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Vancomycin continuous infusion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905839/continuous-infusion-vancomycin-teaching-an-old-dog-new-tricks
#1
Kevin J Downes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 14, 2018: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736878/vancomycin-in-pediatric-patients-with-solid-or-hematological-malignant-disease-predictive-performance-of-a-population-pharmacokinetic-model-and-new-optimized-dosing-regimens
#2
Amélie Marsot, F Gallais, C Galambrun, C Coze, O Blin, N Andre, R Guilhaumou
BACKGROUND: The application of population pharmacokinetic models and Bayesian methods offers the potential to develop individualized therapeutic approaches. OBJECTIVES: The current study presents an external evaluation of a vancomycin pharmacokinetic model in a pediatric cancer population and proposes an easy-to-use chart for clinicians for a priori vancomycin schedule adaptation to achieve target concentration. METHODS: External evaluation of a population pharmacokinetic model of vancomycin administered via continuous infusion was realized in a new retrospective dataset of pediatric patients with cancer...
May 8, 2018: Paediatric Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718415/experience-with-continuous-infusion-vancomycin-dosing-in-a-large-pediatric-hospital
#3
Amanda L Hurst, Christine Baumgartner, Christine E MacBrayne, Jason Child
Background: There is a paucity of data on dosing of continuous infusion of vancomycin (CIV) in pediatric patients, despite it being an attractive treatment option for limiting escalating doses of intermittent infusion of vancomycin. The purpose of this study was to determine the total daily dose of CIV required to attain therapeutic serum vancomycin concentrations (SVCs) in pediatric patients according to age (≥31 days to <2 years, 2 to <8 years, and 8 to <18 years). Methods: We retrospectively evaluated patients who were transitioned from intermittent infusion of vancomycin to CIV between January 2013 and December 2016...
April 30, 2018: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642744/evaluation-of-continuous-infusion-vancomycin-administration-in-a-critically-ill-trauma-population
#4
Brittany D Bissell, Gina Riggi, Christopher Morrison
Vancomycin is a first-line antibiotic for empiric treatment of gram-positive infections in the trauma intensive care unit. When dosed intermittently, difficulties arise from trough collection and drug monitoring. The objective of this study was to evaluate time to goal vancomycin levels comparing a continuous infusion protocol when compared to standard intermittent infusion dosing. This was a retrospective cohort of patients admitted to the trauma intensive care unit between July 2011 and July 2015 receiving vancomycin for at least 48 hours...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512049/target-controlled-continuous-infusion-for-antibiotic-dosing-proof-of-principle-in-an-in-silico-vancomycin-trial-in-intensive-care-unit-patients
#5
Pieter J Colin, Stijn Jonckheere, Michel M R F Struys
OBJECTIVES: In this in-silico study, we investigate the clinical utility of target-controlled infusion for antibiotic dosing in an intensive care unit setting using vancomycin as a model compound. We compared target-controlled infusion and adaptive target-controlled infusion, which combines target-controlled infusion with data from therapeutic drug monitoring, with conventional (therapeutic drug monitoring-based) vancomycin dosing strategies. METHODS: A clinical trial simulation was conducted...
March 6, 2018: Clinical Pharmacokinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394210/achievement-of-therapeutic-vancomycin-exposure-with-continuous-infusion-in-critically-ill-children
#6
Mathieu Genuini, Mehdi Oualha, Naïm Bouazza, Florence Moulin, Jean-Marc Treluyer, Fabrice Lesage, Sylvain Renolleau, Sihem Benaboud
OBJECTIVE: Describe and assess a continuous infusion dosing scheme of vancomycin therapy in critically ill children. DESIGN: Retrospective single-center study, January to June 2015. SETTING: PICU located within a French tertiary academic pediatric hospital. PATIENTS: All children admitted in the PICU from January 2015 to June 2015, receiving continuous infusion of vancomycin therapy. INTERVENTIONS: None...
June 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315849/continuous-intravenous-vancomycin-in-children-with-normal-renal-function-hospitalized-in-hematology-oncology-prospective-validation-of-a-dosing-regimen-optimizing-steady-state-concentration
#7
Delphine Hoegy, Sylvain Goutelle, Nathalie Garnier, Cécile Rénard, Cécile Faure-Conter, Christophe Bergeron, Yves Bertrand, Nathalie Bleyzac
Continuous intravenous (IV) infusion has been shown to be the best option to administer vancomycin because of its time-dependent bactericidal activity. Available IV vancomycin dosing guidelines in pediatrics with normal renal function leads to less than 50% of patients achieving a vancomycin serum concentration (Css) in the target range (15-20 mg/L). The primary objective of this study was to prospectively validate an age-based dosing regimen in pediatric oncology-hematology. The secondary objective was to investigate the influence on Css attainment of different variables...
