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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155679/antidepressant-use-among-persons-aged-12-and-over-united-states-2011-2014
#1
Laura A Pratt, Debra J Brody, Qiuping Gu
Key findings Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey ● During 2011-2014, 12.7% of persons aged 12 and over, 8.6% of males, and 16.5% of females took antidepressant medication in the past month. ● For both males and females, non-Hispanic white persons were more likely to take antidepressant medication compared with those of other race and Hispanic-origin groups. ● One-fourth of persons who took antidepressant medication had done so for 10 years or more. ● Antidepressant use increased from 1999 to 2014...
August 2017: NCHS Data Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155253/the-association-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-and-immediate-postoperative-outcomes-following-lumbar-fusion
#2
Joseph E Tanenbaum, Stephanie T Kha, Edward C Benzel, Michael P Steinmetz, Thomas E Mroz
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: The United States Centers for Disease Control estimates the prevalence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) at over 3.1 million people. As diagnostic techniques and treatment options for IBD improve, the prevalence of IBD is expected to increase. For spine surgeons, patients with IBD have a unique complication profile because IBD patients may present with poor nutritional status and because the medications used to manage IBD have been associated with poor vertebral bone mineralization and immunosuppression...
November 15, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153824/cancer-related-hypercalcemia-in-oral-cancer
#3
T-C Lin, K-L Liang, L-C Lee, C-Y Hsu, T-T Yen
Cancer-related hypercalcemia (CRH) is a critical paraneoplastic disorder in advanced cancer patients. In clinical practice, patients with CRH have a poor prognosis. The medical records of 3198 oral cancer patients with CRH diagnosed at Taichung Veterans General Hospital from 1 January 2003 to 31 December 2015 were reviewed. The criteria for patient enrolment were a diagnosis of hypercalcemia or the use of antihypercalcemia medication. Patients who met any of the following criteria were excluded: use of total parenteral nutrition, incomplete serum calcium data, and unknown date of death...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152220/preference-and-willingness-to-pay-for-nutritional-counseling-services-in-urban-hanoi
#4
Hai Viet Nguyen, Ngoc Bao Trinh, Huong Thi Le, Cuong Tat Nguyen, Hue Thi Mai, Tho Dinh Tran, Huong Thi Le, Bach Xuan Tran, Thuc Thi Minh Vu
Background: Despite substantial achievement in reducing malnutrition rates in Vietnam, there has been an increasing rate of overweight individuals in urban areas, which may result in a high burden of non-communicable diseases. Nutritional counseling clinics have been introduced in several settings; however, little is known about the preference for this service among urban clients. This study aimed to assess the preference and willingness to pay (WTP) for nutritional counseling services among urban clients.  Methods: We interviewed 429 clients who attended Hanoi Medical University Nutritional Counseling Clinic (Hanoi, Vietnam)...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151717/bariatric-surgery-a-perspective-for-primary-care
#5
Scott Kizy, Cyrus Jahansouz, Keith Wirth, Sayeed Ikramuddin, Daniel Leslie
IN BRIEF Bariatric surgery is the most efficacious treatment for obesity, type 2 diabetes, and other obesity-related comorbidities. In this article, the authors review the current indications for bariatric surgery and discuss the most commonly performed procedures. They analyze medical outcomes of bariatric procedures by reviewing key prospective trials and discuss changes in physiology after these procedures. They conclude by discussing long-term management of bariatric patients by reviewing current guidelines for nutritional support and listing common complications related to these procedures...
November 2017: Diabetes Spectrum: a Publication of the American Diabetes Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151417/-effect-of-early-use-of-different-doses-of-enteral-nutrition-on-prognosis-of-patients-with-acute-respiratory-failure
#6
Jianting Gao, Qiuyan Wang
OBJECTIVE: To observe the impact of initial low-dose (trophic type) enteral nutrition (EN) support on mechanical ventilation (MV) time, the incidence of complications and survival rate in patients with acute respiratory failure (ARF). METHODS: A prospective study was conducted. Forty-four patients with ARF undergoing MV admitted to Department of Critical Care Medicine of Hangzhou Traditional Chinese Medical Hospital from September 2015 to February 2017 were enrolled, and they were divided into a trophic feeding group (n = 23, study group) and a standard-dose feeding group (n = 21, control group)...
November 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151175/demographic-clinical-lifestyle-related-and-social-cognitive-correlates-of-physical-activity-in-head-and-neck-cancer-survivors
#7
Laurien M Buffart, Remco de Bree, Martine Altena, Sophie van der Werff, Constance H C Drossaert, Caroline M Speksnijder, Michiel W van den Brekel, Harriët Jager-Wittenaar, Neil K Aaronson, Martijn M Stuiver
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to identify demographic, clinical, lifestyle-related, and social-cognitive correlates of physical activity (PA) intention and behavior in head and neck cancer (HNC) survivors using the theory of planned behavior (TPB). METHODS: Data from two cross-sectional studies on correlates of PA in HNC survivors were pooled. Both studies used self-reports to assess PA and social-cognitive correlates. Potential correlates were collected via self-report or medical records...
