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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932634/a-narrative-review-of-the-literature-about-people-with-intellectual-disability-who-identify-as-lesbian-gay-bisexual-transgender-intersex-or-questioning
#1
Nathan J Wilson, Jemima Macdonald, Brenda Hayman, Alexandra M Bright, Patsie Frawley, Gisselle Gallego
This narrative review of the research literature presents a summary about the key issues facing people with intellectual disability (ID) who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, intersex or questioning (LGBTIQ). The aim of this review was to consolidate research of the topic; to identify whether any pilot studies reporting social/sexual/educational interventions had been published; and to offer some perspective on the type of future research required to better inform policy, practice and theory that may lead to better outcomes for people with ID who identify as LGBTIQ...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932056/sexual-orientation-disparities-in-the-utilization-of-sexual-health-services-in-a-national-probability-sample-of-u-s-women
#2
Madina Agénor, Christina A Muzny, Vanessa Schick, Erika L Austin, Jennifer Potter
Although sexual minority women are at risk of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and cervical cancer, few nationally representative studies have assessed sexual orientation disparities in sexual health care among women. Using data from the 2011-2013 and 2013-2015 waves of the National Survey of Family Growth, which provide a national probability sample of U.S. women aged 15-44years (N=11.300), we used multivariable logistic regression to examine the associations between sexual behavior and sexual identity (modeled separately) and STI testing in the past year, Pap test use in the last 3years, lifetime HIV testing, and lifetime human papillomavirus (HPV) testing...
December 5, 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931519/high-prevalence-of-hiv-chlamydia-and-gonorrhoea-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-transgender-women-attending-trusted-community-centres-in-abuja-and-lagos-nigeria
#3
Babajide Keshinro, Trevor A Crowell, Rebecca G Nowak, Sylvia Adebajo, Sheila Peel, Charlotte A Gaydos, Cristina Rodriguez-Hart, Stefan D Baral, Melissa J Walsh, Ogbonnaya S Njoku, Sunday Odeyemi, Teclaire Ngo-Ndomb, William A Blattner, Merlin L Robb, Manhattan E Charurat, Julie Ake
INTRODUCTION: Sexually transmitted infection (STI) and HIV prevalence have been reported to be higher amongst men who have sex with men (MSM) in Nigeria than in the general population. The objective of this study was to characterize the prevalence of HIV, chlamydia and gonorrhoea in this population using laboratory-based universal testing. METHODS: TRUST/RV368 represents a cohort of MSM and transgender women (TGW) recruited at trusted community centres in Abuja and Lagos, Nigeria, using respondent-driven sampling (RDS)...
2016: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930901/a-longitudinal-study-of-persistent-smoking-among-hiv-positive-gay-and-bisexual-men-in-primary-relationships
#4
Kristi E Gamarel, Torsten B Neilands, Amy A Conroy, Samantha E Dilworth, Nadra Lisha, Jonelle M Taylor, Lynae A Darbes, Mallory O Johnson
INTRODUCTION: We examined the stability of smoking behaviors, and factors associated with persistent smoking in a longitudinal study of HIV-positive gay and bisexual men in primary relationships. METHODS: A sample of 377 HIV-positive men on antiretroviral therapy and their same-sex partners completed five assessments over two years. Participants completed semi-structured interviews which assessed smoking status, sociodemographic factors, relationship dynamics, and HIV-related disease characteristics...
November 18, 2016: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929299/examining-moderators-of-discrimination-and-subjective-well-being-among-lgb-individuals
#5
Richard P Douglass, Sarah E Conlin, Ryan D Duffy, Blake A Allan
Research has found perceived discrimination to be a risk factor for mental health concerns among lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) people, but less clarity exists linking perceived discrimination with well-being outcomes. Building from Meyer's (2003) minority stress model, the present study examined the links between perceived discrimination and the 3 components of subjective well-being: positive affect, negative affect, and life satisfaction. Self-esteem and stigma consciousness were explored as empirically and theoretically implied moderators...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927267/the-long-term-mental-health-risk-associated-with-non-heterosexual-orientation
#6
R A Burns, P Butterworth, A F Jorm
AIMS: Findings that describe the mental health risk associated with non-heterosexual orientation in young and middle-aged adults are from cross-sectional designs or fail to discriminate homosexual and bisexual orientations. This study examines the mental health risk of homosexual and bisexual orientation over an 8-year period. METHODS: Participants were from the age-cohort study, the Personality and Total Health Through Life Project, were observed twice every 4 years, and aged 20-24 (n = 2353) and 40-44 (n = 2499) at baseline...
