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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779299/health-issues-of-refugees-attending-an-infectious-disease-refugee-health-clinic-in-a-regional-australian-hospital
#1
Peta J Masters, Penelope J Lanfranco, Emmy Sneath, Amanda J Wade, Sarah Huffam, James Pollard, James Standish, Kate McCloskey, Eugene Athan, Daniel P O'Brien, N Deborah Friedman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Refugees in Australia present with conditions different to those of the general population. The aim of this study was to review the reasons for referral, prevalence of conditions and treatment outcomes for refugee patients attending a specialist referral clinic in regional Victoria. METHOD: A retrospective review was undertaken of patients attending the refugee health clinic at University Hospital Geelong from January 2007 to December 2012...
May 2018: Australian journal of general practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779012/adaptive-frameworks-of-chronic-pain-daily-remakings-of-pain-and-care-at-a-somali-refugee-women-s-health-centre
#2
Kari Campeau
Pain is an intensely subjective experience and one that is difficult for healthcare professionals to treat. Chronic pain, often diffuse, cyclical and involving many systems of the body, is often not well treated in a medical system that relies on discrete symptoms, identifiable causes, external pathogens and physician specialisation. Pain has its own problems specific to Somali diaspora populations, where chronic pain is prevalent but often undertreated, and where Somali patients face barriers of access to medicine...
May 19, 2018: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778969/social-support-under-siege-an-analysis-of-forced-migration-among-women-from-the-democratic-republic-of-congo
#3
Karin Wachter, Lauren E Gulbas
In 2016, researchers conducted a qualitative study in a mid-sized town in the United States to address gaps in research and practice related to psychosocial consequences of forced migration among women. The loss of social support and its impacts on the well-being of women are rarely addressed in refugee resettlement policy or practice overwhelmingly concerned with economic self-sufficiency. The study sought to develop theory to explain how women (n = 27) who migrated from the Democratic Republic of the Congo recreate social support post-resettlement in the United States...
May 3, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778396/how-effective-are-approaches-to-migrant-screening-for-infectious-diseases-in-europe-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Farah Seedat, Sally Hargreaves, Laura B Nellums, Jing Ouyang, Michael Brown, Jon S Friedland
Rates of migration to Europe, and within Europe, have increased in recent years, with considerable implications for health systems. Migrants in Europe face a disproportionate burden of tuberculosis, HIV, and hepatitis B and C, yet experience a large number of barriers to accessing statutory health care on arrival. A better understanding of how to deliver effective and cost-effective screening, vaccination, and health services to this group is now crucial. We did a systematic review to document and assess the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of approaches used for infectious diseases screening, and to explore facilitators and barriers experienced by migrants to accessing screening programmes...
May 16, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773075/does-multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-of-tortured-refugees-represent-value-for-money-a-follow-up-of-a-danish-case-study
#5
Line Bager, Kristian Schultz Hansen, Carit Jacques Andersen, Shr-Jie Sharlenna Wang
BACKGROUND: The recent surge of asylum seekers in the European Union (EU) is raising questions about the EU's ability to integrate newcomers into the economy and into society; particularly those who need specialized services for the treatment of severe trauma. This study investigated whether rehabilitating traumatised refugees represents 'value-for-money' (VfM) in terms of intervention cost per health gain and in a long-term and societal perspective. METHODS: The economic evaluation comprised a cost-utility analysis (CUA) and a partial cost-benefit analysis (CBA)...
May 18, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772813/the-rights-of-children-on-the-move-and-the-budapest-declaration
#6
Charles Oberg
It has been estimated that more than 50,000,000 children and youth have migrated across borders or been forcibly displaced within their own country. They consist of refugees, asylum seekers, internally displaced persons (IDP), economic migrants, and exploited trafficked children. They are virtually "stateless", children deprived of the protective structures of state and family that they need and deserve and unrecognized by either their country of origin or the international community. This opinion piece starts with the personal reflections of its author on his recent work in Middle East refugee camps...
May 17, 2018: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771613/determinants-of-mental-disorders-in-syrian-refugees-in-turkey-versus-internally-displaced-persons-in-syria
#7
Sidika Tekeli-Yesil, Esra Isik, Yesim Unal, Fuad Aljomaa Almossa, Hande Konsuk Unlu, Ahmet Tamer Aker
OBJECTIVES: To compare frequencies of some mental health disorders between Syrian refugees living in Turkey and internally displaced persons in Syria, and to identify factors associated with posttraumatic stress disorder and major depressive disorder. METHODS: We carried out a field survey in May 2017 among 540 internally displaced persons in Syria and refugees in Turkey. RESULTS: The study revealed that mental disorders were highly prevalent in both populations...
