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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134922/exploring-the-relationship-between-postmigratory-stressors-and-mental-health-for-asylum-seekers-and-refused-asylum-seekers-in-the-uk
#1
Gareth Morgan, Steve Melluish, Alice Welham
Numerous studies have linked the high rates of traumatic events experienced by refugees to the elevated rate of mental health problems in these populations. A growing body of evidence has also highlighted the importance of considering postmigratory stressors when making sense of displaced person distress. This study explored the relationship between mental health and postmigratory stress for asylum seekers and refused asylum seekers in Britain. The study further examined if those refused asylum experienced elevated distress and postmigratory stress compared to those awaiting the outcome of asylum applications...
January 1, 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126342/-tuberculosis-among-refugees-and-asylum-seekers-tuberculosis-screening-on-arrival-and-case-management
#2
Martin Priwitzer
The statement of the Federal Association of Physicians of Public Health Services provides recommendations concerning tuberculosis screening of refugees and asylum seekers on arrival specific to different groups of persons (adults, children, pregnant women, unaccompanied minors), taking into account the legal background and the current recommendations of the Robert Koch Institute as well as of the German Society for Pediatric Infectiology. In addition, recommendations are given to ensure treatment success in refugees and asylum seekers with tuberculosis, to carry out contact investigations and for preventive treatment of latent tuberculosis infection among refugees and asylum seekers...
November 10, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124447/psychiatric-screening-and-interventions-for-minor-refugees-in-europe-an-overview-of-approaches-and-tools
#3
Annerieke Horlings, Irma Hein
Currently hundreds of thousands of minor refugees entered Europe. This group has been exposed to traumatic events pre-, during, and post-migration and is at increased risk of developing psychiatric disorders. In this article, we describe the results of our literature search on screening and interventions for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in minor refugees, in order to make recommendations for clinical practice. Results show that studies on diagnostic accuracy of assessment instruments and efficacy of mental healthcare interventions in this population are lacking...
November 10, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122044/psychological-and-psychosocial-interventions-for-refugee-children-resettled-in-high-income-countries
#4
M Fazel
Large numbers of refugee children are arriving in high-income countries. The evidence to date suggests that they have mental health needs that are higher than for the general population and that these are exacerbated by the numbers of traumatic events they have experienced and the post-migration stressors they continue to be exposed to. The importance of a thorough and thoughtful assessment is discussed. Treatments of note are described for post-traumatic stress disorder, family functioning, general mental health problems and school environments...
November 10, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121429/reproductive-health-decision-making-among-u-s-dwelling-somali-bantu-refugee-women-a-qualitative-study
#5
Kafuli Agbemenu, Ellen M Volpe, Ervin Dyer
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore Somali Bantu refugee women's reproductive health decision making, as influenced by their resettlement in the U.S. BACKGROUND: Available literature on reproductive health of refugee women is mostly from the healthcare provider perspective, neglecting the lived experience of the population. DESIGN: Qualitative Descriptive. METHODS: A purposive sample of 30 women was recruited for five focus groups...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121218/the-syrian-vulnerable-person-resettlement-programme-evaluation-of-edinburgh-s-reception-arrangements
#6
Katherine E A Weir, Sheila J Wilson, Dermot R Gorman
Background: During 2015 and 2016 a group of Syrian refugees were resettled in Edinburgh, Scotland under the United Kingdom Government Syrian Vulnerable Person Resettlement Programme. We evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of the settling in arrangements for these refugees. Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with five Arabic interpreters who had worked extensively with these refugees. Interviews sought their impressions about what went well or was not successful...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120318/impacts-of-the-interim-federal-health-program-reforms-a-stakeholder-analysis-of-barriers-to-health-care-access-and-provision-for-refugees
#7
Valentina Antonipillai, Andrea Baumann, Andrea Hunter, Olive Wahoush, Timothy O'Shea
BACKGROUND: Changes to the Interim Federal Health Program (IFHP) in 2012 reduced health care access for refugees and refugee claimants, generating concerns among key stakeholders. In 2014, a new IFHP temporarily reinstated access to some health services; however, little is known about these changes, and more information is needed to map the IFHP's impact. OBJECTIVE: This study explores barriers occurring during the time period of the IFHP reforms to health care access and provision for refugees...
