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mind maps

Tiago Teixeira, Tarik Hafyane, Nikola Stikov, Cansu Akdeniz, Andreas Greiser, Matthias G Friedrich
BACKGROUND: T1 mapping based on cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) is a novel approach using the magnetic relaxation T1 time as a quantitative marker for myocardial tissue composition. Various T1 mapping sequences are being used, with different strengths and weaknesses. Data comparing different sequences head to head however are sparse. METHODS: We compared three T1 mapping sequences, ShMOLLI, MOLLI and SASHA in phantoms and in a mid-ventricular slice of 40 healthy individuals (mean age 59 ± 7 years, 45 % male) with low (68 %) or moderate cardiovascular risk...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
Anthony J Gifuni, Adam Kendal, Fabrice Jollant
Guilt is a self-conscious emotion associated with the negative appraisal of one's behavior. In recent years, several neuroimaging studies have investigated the neural correlates of guilt, but no meta-analyses have yet identified the most robust activation patterns. A systematic review of literature found 16 functional magnetic resonance imaging studies with whole-brain analyses meeting the inclusion criteria, for a total of 325 participants and 135 foci of activation. A meta-analysis was then conducted using activation likelihood estimation...
October 4, 2016: Brain Imaging and Behavior
Eivind Inderhaug, Sveinung Raknes, Thomas Østvold, Eirik Solheim, Torbjørn Strand
PURPOSE: To map knee morphology radiographically in a population with a torn ACL and to investigate whether anatomic factors could be related to outcomes after ACL reconstruction at mid- to long-term follow-up. Further, we wanted to assess tibial tunnel placement after using the 70-degree "anti-impingement" tibial tunnel guide and investigate any relation between tunnel placement and revision surgery. METHODS: Patients undergoing ACL reconstruction involving the 70-degree tibial guide from 2003 to 2008 were included...
September 29, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Santiago Trueba, Sandrine Isnard, Daniel Barthélémy, Mark E Olson
Understanding the distribution of traits across the angiosperm phylogeny helps map the nested hierarchy of features that characterize key nodes. Finding that Amborella is sister to the rest of the angiosperms has raised the question of whether it shares certain key functional trait characteristics, and plastic responses apparently widespread within the angiosperms at large. With this in mind, we test the hypothesis that local canopy openness induces plastic responses. We used this variation in morphological and functional traits to estimate the pervasiveness of trait scaling, and leaf and stem economics...
September 26, 2016: AoB Plants
Kevin Sammut Henwood, Kevin Dominic Browne, Shihning Chou
The aim of this article is to examine the effects of a short-term one-to-one anger management program delivered to community-based offenders in Malta. The program delivered was the Individual Managing Anger Program (I-MAP), a Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) and mindfulness-based anger management intervention developed as an EU project. A randomized control trial (RCT)with waitlist controls was carried out to investigate the effects of I-MAP on the reduction in anger dysfunction among offenders serving a community-based sanction...
September 25, 2016: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
Nima Karimian, Zimu Guo, Mark Tehranipoor, Domenic Forte
Traditional passwords are inadequate as cryptographic keys, as they are easy to forge and are vulnerable to guessing. Human biometrics have been proposed as a promising alternative due to their intrinsic nature. Electrocardiogram (ECG) is an emerging biometric that is extremely difficult to forge and circumvent, but has not yet been heavily investigated for cryptographic key generation. ECG has challenges with respect to immunity to noise, abnormalities, etc. In this paper, we propose a novel key generation approach that extracts keys from real valued ECG features with high reliability and entropy in mind...
September 8, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
Akath Singh, Priyabrata Santra, Mahesh Kumar, Navraten Panwar, P R Meghwal
Soil organic carbon (SOC) is a major indicator of long-term sustenance of agricultural production system. Apart from sustaining productivity, SOC plays a crucial role in context of climate change. Keeping in mind these potentials, spatial variation of SOC contents of a fruit orchard comprising several arid fruit plantations located at arid region of India is assessed in this study through geostatistical approaches. For this purpose, surface and subsurface soil samples from 175 locations from a fruit orchard spreading over 14...
