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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777436/fatigue-related-risk-management-in-the-emergency-department-a-focus-group-study
#1
Pierre Bérastégui, Mathieu Jaspar, Alexandre Ghuysen, Anne-Sophie Nyssen
Fatigue has major implications on both patient safety and healthcare practitioner's well-being. Traditionally, two approaches can be used to reduce fatigue-related risk: reducing the likelihood of a fatigued operator working (i.e. fatigue reduction), or reducing the likelihood that a fatigued operator will make an error (i.e. fatigue proofing). Recent progress mainly focussed on fatigue reduction strategies such as reducing work hours. Yet it has to be recognized that such approach has not wholly overcome the experience of fatigue...
May 18, 2018: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764678/re-engaging-with-places-understanding-bio-geo-graphical-disruption-and-flow-in-adult-brain-injury-survivors
#2
Louise Meijering, Nicky Theunissen, Ant T Lettinga
Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) is one of the most common causes of disability and death in adults worldwide. After a period of rehabilitation, many ABI survivors still face complex mind/body conditions when they try to take up their former life again. Besides lasting visible impairments such as weakness and loss of body balance, there are often less obvious disabilities such as extreme fatigue, hypersensitivity for stimuli, memory, concentration and attention problems or personality changes. The aim of this paper is to understand how ABI survivors and their significant others renegotiate their engagements with everyday places, using the concepts of bio-geo-graphical disruption and flow...
May 5, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758392/effects-of-mindfulness-and-psychoeducation-on-working-memory-in-adult-adhd-a-randomised-controlled-fmri-study
#3
Katharina Bachmann, Alexandra P Lam, Peter Sörös, Manuela Kanat, Eliza Hoxhaj, Swantje Matthies, Bernd Feige, Helge Müller, Jale Özyurt, Christiane M Thiel, Alexandra Philipsen
Adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a serious mental disorder associated with impaired neurocognitive performance related to working memory function. Recent clinical trials have suggested that mindfulness is a promising intervention in adults with ADHD. We performed a randomised controlled clinical trial to investigate working memory (WM) with an n-back task in adults with ADHD during fMRI before and after an 8-week mindfulness intervention (MAP) compared with psychoeducation (PE). ADHD symptoms were assessed using the self- and observer-rated Conners Adult ADHD Rating Scales (CAARS)...
May 7, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755228/effect-of-1-week-yoga-based-residential-program-on-cardiovascular-variables-of-hypertensive-patients-a-comparative-study
#4
Kashinath G Metri, Balaram Pradhan, Amit Singh, H R Nagendra
Introduction: Hypertension (HTN) is an important public health concern and a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Yoga is a form of mind-body medicine shown to be effective in controlling blood pressure (BP) and reduces cardiac risk factors in HTN. Integrated approach of Yoga therapy (IAYT) is a residential yoga-based lifestyle intervention proven to be beneficial in several health conditions. Aim: To study the efficacy of 1 week of residential IAYT intervention on cardiovascular parameters in hypertensive patients...
May 2018: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753354/the-development-of-the-guide-to-economic-analysis-and-research-gear-online-resource-for-low-and-middle-income-countries-health-economics-practitioners-a-commentary
#5
Chiaki Urai Adeagbo, Waranya Rattanavipapong, Lorna Guinness, Yot Teerawattananon
Public health authorities around the world are increasingly using economic evaluation to set priorities and inform decision making in health policy, especially in the development of health benefit packages. Nevertheless, researchers in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) encounter many barriers when conducting economic evaluations. In 2015, the Health Intervention and Technology Assessment Program identified key technical and context-specific challenges faced in conducting and using health economic evaluations in LMICs...
May 2018: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738441/experimentally-achievable-accuracy-using-a-digital-image-correlation-technique-in-measuring-small-magnitude-0-1-homogeneous-strain-fields
#6
Alice Acciaioli, Giacomo Lionello, Massimiliano Baleani
Measuring small-magnitude strain fields using a digital image correlation (DIC) technique is challenging, due to the noise-signal ratio in strain maps. Here, we determined the level of accuracy achievable in measuring small-magnitude (<0.1%) homogeneous strain fields. We investigated different sets of parameters for image processing and imaging pre-selection, based on single-image noise level. The trueness of DIC was assessed by comparison of Young&rsquo;s modulus (E) and Poisson&rsquo;s ratio (&nu;) with values obtained from strain gauge measurements...
