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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906454/immunotherapy-of-head-and-neck-cancer-emerging-clinical-trials-from-a-national-cancer-institute-head-and-neck-cancer-steering-committee-planning-meeting
#1
Julie E Bauman, Ezra Cohen, Robert L Ferris, David J Adelstein, David M Brizel, John A Ridge, Brian O'Sullivan, Barbara A Burtness, Lisa H Butterfield, William E Carson, Mary L Disis, Bernard A Fox, Thomas F Gajewski, Maura L Gillison, James W Hodge, Quynh-Thu Le, David Raben, Scott E Strome, Jean Lynn, Shakun Malik
Recent advances have permitted successful therapeutic targeting of the immune system in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). These new immunotherapeutic targets and agents are being rapidly adopted by the oncologic community and hold considerable promise. The National Cancer Institute sponsored a Clinical Trials Planning Meeting to address the issue of how to further investigate the use of immunotherapy in patients with HNSCC. The goals of the meeting were to consider phase 2 or 3 trial designs primarily in 3 different patient populations: those with previously untreated, human papillomavirus-initiated oropharyngeal cancers; those with previously untreated, human papillomavirus-negative HNSCC; and those with recurrent/metastatic HNSCC...
December 1, 2016: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906262/light-field-and-holographic-three-dimensional-displays-invited
#2
Masahiro Yamaguchi
A perfect three-dimensional (3D) display that satisfies all depth cues in human vision is possible if a light field can be reproduced exactly as it appeared when it emerged from a real object. The light field can be generated based on either light ray or wavefront reconstruction, with the latter known as holography. This paper first provides an overview of the advances of ray-based and wavefront-based 3D display technologies, including integral photography and holography, and the integration of those technologies with digital information systems...
December 1, 2016: Journal of the Optical Society of America. A, Optics, Image Science, and Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905833/non-conventional-expression-systems-for-the-production-of-vaccine-proteins-and-immunotherapeutic-molecules
#3
Isabelle Legastelois, Sophie Buffin, Isabelle Peubez, Charlotte Mignon, Régis Sodoyer, Bettina Werle
The increasing demand for recombinant vaccine antigens or immunotherapeutic molecules calls into question the universality of current protein expression systems. Vaccine production can require relatively low amounts of expressed materials, but represents an extremely diverse category consisting of different target antigens with marked structural differences. In contrast, monoclonal antibodies, by definition share key molecular characteristics and require a production system capable of very large outputs, which drives the quest for highly efficient and cost-effective systems...
December 1, 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905021/netherton-syndrome-a-genotype-phenotype-review
#4
REVIEW
Constantina A Sarri, Angeliki Roussaki-Schulze, Yiannis Vasilopoulos, Efterpi Zafiriou, Aikaterini Patsatsi, Costas Stamatis, Polyxeni Gidarokosta, Dimitrios Sotiriadis, Theologia Sarafidou, Zissis Mamuris
Netherton syndrome (OMIM #256500) is a rare but severe autosomal recessive form of ichthyosis that affects the skin, hair, and immune system. The identification of SPINK5, which encodes for the serine protease inhibitor LEKTI, as the gene responsible for Netherton syndrome, enabled the search for causative mutations in Netherton syndrome patients and families. However, information regarding these mutations and their association with the pathological Netherton syndrome phenotype is scarce. Herein, we provide an up-to-date overview of 80 different mutations in exonic as well as intronic regions that have been currently identified in 172 homozygous or compound heterozygous patients from 144 families...
November 30, 2016: Molecular Diagnosis & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904247/biliary-interventions-tools-and-techniques-of-the-trade-access-cholangiography-biopsy-cholangioscopy-cholangioplasty-stenting-stone-extraction-and-brachytherapy
#5
REVIEW
Osman Ahmed, Sipan Mathevosian, Bulent Arslan
Therapeutic access to the biliary system is generally limited to endoscopic or percutaneous approaches. A variety of percutaneous transhepatic biliary interventions are applicable for the diagnosis and treatment of biliary system pathologies, the majority of which may be performed in conjunction with one another. The backbone of nearly all of these interventions is percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography for opacification of the biliary tree, after which any number of therapeutic or diagnostic modalities may be pursued...
