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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130326/resting-state-network-functional-connectivity-patterns-associated-with-the-mindful-attention-awareness-scale
#1
Elena Bilevicius, Stephen D Smith, Jennifer Kornelsen
Mindfulness refers to attending to moment-to-moment experiences with acceptance and no judgment. Several scales have been developed to quantify different components of mindfulness. The Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS) is particularly sensitive to trait mindfulness and is proposed to measure the attentional component of mindfulness. The purpose of the current study was to identify the neural correlates of the MAAS in four resting state networks related to attention-the default mode network (DMN), the salience network (SN), and the left and right central executive network (lCEN and rCEN)...
November 12, 2017: Brain Connectivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113925/the-24-7-approach-to-promoting-optimal-welfare-for-captive-wild-animals
#2
Sabrina Brando, Hannah M Buchanan-Smith
We have an ethical responsibility to provide captive animals with environments that allow them to experience good welfare. Husbandry activities are often scheduled for the convenience of care staff working within the constraints of the facility, rather than considering the biological and psychological requirements of the animals themselves. The animal welfare 24/7 across the lifespan concept provides a holistic framework to map features of the animal's life cycle, taking into account their natural history, in relation to variations in the captive environment, across day and night, weekdays, weekends, and seasons...
November 4, 2017: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112868/drosophila-connectomics-mapping-the-larval-eye-s%C3%A2-mind
#3
Carl Friedrich-Reed Wienecke, Thomas R Clandinin
A new study has mapped the connectome - the shapes and connections of all the neurons- of the visual system of a Drosophila larva, providing a structural basis for understanding the neural circuitry of larval vision.
November 6, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084030/method-of-app-selection-for-healthcare-providers-based-on-consumer-needs
#4
Jisan Lee, Jeongeun Kim
Mobile device applications can be used to manage health. However, healthcare providers hesitate to use them because selection methods that consider the needs of health consumers and identify the most appropriate application are rare. This study aimed to create an effective method of identifying applications that address user needs. Women experiencing dysmenorrhea and premenstrual syndrome were the targeted users. First, we searched for related applications from two major sources of mobile applications. Brainstorming, mind mapping, and persona and scenario techniques were used to create a checklist of relevant criteria, which was used to rate the applications...
October 28, 2017: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029153/modeling-the-environmental-suitability-for-aedes-stegomyia-aegypti-and-aedes-stegomyia-albopictus-diptera-culicidae-in-the-contiguous-united-states
#5
Tammi L Johnson, Ubydul Haque, Andrew J Monaghan, Lars Eisen, Micah B Hahn, Mary H Hayden, Harry M Savage, Janet McAllister, John-Paul Mutebi, Rebecca J Eisen
The mosquitoes Aedes (Stegomyia) aegypti (L.)(Diptera:Culicidae) and Ae. (Stegomyia) albopictus (Skuse) (Diptera:Culicidae) transmit dengue, chikungunya, and Zika viruses and represent a growing public health threat in parts of the United States where they are established. To complement existing mosquito presence records based on discontinuous, non-systematic surveillance efforts, we developed county-scale environmental suitability maps for both species using maximum entropy modeling to fit climatic variables to county presence records from 1960-2016 in the contiguous United States...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969413/the-eternal-enigma-in-prostatic-biopsy-access-route
#6
Andrea Fabiani, Emanuele Principi, Alessandra Filosa, Lucilla Servi
Dear Editors,We read with interest the article by Di Franco and co-workers (1). The introduction of prostatic magnetic resonance and the relative fusion-biopsy have not yet allowed the expected improvements in prostate biopsy. To our knowledge, there are no works that demonstrate the superiority of fusion techniques on the remaining ultrasound guided prostate biopsies that are still the widely used in the diagnosis of prostate cancer. Furthemore, these technologies are expensive exams and they are not yet available in all centers, especially in those minors...
October 3, 2017: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946996/motion-rehab-ave-3d-a-vr-based-exergame-for-post-stroke-rehabilitation
#7
Mateus Trombetta, Patrícia Paula Bazzanello Henrique, Manoela Rogofski Brum, Eliane Lucia Colussi, Ana Carolina Bertoletti De Marchi, Rafael Rieder
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Recent researches about games for post-stroke rehabilitation have been increasing, focusing in upper limb, lower limb and balance situations, and showing good experiences and results. With this in mind, this paper presents Motion Rehab AVE 3D, a serious game for post-stroke rehabilitation of patients with mild stroke. The aim is offer a new technology in order to assist the traditional therapy and motivate the patient to execute his/her rehabilitation program, under health professional supervision...
