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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453160/dna-damage-and-micronuclei-in-parthenogenetic-and-bisexual-darevskia-rock-lizards-from-the-areas-with-different-levels-of-soil-pollution
#1
Anna Simonyan, Galina Hovhannisyan, Anzhela Sargsyan, Marine Arakelyan, Seyran Minasyan, Rouben Aroutiounian
Natural species are widely used as indicator organisms to estimate of the impact of environmental pollution. Here we present the results of first study of a reliability of parthenogenetic Darevskia аrmeniaca and bisexual Darevskia raddei rock lizards as sentinels for monitoring of environmental genotoxicity. The comet assay and micronucleus test were applied to the lizards sampled in six areas in Armenia and Artsakh with different levels of soil contamination. The results obtained showed a clear relationship between the pollution level of lizards' habitats and the frequency of DNA damage in the comet assay...
February 13, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450600/sexual-orientation-disparities-in-the-co-occurrence-of-substance-use-and-psychological-distress-a-national-population-based-study-2008-2015
#2
Richard Bränström, John E Pachankis
PURPOSE: Although strong evidence documents the elevated prevalence of both substance use and mental health problems among sexual minorities (i.e., gay, lesbian, and bisexuals), relatively less research has examined whether risk of the co-occurrence of these factors is elevated among sexual minorities compared to heterosexuals. The object of this study was to (1) explore sexual orientation-based differences in substance use, psychological distress, and their co-occurrence in a representative sample in Sweden, and (2) examine if greater exposure to stressors, such as discrimination, victimization/threats, and social isolation, could explain these potential disparities and their co-occurrence...
February 15, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447462/exploring-talk-about-sexuality-and-living-gay-social-lives-among-chinese-and-south-asian-gay-and-bisexual-men-in-auckland-new-zealand
#3
Jeffery Adams, Stephen Neville
OBJECTIVE: To identify ways Chinese and South Asian gay and bisexual men living in Auckland talk about issues related to sexuality and experiences of living 'gay social lives.' Results will be available to inform health policy and practice. DESIGN: A qualitative design with individual interviews and thematic analysis was used. Semi-structured digitally recorded interviews were undertaken with 27 Chinese and 17 South Asian gay and bisexual men living in Auckland...
February 15, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437985/comparing-the-characteristics-of-users-of-an-online-service-for-sti-self-sampling-with-clinic-service-users-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#4
Sharmani Barnard, Caroline Free, Ioannis Bakolis, Katy M E Turner, Katharine J Looker, Paula Baraitser
OBJECTIVES: Online services for self-sampling at home could improve access to STI testing; however, little is known about those using this new modality of care. This study describes the characteristics of users of online services and compares them with users of clinic services. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of routinely collected data on STI testing activity from online and clinic sexual health services in Lambeth and Southwark between 1January 2016 and 31March 2016...
February 7, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436869/quality-of-web-based-family-building-information-for-lgbtq-individuals
#5
Fabiana M Kreines, Alex Farr, Frank A Chervenak, Amos Grünebaum
OBJECTIVE: The number of patients who seek health information on the internet is increasing. Rates are particularly high among lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer (LGBTQ) individuals, due to health care barriers. The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality and inclusivity of web-based information pertaining to LGBTQ family building. METHODS: The first 100 US-based websites pertaining to LGBTQ family building were identified through a terminology-based internet search...
February 13, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436499/profound-genetic-divergence-and-asymmetric-parental-genome-contributions-as-hallmarks-of-hybrid-speciation-in-polyploid-toads
#6
Caroline Betto-Colliard, Sylvia Hofmann, Roberto Sermier, Nicolas Perrin, Matthias Stöck
The evolutionary causes and consequences of allopolyploidization, an exceptional pathway to instant hybrid speciation, are poorly investigated in animals. In particular, when and why hybrid polyploids versus diploids are produced, and constraints on sources of paternal and maternal ancestors, remain underexplored. Using the Palearctic green toad radiation (including bisexually reproducing species of three ploidy levels) as model, we generate a range-wide multi-locus phylogeny of 15 taxa and present four new insights: (i) at least five (up to seven) distinct allotriploid and allotetraploid taxa have evolved in the Pleistocene; (ii) all maternal and paternal ancestors of hybrid polyploids stem from two deeply diverged nuclear clades (6 Mya, 3...
February 14, 2018: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431974/childhood-bullying-implications-for-physicians
#7
Mary M Stephens, Hazel T Cook-Fasano, Katherine Sibbaluca
Childhood bullying is common and can lead to serious adverse physical and mental health effects for both the victim and the bully. In teenagers, risk factors for becoming a victim of bullying include being lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender; having a disability or medical condition such as asthma, diabetes mellitus, a skin condition, or food allergy; or being an outlier in weight and stature. An estimated 20% of youth have been bullied on school property, and 16% have been bullied electronically in the past year...
