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paranoid personality disorder

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749747/physical-health-related-quality-of-life-among-older-adults-with-personality-disorders
#1
Katherine J Holzer, Jin Huang
OBJECTIVES: Personality Disorders (PDs) are associated with a multitude of negative consequences. The negative PD effects on health can be even more burdensome for older adults given the physical and social functioning changes that occur with age; however, the majority of research examining the influence of PDs focuses on younger adults. The present study seeks to investigate the relationship between PDs and physical health-related quality of life (PHRQoL) in adults over the age of 50...
May 11, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700666/paranoia-symptoms-moderate-the-impact-of-emotional-context-processing-on-community-functioning-of-individuals-with-schizophrenia
#2
Kiho Park, Kee-Hong Choi
This study examined whether better emotional context processing is associated with better community functioning among persons with schizophrenia, and whether the relationship between the two variables is moderated by level of paranoid symptoms. The Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale-Expanded Version, Emotional Context Processing Scale, and Multnomah Community Ability Scale were administered to 39 community-dwelling participants with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder. Emotional context processing had a small-to-moderate association with community functioning...
April 26, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621675/the-problem-of-overcontrol-perfectionism-emotional-inhibition-and-personality-disorders
#3
Giancarlo Dimaggio, Angus MacBeth, Raffaele Popolo, Giampaolo Salvatore, Filippo Perrini, Aigli Raouna, Cemre Su Osam, Luisa Buonocore, Aldea Bandiera, Antonella Montano
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Some individuals with Personality Disorders (PD), particularly of a non-Borderline type, present with difficulties relating to over-control of cognitions, emotion and behavior, perfectionistic traits, and impaired social interactions. The current study sought to evaluate the strength of association, and interactions of both emotional inhibition and perfectionism in PD's, after controlling for symptoms and interpersonal problems. METHOD: We recruited a sample of 578 treatment seeking outpatients...
May 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488894/-poor-insight-and-psychosis
#4
O Giotakos
A variety of phenomena might be considered as reflecting impaired insight in psychosis, like failure to recognize signs, symptoms or disease, failure to derive appropriate cognitive representations, despite recognition of the disease, and misattribution of the source or cause of the disease. The unawareness of tardive dyskinesia symptoms in schizophrenic patients points that self-awareness deficits in schizophrenia may be domain specific. Poor insight is an independent phenomenological and a prevalent feature in psychotic disorders in general, and in schizophrenia in particular, but we don't know yet if delusions in schizophrenia are the result of an entirely normal attempt to account for abnormal perceptual experiences or a product of abnormal experience but of normal reasoning...
October 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475056/dysfunctional-personality-disorder-beliefs-and-lifetime-suicide-attempts-among-psychiatrically-hospitalized-military-personnel
#5
Marjan Ghahramanlou-Holloway, Su Yeon Lee-Tauler, Jessica M LaCroix, Rebecca Kauten, Kanchana Perera, Rusan Chen, Jennifer Weaver, Alyssa Soumoff
BACKGROUND: Personality disorders (PDs) are associated with an increased risk for suicide. However, the association between PDs and suicide risk has not been examined among military personnel. This study evaluated whether endorsement of different PD dysfunctional beliefs was associated with lifetime suicide attempt status. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Cross-sectional data were collected during the baseline phase of a randomized controlled trial, evaluating the efficacy of an inpatient cognitive behavior therapy protocol for the prevention of suicide...
April 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448863/mental-health-literacy-sub-clinical-personality-disorders-and-job-fit
#6
Adrian Furnham, Kelly Petropoulou
BACKGROUND: This study looked at lay theories of how people with sub-clinical personality disorders experience the world of work. AIMS: The aim was to investigate the paradox that subclinical and clinical personality disorders are seen as beneficial for success, rather than a handicap in certain jobs. METHODS: In all, 230 participants read 14 vignettes derived from Oldham and Morris's book describing DSMIII personality disorders for a popular audience...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399432/mistrustful-and-misunderstood-a-review-of-paranoid-personality-disorder
#7
Royce Lee
Purpose of review: Paranoid Personality Disorder (PPD) has historically been neglected by science out of proportion to its prevalence or its association with negative clinical outcomes. This review provides an update on what is known about PPD regarding its prevalence, demographics, comorbidity, biological mechanism, risk factors, and relationship to psychotic disorders. Recent Findings: PPD has long been the subject of a rich and prescient theoretical literature which has provided a surprisingly coherent account of the psychological mechanism of non-delusional paranoia...
June 2017: Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395871/clinically-significant-personality-traits-in-individuals-at-high-risk-of-developing-psychosis
#8
Julia Sevilla-Llewellyn-Jones, Gustavo Camino, Debra A Russo, Michelle Painter, Angel L Montejo, Susana Ochoa, Peter B Jones, Jesus Perez
It is still unclear to what extent personality may influence the development of psychosis. We aimed to explore significant personality traits in individuals at high-risk (HR) for psychosis. Personalities of forty HR individuals and a matched sample of 40 healthy volunteers (HVs) were evaluated with the Millon Multiaxial Inventory (MCMI-III). They were also assessed with the Positive and Negative Symptoms Scale (PANSS), Beck Depression and Anxiety Inventories (BDI-II and BAI), Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) and Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI 6...
