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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549451/clinical-and-laboratory-evaluation-of-new-immigrant-and-refugee-children-arriving-in-greece
#1
Ioanna D Pavlopoulou, Marsela Tanaka, Stavroula Dikalioti, Evangelia Samoli, Pavlos Nisianakis, Olga D Boleti, Konstantinos Tsoumakas
BACKGROUND: Migrant children are a population at risk for various health problems. Despite the increased inflow of migrants in Greece, data regarding their health assessment are lacking. This study aims to describe the clinical and certain laboratory characteristics and identify possible associations in a group of new immigrant (I) and refugee (R) children, arriving in Athens, Greece. METHODS: A prospective, cross- sectional study was performed in a migrant outpatient clinic of a tertiary Children's hospital...
May 26, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545752/emergency-department-as-a-first-contact-for-mental-health-problems-in-children-and-youth
#2
Peter J Gill, Natasha Saunders, Sima Gandhi, Alejandro Gonzalez, Paul Kurdyak, Simone Vigod, Astrid Guttmann
OBJECTIVE: To characterize youth who use the emergency department (ED) as a "first contact" for mental health (MH) problems. METHOD: This was a population-based cross-sectional cohort study using linked health and demographic administrative datasets of youth 10 to 24 years of age with an incident MH ED visit from April 1, 2010, to March 31, 2014, in Ontario, Canada. We modeled the association of demographic, clinical, and health service use characteristics with having no prior outpatient MH care in the preceding 2-year period ("first contact") using modified Poisson models...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542791/pregnancy-outcomes-among-syrian-refugee-and-jordanian-women-a-comparative-study
#3
K Alnuaimi, M Kassab, R Ali, K Mohammad, K Shattnawi
AIM: To compare pregnancy outcomes of Syrian refugee women and Jordanian women. BACKGROUND AND INTRODUCTION: In the past few years, thousands of Syrians fled Syria to neighbouring countries such as Jordan as a result of the continuing conflict in their country. Pregnant refugee women are facing many difficulties that increase the prevalence of antenatal complications. However, there is limited awareness of whether Syrian refugee women have different risks of pregnancy outcomes than Jordanian women...
May 25, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540768/daily-stressors-trauma-exposure-and-mental-health-among-stateless-rohingya-refugees-in-bangladesh
#4
Andrew Riley, Andrea Varner, Peter Ventevogel, M M Taimur Hasan, Courtney Welton-Mitchell
The Rohingya of Myanmar are a severely persecuted minority who form one of the largest groups of stateless people; thousands of them reside in refugee camps in southeastern Bangladesh. There has been little research into the mental health consequences of persecution, war, and other historical trauma endured by the Rohingya; nor has the role of daily environmental stressors associated with continued displacement, statelessness, and life in the refugee camps, been thoroughly researched. This cross-sectional study examined: trauma history, daily environmental stressors, and mental health outcomes for 148 Rohingya adults residing in Kutupalong and Nayapara refugee camps in Bangladesh...
June 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540733/hiv-risk-prevalence-and-access-to-care-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-lebanon
#5
Robert Heimer, Russell Barbour, Danielle Khoury, Forrest W Crawford, Fatma Mohamed Shebl, Elie Aaraj, Kaveh Khoshnood
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about HIV prevalence and risk among men who have sex with men in much of the Middle East, including Lebanon. Recent national level surveillance has suggested an increase in HIV prevalence concentrated among men in Lebanon. We undertook a biobehavioral study to provide direct evidence for the spread of HIV. DESIGN: . MSM were recruited by respondent driven sampling, interviewed, and offered HIV testing anonymously at sites located in Beirut, Lebanon from October 2014 through February 2015...
May 25, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536902/mental-health-screening-in-a-bosnian-refugee-population-using-the-primary-care-behavioral-health-screener-bosnian-translation
#6
Leigh E Tenkku Lepper, Ajlina Karamehic-Muratovic, Joanne Salas, C Alec Pollard, Edina Karahodzic, Jaron Asher
This study assesses the utility of the primary care behavioral health screener (PCBHS), which the authors have adapted and translated for adult Bosnian refugees (PCBHS-B) living in the Midwest area of the United States, who utilized primary care services within a private physician clinic and a federally qualified health center. The study was conducted from March 2012-April 2013 and included 131 Bosnian respondents, 24% of whom were receiving behavioral health services. Similar to a non-Bosnian U.S. sample, one-third (34...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535793/intermittent-preventive-treatment-for-malaria-among-children-in-a-refugee-camp-in-northern-uganda-lessons-learned
#7
Matthew E Coldiron, Estrella Lasry, Malika Bouhenia, Debashish Das, Peter Okui, Dan Nyehangane, Juliet Mwanga, Celine Langendorf, Greg Elder, Léon Salumu, Rebecca F Grais
Northern Uganda hosts a large population of refugees from South Sudan, and malaria is one of the major health problems in the area. In 2015, intermittent preventive treatment for malaria (IPTc) was implemented in two refugee camps among children aged 6 months to 14 years. Three distributions of dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine (DP) were conducted at 8-week intervals. The first dose was directly administered at IPTc distribution sites and the second and third doses were given to caregivers to administer at home...
