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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075608/sonographic-appearance-of-lesions-diagnosed-as-lobular-neoplasia-at-sonographically-guided-biopsies
#1
Romuald Ferré, Atilla Omeroglu, Benoît Mesurolle
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to review the sonographic features of breast lesions yielding lobular neoplasia (LN) at sonographically guided biopsy, evaluate the surgical pathology outcome of these lesions, and determine if imaging findings or clinical features can be used to predict an upgrade to malignancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Of the 8205 sonographically guided breast biopsies (14-gauge cores) performed from 2007 through 2014, 22 yielded a diagnosis of LN, which means that LN was the most severe pathologic lesion...
January 11, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069356/radiology-reports-what-you-think-you-re-saying-and-what-they-think-you-re-saying
#2
Bonmyong Lee, Matthew T Whitehead
BACKGROUND: Image interpretation and translation into written language is an imperfect process. Yet, the radiology report represents the link between radiologist's opinion and patient's images. Increased access to images through remote viewing stations has made direct communication between radiologists and clinicians less commonplace. We are interested in how accurately the descriptive contents within radiology reports convey the feelings of the radiologist to the referring clinician...
November 16, 2016: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068123/coreference-and-antecedent-representation-across-languages
#3
Sol Lago, Shayne Sloggett, Zoe Schlueter, Wing Yee Chow, Alexander Williams, Ellen Lau, Colin Phillips
Previous studies have shown that speakers of languages such as German, Spanish, and French reactivate the syntactic gender of the antecedent of a pronoun to license gender agreement. As syntactic gender is assumed to be stored in the lexicon, this has motivated the claim that pronouns in these languages reactivate the lexical entry of their antecedent noun. In contrast, in languages without syntactic gender such as English, lexical retrieval might be unnecessary. We used eye-tracking while reading to examine whether antecedent retrieval involves rapid semantic and phonological reactivation...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055850/an-end-to-end-trainable-neural-network-for-image-based-sequence-recognition-and-its-application-to-scene-text-recognition
#4
Baoguang Shi, Xiang Bai, Cong Yao
Image-based sequence recognition has been a long-standing research topic in computer vision. In this paper, we investigate the problem of scene text recognition, which is among the most important and challenging tasks in image-based sequence recognition. A novel neural network architecture, which integrates feature extraction, sequence modeling and transcription into a unified framework, is proposed. Compared with previous systems for scene text recognition, the proposed architecture possesses four distinctive properties: (1) It is end-to-end trainable, in contrast to most of the existing algorithms whose components are separately trained and tuned...
December 29, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052483/natural-language-processing-to-ascertain-two-key-variables-from-operative-reports-in-ophthalmology
#5
Liyan Liu, Neal H Shorstein, Laura B Amsden, Lisa J Herrinton
PURPOSE: Antibiotic prophylaxis is critical to ophthalmology and other surgical specialties. We performed natural language processing (NLP) of 743 838 operative notes recorded for 315 246 surgeries to ascertain two variables needed to study the comparative effectiveness of antibiotic prophylaxis in cataract surgery. The first key variable was an exposure variable, intracameral antibiotic injection. The second was an intraoperative complication, posterior capsular rupture (PCR), which functioned as a potential confounder...
January 3, 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050715/workflow-lexicons-in-healthcare-validation-of-the-swim-lexicon
#6
Chris Meenan, Bradley Erickson, Nancy Knight, Jewel Fossett, Elizabeth Olsen, Prerna Mohod, Joseph Chen, Steve G Langer
For clinical departments seeking to successfully navigate the challenges of modern health reform, obtaining access to operational and clinical data to establish and sustain goals for improving quality is essential. More broadly, health delivery organizations are also seeking to understand performance across multiple facilities and often across multiple electronic medical record (EMR) systems. Interpreting operational data across multiple vendor systems can be challenging, as various manufacturers may describe different departmental workflow steps in different ways and sometimes even within a single vendor's installed customer base...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039679/q2stress-a-database-for-multiple-cues-to-stress-assignment-in-italian
#7
Giacomo Spinelli, Simone Sulpizio, Cristina Burani
In languages where the position of lexical stress within a word is not predictable from print, readers rely on distributional information extracted from the lexicon in order to assign stress. Lexical databases are thus especially important for researchers willing to address stress assignment in those languages. Here we present Q2Stress, a new database aimed to fill the lack of such a resource for Italian. Q2Stress includes multiple cues readers may use in assigning stress, such as type and token frequency of stress patterns as well as their distribution with respect to number of syllables, grammatical category, word beginnings, word endings, and consonant-vowel structures...
