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Radical hysterectomy

Lucas Minig, Anna Fagotti, Giovanni Scambia, Gloria Salvo, María Guadalupe Patrono, Dimitrios Haidopoulos, Ignacio Zapardiel, Santiago Domingo, Maria Sotiropoulou, Gary Chisholm, Pedro T Ramirez
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of lymph node metastasis in women with low-risk cervical cancer stage IA2 or IB1 (<2 cm) without lymph-vascular space invasion. METHODS: A multicenter retrospective study was performed in patients who underwent radical or simple hysterectomy, conization, or trachelectomy plus pelvic lymphadenectomy for cervical cancer between January 2000 and June 2016. RESULTS: A total of 271 patients were included in the study...
March 14, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Francesco Plotti, Corrado Terranova, Stella Capriglione, Stefania Crispino, Alessandra Li Pomi, Carlo de Cicco Nardone, Roberto Montera, Pierluigi Benedetti Panici, Roberto Angioli, Giuseppe Scaletta
AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate long-term quality of life and urinary and sexual function in long-term cervical cancer survivors previously treated with radical hysterectomy (RH) type C2/type III. METHODS: All patients who presented at Campus Bio-Medico of Rome for RH type C2/type III for cervical cancer were considered eligible for this retrospective study protocol. We included exclusively patients with complete response to primary treatment with at least 36 months of follow up...
March 14, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Antonino Ditto, Giorgio Bogani, Umberto Leone Roberti Maggiore, Fabio Martinelli, Valentina Chiappa, Carlos Lopez, Stefania Perotto, Domenica Lorusso, Francesco Raspagliesi
OBJECTIVE: Nerve-sparing radical hysterectomy (NSRH) was introduced with the aim to reduce pelvic dysfunctions related to conventional radical hysterectomy (RH). Here, we sought to assess the effectiveness and safety of NSRH in a relatively large number of the patients of cervical cancer (CC) patients undergoing either primary surgery or neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) followed by surgery. METHODS: Outcomes of consecutive patients undergoing NSRH and of a historical cohort of patients undergoing conventional RH were retrospectively reviewed...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
Ricardo Dos Reis, Carlos E M C Andrade, Michael Frumovitz, Mark Munsell, Pedro T Ramirez
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The goal of our study is to compare outcomes of radical hysterectomy (RH) across age groups based on surgical approach. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. CANADIAN TASK FORCE CLASSIFICATION: II-2 SETTING: Department of Gynecologic Oncology and Reproductive Medicine, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center. PATIENTS: We retrospectively reviewed patients with early-stage cervical cancer who underwent RH at a tertiary cancer center from 1990 to 2013...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
J Niro, P Panel
OBJECTIVE: In women with symptomatic endometriosis and no desire for pregnancy, hysterectomy with or without bilateral oophorectomy is often presented as a definitive solution to their symptoms. Despite this radical treatment, it should be known that nearly 15% of these patients will have persistent pain. Thus the objective of this review was to determine the interest of total hysterectomy with or without bilateral oophorectomy for the treatment of deep endometriosis. METHOD: The research was conducted from the US National Library of Medicine's National Institutes of Health from the following keywords: endometriosis, hysterectomy, oophorectomy, ovariectomy, radical treatment...
March 9, 2018: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
Yalan Xu, Lei Li
Cases of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) arising from ovarian endometriosis have been rarely reported. Most of the patients show a poor prognosis and present with a diminished survival time. We present a SCC case arising from endometriosis, and analyzed the clinical, therapeutic, and pathologic features through a comprehensive literature review. A 43-year premenopausal woman (gravida 2, para 1) presented to our hospital due to sudden pain in lower abdomen. Exploratory laparotomy indicated rupture of left ovarian cyst and intra-abdominal hemorrhage were observed...
February 9, 2018: Current Problems in Cancer
Beom Seok Kwak
We report here on a case of 51-year-old woman with metastatic small cell carcinoma of the breast that came from her cancer of the uterine cervix. She underwent radical hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy due to small cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix, and adjuvant radiotherapy was administered to the pelvis. Breast metastasis with a palpable mass then occurred 3 months after the primary surgery. Simple mastectomy and adjuvant chemotherapy were performed. She initially showed a good response to the therapy, yet she ultimately died of multiple metastases with a fulminating disease course...
