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Anterior Lumbar Intervertebral Fusion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675672/low-virulence-bacterial-infections-in-cervical-intervertebral-discs-a-prospective-case-series
#1
Yilei Chen, Xianjun Wang, Xuyang Zhang, Hong Ren, Bao Huang, Jian Chen, Junhui Liu, Zhi Shan, Zhihai Zhu, Fengdong Zhao
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cross-sectional case series study. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of low virulence disc infection and its associations with characteristics of patients or discs in the cervical spine. BACKGROUND: Low virulence bacterial infections could be a possible cause of intervertebral disc degeneration and/or back pain. Controversies are continuing over whether these bacteria, predominantly Propionibacterium acnes (P...
April 19, 2018: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529003/selective-anterior-lumbar-interbody-fusion-for-low-back-pain-associated-with-degenerative-disc-disease-versus-nonsurgical-management
#2
John P Kleimeyer, Ivan Cheng, Todd F Alamin, Serena S Hu, Thomas Cha, Vijay Yanamadala, Kirkham B Wood
STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the long-term outcomes of selective one- to two-level anterior lumbar interbody fusions (ALIFs) in the lower lumbar spine versus continued nonsurgical management. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Low back pain associated with lumbar intervertebral disc degeneration is common with substantial economic impact, yet treatment remains controversial. Surgical fusion has previously provided mixed results with limited durable improvement of pain and function...
March 9, 2018: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526639/the-effect-of-inter-body-fusion-cage-design-on-the-stability-of-the-instrumented-spine-in-response-to-cyclic-loading-an-experimental-study
#3
Ron N Alkalay, Robert Adamson, Michael W Groff
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: In the lumbar spine, end plate preparation for the interbody fusion cages may critically affect the cage's long term performance. This study investigated the effect of the interbody cage design on the compliance and cage subsidence of instrumented spines under cyclic compression. PURPOSE: To quantify the role of cage geometry and bone density on the stability of the spinal construct in response to cyclic compressive loads. STUDY DESIGN: Changes in the cage-bone interface and the effect of bone density on these changes were evaluated in a human cadaveric model for three intervertebral cage designs...
March 8, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505978/clinical-and-radiological-outcomes-after-stand-alone-alif-for-single-l5-s1-degenerative-discopathy-using-a-peek-cage-filled-with-hydroxyapatite-nanoparticles-without-bone-graft
#4
Gilles Norotte, Carlos Barrios
OBJECTIVE: Recent improvements in cage designs with integral fixation and screw attachments have made stand-alone ALIF a viable option with several possible advantages. The aim of this study was to confirm the efficacy and safety of a PEEK cage filled with hydroxyapatite nanoparticles without adding a bone graft for stand-alone ALIF in the treatment of L5-S1 isolated degenerative disc discopathy (DDD). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Sixty-five patients who required surgery for DDD were evaluated...
January 31, 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503679/psoas-morphology-differs-between-supine-and-sitting-magnetic-resonance-imaging-lumbar-spine-implications-for-lateral-lumbar-interbody-fusion
#5
Aaron J Buckland, Bryan M Beaubrun, Evan Isaacs, John Moon, Peter Zhou, Sam Horn, Gregory Poorman, Jared C Tishelman, Louis M Day, Thomas J Errico, Peter G Passias, Themistocles Protopsaltis
Study Design: Retrospective radiological review. Purpose: To quantify the effect of sitting vs supine lumbar spine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and change in anterior displacement of the psoas muscle from L1-L2 to L4-L5 discs. Overview of Literature: Controversy exists in determining patient suitability for lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) based on psoas morphology. The effect of posture on psoas morphology has not previously been studied; however, lumbar MRI may be performed in sitting or supine positions...
