Read by QxMD icon Read

Critical care surgery

Fauzia A Khan, Alan F Merry
The safety of anesthesia characteristic of high-income countries today is not matched in low-resource settings with poor infrastructure, shortages of anesthesia providers, essential drugs, equipment, and supplies. Health care is delivered through complex systems. Achieving sustainable widespread improvement globally will require an understanding of how to influence such systems. Health outcomes depend not only on a country's income, but also on how resources are allocated, and both vary substantially, between and within countries...
April 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Ganbold Lundeg, Amanda Baric, David C Pescod, Keith Pescod
Anesthesia in Mongolia has undergone a period of major development over the past 17 years, thanks to the work of the Mongolian Society of Anesthesiologists (MSA) and the support of the World Federation of Societies of Anaesthesiologists and the Australian Society of Anaesthetists. The specialty has made major advances in training and in its standing among medical specialties in Mongolia. The MSA has produced members who are leaders in the development of anesthesia as well as emergency medicine and critical care...
April 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Purva Sharma, Yash Jobanputra, Karen Lewin, Stuart Bagatell, Daniel Lichtstein
BACKGROUND: Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a serious complication of diabetes seen commonly in autoimmune Type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM), however patients with Type 2 diabetes are also at risk. Diabetic ketoacidosis may be precipitated by the catabolic stress of acute illness such as trauma, surgery, or infections. Recent studies have suggested that sodium glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors precipitate DKA in Type 2 diabetes. We present a case series of four patients on SGLT-2 inhibitors who presented with DKA...
March 13, 2018: Reviews on Recent Clinical Trials
Wesley F Kim, Thomas Sonnanstine
BACKGROUND: Despite effectively treating obesity and its comorbidities, only a fraction of the growing obese population is evaluated for bariatric surgery. Aside from barriers including resources and social support, patients report personal experience with friends and relatives suffering poor outcomes after bariatric surgery. Rates of mortality, leaks, and strictures have decreased over the past 20 years, but few instances of gross surgeon error have been reported in the literature. Our objective is to report and demonstrate the revision of a critically shortened Roux limb in a patient with chronic nausea and dysphagia found to have a 15-cm Roux limb and briefly discuss its implications...
March 14, 2018: Obesity Surgery
Edmund Burke, Sanjeev A Datar
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The essential role of the lymphatic system in fluid homeostasis, nutrient transport, and immune trafficking is well recognized; however, there is limited understanding of the mechanisms that regulate lymphatic function, particularly in the setting of critical illness. The lymphatics likely affect disease severity and progression in every condition, from severe systemic inflammatory states to respiratory failure. Here, we review structural and functional disorders of the lymphatic system, both congenital and acquired, as they relate to care of the pediatric patient in the intensive care setting, including novel areas of research into medical and procedural therapeutic interventions...
March 13, 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
Erica Sood, Allison Karpyn, Abigail C Demianczyk, Jennie Ryan, Emily A Delaplane, Trent Neely, Aisha H Frazier, Anne E Kazak
OBJECTIVE: To inform pediatric critical care practice by examining how mothers and fathers experience the stress of caring for a young child with congenital heart disease and use hospital and community supports. DESIGN: Qualitative study of mothers and fathers of young children with congenital heart disease. SETTING: Tertiary care pediatric hospital in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States. SUBJECTS: Thirty-four parents (20 mothers, 14 fathers) from diverse backgrounds whose child previously underwent cardiac surgery during infancy...
March 10, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Jessica A Zaman, Tejender Paul Singh
Though laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) was highly criticized in its early stages, it quickly grew to become a new standard of care and has revolutionized the field of general surgery. Now emerging robotic technology is making its way into the minimally invasive arena. Robotic cholecystectomy (RC) is often disparaged as a costly technology that can lead to increased operative times with outcomes that are quite similar to LC. However, this perspective is skewed as many existing studies were performed in the early phase of learning for this procedure...
February 2018: Hepatobiliary Surgery and Nutrition
Jeffrey J Pasternak, William L Lanier
We provide a synopsis of innovative research, recurring themes, and novel experimental findings pertinent to the care of neurosurgical patients and critically ill patients with neurological diseases. We cover the following broad topics: general neurosurgery, spine surgery, stroke, traumatic brain injury, monitoring, and anesthetic neurotoxicity.
April 2018: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
Gonzalo Vitagliano, Leandro Blas, Maximiliano Ringa, Nicolás Villasante, Hernando Ríos-Pita, Carlos Alberto Ameri
OBJECTIVE: Kidney tumors represent 2- 3% of adult tumors. Partial nephrectomy is the standard of care for the treatment of localized tumors. Minimizing ischemia time is critical for postoperative renal function. The aim of this paper is to present our experience in laparoscopic partial nephrectomy with selective renal parenchymal compression using the Simon clamp. METHODS: We analyzed the record of patients that underwent surgery for renal tumors between January 2011 and June 2016 at our institution...
March 2018: Archivos Españoles de Urología
Rafael Uña Orejón, Estrella Mateo Torres, Iván Huercio Martínez, Cristina Jofré Escudero, Juan Gómez Rivas, Jesús Díez Sebastián, Maria Prado Ureta Tolsada
OBJECTIVE: The enhanced recovery after surgery program (ERAS) has become the base of perioperative management in various surgical specialties. However, limited data are available for radical cystectomy. METHODS: We have analyzed 124 patients undergoing radical cystectomy. For retrospective analysis, the patients were divided into two groups:Group A (n=72) included patients whose surgery was performed before the introduction of the ERAS protocol; and Group B (n=52) included patients who were treated following the items included in the ERAS protocol...
