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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931197/reaching-the-elderly-understanding-of-health-and-preventive-experiences-for-a-tailored-approach-results-of-a-qualitative-study
#1
Christiane Patzelt, Susanne Heim, Bernhilde Deitermann, Gudrun Theile, Christian Krauth, Eva Hummers-Pradier, Ulla Walter
BACKGROUND: Often preventive measures are not accessed by the people who were intended to be reached. Programs for older adults may target men and women, older adults, advanced old age groups and/or chronically ill patients with specific indications. The defined target groups rarely participate in the conception of programs or in the design of information materials, although this would increase accessibility and participation. In the German "Reaching the Elderly" study (2008-2011), an approach to motivating older adults to participate in a preventive home visit (PHV) program was modified with the participatory involvement of the target groups...
December 8, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899138/the-impact-of-oxytocin-administration-on-brain-activity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-protocol
#2
Daniel S Quintana, Tim Outhred, Lars T Westlye, Gin S Malhi, Ole A Andreassen
BACKGROUND: Converging evidence demonstrates the important role of the neuropeptide hormone oxytocin (OT) in human behaviour and cognition. Intranasal OT administration has been shown to improve several aspects of social communication, such as the theory of mind performance and gaze to the eye region, and reduce anxiety and related negative cognitive appraisals. While this early research has demonstrated the potential for intranasal OT to treat psychiatric illnesses characterized by social impairments, the neurobiological mechanisms are not well known...
November 29, 2016: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893370/network-visualization-as-a-higher-order-visual-analysis-tool
#3
Tim Dwyer
The transformation of data into visuals that are as effective and engaging as possible for compelling presentation is an emerging topic in information visualization research. With this goal in mind, several data-analysis system approaches offer a higher-order network visualization that map insights rather than raw data. Knowledge visualization or externalization in the form of small, focused diagrams can communicate insights as well as help analysts structure their reasoning process.
November 2016: IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870567/mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-in-advanced-prostate-cancer-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Suzanne K Chambers, Stefano Occhipinti, Elizabeth Foley, Samantha Clutton, Melissa Legg, Martin Berry, Martin R Stockler, Mark Frydenberg, Robert A Gardiner, Stephen J Lepore, Ian D Davis, David P Smith
Purpose Advanced prostate cancer (PC) is associated with substantial psychosocial morbidity. We sought to determine whether mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) reduces distress in men with advanced PC. Methods Men with advanced PC (proven metastatic and/or castration-resistant biochemical progression) were randomly assigned to an 8-week, group-based MBCT intervention delivered by telephone (n = 94) or to minimally enhanced usual care (n = 95). Primary intervention outcomes were psychological distress, cancer-specific distress, and prostate-specific antigen anxiety...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870434/do-sex-differences-in-rumination-explain-sex-differences-in-depression
#5
REVIEW
Tracey J Shors, Emma M Millon, Han Yan M Chang, Ryan L Olson, Brandon L Alderman
It is generally accepted that women tend to ruminate more than men do and these thought patterns are often associated with depressive symptoms (Nolen-Hoeksema et al., ). Based on these findings, we considered whether the relationship between rumination and depression is stronger in women than in men and if so, whether this might explain the higher prevalence of major depressive disorder (MDD) in women and finally, whether the association can be disrupted through a mind/body intervention. Adult men and women, most of whom were clinically depressed, participated in an intervention known as MAP Training, which combines "mental" training with silent meditation and "physical" training with aerobic exercise (Shors et al...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854315/3d-scene-reconstruction-using-omnidirectional-vision-and-lidar-a-hybrid-approach
#6
Michiel Vlaminck, Hiep Luong, Werner Goeman, Wilfried Philips
In this paper, we propose a novel approach to obtain accurate 3D reconstructions of large-scale environments by means of a mobile acquisition platform. The system incorporates a Velodyne LiDAR scanner, as well as a Point Grey Ladybug panoramic camera system. It was designed with genericity in mind, and hence, it does not make any assumption about the scene or about the sensor set-up. The main novelty of this work is that the proposed LiDAR mapping approach deals explicitly with the inhomogeneous density of point clouds produced by LiDAR scanners...
November 16, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832679/-do-early-cochlear-implanted-toddlers-show-a-better-speech-development-than-later-implanted-children
#7
K Kral, R Lang-Roth, N Hilger, B Streicher
Objective: Long term goal in early cochlea implantation in children without any additional disabilities is an age-appropriate speech development. Material and Methods: Speech development in deaf children with cochlear-implant(s) (n=60) was examined with the german language test battery SETK-2 ("Sprachentwicklungstest für 2-jährige Kinder") 2 years after first mapping of the speech processor. Results: More than 68% of the subjects show in all 4 subtests hearing-age equivalent results in receptive and expressive language...