December 30, 2016: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035626/psychology-is-not-primarily-empirical-science-a-comparison-of-cultures-in-the-lexical-hypothesis-tradition-as-a-failure-of-introspection
#8
Václav Linkov
A large part of psychology has become an empirical science that assumes that there might exist one set of research methods suitable for psychological research in all human cultures. Research questions, methods, and theories formulated from one cultural perspective are not thoroughly introspectively examined when being used in another cultural environment. This leads to research that answers questions that are not meaningful in such environments. Research coming from the lexical hypothesis tradition is given as an example...
December 29, 2016: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032308/the-effect-of-pinyin-input-experience-on-the-link-between-semantic-and-phonology-of-chinese-character-in-digital-writing
#9
Jingjun Chen, Rong Luo, Huashan Liu
With the development of ICT, digital writing is becoming much more common in people's life. Differently from keyboarding alphabets directly to input English words, keyboarding Chinese character is always through typing phonetic alphabets and then identify the glyph provided by Pinyin input-method software while in this process which do not need users to produce orthography spelling, thus it is different from traditional written language production model based on handwriting process. Much of the research in this domain has found that using Pinyin input method is beneficial to Chinese characters recognition, but only a small part explored the effects of individual's Pinyin input experience on the Chinese characters production process...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027751/a-matrix-of-morphology-and-distribution-of-calcifications-in-the-breast-analysis-of-849-vacuum-assisted-biopsies
#10
Benjamin Kaltenbach, Volker Brandenbusch, Volker Möbus, Gerhard Mall, Stephan Falk, Marcus van den Bergh, Frauke Chevalier, Markus Müller-Schimpfle
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this retrospective analysis was to evaluate the likelihood of malignancy in prospectively categorized BI-RADS 4 and BI-RADS 5 calcifications. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This analysis included 849 women who underwent vacuum biopsy for BI-RADS 4 (with the subgroups 4A, 4B and 4C) or BI-RADS 5 calcifications between February 2007 and May 2015. Calcifications were classified according to the morphology and distribution descriptors of the BI-RADS lexicon (BI-RADS 4th edition lexicon)...
January 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995197/eus-guided-biliary-drainage-or-enteroscopy-assisted-ercp-in-patients-with-surgical-anatomy-and-biliary-obstruction-an-international-comparative-study
#11
Mouen A Khashab, Mohamad H El Zein, Kaveh Sharzehi, Fernando P Marson, Oleh Haluszka, Aaron J Small, Yousuke Nakai, Do Hyun Park, Rastislav Kunda, Anthony Y Teoh, Irene Peñas, Manuel Perez-Miranda, Vivek Kumbhari, Schalk Van der Merwe, Everson L Artifon, Andrew S Ross
Background and study aims: How enteroscopy-assisted ERCP (e-ERCP) and endoscopic ultrasound-guided biliary drainage (EUS-BD) compare in patients with surgically altered upper gastrointestinal anatomy is currently unknown. The aims of this study were to compare efficacy and safety of both techniques and study predictors of these outcomes. Patients and methods: This was an international, multicenter comparative cohort study at 10 tertiary centers. Outcomes data included technical success (biliary access with cholangiography and stent placement [when indicated]), clinical success (resolution of biliary obstruction) and adverse events (AEs) (graded according to the ASGE lexicon)...
December 2016: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960004/vocabulary-development-in-european-portuguese-a-replication-study-using-the-language-development-survey
#12
Leslie Rescorla, Josephine Nyame, Pedro Dias
Purpose: Our objective was to replicate previous cross-linguistic findings by comparing Portuguese and U.S. children with respect to (a) effects of language, gender, and age on vocabulary size; (b) lexical composition; and (c) late talking. Method: We used the Language Development Survey (LDS; Rescorla, 1989) with children (18-35 months) learning European Portuguese (n = 181) and English (n = 206). Results: In both languages, girls had higher vocabulary scores than boys and vocabulary scores increased with age...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956731/practical-and-illustrated-summary-of-updated-bi-rads-for-ultrasonography
#13
Jiyon Lee
The American College of Radiology released the fifth edition of the Breast Imaging-Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) in 2014 (copyright 2013), which includes the expanded second edition of the ultrasound BI-RADS lexicon. This review provides a practical summary of the updated lexicon, including selective illustrations with original clinical images, a discussion of overarching concepts, and examples of current clinical applications.
