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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431845/infection-prevention-and-control-and-the-refugee-population-experiences-from-the-university-of-louisville-global-health-center
#1
Ruth M Carrico, Linda Goss, Timothy L Wiemken, Rahel S Bosson, Paula Peyrani, William A Mattingly, Allison Pauly, Rebecca A Ford, Stanley Kotey, Julio A Ramirez
BACKGROUND: During 2016, approximately 140,000 individuals entered the United States as part of the federal government refugee resettlement program and established themselves in communities in virtually every state. No national database regarding refugee health currently exists; therefore, little is known about existing infectious diseases, conditions, and cultural practices that impact successful acculturation. The objective of this report is to identify what is currently known about refugees and circumstances important to infection prevention and control with respect to their roles as new community members, employees, and consumers of health care...
April 18, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430082/a-community-based-survey-on-syrian-refugee-women-s-health-and-its-predictors-in-%C3%A5-anliurfa-turkey
#2
Zeynep Simsek, Nebiye Yentur Doni, Nese Gül Hilali, Gokhan Yildirimkaya
Reproductive characteristics, mental health symptoms, micronutrient deficiencies, and symptoms of sexually transmitted infections (STI) were determined among married Syrian refugee women aged 15-49 years who were living outside of camps in 2015, using probability sampling. Of the 458 participants, 51.3% married before the age of 18 years. Early-age marriages and number of desired children increased after the war. In multivariable analyses, education (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 1.2; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1...
April 21, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426892/-i-am-still-passionate-despite-the-challenges-nurses-navigating-the-care-for-refugees
#3
Olayide Ogunsiji, Harrison Ng Chok, Gladys Mashingaidze, Lesley Wilkes
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to report the challenges faced by the nursing workforce in refugee health. BACKGROUND: Nurses are in the forefront of care provision for refugees who are recognised as one of the most vulnerable population groups in the world. The number of refugees in Australia is increasing and more nurses are needed as care providers. Research on the challenges faced by refugee health nurses is sparse. DESIGN: Qualitative research methodology was used to study the experience of refugee health nurses...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426115/health-problems-of-newly-arrived-migrants-and-refugees-in-europe
#4
Dr Androula Pavli, Dr Helena Maltezou
Background.: The number of migrants and refugees in Europe in the past few years has increased dramatically due to war, violence or prosecutions in their homeland. Migration may affect physical, mental and social health. The objective of this article is to assess migrants and refugees' health problems, and to recommend appropriate interventions. Methods.: A PubMed search of published articles on health problems of newly arrived migrants and refugees was conducted from 2003 through 2016, focusing on the current refugee crisis in Europe...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424748/immigrant-arrival-and-tuberculosis-among-large-immigrant-and-refugee-receiving-countries-2005-2009
#5
Zachary White, John Painter, Paul Douglas, Ibrahim Abubakar, Howard Njoo, Chris Archibald, Jessica Halverson, John Robson, Drew L Posey
Objective. Tuberculosis control in foreign-born populations is a major public health concern for Australia, Canada, New Zealand, United Kingdom, and the United States, large immigrant- and refugee-receiving countries that comprise the Immigration and Refugee Health Working Group (IRHWG). Identifying and comparing immigration and distribution of foreign-born tuberculosis cases are important for developing targeted and collaborative interventions. Methods. Data stratified by year and country of birth from 2005 to 2009 were received from these five countries...
2017: Tuberculosis Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419820/community-acquired-infections-among-the-refugees-leading-to-intensive-care-unit-admissions-in-turkey
#6
Mediha Turktan, Oznur Ak, Hakan Erdem, Dilek Ozcengiz, Sally Hargreaves, Safak Kaya, Emre Karakoc, Ozlem Ozkan-Kuscu, Gunay Tuncer-Ertem, Recep Tekin, Handan Birbicer, Gul Durmus, Canan Yilmaz, Funda Kocak, Edmond Puca, Jordi Rello
OBJECTIVES: Data on the impact of refugees on Intensive Care Units (ICUs) are lacking in the literature, in particular for community-acquired (CA) infectious diseases, for which they are known to be at higher risk. We did a descriptive, multicenter study to analyze CA infections among refugee patients requiring ICU admission. METHODS: Inclusion criteria were adult refugee patients admitted to an ICU due to CA infections. Anonymized data were collected between January 1, 2010 and December 30, 2015 across 10 referral centers...