May 17, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770056/hiv-in-canada-surveillance-report-2016
#8
A C Bourgeois, M Edmunds, A Awan, L Jonah, O Varsaneux, W Siu
Background: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) continues to be a global public health concern, with 2.1 million people newly infected in 2015. Although many high-income countries have noted decreasing rates of HIV, between 2013 and 2015 Canada's rates had stabilized at 5.8 per 100,000 population. Objective: To provide a descriptive overview of reported cases of HIV in Canada up until 2016 by geographic location, sex, age group, exposure category and race/ethnicity, with a focus on the most recent data...
December 7, 2017: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769017/a-cross-sectional-investigation-of-the-health-needs-of-asylum-seekers-in-a-refugee-clinic-in-germany
#9
Laura F Goodman, Guy W Jensen, Joseph M Galante, Diana L Farmer, Stephanie Taché
BACKGROUND: Over one million asylum seekers were registered in Germany in 2016, most from Syria and Afghanistan. The Refugee Convention guarantees access to healthcare, however delivery mechanisms remain heterogeneous. There is an urgent need for more data describing the health conditions of asylum seekers to guide best practices for healthcare delivery. In this study, we describe the state of health of asylum seekers presenting to a multi-specialty primary care refugee clinic. METHODS: Demographic and medical diagnosis data were extracted from the electronic medical records of patients seen at the ambulatory refugee clinic in Dresden, Germany between 15 September 2015 and 31 December 2016...
May 16, 2018: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767402/connecting-refugees-to-medical-homes-through-multi-sector-collaboration
#10
Lemaat Michael, Alexandra K Brady, Greg Russell, Scott D Rhodes, Shahla Namak, Laura Cody, Andrea Vasquez, Andrea Caldwell, Jennifer Foy, Julie M Linton
As increasing numbers of refugees have resettled globally, an interdisciplinary group of stakeholders in Forsyth, North Carolina, recognized obstacles preventing coordinated medical care, which inspired the development of our Refugee Health Collaborative. This study assessed the Collaborative's impact on access to coordinated care within patient-centered medical homes (PCMH). A Collaborative-developed novel algorithm guided the process by which refugees establish care in PCMHs. All refugees who established medical care in the two primary health systems in our county (n = 285) were included...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764821/atopic-dermatitis-complicated-by-severe-impetigo-in-a-syrian-refugee-infant
#11
Peter Green, Elizabeth Munn
We present the case of a 3-month-old infant with atopic dermatitis who developed severe impetigo. The child was born to Syrian refugees shortly after they arrived in Canada. The case demonstrates the rapid and nearly complete resolution of dramatic skin findings after a course of hydrocortisone ointment and oral antibiotics with adjuvant measures. For resettled refugees, access to family physicians and local language proficiency are common barriers that negatively impact their health and healthcare. We discuss some aspects of how the healthcare model in one Canadian city addresses these issues in the context of this case...
May 14, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764495/cancer-mortality-in-serbia-1991-2015-an-age-period-cohort-and-joinpoint-regression-analysis
#12
Milena Ilic, Irena Ilic
BACKGROUND: As the result of dramatic political changes, civil wars, and a long-term refugee crisis from the end of the last to beginning of this century, the population of Serbia has experienced significant health problems. The aim of this study was to assess cancer mortality trends in Serbia. METHODS: This nationwide study was carried out to analyze cancer mortality in Serbia during 1991-2015 using official data. The age-standardized mortality rates (per 100,000) were calculated by direct standardization, using the world standard population by Segi...
April 10, 2018: Cancer communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764456/a-scoping-review-of-reporting-ethical-research-practices-in-research-conducted-among-refugees-and-war-affected-populations-in-the-arab-world
#13
Jihad Makhoul, Rana F Chehab, Zahraa Shaito, Abla M Sibai
BACKGROUND: Ethical research conduct is a cornerstone of research practice particularly when research participants include vulnerable populations. This study mapped the extent of reporting ethical research practices in studies conducted among refugees and war-affected populations in the Arab World, and assessed variations by time, country of study, and study characteristics. METHODS: An electronic search of eight databases resulted in 5668 unique records published between 2000 and 2013...