January 2018: Case Reports in Oncology
Kosuke Yoshihara, Tatsuya Ishiguro, Makoto Chihara, Eiri Shima, Sosuke Adachi, Masanori Isobe, Kazufumi Haino, Masayuki Yamaguchi, Masayuki Sekine, Katsunori Kashima, Koichi Takakuwa, Nobumichi Nishikawa, Takayuki Enomoto
OBJECTIVES: Cervical cancer is one of the most frequently diagnosed cancers in pregnancy. Our aim was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of abdominal radical trachelectomy (ART) for pregnant women with early-stage cervical cancer who strongly desire to preserve their pregnancies. METHODS/MATERIALS: A retrospective observational study was performed for stage IB1 cervical cancer patients who underwent ART or radical hysterectomy (RH) at our hospital between February 2013 and June 2017...
February 28, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Jacques Donnez, Pablo Arriagada, Olivier Donnez, Marie-Madeleine Dolmans
Uterine fibroids (also known as leiomyomas or myomas) are the most common form of benign uterine tumors. Current management strategies involve mainly surgical interventions, but the choice of treatment is guided by patient age and desire to preserve fertility or avoid 'radical' surgery such as hysterectomy. Areas covered: There is growing evidence of the crucial role of progesterone pathways in the pathophysiology of uterine fibroids, leading to increasing use of selective progesterone receptor modulators (SPRMs) such as ulipristal acetate...
February 28, 2018: Expert Opinion on Emerging Drugs
Rene Pareja, Lina Echeverri, Gabriel Rendon, Mark Munsell, Mireia Gonzalez-Comadran, Daniel Sanabria, David Isla, Michael Frumovitz, Pedro T Ramirez
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study is to identify predictive factors in patients with a diagnosis of early-stage cervical cancer after simple hysterectomy in order to avoid a radical parametrectomy. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of all patients who underwent radical parametrectomy and bilateral pelvic lymphadenectomy at MD Anderson Cancer Center and at the Instituto de Cancerologia Las Americas in Medellin, Colombia from December 1999 to September 2017...
March 1, 2018: Gynecologic Oncology
Rosalba De Nola, Edoardo Di Naro, Luca Maria Schonauer, Giuseppe Lucarelli, Michele Battaglia, Maria Grazia Fiore, Salvatore Andrea Mastrolia, Giuseppe Loverro
RATIONALE: PNETs (primitive neuroectodermal tumors) are a family of highly malignant neoplasms characterized by small round cells of neuroepithelial origin. They usually involve bone and soft tissues, and have a higher incidence in childhood. PATIENT CONCERNS: In this case report, we describe the obstetric and oncological outcome of a huge mass diagnosed as a leiomyoma in a 39-year-old pregnant woman who complained of low back pain, dysuria, and urinary frequency at 22 weeks of gestation...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Jiansong Zhou, Yuanyuan Chen, Xiaoxian Xu, Dingding Yan, Hanmei Lou
Currently, cervical adenocarcinoma (ADC) receives the same standard treatment as squamous cell carcinoma, but this treatment regimen is not wholly suited for ADC. The present study was conducted to assess the prognostic role of postoperative clinicopathological factors in patients with stage I-IIB cervical ADC.The study examined 312 patients with stage I-IIB cervical ADC who underwent radical hysterectomy, including pelvic lymphadenectomy, at our institutions between October 2006 and September 2014. Overall survival (OS) and relapse-free survival (RFS) was analyzed by the Kaplan-Meier method...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
V G Vellone, B Spina, F Grillo, P Calamaro, F Sarocchi, P Sala, S Ferrero, E Fulcheri
Chemo-radiation represents an effective therapy for carcinoma of the uterine cervix. The endometrium may however receive a consistent dose of mutagenic radiations and patients may have an increased risk of secondary malignancies. Endometrial mixed malignant mullerian tumor (MMMT) is a rare, highly aggressive disease, and neuroendocrine features are even rarer. A 68 years old woman underwent radio-chemotherapy for a squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix. Follow up was uneventful until, eight years after radio-chemotherapy, imaging exams detected a diffuse enlargement of the uterine body...