November 9, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120295/perspectives-of-displaced-syrian-women-and-service-providers-on-fertility-behaviour-and-available-services-in-west-bekaa-lebanon
#8
Tamar Kabakian-Khasholian, Rima Mourtada, Hyam Bashour, Faysal El Kak, Huda Zurayk
Prior to the conflict, Syria had relatively high fertility rates. In 2010, it had the sixth highest total fertility rate in the Arab World, but it witnessed a fertility decline before the conflict in 2011. Displacement during conflict influences fertility behaviour, and meeting the contraceptive needs of displaced populations is complex. This study explored the perspectives of women and service providers about fertility behaviour of and service provision to Syrian refugee women in Bekaa, Lebanon. We used qualitative methodology to conduct 12 focus group discussions with Syrian refugee women grouped in different age categories and 13 in-depth interviews with care providers from the same region...
October 2017: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120291/how-they-see-it-young-women-s-views-on-early-marriage-in-a-post-conflict-setting
#9
Sonya Em Knox
Current understandings of early marriage in conflict and post-conflict settings are incomplete and under-researched, and do not sufficiently take into consideration the views and experiences of adolescent girls. While much of the literature, development reports and mainstream media emphasise the poverty, health risks and lack of agency of young women married early, they seldom provide these teenagers an open platform from which to speak. In 2007, a Palestinian refugee camp in North Lebanon was destroyed and its residents forced to flee...
October 2017: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119085/pediatric-care-during-a-short-term-medical-mission-to-a-syrian-refugee-camp-in-northern-jordan
#10
Kenneth L Abbott, Catherine A Woods, Dahlia A Halim, Henna A Qureshi
Introduction: The Syrian refugee crisis, now in its 6(th) year, has displaced millions. Refugees depend on support from host nation governments and humanitarian organizations like the Syrian American Medical Society (SAMS). We describe the delivery of pediatric care during a SAMS short-term medical mission to a refugee camp in Northern Jordan. Methods: The medical mission team encompassed dozens of specialties. Teams visited many sites, including the Zaatari refugee camp near the Syrian border...
October 2017: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118849/examining-the-need-potential-for-biomedical-engineering-to-strengthen-health-care-delivery-for-displaced-populations-victims-of-conflict
#11
Devika Nadkarni, Imad Elhajj, Zaher Dawy, Hala Ghattas, Muhammad H Zaman
Conflict and the subsequent displacement of populations creates unique challenges in the delivery of quality health care to the affected population. Equitable access to quality care demands a multi-pronged strategy with a growing need, and role, for technological innovation to address these challenges. While there have been significant contributions towards alleviating the burden of conflict via data informatics and analytics, communication technology, and geographic information systems, little has been done within biomedical engineering...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118203/condom-use-behaviour-among-people-living-with-hiv-a-seven-country-community-based-participatory-research-in-the-asia-pacific-region
#12
Keshab Deuba, Verena Kohlbrenner, Sushil Koirala, Anna Mia Ekström
OBJECTIVES: We examined the prevalence of inconsistent condom use and its correlates among people living with HIV (PLHIV) in the Asia-Pacific region. METHODS: Between 1 October 2012 and 31 May 2013, a total of 7843 PLHIV aged 18-50 years were recruited using targeted and venue-based sampling in Bangladesh, Indonesia, Lao People's Democratic Republic (PDR), Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines and Vietnam. Logistic regression was used to explore the association between condom use behaviour and demographics, social support, stigma and discrimination and various health-related variables...
November 8, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107937/avoidance-in-posttraumatic-stress-among-refugee-survivors-of-violent-conflict-and-atrocities-testing-trans-cultural-risk-processes-and-candidate-intervention-targets
#13
Kim Yuval, Amit Bernstein
BACKGROUND: A fast-growing population of refugees and survivors of violent conflict and atrocities are at risk for trauma-related mental health problems. Experimental clinical research key to the development of interventions tailored to this population is limited. AIMS: In an experimental psychopathology laboratory paradigm, we tested the expression and function of avoidance in posttraumatic stress (PTS) among a highly traumatized community sample of forcibly displaced refugees seeking asylum...
October 21, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106352/the-oral-health-of-preschool-children-of-refugee-and-immigrant-families-in-manitoba
#14
Mohamed El Azrak, Alice Huang, Khalida Hai-Santiago, Mary F Bertone, Daniella DeMaré, Robert J Schroth
INTRODUCTION: Children of newcomers to Canada have been identified as at moderately high risk for developing early childhood caries (ECC). The purpose of this study was to investigate the oral health of preschool children of refugee and immigrant families in Winnipeg. METHODS: Children < 72 months of age and their parent or primary caregiver were recruited through several newcomer settlement agencies, dental clinics and community programs. Parents and caregivers completed a short questionnaire with the assistance of a research team member...
