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Speech and language therapy autism

Susan H Ebbels, Lisa Wright, Sally Brockbank, Caroline Godfrey, Catherine Harris, Hannah Leniston, Kate Neary, Hilary Nicoll, Lucy Nicoll, Jackie Scott, Nataša Marić
BACKGROUND: Evidence of the effectiveness of therapy for older children with (developmental) language disorder (DLD), and particularly those with receptive language impairments, is very limited. The few existing studies have focused on particular target areas, but none has looked at a whole area of a service. AIMS: To establish whether for students with (developmental) language disorder attending a specialist school, 1:1 intervention with an SLT during one school term improves performance on targeted areas, compared with untreated control areas...
November 18, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Karen Chenausky, Andrea Norton, Helen Tager-Flusberg, Gottfried Schlaug
This study compared Auditory-Motor Mapping Training (AMMT), an intonation-based treatment for facilitating spoken language in minimally verbal children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), to a matched control treatment, Speech Repetition Therapy (SRT). 23 minimally verbal children with ASD (20 male, mean age 6;5) received at least 25 sessions of AMMT. Seven (all male) were matched on age and verbal ability to seven participants (five male) who received SRT. Outcome measures were Percent Syllables Approximated, Percent Consonants Correct (of 86), and Percent Vowels Correct (of 61) produced on two sets of 15 bisyllabic stimuli...
2016: PloS One
Gerasimos Kolaitis, Christian G Bouwkamp, Alexia Papakonstantinou, Ioanna Otheiti, Maria Belivanaki, Styliani Haritaki, Terpsihori Korpa, Zinovia Albani, Elena Terzioglou, Polyxeni Apostola, Aggeliki Skamnaki, Athena Xaidara, Konstantina Kosma, Sophia Kitsiou-Tzeli, Maria Tzetis
BACKGROUND: This is a case with multiple chromosomal aberrations which are likely etiological for the observed psychiatric phenotype consisting of attention deficit hyperactivity and conduct disorders. CASE PRESENTATION: We report on an 11 year-old boy, admitted to the pediatric hospital for behavioral difficulties and a delayed neurodevelopmental trajectory. A cytogenetic analysis and high-resolution microarray comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) analysis was performed...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Holger F Sperdin, Marie Schaer
From the time of birth, a newborn is continuously exposed and naturally attracted to human voices, and as he grows, he becomes increasingly responsive to these speech stimuli, which are strong drivers for his language development and knowledge acquisition about the world. In contrast, young children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are often insensitive to human voices, failing to orient and respond to them. Failure to attend to speech in turn results in altered development of language and social-communication skills...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Lauren J Taylor, Valsamma Eapen, Murray T Maybery, Sue Midford, Jessica Paynter, Lyndsay Quarmby, Timothy Smith, Katrina Williams, Andrew J O Whitehouse
OBJECTIVES: There is currently no agreed Australian standard for the diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) even though there are specific diagnostic services available. We suspected inconsistency in the diagnostic practices of health professionals in Australia and aimed to assess these practices across the nation by surveying all relevant professional groups. DESIGN: In this study, we completed a survey of 173 health professionals whose clinical practice includes participating in the diagnostic process for ASD in Australia...
2016: BMJ Open
Danielle Azarias Defense-Netrval, Fernanda Dreux Miranda Fernandes
The increased prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) worldwide has been a major public health concern; therefore, discussion about the services and therapies required has become important. This study aimed to characterize the provision of speech-language therapy services in the metropolitan area of Sao Paulo. To this end, a questionnaire with 23 questions was developed based on the Balanced Scorecard methodology. This questionnaire was applied to 854 individuals assisted in 25 ASD services. The results show that only 64% of the ASD services offer speech-language therapy and that the number of individuals assisted is below the expected...
July 2016: CoDAS
B Mikic, A Jotic, D Miric, M Nikolic, N Jankovic, N Arsovic
INTRODUCTION: Incidence of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is rising through the years with estimated 1 in 68 in the US in 2014. This incidence is also rising in the population of congenitally deaf children. Favorable outcome after early cochlear implantation is expected due to plasticity and reorganization capacity of brain in infants and toddlers, but outcomes could be significantly modified in children with diagnosed ASD. Current methods of screening for autism have difficulties in establishing diagnosis in children who have both autism and other developmental delays, especially at such an early age...