December 2017: Pathologica
Mika Okazawa-Sakai, Takanori Yokoyama, Etsuko Fujimoto, Shinichi Okame, Yuko Shiroyama, Takashi Yokoyama, Kazuhiro Takehara
BACKGROUND: Taxane/platinum (TP)-based combination chemotherapy is standard for the treatment of metastatic or recurrent cervical cancer. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of postoperative TP therapy in early stage cervical cancer. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients with FIGO IB-IIB stage cervical cancer who were treated with radical hysterectomy and displayed surgical-pathological risk factors was performed. 122 patients were identified between 2003 and 2012...
February 14, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
Zhen Shen, Ying Zhou, Yong Cheng, Min Li, Dabao Wu
Cervical stump cancer is a rare type of disease as total hysterectomies are performed infrequently. The purpose of this retrospective study was to assess the diagnosis, treatment, follow-up methods and complications of 10 patients with cervical stump carcinoma treated with surgery in Anhui Provincial Hospital affiliated to Anhui Medical University (Hefei, China). From January 2006 to October 2016 a total of 10 patients underwent surgery for carcinoma of the cervical stump. The pathological reports revealed 80% of cases were squamous cell carcinoma and 20% of cases were adenocarcinoma...
February 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Naoyuki Ida, Keiichiro Nakamura, Masayuki Saijo, Tomoyuki Kusumoto, Hisashi Masuyama
Systemic inflammatory responses (SIRs) can help predict survival in various cancers. The present study investigated the accuracy of neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and prognostic nutritional index (PNI) in predicting survival for patients with recurrent cervical cancer. A retrospective review of prognoses examined the associations among NLR, PLR, and PNI, and clinical characteristics and survival in 79 patients with recurrent cervical cancer after undergoing concurrent chemoradiation therapy (CCRT) or radical hysterectomies with or without CCRT...
February 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Osman Nuri Dilek, Emine Özlem Gür, Turan Acar, Serpil Aydoğmuş
INTRODUCTION: Endometrial cancer is the fourth most common female cancer and also distant metastases to the chest wall associated with these tumors are seen less common. Surgical treatment options for metastases of endometrial cancer are limited. CASE: A 57-year-old patient who underwent total abdominal hysterectomy + bilateral salpingo oophorectomy and received adjuvant chemotherapy for endometrioid-type adenocarcinoma of the endometrium and tuba is presented...
February 12, 2018: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
Berta Díaz-Feijoo, Melisa Bradbury, Assumpció Pérez-Benavente, Silvia Franco-Camps, Antonio Gil-Moreno
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 9, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Sudeep Gupta, Amita Maheshwari, Pallavi Parab, Umesh Mahantshetty, Rohini Hawaldar, Supriya Sastri Chopra, Rajendra Kerkar, Reena Engineer, Hemant Tongaonkar, Jaya Ghosh, Seema Gulia, Neha Kumar, T Surappa Shylasree, Renuka Gawade, Yogesh Kembhavi, Madhuri Gaikar, Santosh Menon, Meenakshi Thakur, Shyam Shrivastava, Rajendra Badwe
Purpose We compared the efficacy and toxicity of neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by radical surgery versus standard cisplatin-based chemoradiation in patients with locally advanced squamous cervical cancer. Patients and Methods This was a single-center, phase III, randomized controlled trial ( identifier: NCT00193739). Eligible patients were between 18 and 65 years old and had stage IB2, IIA, or IIB squamous cervical cancer. They were randomly assigned, after stratification by stage, to receive either three cycles of neoadjuvant chemotherapy using paclitaxel and carboplatin once every 3 weeks followed by radical hysterectomy or standard radiotherapy with concomitant cisplatin once every week for 5 weeks...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Valerio Gallotta, Carmine Conte, Alex Federico, Giuseppe Vizzielli, Salvatore Gueli Alletti, Lucia Tortorella, Luigi Pedone Anchora, Francesco Cosentino, Vito Chiantera, Anna Fagotti, Marco D'Indinosante, Silvia Pelligra, Giovanni Scambia, Gabriella Ferrandina
BACKGROUND: This study aims at evaluating the feasibility, surgical outcome and oncological results observed after robotic radical hysterectomy (RH) compared to laparoscopy for patients with early stage cervical cancer (ECC) patients. METHODS: Between January 2010 and October 2016, 210 patients underwent RH for treatment of ECC: 70 underwent robotic approach (Cases), and 140 underwent laparoscopic approach (Controls). RESULTS: There was no statistically significant difference between the two approaches with regard to clinical patient characteristics and in terms of extent of RH and rate of pelvic and aortic lymphadenectomy...
February 5, 2018: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
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