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Radical hysterectomy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327265/successful-diagnosis-of-an-occult-fallopian-tube-carcinoma-detected-from-the-diaphragm-metastasis
#1
Takahide Toyoda, Hidemi Suzuki, Takahiro Nakajima, Takekazu Iwata, Ayumu Matsuoka, Kyoko Nishikimi, Yoko Yonemori, Makio Shozu, Yukio Nakatani, Ichiro Yoshino
We herein reported a rare case of an occult fallopian tube carcinoma first detected from the diaphragm metastasis. An 83-year-old woman who had a 30-mm tumor on the right diaphragm underwent radical resection. Pathologically, the tumor was diagnosed as a high-grade serous adenocarcinoma, suggesting metastasis from the pelvic visceral carcinoma. Although the primary site could not be detected by imaging examinations, laparoscopy revealed multiple peritoneal disseminations; therefore, total hysterectomy was performed...
January 11, 2018: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319395/initial-report-of-sentinel-lymph-node-identification-during-laparoscopic-radical-hysterectomy-using-a-new-gamma-probe-technology
#2
Shinichi Togami, Toshihiko Kawamura, Mika Fukuda, Shintaro Yanazume, Masaki Kamio, Hiroaki Kobayashi
BACKGROUND: The standard surgical procedure for early-stage cervical cancer is abdominal radical hysterectomy, including pelvic lymphadenectomy. Currently, minimally invasive surgical techniques for early cervical cancer are progressing; total laparoscopic radical hysterectomy (TLRH) is a possible alternative to abdominal surgery. In addition, sentinel node navigation surgery (SNNS), which can prevent lower limb edema, has been widely used for radical hysterectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A radioisotope is injected into the uterine cervix 1 day preoperatively and surgeons carefully identify the correct sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs) to prevent picking up the cervical gamma rays during surgery...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314767/laparoscopic-repair-of-bowel-herniation-into-the-space-between-the-obturator-nerve-and-the-umbilical-artery-after-pelvic-lymphadenectomy-for-cervical-cancer
#3
Hironori Minami, Toshiya Nagasaki, Takashi Akiyoshi, Tsuyoshi Konishi, Yoshiya Fujimoto, Satoshi Nagayama, Yosuke Fukunaga, Hironori Fukuoka, Masashi Ueno
Bowel herniation through the space between the exposed structures after pelvic lymphadenectomy is a very rare cause of postoperative bowel obstruction. Here, a case of laparoscopic release of bowel migration into the space after pelvic lymphadenectomy is described. This is the seventh such reported case in the world. A 38-year-old woman who had a history of undergoing laparoscopic radical hysterectomy and bilateral pelvic lymphadenectomy for cervical cancer was diagnosed with strangulated bowel obstruction...
January 4, 2018: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310145/immunohistochemical-wwox-expression-and-association-with-angiogenesis-p53-expression-cell-proliferation-and-clinicopathological-parameters-in-cervical-cancer
#4
Mariana Ataydes Leite Seabra, Eduardo Batista Cândido, Paula Vieira Teixeira Vidigal, Rivia Mara Lamaita, Angélica Nogueira Rodrigues, Agnaldo Lopes da Silva Filho
OBJECTIVE:  The current study evaluated the expression of WW domain-containing oxidoreductase (WWOX), its association with clinicopathological features and with p53, Ki-67 (cell proliferation) and CD31 (angiogenesis) expression in patients with invasive cervical squamous cell carcinoma (ICSCC). To the best of our knowledge, no other study has evaluated this association. METHODS:  Women with IB stage-ICSCC (n = 20) and women with uterine leiomyoma (n = 20) were prospectively evaluated...
