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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053409/amnestic-heterosexism-and-bystander-responses-to-anti-gay-bullying
#1
Jennifer Katz, Dillon Federici, Tess Ramos-Dries
Amnestic heterosexism (AH) reflects the belief that, in contemporary society, people who are lesbian, gay, or bisexual (LGB) no longer experience discrimination related to sexual orientation. We investigated potential associations between individuals' AH beliefs and their responses to anti-gay bullying. Heterosexual undergraduates (N = 238) completed a measure of AH before responding to a scenario in which a man accuses another man of being a "fag." As expected, those with greater AH beliefs perceived the situation as less severe/dangerous, felt less personally responsible to intervene, and were more blaming toward the target of bullying...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049497/optimizing-the-clinical-care-of-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-older-adults
#2
Alexia M Torke, Jennifer L Carnahan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 16, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047021/the-influence-of-constructed-family-membership-on-hiv-risk-behaviors-among-gay-bisexual-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-new-orleans
#3
Meagan C Zarwell, William T Robinson
Gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) represent more new HIV infections than all other at-risk populations. Many young black MSM belong to constructed families (i.e., the house ball community, gay families, and pageant families) which are often organized in a family structure with members referred to as parents and children. Many constructed families are associated with a family surname which is informally adopted by members. In some cases, however, constructed families do not identify with a collective family name...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045707/the-social-determinants-of-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-youth-suicidality-in-england-a-mixed-methods-study
#4
Elizabeth McDermott, Elizabeth Hughes, Victoria Rawlings
Background: Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) youth have a higher risk of suicidality and self-harm than heterosexual youth populations but little is known about the underlying mechanisms. We aimed to investigate the social determinants of this mental health inequality. Methods: A two-stage sequential mixed method study was conducted. Firstly, 29 semi-structured interviews with LGBT youth (aged 13-25 years old) were completed. Data was analysed thematically...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043852/beliefs-about-others-perceptions-gender-typicality-scale-development-and-relationships-to-gender-nonconformity-sexual-orientation-and-well-being
#5
Laura Green, Katharine A Rimes, Qazi Rahman
The purpose of this study was to develop a measure of "other-perceived" gender typicality and test its relationship with gender nonconformity, sexual orientation, and psychological distress. Data on these variables were collected from 632 participants (142 heterosexual men, 77 gay men, 50 bisexual men, 174 heterosexual women, 85 lesbian women, and 104 bisexual women). We designed a Beliefs About Others' Perceptions-Gender Typicality (BOP-GT) scale on which participants reported how masculine or feminine they thought other people perceived their gendered behavior, interests, appearance, and activities...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043846/-gay-equals-white-racial-ethnic-and-sexual-identities-and-attitudes-toward-lgbt-individuals-among-college-students-at-a-bible-belt-university
#6
Meredith G F Worthen
While past research has certainly explored a variety of correlates of attitudes toward lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals, the current study is among the first in an emerging line of inquiry that examines attitudes toward each of these groups separately utilizing an intersectional framework with special attention to racial, ethnic, and sexual identities. Using a college sample of students from the Bible Belt of the United States (N = 1,940), I investigated the roles of racial and ethnic identities (Caucasian/White, African American/Black, Asian/Pacific Islander, Native American/Alaskan Native, other race, and Hispanic/Latinx), religiosity, patriarchal gender norms, parental perspectives, and the intersections among these identities and experiences as they relate to attitudes toward LGBT individuals among heterosexual (n = 1,551) and LGB respondents (n = 389)...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042372/awareness-and-willingness-towards-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-against-hiv-infection-among-individuals-seeking-voluntary-counselling-and-testing-for-hiv-in-taiwan-a-cross-sectional-questionnaire-survey
#7
Yi-Chieh Lee, Sui-Yuan Chang, Kuan-Yin Lin, Lan-Hsin Chang, Wen-Chun Liu, Cheng-Hsin Wu, Hsin-Yun Sun, Chien-Ching Hung, Shan-Chwen Chang
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the awareness and willingness towards pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) among individuals seeking voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) for HIV in Taiwan, where PrEP is currently not reimbursed by the insurance. METHODS: Between April and October 2016, a questionnaire interview was conducted among VCT clients to inquire about the attitudes towards PrEP against HIV infection. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the associated factors with willingness to initiate PrEP...
