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paranoid personality disorder

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302292/dental-implants-placement-in-paranoid-squizofrenic-patient-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a-case-report
#1
Lizett Castellanos-Cosano, José-Ramón Corcuera-Flores, María Mesa-Cabrera, José Cabrera-Domínguez, Daniel Torres-Lagares, Guillermo Machuca-Portillo
Background: Paranoid schizophrenia is a mental illness that involves no observable anatomical alteration. Main characteristic affects the personality of the individual, as well as areas of his own psychology. Case Report: A 33-year-old man with paranoid schizophrenia and obsessive-compulsive disorder in treatment with Haloperidol, Oxcarbazepine, Olanzapine and Seroquel is presented. Dental exploration showed widespread decay mostly cervical with numerous root fragments, agenesis of lateral incisors, impacted wisdom teeth, missing teeth and malocclusion...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179936/clinical-relevance-of-appraisals-of-persistent-psychotic-experiences-in-people-with-and-without-a-need-for-care-an-experimental-study
#2
Emmanuelle Peters, Thomas Ward, Mike Jackson, Peter Woodruff, Craig Morgan, Philip McGuire, Philippa A Garety
BACKGROUND: Cognitive models of psychosis propose that appraisals (ie, the interpretation and meaning attributed to experiences) are central to the transition from anomalous experiences to psychotic symptoms. In the Unusual Experiences Enquiry (UNIQUE) study, we investigated the role of appraisals by comparing individuals with persistent psychotic experiences without a need for care with patients and people without psychotic experiences. METHOD: Eligible participants were patients with diagnosed psychotic disorders (clinical group) and adults in the general population with persistent psychotic experiences (non-clinical group) and without psychotic experiences (controls)...
December 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172098/social-defeat-as-a-mediator-of-the-relationship-between-childhood-trauma-and-paranoid-ideation
#3
Jihyeon Seo, Ji Young Choi
Social defeat, the subjective experience of viewing oneself as a failure or social outsider, is associated with various psychiatric disorders. Recent studies suggest that social defeat may play an important role in the development of psychotic disorders. This study examined the role of social defeat in the relationship between childhood trauma and paranoid ideation, a symptom of psychosis, in non-psychotic mental disorders. Psychiatric patients (N = 199) completed the Korean version of the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, the Korean version of the Defeat Scale, and Restructured Clinical Scale 6 (Ideas of Persecution) of the Korean version of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2...
November 9, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953804/guidelines-for-individual-and-group-psychodynamic-psychotherapy-for-the-treatment-of-persons-diagnosed-with-psychosis-and-or-schizophrenia
#4
Slađana Štrkalj Ivezić, Branka Restek Petrović, Ivan Urlić, Majda Grah, Nina Mayer, Dubravka Stijačić, Tihana Jendričko, Sanja Martić-Biočina
The hereby presented guidelines for the use of psychodynamic psychotherapy are based on references and research in the field of individual and group therapy and they refer to psychotherapy for patients suffering from the first psychotic episode, schizophrenia, schizoaffective psychosis, bipolar disorder and paranoid psychosis. The aim was to provide an overview of present literature and to give recommendations based on current knowledge. Clinical experience and research of the outcomes of psychodynamic psychotherapy encourage positioning of such treatments among recommendations for treating various mental disorders, as well as in the field of psychotherapy of patients with psychotic disorders (PD)...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918417/-clinical-features-of-psychotic-and-non-psychotic-bipolar-patients
#5
Zsuzsanna Belteczki, Zoltan Rihmer, Julia Ujvari
BACKGROUND: Psychotic symptoms are common in the case of manic, depressive and mixed episodes of bipolar disorder; however, the assessment of delusions and hallucinations is frequently improper, thus the patients presenting also psychotic symptoms are treated based on their diagnosis of schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder or paranoia. Psychotic symptoms in bipolar disorder result less favourable outcomes and course of illness. METHODS: 365 patients (106 males, 259 females) were hospitalized in or institution from January 1st 2015 to September 30th 2016, who were diagnosed with bipolar disorder according to the ICD-10 criteria...
