Carles Luaces-Cubells
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: The last years an increase of severe cases of invasive disease (ID) due to Streptococcus pyogenes or streptococcus b-hemolytic group A (SGA) had been detected. The aim of this study was to analyze the epidemiology and the clinical features of ID due to SGA in a tertiary Pediatric Hospital. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective study in a Pediatric hospital, of all in-patients with final diagnosis of ID due to SGA during 6 years (2009-2014)...
July 10, 2017: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705180/etiology-and-prognosis-of-acute-viral-encephalitis-and-meningitis-in-chinese-children-a-multicentre-prospective-study
#6
Junhong Ai, Zhengde Xie, Gang Liu, Zongbo Chen, Yong Yang, Yuning Li, Jing Chen, Guo Zheng, Kunling Shen
BACKGROUND: In China, there were few studies about the pathogens of acute viral encephalitis and meningitis in children in recent years. The aims of this study were to characterize the etiology and prognosis of acute viral encephalitis and meningitis in Chinese children. METHODS: This was a multicentre prospective study. Two hundred and sixty one viral encephalitis patients and 285 viral meningitis patients were enrolled. The mean age of viral encephalitis and meningitis were 5...
July 14, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702154/a-case-report-on-late-presentation-of-occult-dural-lesions
#7
Timothy J Cochrane, Gurpreet Singh Ranger
BACKGROUND: Occult dural injuries are rare and can occur as a result of major or minor head injury. These injuries usually manifest with cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea alone, or with meningitis and cerebral abscess, sometimes many years after the original injury. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case of occult dural injury with endocranial complications which occurred in a 34 year old man, with a history of head injury forty-three years ago. The patient presented with a triad of findings; meningitis, CSF rhinorrhoea and pneumocephalus...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693588/cxcl11-production-in-cerebrospinal-fluid-distinguishes-herpes-simplex-meningitis-from-herpes-simplex-encephalitis
#8
Liza Lind, Marie Studahl, Linn Persson Berg, Kristina Eriksson
BACKGROUND: The closely related herpes simplex viruses 1 and 2 can cause inflammations of the central nervous system (CNS), where type 1 most often manifest as encephalitis (HSE), and type 2 as meningitis (HSM). HSE is associated with severe neurological complications, while HSM is benign in adults. We proposed that studying the chemokine and cytokine production in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and serum could indicate why two closely related viruses exhibit different severity of their accompanied CNS inflammation...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685132/complementary-examinations-other-than-neuroimaging-and-neurosonology-in-acute-stroke
#9
REVIEW
Adrià Arboix, Víctor Obach, Maria José Sánchez, Joan Massons
The etiologic diagnosis of cerebrovascular diseases requires non-routine complementary examinations to be performed. Thus, in specific cases, after neuroimaging (computed tomography/magnetic resonance imaging cerebral scan sequences) and neurosonology (Doppler test of the supra-aortic trunks, transcranial echography and echocardiography), which academically allow us to classify the patients according to their etiologic stroke subtype, further examinations must be used to make a correct etiologic diagnostic...
June 16, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674823/comparison-of-scrub-typhus-with-and-without-meningitis
#10
Winsley Rose, Urmi Ghosh, Anu Punnen, Rajiv Sarkar, John Jude Antony Prakash, Valsan Philip Verghese
OBJECTIVE: To compare the children admitted with scrub typhus with and without meningitis. METHODS: All children admitted with scrub typhus over a 62 mo period were reviewed. Statistical analysis was performed to compare those with and without meningitis for demographic, clinical, investigations and outcome parameters. RESULTS: Four hundred twenty seven children were admitted with scrub typhus and 63 (14.8%) had meningitis. The mean cerebrospinal fluid white blood cell (CSF WBC) count was 71 cells/cu...
July 4, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664412/early-use-of-ceftaroline-fosamil-in-the-united-states-veterans-health-care-system
#11
Rachel S Britt, Kirk E Evoy, Grace C Lee, Kelly R Reveles, Kimberly M Sorensen, Xavier Jones, Mary Bollinger, Christopher R Frei
BACKGROUND: Ceftaroline fosamil is US Food and Drug Administration-approved for acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections and community-acquired bacterial pneumonia, but it is not known how ceftaroline is being used in real-world settings or how adverse effects (AEs) and mortality compare to clinical trials. OBJECTIVE: This study describes ceftaroline use, AEs, and mortality in US Veterans Health Administration (VHA) hospital patients. METHODS: This phase IV, population-based, epidemiologic study analyzed patients ≥18 years old who received one or more ceftaroline doses within 14 days of admission to 69 VHA hospitals in 41 US states/territories from 1 October 2010 to 30 September 2014...
June 29, 2017: Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662145/prevalence-and-antibiotic-resistance-profiles-of-cerebrospinal-fluid-pathogens-in-children-with-acute-bacterial-meningitis-in-yunnan-province-china-2012-2015
#12
Hongchao Jiang, Min Su, Liyue Kui, Hailin Huang, Lijuan Qiu, Li Li, Jing Ma, Tingyi Du, Mao Fan, Qiangming Sun, Xiaomei Liu
Acute bacterial meningitis is still considered one of the most dangerous infectious diseases in children. To investigate the prevalence and antibiotic resistance profiles of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pathogens in children with acute bacterial meningitis in Southwest China, CSF samples from 179 meningitis patients (3 days to 12 years old) with positive culture results were collected from 2012 to 2015. Isolated pathogens were identified using the Vitek-32 system. Gram stain results were used to guide subcultures and susceptibility testing...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661973/determinants-of-antibiotic-tailoring-in-pediatric-intensive-care-a-national-survey
#13
Patricia S Fontela, Caroline Quach, Mohammad E Karim, Douglas F Willson, Elaine Gilfoyle, James Dayre McNally, Milagros Gonzales, Jesse Papenburg, Steven Reynolds, Jacques Lacroix
OBJECTIVES: To describe the criteria that currently guide empiric antibiotic treatment in children admitted to Canadian PICUs. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Canadian PICUs. SUBJECTS: Pediatric intensivists and pediatric infectious diseases specialists. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: We used focus groups and literature review to design the survey questions and its four clinical scenarios (sepsis, pneumonia, meningitis, and intra-abdominal infections)...