November 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940934/the-patterns-of-birthmarks-suggest-a-novel-population-of-melanocyte-precursors-arising-around-the-time-of-gastrulation
#8
Veronica A Kinsler, Lionel Larue
Systematic work in the mouse and chicken has mapped out two neural crest-derived pathways of melanocyte precursor migration. With these in mind, this study reappraises the patterns of congenital pigmentary disorders in humans and identifies three recurrent patterns consistent across genetically different diseases. Only two of these are seen in diseases known to be melanocyte cell-autonomous. The segmental pattern correlates well with the classical dorsolateral population from animal studies, demonstrating respect of the midline, cranio-caudal axial mixing, unilateral migration and involvement of key epidermally derived structures...
September 23, 2017: Pigment Cell & Melanoma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922416/multi-level-computational-methods-for-interdisciplinary-research-in-the-hathitrust-digital-library
#9
Jaimie Murdock, Colin Allen, Katy Börner, Robert Light, Simon McAlister, Andrew Ravenscroft, Robert Rose, Doori Rose, Jun Otsuka, David Bourget, John Lawrence, Chris Reed
We show how faceted search using a combination of traditional classification systems and mixed-membership topic models can go beyond keyword search to inform resource discovery, hypothesis formulation, and argument extraction for interdisciplinary research. Our test domain is the history and philosophy of scientific work on animal mind and cognition. The methods can be generalized to other research areas and ultimately support a system for semi-automatic identification of argument structures. We provide a case study for the application of the methods to the problem of identifying and extracting arguments about anthropomorphism during a critical period in the development of comparative psychology...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821520/preclinical-medical-students-understandings-of-academic-and-medical-professionalism-visual-analysis-of-mind-maps
#10
Janusz Janczukowicz, Charlotte E Rees
INTRODUCTION: Several studies have begun to explore medical students' understandings of professionalism generally and medical professionalism specifically. Despite espoused relationships between academic (AP) and medical professionalism (MP), previous research has not yet investigated students' conceptualisations of AP and MP and the relationships between the two. OBJECTIVES: The current study, based on innovative visual analysis of mind maps, therefore aims to contribute to the developing literature on how professionalism is understood...
August 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821381/evidence-from-blindness-for-a-cognitively-pluripotent-cortex
#11
REVIEW
Marina Bedny
Cognitive neuroscience seeks to discover how cognitive functions are implemented in neural circuits. Studies of plasticity in blindness suggest that this mind-brain mapping is highly flexible during development. In blindness, 'visual' cortices take on higher-cognitive functions, including language and mathematics, becoming sensitive to the grammatical structure of spoken sentences and the difficulty of math equations. Visual cortex activity at rest becomes synchronized with higher-cognitive networks. Such repurposing is striking in light of the cognitive and evolutionary differences between vision, language, and mathematics...
July 8, 2017: Trends in Cognitive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821345/evidence-from-blindness-for-a-cognitively-pluripotent-cortex
#12
REVIEW
Marina Bedny
Cognitive neuroscience seeks to discover how cognitive functions are implemented in neural circuits. Studies of plasticity in blindness suggest that this mind-brain mapping is highly flexible during development. In blindness, 'visual' cortices take on higher-cognitive functions, including language and mathematics, becoming sensitive to the grammatical structure of spoken sentences and the difficulty of math equations. Visual cortex activity at rest becomes synchronized with higher-cognitive networks. Such repurposing is striking in light of the cognitive and evolutionary differences between vision, language, and mathematics...
September 2017: Trends in Cognitive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818161/using-mind-maps-to-improve-medical-student-performance-in-a-pharmacology-course-at-kunming-medical-university
#13
Guo Ying, Xie Jianping, Luo Haiyun, Li Xia, Yang Jianyu, Xuan Qun, Yu Jianyun
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether students using mind maps would improve their performance in a final examination at the end of lecture-based pharmacology course. STUDY DESIGN: Aquasi-experimental study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Kunming Medical University, from September 2014 to January 2015. METHODOLOGY: One hundred and twenty-two (122) third year undergraduate medical students, starting a 48-hour lecturebased pharmacology course, volunteered to use mind maps as one of their study strategies (intervention group), while the remaining 100 students in the class continued to use their usual study strategies (control group) over the duration of the course...
July 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815771/molstack-interactive-visualization-tool-for-presentation-interpretation-and-validation-of-macromolecules-and-electron-density-maps
#14
Przemyslaw J Porebski, Piotr Sroka, Heping Zheng, David R Cooper, Wladek Minor
Our understanding of the world of biomolecular structures is based upon the interpretation of macromolecular models, of which ∼ 90% are themselves the interpretation of electron density maps. This structural information guides scientific progress and exploration in many biomedical disciplines. The Protein Data Bank's web portals have made these structures available for mass scientific consumption and greatly broaden the scope of information presented in scientific publications. The portals provide numerous quality metrics; however, the portion of the structure that is most vital for interpretation of the function may have the most difficult to interpret electron density and this ambiguity is not reflected by any single metric...