May 15, 2018: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761353/trends-in-chronic-diseases-reported-by-refugees-originating-from-burma-resettling-to-the-united-states-from-camps-versus-urban-areas-during-2009-2016
#14
Barbara H Bardenheier, Christina R Phares, Diane Simpson, Edward Gregg, Pyone Cho, Stephen Benoit, Nina Marano
We examined changes in the prevalence of chronic health conditions among US-bound refugees originating from Burma resettling over 8 years by the type of living arrangement before resettlement, either in camps (Thailand) or in urban areas (Malaysia). Using data from the required overseas medical exam for 73,251 adult (≥ 18 years) refugees originating from Burma resettling to the United States during 2009-2016, we assessed average annual percent change (AAPC) in proportion ≥ 45 years and age- and sex-standardized prevalence of obesity, diabetes, hypertension, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and musculoskeletal disease, by camps versus urban areas...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757696/a-refugee-patient-with-meningococcal-meningitis-type-b
#15
Aslinur Ozkaya-Parlakay, Saliha Kanik-Yuksek, Belgin Gulhan, Hasan Tezer, Filiz Altay, Nuriye Unal-Sahin
Neisseria meningitidis infection constitutes still a major health problem with significant morbidity and mortality. In this report a 2 year old refugee Turkoman boy admitting with fever and vomitting diagnosed as meningococcal meningitis type B who was cured with intravenous ceftriaxone therapy was presented to emphasize importance of implementing new strategies for health care of refugees.
May 14, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757209/immunization-offer-targeting-migrants-policies-and-practices-in-italy
#16
Teresa Dalla Zuanna, Martina Del Manso, Cristina Giambi, Flavia Riccardo, Antonino Bella, Maria Grazia Caporali, Maria Grazia Dente, Silvia Declich
The unprecedented flow of migrants over the last three years places Italy in front of new issues regarding medical care from the rescue phase up to the integration into the national health services, including preventive actions. We used online questionnaires to investigate the Italian national and regional policies for immunization offer targeting asylum seekers, refugees, irregular migrants and unaccompanied minors. Another questionnaire was used to assess how these policies are translated into practice in migrant reception centres and community health services...
May 12, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748941/health-risk-behaviours-of-palestinian-youth-findings-from-a-representative-survey
#17
Peter Glick, Umaiyeh Al-Khammash, Mohammed Shaheen, Ryan Brown, Prodyumna Goutam, Rita Karam, Sebastian Linnemayr, Salwa Massad
Background: There is little systematic information about health risk behaviours among youth in Middle Eastern countries, leaving public health authorities unprepared to deal with emerging public health threats at a time of major social change. Aim: The Palestinian Youth Health Risk study investigates patterns of risk behaviours among Palestinian youth, their perceptions of the risks and benefits of such behaviours, and the relationship of exposure to violence with mental health and engagement in risk behaviours...
May 3, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746538/use-of-the-emergency-department-by-refugees-under-the-interim-federal-health-program-a-health-records-review
#18
Francis Bakewell, Sarah Addleman, Garth Dickinson, Venkatesh Thiruganasambandamoorthy
INTRODUCTION: In June 2012, the federal government made cuts to the Interim Federal Health (IFH) Program that reduced or eliminated health insurance for refugee claimants in Canada. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of the cuts on emergency department (ED) use among patients claiming IFH benefits. METHODS: We conducted a health records review at two tertiary care EDs in Ottawa. We reviewed all ED visits where an IFH claim was made at triage, for 18 months before and 18 months after the changes to the program on June 30, 2012 (2011-2013)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743889/oral-health-status-of-syrian-children-in-the-refugee-center-of-melilla-spain
#19
Sabrina Gonçalves Riatto, Javier Montero, David Ribas Pérez, Antonio Castaño-Séiquer, Abraham Dib
Introduction: Little is known about the state of oral health among immigrants from conflict zones, such as the refugee children from the Syrian Civil War. Aim: To determine the oral health status of Syrian immigrant children refugee at the Center for Temporary Stay of Immigrants in Melilla to plan prevention and care programs. Design: Using the criteria set by the World Health Organization, an exploration of the oral cavity of all Syrian children aged 5-13 living at that center was conducted in May 2015...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743084/assessing-reported-cases-of-sexual-and-gender-based-violence-causes-and-preventive-strategies-in-european-asylum-reception-facilities
#20
Charlotte Oliveira, Ines Keygnaert, Maria do Rosário Oliveira Martins, Sónia Dias
BACKGROUND: Sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) is a widespread public health problem and a violation of human rights rooted in gender and power inequities. Refugees, asylum-seekers and migrants living in European asylum reception facilities (EARF) are especially vulnerable to SGBV. To contribute to closing the gap on systematic and accurate evidence on SGBV, we aim to explore reported cases of SGBV, causes and preventable measures described by residents and professionals from EARF...
May 9, 2018: Globalization and Health
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