January 8, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306233/vanishing-endometrial-carcinoma-in-hysterectomy-specimens-probable-implications-for-fertility-sparing-management
#5
Murat Öz, Alper Karalök, Levent Şirvan, Tolga Taşçı, Reyhan Öcalan, Ahmet Taner Turan, Tayfun Güngör, Mehmet Mutlu Meydanlı
Background/aim: The vanishing cancer phenomenon was first reported in radical prostatectomy specimens in the absence of neo-adjuvant treatment. Reported cases are mostly well-differentiated and low-volume tumors. A similar entity was described for hysterectomy specimens of patients with biopsy proven endometrial cancer (EC). In this study, we discuss the probable reasons for vanishing EC and long-term follow-up results of EC patients without residual tumors in hysterectomy specimens. Materials and methods: This study was carried at two institutions in Ankara, Turkey, in a retrospective design...
December 19, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303929/comparison-of-the-long-term-oncological-outcomes-between-the-initial-learning-period-of-robotic-and-the-experienced-period-of-laparoscopic-radical-hysterectomy-for-early-stage-cervical-cancer
#6
Gun Oh Chong, Yoon Hee Lee, Hyun Jung Lee, Dae Gy Hong, Yoon Soon Lee
OBJECTIVES: To compare the long-term oncological outcomes, complication rates, and recurrence patterns of robotic radical hysterectomy (RRH) with laparoscopic radical hysterectomy (LRH) for the treatment of early-stage cervical cancer. METHODS: Between January 2008 and December 2013, 65 consecutive patients underwent RRH during the learning period, and 60 consecutive patients underwent LRH during the experienced period. RESULTS: Both groups were similar with respect to clinicopathologic characteristics...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303389/a-modification-of-laparoscopic-type-c1-hysterectomy-to-reduce-postoperative-bladder-dysfunction-a-retrospective-study
#7
Wei Jiang, Meirong Liang, Douxing Han, Hui Liu, Ling Li, Meiling Zhong, Lin Luo, Siyuan Zeng
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility of a modified type C1 hysterectomy, using the deep uterine vein (DUV) and its branches as an anatomical landmark, to reduce postoperative bladder dysfunction in cervical cancer patients. METHODS: One hundred fifty-two stage IA2-IIB cervical cancer patients were enrolled to undergo a laparoscopic hysterectomy. According to the operation methods, 93 or 59 of the patients were assigned to a type C1 hysterectomy (group 1), using the DUV and its branches as an anatomical landmark, and a type C2 hysterectomy (group 2), respectively...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290995/effectiveness-of-adjuvant-systemic-chemotherapy-for-intermediate-risk-stage-ib-cervical-cancer
#8
Koji Matsuo, Muneaki Shimada, Harushige Yokota, Toyomi Satoh, Hidetaka Katabuchi, Shoji Kodama, Hiroshi Sasaki, Noriomi Matsumura, Mikio Mikami, Toru Sugiyama
Objective: To examine the effectiveness of systemic chemotherapy following radical hysterectomy for women with intermediate-risk stage IB cervical cancer. Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective analysis of a previously organized nation-wide cohort study examining 6,003 women with stage IB-IIB cervical cancer who underwent radical hysterectomy between 2004 and 2008 in Japan. Survival of 555 women with stage IB cervical cancer in the intermediate-risk group (deep stromal invasion > 50%, large tumor size > 4 cm, and lympho-vascular space invasion [LVSI]) were examined based on adjuvant therapy patterns: chemotherapy alone (n = 223, 40...
December 5, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287717/perioperative-outcomes-of-3-arm-versus-4-arm-robotic-radical-hysterectomy-in-patients-with-cervical-cancer
#9
Ga Won Yim, Kyung Jin Eoh, Young Shin Chung, Sang Wun Kim, Sunghoon Kim, Eun Ji Nam, Jung Yun Lee, Young Tae Kim
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To investigate and compare surgical outcomes of 3 versus 4 robotic arm approach for robotic surgery in patients with cervical cancer. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of prospectively-collected data (Canadian Task Force II-2). SETTING: Academic tertiary hospital PATIENTS: A total of 142 patients with stage 1A1-IIB cervical carcinoma that underwent robotic surgery were included for analysis. The subjects were divided according to the surgical approach (number of robotic arms) and the two groups were compared in terms of intraoperative data and postoperative outcomes...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282516/the-morbidity-of-sexual-dysfunction-of-125-chinese-women-following-different-types-of-radical-hysterectomy-for-gynaecological-malignancies
#10
Xueqin Wang, Chunlin Chen, Ping Liu, Weili Li, Liling Wang, Yunlu Liu
PURPOSE: Due to early detection and effective treatment, quality of sexual life of patients with gynaecological malignancies has become an important issue. However, the morbidity of sexual dysfunction and the proportion of different kinds of sexual dysfunction after radical hysterectomy are unclear. The aim of the current study was to assess the morbidity of sexual dysfunction and to conduct multivariate logistic regression analysis of patients' sexual dysfunction. METHODS: Between July 2007 and December 2012, 125 women underwent radical hysterectomy, modified radical hysterectomy, and nerve-sparing radical hysterectomy were administered a self-reported sexual function questionnaire...