February 1, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429865/mental-health-drug-use-and-sexual-risk-behavior-among-gay-and-bisexual-men
#8
Garrett Prestage, Mohamed Hammoud, Fengyi Jin, Louisa Degenhardt, Adam Bourne, Lisa Maher
BACKGROUND: Compared to the general population, among gay and bisexual men (GBM) prevalence rates of anxiety and depression, and of drug use, are high. OBJECTIVE: This paper explores the relationship between mental health, sexual risk behavior, and drug use among Australian GBM. We identify factors associated with indicators of poor mental health. METHODS: Between September 2014 and July 2017, 3017 GBM responded to measures of anxiety and depression in an online cohort study of drug use...
February 8, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429864/prevalence-and-correlates-of-recent-injecting-drug-use-among-gay-and-bisexual-men-in-australia-results-from-the-flux-study
#9
H Bui, I Zablotska-Manos, M Hammoud, F Jin, T Lea, A Bourne, J Iversen, N Bath, J Grierson, L Degenhardt, G Prestage, L Maher
BACKGROUND: While illicit drug use is prevalent among gay and bisexual men (GBM) in Australia, little is known about the factors associated with injecting drug use among GBM. METHODS: The Following Lives Undergoing Change (FLUX) study is a national, online prospective observational cohort investigating drug use among Australian GBM. Eligible participants were men living in Australia who were aged 16.5 years or older, identified as gay or bisexual or had sex with at least one man in the last year...
February 8, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422719/burnout-in-hiv-aids-volunteers-a-socio-cultural-analysis-among-latino-gay-bisexual-men-and-transgender-people
#10
Yamile Molina, Jessica Dirkes, Jesus Ramirez-Valles
Understanding factors associated with burnout among HIV/AIDS volunteers has long-ranging implications for community organizations and prevention. Using a cross-sectional sample of Latino gay/bisexual men and transgender people (N=309), we assess potential correlates of burnout identified by multiple theories, including factors associated with volunteering (experiences, motives) and contextual factors (stigma, sense of community). Reporting negative volunteering experiences was positively associated with burnout, while being motivated by personal HIV/AIDS experiences and having a greater sense of GLBT community was negatively related to burnout...
December 2017: Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422452/population-size-estimation-of-gay-and-bisexual-men-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men-using-social-media-based-platforms
#11
Stefan Baral, Rachael M Turner, Carrie E Lyons, Sean Howell, Brian Honermann, Alex Garner, Robert Hess, Daouda Diouf, George Ayala, Patrick S Sullivan, Greg Millett
BACKGROUND: Gay, bisexual, and other cisgender men who have sex with men (GBMSM) are disproportionately affected by the HIV pandemic. Traditionally, GBMSM have been deemed less relevant in HIV epidemics in low- and middle-income settings where HIV epidemics are more generalized. This is due (in part) to how important population size estimates regarding the number of individuals who identify as GBMSM are to informing the development and monitoring of HIV prevention, treatment, and care programs and coverage...
February 8, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420444/an-application-of-syndemic-theory-to-identify-drivers-of-the-syphilis-epidemic-among-gay-bisexual-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#12
Olivier Ferlatte, Travis Salway, Hasina Samji, Naomi Dove, Dionne Gesink, Mark Gilbert, John L Oliffe, Troy Grennan, Jason Wong
BACKGROUND: We applied syndemic theory to explore the degree to which syndemic conditions explain the syphilis epidemic affecting Canadian gay and bisexual men who have sex with men (GBMSM). METHODS: Data from a national survey comprising 7872 GBMSM were analyzed using multivariable logistic regression to measure associations between recent syphilis diagnosis (RSD; in previous 12 months) and the following variables: (1) sociodemographic information (sexuality, HIV status, age, income, ethnicity, relationship status), (2) antigay stigma (bullying, physical violence, sexual violence, career discrimination, health care discrimination), (3) syndemic conditions (suicidality, intimate partner violence, depression, illicit substance use, binge drinking), (4) sexual behaviors, (5) health care discrimination, and (6) the cumulative count of antigay experiences and syndemic conditions...
March 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416945/how-cultural-alignment-and-the-use-of-incentives-can-promote-a-culture-of-health-stakeholder-perspectives
#13
Martin Laurie T, May Linnea Warren, Weilant Sarah, Acosta Joie D, Chandra Anita
In 2013, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation embarked on a pioneering effort to advance a Culture of Health. This report focuses on two questions that are central to understanding how individuals and sectors think about health and are motivated to promote it: How can the commonly understood concepts of cultural identity (e.g., ethnic or religious; lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender plus; military) and organizational culture be harnessed to develop a Culture of Health? How can incentives be used to promote individual health and engage investors and leaders within organizations or governments to promote health and well-being broadly? This study draws on 43 one-hour semistructured interviews that RAND researchers conducted with stakeholders whose work focused on cultural alignment, incentives, or both to learn how organizations are addressing and leveraging culture and incentives to promote health and well-being, as well as to identify facilitators, barriers, potential best practices, and lessons learned...
