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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919240/urban-rural-differences-in-the-prevalence-of-non-communicable-diseases-risk-factors-among-25-74-years-old-citizens-in-yangon-region-myanmar-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Aung Soe Htet, Marius B Bjertness, Lhamo Y Sherpa, Marte Karoline Kjøllesdal, Win Myint Oo, Haakon E Meyer, Hein Stigum, Espen Bjertness
BACKGROUND: Recent societal and political reforms in Myanmar may upturn the socio-economy and, thus, contribute to the country's health transition. Baseline data on urban-rural disparities in non-communicable disease (NCD) risk factors are not thoroughly described in this country which has been relatively closed for more than five decades. We aim to investigate urban-rural differences in mean values and the prevalence of selected behavioral and metabolic risk factors for non-communicable diseases and 10-years risk in development of coronary heart diseases (CHD)...
December 5, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905991/ethnic-differences-in-prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-hypertension-in-the-suriname-health-study-a-cross-sectional-population-study
#2
Ingrid S K Krishnadath, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Lenny M Nahar-van Venrooij, Jerry R Toelsie
BACKGROUND: Limited information is available about the prevalence, ethnic disparities, and risk factors of hypertension within developing countries. We used data from a nationwide study on non-communicable disease (NCD) risk factors to estimate, explore, and compare the prevalence of hypertension overall and in subgroups of risk factors among different ethnic groups in Suriname. METHOD: The Suriname Health Study used the World Health Organization Steps design to select respondents with a stratified multistage cluster sample of households...
September 17, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881160/distribution-and-patterning-of-non-communicable-disease-risk-factors-in-indigenous-mbororo-and-non-autochthonous-populations-in-cameroon-cross-sectional-study
#3
Nyuyki Clement Kufe, George Ngufor, George Mbeh, Jean Claude Mbanya
BACKGROUND: Data on Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) among indigenous populations are needed for interventions to improve health care. We conducted a survey in 2013 among rural indigenous Mbororo, Fulbe and other ethnic groups to determine the distribution of risk factors of NCDs in Cameroon. METHODS: We selected seven targets of NCD risk factors: tobacco use, alcohol use, diet (salt/sugar intake, vegetable/fruit consumption), raised blood pressure, raised blood glucose, physical inactivity and weight measures...
November 24, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875542/educational-outreach-with-an-integrated-clinical-tool-for-nurse-led-non-communicable-chronic-disease-management-in-primary-care-in-south-africa-a-pragmatic-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Lara R Fairall, Naomi Folb, Venessa Timmerman, Carl Lombard, Krisela Steyn, Max O Bachmann, Eric D Bateman, Crick Lund, Ruth Cornick, Gill Faris, Thomas Gaziano, Daniella Georgeu-Pepper, Merrick Zwarenstein, Naomi S Levitt
BACKGROUND: In many low-income countries, care for patients with non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and mental health conditions is provided by nurses. The benefits of nurse substitution and supplementation in NCD care in high-income settings are well recognised, but evidence from low- and middle-income countries is limited. Primary Care 101 (PC101) is a programme designed to support and expand nurses' role in NCD care, comprising educational outreach to nurses and a clinical management tool with enhanced prescribing provisions...
November 2016: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853193/population-prevalence-of-edentulism-and-its-association-with-depression-and-self-rated-health
#5
Stefanos Tyrovolas, Ai Koyanagi, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos, Josep Maria Haro, Nicholas J Kassebaum, Vanessa Chrepa, Georgios A Kotsakis
Edentulism is associated with various adverse health outcomes but treatment options in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are limited. Data on its prevalence and its effect on mental health and overall-health is lacking, especially from LMICs. Self-reported data on complete edentulism obtained by standardized questionnaires on 201,953 adults aged ≥18 years from 50 countries which participated in the World Health Survey (WHS) 2002-2004 were analyzed. Age and sex-standarized edentulism prevalence ranged from 0...