January 6, 2018: Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310404/extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-combined-with-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-in-cutaneous-burn-and-inhalation-injury-caused-by-hydrofluoric-acid-and-nitric-acid
#8
Qinhua Pu, Jinxian Qian, Weiyi Tao, Aixiang Yang, Jian Wu, Yaodong Wang
RATIONALE: Hydrofluoric acid (HF) is a highly corrosive agent and can cause corrosive burns. HF can penetrate deeply into tissues through intact skin and the lipid barrier, leading to painful liquefactive necrosis, and inducing hypocalcemia and hypomagnesemia. In this study, we hypothesize that continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) may be beneficial in addressing hemodynamic instability in cases of HF poisoning. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 25-year-old man fell into an electroplating pool containing 10% HF and 50% nitric acid...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260505/vancomycin-dosing-and-monitoring-critical-evaluation-of-the-current-practice
#9
Fawzy Elbarbry
After more than six decades of its use as the mainstay antibiotic for the treatment of multidrug-resistant Gram-positive bacterial infections, dosing and monitoring of vancomycin therapy have not been optimized. The current vancomycin therapeutic guidelines recommend empiric doses of 15-20 mg/kg administered by intermittent infusion every 8-12 h in patients with normal kidney function. Additionally, the guidelines recommend trough concentration of 15-20 mg/L as a therapeutic goal for adult patients with severe infections...
December 19, 2017: European Journal of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040561/prospective-evaluation-of-a-continuous-infusion-vancomycin-dosing-nomogram-in-critically-ill-patients-undergoing-continuous-venovenous-haemofiltration
#10
Jonathan H Sin, Kelly Newman, Ramy H Elshaboury, D Dante Yeh, Marc A de Moya, Hsin Lin
Objectives: The most optimal method of attaining therapeutic vancomycin concentrations during continuous venovenous haemofiltration (CVVH) remains unclear. Studies have shown continuous infusion vancomycin (CIV) achieves target concentrations more rapidly and consistently when compared with intermittent infusion. Positive correlations between CVVH intensity and vancomycin clearance (CLvanc) have been noted. This study is the first to evaluate a CIV regimen in patients undergoing CVVH that incorporates weight-based CVVH intensity (mL/kg/h) into the dosing nomogram...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936957/-pk-pd-of-vancomycin-in-patients-with-severe-acute-pancreatitis-combined-with-augmented-renal-clearance
#11
Juan He, Enqiang Mao, Feng Jing, Huiting Jiang, Wenyun Xu, Wanhua Yang, Erzhen Chen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the serum trough concentration and the pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics (PK/PD) of vancomycin in patients with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP), and analyze the effect of vancomycin continuous infusion for optimizing the characteristics of its PK/PD. METHODS: The inhospital patients with SAP received vancomycin treatment and admitted to emergency intensive care unit (EICU) of Ruijin Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine from January 2011 to December 2016 were enrolled...
September 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893792/influence-of-mechanical-ventilation-on-the-pharmacokinetics-of-vancomycin-administered-by-continuous-infusion-in-critically-ill-patients
#12
Susanna Edith Medellín-Garibay, Silvia Romano-Moreno, Pilar Tejedor-Prado, Noelia Rubio-Álvaro, Aida Rueda-Naharro, Miguel Angel Blasco-Navalpotro, Benito García, Emilia Barcia
Pathophysiological changes involved in drug disposition in critically ill patients should be considered in order to optimize the dosing of vancomycin administered by continuous infusion, and certain strategies must be applied to reach therapeutic targets on the first day of treatment. The aim of this study was to develop a population pharmacokinetic model of vancomycin to determine clinical covariates, including mechanical ventilation, that influence the wide variability of this antimicrobial. Plasma vancomycin concentrations from 54 critically ill patients were analyzed simultaneously by a population pharmacokinetic approach...
December 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650363/population-pharmacokinetics-and-pharmacodynamic-target-attainment-of-vancomycin-in-neonates-on-extracorporeal-life-support
#13
Jeffrey J Cies, Wayne S Moore, Kristen Nichols, Chad A Knoderer, Dominick M Carella, Arun Chopra
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the population pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamic target attainment of vancomycin in neonates with a contemporary ¼-inch extracorporeal life support circuit with a Quadrox-iD Pediatric oxygenator (Maquet Cardiovascular, LLC, Wayne, NJ). DESIGN: Retrospective medical record review. SETTING: Two free-standing tertiary/quaternary pediatric children's hospitals. PATIENTS: Neonates receiving either veno-arterial or veno-venous extracorporeal life support and vancomycin for empiric or definitive therapy with resulting serum concentrations...
