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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632767/how-is-indonesia-coping-with-its-epidemic-of-chronic-noncommunicable-diseases-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#1
Julia Schröders, Stig Wall, Mohammad Hakimi, Fatwa Sari Tetra Dewi, Lars Weinehall, Mark Nichter, Maria Nilsson, Hari Kusnanto, Ekowati Rahajeng, Nawi Ng
BACKGROUND: Chronic noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) have emerged as a huge global health problem in low- and middle-income countries. The magnitude of the rise of NCDs is particularly visible in Southeast Asia where limited resources have been used to address this rising epidemic, as in the case of Indonesia. Robust evidence to measure growing NCD-related burdens at national and local levels and to aid national discussion on social determinants of health and intra-country inequalities is needed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582528/trends-in-obesity-and-diabetes-across-africa-from-1980-to-2014-an-analysis-of-pooled-population-based-studies
#2
(no author information available yet)
Background: : The 2016 Dar Es Salaam Call to Action on Diabetes and Other non-communicable diseases (NCDs) advocates national multi-sectoral NCD strategies and action plans based on available data and information from countries of sub-Saharan Africa and beyond. We estimated trends from 1980 to 2014 in age-standardized mean body mass index (BMI) and diabetes prevalence in these countries, in order to assess the co-progression and assist policy formulation. Methods: : We pooled data from African and worldwide population-based studies which measured height, weight and biomarkers to assess diabetes status in adults aged ≥ 18 years...
June 4, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476724/the-development-of-an-interactive-voice-response-survey-for-noncommunicable-disease-risk-factor-estimation-technical-assessment-and-cognitive-testing
#3
Dustin G Gibson, Brooke A Farrenkopf, Amanda Pereira, Alain B Labrique, George William Pariyo
BACKGROUND: The rise in mobile phone ownership in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) presents an opportunity to transform existing data collection and surveillance methods. Administering surveys via interactive voice response (IVR) technology-a mobile phone survey (MPS) method-has potential to expand the current surveillance coverage and data collection, but formative work to contextualize the survey for LMIC deployment is needed. OBJECTIVE: The primary objectives of this study were to (1) cognitively test and identify challenging questions in a noncommunicable disease (NCD) risk factor questionnaire administered via an IVR platform and (2) assess the usability of the IVR platform...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476720/moving-the-agenda-on-noncommunicable-diseases-policy-implications-of-mobile-phone-surveys-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#4
George W Pariyo, Adaeze C Wosu, Dustin G Gibson, Alain B Labrique, Joseph Ali, Adnan A Hyder
The growing burden of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), for example, cardiovascular diseases and chronic respiratory diseases, in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) presents special challenges for policy makers, due to resource constraints and lack of timely data for decision-making. Concurrently, the increasing ubiquity of mobile phones in LMICs presents possibilities for rapid collection of population-based data to inform the policy process. The objective of this paper is to highlight potential benefits of mobile phone surveys (MPS) for developing, implementing, and evaluating NCD prevention and control policies...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470072/experiences-of-patients-with-hypertension-at-primary-health-care-in-facilitating-own-lifestyle-change-of-regular-physical-exercise
#5
Nomasonto B D Magobe, Marie Poggenpoel, Chris Myburgh
BACKGROUND: Regular physical exercise is one of the lifestyle modification general measures to control the blood pressure (BP) of patients with hypertension. Globally, hypertension is considered a non-communicable disease (NCD), as well as a chronic condition of lifestyle, that contributes to the mortality rate caused by complications of cardiovascular burden of diseases. In South Africa, NCDs account for nearly 40% of adult deaths, with a high prevalence among black people in urban areas such as Soweto...
April 26, 2017: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468070/-on-national-demonstration-areas-a-cluster-analysis
#6
F Mao, Y Y Jiang, W L Dong, N Ji, J Q Dong
Objective: To understand the 'backward' provinces and the relatively poor work among the construction of National Demonstration Area, so as to promote communication and future visions among different regions. Methods: Methods on Cluster analysis were used to compare the development of National Demonstration Area in different provinces, including the coverage of National Demonstration Area and the scores of non-communicable disease (NCDs) prevention and control work based on a standardized indicating system...
April 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444007/prevalence-of-risk-factors-for-noncommunicable-diseases-in-an-indigenous-community-in-santiago-atitl%C3%A3-n-guatemala
#7
David Chen, Álvaro Rivera-Andrade, Jessica González, David Burt, Carlos Mendoza-Montano, James Patrie, Max Luna
Objective: To describe the prevalence of noncommunicable disease (NCD) risk factors and assess knowledge of those risk factors in the indigenous community of Santiago Atitlán in Guatemala, a lower-middle income country. Methods: A population-based, cross-sectional study was conducted using a modified version of the World Health Organization's STEPS protocol. Adults aged 20-65 years were surveyed regarding demographics and NCD risk factors, and the survey was followed by anthropometric and biochemical measurements...
