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Katharine A Rimes, Sandhya Shivakumar, Greg Ussher, Dan Baker, Qazi Rahman, Elizabeth West
BACKGROUND: Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) youth have elevated suicidality rates. AIMS: To investigate LGB-related and other factors associated with suicide attempts, suicidal ideation, and future suicide risk in a large UK sample. METHOD: Logistic regression was used to investigate factors associated with suicidality in 3,275 LGB young adults from the Youth Chances project. RESULTS: Suicide attempts (lifetime) were reported by 13...
June 21, 2018: Crisis
Feliciano Villar, Rodrigo Serrat, Montserrat Celdrán, Josep Fabà, M Teresa Martínez
This study aims at exploring staff perceptions of common and best practices toward a situation in which an older resident discloses their non-heterosexual sexual identity, differentiating between gay men, lesbians and bisexuals. A total of 2,254 staff members from 96 Spanish long-term care facilities took part in the study. They were asked about what do they think most of their workmates would do and what they think should be done in a situation in which an older resident discloses his/her non-heterosexual sexual orientation...
June 21, 2018: Journal of Homosexuality
Eugenia Cherkasskaya, Margaret Rosario
We review the theory and research on women's sexual desire and present a theory that incorporates internalized representations of relational and bodily experiences into our understanding of the full range of desire in women. To this end, we move away from the current tendency to focus on low sexual desire in women and instead consider desire on a spectrum or continuum from absent or diminished to high desire across multiple sexual orientations, including heterosexual, bisexual, and lesbian. We review definitions of sexual desire, as well as the epidemiology and etiology of hypoactive sexual desire, the most prevalent sexual complaint in women, including the biological, psychological, and relationship correlates of inhibited sexual desire...
June 20, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
Alexis M Koskan, Madeline Fernandez-Pineda
This study explores understanding of primary and secondary prevention of anal cancer among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected foreign-born Latino gay and bisexual men (GBM). Between August 2015 and December 2016, researchers conducted 33 in-depth, semi-structured interviews with HIV-infected foreign-born Latino GBM. Interview questions sought to determine participants' knowledge and perceived barriers and facilitators to primary and secondary prevention of anal cancer. Researchers analyzed interview transcripts using a qualitative content analysis approach...
January 2018: Cancer Control: Journal of the Moffitt Cancer Center
Annette T Maruca, Desiree A Diaz, Cherrill Stockmann, Laura Gonzalez
AIM: The aim of this research was to evaluate the impact of a transgender simulation on nursing students' affirmative practice when caring for a transgender person. BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of research that assesses the attitudes of nursing students toward lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons and a deficit in nursing curricula regarding LGBT content. METHOD: A nonexperimental, pretest-posttest design was used to evaluate nursing students' affirmative practice when caring for a transgender patient using the Gay Affirmative Practice Scale...
July 2018: Nursing Education Perspectives
Vincent C Allen, Lara A Ray, Hector F Myers
BACKGROUND: Black men who have sex with men (MSM) are disproportionately affected by HIV infection. Efforts are needed to understand correlates of HIV risk among this group. Alcohol consumption may have a role in HIV transmission given its association with condomless sex. This study aimed to examine the association between alcohol consumption (i.e., drinking before/during sex and levels of alcohol use problems) and condom use during lifetime, past 6 months, and the event (i.e., a specific sexual episode) level...
June 20, 2018: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
Sira Korpaisarn, Joshua D Safer
A lack of access to knowledgeable providers is the greatest reported barrier to care for transgender individuals. The purpose of this manuscript is to review the recent literature characterizing transgender medicine education for medical providers and to summarize effective interventions for improving education in transgender care. The PubMed database was searched for all literature that assessed transgender medical education among physicians or trainees and all papers that reported results of transgender-specific educational interventions...
June 19, 2018: Reviews in Endocrine & Metabolic Disorders
Jessica Marsack, Rob Stephenson
End-of-life care has attracted increased attention in recent years due to increases in both the number and mean age of the world's population; however, the experiences of LGBT persons during end-of-life care remain understudied. Given the health disparities and barriers to care experienced throughout the life course of LGBT persons, the frequent involvement of legal spouses in end-of-life care, and the recency of marriage equality, it can be surmised that LGBT persons might experience significantly different barriers to their desired end-of-life care compared to their heterosexual and cisgender counterparts...
June 19, 2018: LGBT Health
Valerie Tobin, Walter O Bockting, Tonda L Hughes
The current study uses an ecological model of biopsychosocial vulnerability to guide the description of risk and protective factors for the mental health of gender minority (i.e., transgender and gender non-conforming) adolescents at the individual, family, community, and societal levels. Minority stress is the vulnerability of youth who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) to adverse mental health outcomes due to stigma. In addition, unlike cisgender (non-transgender) LGB individuals, gender minorities may experience internal stress related to gender dysphoria...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
Jamie Guillory, Kristine F Wiant, Matthew Farrelly, Leah Fiacco, Ishrat Alam, Leah Hoffman, Erik Crankshaw, Janine Delahanty, Tesfa N Alexander
BACKGROUND: Tobacco public education campaigns focus increasingly on hard-to-reach populations at higher risk for smoking, prompting campaign creators and evaluators to develop strategies to reach hard-to-reach populations in virtual and physical spaces where they spend time. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe two novel recruitment strategies (in-person intercept interviews in lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender [LGBT] social venues and targeted social media ads) and compares characteristics of participants recruited via these strategies for the US Food and Drug Administration's This Free Life campaign evaluation targeting LGBT young adults who smoke cigarettes occasionally...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Jane M Ussher, Janette Perz, Duncan Rose, Andrew Kellett, Gary Dowsett
The use of assistive aids in sexual rehabilitation after prostate cancer (PCa) was examined in 124 gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBM) and 225 heterosexual men. GBM were significantly more likely to use assistive aids (79% versus 56%), to try multiple assistive aids (M = 1.65 versus M = 0.83) including medication, penile injection, penile implant, vacuum pump, and nonmedical sex aids, and to seek information about sexual rehabilitation on the Internet, through counseling, or in a support group...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Sex Research
Kate Keenan, Kristen Wroblewski, Phoenix A Matthews, Alison E Hipwell, Stephanie D Stepp
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether childhood body mass index (BMI), assessed in childhood, differs between lesbian/gay and bisexual (LGB) and heterosexual late adolescents, and whether childhood social stressors impact the association between sexual orientation and childhood BMI. METHODS: Participants included 2,070 late adolescents from the Pittsburgh Girls Study, of whom 233 (11.2%) identified as lesbian or bisexual and 1,837 (88.8%) as heterosexual at ages 17-20 years...