October 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041006/deciphering-the-social-organization-and-structure-of-wild-yunnan-snub-nosed-monkeys-rhinopithecus-bieti
#8
Cyril C Grueter, Dayong Li, Baoping Ren, Fuwen Wei, Ming Li
The social organization of natural groups of Rhinopithecus bieti (Yunnan snub-nosed monkey) is virtually unknown. We studied the demography and social structure of a free-ranging group at Samage Forest, China, for nearly 2 years. This study confirmed that R. bieti exhibits a multilevel social organization of core 1-male units (OMUs) that congregate in a band of >400 members. Even though the band appeared to be unified for the most part, we also witnessed occasional fission-fusion. OMUs were cohesive entities, and their members were spatially and socially isolated from members of other OMUs...
October 18, 2017: Folia Primatologica; International Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039769/-their-packaging-has-always-been-like-a-power-a-qualitative-study-of-u-s-smokers-perceptions-of-cigarette-pack-visual-design-features-to-inform-product-regulation
#9
Joseph G L Lee, Paige E Averett, Tiffany Blanchflower, Nunzio Landi, Kyle R Gregory
Cigarette packaging matters to consumer behavior. However, it is less clear which changes to packaging design would be salient for adult smokers. Such information is critically important to regulators in the United States who are charged with reviewing new tobacco products for their impact on population health. In this qualitative study, U.S. adult smokers (n = 33) participated in six telephone-based focus groups in March 2017. Separate groups were comprised of lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) participants; participants with less than four years of post-secondary education; a mix of LGB and straight participants; and, the general population...
October 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033695/sexual-health-knowledge-and-stigma-in-a-community-sample-of-hiv-positive-gay-bisexual-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-puerto-rico
#10
Edgardo J Ortiz-Sánchez, Carlos E Rodríguez-Díaz, Gerardo G Jovet-Toledo, Edda I Santiago-Rodríguez, Ricardo L Vargas-Molina, Scott D Rhodes
Gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM) are at increased risk for HIV infection and disease progression. Also, HIV-positive GBMSM are among those less likely to be retained in care. In this study we analyzed sexual health knowledge (SHK) and various manifestations of stigma in a community sample of HIV-positive GBMSM in Puerto Rico. The sample reports overall low SHK scores, and lower score were associated with low educational attainment, unemployment, low income, and with self-identifying heterosexual participants...
2017: Journal of HIV/AIDS & Social Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032496/school-practices-to-foster-lgbt-supportive-climate-associations-with-adolescent-bullying-involvement
#11
Amy L Gower, Myriam Forster, Kari Gloppen, Abigail Z Johnson, Marla E Eisenberg, John E Connett, Iris W Borowsky
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth experience disproportionate rates of bullying compared to their heterosexual peers. Schools are well-positioned to address these disparities by creating supportive school climates for LGBT youth, but more research is needed to examine the variety of practices and professional development opportunities put in place to this end. The current study examines how school practices to create supportive LGBT student climate relate to student reports of bullying. Student-level data come from the 2013 Minnesota Student Survey, a state-wide survey of risk and protective factors...
October 14, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028455/health-indicators-for-older-sexual-minorities-national-health-interview-survey-2013-2014
#12
Christina N Dragon, Alison M Laffan, Erkan Erdem, Sean Cahill, Daniel Kenefick, Jiahui Ye, Samuel C Haffer
PURPOSE: Advances in lesbian, gay, and bisexual (sexual minority [SM]) acceptance and equality have been made in the past decade. However, certain SM subgroups continue to be disadvantaged due to lack of data and, thus, lack of knowledge about these populations. Data for older sexual minorities are especially lacking and will be increasingly important as more sexual minorities enter older age. This research explores results from a nationally representative health survey to elucidate some health indicators for older sexual minorities...