October 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504034/a-simulation-of-loading-doses-for-vancomycin-continuous-infusion-regimens-in-intensive-care
#14
Martin Šíma, Karolína Hronová, Jan Hartinger, Ondřej Slanař
BACKGROUND: Delayed achievement of target vancomycin serum concentrations may adversely affect clinical outcomes. The objective of this retrospective study was to compare the prediction accuracy of different body weight descriptors for volume of distribution and to propose an optimal loading dose (LD) for continuous infusion regimens in adults. METHODS: Pharmacokinetic variables were computed using one-compartmental analysis. Simulated LDs of vancomycin were evaluated for each patient...
September 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353453/a-change-for-the-antibacterial-treatment-policy-to-decrease-carbapenem-consumption-at-a-haematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-centre
#15
Gõkhan Metan, Leylagül Kaynar, Nuran Yozgat, Ferhan Elmali, Cemile Altay Kürkçüoglu, Emine Alp, Mustafa Çetin
After experiencing a high rate of carbapenem-resistant Gram-negative bacilli infections in febrile neutropenic patients, a two-stage intervention was introduced in the haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) centre. During the first eight months of 2014, carbapenems remained the first choice for the empirical treatment of febrile neutropenia while the use of piperacillin/tazobactam (TZP) was encouraged in patients with stable clinical condition. When blood cultures were reported as negative and the patient was clinically stable the carbapenem/TZP treatment was stopped regardless of continuous fever and neutrophil count...
March 1, 2017: Le Infezioni in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236797/community-acquired-pneumonia-caused-by-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-in-critically-ill-patients-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Nuria Carballo, Marta De Antonio-Cuscó, Daniel Echeverría-Esnal, Sonia Luque, Esther Salas, Santiago Grau
INTRODUCTION: Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is associated with high morbidity and mortality rates. Despite methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) having often been associated with nosocomial pneumonia, the condition of some MRSA CAP patients is severe enough to warrant their being admitted to ICU. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to conduct a systematic review of the literature on antibiotic treatment of MRSA CAP in critically-ill patients...
March 1, 2017: Farmacia Hospitalaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27850317/678-prospective-evaluation-of-a-continuous-infusion-vancomycin-nomogram-in-icu-patients-receiving-cvvh
#17
Jonathan Sin, Kelly Newman, Hsin Lin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631462/pediatric-patients-with-solid-or-hematological-tumor-disease-vancomycin-population-pharmacokinetics-and-dosage-optimization
#18
Romain Guilhaumou, Amélie Marsot, Julien Dupouey, Claire Galambrun, Audrey Boulamery, Carole Coze, Nicolas Simon, Nicolas André
BACKGROUND: In pediatric cancer patients, determination of optimal vancomycin dosage is essential because of high risk of inadequate concentrations and bacterial resistance. The aim of this study was to determine vancomycin pharmacokinetic parameters in this population and propose dosage optimization to achieve optimal concentration. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the use of vancomycin in pediatric cancer patients with febrile neutropenia (hematological or solid tumor disease)...
October 2016: Therapeutic Drug Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27540238/an-audit-of-vancomycin-plasma-concentrations-when-vancomycin-is-administered-by-continuous-intravenous-infusion-in-neonates
#19
Louise Whitticase, Gemma Holder, Matt Cawsey, Alison Bedford-Russell
AIM: To compare continuous intravenous infusions of vancomycin in achieving desired therapeutic plasma concentrations against an intermittent bolus regimen. METHOD: Data were collected for all babies who received a continuous infusion of vancomycin on our Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) between October 2014 and March 2015. The regimen is based on that of another hospital (Hospital A) and comprised of a loading dose of 15 mg/kg over 1 hour followed by a continuous infusion of 20-50 mg/kg/day according to creatinine and corrected gestational age (CGA)...
September 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27540188/an-audit-of-paediatric-vancomycin-dosing
#20
Soomal Mohsin-Shaikh, Poonam Lumb
AIM: To audit whether a new paediatric vancomycin guideline is being adhered to and if therapeutic levels are being achieved. METHOD: Data on doses, age, weight, vancomycin levels, time taken and renal function were collected prospectively by reviewing drug charts of paediatric patients on vancomycin. The patients were followed for their whole vancomycin journey in order to observe if the guidelines were followed throughout. Data were collected between 7th and 30th January 2015...
September 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
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