June 2017: Neuropsychopharmacologia Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870686/-risk-factors-related-to-homicide-in-moroccan-patients-with-schizophrenia
#6
A Kachouchi, M Sebbani, S Salim, I Adali, F Manoudi, M Amine, F Asri
BACKGROUND: Persons with schizophrenia are thought to be at increased risk of committing violent crime - 4 to 6 times the level of general population individuals without this disorder. The relationship between schizophrenia and homicide is complex and cannot be reduced to a simple causal link. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to describe the characteristics of homicide in Moroccan patients suffering from schizophrenia and to determine the correlated sociodemographic, clinical and toxic variables...
September 1, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833873/early-maladaptive-schemas-associated-with-dimensional-and-categorical-psychopathology-in-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#7
Álvaro Frías, Sara Navarro, Carol Palma, Núria Farriols, Ferrán Aliaga, Ana Salvador, Elena Aluco, Bárbara Martínez, Laia Solves
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain the foundations for a schema-focused therapy model for the treatment of borderline personality disorder. METHODS: The sample consisted of 102 borderline personality disorder outpatients. Dimensional psychopathology was assessed using the Scale for Suicidal Ideation, the Aggression Questionnaire, and the Symptom CheckList Revised. Categorical psychopathology was measured using the structured clinical interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition Axis I Disorders, Patient Edition...
August 17, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800349/musculoskeletal-disorders-personality-traits-psychological-distress-and-accident-proneness-of-chinese-coal-miners
#8
Mingming Deng, Feng Wu, Jun Wang, Linyan Sun
BACKGROUND: Human factors comprise one of the important reasons leading to the casualty accidents in coal mines. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the relationships among musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs), personality traits, psychological distress, and accident proneness of coal miners. PARTICIPANTS: There were 1500 Chinese coal miners surveyed in this study. Among these miners, 992 valid samples were obtained. METHODS: The study surveyed the MSDs, personality traits, psychological distress, and accident proneness of coal miners with MSDs Likert scale, Eysenck personality questionnaire, Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90) scale, and accident proneness questionnaire, respectively...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758884/clinical-characteristics-of-comorbid-narcissistic-personality-disorder-in-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#9
Susanne Hörz-Sagstetter, Diana Diamond, John F Clarkin, Kenneth N Levy, Michael Rentrop, Melitta Fischer-Kern, Nicole M Cain, Stephan Doering
This study examines psychopathology and clinical characteristics of patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) and comorbid narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) from two international randomized controlled trials. From a combined sample of 188 patients with BPD, 25 also fulfilled criteria for a comorbid diagnosis of NPD according to DSM-IV. The BPD patients with comorbid NPD, compared to the BPD patients without comorbid NPD, showed significantly more BPD criteria (M = 7.44 vs. M = 6.55, p < ...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741044/efficacy-and-tolerability-of-asenapine-compared-with-olanzapine-in-borderline-personality-disorder-an-open-label-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Paola Bozzatello, Paola Rocca, Maria Uscinska, Silvio Bellino
BACKGROUND: Asenapine is a new second-generation antipsychotic that is understudied in borderline personality disorder (BPD). Only one study investigating the use of the drug in this indication (an open-label pilot study) has been conducted to date. OBJECTIVE: The present open-label, randomized, controlled trial aimed to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of asenapine in comparison with olanzapine, the most broadly studied antipsychotic in BPD. METHODS: A total of 51 outpatients aged between 18 and 50 years with a diagnosis of BPD based on Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) criteria were assigned for 12 weeks to asenapine (5-10 mg/day) or olanzapine (5-10 mg/day)...