September 2016: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Barbara Buchberger, Laura Krabbe, Beate Lux, Jessica Tajana Mattivi
BACKGROUND: Mapping the evidence is a relatively new methodological approach and may be helpful for the development of research questions and decisions about their relevance and priority. However, the amount of data available today leads to challenges for scientists sometimes being confronted with literature searches retrieving over 30,000 results for screening. OBJECTIVES: We conducted an evidence mapping of the topic "diabetes and driving" to investigate its suitability for an evidence-based national clinical guideline...
2016: German Medical Science: GMS E-journal
Timur Erk
Founded in 1985, the Turkish Kidney Foundation serves the society with 3 dialysis centers and a 113-bed general hospital. Interacting with public authorities and advocating end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients' rights are essential services of this non-governmental organization (NGO). Over the last 30 years, keeping with the trend of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the country, the foundation raised awareness in the population for this condition and prepared an activity road map by using statistical facts and data...
July 29, 2016: Clinical Nephrology
Michele R Solloway, Stephanie L Taylor, Paul G Shekelle, Isomi M Miake-Lye, Jessica M Beroes, Roberta M Shanman, Susanne Hempel
BACKGROUND: This evidence map describes the volume and focus of Tai Chi research reporting health outcomes. Originally developed as a martial art, Tai Chi is typically taught as a series of slow, low-impact movements that integrate the breath, mind, and physical activity to achieve greater awareness and a sense of well-being. METHODS: The evidence map is based on a systematic review of systematic reviews. We searched 11 electronic databases from inception to February 2014, screened reviews of reviews, and consulted with topic experts...
2016: Systematic Reviews
Hilde Perdok, Suze Jans, Corine Verhoeven, Lidewij Henneman, Therese Wiegers, Ben Willem Mol, François Schellevis, Ank de Jonge
BACKGROUND: This study aims to give insight into the opinions of maternity care professionals and other stakeholders on the integration of midwife-led care and obstetrician-led care and on the facilitating and inhibiting factors for integrating maternity care. METHODS: Qualitative study using interviews and focus groups from November 2012 to February 2013 in the Netherlands. Seventeen purposively selected stakeholder representatives participated in individual semi-structured interviews and 21 in focus groups...
2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Ray Jackendoff, Eva Wittenberg
We suggest that one way to approach the evolution of language is through reverse engineering: asking what components of the language faculty could have been useful in the absence of the full complement of components. We explore the possibilities offered by linear grammar, a form of language that lacks syntax and morphology altogether, and that structures its utterances through a direct mapping between semantics and phonology. A language with a linear grammar would have no syntactic categories or syntactic phrases, and therefore no syntactic recursion...
July 1, 2016: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
Rebecca C Wilson, Oliver W Butters, Tom Clark, Joel Minion, Andrew Turner, Madeleine J Murtagh
ECOUTER (Employing COnceptUal schema for policy and Translation Engagement in Research) - French for 'to listen' - is a new stakeholder engagement method incorporating existing evidence to help participants draw upon their own knowledge of cognate issues and interact on a topic of shared concern. The results of an ECOUTER can form the basis of recommendations for research, governance, practice and/or policy. This paper describes the development of a digital methodology for the ECOUTER engagement process based on currently available mind mapping freeware software...
2016: F1000Research
M D de Hevia
Adults' ability to process numerical information can be traced back to the first days of life. The cognitive mechanisms underlying numerical representations are functional in preverbal infants, who are able to both track a small number of individuals and to estimate the numerosity of large sets across different modalities. This ability is closely linked to their ability to compute other quantitative dimensions such as spatial extent and temporal duration. In fact, the human mind establishes, early in life, spontaneous links between number, space, and time, which are privileged relative to links with other continuous dimensions (like loudness and brightness)...
