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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920631/invasive-lobular-carcinoma-of-the-breast-appearance-on-digital-breast-tomosynthesis
#1
Ahuva Grubstein, Yael Rapson, Sara Morgenstern, Itai Gadiel, Amit Haboosheh, Rinat Yerushalmi, Maya Cohen
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to characterize the signs of invasive lobular carcinoma of the breast on digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) imaging. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study group included 23 women with pathologically proven invasive lobular carcinoma of the breast for whom both digital mammography (DM) and DBT images were available. The images were read jointly by 2 experienced breast radiologists. Findings were recorded according to the descriptors in the Breast Imaging and Reporting Data System lexicon and correlated with the detailed pathology results...
October 2016: Breast Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917139/the-source-of-the-symbolic-numerical-distance-and-size-effects
#2
Attila Krajcsi, Gábor Lengyel, Petia Kojouharova
Human number understanding is thought to rely on the analog number system (ANS), working according to Weber's law. We propose an alternative account, suggesting that symbolic mathematical knowledge is based on a discrete semantic system (DSS), a representation that stores values in a semantic network, similar to the mental lexicon or to a conceptual network. Here, focusing on the phenomena of numerical distance and size effects in comparison tasks, first we discuss how a DSS model could explain these numerical effects...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917133/the-salience-of-complex-words-and-their-parts-which-comes-first
#3
REVIEW
Hélène Giraudo, Serena Dal Maso
This paper deals with the impact of the salience of complex words and their constituent parts on lexical access. While almost 40 years of psycholinguistic studies have focused on the relevance of morphological structure for word recognition, little attention has been devoted to the relationship between the word as a whole unit and its constituent morphemes. Depending on the theoretical approach adopted, complex words have been seen either in the light of their paradigmatic environment (i.e., from a paradigmatic view), or in terms of their internal structure (i...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913156/the-oral-spelling-profile-of-posterior-cortical-atrophy-and-the-nature-of-the-graphemic-representation
#4
Silvia Primativo, Keir X X Yong, Timothy J Shakespeare, Sebastian J Crutch
Spelling is a complex cognitive task where central and peripheral components are involved in engaging resources from many different cognitive processes. The present paper aims to both characterize the oral spelling deficit in a population of patients affected by a neurodegenerative condition and to clarify the nature of the graphemic representation within the currently available spelling models. Indeed, the nature of graphemic representation as a linear or multi-componential structure is still debated. Different hypotheses have been raised about its nature in the orthographic lexicon, with one positing that graphemes are complex objects whereby quantity and identity are separately represented in orthographic representations and can thus be selectively impaired...
November 29, 2016: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900194/chair-based-fidgeting-and-energy-expenditure
#5
Gabriel A Koepp, Graham K Moore, James A Levine
INTRODUCTION: Sedentariness is associated with chronic health conditions, impaired cognitive function and obesity. Work contributes significantly to sedentariness because many work tasks necessitate sitting. Few sustained solutions exist to reverse workplace sedentariness. Here, we evaluated a chair and an under-table device that were designed to promote fidgeting while seated. Our hypothesis was that an under-table leg-fidget bar and/or a fidget-promoting chair significantly increased energy expenditure...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888230/toxreporter-viewing-the-genome-through-the-eyes-of-a-toxicologist
#6
Mark Gosink
One of the many roles of a toxicologist is to determine if an observed adverse event (AE) is related to a previously unrecognized function of a given gene/protein. Towards that end, he or she will search a variety of public and propriety databases for information linking that protein to the observed AE. However, these databases tend to present all available information about a protein, which can be overwhelming, limiting the ability to find information about the specific toxicity being investigated. ToxReporter compiles information from a broad selection of resources and limits display of the information to user-selected areas of interest...
2016: Database: the Journal of Biological Databases and Curation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862241/wordform-similarity-increases-with-semantic-similarity-an-analysis-of-100-languages
#7
Isabelle Dautriche, Kyle Mahowald, Edward Gibson, Steven T Piantadosi
Although the mapping between form and meaning is often regarded as arbitrary, there are in fact well-known constraints on words which are the result of functional pressures associated with language use and its acquisition. In particular, languages have been shown to encode meaning distinctions in their sound properties, which may be important for language learning. Here, we investigate the relationship between semantic distance and phonological distance in the large-scale structure of the lexicon. We show evidence in 100 languages from a diverse array of language families that more semantically similar word pairs are also more phonologically similar...