February 2018: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29481867/circumferential-minimally-invasive-approach-for-low-grade-isthmic-spondylolisthesis-a-clinical-and-radiological-study-of-43-patients
#6
K Farah, T Graillon, P Rakotozanany, S Pesenti, B Blondel, S Fuentes
INTRODUCTION: Circumferential fusion for lumbar low-grade isthmic spondylolisthesis (LGIS) provides the best spinal stability and highest fusion rates. The aim of this study is to investigate results of minimal invasive management of LGIS and correlations between Intervertebral Foramen Surface (IFS) and other parameters. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed cases of 43 patients who underwent a minimally invasive circumferential fusion (Anterior lumbar interbody fusion followed by percutaneous posterior pedicle screw fixation) for LGIS between January 2010 and December 2014 in our institution...
February 23, 2018: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462728/treatment-of-lumbar-discitis-using-silicon-nitride-spinal-spacers-a-case-series-and-literature-review
#7
William M Rambo
INTRODUCTION: Septic infection of a lumbar intervertebral disc is a serious disorder which is often difficult to diagnose and appropriately treat because of the rarity of the disease, the varied presentation of symptoms, and the frequency of low-back pain within the overall population. Its etiology can be pyogenic, granulomatous, fungal, or parasitic; its incidence is rising due to increased patient susceptibility and improved diagnostic tools. Conservative treatments involve antibiotics, physical therapy, and/or immobilization...
February 10, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382297/awareness-of-middle-sacral-artery-pathway-a-cadaveric-study-of-the-presacral-area
#8
Weerasak Singhatanadgige, Daniel G Kang, Dol Wiranuwat, Chotetawan Tanavalee, Wicharn Yingsakmongkol, Worawat Limthongkul
PURPOSE: To assess the anatomic path of the middle sacral artery (MSA) at the presacral area and its relationship to the spinal midline during an axial lumbar interbody fusion (AxiaLif) approach. METHODS: Fifty human cadavers (25 males, 25 females) were used in this study. A transabdominal approach was used to expose the anterior aspect of the L5/S1 intervertebral disc and the presacral space. We measured the size and distance from the spinal midline at the following positions: (a) middle of the L5/S1 disc level, (b) 1 cm below the sacral promontory (SP), and (c) 2 cm below the SP...
January 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354736/anterior-lumbar-interbody-fusion-alif-as-an-option-for-recurrent-disc-herniations-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Kevin Phan, Alan Lackey, Nicholas Chang, Yam-Ting Ho, David Abi-Hanna, Jack Kerferd, Monish M Maharaj, Rhiannon M Parker, Gregory M Malham, Ralph J Mobbs
Background: Recurrent intervertebral disc herniation is a relatively common occurrence after primary discectomy for lumbar intervertebral disc herniation. For recurrent herniations after repeat discectomies, a growing body of evidence suggests that fusion is effective in appropriately selected cases. Theoretically, anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) allows for comprehensive discectomy, less trauma to spinal nerves and paraspinal muscles and avoidance of the disadvantages of repeat posterior approaches...
December 2017: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765807/the-influence-of-lordotic-cages-on-creating-sagittal-balance-in-the-cmis-treatment-of-adult-spinal-deformity
#10
Neel Anand, Ryan B Cohen, Jason Cohen, Babak Kahndehroo, Sheila Kahwaty, Eli Baron
BACKGROUND: CMIS techniques are heavily dependent on placement of lateral interbody cages. Cages with an increased lordotic angle are being advocated to improve segmental lordosis and SVA. We assessed the segmental lordosis achieved with the individual cages. We further studied three variables and the effect each had on segmental lordosis: the lordosis angle of the cage, the position of the cage in the intervertebral space, and the level that it has been placed. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of 66 consecutive patients who underwent lateral interbody fusion using lordotic cages as part of CMIS correction of scoliosis from June 2012 to January 2016...