April 11, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418304/meningococci-of-serogroup-x-clonal-complex-181-in-refugee-camps-italy
#7
Paola Stefanelli, Arianna Neri, Paola Vacca, Damiano Picicco, Laura Daprai, Giulia Mainardi, Gian Maria Rossolini, Alessandro Bartoloni, Anna Anselmo, Andrea Ciammaruconi, Antonella Fortunato, Anna Maria Palozzi, Silvia Fillo, Marino Faccini, Sabrina Senatore, Florigio Lista, Cecilia Fazio
Four cases of infection with serogroup X meningococci (MenX) (1 in 2015 and 3 in 2016) occurred in migrants living in refugee camps or reception centers in Italy. All MenX isolates were identified as clonal complex 181. Our report suggests that serogroup X represents an emerging health threat for persons arriving from African countries.
May 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416965/a-crisis-of-protection-and-safe-passage-violence-experienced-by-migrants-refugees-travelling-along-the-western-balkan-corridor-to-northern-europe
#8
Jovana Arsenijević, Erin Schillberg, Aurelie Ponthieu, Lucio Malvisi, Waeil A Elrahman Ahmed, Stefano Argenziano, Federica Zamatto, Simon Burroughs, Natalie Severy, Christophe Hebting, Brice de Vingne, Anthony D Harries, Rony Zachariah
BACKGROUND: Pushed by ongoing conflicts and pulled by the desire for a better life, over one million migrants/refugees transited Balkan countries and arrived in Europe during 2015 and early 2016. To curb this influx, European countries instituted restrictive migration policies often characterized by building of razor-wire border fences and border closures. Among migrants/refugees who received mental health care in Serbia while travelling through Balkan countries to Northern Europe, we assessed the prevalence and patterns of violent events experienced including physical trauma...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412641/the-gap-between-entitlement-and-access-to-healthcare-an-analysis-of-candidacy-in-the-help-seeking-trajectories-of-asylum-seekers-in-montreal
#9
Liana E Chase, Janet Cleveland, Jesse Beatson, Cécile Rousseau
In 2012 the Canadian government made significant cuts to its historically strong federal refugee health coverage plan. While this policy had negligible effects on the level of coverage provided to asylum seekers in Quebec, there is evidence that this group nonetheless experienced reduced healthcare access during the period of polarized national debate that ensued. This study engaged the "candidacy" model of healthcare access to illuminate factors contributing to the observed gap between entitlement and access...
March 21, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410703/frequency-and-outcomes-of-new-patients-with-pulmonary-tuberculosis-in-hatay-province-after-syrian-civil-war
#10
Sibel Doğru, Pınar Döner
OBJECTIVE: It is known that tuberculosis is frequently seen among refugees. Hatay province is one of the cities that substantially expose to migration of refugees after Syrian civil war. In this study, it was aimed to compare frequency of new pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) cases and treatment success/cure rates between Turkish and Syrian patients. FINDINGS: The study included 211 patients with PTB (178 Turkish and 33 Syrian patients) registered to Hatay Tuberculosis Outpatient Clinic between 2010 and 2013...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406110/effectiveness-of-cross-cultural-education-for-medical-residents-caring-for-burmese-refugees
#11
Megan Song McHenry, Kavitha Nutakki, Nancy L Swigonski
BACKGROUND: Limited resources are available to educate health professionals on cultural considerations and specific healthcare needs of Burmese refugees. The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of a module focused on cross-cultural considerations when caring for Burmese refugees. METHODS: A brief educational module using anonymously tracked pre- and post-intervention, self-administered surveys was developed and studied. The surveys measured pediatric and family medicine residents' knowledge, attitudes, and comfort in caring for Burmese refugees...
September 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405699/-psychosocial-care-of-refugees-in-germany-insights-from-the-emergency-relief-and-development-aid
#12
REVIEW
M Bajbouj, J Alabdullah, S Ahmad, S Schidem, H Zellmann, F Schneider, I Heuser
Approximately 1.2 million refugees have arrived in Germany since autumn 2014. They are often appraised as being a challenge for the German healthcare system because the acute need for healthcare support was large and appeared suddenly while at the same time resources were limited. This situation was previously unknown for a western European healthcare system, whereas it constitutes a typical challenge for nongovernmental organizations that are active in the field of emergency relief and development aid and that have developed a large number of successful intervention concepts...