March 2018: Archivos Españoles de Urología
P Maxwell Courtney, Michael E West, William J Hozack
BACKGROUND: With recent healthcare reform efforts focusing on rewarding value instead of volume, it has become important for orthopedic surgeons to partner and align with their hospitals. We report our experience in aligning clinical and financial incentives with 6 health systems in our geographic area. METHODS: By managing the entire episode-of-care continuum for total hip and total knee arthroplasty patients, our standardized, evidence-based protocols have improved the quality of care for our joint arthroplasty patients...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
Wolf B Kratzert, Eva K Boyd, Johanna C Schwarzenberger
Survival of adults with congenital heart disease (CHD) has improved significantly over the last 2 decades, leading to an increase in hospital and intensive care unit (ICU) admissions of these patients. Whereas most of the ICU admissions in the past were related to perioperative management, the incidence of medical emergencies from long-term sequelae of palliative or corrective surgical treatment of these patients is rising. Intensivists now are confronted with patients who not only have complex anatomy after congenital cardiac surgery, but also complex pathophysiology due to decades of living with abnormal cardiac anatomy and diseases of advanced age...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Erica B Ricker, Haydar A S Aljaafari, Trigg M Bader, Bryce S Hundley, Eric Nuxoll
Biofilms on implanted medical devices cause thousands of patients each year to undergo multiple surgeries to remove and replace the implant, driving billions of dollars in increased health care costs due to the lack of viable treatment options for in situ biofilm eradication. Remotely activated localised heating is under investigation to mitigate these biofilms; however, little is known about the temperatures required to kill the biofilms. To better understand the required parameters this study investigated the thermal susceptibility of biofilms as a function of their fluidic and chemical environment during growth, as well as their propensity for regrowth following thermal shock...
March 2018: International Journal of Hyperthermia
Ally Ha, Carly Richards, Erik Criman, Jillian Piaggione, Christopher Yheulon, Robert Lim
BACKGROUND: Surgical energy injuries are an underappreciated phenomenon. Improper use of surgical energy or poor attention to patient safety can result in operating room fires, tissue injuries, and interferences with other electronic devices, while rare complications can be devastatingly severe. Despite this, there is no current standard requirement for educating surgeons on the safe use of energy-based devices or evaluation of electrosurgery (ES) education in residency training, credentialing, or practice...
March 1, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
Mihai Mareș, Valentina Ruxandra Moroti-Constantinescu, David W Denning
OBJECTIVE: To estimate for the first time the burden of fungal infections in Romania. METHODS: Data derived from the World Health Organization (WHO), National Institute of Statistics, Romanian public health agencies and non-profit health organizations, and published annual reports on local epidemiology were used in the present study. When no data were available, specific at-risk populations were used to calculate frequencies of serious fungal diseases, using previously published epidemiological parameters...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
Ping Yan, Yi Yang, Li Zhang, Fuye Li, Amei Huang, Yanan Wang, Yali Dai, Hua Yao
We aim to analyze the correlated influential factors between work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) and nursing practice environment and quality of life and social support.From January 2015 to October 2015, cluster sampling was performed on the nurses from 12 hospitals in the 6 areas in Xinjiang. The questionnaires including the modified Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire, Practice Environment Scale (PES), the Mos 36-item Short Form Health Survey, and Social Support Rating Scale were used to investigate...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Meredith Merz Lind, Marco Corridore, Cameron Sheehan, Melissa Moore-Clingenpeel, Tensing Maa
Objective To design and assess an advanced pediatric airway management course, through simulation-based team training and with multiple disciplines, to emphasize communication and cooperation across subspecialties and to provide a common skill set and knowledge base. Methods Trainees from anesthesiology, emergency medicine, critical care, pediatric surgery, and otolaryngology at a tertiary children's hospital participated in a 1-day workshop emphasizing airway skills and complex airway simulations. Small groups were multidisciplinary to promote teamwork...
February 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Dorota Radkowiak, Anna Zychowicz, Anna Lasek, Michał Wysocki, Piotr Major, Michał Pędziwiatr, Piotr Budzyński, Jan Kulawik, Andrzej Budzyński
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic splenectomy (LS) has become the gold standard in elective spleen surgery. Although it is considered relatively safe, treatment results vary depending on a hospital's profile and the experience of the surgeon and center. We would like to present experience of a high-volume referral center with minimally invasive operations of the spleen. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The retrospective cohort study included consecutive patients undergoing laparoscopic splenectomy in tertiary referral surgical center in 1998-2017...
February 23, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
Jason M Weissler, Brian L Chang, Martin J Carney, David Rengifo, Charles A Messa, David B Sarwer, Ivona Percec
The landscape of gender dysphoria has changed dramatically in recent years secondary to increased societal acceptance, legislative changes, and medical providers' increased awareness of the associated psychosocial burden associated with the diagnosis. National and global advocacy efforts, in conjunction with expanded third-party insurance coverage, have resulted in new health care opportunities for patients suffering from gender dysphoria. Delivering quality, streamlined health care to these patients requires a complex multidisciplinary approach, involving multiple medical and mental health disciplines, including plastic surgeons...
March 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Nagy Mekhail, Ogi Visnjevac, Gerges Azer, Diana Sue Mehanny, Priya Agrawal, Victor Foorsov
To assess the efficacy of spinal cord stimulation (SCS) for each indication, one must critically assess each specific clinical outcome to identify outcomes that benefit from SCS therapy. To date, a comprehensive review of clinically relevant outcome-specific evidence regarding SCS has not been published. We aimed to assess all randomized controlled trials from the world literature for the purpose of evaluating the clinical outcome-specific efficacy of SCS for the following outcomes: perceived pain relief or change pain score, quality of life, functional status, psychological impact, analgesic medication utilization, patient satisfaction, and health care cost and utilization...
February 23, 2018: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"