November 10, 2016: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817170/hospital-pharmacists-seen-through-the-eyes-of-physicians-qualitative-semi-structured-interviews
#8
Clare Béchet, Renaud Pichon, André Giordan, Pascal Bonnabry
Background Pharmacist-physician collaboration can lead to many positive outcomes. However, collaboration between healthcare providers is complex and rarely performed optimally. Objectives To study physician-pharmacist collaboration in hospital settings, from the physician's point of view. Setting Eight regional non-teaching hospital facilities, within a local area of northwest Switzerland, supplied by an independent central pharmacy. Method Physicians were sampled using a maximal variation purposive method...
November 5, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809998/brain-minds-a-japanese-national-brain-project-for-marmoset-neuroscience
#9
Hideyuki Okano, Erika Sasaki, Tetsuo Yamamori, Atsushi Iriki, Tomomi Shimogori, Yoko Yamaguchi, Kiyoto Kasai, Atsushi Miyawaki
Brain/MINDS (Brain Mapping by Integrated Neurotechnologies for Disease Studies) is a national brain project started by Japan in 2014. With the goal of developing the common marmoset as a model animal for neuroscience, the project aims to build a multiscale marmoset brain map, develop new technologies for experimentalists, create transgenic lines for brain disease modeling, and integrate translational findings from the clinical biomarker landscape. Brain/MINDS will collaborate with global brain projects to share technologies and resources...
November 2, 2016: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800205/anterior-rectal-resection-in-a-patient-with-aortoiliac-occlusive-disease-and-coexisting-collateral-pathways-management-and-pitfalls
#10
Floryn Cherbanyk, Jean-Loup Gassend, Olivier Martinet, Snezana Andrejevic-Blant, Henri-Marcel Hoogewoud
Chronic aortoiliac occlusive disease most often affects the common iliac arteries and distal aorta but can progress all the way to the renal arteries, occluding the inferior mesenteric artery. A compensatory collateral network typically develops to preserve lower body perfusion. Inadvertent compression or ligation of such collaterals during surgery can have catastrophic consequences. In this article, we present the case of a 63-year-old patient with aortoiliac occlusive disease, requiring surgery for an adenocarcinoma of the rectosigmoid junction...
2016: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785646/a-feasibility-study-of-educational-tools-for-osteomalacia
#11
R Waxman, A Adebajo, S Robinson, D Walker, M Johnson, A Rahman, A Samanta, K Kumar, K Raza, P Helliwell
Many people in the UK, particularly people of South Asian origin, are advised to supplement their vitamin D intake, yet most do not. This suggests an unmet educational need. The osteomalacia mind map was developed to meet this need. The mind map contains culturally sensitive images, translated into Urdu and made interactive on a DVD. This study explores the feasibility of a randomised controlled study to measure the effect of education on improving vitamin D knowledge and adherence. This was a pilot and feasibility study...
October 26, 2016: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716344/comparison-of-different-cardiovascular-magnetic-resonance-sequences-for-native-myocardial-t1-mapping-at-3t
#12
Tiago Teixeira, Tarik Hafyane, Nikola Stikov, Cansu Akdeniz, Andreas Greiser, Matthias G Friedrich
BACKGROUND: T1 mapping based on cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) is a novel approach using the magnetic relaxation T1 time as a quantitative marker for myocardial tissue composition. Various T1 mapping sequences are being used, with different strengths and weaknesses. Data comparing different sequences head to head however are sparse. METHODS: We compared three T1 mapping sequences, ShMOLLI, MOLLI and SASHA in phantoms and in a mid-ventricular slice of 40 healthy individuals (mean age 59 ± 7 years, 45 % male) with low (68 %) or moderate cardiovascular risk...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704409/neural-mapping-of-guilt-a-quantitative-meta-analysis-of-functional-imaging-studies
#13
Anthony J Gifuni, Adam Kendal, Fabrice Jollant
Guilt is a self-conscious emotion associated with the negative appraisal of one's behavior. In recent years, several neuroimaging studies have investigated the neural correlates of guilt, but no meta-analyses have yet identified the most robust activation patterns. A systematic review of literature found 16 functional magnetic resonance imaging studies with whole-brain analyses meeting the inclusion criteria, for a total of 325 participants and 135 foci of activation. A meta-analysis was then conducted using activation likelihood estimation...