January 2018: Rand Health Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415218/packing-and-postirradiation-handling-of-the-anastrepha-ludens-diptera-tephritidae-tapachula-7-genetic-sexing-strain-combined-effects-of-hypoxia-pupal-size-and-temperature-on-adult-quality
#14
José Arredondo, Lia Ruiz, Pablo Montoya, Francisco Díaz-Fleischer
The production of genetic sexing strains (GSS) of tephritid flies for sterile insect technique (SIT) programs convey the need to determine new conditions for packing and shipment since these flies are more susceptible to stressors than standard bisexual strains. We studied the effect of hypoxia, pupae size, and temperature on the new GSS Tapachula-7 of Anastrepha ludens flies (Diptera: Tephritidae). In one experiment, we tested the interaction size hypoxia using three pupae sizes, 6 (11.6 ± 1.1 mg), 7 (15...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414915/characteristics-of-stress-and-suicidal-ideation-in-the-disclosure-of-sexual-orientation-among-young-french-lgb-adults
#15
Elodie Charbonnier, Florence Dumas, Adam Chesterman, Pierluigi Graziani
BACKGROUND: Lesbians, gays, and bisexual people (LGB) present high levels of suicidal ideation. The disclosure of sexual orientation is a stressful experience which presents a high suicide risk. Research has not paid sufficient attention to stress during this disclosure in order to understand suicide among LGB people. The aims of this study were to investigate: (1) the characteristics of stress during this revelation, more precisely cognitive appraisal, emotions, and coping; and (2) associations between these characteristics and suicidal ideation...
February 7, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412771/human-papillomavirus-vaccine-awareness-among-hiv-positive-gay-and-bisexual-men-a-qualitative-study
#16
Alexis M Koskan, Madeline Fernández-Pineda
PURPOSE: This study explores HIV-positive gay and bisexual men's (GBM) understanding of human papillomavirus (HPV) and the HPV vaccine. METHODS: Researchers conducted 15 in-depth interviews with HIV-positive GBM between the ages of 18-30 years old. RESULTS: Two participants had received a single dose of the HPV vaccine. Otherwise, the majority of participants had either never heard of the HPV vaccine or they perceived it as a resource for women only...
February 7, 2018: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411998/understanding-and-reducing-sexual-prejudice-in-jamaica-theoretical-and-practical-insights-from-a-severely-anti-gay-society
#17
Keon West
Jamaica has earned an international reputation for severe sexual prejudice-perhaps disproportionately so compared to other severely anti-LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender) societies. Until recently, however, no quantitative empirical research had investigated Jamaica's sexual prejudice, leaving the prejudice poorly understood and methods of reducing it unclear. This article reviews empirical research on Jamaican anti-LGBT prejudice from the past 15 years. It situates Jamaica within the global context, explains the current understanding of the severity and nature of the problem, evaluates solutions currently being explored, and suggests promising strategies based on available evidence...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411656/adapting-evidence-based-teen-pregnancy-programs-to-be-lgbt-inclusive-lessons-learned
#18
Karen Stradford Boyce, Madeline Travers, Betty Rothbart, Vivian Santiago, Jane Bedell
CONTEXT: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth show higher rates of sexual risk behaviors than heterosexual and cisgender youth; yet, most school-based sexual health education is largely heteronormative and cisnormative and does not recognize the spectrum of sexual and gender identity. New York City's Departments of Health and Education collaborated to create an LGBT-inclusive supplement to the Reducing the Risk curriculum and implement it in 21 South Bronx high schools...
February 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406395/benefits-of-implementing-and-improving-collection-of-sexual-orientation-and-gender-identity-data-in-electronic-health-records
#19
Jordon D Bosse, Raeann G Leblanc, Kasey Jackman, Ragnhildur I Bjarnadottir
Individuals in lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender communities experience several disparities in physical and mental health (eg, cardiovascular disease and depression), as well as difficulty accessing care that is compassionate and relevant to their unique needs. Access to care is compromised in part due to inadequate information systems that fail to capture identity data. Beginning in January 2018, meaningful use criteria dictate that electronic health records have the capability to collect data related to sexual orientation and gender identity of patients...
February 5, 2018: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404756/why-i-quit-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-prep-a-mixed-method-study-exploring-reasons-for-prep-discontinuation-and-potential-re-initiation-among-gay-and-bisexual-men
#20
Thomas H F Whitfield, Steven A John, H Jonathon Rendina, Christian Grov, Jeffrey T Parsons
Literature concerning pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) among gay and bisexual identifying men (GBM) has explored facilitators and barriers to uptake and adherence. Far less reported are the reasons why GBM discontinue PrEP use. A national sample of 1071 GBM completed surveys about PrEP use and discontinuation. Participants who were still taking PrEP the 24-month follow up were compared to those that had stopped. Eighteen percent (n = 31) of GBM who reported ever using PrEP discontinued use. Younger (AOR = 0...
February 5, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
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