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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805672/challenges-in-estimating-vaccine-coverage-in-refugee-and-displaced-populations-results-from-household-surveys-in-jordan-and-lebanon
#1
Timothy Roberton, William Weiss, Shannon Doocy
Ensuring the sustained immunization of displaced persons is a key objective in humanitarian emergencies. Typically, humanitarian actors measure coverage of single vaccines following an immunization campaign; few measure routine coverage of all vaccines. We undertook household surveys of Syrian refugees in Jordan and Lebanon, outside of camps, using a mix of random and respondent-driven sampling, to measure coverage of all vaccinations included in the host country's vaccine schedule. We analyzed the results with a critical eye to data limitations and implications for similar studies...
August 12, 2017: Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802753/challenges-in-immunisation-service-delivery-for-refugees-in-australia-a-health-system-perspective
#2
A Mahimbo, H Seale, M Smith, A Heywood
BACKGROUND: Refugees are at risk of being under-immunised in their countries of origin, in transit and post-resettlement in Australia. Whilst studies have focused on identifying barriers to accessibility of health services among refugees, few focus on providers' perspectives on immunisation service delivery to this group. Health service providers are well placed to provide insights into the pragmatic challenges associated with refugee health service delivery, which can be useful in identifying strategies aimed at improving immunisation coverage among this group...
August 9, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800810/international-emergency-psychiatry-challenges-disaster-medicine-war-human-trafficking-displaced-persons
#3
REVIEW
Michael Jaung, Suni Jani, Sophia Banu, Joy M Mackey
Mental health disorders are a major cause of morbidity and a growing burden in low-income and middle-income countries; but there is little existing literature on the detailed epidemiology, diagnosis, and treatment in low-resource settings. Special situations with vulnerable populations, such as those created by international humanitarian emergencies, refugees or internally displaced people, and victims of human trafficking, are increasing in prevalence. These victims are often resettled in developed countries and come to the emergency department seeking care...
September 2017: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799850/a-qualitative-study-exploring-factors-associated-with-pap-test-use-among-north-korean-refugees
#4
Kyounghae Kim, Soohyun Kim, Yoonkyung Chung
Lack of medical care in North Korea and vulnerability to human trafficking during their migration increase risks of cervical cancer among North Korean refugees. To better understand factors influencing Pap test use, we conducted a qualitative study of 8 North Korean refugees in South Korea. Individual barriers were limited knowledge, lack of perceived need for preventive services, and concerns about costs. Environmental facilitators included having female providers, receiving family support, and free screenings...
August 11, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795921/health-at-the-borders-bayesian-multilevel-analysis-of-women-s-malnutrition-determinants-in-ethiopia
#5
Tefera Darge Delbiso, Jose Manuel Rodriguez-Llanes, Chiara Altare, Bruno Masquelier, Debarati Guha-Sapir
Background Women's malnutrition, particularly undernutrition, remains an important public health challenge in Ethiopia. Although various studies examined the levels and determinants of women's nutritional status, the influence of living close to an international border on women's nutrition has not been investigated. Yet, Ethiopian borders are regularly affected by conflict and refugee flows, which might ultimately impact health. Objective To investigate the impact of living close to borders in the nutritional status of women in Ethiopia, while considering other important covariates...
December 2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791243/an-overview-of-the-health-status-of-syrian-refugee-children-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-turkey
#6
Ibrahim Hakan Bucak, Habip Almis, Samet Benli, Mehmet Turgut
OBJECTIVE: Migration is a problem affecting all family members, but particularly children. Child refugees are the highest risk group for the health systems of receiving countries. We investigated the health of 104 Syrian child refugees presenting to a tertiary hospital in Turkey. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A retrospective study was conducted in the pediatric clinic. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical files of Syrian refugee children (0-18 years) presenting to Adiyaman University Hospital, Pediatric Clinic between 01 and 30 November 2015, were investigated...
July 2017: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790044/access-3-project-protocol-young-people-and-health-system-navigation-in-the-digital-age-a-multifaceted-mixed-methods-study
#7
Melissa Kang, Fiona Robards, Lena Sanci, Katharine Steinbeck, Stephen Jan, Catherine Hawke, Marlene Kong, Tim Usherwood
BACKGROUND: The integration of digital technology into everyday lives of young people has become widespread. It is not known whether and how technology influences barriers and facilitators to healthcare, and whether and how young people navigate between face-to-face and virtual healthcare. To provide new knowledge essential to policy and practice, we designed a study that would explore health system access and navigation in the digital age. The study objectives are to: (1) describe experiences of young people accessing and navigating the health system in New South Wales (NSW), Australia; (2) identify barriers and facilitators to healthcare for young people and how these vary between groups; (3) describe health system inefficiencies, particularly for young people who are marginalised; (4) provide policy-relevant knowledge translation of the research data...