2016: Progress in Brain Research
Sharon Mary Johnson, Anthony Vernon Naidoo
Teaching is one of the most stressful occupations, with high stress and burnout levels of teachers necessitating intervention. This is especially relevant for South African teachers tasked with additional responsibilities of dealing with HIV/AIDS issues, as well as attending to normal curricula duties. A burnout prevention intervention, based on Paulo Freire's adult educational approach, using transpersonal psychology techniques, was introduced to HIV/AIDS coordinator teachers (n = 27) at high-risk schools in the Western Cape, South Africa, who attended six three-hour weekly workshops...
June 23, 2016: AIDS Care
S Reaungamornrat, T De Silva, A Uneri, J-P Wolinsky, A J Khanna, G Kleinszig, S Vogt, J L Prince, J H Siewerdsen
PURPOSE: Localization of target anatomy and critical structures defined in preoperative MR images can be achieved by means of multi-modality deformable registration to intraoperative CT. We propose a symmetric diffeomorphic deformable registration algorithm incorporating a modality independent neighborhood descriptor (MIND) and a robust Huber metric for MR-to-CT registration. METHOD: The method, called MIND Demons, solves for the deformation field between two images by optimizing an energy functional that incorporates both the forward and inverse deformations, smoothness on the velocity fields and the diffeomorphisms, a modality-insensitive similarity function suitable to multi-modality images, and constraints on geodesics in Lagrangian coordinates...
February 27, 2016: Proceedings of SPIE
Özhan Özgür, Muzaffer Sindel, Arzu Hizay, Serra Öztürk, Güneş Aytaç, Timur Sindel
Variations of the branches of the external carotid artery have been well documented in the available literature. However, variation of the occipital artery arising from the internal carotid artery is extremely rare case. A 42-year-old man patient who suffered from subarachnoid hemorrhage with suspicious vascular anomalies was found to have this variation on the right side by angiography during selective catheterisation of main carotid artery for vascular mapping. Our literature searches revealed that there was rare case such variations...
June 20, 2016: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Danilo Bzdok, Gaël Varoquaux, Olivier Grisel, Michael Eickenberg, Cyril Poupon, Bertrand Thirion
Systems neuroscience has identified a set of canonical large-scale networks in humans. These have predominantly been characterized by resting-state analyses of the task-unconstrained, mind-wandering brain. Their explicit relationship to defined task performance is largely unknown and remains challenging. The present work contributes a multivariate statistical learning approach that can extract the major brain networks and quantify their configuration during various psychological tasks. The method is validated in two extensive datasets (n = 500 and n = 81) by model-based generation of synthetic activity maps from recombination of shared network topographies...
June 2016: PLoS Computational Biology
Sureerat Reaungamornrat, Tharindu De Silva, Ali Uneri, Sebastian Vogt, Gerhard Kleinszig, A J Khanna, Jean-Paul Wolinsky, Jerry L Prince, Jeffrey H Siewerdsen
Intraoperative localization of target anatomy and critical structures defined in preoperative MR/CT images can be achieved through the use of multimodality deformable registration. We propose a symmetric diffeomorphic deformable registration algorithm incorporating a modality-independent neighborhood descriptor (MIND) and a robust Huber metric for MR-to-CT registration. The method, called MIND Demons, finds a deformation field between two images by optimizing an energy functional that incorporates both the forward and inverse deformations, smoothness on the integrated velocity fields, a modality-insensitive similarity function suitable to multimodality images, and smoothness on the diffeomorphisms themselves...
June 2, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
C D Willis, J K Greene, A Abramowicz, B L Riley
INTRODUCTION: The Public Health Agency of Canada's Multi-sectoral Partnerships Initiative, administered by the Centre for Chronic Disease Prevention (CCDP), brings together diverse partners to design, implement and advance innovative approaches for improving population health. This article describes the development and initial priorities of an action research project (a learning and improvement strategy) that aims to facilitate continuous improvement of the CCDP's partnership initiative and contribute to the evidence on multi-sectoral partnerships...
June 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
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