June 2016: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
Gayle G Faught, Frances A Conners, Angela B Barber, Hannah R Price
BACKGROUND: Phonological memory (PM) plays a significant role in language development but is impaired in individuals with Down syndrome (DS). Without formal recommendations on how to address PM limitations in clients with DS, it is possible speech-language pathologists (SLPs) find ways to do so in their practices. AIMS: This study asked if and how SLPs address PM in language therapy with clients who have DS. It also asked about SLPs' opinions of the importance, practicality and difficulty of addressing PM in clients with DS...
November 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Judith R Homberg, Evan J Kyzar, Maria Luisa Scattoni, William H Norton, Julian Pittman, Siddharth Gaikwad, Michael Nguyen, Manoj K Poudel, Jeremy F P Ullmann, David M Diamond, Aleksandra A Kaluyeva, Matthew O Parker, Richard E Brown, Cai Song, Raul R Gainetdinov, Irving I Gottesman, Allan V Kalueff
Neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs) are a heterogeneous group of prevalent neuropsychiatric illnesses with various degrees of social, cognitive, motor, language and affective deficits. NDDs are caused by aberrant brain development due to genetic and environmental perturbations. Common NDDs include autism spectrum disorder (ASD), intellectual disability, communication/speech disorders, motor/tic disorders and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Genetic and epigenetic/environmental factors play a key role in these NDDs with significant societal impact...
July 2016: Brain Research Bulletin
R E Thomas, W Spragins, G Mazloum, M Cronkhite, G Maru
BACKGROUND: Early and regular developmental screening can improve children's development through early intervention but is insufficiently used. Most developmental problems are readily evident at the 18-month well-baby visit. This trial's purpose is to: (1) compare identification rates of developmental problems by GPs/family physicians using four evidence-based tools with non-evidence based screening, and (2) ascertain whether the four tools can be completed in 10-min pre-visit on a computer...
May 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
Judith R Homberg, Evan J Kyzar, Michael Nguyen, William H Norton, Julian Pittman, Manoj K Poudel, Siddharth Gaikwad, Shun Nakamura, Mamiko Koshiba, Hideo Yamanouchi, Maria Luisa Scattoni, Jeremy F P Ullman, David M Diamond, Aleksandra A Kaluyeva, Matthew O Parker, Victor M Klimenko, Sergey A Apryatin, Richard E Brown, Cai Song, Raul R Gainetdinov, Irving I Gottesman, Allan V Kalueff
Neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs) are highly prevalent and severely debilitating brain illnesses caused by aberrant brain growth and development. Resulting in cognitive, social, motor, language and affective disabilities, common NDDs include autism spectrum disorder (ASD), intellectual disability, communication/speech disorders, motor/tic disorders and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Affecting neurogenesis, glia/neuronal proliferation and migration, synapse formation and myelination, aberrant neural development occurs over a substantial period of time...
June 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
Niko Kargas, Beatriz López, Paul Morris, Vasudevi Reddy
PURPOSE: To date, the literature on perception of affective, pragmatic, and grammatical prosody abilities in autism spectrum disorders (ASD) has been sparse and contradictory. It is interesting to note that the primary perception of syllable stress within the word structure, which is crucial for all prosody functions, remains relatively unexplored in ASD. Thus, in the current study, we explored syllable stress perception sensitivity and its relationship to speech production abnormalities and communicative ability in adults with ASD...
April 1, 2016: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Allison Beck Blackmer, James A Feinstein
Neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs) are defined as a group of disorders caused by changes in early brain development, resulting in behavioral and cognitive alterations in sensory and motor systems, speech, and language. NDDs affect approximately 1-2% of the general population. Up to 80% of children with NDDs are reported to have disrupted sleep; subsequent deleterious effects on daytime behaviors, cognition, growth, and overall development of the child are commonly reported. Examples of NDDs discussed in this review include autism spectrum disorder, cerebral palsy, Rett syndrome, Angelman syndrome, Williams syndrome, and Smith-Magenis syndrome...
January 2016: Pharmacotherapy
J Volden, E Duku, C Shepherd, Ba, S Georgiades, T Bennett, B Di Rezze, P Szatmari, S Bryson, E Fombonne, P Mirenda, W Roberts, I M Smith, T Vaillancourt, C Waddell, L Zwaigenbaum, M Elsabbagh
OBJECTIVE: To describe services received by preschool children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) during the five-year period following their diagnosis. METHOD: An inception cohort of preschoolers diagnosed with ASD from Halifax (Nova Scotia), Montreal (Quebec), Hamilton (Ontario), Edmonton (Alberta) and Vancouver (British Columbia) were invited to participate. Parents/caregivers (n=414) described the services provided to their children at four time points: baseline (T1; within four months of diagnosis; mean age three years); six months later (T2); 12 months later (T3); and at school entry (T4)...