August 7, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789620/hospital-admissions-due-to-alcohol-related-disorders-among-young-adult-refugees-who-arrived-in-sweden-as-teenagers-a-national-cohort-study
#8
Hélio Manhica, Karl Gauffin, Ylva B Almquist, Mikael Rostila, Lisa Berg, Ainhoa Rodríguez García de Cortázar, Anders Hjern
BACKGROUND: Psychological distress and lack of family support may explain the mental health problems that are consistently found in young unaccompanied refugees in Western countries. Given the strong relationship between poor mental health and alcohol misuse, this study investigated hospital admissions due to alcohol related disorders among accompanied and unaccompanied young refugees who settled in Sweden as teenagers. METHODS: The dataset used in this study was derived from a combination of different registers...
August 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780549/challenges-and-facilitators-for-health-professionals-providing-primary-healthcare-for-refugees-and-asylum-seekers-in-high-income-countries-a-systematic-review-and-thematic-synthesis-of-qualitative-research
#9
Luke Robertshaw, Surindar Dhesi, Laura L Jones
OBJECTIVES: To thematically synthesise primary qualitative studies that explore challenges and facilitators for health professionals providing primary healthcare for refugees and asylum seekers in high-income countries. DESIGN: Systematic review and qualitative thematic synthesis. METHODS: Searches of MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL and Web of Science. Search terms were combined for qualitative research, primary healthcare professionals, refugees and asylum seekers, and were supplemented by searches of reference lists and citations...
August 4, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765777/changes-in-body-weight-and-food-security-of-adult-north-korean-refugees-living-in-south-korea
#10
HaYoung Jeong, Soo-Kyung Lee, Sin-Gon Kim
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Relocation to new environments can have a negative impact on health by altering body weight and dietary patterns. This study attempted to elucidate changes in body weight, food security, and their current food and nutrient consumption in adult North Korean refugees (NKR) living in South Korea (SK). SUBJECTS/METHODS: This study analyzed data on 149 adult NKR from a North Korean refugee health in SK cohort at four time points (leaving North Korea, entering SK, first examination, and second examination)...
August 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763568/comorbidity-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-depression-in-tortured-treatment-seeking-refugees
#11
Angela Nickerson, Matthis Schick, Ulrich Schnyder, Richard A Bryant, Naser Morina
Comorbid posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression is common in refugee groups; however, little is known about the predictors and correlates of comorbidity in treatment-seeking refugees. Participants in this study were 134 refugees resettled in Switzerland. Most participants were from Turkey, Iran, and Sri Lanka, and 92.7% had been exposed to torture. Self-report measures were implemented to assess PTSD, depression, mental and physical health-related quality of life (QoL), as well as pre- and postmigration experiences...
August 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762708/refugee-mental-health-a-primary-care-approach
#12
Jeffrey Walden
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 15, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762707/primary-care-for-refugees-challenges-and-opportunities
#13
REVIEW
Ranit Mishori, Shoshana Aleinikoff, Dawn Davis
Since 1975, more than 3 million refugees have settled in the United States, fleeing unrest, conflict, and persecution. Refugees represent diverse ethnic, cultural, religious, socioeconomic, and educational backgrounds. Despite this heterogeneity, there are commonalities in the refugee experience. Before resettlement, all refugees must undergo an overseas medical screening to detect conditions that pose a potential health threat in the United States. On arrival, they should undergo an examination to detect diseases with high prevalence in their country of origin or departure...
July 15, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757595/early-marriage-and-barriers-to-contraception-among-syrian-refugee-women-in-lebanon-a-qualitative-study
#14
Zeinab Cherri, Julita Gil Cuesta, Jose M Rodriguez-Llanes, Debarati Guha-Sapir
The Syrian conflict has displaced five million individuals outside their country with Lebanon hosting the largest numbers per capita. Around 24% of Syrian refugees fleeing to Lebanon are women of reproductive age (15-49). Yet, a better understanding of the sexual and reproductive health needs of Syrian refugee women in Lebanon is required to improve provided services. Eleven focus group discussions were conducted in four regions of Lebanon with 108 Syrian refugee women of reproductive age. Thematic analysis was used to examine the data...