November 17, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737663/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-catastrophic-health-expenditure-and-impoverishment-associated-with-non-communicable-diseases-in-urban-hanoi-vietnam
#6
Vu Duy Kien, Hoang Van Minh, Kim Bao Giang, Amy Dao, Le Thanh Tuan, Nawi Ng
BACKGROUND: The catastrophic health expenditure and impoverishment indices offer guidance for developing appropriate health policies and intervention programs to decrease financial inequity. This study assesses socioeconomic inequalities in catastrophic health expenditure and impoverishment in relation to self-reported non-communicable diseases (NCD) in urban Hanoi, Vietnam. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted from February to March 2013 in Hanoi, the capital city of Vietnam...
October 13, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702726/obesity-non-communicable-disease-ncd-risk-factors-and-dietary-factors-among-chinese-school-aged-children
#7
Carmen Piernas, Dantong Wang, Shufa Du, Bing Zhang, Zhihong Wang, Chang Su, Barry M Popkin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: China's nutrition transition is characterized by dramatic increases in overweight and cardiometabolic (CM) risk. The burden of obesity, CM risk factors and dietary intake among Chinese children were explored. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Children 7-12 y old from the 2009 China Health and Nutrition Survey with available dietary intake data, anthropometry, blood pressure, and fasting blood samples were included (n=663). CM risk prevalence was calculated; logistic regression was used to investigate the association of nutrient intakes with CM risk, adjusting for age, gender, physical activity, area of residence and income...
December 2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686858/oral-hygiene-practices-and-their-socio-demographic-correlates-among-nepalese-adult-evidence-from-non-communicable-diseases-risk-factors-steps-survey-nepal-2013
#8
Pushpa Thapa, Krishna Kumar Aryal, Suresh Mehata, Abhinav Vaidya, Bijay Kumar Jha, Meghnath Dhimal, Shaili Pradhan, Purushottam Dhakal, Arpana Pandit, Achyut Raj Pandey, Bihungum Bista, Ava Upadhyay Pokhrel, Khem Bahadur Karki
BACKGROUND: Oral diseases remain a significant public health problem in Nepal, as do oral health behaviours. Socio-demographic factors play a crucial role in driving oral hygiene practices. This study aims to identify oral hygiene practices and associated socio-demographic factors in Nepalese population. METHODS: This descriptive, cross-sectional study recruited 4200 adults (15-69 years) through multistage cluster sampling. Data obtained from the WHO NCD STEPS instrument version 2...
September 29, 2016: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660556/ethnic-differences-in-prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-hypertension-in-the-suriname-health-study-a-cross-sectional-population-study
#9
Ingrid S K Krishnadath, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Lenny M Nahar-van Venrooij, Jerry R Toelsie
BACKGROUND: Limited information is available about the prevalence, ethnic disparities, and risk factors of hypertension within developing countries. We used data from a nationwide study on non-communicable disease (NCD) risk factors to estimate, explore, and compare the prevalence of hypertension overall and in subgroups of risk factors among different ethnic groups in Suriname. METHOD: The Suriname Health Study used the World Health Organization Steps design to select respondents with a stratified multistage cluster sample of households...
2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27494301/community-acquired-hyperkalemia-in-elderly-patients-risk-factors-and-clinical-outcomes
#10
Kenan Turgutalp, Simge Bardak, Ilter Helvacı, Gizem İşgüzar, Ezgi Payas, Serap Demir, Ahmet Kıykım
BACKGROUND: Although the risk and related factors of hyperkalemia developed in the hospital are known in elderly, risk and related factors of community-acquired hyperkalemia (CAH) in this population are not well known. This study was performed to investigate the risk of CAH in elderly and evaluate the related factors and clinical outcomes. Study design, setting and participants, intervention: Patients (aged ≥65 years) with hyperkalemia were screened. Group 1 (young-old); 65-74 years/old, Group 2 (middle-old); 75-84 years/old, Group 3 (oldest-old); ≥85 years/old, and Group 4 (control group); ≥65 years/old (normal serum potassium levels)...