2017: International Journal of Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475020/anterior-cage-dislodgement-in-posterior-lumbar-interbody-fusion-a-review-of-12-patients
#11
MULTICENTER STUDY
Shuhei Murase, Yasushi Oshima, Yujiro Takeshita, Kota Miyoshi, Kazuhito Soma, Naohiro Kawamura, Junichi Kunogi, Takashi Yamazaki, Dai Ariyoshi, Shigeo Sano, Hirohiko Inanami, Katsushi Takeshita, Sakae Tanaka
OBJECTIVE Interbody fusion cages are widely used to achieve initial fixation and secure spinal fusion; however, there are certain technique-related complications. Although anterior cage dislodgement can cause major vascular injury, the incidence is extremely rare. Here, the authors performed a review of anterior cage dislodgement following posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) surgery. METHODS The authors retrospectively reviewed the cases of 4625 patients who had undergone PLIF at 6 institutions between December 2007 and March 2015...
July 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433838/outcome-of-anterior-lumbar-interbody-fusion-a-retrospective-study-of-clinical-and-radiologic-parameters
#12
Harry Pinson, Giorgio Hallaert, Patrick Herregodts, Karel Everaert, Tim Couvreur, Jacques Caemaert, Jean-Pierre Kalala, Dirk Van Roost
OBJECTIVE: This study critically evaluates the long-term results of standalone anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF), without use of rhBMP-2, as a therapeutic option for symptomatic patients with degenerative disc disease (DDD). Furthermore, this study intends to identify predictive parameters for anterior lumbar interbody fusion outcome. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study with additional telephone interview to obtain missing data was performed. All patients who underwent an L4-L5 or L5-S1 ALIF-procedure, or both, in the period between 2006 and 2011 were identified...
July 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352485/lateral-lumbar-interbody-fusion-for-ossification-of-the-yellow-ligament-in-the-lumbar-spine-first-reported-case
#13
Kengo Fujii, Tetsuya Abe, Toru Funayama, Hiroshi Noguchi, Keita Nakayama, Kousei Miura, Katsuya Nagashima, Hiroshi Kumagai, Masashi Yamazaki
When ossification of the yellow ligament (OYL) occurs in the lumbar spine and extends to the lateral wall of the spinal canal, facetectomy is required to remove all of the ossified lesion and achieve decompression. Subsequent posterior fixation with interbody fusion will then be necessary to prevent postoperative progression of the ossification and intervertebral instability. The technique of lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) has recently been introduced. Using this procedure, surgeons can avoid excess blood loss from the extradural venous plexus and detachment of the ossified lesion and the ventral dura mater is avoidable...
2017: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128701/an-in-vitro-study-examining-a-novel-suction-curette-device-for-lumbar-discectomy-compared-with-standard-manual-discectomy
#14
COMPARATIVE STUDY
William F Lavelle, Nathaniel R Ordway, Ali Araghi, Rudolph A Buckley, Amir H Fayyazi
OBJECTIVE This purpose of this study was to objectively evaluate and assess the efficacy and efficiency of discectomy and endplate preparation during transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) using traditional manual instrumentation versus a novel suction discectomy curette. Transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion is the most widely used approach for lumbar arthrodesis, and its success depends on the ability to achieve fusion. Complete preparation of intervertebral disc space (removal of the nucleus, endplate cartilage, and margin of inner annulus) is the surgical goal...
April 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955704/first-report-on-treating-spontaneous-infectious-spondylodiscitis-of-lumbar-spine-with-posterior-debridement-posterior-instrumentation-and-an-injectable-calcium-sulfate-hydroxyapatite-composite-eluting-gentamicin-a-case-report
#15
Richard Bostelmann, Hans Jakob Steiger, Armin O Scholz
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous infectious spondylodiscitis is a rare, but serious disease with the risk of progressive neurological impairment. The surgical approach to spontaneous infectious spondylodiscitis is in most cases an anterior debridement and fusion, often in staged surgeries. Here we report a case of single-stage posterior debridement and posterior instrumented fusion in combination with an injectable calcium sulfate/hydroxyapatite composite eluting gentamicin. CASE PRESENTATION: A 59-year-old Caucasian man presented with a 6-week history of lumbar pain without sensory or motor disorders of his lower extremities...