July 25, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756817/an-integrated-healthcare-service-for-asylum-seekers-and-refugees-in-the-south-eastern-region-of-melbourne-monash-health-refugee-health-and-wellbeing
#15
Jacquie McBride, Andrew Block, Alana Russo
Asylum seekers and refugees generally have poorer health than the broader Australian population. However, these groups experience a range of barriers to accessing universal health services. Generalist and specialist refugee health services have been established in Australia to improve the health of humanitarian migrant groups. This article describes a refugee health service established in a high-settlement region of Melbourne, Australia, and explores clients' experiences with the service. Client feedback was captured through interviews (n=18) and surveys (n=159)...
July 31, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750959/bodily-symptoms-in-patients-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-a-comparative-study-of-traumatized-refugees-danish-war-veterans-and-healthy-controls
#16
Lene Nyboe, Anette Bentholm, Amanda Lundvik Gyllensten
BACKGROUND: Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with increased general health symptoms and patients suffer from numerous bodily complaints such as increased pain, increased muscular tension, and restricted breathing. METHODS AND MATERIAL: This study applied the Body Awareness Movement Quality and Experience scale (BAS MQ-E) in assessing and comparing bodily symptoms, including movement function, in traumatized refugees (N = 14) and Danish war veterans with PTSD (N = 19) and healthy controls (N = 20)...
July 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743067/-we-must-cooperate-with-one-another-against-the-enemy-agency-and-activism-in-school-aged-children-as-protective-factors-against-ongoing-war-trauma-and-political-violence-in-the-gaza-strip
#17
Guido Veronese, Alessandro Pepe, Alaa Jaradah, Feda Murannak, Housam Hamdouna
This exploratory qualitative study investigated self-perceived risk and protection factors that may reinforce the ability of children living in refugee camps on the Gaza Strip to adjust to a traumatic and risky life context characterized by loss and dispossession. The sample comprised 200 Palestinian children recruited at primary schools in four refugee camps in the Gaza Strip following the Israeli military operation "Pillar of Defence" in 2012. Thematic content analysis was applied to written materials and narratives produced by the children...
July 22, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739838/unravelling-migrants-health-paradoxes-a-transdisciplinary-research-agenda
#18
REVIEW
Maria Roura
The Social Determinants of Health literature has consistently found that a higher socioeconomic status is associated with better health outcomes even after adjusting for traditional risk factors. However, research findings in the field of Migrants' Health suggest that the socioeconomic/health gradient does not always behave as expected for migrants and their descendants. The mismatch of findings in these two long-standing parallel research traditions is exemplified by frequent reports of paradoxical findings in the scientific literature: the healthy migrant paradox, the ethnic density paradox and the diminishing returns paradox...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738869/maternal-depression-in-syrian-refugee-women-recently-moved-to-canada-a-preliminary-study
#19
Asma Ahmed, Angela Bowen, Cindy Xin Feng
BACKGROUND: Refugee women are almost five times more likely to develop postpartum depression than Canadian-born women. This can be attributed to various difficulties they faced before coming to Canada as well as during resettlement. Moreover, refugee women usually face many obstacles when accessing health services, including language and cultural barriers, as well as unique help-seeking behaviors that are influenced by various cultural and practical factors. There has been a recent, rapid influx of Syrian refugees to Canada, and many of them are childbearing women...
July 24, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737978/risk-of-violence-among-patients-in-psychiatric-treatment-results-from-a-national-census
#20
Solveig Osborg Ose, Solfrid Lilleeng, Ivar Pettersen, Torleif Ruud, Jaap van Weeghel
BACKGROUND: Adverse media coverage of isolated incidents affects the public perception of the risk of violent behavior among people with mental illness. However, the risk of violence is studied most frequently among inpatients, which falsely exaggerates the prevalence of people with mental illness because the majority of individuals receive treatment as outpatients. AIM: To estimate the prevalence of the risk of violence among inpatients and outpatients in psychiatric treatment, as well as the associations with gender, age, socio-economic status and co-morbid substance use disorders in all major diagnostic categories...
July 24, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
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