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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231286/lexicon-enhanced-sentiment-analysis-framework-using-rule-based-classification-scheme
#1
Muhammad Zubair Asghar, Aurangzeb Khan, Shakeel Ahmad, Maria Qasim, Imran Ali Khan
With the rapid increase in social networks and blogs, the social media services are increasingly being used by online communities to share their views and experiences about a particular product, policy and event. Due to economic importance of these reviews, there is growing trend of writing user reviews to promote a product. Nowadays, users prefer online blogs and review sites to purchase products. Therefore, user reviews are considered as an important source of information in Sentiment Analysis (SA) applications for decision making...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215275/adolopment-a-new-term-added-to-the-clinical-epidemiology-lexicon
#2
EDITORIAL
Peter Tugwell, J Andŕe Knottnerus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198928/biotypology-regionalism-and-the-construction-of-a-plural-brazilian-bodily-identity-1930s
#3
Ana Carolina Vimieiro-Gomes
This article investigates regional biotypological studies and the construction of biological deterministic discourses about the Brazilian identity in the 1930s. Biotypological research was undertaken to determine the normal body type of the Brazilian man, using its peculiar classificatory lexicon. Studies into the bodily profile of specific regions, like the northeast and São Paulo state, featured in this research. In the context of the contemporary debates about race, miscegenation, and national identity, these investigations were geared towards biological determinism and the influence of the environment and social and cultural aspects on the bodily development of Brazilians...
December 2016: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194634/the-effect-of-language-exposure-and-word-characteristics-on-the-arab-efl-learners-word-associations
#4
Dina Abdel Salam El-Dakhs
The present study investigates the patterns of word associations among Arab EFL learners and compares these patterns with those of native speakers of English. The study also examines the influence of increased language exposure and word characteristics on the learners' association patterns. To this end, 45 native speakers of English and 421 Arab learners of English at a Saudi university with two distinct levels of English language exposure completed a multiple-response word association test and their responses were analyzed, examined and compared...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185092/thermal-analysis-and-stability-of-commercially-available-endodontic-obturation-materials
#5
H W Roberts, T C Kirkpatrick, B E Bergeron
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the thermal stability of 23 commercially-available endodontic obturation materials. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Specimens (n = 10) were sealed in aluminum differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) crucibles and subjected to thermal scan series consisting of a 25 to 70 °C at 5 °C/min followed by a rapid increase to 230 °C, followed by a second scan from 25 to 70 °C at 5 °C/min. The first scan evaluated the materials as-received followed by a worse-case-scenario thermal challenge simulating temperatures involved with warm vertical condensation obturation techniques...
February 10, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154314/effectiveness-of-x-ray-computed-microtomography-to-determine-structureproperty-relationships-of-gutta-percha
#6
Liudi Zhang, Christopher Joubert, George Bruder, Kai Yang, Alexa Aseel-Fine, Keith Jones, Miriam Rafailovich
We have shown that Computed Microtomography (CMT) is able to map the internal distribution of the filler particles in ProTaper(TM), Lexicon(TM), and GuttaCore(TM) materials, and explain the differences in their tensile and ductility properties, prior to mechanical manipulation. Working of uncrosslinked ProTaper™ and Lexicon(TM) samples resulted in a five-fold increase in ductility and the tensile elongation at break. CMT mapping of the internal structure showed that large, periodic, striations formed across the interior of the sample corresponding to the formation of regions with low filler particle density...
February 1, 2017: Dental Materials Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131457/bi-rads-%C3%A2-fifth-edition-a-summary-of-changes
#7
D A Spak, J S Plaxco, L Santiago, M J Dryden, B E Dogan
The Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS(®)) is a standardized system of reporting breast pathology as seen on mammogram, ultrasound, and magnetic resonance imaging. It encourages consistency between reports and facilitates clear communication between the radiologist and other physicians by providing a lexicon of descriptors, a reporting structure that relates assessment categories to management recommendations, and a framework for data collection and auditing. This article highlights the changes made to the BI-RADS(®) atlas 5th edition by comparison with its predecessor, provide a useful resource for a radiologist attempting to review the recent changes to the new edition, and serve as a quick reference to those who have previously become familiar with the material...