August 5, 2016: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27470174/chronic-disease-outcomes-after-severe-acute-malnutrition-in-malawian-children-chrosam-a-cohort-study
#11
Natasha Lelijveld, Andrew Seal, Jonathan C Wells, Jane Kirkby, Charles Opondo, Emmanuel Chimwezi, James Bunn, Robert Bandsma, Robert S Heyderman, Moffat J Nyirenda, Marko Kerac
BACKGROUND: Tackling severe acute malnutrition (SAM) is a global health priority. Heightened risk of non-communicable diseases (NCD) in children exposed to SAM at around 2 years of age is plausible in view of previously described consequences of other early nutritional insults. By applying developmental origins of health and disease (DOHaD) theory to this group, we aimed to explore the long-term effects of SAM. METHODS: We followed up 352 Malawian children (median age 9·3 years) who were still alive following SAM inpatient treatment between July 12, 2006, and March 7, 2007, (median age 24 months) and compared them with 217 sibling controls and 184 age-and-sex matched community controls...
September 2016: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27453853/risk-factor-distribution-for-cardiovascular-diseases-among-high-school-boys-and-girls-of-urban-dibrugarh-assam
#12
Gupta Ekta, Mahanta Goswami Tulika
INTRODUCTION: Chronic noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) including cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading cause of death in the world, and their incidence is rising rapidly due to increasing rates of risk factors such as hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes, obesity, physical inactivity, and tobacco use. These risk factors track from childhood to adulthood, and their distribution varies among males and females; hence, there is a need to determine risk factor prevalence among adolescent age group so as to plan preventive strategies...
January 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27451823/non-communicable-disease-comorbidities-and-risk-factors-among-tuberculosis-patients-meghalaya-india
#13
Bibha Marak, Prabhdeep Kaur, Sudha R Rao, Sriram Selvaraju
We did cross-sectional study to estimate the prevalence of tobacco, alcohol use, hypertension and diabetes among tuberculosis (TB) patients in comparison to the non-TB patients in East Garo Hills District, Meghalaya, India. We surveyed 110 TB patients attending outpatient TB clinic and 110 age/sex matched non-TB subjects from the general outpatient department as comparison group. Prevalence of ever smoking was 74.5% and 55.4%; alcohol consumption 31.0% and 22.3%; hypertension 24.5% and 17.3%; diabetes 7.5%, 4...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27400355/ability-of-hiv-advocacy-to-modify-behavioral-norms-and-treatment-impact-a-systematic-review
#14
Bruno F Sunguya, Murallitharan Munisamy, Sathirakorn Pongpanich, Junko Yasuoka, Masamine Jimba
BACKGROUND: HIV advocacy programs are partly responsible for the global community's success in reducing the burden of HIV. The rising wave of the global burden of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) has prompted the World Health Organization to espouse NCD advocacy efforts as a possible preventive strategy. HIV and NCDs share some similarities in their chronicity and risky behaviors, which are their associated etiology. Therefore, pooled evidence on the effectiveness of HIV advocacy programs and ideas shared could be replicated and applied during the conceptualization of NCD advocacy programs...
August 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27380784/non-communicable-disease-risk-factors-and-treatment-preference-of-obese-patients-in-cape-town
#15
Kathryn Manning, Marjanne Senekal, Janetta Harbron
BACKGROUND: Insights into the characteristics of treatment seekers for lifestyle changes and treatment preferences are necessary for intervention planning. AIM: To compile a profile of treatment-seeking obese patients with non-communicable diseases (NCDs) or NCD risk factors and to compare patients who choose group-based (facility-based therapeutic group [FBTG]) versus usual care (individual consultations) treatment. SETTING: A primary healthcare facility in Cape Town, South Africa...