June 28, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661964/cerebrospinal-fluid-b-lymphocyte-chemoattractant-cxcl-13-in-the-diagnosis-of-acute-lyme-neuroborreliosis-in-children
#14
Bjørn Barstad, Dag Tveitnes, Sølvi Noraas, Ingvild Selvik Ask, Maryam Saeed, Franziskus Bosse, Grete Vigemyr, Ilka Huber, Knut Øymar
BACKGROUND: Current markers of Lyme neuroborreliosis (LNB) in children have insufficient sensitivity in the early stage of disease. The B-lymphocyte chemoattractant CXCL13 in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) may be useful in diagnosing LNB, but its specificity has not been evaluated in studies including children with clinically relevant differential diagnoses. The aim of this study was to elucidate the diagnostic value of CSF CXCL13 in children with symptoms suggestive of LNB. METHODS: Children with symptoms suggestive of LNB were included prospectively into predefined groups with a high or low likelihood of LNB based on CSF pleocytosis and the detection of Borrelia antibodies or other causative agents...
June 28, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652120/predictors-of-shunt-dependent-hydrocephalus-after-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Zhiyi Xie, Xin Hu, Xin Zan, Sen Lin, Hao Li, Chao You
BACKGROUND: Hydrocephalus is a well-recognized complication following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). This study aimed to identify predictors for shunt-dependent hydrocephalus (SDHC) following aSAH and via a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted using the Embase, MEDLINE, and Web of Science databases for studies pertaining to aSAH and SDHC. Risk factors were assessed by meta-analysis when they were reported by at least two studies...
June 23, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651843/-neisseria%C3%A2-meningitidis-urethritis-two-case-reports
#16
C Dubois, A-L Liegeon, C Fabbro, F Truchetet
BACKGROUND: Neisseria meningitidis (NM) is a commensal bacteria present in the oropharyngeal flora that causes invasive infections. There have been rarer reports of presence in the genital region. Herein, we present two cases of acute NM urethritis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Two men aged 30 and 31years, one of whom is homosexual and seropositive for HIV infection, presented urethral discharge which was diagnosed as acute urethritis. The unit through samples indicated the presence of NM of serogroups B and C...
June 23, 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650313/molecular-mechanisms-and-epidemiology-of-resistance-in-streptococcus-pneumoniae-in-the-middle-east-region
#17
Grace El Moujaber, Marwan Osman, Rayane Rafei, Fouad Dabboussi, Monzer Hamze
PURPOSE: Streptococcus pneumoniae is a commensal bacterium that normally colonizes the human nasopharyngeal cavity. Once disseminated, it can cause several diseases, ranging from non-invasive infections such as acute otitis media and sinusitis through to invasive infections with higher mortality, including meningitis and septicaemia. Since the identification of the first S. pneumoniae strain with decreased susceptibility to penicillin in the 1960s, antibiotic resistance among S. pneumoniae has increased disturbingly and the mechanisms of resistance have begun to unfold...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647978/-severe-cases-with-hand-foot-and-mouth-disease-data-based-on-national-pilot-hand-foot-and-mouth-disease-surveillance-system
#18
Y M Zheng, Z R Chang, L L Jiang, H Ji, G P Chen, P Luo, J J Pan, X L Tian, L L Wei, D Huo, Z P Miao, X N Zou, J H Chen, Q H Liao
Objective: To investigate the clinical severity, etiological classification and risk factors of severe cases with hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD). Methods: A total of 1 489 records on severe and fatal HFMD cases reported to the national pilot surveillance system of HFMD were used to analyze the demographic, medical treatment, etiological classification of the cases. Treatment outcome related risk factors were also studied with multi-variable stepwise logistic regression method. Results: Seven out of the 1 489 severe HFMD cases died of this disease...
June 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644255/periodic-paralysis-and-encephalopathy-as-initial-manifestations-of-graves-disease-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
Theocharis Tsironis, Athanasios Tychalas, Dimitrios Kiourtidis, Jannis Kountouras, Georgia Xiromerisiou, Jobst Rudolf, Georgia Deretzi
BACKGROUND: Thyrotoxic periodic paralysis (TPP) is an uncommon complication of Graves' disease, characterized by the triad of acute hypokalemia without total body potassium deficit, episodic muscle paralysis, and thyrotoxicosis. Graves' encephalopathy is an extremely rare form of encephalopathy associated with autoimmune thyroid disease (EAATD), characterized by neuropsychiatric symptoms, increased antithyroid antibodies and cerebrospinal fluid protein concentration, nonspecific electroencephalogram abnormalities, and cortico-responsiveness...
July 2017: Neurologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637636/epilepsy-after-cerebral-infection-review-of-the-literature-and-the-potential-for-surgery
#20
Georgia Ramantani, Hans Holthausen
The risk of unprovoked seizures in population-based cohorts of cerebral infection survivors is 7-8% in developed countries, rising to considerably higher rates in resource-poor countries. The main risk factors for epilepsy after cerebral infection, besides acute seizures, are infection-associated brain lesions and status epilepticus during the acute phase. Despite the high prevalence of pharmacoresistant epilepsies after cerebral infections, especially in patients with MRI-identifiable lesions, only a small minority undergoes epilepsy surgery...
June 1, 2017: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
keyword
keyword
90650
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"