January 2017: Journal—Canadian Dental Association, Journal de L'Association Dentaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104237/promoting-mental-health-in-unaccompanied-refugee-minors-recommendations-for-primary-support-programs
#15
Usama El-Awad, Atefeh Fathi, Franz Petermann, Tilman Reinelt
During the last years, the number of refugees around the world increased to about 22.5 million. The mental health of refugees, especially of unaccompanied minors (70% between the ages of 16 and 18 years) who have been exposed to traumatic events (e.g., war), is generally impaired with symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, and anxiety. Several studies revealed (1) a huge variation among the prevalence rates of these mental problems, and (2) that post-migration stressors (e.g., language barriers, cultural differences) might be at least as detrimental to mental health as the traumatic events in pre- and peri-flight...
November 1, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100134/the-impact-of-trauma-exposure-characteristics-on-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-psychiatric-co-morbidity-among-syrian-refugees
#16
Man Cheung Chung, Nowf AlQarni, Mariam AlMazrouei, Shamsa Al Muhairi, Mudar Shakra, Britt Mitchell, Sara Al Mazrouei, Shurooq Al Hashimi
This study investigated the impact of trauma exposure characteristics on post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and psychiatric co-morbidity among Syrian refugees. One thousand one hundred and ninety-seven refugees residing in Turkey and Sweden participated in the research. They completed the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire and the General Health Questionnaire-28. Forty-three percent of refugees met the cutoff for PTSD. After adjusting for location of residence, witnessing horror and exposure to life threat and assault were significantly correlated with PTSD and psychiatric co-morbidity respectively...
October 25, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081242/assessing-the-special-need-for-protection-of-vulnerable-refugees-testing-the-applicability-of-a-screening-method-rhs-15-to-detect-traumatic-disorders-in-a-refugee-sample-in-germany
#17
Markus Stingl, Michael Knipper, Björge Hetzger, Jessica Richards, Bülent Yazgan, Bernd Gallhofer, Bernd Hanewald
OBJECTIVES: Although EU member states are obligated to take special account of the situation of particularly vulnerable refugees, appropriate and specific measures to detect affected asylum seekers are not yet available. This study tries to pave the way for the implementation of an adequate instrument which at the same time assesses these needs of suffering people whilst responding to the need for mental health assessments specifically designed for refugees. This was done by testing the implementation of a screening method (Refugee Health Screener RHS-15) for trauma related mental health problems in refugees...
October 29, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080108/prevalence-rates-of-six-selected-infectious-diseases-among-african-migrants-and-refugees-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
A Chernet, J Utzinger, V Sydow, N Probst-Hensch, D H Paris, N D Labhardt, A Neumayr
The objective of this paper was to systematically review the literature on the prevalence of selected infectious diseases among migrants/refugees of African origin and to provide policy makers and health care professionals with evidence-based information. We pursued a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine the prevalence of six selected infectious diseases (i.e., syphilis, helminthiasis, schistosomiasis, intestinal protozoa infections, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C) among migrants/refugees of African origin...
October 28, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072863/timeliness-of-receipt-of-early-childhood-vaccinations-among-children-of-immigrants-minnesota-2016
#19
Maureen Leeds, Miriam Halstead Muscoplat
Receiving recommended childhood vaccinations on schedule is the best way to prevent the occurrence and spread of vaccine-preventable diseases (1). Vaccination coverage among children aged 19-35 months in the United States exceeds 90% for most recommended vaccines in the early childhood series (2); however, previous studies have found that few children receive all recommended vaccine doses on time (3). The Minnesota Department of Health (MDH), using information from the Minnesota Immunization Information Connection (MIIC) and the MDH Office of Vital Records, examined early childhood immunization rates and found that children with at least one foreign-born parent were less likely to be up-to-date on recommended immunizations at ages 2, 6, 18, and 36 months than were children with two U...
October 27, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072182/social-challenges-of-contemporary-psychiatry
#20
N Bouras
Psychiatry and society are interrelated and the biopsychosocial model continues to dominate the clinical psychiatric practice. Some doubts have been expressed in recent years about the value and the wide acceptance of the biopsychosocial model. Ghaemi (2009)1 considers it to be anti-humanistic and advocates the use of less eclectic, less generic, and less vague alternatives. The fundamental changes that have been witnessed in our times across the spectrum of biology, psychology and sociology have made necessary that a conceptual clarity should prevail...
July 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
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