2018: PloS One
Jessica A Blayney, Amy Hequembourg, Jennifer A Livingston
Adult sexual assault (ASA) has been linked to numerous negative psychological and behavioral outcomes. Recent research suggests that postassault adaptation may differ based on how the victim conceptualizes their ASA. For instance, women who label their rape experiences as such (i.e., acknowledged rape victims) report worse mental health symptoms than women who do not (i.e., unacknowledged rape victims). To date, this literature has focused exclusively on heterosexual women. Relative to heterosexuals, sexual minority women (SMW) are at greater risk for sexual assault and report worse postassault outcomes, yet little is known about rape acknowledgment in this at-risk population...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Donna Hubbard McCree, Tanja Walker, Elizabeth DiNenno, Brooke Hoots, Eduardo Valverde, M Cheryl Bañez Ocfemia, Janet Heitgerd, JoAna Stallworth, Benny Ferro, Alberto Santana, Emilio German, Norma Harris
From 2010 to 2015, young (13-24 years) Hispanic/Latino gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men (MSM) experienced the largest increase (18%) in numbers of HIV diagnoses among all racial/ethnic groups. In 2016, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) assembled a team of scientists and public health analysts to develop a programmatic approach for addressing the increasing HIV diagnosis among Hispanic/Latino MSM. The team used a data driven review process, i.e., comprehensive review of surveillance, epidemiologic, and programmatic data, to explore key questions from the literature on factors associated with HIV diagnoses among Hispanic/Latino MSM and to inform the approach...
June 14, 2018: Preventive Medicine
Marco D T Scanavino, Ana Ventuneac, Carmita H N Abdo, Hermano Tavares, Maria L S Amaral, Bruna Messina, Sirlene C Reis, João P L B Martins, Jeffrey T Parsons
OBJECTIVE: There is a lack of studies on negative mood states and sexual risk behavior in men of all sexual orientations who seek treatment for excessive sexual behavior (ESB). We aim to examine sexual compulsivity (SC), anxiety, depression, and sexual risk behavior in a treatment-seeking sample of men and controls. METHODS: We enrolled 88 (37 [42%] gay or bisexual and 51 [58%] heterosexual) ESB outpatients and 64 controls. Assessments included the Sexual Compulsivity Scale (SCS), the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and sexual risk behaviors...
June 11, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
David J Brennan, Rusty Souleymanov, Nathan Lachowsky, Gerardo Betancourt, Daniel Pugh, Owen McEwen
The Internet is a common tool for gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) to find sexual partners and sexual health information. Given persistently high human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection rates among MSM, it is important to examine the role of online outreach for MSM as part of HIV prevention and care. We provide an overview of the unique perspectives of online sexual health outreach, delivered through AIDS Service Organizations (ASOs) through sociosexual Internet sites and mobile applications...
June 13, 2018: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
Jacqueline Gahagan, Montse Subirana-Malaret
BACKGROUND: This study explores the perceived barriers to primary health care as identified among a sample of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer (LGBTQ) identified individuals and health care providers in Nova Scotia, Canada. These findings, based on a province-wide anonymous online survey, suggest that additional efforts are needed to improve pathways to primary health among LGBTQ populations and in deepening our understanding of how to advance the unique primary health needs of these populations...
June 13, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
Jordan F Miller
In this article, I discuss how transnormativity can be disrupted by not exaggerating the physical aspects of medical transition and by engaging in conversations around consequential sources of tension within gender and sexual minority communities, namely linguistic understandings of trans and gendered racism within white, gay cisgender communities toward trans communities of color. This study is based on qualitative interviews with six trans YouTubers; these interviews were complemented by analyses of these YouTubers' videos and select comments on these videos...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Homosexuality
Billy A Caceres, Abraham A Brody, Perry N Halkitis, Caroline Dorsen, Gary Yu, Deborah A Chyun
PURPOSE: Despite higher rates of modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in gay and bisexual men, few studies have examined sexual orientation differences in CVD among men. The purpose of this study was to examine sexual orientation differences in modifiable risk factors for CVD and CVD diagnoses in men. METHODS: A secondary analysis of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2001-2012) was conducted. Multiple imputation was performed for missing values...
June 11, 2018: LGBT Health
Joseph J Sabia, Mark Wooden, Thanh Tam Nguyen
Prior research has found that opposite-sex marital and cohabiting relationships are associated with improvements in health. However, studies examining the health dynamics of same-sex relationships are sparser because few nationally representative longitudinal datasets collect information on adults' sexual identity. Using newly available data on sexual minorities from the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) Survey, we estimate the effects of Lesbian/Gay/Bisexual (LGB) identification and same-sex relationships on health dynamics...
February 13, 2018: Economics and Human Biology
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