May 23, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534295/addressing-the-needs-of-preschool-children-in-the-context-of-disasters-and-terrorism-clinical-pictures-and-moderating-factors
#8
REVIEW
Daniel Hamiel, Leo Wolmer, Lee Pardo-Aviv, Nathaniel Laor
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This paper surveys the existent theoretical and research literature regarding the needs of preschool children in the context of disasters and terrorism with the aim of understanding (a) the consequences of such events for young children and (b) the main moderating variables influencing the event-consequence association to learn how to enhance their resilience. RECENT FINDINGS: Consequences include a variety of emotional, behavioral, and biological outcomes...
July 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532343/a-suicide-research-agenda-for-people-from-immigrant-and-refugee-backgrounds
#9
Erminia Colucci, Lay San Too, Harry Minas
The aim of this study was to establish mental health and suicide research priorities for people from immigrant and refugee background in Australia. This paper focuses on the data relevant to the development of the suicide research agenda. This study was conducted using Delphi consensus method with two rounds of online questionnaires. A total of 138 and 86 participants, respectively, completed the first and second rounds of survey. Participants were policy makers, service providers, academics, service users and carer advocates in Australia with expertise in mental health and/or suicide among people from immigrant and refugee backgrounds...
May 22, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521830/evidence-based-policy-responses-to-strengthen-health-community-and-legislative-systems-that-care-for-women-in-australia-with-female-genital-mutilation-cutting
#10
REVIEW
Nesrin Varol, John J Hall, Kirsten Black, Sabera Turkmani, Angela Dawson
BACKGROUND: The physical and psychological impact of female genital mutilation / cutting (FGM/C) can be substantial, long term, and irreversible. Parts of the health sector in Australia have developed guidelines in the management of FGM/C, but large gaps exist in community and professional knowledge of the consequences and treatment of FGM/C. The prevalence of FGM/C amongst Australian women is unknown. Our article reviews the literature on research on FGM/C in Australia, which focuses on health system response to women and girls with FGM/C...
May 18, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521751/an-integrated-intervention-to-reduce-intimate-partner-violence-and-psychological-distress-with-refugees-in-low-resource-settings-study-protocol-for-the-nguvu-cluster-randomized-trial
#11
Wietse A Tol, M Claire Greene, Samuel Likindikoki, Lusia Misinzo, Peter Ventevogel, Ann G Bonz, Judith K Bass, Jessie K K Mbwambo
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a critical public health and human rights concern globally, including for refugee women in low-resource settings. Little is known about effective interventions for this population. IPV and psychological distress have a bi-directional relationship, indicating the potential benefit of a structured psychological component as part of efforts to reduce IPV for women currently in violent relationships. METHODS: This protocol describes a cluster randomized controlled trial aimed at evaluating an 8-session integrated psychological and advocacy intervention (Nguvu) with female adult survivors of past-year IPV displaying moderate to severe psychological distress...
May 18, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515007/effects-of-maternal-traumatic-distress-on-family-functioning-and-child-mental-health-an-examination-of-southeast-asian-refugee-families-in-the-u-s
#12
Cindy C Sangalang, Justin Jager, Tracy W Harachi
BACKGROUND: The psychological effects of trauma are well-documented among refugee adults and children alone, yet less research has attended to the intergenerational transmission of trauma within refugee families. Additionally, there is considerable diversity between refugee populations as well as within-group variation in the experiences and effects of refugee trauma. OBJECTIVE: The current study examines the longitudinal effects of maternal traumatic distress on family functioning and child mental health outcomes among Southeast Asian refugee women and their adolescent children...
May 11, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514988/how-latina-mothers-navigate-a-food-swamp-to-feed-their-children-a-photovoice-approach
#13
Uriyoán Colón-Ramos, Rafael Monge-Rojas, Elena Cremm, Ivonne M Rivera, Elizabeth L Andrade, Mark C Edberg
OBJECTIVE: To understand how mothers who recently migrated from Central America to the USA feed their children in a neighbourhood saturated with unhealthful food choices ('food swamp') and to formulate a mother-driven plan of action to facilitate their acquisition of foods. Design/Setting/Subjects We purposively sampled mothers with children (<10 years old) who were recent immigrants/refugees from Central America and lived in a 'food swamp' neighbourhood. We used the photovoice approach to elicit textual data from thirty in-depth interviews, a participatory workshop, and visual data from photographs...