May 8, 2018: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709625/dynamic-functional-connectivity-markers-of-objective-trait-mindfulness
#7
Julian Lim, James Teng, Amiya Patanaik, Jesisca Tandi, Stijn A A Massar
While mindfulness is commonly viewed as a skill to be cultivated through practice, untrained individuals can also vary widely in dispositional mindfulness. Prior research has identified static neural connectivity correlates of this trait. Here, we use dynamic functional connectivity (DFC) analysis of resting-state fMRI to study time-varying connectivity patterns associated with naturally varying and objectively measured trait mindfulness. Participants were selected from the top and bottom tertiles of performers on a breath-counting task to form high trait mindfulness (HTM; N = 21) and low trait mindfulness (LTM; N = 18) groups...
April 27, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705626/the-montreal-procedure-the-legacy-of-the-great-wilder-penfield
#8
REVIEW
Lady Diana Ladino, Syed Rizvi, José Francisco Téllez-Zenteno
Wilder Penfield pioneered the early practice of brain surgery. In binding together the disciplines of neurosurgery, neurology, neuropathology, psychology, and related basic sciences, Penfield transformed our understanding of the field of neuroscience. He brought to the operating room the meticulous techniques of Sherrington, combined with methods of stimulation described by Foerster, which he complemented with expert knowledge of the neurocytology of nervous tissue. While developing surgical treatments for epilepsy, Penfield began to map the brain...
April 26, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674369/do-conceptualisations-of-health-differ-across-social-strata-a-concept-mapping-study-among-lay-people
#9
Karien Stronks, Nancy Hoeymans, Beatrijs Haverkamp, Frank R J den Hertog, Marja J H van Bon-Martens, Henrike Galenkamp, Marcel Verweij, Hans A M van Oers
OBJECTIVES: The legitimacy of policies that aim at tackling socioeconomic inequalities in health can be challenged if they do not reflect the conceptualisations of health that are valued in all strata. Therefore, this study analyses how different socioeconomic groups formulate their own answers regarding: what does health mean to you? DESIGN: Concept mapping procedures were performed in three groups that differ in educational level. All procedures followed exactly the same design...
April 19, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650592/using-q-methodology-to-guide-the-implementation-of-new-healthcare-policies
#10
Sarah Alderson, Robbie Foy, Louise Bryant, Shenaz Ahmed, Allan House
There are many challenges in the development, implementation and evaluation of healthcare policy. One challenge is understanding how different stakeholders view a particular policy and what impact these views may have during implementation. Q-methodology is one approach that can be used to help policy makers and researchers actively engage with those who are important in policy implementation, and anticipate their responses. Q-methodology combines qualitative and quantitative research methods to systematically explore and describe the range of viewpoints about a topic...
April 12, 2018: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601678/interprofessional-education-in-dental-education-an-international-perspective
#11
J M Davis, J Janczukowicz, J Stewart, B Quinn, C A Feldman
Interprofessional collaborative care (IPC) is defined as working within and across healthcare disciplines and is considered essential to achieve a more inclusive, patient-centred care, provide a means to support patient safety and address global healthcare provider shortages. Interprofessional education (IPE) provides the knowledge and experience students need to achieve these goals. ADEE/ADEA held a joint international meeting 8-9 May 2017, with IPE being one of four topic areas discussed. The highly interactive workshop format, where "everyone was an expert," supported discussion, sharing and creative problem-solving of over seventy-one participants from twenty-nine countries...
March 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573738/mind-maps-and-network-analysis-to-evaluate-conceptualization-of-complex-issues-a-case-example-evaluating-systems-science-workshops-for-childhood-obesity-prevention
#12
Leah Frerichs, Tiffany L Young, Gaurav Dave, Doris Stith, Giselle Corbie-Smith, Kristen Hassmiller Lich
Across disciplines, it is common practice to bring together groups to solve complex problems. Facilitators are often asked to help groups organize information about and better understand the problem in order to develop and prioritize solutions. However, despite existence of several methods to elicit and characterize how individuals and groups think about and conceptualize an issue, many are difficult to implement in practice-based settings where resources such as technology and participant time are limited and research questions shift over time...
June 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569130/correlation-of-noninvasive-blood-pressure-and-invasive-intra-arterial-blood-pressure-in-patients-treated-with-vasoactive-medications-in-a-neurocritical-care-unit
#13
Ali A Saherwala, Sonja E Stutzman, Mohamed Osman, Junaid Kalia, Stephen A Figueroa, DaiWai M Olson, Venkatesh Aiyagari
BACKGROUND: The correlation between noninvasive (oscillometric) blood pressure (NBP) and intra-arterial blood pressure (IAP) in critically ill patients receiving vasoactive medications in a Neurocritical Care Unit has not been systematically studied. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between simultaneously measured NBP and IAP recordings in these patients. METHODS: Prospective observational study of patients (N = 70) admitted to a neurocritical care unit receiving continuous vasopressor or antihypertensive infusions...