January 25, 2017: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130729/the-developmental-lexicon-project-a-behavioral-database-to-investigate-visual-word-recognition-across-the-lifespan
#8
Pauline Schröter, Sascha Schroeder
With the Developmental Lexicon Project (DeveL), we present a large-scale study that was conducted to collect data on visual word recognition in German across the lifespan. A total of 800 children from Grades 1 to 6, as well as two groups of younger and older adults, participated in the study and completed a lexical decision and a naming task. We provide a database for 1,152 German words, comprising behavioral data from seven different stages of reading development, along with sublexical and lexical characteristics for all stimuli...
January 27, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126316/emotional-experiences-one-year-after-a-traffic-accident-an-exploratory-study-of-verbatim-accounts-of-the-esparr-cohort
#9
Barthélémy-Claude Tavernier, Laurence Paire-Ficout, Pierrette Charnay, Hélène Tardy, Marie Izaute, Laetitia Silvert, Martine Hours
The aim of this study was to characterize different possible profiles of emotional experiences of victims of traffic accident based on verbatim accounts collected one year after the accident, and to relate these profiles to various socio-demographic and health data. A hierarchical cluster analysis of the emotional lexicon was made by categorizing and quantifying the EMOTAIX© lexicon using Tropes© text analysis software. Out of the 751 selected subjects, 328 expressed one or more emotional experiences. A link appeared between quality of life (QoL), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and the valence of expressed emotions...
January 17, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125595/the-language-of-geometry-fast-comprehension-of-geometrical-primitives-and-rules-in-human-adults-and-preschoolers
#10
Marie Amalric, Liping Wang, Pierre Pica, Santiago Figueira, Mariano Sigman, Stanislas Dehaene
During language processing, humans form complex embedded representations from sequential inputs. Here, we ask whether a "geometrical language" with recursive embedding also underlies the human ability to encode sequences of spatial locations. We introduce a novel paradigm in which subjects are exposed to a sequence of spatial locations on an octagon, and are asked to predict future locations. The sequences vary in complexity according to a well-defined language comprising elementary primitives and recursive rules...
January 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121289/mapping-cell-type-specific-transcriptional-enhancers-using-high-affinity-lineage-specific-ep300-biochip-seq
#11
Pingzhu Zhou, Fei Gu, Lina Zhang, Brynn N Akerberg, Qing Ma, Kai Li, Aibin He, Zhiqiang Lin, Sean M Stevens, Bin Zhou, William T Pu
Understanding the mechanisms that regulate cell type-specific transcriptional programs requires developing a lexicon of their genomic regulatory elements. We developed a lineage-selective method to map transcriptional enhancers, regulatory genomic regions that activate transcription, in mice. Since most tissue-specific enhancers are bound by the transcriptional co-activator Ep300, we used Cre-directed, lineage-specific Ep300 biotinylation and pulldown on immobilized streptavidin followed by next generation sequencing of co-precipitated DNA to identify lineage-specific enhancers...
January 25, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075608/sonographic-appearance-of-lesions-diagnosed-as-lobular-neoplasia-at-sonographically-guided-biopsies
#12
Romuald Ferré, Atilla Omeroglu, Benoît Mesurolle
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to review the sonographic features of breast lesions yielding lobular neoplasia (LN) at sonographically guided biopsy, evaluate the surgical pathology outcome of these lesions, and determine if imaging findings or clinical features can be used to predict an upgrade to malignancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Of the 8205 sonographically guided breast biopsies (14-gauge cores) performed from 2007 through 2014, 22 yielded a diagnosis of LN, which means that LN was the most severe pathologic lesion...
March 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069356/radiology-reports-what-you-think-you-re-saying-and-what-they-think-you-re-saying
#13
Bonmyong Lee, Matthew T Whitehead
BACKGROUND: Image interpretation and translation into written language is an imperfect process. Yet, the radiology report represents the link between radiologist's opinion and patient's images. Increased access to images through remote viewing stations has made direct communication between radiologists and clinicians less commonplace. We are interested in how accurately the descriptive contents within radiology reports convey the feelings of the radiologist to the referring clinician...