April 20, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438177/responding-to-non-communicable-diseases-in-zambia-a-policy-analysis
#8
Mulenga M Mukanu, Joseph Mumba Zulu, Chrispin Mweemba, Wilbroad Mutale
BACKGROUND: Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are an emerging global health concern. Reports have shown that, in Zambia, NCDs are also an emerging problem and the government has begun initiating a policy response. The present study explores the policy response to NCDs by the Ministry of Health in Zambia using the policy triangle framework of Walt and Gilson. METHODS: A qualitative approach was used for the study. Data collected through key informant interviews with stakeholders who were involved in the NCD health policy development process as well as review of key planning and policy documents were analysed using thematic analysis...
April 24, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399833/a-comparison-of-dalys-for-periodontal-disease-in-china-between-1990-and-2013-insights-from-the-2013-global-burden-of-disease-study
#9
Qi Zhang, Zhixin Li, Chunxiao Wang, Yunning Liu, Yang Yang, Scottie Bussell, Maigeng Zhou, Linhong Wang
BACKGROUND: China has undergone a rapid demographic and epidemiological transition with fast ecomonic development since the 1980s. Oral health is becoming a major public health problem as the prevalence of non-communicable diseases has greatly increased. Periodontal disease (PD) and caries are among the most prevalent oral diseases. PD accounts for the majority of tooth loss and increases with age. China's third national epidemiological investigation on oral diseases (2005) revealed that periodontitis affected >50% of the adult population...
April 11, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395951/prevalence-and-determinants-of-comorbid-diabetes-and-hypertension-evidence-from-non-communicable-disease-risk-factor-steps-survey-india
#10
Jaya Prasad Tripathy, J S Thakur, Gursimer Jeet, Sanjay Jain
PROBLEM STATEMENT: Comorbidity of non-communicable diseases carries a significant risk of cardiovascular events and mortality. With the rising burden of diabetes, hypertension and other risk factors, and ageing population in India, this is likely to pose a major threat to the health system. It is therefore essential to understand this high risk group. This article reports prevalence of comorbid diabetes and hypertension and its associated risk factors in the North Indian state of Punjab...
March 31, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264458/maternal-low-protein-diet-modulates-glucose-metabolism-and-hepatic-micrornas-expression-in-the-early-life-of-offspring-%C3%A2
#11
Jia Zheng, Xinhua Xiao, Qian Zhang, Tong Wang, Miao Yu, Jianping Xu
Emerging studies revealed that maternal protein restriction was associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus in adulthood. However, the mechanisms of its effects on offspring, especially during early life of offspring, are poorly understood. Here, it is hypothesized that impaired metabolic health in offspring from maternal low-protein diet (LPD) is associated with perturbed miRNAs expression in offspring as early as the weaning age. We examined the metabolic effects on the C57BL/6J mice male offspring at weaning from dams fed with LPD or normal chow diet (NCD) throughout pregnancy and lactation...
February 27, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127405/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-diabetes-in-a-large-community-based-study-in-north-india-results-from-a-steps-survey-in-punjab-india
#12
Jaya Prasad Tripathy, J S Thakur, Gursimer Jeet, Sohan Chawla, Sanjay Jain, Arnab Pal, Rajendra Prasad, Rajiv Saran
AIMS: India is the diabetes capital with home to 69.1 million people with DM, the second highest number of cases after China. Recent epidemiological evidence indicates a rising DM epidemic across all classes, both affluent and the poor in India. This article reports on the prevalence of diabetes and pre-diabetes in the North Indian state of Punjab as part of a large household NCD Risk Factor Survey. METHODS: A household NCD STEPS survey was done in the state of Punjab, India in a multistage stratified sample of 5127 individuals...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003040/nutritional-and-microbiological-quality-of-commercial-and-homemade-blenderized-whole-food-enteral-diets-for-home-based-enteral-nutritional-therapy-in-adults
#13
Maricy Machado Cavalca Vieira, Valdirene Francisca Neves Santos, Andrea Bottoni, Tania Beninga Morais
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Serious nutritional and contamination risks may be involved in the preparation of blenderized tube-feeding diets and in the handling of commercial diets. Their nutritional and microbiological quality in home settings is unknown. The objective of this study was to assess the nutritional and microbiological quality of commercial enteral and homemade blenderized whole foods diets intended to adult patients in home nutritional therapy. METHODS: In a cross sectional study, 66 samples of commercial (CD) and noncommercial (NCD) enteral diets were collected at the homes of patients in home enteral nutritional therapy, 33 of each type...
December 1, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919240/urban-rural-differences-in-the-prevalence-of-non-communicable-diseases-risk-factors-among-25-74-years-old-citizens-in-yangon-region-myanmar-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Aung Soe Htet, Marius B Bjertness, Lhamo Y Sherpa, Marte Karoline Kjøllesdal, Win Myint Oo, Haakon E Meyer, Hein Stigum, Espen Bjertness
BACKGROUND: Recent societal and political reforms in Myanmar may upturn the socio-economy and, thus, contribute to the country's health transition. Baseline data on urban-rural disparities in non-communicable disease (NCD) risk factors are not thoroughly described in this country which has been relatively closed for more than five decades. We aim to investigate urban-rural differences in mean values and the prevalence of selected behavioral and metabolic risk factors for non-communicable diseases and 10-years risk in development of coronary heart diseases (CHD)...