December 2016: Seminars in Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904174/on-the-history-of-classification-in-dermatology
#6
Amiya Kumar Mukhopadhyay
Since the early days of cutaneous medicine, naming of the entities had remained a confusing subject. Earlier texts of all ancient civilisations are almost similar in this topic The Biblical controversy regarding the actual translational meaning of the original Hebrew term Zara 'at has become a centre of controversy amongst many research scholars of the medical history. Similar debate exists about the Ayurvedic term Kustha---- whether it meant leprosy or stood for a number of skin affliction is a matter of controversy...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903819/towards-designing-new-nano-scale-protein-architectures
#7
REVIEW
Jana Aupič, Fabio Lapenta, Žiga Strmšek, Roman Jerala
The complexity of designed bionano-scale architectures is rapidly increasing mainly due to the expanding field of DNA-origami technology and accurate protein design approaches. The major advantage offered by polypeptide nanostructures compared with most other polymers resides in their highly programmable complexity. Proteins allow in vivo formation of well-defined structures with a precise spatial arrangement of functional groups, providing extremely versatile nano-scale scaffolds. Extending beyond existing proteins that perform a wide range of functions in biological systems, it became possible in the last few decades to engineer and predict properties of completely novel protein folds, opening the field of protein nanostructure design...
November 30, 2016: Essays in Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902931/human-presynaptic-receptors
#8
REVIEW
Eberhard Schlicker, Thomas Feuerstein
Presynaptic receptors are sites at which transmitters, locally formed mediators or hormones inhibit or facilitate the release of a given transmitter from its axon terminals. The interest in the identification of presynaptic receptors has faded in recent years and it may therefore be justified to give an overview of their occurrence in the autonomic and central nervous system; this review will focus on presynaptic receptors in human tissues. Autoreceptors are presynaptic receptors at which a given transmitter restrains its further release, though in some instances may also increase its release...
November 27, 2016: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902885/recent-advances-and-applications-of-gas-chromatography-vacuum-ultraviolet-spectroscopy
#9
REVIEW
Inês C Santos, Kevin A Schug
The vacuum ultraviolet spectrophotometer was developed recently as an alternative to existing gas chromatography detectors. This detector measures the absorption of gas-phase chemical species in the range of 120-240 nm, where all chemical compounds present unique absorption spectra. Therefore, qualitative analysis can be performed and quantification follows standard Beer-Lambert law principles. Different fields of application, such as petrochemical, food, and environmental analysis have been explored. Commonly demonstrated is the capability for facile deconvolution of co-eluting analytes...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900937/post-authorization-changes-in-the-safety-and-efficacy-assessment-recommended-indications-and-drug-quality-profile-of-adalimumab-a-chronological-overview
#10
Gergely Iványi, Romána Zelkó
OBJECTIVE: The intention of the present study was to demonstrate the postauthorization changes of adalimumab (European trade name: Humira), evaluating the variations in its safety, efficacy, and quality profile. METHODS: Type-II, major variations of the Summary of Product Characteristics (SmPC) from September 8, 2003 to November 19, 2015, were analyzed, which, according to Commission Regulation (EC) No. 1234/2008, have to reflect changes that may have a significant impact on the safety, efficacy, or quality profile of a medicinal product...
November 30, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900869/-evaluation-of-five-years-of-treatment-of-erdheim-chester-disease-with-anakinra-case-report-and-overview-of-literature
#11
Zdeněk Adam, Hana Petrášová, Zdeněk Řehák, Renata Koukalová, Marta Krejčí, Luděk Pour, Eva Vetešníková, Aleš Čermák, Sabina Ševčíková, Petr Szturz, Zdeněk Král, Jiří Mayer
: Erdheim-Chester disease is a histiocytic neoplasm of diseases from the group of non-Langerhans-cell histiocytoses, formed by infiltrates of foamy histiocytes. These pathological histiocytes produce pro-inflammatory cytokines. Therefore Erdheim-Chester disease is called inflammatory histiocytary neoplasm. The disease is accompanied by clinical symptoms of systemic inflammatory response, i.e. B symptoms. Imaging examinations detect typical osteosclerotic changes affecting diaphyses and metaphyses of the lower long bones and fibrotic changes which affect the aorta wall and the vessels leading from it...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900687/cloning-and-expression-of-metagenomic-dna-in-streptomyces-lividans-and-subsequent-fermentation-for-optimized-production
#12
Yuriy Rebets, Jan Kormanec, Andriy Lutzhetskyy, Kristel Bernaerts, Jozef Anné
The choice of an expression system for the metagenomic DNA of interest is of vital importance for the detection of any particular gene or gene cluster. Most of the screens to date have used the gram-negative bacterium Escherichia coli as a host for metagenomic gene libraries. However, the use of E. coli introduces a potential host bias since only 40 % of the enzymatic activities may be readily recovered by random cloning in E. coli. To recover some of the remaining 60 %, alternative cloning hosts such as Streptomyces spp...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900466/overview-of-the-impact-of-depression-and-anxiety-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#13
Josep Montserrat-Capdevila, Pere Godoy, Josep Ramon Marsal, Ferran Barbé, Josep Pifarré, Miquel Alsedà, Marta Ortega
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depression are common entities in patients diagnosed with COPD. However, the impact that they have on the exacerbation of illness is scarcely studied. OBJECTIVE: To determine if the presence of anxiety and depression is associated with a greater risk of frequent exacerbation (≥2 per year) in patients diagnosed with COPD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cohort study that analysed frequent exacerbation and associated factors in 512 patients monitored during 2 years...