April 12, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403765/the-australasian-society-for-infectious-diseases-and-refugee-health-network-of-australia-recommendations-for-health-assessment-for-people-from-refugee-like-backgrounds-an-abridged-outline
#13
Nadia J Chaves, Georgia A Paxton, Beverley-Ann Biggs, Aesen Thambiran, Joanne Gardiner, Jan Williams, Mitchell M Smith, Joshua S Davis
In 2009, the Australasian Society of Infectious Diseases published guidelines on the post-arrival health assessment of recently arrived refugees. Since then, the number of refugees and asylum seekers reaching Australia has increased substantially (17 555 refugees in 2015-16) and the countries of origin have changed. These groups are likely to have had poor access to health care pre-arrival and, consequently, are at risk of a range of chronic and infectious diseases. We established an advisory group that included infectious diseases physicians, general practitioners, public health specialists, paediatricians and refugee health nurses to update the 2009 guidelines...
April 17, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403498/-mental-health-services-for-refugees
#14
Elmar Brähler, Yesim Erim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398805/make-refugee-health-care-great-again
#15
Ann M Philbrick, Cherilyn M Wicks, Ila M Harris, Grant M Shaft, James S Van Vooren
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398194/causal-attributions-of-mental-health-problems-and-depressive-symptoms-among-older-somali-refugees-in-finland
#16
Saija Kuittinen, Mulki Mölsä, Raija-Leena Punamäki, Marja Tiilikainen, Marja-Liisa Honkasalo
Causal attributions of mental health problems play a crucial role in shaping and differentiating illness experience in different sociocultural and ethnic groups. The aims of this study were (a) to analyze older Somali refugees' causal attributions of mental health problems; (b) to examine the associations between demographic and diagnostic characteristics, proxy indicators of acculturation, and causal attributions; and (c) to analyze the connections between causal attributions and the manifestation of somatic-affective and cognitive depressive symptoms...
April 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395597/genome-sequencing-and-comparative-analysis-of-an-ndm-1-producing-klebsiella-pneumoniae-st15-isolated-from-a-refugee-patient
#17
Tamara Salloum, Harout Arabaghian, Sahar Alousi, Edmond Abboud, Sima Tokajian
The escalating problem of antibiotic resistance, specifically cabarpenemase and extended-spectrum β-lacatamase (ESBL) producing K. pneumoniae strains, is directly correlated with increased patient morbidity and mortality and prolonged hospitalization and costs. In this study, a comprehensive genomic analysis encompassing the resistomics, virulence repertoire and mobile genetic elements of an NDM-1 positive ESBL-producing K. pneumoniae EA-MEH ST15 isolated from a urine sample collected from a Syrian refugee was conducted...
April 11, 2017: Pathogens and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393649/-resilient-or-risk-group-psychological-burden-at-unaccompanied-refugee-minors-urm-in-germany
#18
Stefan Rücker, Peter Büttner, Birgit Lambertz, Norbert Karpinski, Franz Petermann
Resilient or Risk Group? Psychological Burden at Unaccompanied Refugee Minors (URM) in Germany Unaccompanied minors (umA in German) are considered as a risk group for psychological disorders. In international studies a high prevalence for trauma, anxiety, and depression were reported. A sample of N = 52 unaccompanied minors living in Germany was questioned on symptom severity as well as stress experience with the Refugee Health Screening-15. More than each second unaccompanied minor shows clinically relevant symptom severity and stress experience...
April 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389967/a-file-study-of-refugee-children-referred-to-specialized-mental-health-care-from-an-individual-diagnostic-to-an-ecological-perspective
#19
Julia Villanueva O'Driscoll, Geertrui Serneels, Lindita Imeraj
The past years have been characterized by a large refugee crisis across the globe. The exposure to preflight, flight, and resettlement stressors puts refugee children and their families at risk of developing emotional and behavioral disorders. A unique Western-based approach of mental health problems seems to be insufficient to address the complexity of interactions between individual vulnerabilities and more ecological surrounding systems. We looked into (1) the reasons for referral; and (2) the process diagnostic outcomes after ethnopsychiatric and psychological assessment...
April 7, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389494/employment-status-and-psychological-distress-in-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study-in-sweden-the-impact-of-migration
#20
Anna Sidorchuk, Karin Engström, Charisse M Johnson, Naima Kayser Leeoza, Jette Möller
OBJECTIVES: Unemployment and temporary employment are known to impact psychological health. However, the extent to which the effect is altered by migration-related and sociodemographic determinants is less clear. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the association between employment status and psychological distress differs between immigrants and Swedish-born and to what extent, the association is modified by gender and reason for immigration. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey study...
April 7, 2017: BMJ Open
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