August 17, 2017: Protein Science: a Publication of the Protein Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805399/mind-matters-a-meta-analysis-on-parental-mentalization-and-sensitivity-as-predictors-of-infant-parent-attachment
#15
Moniek A J Zeegers, Cristina Colonnesi, Geert-Jan J M Stams, Elizabeth Meins
Major developments in attachment research over the past 2 decades have introduced parental mentalization as a predictor of infant-parent attachment security. Parental mentalization is the degree to which parents show frequent, coherent, or appropriate appreciation of their infants' internal states. The present study examined the triangular relations between parental mentalization, parental sensitivity, and attachment security. A total of 20 effect sizes (N = 974) on the relation between parental mentalization and attachment, 82 effect sizes (N = 6,664) on the relation between sensitivity and attachment, and 24 effect sizes (N = 2,029) on the relation between mentalization and sensitivity were subjected to multilevel meta-analyses...
August 14, 2017: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790343/strategic-tradeoffs-in-competitor-dynamics-on-adaptive-networks
#16
Laurent Hébert-Dufresne, Antoine Allard, Pierre-André Noël, Jean-Gabriel Young, Eric Libby
Recent empirical work highlights the heterogeneity of social competitions such as political campaigns: proponents of some ideologies seek debate and conversation, others create echo chambers. While symmetric and static network structure is typically used as a substrate to study such competitor dynamics, network structure can instead be interpreted as a signature of the competitor strategies, yielding competition dynamics on adaptive networks. Here we demonstrate that tradeoffs between aggressiveness and defensiveness (i...
August 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771180/investigation-of-exhaled-breath-samples-from-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-using-gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-and-an-exhaled-breath-sensor-system
#17
Hui-Chong Lau, Joon-Boo Yu, Ho-Won Lee, Jeung-Soo Huh, Jeong-Ok Lim
Exhaled breath is a body secretion, and the sampling process of this is simple and cost effective. It can be non-invasively collected for diagnostic procedures. Variations in the chemical composition of exhaled breath resulting from gaseous exchange in the extensive capillary network of the body are proposed to be associated with pathophysiological changes. In light of the foreseeable potential of exhaled breath as a diagnostic specimen, we used gas chromatography and mass spectrometry (GC-MS) to study the chemical compounds present in exhaled breath samples from patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD), Parkinson's disease (PD), and from healthy individuals as a control group...
August 3, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768447/neural-oscillation-correlates-chemistry-decision-making
#18
Li-Yu Huang, Hsiao-Ching She, Tzyy-Ping Jung
This study explored the electroencephalography (EEG) dynamics during a chemistry-related decision-making task and further examined whether the correctness of the decision-making performance could be reflected by EEG activity. A total of 66 undergraduate students' EEG were collected while they participated in a chemistry-related decision-making task in which they had to retrieve the relevant chemistry concepts in order to make correct decisions for each task item. The results showed that it was only in the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) cluster that distinct patterns in EEG dynamics were displayed for the correct and incorrect responses...
May 7, 2017: International Journal of Neural Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753658/neuroanatomy-of-the-spleen-mapping-the-relationship-between-sympathetic-neurons-and-lymphocytes
#19
Kaitlin Murray, Dayn Romero Godinez, Ingrid Brust-Mascher, Elaine Nicole Miller, Melanie G Gareau, Colin Reardon
The nervous system plays a profound regulatory role in maintaining appropriate immune responses by signaling to immune cells. These immune cells, including B- and T-cells, can further act as intermediary messengers, with subsets of B- and T-cells expressing choline acetyltransferase (ChAT), the enzyme required for acetylcholine (ACh) synthesis. Neural control of ACh release from ChAT+ T-cells can have powerful immune implications, regulating lymphocyte trafficking, inflammation, and prevent death due to experimental septic shock...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753372/towards-holography-via-quantum-source-channel-codes
#20
Fernando Pastawski, Jens Eisert, Henrik Wilming
While originally motivated by quantum computation, quantum error correction (QEC) is currently providing valuable insights into many-body quantum physics, such as topological phases of matter. Furthermore, mounting evidence originating from holography research (AdS/CFT) indicates that QEC should also be pertinent for conformal field theories. With this motivation in mind, we introduce quantum source-channel codes, which combine features of lossy compression and approximate quantum error correction, both of which are predicted in holography...
July 14, 2017: Physical Review Letters
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