December 8, 2016: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925771/heterosexual-homosexual-and-bisexual-men-s-pupillary-responses-to-persons-at-different-stages-of-sexual-development
#7
Janice Attard-Johnson, Markus Bindemann, Caoilte Ó Ciardha
This study investigated whether pupil size during the viewing of images of adults and children reflects the sexual orientation of heterosexual, homosexual, and bisexual men (n = 100, Mage = 22). More specifically, we explored whether this measure corresponds with sexual age preferences for adults over children in nonpedophilic men. In general, results across three experiments, in which observers freely viewed or rated the sexual appeal of person images, suggest that pupil dilation to sexual stimuli is an indicator of sexual orientation toward adults...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924008/misperceptions-of-harm-among-natural-american-spirit-smokers-results-from-wave-1-of-the-population-assessment-of-tobacco-and-health-path-study-2013-2014
#8
Jennifer L Pearson, Amanda Johnson, Andrea Villanti, Allison M Glasser, Lauren Collins, Amy Cohn, Shyanika W Rose, Raymond Niaura, Cassandra A Stanton
INTRODUCTION: This study estimated differences in cigarette harm perceptions among smokers of the Natural American Spirit (NAS) brand-marketed as 'natural', 'organic' and 'additive-free'-compared to other smokers, and examined correlates of NAS use. METHODS: Data were drawn from wave 1 of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) study, a nationally representative study of US adults (2013-2014). Weighted analyses using a subset of current adult smokers (n=10 565) estimated the prevalence of NAS use (vs all other brands) and examined associations between NAS use and sociodemographics, tobacco/substance use, tobacco harm perceptions, quit intentions, quit attempts and mental/behavioural health...
December 6, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923371/type-of-sexual-intercourse-experience-and-suicidal-ideation-plans-and-attempts-among-youths-a-cross-sectional-study-in-south-korea
#9
Geum Hee Kim, Hyeong Sik Ahn, Hyun Jung Kim
BACKGROUND: Despite abundant theoretical evidence of higher rates of suicide among lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) youths, little is known about the relationship between suicide and types of sexual intercourse experience in youths. This study examines the association between the type of intercourse experience and suicide risk outcomes (SROs: suicidal ideation, plans for suicide, suicidal attempts) from the Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey. METHODS: We analyzed cross-sectional data from 146,621 students aged 12-17 years for the years 2012 and 2013...
December 7, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918997/the-curvilinear-effects-of-sexual-orientation-on-young-adult-substance-use
#10
Jamie E Parnes, Ryan L Rahm-Knigge, Bradley T Conner
Alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana are commonly used by adolescents and linked with harmful health-related outcomes (e.g. injury, dependence). Moreover, heavy episodic (binge) drinking predicts more severe consequences. When examined by sexual orientation, highest rates of substance use have been found among bisexual individuals, with lower use at either end of the spectrum. When examined also by sex, this curvilinear trend is maintained among women but not men. These substance use patterns were identified using group differences (i...
November 18, 2016: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918871/promising-pedagogy-advancing-the-educational-experience-of-queer-students-through-transformative-leadership
#11
Thomas Zook
The school experience for queer youth is often quite different from that of their heterosexual and gender-conforming peers; yet, it is often the case that little attention is given to the disparate and inequitable educational and social conditions under which lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer/questioning (LGBTQ) youth must learn. In fact, the entirety of pedagogical structures in many schools creates milieus where queer youth, those who have loved ones who are queer, and those who are merely perceived to be queer are systematically marginalized and deprived of their right to a safe, supportive, and equitable educational experience...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916220/preventive-and-primary-care-for-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-patients
#12
REVIEW
Sarah R Floyd, Deidre M Pierce, Stephen A Geraci
Among the minorities underserved by today׳s healthcare system, the lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) population may be the least studied, and the least understood by healthcare providers. High-quality evidence is often lacking regarding optimal preventive care measures, both in medical areas that (to date) fail to identify differences in need between LGB and heterosexual patients, and in those more prevalent in or more specific (or both) to sexual minorities. Issues of substance abuse, sexual health and sexually transmitted diseases, obesity and other eating disorders, cardiovascular prevention, cancer prevention and screening, depression and other psychological disorders, social isolation and personal and intimate partner violence are all as or more important to address in LGB patients as they are in the general American population...
December 2016: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915088/exploring-awareness-and-help-seeking-intentions-for-testicular-symptoms-among-heterosexual-gay-and-bisexual-men-in-ireland-a-qualitative-descriptive-study
#13
Mohamad M Saab, Margaret Landers, Josephine Hegarty
BACKGROUND: The incidence of malignant and benign testicular disorders among young men is on the rise. Evidence from three reviews suggest that men's knowledge of these disorders is lacking and their help-seeking intention for testicular symptoms is suboptimal. Qualitative studies have addressed men's awareness of testicular cancer, with none exploring their awareness of non-malignant diseases such as epididymitis, testicular torsion, and varicocele and none including sexual minorities...