March 22, 2018: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549760/mental-space-maps-into-the-future
#14
Anna Belardinelli, Johannes Lohmann, Alessandro Farnè, Martin V Butz
It has been suggested that our mind anticipates the future to act in a goal-directed, event-oriented manner. Here we asked whether peripersonal hand space, that is, the space surrounding one's hands, is dynamically and adaptively mapped into the future while planning and executing a goal-directed object manipulation. We thus combined the crossmodal congruency paradigm (CCP), which has been used to study selective interactions between vision and touch within peripersonal space, with an object manipulation task...
July 2018: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525680/i-see-neither-your-fear-nor-your-sadness-interoception-in-adolescents
#15
Eleana Georgiou, Sandra Mai, Katya C Fernandez, Olga Pollatos
Interoception describes the mapping of the body's internal landscape and has been connected to greater intensity of emotional experience. The goal of the current study was to explore the relationship between interoception and emotion face recognition in healthy adolescents. The heartbeat perception task was used to assess interoceptive accuracy(IAC) and participants were asked to recognize different facial expressions. EEG activity was recorded, providing data for the P100, the N170 and the P300 ERP components...
April 2018: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516501/the-emotion-mapping-activity-preliminary-evaluation-of-a-mindfulness-informed-exercise-to-improve-emotion-labeling-in-alexithymic-persons
#16
Emily Edwards, Sindhuja Shivaji, Peggilee Wupperman
Alexithymia is a psychoemotional trait associated with many treatment-resistant psychological and social difficulties. Research suggests that these difficulties stem primarily from an inability to appropriately apply linguistic labels to emotional experiences and content. The present research introduces and preliminarily evaluates a novel mindfulness-informed exercise to improve emotion-labeling ability in alexithymic persons. Based in culturally universal patterns of somatic experience, the Emotion Mapping Activity (EMA) directs alexithymic persons to reflect on their internal, somatic experiences as a source of information for interpreting and labeling emotional experiences...
June 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500157/crush-the-crave-development-and-formative-evaluation-of-a-smartphone-app-for-smoking-cessation
#17
Neill B Baskerville, Laura L Struik, Darly Dash
BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence supports the use of smartphone apps for smoking cessation, especially in young adults given their high smoking rates and high smartphone ownership rates. Although evaluative evidence is encouraging for supporting smoking cessation, there remains a paucity of research describing the design and development processes of mobile health (mHealth) interventions. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to describe the process of developing Crush the Crave (CTC), an evidence-informed app to support smoking cessation in young adults, and the results of a formative evaluation of app usage behavior, as part of a broader program of research that seeks to establish the effectiveness of the CTC app...
March 2, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29487518/mind-the-gap-the-effects-of-temporal-and-spatial-separation-in-localization-of-dual-touches-on-the-hand
#18
Renata Sadibolova, Luigi Tamè, Eamonn Walsh, Matthew R Longo
In this study, we aimed to relate the findings from two predominantly separate streams of literature, one reporting on the localization of single touches on the skin, and the other on the distance perception of dual touches. Participants were touched with two points, delivered either simultaneously or separated by a short delay to various locations on their left hand dorsum. They then indicated on a size-matched hand silhouette the perceived locations of tactile stimuli. We quantified the deviations between the actual stimulus grid and the corresponding perceptual map which was constructed from the perceived tactile locations, and we calculated the precision of tactile localization (i...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456941/the-learning-curve-in-surgical-practice-and-its-applicability-to-rhinoplasty
#19
Aditya Yeolekar, Haris Qadri
The learning curve as a concept has been considered, discussed and debated in medical education and healthcare for over two decades. The precise usage has been recognised in surgical disciplines both broad specialties and sub-specialties. Rollin Daniel in his book stated that, rhinoplasty is the most difficult of all cosmetic operations for three reasons, (a) nasal anatomy is highly variable, (b) the procedure must correct form and function and (c) the final result must meet the patients expectations. With this in mind a study was carried on the perception of learning curve in rhinoplasty based on a surgeon questionnaire at Marien Hospital, Stuttgart, Germany under Prof...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446032/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-joint-hypermobility-related-disorders-and-pain-expanding-body-mind-connections-to-the-developmental-age
#20
REVIEW
Carolina Baeza-Velasco, Lorenzo Sinibaldi, Marco Castori
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and generalized joint hypermobility (JH) are two separated conditions, assessed, and managed by different specialists without overlapping interests. Recently, some researchers highlighted an unexpected association between these two clinical entities. This happens in a scenario of increasing awareness on the protean detrimental effects that congenital anomalies of the connective tissue may have on human health and development. To review pertinent literature to identify possible connections between ADHD and GJH, special emphasis was put on musculoskeletal pain and syndromic presentations of GJH, particularly the hypermobile Ehlers-Danlos syndrome...
February 14, 2018: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
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