September 2017: CNS Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735709/interpersonal-problems-across-levels-of-the-psychopathology-hierarchy
#11
Jeffrey M Girard, Aidan G C Wright, Joseph E Beeney, Sophie A Lazarus, Lori N Scott, Stephanie D Stepp, Paul A Pilkonis
We examined the relationship between psychopathology and interpersonal problems in a sample of 825 clinical and community participants. Sixteen psychiatric diagnoses and five transdiagnostic dimensions were examined in relation to self-reported interpersonal problems. The structural summary method was used with the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems Circumplex Scales to examine interpersonal problem profiles for each diagnosis and dimension. We built a structural model of mental disorders including factors corresponding to detachment (avoidant personality, social phobia, major depression), internalizing (dependent personality, borderline personality, panic disorder, posttraumatic stress, major depression), disinhibition (antisocial personality, drug dependence, alcohol dependence, borderline personality), dominance (histrionic personality, narcissistic personality, paranoid personality), and compulsivity (obsessive-compulsive personality)...
November 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735566/attachment-and-personality-disorders-among-child-molesters-the-role-of-trust
#12
Carlo Garofalo, Stefan Bogaerts
The present study investigated multivariate associations between attachment styles and personality disorders (PDs)-and the mediating role of trust-in a sample of child molesters ( n = 84) and a matched control group from the general community ( n = 80). Among child molesters, canonical correlation analysis revealed that two variates resembling avoidant and anxious attachment dimensions were associated with PD traits. Attachment avoidance was related to schizoid, schizotypal, and avoidant PDs, with a marginal contribution of antisocial PD...
July 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699102/-the-concept-of-schizoidia-in-psychiatry-from-schizoidia-to-schizotypy-and-cluster%C3%A2-a-personality-disorders
#13
REVIEW
Hans-Peter Kapfhammer
From a perspective of conceptual evolution schizoidia was initially considered to describe features both of the premorbid personality of schizophrenic patients and of the personalities of non-psychotic family members (Bleuler, Kahlbaum, Kraepelin). On a psychopatholocial level a close link to the complex basic symptom of autism was stressed. From the very beginnings of modern psychiatry schizoidia was discussed within a conceptual frame of schizophrenia spectrum disorders (Kretschmer, Hoch, Polatin). Approaches to operationalize these conceptual works laid the basis for the cluster A personalities in DSM-III...
July 11, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690389/personality-traits-in-patients-with-myotonic-dystrophy-type-2
#14
Teodora Paunic, Stojan Peric, Aleksandra Parojcic, Dusanka Savic-Pavicevic, Milorad Vujnic, Jovan Pesovic, Ivana Basta, Dragana Lavrnic, Vidosava Rakocevic-Stojanovic
Myotonic dystrophy type 2 (DM2) is a multisystem disorder that affects many organs and systems, including the brain. The objective is to analyze personality patterns in myotonic dystrophy type 2 (DM2) compared to DM1 control group. The study comprised 27 consecutive genetically confirmed DM2 patients and control group of 44 DM1 patients. Personality traits were assessed with the Millon Multiaxial Clinical Inventory III (MMCI III). In DM2 group there were no scale with pathological scores, although compulsive and paranoid traits were the most prominent...
March 2017: Acta Myologica: Myopathies and Cardiomyopathies: Official Journal of the Mediterranean Society of Myology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686561/-the-concept-of-temperament-and-its-contribution-to-the-understanding-of-the-bipolar-spectrum
#15
I Koufaki, V Polizoidou, K N Fountoulakis
The present article attempts first to provide a historical overview of the concept of temperament,The present article attempts first to provide a historical overview of the concept of temperament,since its foundation by Polybos (4th century B.C.) and the school of Cos, its predominant role in theshaping of the anthropological and humanitarian sciences, until the modern theoretical formulations,such as those proposed by Robert Cloninger and Hagop Akiskal. Secondly, recent literature ispresented, which suggests a strong link of different temperament structures to mental health andpsychopathology...