November 18, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150201/nations-within-a-nation-variations-in-epidemiological-transition-across-the-states-of-india-1990-2016-in-the-global-burden-of-disease-study
#8
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: 18% of the world's population lives in India, and many states of India have populations similar to those of large countries. Action to effectively improve population health in India requires availability of reliable and comprehensive state-level estimates of disease burden and risk factors over time. Such comprehensive estimates have not been available so far for all major diseases and risk factors. Thus, we aimed to estimate the disease burden and risk factors in every state of India as part of the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Study 2016...
November 13, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149910/sodium-chloride-pica-causing-recurrent-nephrolithiasis-in-a-patient-with-iron-deficiency-anemia-a-case-report
#9
Brittany Rogers, Joshua Kramer, Stephanie Smith, Vincent Bird, Eric I Rosenberg
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency anemia is a common finding in women of child-bearing age. Pica, or the ingestion of non-food or non-nutritive items, is a well-known manifestation of iron deficiency. A high sodium diet increases risk for nephrolithiasis. We describe the case of a 31-year-old woman with recurrent calcium nephrolithiasis and anemia who ate ice chips as well as spoons of salt daily. Treatment of pica may prove effective in preventing recurrent nephrolithiasis. CASE PRESENTATION: A 31-year-old white woman with a past medical history of menorrhagia, anemia, and recurrent calcium nephrolithiasis presented for preoperative evaluation prior to ureterolithotomy...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149476/clinical-parameters-before-and-after-the-transition-to-dialysis
#10
Dugan W Maddux, Len A Usvyat, Terry Ketchersid, Yue Jiao, Tommy C Blanchard, Peter Kotanko, Frank M van der Sande, Jeroen P Kooman, Franklin W Maddux
INTRODUCTION: The transition from pre-dialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD) to post-dialysis start is a critical period associated with high patient mortality and increased hospital admissions. Little is known about the trends of key clinical and laboratory parameters through this time of transition to start dialysis. METHODS: De-identified data including demographics, vital signs, lab results, and eGFR from the Fresenius Medical Care-CKD Registry were analyzed to determine trends in clinical and laboratory parameters through the time of transition from 12 months pre-dialysis start to 12 months post-dialysis start...
November 17, 2017: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146652/dynamic-treatment-selection-and-modification-for-personalised-blood-pressure-therapy-using-a-markov-decision-process-model-a-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#11
Sung Eun Choi, Margaret L Brandeau, Sanjay Basu
OBJECTIVE: Personalised medicine seeks to select and modify treatments based on individual patient characteristics and preferences. We sought to develop an automated strategy to select and modify blood pressure treatments, incorporating the likelihood that patients with different characteristics would benefit from different types of medications and dosages and the potential severity and impact of different side effects among patients with different characteristics. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: We developed a Markov decision process (MDP) model to incorporate meta-analytic data and estimate the optimal treatment for maximising discounted lifetime quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) based on individual patient characteristics, incorporating medication adjustment choices when a patient incurs side effects...
November 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146532/potential-u-s-population-impact-of-the-2017-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-high-blood-pressure-guideline
#12
Paul Muntner, Robert M Carey, Samuel Gidding, Daniel W Jones, Sandra J Taler, Jackson T Wright, Paul K Whelton
BACKGROUND: The 2017 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) Guideline for the Prevention, Detection, Evaluation and Management of High Blood Pressure in Adults provides recommendations for the definition of hypertension, systolic and diastolic blood pressure (BP) thresholds for initiation of antihypertensive medication and BP target goals. OBJECTIVE: Determine the prevalence of hypertension, implications of recommendations for antihypertensive medication and prevalence of BP above the treatment goal among US adults using criteria from the 2017 ACC/AHA and the Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC7) guidelines...