November 16, 2016: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068123/coreference-and-antecedent-representation-across-languages
#14
Sol Lago, Shayne Sloggett, Zoe Schlueter, Wing Yee Chow, Alexander Williams, Ellen Lau, Colin Phillips
Previous studies have shown that speakers of languages such as German, Spanish, and French reactivate the syntactic gender of the antecedent of a pronoun to license gender agreement. As syntactic gender is assumed to be stored in the lexicon, this has motivated the claim that pronouns in these languages reactivate the lexical entry of their antecedent noun. In contrast, in languages without syntactic gender such as English, lexical retrieval might be unnecessary. We used eye-tracking while reading to examine whether antecedent retrieval involves rapid semantic and phonological reactivation...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055850/an-end-to-end-trainable-neural-network-for-image-based-sequence-recognition-and-its-application-to-scene-text-recognition
#15
Baoguang Shi, Xiang Bai, Cong Yao
Image-based sequence recognition has been a long-standing research topic in computer vision. In this paper, we investigate the problem of scene text recognition, which is among the most important and challenging tasks in image-based sequence recognition. A novel neural network architecture, which integrates feature extraction, sequence modeling and transcription into a unified framework, is proposed. Compared with previous systems for scene text recognition, the proposed architecture possesses four distinctive properties: (1) It is end-to-end trainable, in contrast to most of the existing algorithms whose components are separately trained and tuned...
December 29, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052483/natural-language-processing-to-ascertain-two-key-variables-from-operative-reports-in-ophthalmology
#16
Liyan Liu, Neal H Shorstein, Laura B Amsden, Lisa J Herrinton
PURPOSE: Antibiotic prophylaxis is critical to ophthalmology and other surgical specialties. We performed natural language processing (NLP) of 743 838 operative notes recorded for 315 246 surgeries to ascertain two variables needed to study the comparative effectiveness of antibiotic prophylaxis in cataract surgery. The first key variable was an exposure variable, intracameral antibiotic injection. The second was an intraoperative complication, posterior capsular rupture (PCR), which functioned as a potential confounder...
January 3, 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050715/workflow-lexicons-in-healthcare-validation-of-the-swim-lexicon
#17
Chris Meenan, Bradley Erickson, Nancy Knight, Jewel Fossett, Elizabeth Olsen, Prerna Mohod, Joseph Chen, Steve G Langer
For clinical departments seeking to successfully navigate the challenges of modern health reform, obtaining access to operational and clinical data to establish and sustain goals for improving quality is essential. More broadly, health delivery organizations are also seeking to understand performance across multiple facilities and often across multiple electronic medical record (EMR) systems. Interpreting operational data across multiple vendor systems can be challenging, as various manufacturers may describe different departmental workflow steps in different ways and sometimes even within a single vendor's installed customer base...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039679/q2stress-a-database-for-multiple-cues-to-stress-assignment-in-italian
#18
Giacomo Spinelli, Simone Sulpizio, Cristina Burani
In languages where the position of lexical stress within a word is not predictable from print, readers rely on distributional information extracted from the lexicon in order to assign stress. Lexical databases are thus especially important for researchers willing to address stress assignment in those languages. Here we present Q2Stress, a new database aimed to fill the lack of such a resource for Italian. Q2Stress includes multiple cues readers may use in assigning stress, such as type and token frequency of stress patterns as well as their distribution with respect to number of syllables, grammatical category, word beginnings, word endings, and consonant-vowel structures...
December 30, 2016: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035626/psychology-is-not-primarily-empirical-science-a-comparison-of-cultures-in-the-lexical-hypothesis-tradition-as-a-failure-of-introspection
#19
Václav Linkov
A large part of psychology has become an empirical science that assumes that there might exist one set of research methods suitable for psychological research in all human cultures. Research questions, methods, and theories formulated from one cultural perspective are not thoroughly introspectively examined when being used in another cultural environment. This leads to research that answers questions that are not meaningful in such environments. Research coming from the lexical hypothesis tradition is given as an example...
December 29, 2016: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032308/the-effect-of-pinyin-input-experience-on-the-link-between-semantic-and-phonology-of-chinese-character-in-digital-writing
#20
Jingjun Chen, Rong Luo, Huashan Liu
With the development of ICT, digital writing is becoming much more common in people's life. Differently from keyboarding alphabets directly to input English words, keyboarding Chinese character is always through typing phonetic alphabets and then identify the glyph provided by Pinyin input-method software while in this process which do not need users to produce orthography spelling, thus it is different from traditional written language production model based on handwriting process. Much of the research in this domain has found that using Pinyin input method is beneficial to Chinese characters recognition, but only a small part explored the effects of individual's Pinyin input experience on the Chinese characters production process...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
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