October 4, 2016: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686463/increased-revision-rate-with-posterior-tibial-tunnel-placement-after-using-the-70-degree-tibial-guide-in-acl-reconstruction
#14
Eivind Inderhaug, Sveinung Raknes, Thomas Østvold, Eirik Solheim, Torbjørn Strand
PURPOSE: To map knee morphology radiographically in a population with a torn ACL and to investigate whether anatomic factors could be related to outcomes after ACL reconstruction at mid- to long-term follow-up. Further, we wanted to assess tibial tunnel placement after using the 70-degree "anti-impingement" tibial tunnel guide and investigate any relation between tunnel placement and revision surgery. METHODS: Patients undergoing ACL reconstruction involving the 70-degree tibial guide from 2003 to 2008 were included...
September 29, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672131/trait-coordination-mechanical-behaviour-and-growth-form-plasticity-of-amborella-trichopoda-under-variation-in-canopy-openness
#15
Santiago Trueba, Sandrine Isnard, Daniel Barthélémy, Mark E Olson
Understanding the distribution of traits across the angiosperm phylogeny helps map the nested hierarchy of features that characterize key nodes. Finding that Amborella is sister to the rest of the angiosperms has raised the question of whether it shares certain key functional trait characteristics, and plastic responses apparently widespread within the angiosperms at large. With this in mind, we test the hypothesis that local canopy openness induces plastic responses. We used this variation in morphological and functional traits to estimate the pervasiveness of trait scaling and leaf and stem economics...
2016: AoB Plants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669731/a-randomized-controlled-trial-exploring-the-effects-of-brief-anger-management-on-community-based-offenders-in-malta
#16
Kevin Sammut Henwood, Kevin Dominic Browne, Shihning Chou
The aim of this article is to examine the effects of a short-term one-to-one anger management program delivered to community-based offenders in Malta. The program delivered was the Individual Managing Anger Program (I-MAP), a Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) and mindfulness-based anger management intervention developed as an EU project. A randomized control trial (RCT)with waitlist controls was carried out to investigate the effects of I-MAP on the reduction in anger dysfunction among offenders serving a community-based sanction...
September 25, 2016: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623569/highly-reliable-key-generation-from-electrocardiogram-ecg
#17
Nima Karimian, Zimu Guo, Mark Tehranipoor, Domenic Forte
Traditional passwords are inadequate as cryptographic keys, as they are easy to forge and are vulnerable to guessing. Human biometrics have been proposed as a promising alternative due to their intrinsic nature. Electrocardiogram (ECG) is an emerging biometric that is extremely difficult to forge and circumvent, but has not yet been heavily investigated for cryptographic key generation. ECG has challenges with respect to immunity to noise, abnormalities, etc. In this paper, we propose a novel key generation approach that extracts keys from real valued ECG features with high reliability and entropy in mind...
September 8, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27553943/spatial-assessment-of-soil-organic-carbon-and-physicochemical-properties-in-a-horticultural-orchard-at-arid-zone-of-india-using-geostatistical-approaches
#18
Akath Singh, Priyabrata Santra, Mahesh Kumar, Navraten Panwar, P R Meghwal
Soil organic carbon (SOC) is a major indicator of long-term sustenance of agricultural production system. Apart from sustaining productivity, SOC plays a crucial role in context of climate change. Keeping in mind these potentials, spatial variation of SOC contents of a fruit orchard comprising several arid fruit plantations located at arid region of India is assessed in this study through geostatistical approaches. For this purpose, surface and subsurface soil samples from 175 locations from a fruit orchard spreading over 14...
December 0: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27499726/evidence-mapping-for-decision-making-feasibility-versus-accuracy-when-to-abandon-high-sensitivity-in-electronic-searches
#19
Barbara Buchberger, Laura Krabbe, Beate Lux, Jessica Tajana Mattivi
BACKGROUND: Mapping the evidence is a relatively new methodological approach and may be helpful for the development of research questions and decisions about their relevance and priority. However, the amount of data available today leads to challenges for scientists sometimes being confronted with literature searches retrieving over 30,000 results for screening. OBJECTIVES: We conducted an evidence mapping of the topic "diabetes and driving" to investigate its suitability for an evidence-based national clinical guideline...
2016: German Medical Science: GMS E-journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27469161/success-stories-showing-the-diversity-of-kidney-foundations-turkish-kidney-foundation
#20
Timur Erk
Founded in 1985, the Turkish Kidney Foundation serves the society with 3 dialysis centers and a 113-bed general hospital. Interacting with public authorities and advocating end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients' rights are essential services of this non-governmental organization (NGO). Over the last 30 years, keeping with the trend of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the country, the foundation raised awareness in the population for this condition and prepared an activity road map by using statistical facts and data...
2016: Clinical Nephrology
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