January 2017: Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929336/absence-of-sublexical-representations-in-late-learning-signers-a-statistical-critique-of-lieberman-et-al-2015
#14
Anne Pier Salverda
Lieberman, Borovsky, Hatrak, and Mayberry (2015) used a modified version of the visual-world paradigm to examine the real-time processing of signs in American Sign Language. They examined the activation of phonological and semantic competitors in native signers and late-learning signers and concluded that their results provide evidence that the mental lexicon of late learners is organized differently from that of native signers. In particular, they claimed that late-learning signers, in contrast to native signers, do not activate phonological competitors during the real-time recognition of spoken words...
December 2016: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920631/invasive-lobular-carcinoma-of-the-breast-appearance-on-digital-breast-tomosynthesis
#15
Ahuva Grubstein, Yael Rapson, Sara Morgenstern, Itai Gadiel, Amit Haboosheh, Rinat Yerushalmi, Maya Cohen
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to characterize the signs of invasive lobular carcinoma of the breast on digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) imaging. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study group included 23 women with pathologically proven invasive lobular carcinoma of the breast for whom both digital mammography (DM) and DBT images were available. The images were read jointly by 2 experienced breast radiologists. Findings were recorded according to the descriptors in the Breast Imaging and Reporting Data System lexicon and correlated with the detailed pathology results...
October 2016: Breast Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917139/the-source-of-the-symbolic-numerical-distance-and-size-effects
#16
Attila Krajcsi, Gábor Lengyel, Petia Kojouharova
Human number understanding is thought to rely on the analog number system (ANS), working according to Weber's law. We propose an alternative account, suggesting that symbolic mathematical knowledge is based on a discrete semantic system (DSS), a representation that stores values in a semantic network, similar to the mental lexicon or to a conceptual network. Here, focusing on the phenomena of numerical distance and size effects in comparison tasks, first we discuss how a DSS model could explain these numerical effects...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917133/the-salience-of-complex-words-and-their-parts-which-comes-first
#17
REVIEW
Hélène Giraudo, Serena Dal Maso
This paper deals with the impact of the salience of complex words and their constituent parts on lexical access. While almost 40 years of psycholinguistic studies have focused on the relevance of morphological structure for word recognition, little attention has been devoted to the relationship between the word as a whole unit and its constituent morphemes. Depending on the theoretical approach adopted, complex words have been seen either in the light of their paradigmatic environment (i.e., from a paradigmatic view), or in terms of their internal structure (i...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913156/the-oral-spelling-profile-of-posterior-cortical-atrophy-and-the-nature-of-the-graphemic-representation
#18
Silvia Primativo, Keir X X Yong, Timothy J Shakespeare, Sebastian J Crutch
Spelling is a complex cognitive task where central and peripheral components are involved in engaging resources from many different cognitive processes. The present paper aims to both characterize the oral spelling deficit in a population of patients affected by a neurodegenerative condition and to clarify the nature of the graphemic representation within the currently available spelling models. Indeed, the nature of graphemic representation as a linear or multi-componential structure is still debated. Different hypotheses have been raised about its nature in the orthographic lexicon, with one positing that graphemes are complex objects whereby quantity and identity are separately represented in orthographic representations and can thus be selectively impaired...
January 8, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900194/chair-based-fidgeting-and-energy-expenditure
#19
Gabriel A Koepp, Graham K Moore, James A Levine
INTRODUCTION: Sedentariness is associated with chronic health conditions, impaired cognitive function and obesity. Work contributes significantly to sedentariness because many work tasks necessitate sitting. Few sustained solutions exist to reverse workplace sedentariness. Here, we evaluated a chair and an under-table device that were designed to promote fidgeting while seated. Our hypothesis was that an under-table leg-fidget bar and/or a fidget-promoting chair significantly increased energy expenditure...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888230/toxreporter-viewing-the-genome-through-the-eyes-of-a-toxicologist
#20
Mark Gosink
One of the many roles of a toxicologist is to determine if an observed adverse event (AE) is related to a previously unrecognized function of a given gene/protein. Towards that end, he or she will search a variety of public and propriety databases for information linking that protein to the observed AE. However, these databases tend to present all available information about a protein, which can be overwhelming, limiting the ability to find information about the specific toxicity being investigated. ToxReporter compiles information from a broad selection of resources and limits display of the information to user-selected areas of interest...
2016: Database: the Journal of Biological Databases and Curation
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