March 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351714/-prevalence-and-phenomenology-of-psychotic-like-symptoms-in-borderline-personality-disorders-associations-with-suicide-attempts-and-use-of-psychiatric-inpatient-treatment
#9
Katrin Schroeder, Anja Schätzle, Pauline Kowohl, Lisa Leske, Christian G Huber, Ingo Schäfer
BACKGROUND: Psychotic-like symptoms are found in a subgroup of borderline patients (BPD). Reported prevalence is heterogeneous (up to 50% affected). Investigations in Germany have not been conducted so far. Furthermore, the precise phenomenology of the psychotic symptoms and the effects on suicidal behavior and the use of inpatient psychiatric treatment are unclear. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to investigate prevalence rates and phenomenology of psychotic-like symptoms...
January 19, 2018: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302292/dental-implants-placement-in-paranoid-squizofrenic-patient-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a-case-report
#10
Lizett Castellanos-Cosano, José-Ramón Corcuera-Flores, María Mesa-Cabrera, José Cabrera-Domínguez, Daniel Torres-Lagares, Guillermo Machuca-Portillo
Background: Paranoid schizophrenia is a mental illness that involves no observable anatomical alteration. Main characteristic affects the personality of the individual, as well as areas of his own psychology. Case Report: A 33-year-old man with paranoid schizophrenia and obsessive-compulsive disorder in treatment with Haloperidol, Oxcarbazepine, Olanzapine and Seroquel is presented. Dental exploration showed widespread decay mostly cervical with numerous root fragments, agenesis of lateral incisors, impacted wisdom teeth, missing teeth and malocclusion...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179936/clinical-relevance-of-appraisals-of-persistent-psychotic-experiences-in-people-with-and-without-a-need-for-care-an-experimental-study
#11
Emmanuelle Peters, Thomas Ward, Mike Jackson, Peter Woodruff, Craig Morgan, Philip McGuire, Philippa A Garety
BACKGROUND: Cognitive models of psychosis propose that appraisals (ie, the interpretation and meaning attributed to experiences) are central to the transition from anomalous experiences to psychotic symptoms. In the Unusual Experiences Enquiry (UNIQUE) study, we investigated the role of appraisals by comparing individuals with persistent psychotic experiences without a need for care with patients and people without psychotic experiences. METHOD: Eligible participants were patients with diagnosed psychotic disorders (clinical group) and adults in the general population with persistent psychotic experiences (non-clinical group) and without psychotic experiences (controls)...
December 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172098/social-defeat-as-a-mediator-of-the-relationship-between-childhood-trauma-and-paranoid-ideation
#12
Jihyeon Seo, Ji Young Choi
Social defeat, the subjective experience of viewing oneself as a failure or social outsider, is associated with various psychiatric disorders. Recent studies suggest that social defeat may play an important role in the development of psychotic disorders. This study examined the role of social defeat in the relationship between childhood trauma and paranoid ideation, a symptom of psychosis, in non-psychotic mental disorders. Psychiatric patients (N = 199) completed the Korean version of the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, the Korean version of the Defeat Scale, and Restructured Clinical Scale 6 (Ideas of Persecution) of the Korean version of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2...
November 9, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953804/guidelines-for-individual-and-group-psychodynamic-psychotherapy-for-the-treatment-of-persons-diagnosed-with-psychosis-and-or-schizophrenia
#13
Slađana Štrkalj Ivezić, Branka Restek Petrović, Ivan Urlić, Majda Grah, Nina Mayer, Dubravka Stijačić, Tihana Jendričko, Sanja Martić-Biočina
The hereby presented guidelines for the use of psychodynamic psychotherapy are based on references and research in the field of individual and group therapy and they refer to psychotherapy for patients suffering from the first psychotic episode, schizophrenia, schizoaffective psychosis, bipolar disorder and paranoid psychosis. The aim was to provide an overview of present literature and to give recommendations based on current knowledge. Clinical experience and research of the outcomes of psychodynamic psychotherapy encourage positioning of such treatments among recommendations for treating various mental disorders, as well as in the field of psychotherapy of patients with psychotic disorders (PD)...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918417/-clinical-features-of-psychotic-and-non-psychotic-bipolar-patients
#14
Zsuzsanna Belteczki, Zoltan Rihmer, Julia Ujvari
BACKGROUND: Psychotic symptoms are common in the case of manic, depressive and mixed episodes of bipolar disorder; however, the assessment of delusions and hallucinations is frequently improper, thus the patients presenting also psychotic symptoms are treated based on their diagnosis of schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder or paranoia. Psychotic symptoms in bipolar disorder result less favourable outcomes and course of illness. METHODS: 365 patients (106 males, 259 females) were hospitalized in or institution from January 1st 2015 to September 30th 2016, who were diagnosed with bipolar disorder according to the ICD-10 criteria...