December 27, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276059/clinical-characteristics-associated-with-racial-disparities-in-endometrial-cancer-outcomes-a-surveillance-epidemiology-and-end-results-analysis
#11
Shivani Sud, Jordan Holmes, Michael Eblan, Ronald Chen, Ellen Jones
OBJECTIVES: Racial disparities exist for endometrial cancer. We examined patterns of care and factors associated with poor outcomes for Black women with endometrial cancer. METHODS: We studied 110,826 endometrial cancer patients diagnosed between 1980 and 2008 with minimum 5years follow-up in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database. Trends over time in sociodemographics, disease characteristics and treatment factors were analyzed over four eras: 1980-1989, 1990-1999, 2000-2004, 2005-2008...
December 21, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273351/to-oophorectomy-or-not-to-oophorectomy-practice-patterns-among-urologists-treating-bladder-cancer
#12
Rachael D Sussman, Chihun J Han, Daniel Marchalik, Filipe L Carvahlo, Meghan F Davis, Lee A Richter, Stephanie L Wethington, Lambros Stamatakis
OBJECTIVES: Classically, radical cystectomy (RC) involves hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (BSO). Current understanding of ovarian cancer pathogenesis and effect of premature oophorectomy has lead to a shift within gynecology toward risk-reducing salpingectomy without oophorectomy in the absence of gynecologic malignancy. The purpose of this study was to assess knowledge base and practice patterns of urologic oncologists with regard to management of the gynecological organs at the time of RC...
December 19, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246556/uterus-transplantation-robotic-surgeon-perspective
#13
Hubert Fornalik, Nicole Fornalik
OBJECTIVE: To study the safety and feasibility of robotic dissection of deep pelvic vessels as applied to the robotic harvesting of a uterus from live transplant donor. DESIGN: Surgical video. SETTING: Gynecologic oncology practice of a tertiary community cancer center. PATIENT(S): Two patients undergoing robotic nerve-sparing radical hysterectomy for International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage Ib1 cervical cancer...
December 12, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242958/impact-of-radical-hysterectomy-on-the-transobturator-sling-pathway-a-retrospective-three-dimensional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-study
#14
Jinyang Chen, Chunlin Chen, Yige Li, Lan Chen, Juan Xu, Ping Liu
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Morphological and functional anomalies of the urethra may cause stress urinary incontinence after radical hysterectomy (RH). We introduce a novel three-dimensional (3D) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique to assess the impact of RH on the transobturator sling pathway. METHODS: 3D-MRI reconstruction models were retrospectively developed for the measurement of various parameters before and after RH, including puncture angle, orientation and distance from the midurethral puncture site to the obturator membrane (DUO), in 31 patients with cervical cancer...
December 14, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237906/clinical-efficacy-of-preoperative-vaginal-intracavitary-irradiation-for-stage-ib2-and-iia-cervical-cancer
#15
Fengshuang Li, Yumei Wu, Weimin Kong, Jiandong Wang, Xia Hao, Juwei Niu, Laifu Bai
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of preoperative vaginal intracavitary irradiation for Stage Ib2 and IIa cervical cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From June 2008 to June 2014, data from 78 Stage Ib2 and IIa cervical cancer patients (age ≤75 years) with a diameter of local lesions >4 cm were collected in our hospital. Before treatment, all cases were confirmed by biopsy. The patients' general state was good, Karnofsky Performance Score ≥90, heart and lung functioning was normal, and patients were able to tolerate the surgery...