November 10, 2016: Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861864/using-single-free-sorting-and-multivariate-exploratory-methods-to-design-a-new-coffee-taster-s-flavor-wheel
#8
Molly Spencer, Emma Sage, Martin Velez, Jean-Xavier Guinard
The original Coffee Taster's Flavor Wheel was developed by the Specialty Coffee Assn. of America over 20 y ago, and needed an innovative revision. This study used a novel application of traditional sensory and statistical methods in order to reorganize the new coffee Sensory Lexicon developed by World Coffee Research and Kansas State Univ. into scientifically valid clusters and levels to prepare a new, updated flavor wheel. Seventy-two experts participated in a modified online rapid free sorting activity (no tasting) to sort flavor attributes of the lexicon...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859008/what-paves-the-way-to-conventional-language-the-predictive-value-of-babble-pointing-and-socioeconomic-status
#9
Michelle McGillion, Jane S Herbert, Julian Pine, Marilyn Vihman, Rory dePaolis, Tamar Keren-Portnoy, Danielle Matthews
A child's first words mark the emergence of a uniquely human ability. Theories of the developmental steps that pave the way for word production have proposed that either vocal or gestural precursors are key. These accounts were tested by assessing the developmental synchrony in the onset of babbling, pointing, and word production for 46 infants observed monthly between the ages of 9 and 18 months. Babbling and pointing did not develop in tight synchrony and babble onset alone predicted first words. Pointing and maternal education emerged as predictors of lexical knowledge only in relation to a measure taken at 18 months...
November 10, 2016: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857701/processing-and-representation-of-ambiguous-words-in-chinese-reading-evidence-from-eye-movements
#10
Wei Shen, Xingshan Li
In the current study, we used eye tracking to investigate whether senses of polysemous words and meanings of homonymous words are represented and processed similarly or differently in Chinese reading. Readers read sentences containing target words which was either homonymous words or polysemous words. The contexts of text preceding the target words were manipulated to bias the participants toward reading the ambiguous words according to their dominant, subordinate, or neutral meanings. Similarly, disambiguating regions following the target words were also manipulated to favor either the dominant or subordinate meanings of ambiguous words...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856005/mobile-universal-lexicon-evaluation-system-mules-test-a-new-measure-of-rapid-picture-naming-for-concussion
#11
Lucy Cobbs, Lisena Hasanaj, Prin Amorapanth, John-Ross Rizzo, Rachel Nolan, Liliana Serrano, Jenelle Raynowska, Janet C Rucker, Barry D Jordan, Steven L Galetta, Laura J Balcer
OBJECTIVE: This study introduces a rapid picture naming test, the Mobile Universal Lexicon Evaluation System (MULES), as a novel, vision-based performance measure for concussion screening. The MULES is a visual-verbal task that includes 54 original photographs of fruits, objects and animals. We piloted MULES in a cohort of volunteers to determine feasibility, ranges of picture naming responses, and the relation of MULES time scores to those of King-Devick (K-D), a rapid number naming test...
November 4, 2016: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853492/variability-in-observer-performance-between-faculty-members-and-residents-using-breast-imaging-reporting-and-data-system-bi-rads-ultrasound-fifth-edition-2013
#12
Youn Joo Lee, So Young Choi, Kyu Sun Kim, Po Song Yang
BACKGROUND: Ultrasonography (US) is a useful tool for breast imaging, yet is highly operator-dependent. OBJECTIVES: We evaluated inter-observer variability and performance discrepancies between faculty members and radiology residents when describing breast lesions, by the fifth edition of breast imaging reporting and data system (BI-RADS)-US lexicon, and then attempted to identify whether inter-observer variability could be improved after one education session. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In total, 50 malignant lesions and 70 benign lesions were considered in our retrospective study...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Radiology: a Quarterly Journal Published By the Iranian Radiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853486/magnetic-resonance-imaging-features-of-idiopathic-granulomatous-mastitis-a-retrospective-analysis
#13
Necdet Poyraz, Ganime Dilek Emlik, Abdussamet Batur, Ebubekir Gundes, Suat Keskin
BACKGROUND: Granulomatous mastitis is a rare and benign inflammatory breast disease that may clinically and radiologically mimic breast cancer. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the features of idiopathic granulomatous mastitis (IGM) on breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with mammographic and sonographic findings. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted on 20 patients with IGM who had been diagnosed by needle core or excisional biopsy at a single institution between 2006 and 2012...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Radiology: a Quarterly Journal Published By the Iranian Radiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846225/determining-fuzzy-membership-for-sentiment-classification-a-three-layer-sentiment-propagation-model
#14
Chuanjun Zhao, Suge Wang, Deyu Li
Enormous quantities of review documents exist in forums, blogs, twitter accounts, and shopping web sites. Analysis of the sentiment information hidden in these review documents is very useful for consumers and manufacturers. The sentiment orientation and sentiment intensity of a review can be described in more detail by using a sentiment score than by using bipolar sentiment polarity. Existing methods for calculating review sentiment scores frequently use a sentiment lexicon or the locations of features in a sentence, a paragraph, and a document...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835785/is-the-l2-lexicon-different-from-the-l1-lexicon-evidence-from-novel-word-lexicalization
#15
Xiaomei Qiao, Kenneth I Forster
Studies on the representation of newly learned words in the native language show that after repeated sessions of learning, novel words produce less form priming than nonwords when they are used as primes in a masked priming experiment. This suggests that the newly learned words have established lexical representations, and therefore start to behave more like real words than nonwords (Qiao & Forster, 2013). Since adult language learning normally happens in a foreign language context rather than in the native language context, it is important to see whether similar results could be obtained if bilingual subjects were taught novel words in their second language (L2) rather than their first language (L1)...