April 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680639/subtypes-of-borderline-personality-disorder-patients-a-cluster-analytic-approach
#16
Maaike L Smits, Dine J Feenstra, Dawn L Bales, Jasmijn de Vos, Zwaan Lucas, Roel Verheul, Patrick Luyten
BACKGROUND: The borderline personality disorder (BPD) population is notably heterogeneous, and this has potentially important implications for intervention. Identifying distinct subtypes of patients may represent a first step in identifying which treatments work best for which individuals. METHODS: A cluster-analysis on dimensional personality disorder (PD) features, as assessed with the SCID-II, was performed on a sample of carefully screened BPD patients (N = 187) referred for mentalization-based treatment...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638202/characteristics-of-aggressive-behavior-among-male-inpatients-with-schizophrenia
#17
Xiaomin Zhu, Wen Li, Xiaoping Wang
BACKGROUND: The incidence of the aggressive behavior is higher among the patients with severe mental disorder such as schizophrenia than the general population. The study of factors related to aggressive behavior has great meaning in designing prevention and intervention methods with this population of patients. AIMS: To understand the characteristics of assaultive behavior of male patients with schizophrenia who have been hospitalized. METHODS: Using a continuous sampling method, data from 75 male inpatients with a diagnosis of schizophrenia was collected at the psychiatric unit of Central South University Second Xiangya Hospital (Changsha, China) from August 2015 to February 2016...
October 25, 2016: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635542/gene-expression-study-of-mitochondrial-complex-i-in-schizophrenia-and-paranoid-personality-disorder
#18
Arvin Haghighatfard, Sarah Andalib, Mozhdeh Amini Faskhodi, Soha Sadeghi, Amir Hossein Ghaderi, Shadi Moradkhani, Jalal Rostampour, Zeinab Tabrizi, Ali Mahmoodi, Talie Karimi, Zakieh Ghadimi
OBJECTIVES: The aetiology and molecular mechanisms of schizophrenia (SCZ) and paranoid personality disorder (PPD) are not yet clarified. The present study aimed to assess the role of mitochondrial complex I and cell bioenergetic pathways in the aetiology and characteristics of SCZ and PPD. METHODS: mRNA levels of all genomic and mitochondrial genes which encode mitochondrial complex I subunits (44 genes) were assessed in blood in 634 SCZ, 340 PPD patients and 528 non-psychiatric subjects using quantitative real-time PCR, and associated comprehensive psychiatric, neurological and biochemical assessments...
February 20, 2017: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631974/personality-disorders-are-not-as-we-thought-hierarchical-factor-structure-at-the-criterion-level
#19
Ana Muñoz-Champel, Fernando Gutiérrez, Josep M Peri, Rafael Torrubia
The use of personality disorder (PD) categories persists, despite the evidence against them. An often overlooked reason for this is the fact that the true structure underlying the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) taxonomy is still unknown: We cannot be certain which disorders are valid, and which ones are arbitrary mixtures of heterogeneous traits. To address this gap, we factor analyzed the Personality Diagnostic Questionnaire (PDQ-4+; Hyler, 1994 ) at the criterion level in a mixed clinical and nonclinical sample of 2,519 individuals...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527059/personality-disorders-in-cluster-headache-a-study-using-the-millon-clinical-multiaxial-inventory-iii
#20
Sylvie Hélène Marie Jeanne Piacentini, Lara Draghi, Alberto Proietti Cecchini, Massimo Leone
A great deal of studies suggests that cluster headache (CH) patients are usually comorbid to anxiety-mood spectrum disorders and psychopathological symptoms; however, the personality profiles reported in the literature strictly depend on type of assessment used. Psychiatric comorbidities have been extensively studied in migraine and they are recognized to represent a major risk factor associated with poorer outcome, playing a role in the headache chronification process at once as cause and consequence of it...
May 2017: Neurological Sciences
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