2016: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27310343/ability-of-hiv-advocacy-to-modify-behavioral-norms-and-treatment-impact-a-systematic-review
#16
Bruno F Sunguya, Murallitharan Munisamy, Sathirakorn Pongpanich, Junko Yasuoka, Masamine Jimba
BACKGROUND: HIV advocacy programs are partly responsible for the global community's success in reducing the burden of HIV. The rising wave of the global burden of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) has prompted the World Health Organization to espouse NCD advocacy efforts as a possible preventive strategy. HIV and NCDs share some similarities in their chronicity and risky behaviors, which are their associated etiology. Therefore, pooled evidence on the effectiveness of HIV advocacy programs and ideas shared could be replicated and applied during the conceptualization of NCD advocacy programs...
August 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27303103/facilitators-and-barriers-of-adopting-healthy-lifestyle-in-rural-china-a-qualitative-analysis-through-social-capital-perspectives
#17
Yan Zhang, Defu Ma, Renzhe Cui, Esayas Haregot Hilawe, Chifa Chiang, Yoshihisa Hirakawa, Yonghua Hu, Peiyu Wang, Hiroyasu Iso, Atsuko Aoyama
Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are the major public health concerns in China. However, little has been known yet about the background social factors that influence lifestyles as possible NCD risk factors. This qualitative study aimed to explore facilitators and barriers of adopting healthy lifestyles among residents in a rural community of China. Three age-stratified focus group discussions (FGDs) were conducted in Fangshan district of Beijing in 2013. A FGD guide was designed to elicit the participants' perception and experience regarding their lifestyles...
May 2016: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27215828/facilitators-and-barriers-to-ncd-prevention-in-pakistanis-invincibility-or-inevitability-a-qualitative-research-study
#18
Ambreen Gowani, Hafiz Imtiaz Ahmed, Wardah Khalid, Abdul Muqeet, Saad Abdullah, Shariq Khoja, Ayeesha Kamran Kamal
BACKGROUND: Non-communicable diseases (NCD) are the leading causes of death globally. In Pakistan, they are among the top ten causes of mortality, especially in the productive age group (30-69 years). Evidence suggests that health perceptions and beliefs strongly influence the health behavior of an individual. We performed focus group interviews to delineate the same so as to design the user interface of a non-invasive stroke risk monitoring device. METHODS: It was a qualitative study, designed to explore how health perceptions and beliefs influence behavior for NCD prevention...
2016: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27207074/potential-reach-of-mhealth-versus-traditional-mass-media-for-prevention-of-chronic-diseases-evidence-from-a-nationally-representative-survey-in-a-middle-income-country-in-africa
#19
Maryam Yepes, Jürgen Maurer, Barathi Viswanathan, Jude Gedeon, Pascal Bovet
BACKGROUND: Public radio and television announcements have a long tradition in public health education. With the global rise of computer and mobile device ownership, short message service (SMS) and email-based health services (mHealth) are promising new tools for health promotion. OBJECTIVE: Our objectives were to examine 1) self-reported exposure to programs related to noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) on national public television and radio during the 12 months preceding the survey (2013-2014), 2) current ownership of a mobile phone, smartphone, computer, or tablet, and use of the Internet, and 3) willingness of individuals to receive SMS or emails with information on health, with a focus on distribution of these variables across different demographic, socioeconomic status (SES), and NCD risk groups...
2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27190858/basic-risk-factors-awareness-in-non-communicable-diseases-brand-study-among-people-visiting-tertiary-care-centre-in-mysuru-karnataka
#20
Thippeswamy Thippeswamy, Prathima Chikkegowda
INTRODUCTION: Non Communicable Diseases (NCDs) are the major causes of mortality and morbidity globally. Awareness about NCDs and their risk factors has an important role in prevention and management strategies of these NCDs. AIM: 1) To assess the awareness of risk factors contributing to NCDs among the patients visiting tertiary care hospital in Mysuru district; 2) To compare the difference in awareness of risk factors for NCDs among the urban and rural patients with/ without NCD visiting the tertiary care hospital...
April 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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