November 8, 2016: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834024/eus-guided-gastroenterostomy-is-comparable-to-enteral-stenting-with-fewer-re-interventions-in-malignant-gastric-outlet-obstruction
#16
Yen-I Chen, Takao Itoi, Todd H Baron, Jose Nieto, Yamile Haito-Chavez, Ian S Grimm, Amr Ismail, Saowanee Ngamruenphong, Majidah Bukhari, Gulara Hajiyeva, Ahmad S Alawad, Vivek Kumbhari, Mouen A Khashab
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Endoscopic enteral stenting (ES) in malignant gastric outlet obstruction (GOO) is limited by high rates of stent obstruction. EUS-guided gastroenterostomy (EUS-GE) is a novel procedure that potentially offers sustained patency without tumor ingrowth/overgrowth. The aim of this study is to compare EUS-GE with ES in terms of (1) symptom recurrence and need for re-intervention, (2) technical success (proper stent positioning as determined via endoscopy and fluoroscopy), (3) clinical success (ability to tolerate oral intake without vomiting), and (4) procedure-related adverse events (AEs)...
November 10, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822520/getting-the-hologenome-concept-right-an-eco-evolutionary-framework-for-hosts-and-their-microbiomes
#17
Kevin R Theis, Nolwenn M Dheilly, Jonathan L Klassen, Robert M Brucker, John F Baines, Thomas C G Bosch, John F Cryan, Scott F Gilbert, Charles J Goodnight, Elisabeth A Lloyd, Jan Sapp, Philippe Vandenkoornhuyse, Ilana Zilber-Rosenberg, Eugene Rosenberg, Seth R Bordenstein
Given the complexity of host-microbiota symbioses, scientists and philosophers are asking questions at new biological levels of hierarchical organization-what is a holobiont and hologenome? When should this vocabulary be applied? Are these concepts a null hypothesis for host-microbe systems or limited to a certain spectrum of symbiotic interactions such as host-microbial coevolution? Critical discourse is necessary in this nascent area, but productive discourse requires that skeptics and proponents use the same lexicon...
March 2016: MSystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815054/reliability-of-the-bi-rads-final-assessment-categories-and-management-recommendations-in%C3%A2-a-telemammography-context
#18
Antonio J Salazar, Javier A Romero, Oscar A Bernal, Angela P Moreno, Sofía C Velasco
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the intradevice and interdevice reliability of four alternatives for telemammography-computed radiography, printed film, a film digitizer, and a digital camera-in terms of interpretation agreement when using the BI-RADS(®) lexicon. METHODS: The ethics committee of the authors' institution approved this retrospective study. A factorial design with repeated measures with 1,960 interpretations was used (70 patients, seven radiologists, and four devices)...
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777215/-when-bad-is-good-identifying-personal-communication-and-sentiment-in-drug-related-tweets
#19
Raminta Daniulaityte, Lu Chen, Francois R Lamy, Robert G Carlson, Krishnaprasad Thirunarayan, Amit Sheth
BACKGROUND: To harness the full potential of social media for epidemiological surveillance of drug abuse trends, the field needs a greater level of automation in processing and analyzing social media content. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study is to describe the development of supervised machine-learning techniques for the eDrugTrends platform to automatically classify tweets by type/source of communication (personal, official/media, retail) and sentiment (positive, negative, neutral) expressed in cannabis- and synthetic cannabinoid-related tweets...
October 24, 2016: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761121/iconic-native-culture-cues-inhibit-second-language-production-in-a-non-immigrant-population-evidence-from-bengali-english-bilinguals
#20
Kesaban S Roychoudhuri, Seema G Prasad, Ramesh K Mishra
We examined if iconic pictures belonging to one's native culture interfere with second language production in bilinguals in an object naming task. Bengali-English bilinguals named pictures in both L1 and L2 against iconic cultural images representing Bengali culture or neutral images. Participants named in both "Blocked" and "Mixed" language conditions. In both conditions, participants were significantly slower in naming in English when the background was an iconic Bengali culture picture than a neutral image...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
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