December 5, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905991/ethnic-differences-in-prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-hypertension-in-the-suriname-health-study-a-cross-sectional-population-study
#15
Ingrid S K Krishnadath, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Lenny M Nahar-van Venrooij, Jerry R Toelsie
BACKGROUND: Limited information is available about the prevalence, ethnic disparities, and risk factors of hypertension within developing countries. We used data from a nationwide study on non-communicable disease (NCD) risk factors to estimate, explore, and compare the prevalence of hypertension overall and in subgroups of risk factors among different ethnic groups in Suriname. METHOD: The Suriname Health Study used the World Health Organization Steps design to select respondents with a stratified multistage cluster sample of households...
September 17, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881160/distribution-and-patterning-of-non-communicable-disease-risk-factors-in-indigenous-mbororo-and-non-autochthonous-populations-in-cameroon-cross-sectional-study
#16
Nyuyki Clement Kufe, George Ngufor, George Mbeh, Jean Claude Mbanya
BACKGROUND: Data on Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) among indigenous populations are needed for interventions to improve health care. We conducted a survey in 2013 among rural indigenous Mbororo, Fulbe and other ethnic groups to determine the distribution of risk factors of NCDs in Cameroon. METHODS: We selected seven targets of NCD risk factors: tobacco use, alcohol use, diet (salt/sugar intake, vegetable/fruit consumption), raised blood pressure, raised blood glucose, physical inactivity and weight measures...
November 24, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875542/educational-outreach-with-an-integrated-clinical-tool-for-nurse-led-non-communicable-chronic-disease-management-in-primary-care-in-south-africa-a-pragmatic-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Lara R Fairall, Naomi Folb, Venessa Timmerman, Carl Lombard, Krisela Steyn, Max O Bachmann, Eric D Bateman, Crick Lund, Ruth Cornick, Gill Faris, Thomas Gaziano, Daniella Georgeu-Pepper, Merrick Zwarenstein, Naomi S Levitt
BACKGROUND: In many low-income countries, care for patients with non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and mental health conditions is provided by nurses. The benefits of nurse substitution and supplementation in NCD care in high-income settings are well recognised, but evidence from low- and middle-income countries is limited. Primary Care 101 (PC101) is a programme designed to support and expand nurses' role in NCD care, comprising educational outreach to nurses and a clinical management tool with enhanced prescribing provisions...
November 2016: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853193/population-prevalence-of-edentulism-and-its-association-with-depression-and-self-rated-health
#18
Stefanos Tyrovolas, Ai Koyanagi, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos, Josep Maria Haro, Nicholas J Kassebaum, Vanessa Chrepa, Georgios A Kotsakis
Edentulism is associated with various adverse health outcomes but treatment options in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are limited. Data on its prevalence and its effect on mental health and overall-health is lacking, especially from LMICs. Self-reported data on complete edentulism obtained by standardized questionnaires on 201,953 adults aged ≥18 years from 50 countries which participated in the World Health Survey (WHS) 2002-2004 were analyzed. Age and sex-standarized edentulism prevalence ranged from 0...
November 17, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737663/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-catastrophic-health-expenditure-and-impoverishment-associated-with-non-communicable-diseases-in-urban-hanoi-vietnam
#19
Vu Duy Kien, Hoang Van Minh, Kim Bao Giang, Amy Dao, Le Thanh Tuan, Nawi Ng
BACKGROUND: The catastrophic health expenditure and impoverishment indices offer guidance for developing appropriate health policies and intervention programs to decrease financial inequity. This study assesses socioeconomic inequalities in catastrophic health expenditure and impoverishment in relation to self-reported non-communicable diseases (NCD) in urban Hanoi, Vietnam. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted from February to March 2013 in Hanoi, the capital city of Vietnam...
October 13, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702726/obesity-non-communicable-disease-ncd-risk-factors-and-dietary-factors-among-chinese-school-aged-children
#20
Carmen Piernas, Dantong Wang, Shufa Du, Bing Zhang, Zhihong Wang, Chang Su, Barry M Popkin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: China's nutrition transition is characterized by dramatic increases in overweight and cardiometabolic (CM) risk. The burden of obesity, CM risk factors and dietary intake among Chinese children were explored. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Children 7-12 y old from the 2009 China Health and Nutrition Survey with available dietary intake data, anthropometry, blood pressure, and fasting blood samples were included (n=663). CM risk prevalence was calculated; logistic regression was used to investigate the association of nutrient intakes with CM risk, adjusting for age, gender, physical activity, area of residence and income...
December 2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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