May 18, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499771/the-key-role-of-the-meat-industry-in-transformation-to-a-low-carbon-climate-resilient-sustainable-economy
#14
Frank Rijsberman
Climate change, air pollution and refugees have become key global challenges threatening sustainability of lifestyles, economies and ecosystems. Agri-food systems are the number one driver of environmental change. Livestock production is the world's largest land user, responsible for half of greenhouse gas emissions from agri-food systems, and the source of repeated health crises. Poor diets have become the number one cause of ill health. Recommendations for a healthy diet emphasize plant-based food. Rapidly falling costs in information technology, biotechnology, renewable energy and battery technology will disrupt current energy and transportation systems and offer opportunities for responsible meat production...
April 26, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498581/the-contemporary-refugee-crisis-an-overview-of-mental-health-challenges
#15
Derrick Silove, Peter Ventevogel, Susan Rees
There has been an unprecedented upsurge in the number of refugees worldwide, the majority being located in low-income countries with limited resources in mental health care. This paper considers contemporary issues in the refugee mental health field, including developments in research, conceptual models, social and psychological interventions, and policy. Prevalence data yielded by cross-sectional epidemiological studies do not allow a clear distinction to be made between situational forms of distress and frank mental disorder, a shortcoming that may be addressed by longitudinal studies...
June 2017: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494818/is-there-echinococcosis-in-west-africa-a-refugee-from-niger-with-a-liver-cyst
#16
Andrea Angheben, Mara Mariconti, Monica Degani, Maria Gobbo, Loredana Palvarini, Federico Gobbi, Enrico Brunetti, Francesca Tamarozzi
BACKGROUND: Italy is presently facing an increase in immigration from sub-Saharan Africa through the Mediterranean Sea. Case reports of human cystic echinococcosis (CE) have been reported from most sub-Saharan countries. Therefore, an increase in the number of patients with CE coming from these areas in the Italian and European centers for infectious diseases is expected. Unfortunately, the epidemiology of CE in sub-Saharan countries is poorly known, which makes clinical suspicion and diagnosis of such infection difficult in patients coming from these areas...
May 11, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492419/seroprevalence-of-antibodies-and-antigens-against-hepatitis-a-e-viruses-in-refugees-and-asylum-seekers-in-germany-in-2015
#17
Alexandra Jablonka, Philipp Solbach, Michael Wöbse, Michael P Manns, Reinhold E Schmidt, Heiner Wedemeyer, Markus Cornberg, Georg M N Behrens, Svenja Hardtke
BACKGROUND: Migration because of miscellaneous political crises in countries in the Middle East and Africa is a global challenge for whole Europe from an economic, social, and public health view. There is an urgent need to generate comprehensive, evidence-based data to expedite further screening and vaccination strategies. METHODS: A total of 604 individuals ranging in age from 2 to 68 years who enrolled at a single reception center were tested for the prevalence of serologic markers for hepatitis virus types A, B, C, D, and E (HAV, HBV, HCV, HDV, HEV), respectively...
May 10, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490426/health-care-needs-and-use-of-health-care-services-among-newly-arrived-syrian-refugees-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Anna Oda, Andrew Tuck, Branka Agic, Michaela Hynie, Brenda Roche, Kwame McKenzie
BACKGROUND: Canada welcomed 33 723 Syrian refugees between November 2015 and November 2016. This paper reports the results of a rapid assessment of health care needs and use of health care services among newly arrived Syrian refugees in Toronto. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Toronto among Syrian refugees aged 18 years or more who had been in Canada for 12 months or less. Participants were recruited initially through distribution of flyers in hotels and through direct referrals and communication with community and settlement agency partners, and then through snowball sampling...
May 3, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488289/adversity-and-resilience-amongst-resettling-western-australian-paediatric-refugees
#19
Gemma Hanes, Lydia Sung, Raewyn Mutch, Sarah Cherian
AIM: Cumulative adverse childhood experiences have long-term consequences and may manifest within and influence health, educational and psychosocial domains. The Princess Margaret Hospital Refugee Health Service (RHS) undertakes multidisciplinary screening of refugee children <16 years, allowing standardised identification of negative childhood experiences. Addition of the extended Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) in 2014 aimed to augment psychological assessment of this cohort...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487305/a-rohingya-refugee-s-journey-in-australia-and-the-barriers-to-accessing-healthcare
#20
Manasi Jiwrajka, Ahmad Mahmoud, Maneeta Uppal
Australia's processing of some asylum seekers on offshore detention centres has recently been brought to light by human rights organisation. While the internal politics of resettling refugees may be complex, Australia remains in the top five countries for resettlement per capita. However, these refugees remain a vulnerable patient population after immigrating. Refugee women, an understudied group, in particular experience higher adverse health outcomes.In this case report, we follow the medical journey of KB, a 38-year-old Rohingya refugee diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus-the crux of all her health issues...
May 9, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
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