June 2017: Neuropsychopharmacologia Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870686/-risk-factors-related-to-homicide-in-moroccan-patients-with-schizophrenia
#15
A Kachouchi, M Sebbani, S Salim, I Adali, F Manoudi, M Amine, F Asri
BACKGROUND: Persons with schizophrenia are thought to be at increased risk of committing violent crime - 4 to 6 times the level of general population individuals without this disorder. The relationship between schizophrenia and homicide is complex and cannot be reduced to a simple causal link. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to describe the characteristics of homicide in Moroccan patients suffering from schizophrenia and to determine the correlated sociodemographic, clinical and toxic variables...
September 1, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833873/early-maladaptive-schemas-associated-with-dimensional-and-categorical-psychopathology-in-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#16
Álvaro Frías, Sara Navarro, Carol Palma, Núria Farriols, Ferrán Aliaga, Ana Salvador, Elena Aluco, Bárbara Martínez, Laia Solves
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain the foundations for a schema-focused therapy model for the treatment of borderline personality disorder. METHODS: The sample consisted of 102 borderline personality disorder outpatients. Dimensional psychopathology was assessed using the Scale for Suicidal Ideation, the Aggression Questionnaire, and the Symptom CheckList Revised. Categorical psychopathology was measured using the structured clinical interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition Axis I Disorders, Patient Edition...
January 2018: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800349/musculoskeletal-disorders-personality-traits-psychological-distress-and-accident-proneness-of-chinese-coal-miners
#17
Mingming Deng, Feng Wu, Jun Wang, Linyan Sun
BACKGROUND: Human factors comprise one of the important reasons leading to the casualty accidents in coal mines. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the relationships among musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs), personality traits, psychological distress, and accident proneness of coal miners. PARTICIPANTS: There were 1500 Chinese coal miners surveyed in this study. Among these miners, 992 valid samples were obtained. METHODS: The study surveyed the MSDs, personality traits, psychological distress, and accident proneness of coal miners with MSDs Likert scale, Eysenck personality questionnaire, Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90) scale, and accident proneness questionnaire, respectively...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758884/clinical-characteristics-of-comorbid-narcissistic-personality-disorder-in-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#18
Susanne Hörz-Sagstetter, Diana Diamond, John F Clarkin, Kenneth N Levy, Michael Rentrop, Melitta Fischer-Kern, Nicole M Cain, Stephan Doering
This study examines psychopathology and clinical characteristics of patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) and comorbid narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) from two international randomized controlled trials. From a combined sample of 188 patients with BPD, 25 also fulfilled criteria for a comorbid diagnosis of NPD according to DSM-IV. The BPD patients with comorbid NPD, compared to the BPD patients without comorbid NPD, showed significantly more BPD criteria (M = 7.44 vs. M = 6.55, p < ...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741044/efficacy-and-tolerability-of-asenapine-compared-with-olanzapine-in-borderline-personality-disorder-an-open-label-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Paola Bozzatello, Paola Rocca, Maria Uscinska, Silvio Bellino
BACKGROUND: Asenapine is a new second-generation antipsychotic that is understudied in borderline personality disorder (BPD). Only one study investigating the use of the drug in this indication (an open-label pilot study) has been conducted to date. OBJECTIVE: The present open-label, randomized, controlled trial aimed to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of asenapine in comparison with olanzapine, the most broadly studied antipsychotic in BPD. METHODS: A total of 51 outpatients aged between 18 and 50 years with a diagnosis of BPD based on Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) criteria were assigned for 12 weeks to asenapine (5-10 mg/day) or olanzapine (5-10 mg/day)...
September 2017: CNS Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735709/interpersonal-problems-across-levels-of-the-psychopathology-hierarchy
#20
Jeffrey M Girard, Aidan G C Wright, Joseph E Beeney, Sophie A Lazarus, Lori N Scott, Stephanie D Stepp, Paul A Pilkonis
We examined the relationship between psychopathology and interpersonal problems in a sample of 825 clinical and community participants. Sixteen psychiatric diagnoses and five transdiagnostic dimensions were examined in relation to self-reported interpersonal problems. The structural summary method was used with the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems Circumplex Scales to examine interpersonal problem profiles for each diagnosis and dimension. We built a structural model of mental disorders including factors corresponding to detachment (avoidant personality, social phobia, major depression), internalizing (dependent personality, borderline personality, panic disorder, posttraumatic stress, major depression), disinhibition (antisocial personality, drug dependence, alcohol dependence, borderline personality), dominance (histrionic personality, narcissistic personality, paranoid personality), and compulsivity (obsessive-compulsive personality)...
November 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
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