2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233120/prediction-of-5-year-overall-survival-in-cervical-cancer-patients-treated-with-radical-hysterectomy-using-computational-intelligence-methods
#16
Bogdan Obrzut, Maciej Kusy, Andrzej Semczuk, Marzanna Obrzut, Jacek Kluska
BACKGROUND: Computational intelligence methods, including non-linear classification algorithms, can be used in medical research and practice as a decision making tool. This study aimed to evaluate the usefulness of artificial intelligence models for 5-year overall survival prediction in patients with cervical cancer treated by radical hysterectomy. METHODS: The data set was collected from 102 patients with cervical cancer FIGO stage IA2-IIB, that underwent primary surgical treatment...
December 12, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223564/indocyanine-green-assisted-parametrial-dissection-during-type-c1-radical-hysterectomy-after-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-in-early-stage-cervical-cancer
#17
Nicolò Bizzarri, Valentina Ghirardi, Ali Kucukmetin
OBJECTIVES: The standard treatment for FIGO stage 1B1 cervical cancer is radical hysterectomy (RH) [1]. Indocyanine-green (ICG) is a drug injected within the cervical stroma to detect the sentinel lymph node (SLN) in cervical cancer [2,3]. ICG travels through the lymphatic channels in the lateral parametrium, which results enhanced with green, before reaching the SLNs. This could help identifying the surgical landmarks. The aim of this video is to propose a new approach to perform parametrial dissection as part of RH under the guidance of ICG...
December 6, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217904/comparison-of-the-short-term-outcomes-of-laparoscopic-and-open-resections-for-colorectal-cancer-in-patients-with-a-history-of-prior-median-laparotomy
#18
Young Wan Kim, Ik Yong Kim
This study aimed to investigate the short-term outcomes of laparoscopic resection in comparison with those of open resection for colorectal cancer in patients with a history of prior median laparotomy (PML). Eighty-seven consecutive patients (87/1121, 7.8 %) with a history of PML who underwent major colorectal cancer resection were enrolled (laparoscopy, n = 40; open, n = 47). The conversion rate to open surgery was 25 % (n = 10). The laparoscopy group had a higher proportion of female patients (57...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213225/role-of-blue-dye-for-sentinel-lymph-node-detection-in-early-endometrial-cancer
#19
Stefano Restaino, Carlo Ronsini, Angelo Finelli, Emanuele Perrone, Giovanni Scambia, Francesco Fanfani
Background: Sentinel Lymphonode analysis has become a barely new and innovative way to treat early stages of endometrial cancer (Ballester et al., Lancet Oncol 469-476, 2011; Buda et al., Ann Surg Oncol 2975-81, 2016). Indocyanine green cervical injection is considered gold standard for mapping nodes' drainage. Blue dye is used as a valid alternative in many centers, due to the lower cost of execution. The objective of this video is to prove that methylene blue dye's cervical injection is a valid and "low-cost" method to obtain mapping of lymphatic drainage in patient with early endometrial cancer...
2017: Gynecological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191471/nerve-sparing-approach-improves-outcomes-of-patients-undergoing-minimally-invasive-radical-hysterectomy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Giorgio Bogani, Diego Oreste Rossetti, Antonino Ditto, Mauro Signorelli, Fabio Martinelli, Lavinia Mosca, Cono Scaffa, Umberto Leone Roberti Maggiore, Valentina Chiappa, Ilaria Sabatucci, Domenica Lorusso, Francesco Raspagliesi
Few studies investigated the efficacy and safety of nerve sparing approach via minimally invasive surgery for the treatment of cervical cancer. We aimed to review the current evidence comparing nerve sparing minimally invasive radical hysterectomy (NS-MRH) and conventional minimally invasive radical hysterectomy (MRH). This systematic review was registered in the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (CRD#57655). Overall, 675 patients were included: 350 (51.9%) and 325 (48.1%) patients undergoing MRH and NS-MRH, respectively...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
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