November 28, 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914286/multi-centre-field-evaluation-of-the-performance-of-the-trinity-biotech-uni-gold-hiv-1-2-rapid-test-as-a-first-line-screening-assay-for-gay-and-bisexual-men-compared-with-4th-generation-laboratory-immunoassays
#14
P Keen, D P Conway, P Cunningham, A McNulty, D L Couldwell, S C Davies, D E Smith, J Gray, M Holt, C C O'Connor, P Read, D Callander, G Prestage, R Guy
BACKGROUND: The Trinity Biotech Uni-Gold HIV test (Uni-Gold) is often used as a supplementary rapid test in testing algorithms. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the operational performance of the Uni-Gold as a first-line screening test among gay and bisexual men (GBM) in a setting where 4th generation HIV laboratory assays are routinely used. STUDY DESIGN: We compared the performance of Uni-Gold with conventional HIV serology conducted in parallel among GBM attending 22 testing sites...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911583/advancing-research-on-structural-stigma-and-sexual-orientation-disparities-in-mental-health-among-youth
#15
Mark L Hatzenbuehler
Psychological research on stigma has focused largely on the perceptions of stigmatized individuals and their interpersonal interactions with the nonstigmatized. This work has been critical in documenting many of the ways in which stigma operates to harm those who are targeted. However, this research has also tended to overlook broader structural forms of stigma, which refer to societal-level conditions, cultural norms, and institutional policies and practices that constrain the lives of the stigmatized. In this article I describe the emerging field of research on structural stigma and review evidence documenting the harmful consequences of structural stigma for the mental/behavioral health of lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911091/who-adopts-queer-and-pansexual-sexual-identities
#16
James S Morandini, Alexander Blaszczynski, Ilan Dar-Nimrod
Some nonheterosexual individuals are eschewing lesbian/gay and bisexual identities for queer and pansexual identities. The present study aimed to examine the sexual and demographic characteristics of nonheterosexual individuals who adopt these labels. A convenience sample of 2,220 nonheterosexual (1,459 lesbian/gay, 413 bisexual, 168 queer, 146 pansexual, and 34 other "write-in") individuals were recruited for a cross-sectional online survey. In support of our hypotheses, those adopting pansexual identities were younger than those adopting lesbian, gay, and bisexual identities, and those adopting queer and pansexual identities were more likely to be noncisgender than cisgender, and more likely to be cisgender women than men...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903303/associated-factors-of-self-reported-psychopathology-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-msm-with-hiv-aids-in-dalian-china-a-pilot-study
#17
Tesfaldet Habtemariam Hidru, Feng Wang, Sainyugu Lolokote, Yong Jia, Min Chen, Wei Tong, Xiao-Feng Li
BACKGROUND: Despite the availability of Anti-Retroviral Therapy (ART), the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among HIV-positive men who have sex with men (HIVMSM) in China remains poor. This study aimed to explore the relationship between self-reported psychopathology and HRQoL among HIVMSM in Dalian, China. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 112 HIVMSM. Symptom check list 90 (SCL 90): a measure of psychopathology and World Health Organization quality of life in HIV infection (WHOQOL-HIV-Bref): a measure of HRQoL were used...
December 1, 2016: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900896/sociolegal-and-practice-implications-of-caring-for-lgbt-people-with-dementia
#18
Elizabeth Peel, Helen Taylor, Rosie Harding
The needs of lesbian, gay, bisexual and trans (LGBT) people with dementia are poorly recognised. This is due partly to assumptions that all older people are heterosexual or asexual. One quarter of gay or bisexual men and half of lesbian or bisexual women have children, compared with 90% of heterosexual women and men, which means LGBT older adults are more likely to reside in care homes. Older LGBT people may be unwilling to express their sexual identities in care settings and this can affect their care. Members of older people's informal care networks must be recognised to ensure their involvement in the lives of residents in care settings continues...
November 30, 2016: Nursing Older People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900788/do-student-nurses-feel-a-lack-of-comfort-in-providing-support-for-lesbian-gay-bisexual-or-questioning-adolescents-what-factors-influence-their-comfort-level
#19
Brian P Richardson, Anton E Ondracek, Dee Anderson
AIM: The aim of this study was to find out if student nurses feel comfortable in caring by providing support for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual or Questioning adolescents and what factors influence their level of comfort. BACKGROUND: Research indicates that nurses and nursing students experience varying levels of comfort when caring for adults who are Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual or Questioning: adult patients feel that nurse's attitudes change towards them once they disclose their sexuality...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898570/are-centers-for-disease-control-and-prevention-guidelines-for-preexposure-prophylaxis-specific-enough-formulation-of-a-personalized-hiv-risk-score-for-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-initiation
#20
Matthew R Beymer, Robert E Weiss, Catherine A Sugar, Linda B Bourque, Gilbert C Gee, Donald E Morisky, Suzanne B Shu, Marjan Javanbakht, Robert K Bolan
BACKGROUND: Preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) has emerged as a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention tool for populations at highest risk for HIV infection. Current US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) guidelines for identifying PrEP candidates may not be specific enough to identify gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) at the highest risk for HIV infection. We created an HIV risk score for HIV-negative MSM based on Syndemics Theory to develop a more targeted criterion for assessing PrEP candidacy...
November 28, 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
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