December 12, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902591/a-novel-indication-for-a-method-in-the-treatment-of-lumbar-tuberculosis-through-minimally-invasive-extreme-lateral-interbody-fusion-xlif-in-combination-with-percutaneous-pedicle-screws-fixation-in-an-elderly-patient-a-case-report
#16
Qiyou Wang, Yichun Xu, Ruiqiang Chen, Jianwen Dong, Bin Liu, Limin Rong
RATIONALE: To describe a novel indication for a method through minimally invasive extreme lateral interbody fusion (XLIF) in combination with percutaneous pedicle screwsfixation in the treatment of lumbar tuberculosis (TB) in an elderly patient, and its clinical efficacy and feasibility. Lumbar TB is a destructive form of TB. Antituberculous treatment should be started as early as possible. In some circumstances, however, surgical debridement with or without stabilization of the spine appears to be beneficial and may be recommended...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751929/intraoperative-loss-of-tibialis-anterior-transcranial-electrical-motor-evoked-potentials-predicted-postoperative-footdrop
#17
Qing Yue, Tyson Hale, Aaron Knecht, Jennifer Laidacker
BACKGROUND: Footdrop secondary to L5 root injury is a rare complication associated with lumbar surgery. It is unclear whether intraoperative neuromonitoring can detect such an injury. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 54-year-old man who had had bilateral chronic L5 radiculopathy underwent L4-S1 lumbosacral decompression and fusion. During surgery, the patient lost transcranial electrical motor evoked potentials (tceMEPs) from the left tibialis anterior (TA) at the time of L5-S1 intervertebral cage placement...
January 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672641/small-bowel-entrapment-and-ureteropelvic-junction-disruption-associated-with-l3-chance-fracture-dislocation
#18
Sebastien Pesenti, Benjamin Blondel, Alice Faure, Emilie Peltier, Franck Launay, Jean-Luc Jouve
Paediatric Chance fracture are rare lesions but often associated with abdominal injuries. We herein present the case of a seven years old patient who sustained an entrapment of small bowel and an ureteropelvic disruption associated with a Chance fracture and spine dislocation following a traffic accident. Initial X-rays and computed tomographic (CT) scan showed a Chance fracture with dislocation of L3 vertebra, with an incarceration of a small bowel loop in the spinal canal and a complete section of the left lumbar ureter...
September 16, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27593839/comparison-of-stabilization-and-fusion-methods-with-xenograft-plate-screws-after-anterior-lumbar-corpectomy-in-dogs
#19
Bunyamin Calisir, Murat Ulutas, Suat Boyaci, Kaya Aksoy
AIM: Fusion development is the primary goal in spinal surgeries that are conducted for the treatment of vertebral body pathologies such as trauma, tumor and infection. Stabilization using metal plate screws together either with an autograft, allograft or xenograft is used. We evaluated fusion development in stabilizations that were carried out with xenograft (XG) with XG plate-screw (XPS) and XG with metal plate-screw (MPS) systems in dogs" lumbar vertebrae (L5-7 segment) in terms of radiological, biomechanical and histopathological aspects...
2017: Turkish Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497891/are-modic-changes-associated-with-intervertebral-disc-cytokine-profiles
#20
Gregory D Schroeder, Dessislava Z Markova, John D Koerner, Jeffery A Rihn, Alan S Hilibrand, Alexander R Vaccaro, D Greg Anderson, Christopher K Kepler
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Degenerative changes including Modic changes (MCs) are commonly observed in patients with chronic low back pain. Although intervertebral disc (IVD) cytokine expression has been shown to be associated with low back pain, the cytokine profile for degenerative IVD with and without MC has not been compared. PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the potential association between IVD cytokine expression and MCs. STUDY DESIGN: A laboratory study was carried out...
January 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
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