November 29, 2016: Lung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900435/enzyme-based-logic-gates-and-circuits-analytical-applications-and-interfacing-with-electronics
#14
REVIEW
Evgeny Katz, Arshak Poghossian, Michael J Schöning
The paper is an overview of enzyme-based logic gates and their short circuits, with specific examples of Boolean AND and OR gates, and concatenated logic gates composed of multi-step enzyme-biocatalyzed reactions. Noise formation in the biocatalytic reactions and its decrease by adding a "filter" system, converting convex to sigmoid response function, are discussed. Despite the fact that the enzyme-based logic gates are primarily considered as components of future biomolecular computing systems, their biosensing applications are promising for immediate practical use...
November 29, 2016: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899624/microscope-in-2017-an-expanding-and-evolving-integrated-resource-for-community-expertise-of-microbial-genomes
#15
David Vallenet, Alexandra Calteau, Stéphane Cruveiller, Mathieu Gachet, Aurélie Lajus, Adrien Josso, Jonathan Mercier, Alexandre Renaux, Johan Rollin, Zoe Rouy, David Roche, Claude Scarpelli, Claudine Médigue
The annotation of genomes from NGS platforms needs to be automated and fully integrated. However, maintaining consistency and accuracy in genome annotation is a challenging problem because millions of protein database entries are not assigned reliable functions. This shortcoming limits the knowledge that can be extracted from genomes and metabolic models. Launched in 2005, the MicroScope platform (http://www.genoscope.cns.fr/agc/microscope) is an integrative resource that supports systematic and efficient revision of microbial genome annotation, data management and comparative analysis...
November 29, 2016: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899244/editorial-overview-carbohydrate-protein-interactions-and-glycosylation-integrating-structural-biology-informatics-and-systems-modelling-to-understand-glycan-structure-and-glycan-protein-interactions
#16
EDITORIAL
Harry J Gilbert, Nagasuma Chandra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 26, 2016: Current Opinion in Structural Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898468/update-on-ciliary-body-laser-procedures
#17
Behzad Amoozgar, Eileen N Phan, Shan C Lin, Ying Han
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There are currently various options available for glaucoma treatment procedures ranging from laser to penetrating to nonpenetrating surgeries. Innovations in glaucoma surgical therapeutics include features such as external application, focused tissue effects, and minimal manipulation as these factors all help lower the risk of side-effects in addition to increasing the success rate of the treatment. Traditional diode laser transscleral cyclophotocoagulation (TSCPC) is invasive and destructive...
November 25, 2016: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896760/opportunities-and-challenges-of-multiplex-assays-a-machine-learning-perspective
#18
Junfang Chen, Emanuel Schwarz
Multiplex assays that allow the simultaneous measurement of multiple analytes in small sample quantities have developed into a widely used technology. Their implementation spans across multiple assay systems and can provide readouts of similar quality as the respective single-plex measures, albeit at far higher throughput. Multiplex assay systems are therefore an important element for biomarker discovery and development strategies but analysis of the derived data can face substantial challenges that may limit the possibility of identifying meaningful biological markers...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896712/applications-of-accelerators-and-radiation-sources-in-the-field-of-space-research-and-industry
#19
REVIEW
Luigi Campajola, Francesco Di Capua
Beyond their important economic role in commercial communications, satellites in general are critical infrastructure because of the services they provide. In addition to satellites providing information which facilitates a better understanding of the space environment and improved performance of physics experiments, satellite observations are also used to actively monitor weather, geological processes, agricultural development and the evolution of natural and man-made hazards. Defence agencies depend on satellite services for communication in remote locations, as well as for reconnaissance and intelligence...
December 2016: Topics in Current Chemistry (Journal)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896510/standard-clinical-protocol-for-bidirectional-hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-hipec-systemic-leucovorin-5-fluorouracil-and-heated-intraperitoneal-oxaliplatin-in-a-chloride-containing-carrier-solution
#20
Akash M Mehta, Alwin D R Huitema, Jacobus W A Burger, Alexandra R M Brandt-Kerkhof, Sander F van den Heuvel, Victor J Verwaal
BACKGROUND: Intraperitoneal chemotherapy has an established role in the treatment of selected patients with colorectal peritoneal metastases. Oxaliplatin is highly suitable as a chemotherapeutic agent for hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC), but its use to date has been limited because of the morbidity caused by severe electrolyte and glycemic imbalances associated with 5% glucose as its carrier solution. This report provides an overview of the development, rationale, and application of intraperitoneal chemotherapy and the use of various drugs and carrier solutions...
November 28, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
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