November 6, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145248/esophageal-duplication-cyst-with-hemivertebrae-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#13
Yanfang Liu, Ling Zhou, Shuixue Li, Jun He, Abudusaimi, Kai Li, Aziguli, Haixia Yao
BACKGROUND: Esophageal duplication cysts (EDCs) are rare congenital anomalies that can be associated with symptomatic spinal abnormalities, but presentations due to EDC symptoms are rarely found in the presence of spinal abnormalities. CASE SUMMARY: A 6-month-old infant weighing approximately 5.0 kg presented with a 2-month pulmonary infection and more recent difficulty swallowing and nutritional intolerance that did not improve with medical treatment. Contrast-enhanced chest computed tomography showed a well-defined, mediastinal, homogeneous, low-density cystic mass of 11...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143967/thirteen-week-toxicity-study-of-dietary-l-tryptophan-in-rats-with-a-recovery-period-of-5%C3%A2-weeks
#14
Yusuke Shibui, Hideki Matsumoto, Yoko Masuzawa, Takumi Ohishi, Tsutomu Fukuwatari, Katsumi Shibata, Ryosei Sakai
Although l-tryptophan is nutritionally important and widely used in medical applications, toxicity data for its oral administration are limited. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the potential toxicity of an experimental diet containing added l-tryptophan at doses of 0 (basal diet), 1.25%, 2.5% and 5.0% when administered to Sprague-Dawley rats for 13 weeks. There were no toxicological changes in clinical signs, ophthalmology, urinalysis, hematology, necropsy, organ weight and histopathology between control rats and those fed additional l-tryptophan...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Applied Toxicology: JAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143888/-the-art-of-insulin-treatment-diabetes-insulin-and-the-1920s
#15
Kirsten E Gardner
Soon after the discovery of insulin in the early 1920s, the popular press celebrated the miraculous discovery. Although insulin had no curative effect on the chronic state of diabetes, it was frequently heralded as a "cure." This paper examines how the discovery of insulin intersected with the rise of diabetic technology and the transfer of medical technology to the home setting. By analyzing diabetic manuals written for patients and physicians, letters exchanged between patient and physician, medical journals, magazines and newspapers, I trace how patients learned about insulin and more significantly how patients adopted measurement technologies designed to allow better home administration of insulin...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142481/rescue-case-of-low-birth-weight-infant-with-acute-hepatic-failure
#16
Noriki Okada, Yukihiro Sanada, Taizen Urahashi, Yoshiyuki Ihara, Naoya Yamada, Yuta Hirata, Takumi Katano, Kentaro Ushijima, Shinya Otomo, Shujiro Fujita, Koichi Mizuta
We report a case involving a rescued low birth weight infant (LBWI) with acute liver failure. CASE: The patient was 1594 g and 32(3/7) gestational wk at birth. At the age of 11 d, she developed acute liver failure due to gestational alloimmune liver disease. Exchange transfusion and high-dose gamma globulin therapy were initiated, and body weight increased with enteral nutrition. Exchange transfusion was performed a total of 33 times prior to living donor liver transplantation (LDLT)...
October 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141590/health-nutrition-and-development-of-children-born-preterm-and-low-birth-weight-in-rural-rwanda-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Catherine M Kirk, Jean Claude Uwamungu, Kim Wilson, Bethany L Hedt-Gauthier, Neo Tapela, Peter Niyigena, Christian Rusangwa, Merab Nyishime, Evrard Nahimana, Fulgence Nkikabahizi, Christine Mutaganzwa, Eric Ngabireyimana, Francis Mutabazi, Hema Magge
BACKGROUND: As care for preterm and low birth weight (LBW) infants improves in resource-limited settings, more infants are surviving the neonatal period. Preterm and (LBW) infants are at high-risk of nutritional and medical comorbidities, yet little is known about their developmental outcomes in low-income countries. This study evaluated the health, nutritional, and developmental status of preterm/LBW children at ages 1-3 years in Rwanda. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of preterm/LBW infants discharged between October 2011 and October 2013 from a hospital neonatal unit in rural Rwanda...
November 15, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141052/association-between-urinary-manganese-and-blood-pressure-results-from-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-nhanes-2011-2014
#18
Cynthia Wu, Jessica G Woo, Nanhua Zhang
Manganese is a trace mineral required for metabolism, growth and tissue formation, and reproduction. It is mainly obtained through food and water, as well as through occupational exposure. This study used data from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, combining the 2011-12 and 2013-14 cycles. We conducted linear regression analyses on urinary manganese and blood pressure. Significant negative associations (p<0.01) between urinary manganese and both systolic and diastolic blood pressure existed after adjusting for age, sex, body mass index, race/ethnicity, and status of taking antihypertensive medication...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140654/proposed-industry-best-practices-in-development-and-marketing-of-medical-foods-for-the-management-of-chronic-conditions-and-diseases-while-awaiting-regulation
#19
Bruce Burnett, Robert M Levy
Ideal therapeutics have low toxicity and can effectively manage condition(s) or disease(s). The Food & Drug Administration (FDA) marketing category of therapeutics called “medical foods” (MFs) meets such a definition. Medical foods have existed in Federal law since passage the Orphan Drug Act in 1988, which created a category of nutritional therapeutics separate from drugs. Unfortunately, MFs are not widely understood by the medical community or utilized in all patients who need them due to lack of a FDA-approval process, unclear and contradictory guidance especially with regard for need for an investigational new drug (IND) application, and no clear regulations regarding their development and marketing...
2017: Food and Drug Law Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140554/factors-associated-to-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-diabetes
#20
Sylvie Azogui-Lévy, Rosemary Dray-Spira, Sarah Attal, Agnes Hartemann, Fani Anagnostou, Jean Azerad
AIMS: Oral pathologies are prevalent in diabetes, and they may affect the quality of life and patient's perception of their oral health. The aim of this study was to investigate the factors associated to oral health-related quality of life of patients with diabetes. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted involving 316 patients visiting a hospital diabetic unit. Sociodemographic, oral and medical care data were recorded, and a General Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) questionnaire was completed...
November 15, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
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