October 13, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028416/differences-in-risky-sexual-behavior-according-to-sexual-orientation-in-korean-adolescents
#13
Ji-Su Kim, Kyunghee Kim, Yeunhee Kwak
Adolescents in sexual minority groups are known to be at risk of contracting sexually transmitted diseases through risky sexual behavior. However, few studies have examined associations between sexual orientation and risky sexual behavior and sexually transmitted diseases in Korean adolescents. Therefore, this cross-sectional study used raw data from the Tenth Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-Based Survey to explore these relationships. Logistic regression analyses were performed to examine the associations between risky sexual behavior and sexual orientation in adolescents...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023530/allele-specific-expression-at-the-androgen-receptor-alpha-gene-in-a-hybrid-unisexual-fish-the-amazon-molly-poecilia-formosa
#14
Fangjun Zhu, Ingo Schlupp, Ralph Tiedemann
The all-female Amazon molly (Poecilia formosa) is the result of a hybridization of the Atlantic molly (P. mexicana) and the sailfin molly (P. latipinna) approximately 120,000 years ago. As a gynogenetic species, P. formosa needs to copulate with heterospecific males including males from one of its bisexual ancestral species. However, the sperm only triggers embryogenesis of the diploid eggs. The genetic information of the sperm donor typically will not contribute to the next generation of P. formosa. Hence, P...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023144/birth-cohort-differences-in-sexual-identity-development-milestones-among-hiv-negative-gay-and-bisexual-men-in-the-united-states
#15
Christian Grov, H Jonathon Rendina, Jeffrey T Parsons
The coming-out process for gay and bisexual men (GBM) involves crossing sexual identity development (SID) milestones: (1) self-awareness of sexual attraction to the same sex, (2) self-acceptance of an identity as gay or bisexual, (3) disclosure of this sexual identity to others, and (4) having sex with someone of the same sex. We examined trends in SID milestones by birth cohort in a 2015 U.S. national sample of GBM (n = 1,023). Birth cohort was independent of when men first felt sexually attracted to someone of the same sex (median age 11 to 12)...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023141/sexual-identity-disclosure-and-awareness-of-hiv-prevention-methods-among-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#16
Ryan J Watson, Jessica N Fish, Aerielle Allen, Lisa Eaton
Black men who have sex with men (BMSM) are disproportionately affected by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic, yet we know little about how HIV-negative BMSM of different sexual orientations access HIV prevention strategies. Identity development, minority stress, and disclosure theories suggest that for people of different sexual orientations, disclosure of sexual identity may be related to health behaviors. We performed a latent class analysis on a sample of 650 BMSM (Mage = 33.78, SD = 11...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021080/substantial-increase-in-yield-of-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-testing-2008-2013-at-a-sydney-metropolitan-sexual-health-clinic-an-observational-study
#17
Preethi Rajagopal, Sian L Goddard, David J Templeton
Background: A substantial increase in gonorrhoea notifications in New South Wales has been observed in recent years. Methods: We assessed yield of testing and characteristics of those diagnosed with gonorrhoea from January 2008 to December 2013 at RPA Sexual Health in the inner-west of Sydney. Yield was defined as the proportion of testing occasions which were positive for gonorrhoea. Generalised estimating equations were used to calculate trends in yield over time. Results: During the 6-year study period, 6456 individuals (4308 males, 2124 females, 24 transgender individuals) were tested on 12799 occasions; this included 2441 gay and bisexual men (GBM) who were tested on 6945 occasions...
October 12, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021010/exposure-to-community-violence-among-low-income-african-american-youth-in-chicago-a-latent-class-analysis
#18
Dexter R Voisin, Dong Ha Kim, Lynn Michalopoulos, Sadiq Patel
African American youth are exposed to some of the highest rates of exposure to community violence. However, few studieshave explored factors related to exposures and various subtypes of exposures to community violence (i.e., no exposure, witnessing only and being a witness/victim). Among a matched sample of 129 African American youth and their caregivers, no exposure to community violence was correlated with being heterosexual versus being a lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) person, having parents who owned their homes versus rented, and having higher authoritarian parenting attitudes...
October 11, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020574/suicidal-and-help-seeking-behaviors-among-youth-in-an-online-lesbian-gay-bisexual-transgender-queer-and-questioning-social-network
#19
Megan C Lytle, Vincent M B Silenzio, Christopher M Homan, Phoenix Schneider, Eric D Caine
LGBTQ youth have a great burden for suicidal ideation/behavior compared to their non-LGBTQ peers. While scholars have explored risk factors for suicidal behaviors, little is known about protective factors among LGBTQ youth, let alone within group differences in terms of help-seeking. Data were collected from 203 TrevorSpace (e.g., a social network for LGBTQ youth) users via online survey to examine suicidal and help-seeking behaviors among LGBTQ individuals. Among participants who reported suicidal ideation/behavior, a large proportion did not seek help (73...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017561/trial-and-error-evaluating-and-refining-a-community-model-of-hiv-testing-in-australia
#20
Kathleen E Ryan, Alisa Pedrana, David Leitinger, Anna L Wilkinson, Peter Locke, Margaret E Hellard, Mark Stoové
BACKGROUND: The 2012 regulatory approval of HIV rapid point of care (RPOC) tests in Australia and a national strategic focus on HIV testing provided a catalyst for implementation of non-clinical HIV testing service models. PRONTO! opened in 2013 as a two-year trial delivering peer-led community-based HIV RPOC tests targeting gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men (GBM), with the aim of increasing HIV testing frequency. Initial data suggested this aim was not achieved and, as part of a broader service evaluation, we sought to explore client acceptability and barriers to testing at PRONTO! to refine the service model...
October 10, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
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