November 2015: Paediatrics & Child Health
Tony Charman, Gillian Baird, Emily Simonoff, Susie Chandler, Abi Davison-Jenkins, Ajay Sharma, Tony O'Sullivan, Andrew Pickles
AIM: The aim of this study was to test the accuracy of two screening instruments in UK Community health services: Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (M-CHAT) and Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ) for autism spectrum disorder (ASD). A two-stage screening and in-depth assessment procedure, combined with sampling stratification and statistical weighting, allowed the accuracy of the screens to be estimated in the entire population of referred children. METHOD: The study included all referrals of children aged 18 to 48 months to community paediatric and speech and language therapy services in two London districts over a 12-month period between September 2004 and September 2005...
April 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
Gauri Divan, Syed Usman Hamdani, Vivek Vajartkar, Ayesha Minhas, Carol Taylor, Catherine Aldred, Kathy Leadbitter, Atif Rahman, Jonathan Green, Vikram Patel
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based interventions for autism spectrum disorders evaluated in high-income countries typically require highly specialised manpower, which is a scarce resource in most low- and middle-income settings. This resource limitation results in most children not having access to evidence-based interventions. OBJECTIVE: This paper reports on the systematic adaptation of an evidence-based intervention, the Preschool Autism Communication Therapy (PACT) evaluated in a large trial in the United Kingdom for delivery in a low-resource setting through the process of task-shifting...
2015: Global Health Action
Anne O'Hare, Lynne Bremner
The identification of developmental problems in a child's acquisition of speech, language and/or communication is a core activity in child surveillance. These are common difficulties with up to 15% of toddlers being 'late talkers' and 7% of children entering school with persisting impairments of their language development. These delays can confer disadvantages in the long term, adversely affecting language, cognition, academic attainment, behaviour and mental health. All children presenting with significant speech and language delay should be investigated with a comprehensive hearing assessment and be considered for speech and language therapy assessment...
March 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
Heejoo Jo, Laura A Schieve, Andrea J Sharma, Stefanie N Hinkle, Ruowei Li, Jennifer N Lind
BACKGROUND: Both obesity and developmental disabilities have increased in recent decades. Limited studies suggest associations between maternal prepregnancy obesity and child neurodevelopment. METHODS: The Infant Feeding Practices Study II, a US nationally distributed longitudinal study of maternal health and infant health and feeding practices, was conducted from 2005 to 2007. In 2012, mothers were recontacted for information on their children's health and development...
May 2015: Pediatrics
Erica Salomone, Štěpánka Beranová, Frédérique Bonnet-Brilhault, Marlene Briciet Lauritsen, Magdalena Budisteanu, Jan Buitelaar, Ricardo Canal-Bedia, Gabriella Felhosi, Sue Fletcher-Watson, Christine Freitag, Joaquin Fuentes, Louise Gallagher, Patricia Garcia Primo, Fotinica Gliga, Marie Gomot, Jonathan Green, Mikael Heimann, Sigridur Loa Jónsdóttir, Anett Kaale, Rafal Kawa, Anneli Kylliainen, Sanne Lemcke, Silvana Markovska-Simoska, Peter B Marschik, Helen McConachie, Irma Moilanen, Filippo Muratori, Antonio Narzisi, Michele Noterdaeme, Guiomar Oliveira, Iris Oosterling, Mirjam Pijl, Nada Pop-Jordanova, Luise Poustka, Herbert Roeyers, Bernadette Rogé, Judith Sinzig, Astrid Vicente, Petra Warreyn, Tony Charman
Little is known about use of early interventions for autism spectrum disorder in Europe. Parents of children with autism spectrum disorder aged 7 years or younger (N = 1680) were recruited through parent organisations in 18 European countries and completed an online survey about the interventions their child received. There was considerable variation in use of interventions, and in some countries more than 20% of children received no intervention at all. The most frequently reported interventions were speech and language therapy (64%) and behavioural, developmental and relationship-based interventions (55%)...
February 2016: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
M David, A Billette de Villemeur, F Devillard, K Dieterich, P-S Jouk, C Prado, A Descotes, J-L Guillon, J Counillon, J Bloch, C Cans
Studies on mild intellectual disability (MID) are scarce. The aim of this study was to describe the educational and medical care trajectories and their determinants in children with MID. The study population concerned children born in 1997 and resident in a French county (Isère) in 2008. MID was defined as an overall IQ score between 50 and 69. For the present study, this definition was adjusted by integrating the IQ confidence intervals so that the risk of IQ measurement relativity and possible score discrepancy could be taken into account...
March 2015: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
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