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Near-infrared spectroscopy

Andreas Gösele-Koppenburg
Chronic compartment syndromes are a rare, but frequently overlooked cause of pain in the locomotor system. Their aetiology is still not fully elucidated. There is an imbalance of muscle volume and space in the compartment. Thickening of the fascia and decreased elasticity lead to a pathological increase in pressure in the compartment under load. Chronic compartment syndromes are found in the foot, lower leg, thigh, forearm, hand, and even the spine. Bilateral compartment syndromes are very common (80 %). The main symptoms are pain in the compartment under physical activity...
March 2018: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
Noriko Numata, Yoshiyuki Hirano, Chihiro Sutoh, Daisuke Matsuzawa, Kotaro Takeda, Rikukage Setsu, Eiji Shimizu, Michiko Nakazato
PURPOSE: This study sought to identify the prefrontal cortex hemodynamic response that is dependent on cognitive performance in patients with bulimic disorders (BD), and investigate its association with personality characteristics. METHODS: Nineteen female patients with BD and 23 healthy women were recruited. Their personality characteristics related to eating disorders were examined using a self-reporting questionnaire, namely the eating disorder inventory-2 (EDI-2)...
March 20, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Pei-Pei Sun, Fu-Lun Tan, Zong Zhang, Yi-Han Jiang, Yang Zhao, Chao-Zhe Zhu
The mirror neuron system (MNS), mainly including the premotor cortex (PMC), inferior frontal gyrus (IFG), superior parietal lobule (SPL), and rostral inferior parietal lobule (IPL), has attracted extensive attention as a possible neural mechanism of social interaction. Owing to high ecological validity, functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) has become an ideal approach for exploring the MNS. Unfortunately, for the feasibility of fNIRS to detect the MNS, none of the four dominant regions were found in previous studies, implying a very limited capacity of fNIRS to investigate the MNS...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Shijing Wu, Jun Li, Lantian Gao, Changshui Chen, Sailing He
Hemodynamic response to motor execution (ME) and motor imagery (MI) was investigated using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS). We used a 31 channel fNIRS system which allows non-invasive monitoring of cerebral oxygenation changes induced by cortical activation. Sixteen healthy subjects (mean-age 24.5 yeas) were recruited and the changes in concentration of hemoglobin were examined during right and left hand finger tapping tasks and kinesthetic MI. To suppress the systemic physiological interference, we developed a preprocessing procedure which prevents over-activated reporting in NIRS-SPM...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Olivier Nardi, Elizabeth Zavala, Claude Martin, Serafim Nanas, Thomas Scheeren, Andrea Polito, Xavi Borrat, Djillali Annane
OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of the ratio of oxyhaemoglobin to total haemoglobin in skeletal muscle (StO2 ) using near-infrared spectroscopy may aid in the monitoring of patients with sepsis. This study assessed the benefits and risks of targeting StO2 in adults with severe sepsis or septic shock. DESIGN: A European randomised controlled trial was performed on two parallel groups. SETTING: Five intensive care units (ICU) in France, Greece, Spain and Germany were used for the study...
March 19, 2018: BMJ Open
Ryan Rosenberry, Susie Chung, Michael D Nelson
Exercise represents a major hemodynamic stress that demands a highly coordinated neurovascular response in order to match oxygen delivery to metabolic demand. Reactive hyperemia (in response to a brief period of tissue ischemia) is an independent predictor of cardiovascular events and provides important insight into vascular health and vasodilatory capacity. Skeletal muscle oxidative capacity is equally important in health and disease, as it determines the energy supply for myocellular processes. Here, we describe a simple, non-invasive approach using near-infrared spectroscopy to assess each of these major clinical endpoints (reactive hyperemia, neurovascular coupling, and muscle oxidative capacity) during a single clinic or laboratory visit...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Noa Tsujii, Wakako Mikawa, Toru Adachi, Tomoyuki Hirose, Osamu Shirakawa
Schizophrenia (SZ) and bipolar I disorder (BD-I) share genetic risk factors and cognitive impairments, but these conditions may exhibit differences in cortical functioning associated with inhibitory control. We measured hemodynamic responses during a stop-signal task using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) in 20 patients with SZ, 21 patients with BD-I and 18 healthy controls (HCs). We used stop-signal reaction time (SSRT) to estimate behavioural inhibition. Compared with HCs, patients with either SZ or BD-I exhibited significantly reduced activation in the bilateral inferior, middle and superior frontal gyri...
March 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
Radosław Mrówczyński, Artur Jędrzak, Kosma Szutkowski, Bartosz F Grześkowiak, Emerson Coy, Roksana Markiewicz, Teofil Jesionowski, Stefan Jurga
Polydopamine (PDA)-coated magnetic nanoparticles functionalized with mono-6-thio-β-cyclodextrin (SH-βCD) were obtained and characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Nuclear and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (NMR and MRI), and doxorubicin (DOXO)-loading experiments. The liver cancer cellular internalization of DOXO-loaded nanoparticles was investigated by confocal imaging microscopy. Synthesized nanomaterials bearing a chemotherapeutic drug and a layer of polydopamine capable of absorbing near-infrared light show high performance in the combined chemo- and photothermal therapy (CT-PTT) of liver cancer due to the synergistic effect of both modalities as demonstrated in vitro...
March 16, 2018: Nanomaterials
Martin Kornecki, Jochen Strube
Productivity improvements of mammalian cell culture in the production of recombinant proteins have been made by optimizing cell lines, media, and process operation. This led to enhanced titers and process robustness without increasing the cost of the upstream processing (USP); however, a downstream bottleneck remains. In terms of process control improvement, the process analytical technology (PAT) initiative, initiated by the American Food and Drug Administration (FDA), aims to measure, analyze, monitor, and ultimately control all important attributes of a bioprocess...
March 16, 2018: Bioengineering
Dong Dong, Lawrence K F Wong, Zhiwei Luo
By using slide-based task in a laboratory setting, previous studies have found that activation of the rostral prefrontal cortex (BA10) is related to prospective memory performance. In this present study, we used immersive virtual reality (VR) technology to measure PM performance in a real-life task in a simulated virtual environment. Functional near-infrared spectroscopy was used simultaneously to record the rostral prefrontal cortex activities of the subjects. By comparing the data against the ones from the slide-based task, the result suggested that the activation of BA10 in the VR tasks were greater than the one in the slide-based tasks, and the VR tasks have the potential to identify the particular location of BA10 that is connected to the PM performance in our daily lives...
March 16, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Inbal Maidan, Freek Nieuwhof, Hagar Bernad-Elazari, Bastiaan R Bloem, Nir Giladi, Jeffrey M Hausdorff, Jurgen A H R Claassen, Anat Mirelman
BACKGROUND: In a randomized control trial conducted in patients with Parkinson's disease, a treadmill training program combined with virtual reality that targeted motor and cognitive aspects of safe ambulation led to fewer falls, compared with treadmill training alone. OBJECTIVE: To investigate if the 2 types of training differentially affected prefrontal activation and if this might explain differences in fall rates after the intervention. METHODS: Sixty-four patients with Parkinson's disease were randomized into the treadmill training arm (n = 34, mean age 73...
March 1, 2018: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
Tereza Kmentova, Anna Valerianova, Lucie Kovarova, Jana Lachmanova, Zuzana Hladinova, Jan Malik
BACKGROUND: Creation of vascular access leads to considerable local haemodynamic changes with decreased hand perfusion. Distal limb tissues then represent a model of hand ischaemia effect on muscles. The aim of our study was to investigate how the presence of vascular access influences the hand muscle strength in end-stage renal disease patients. METHODS: We included 52 chronically haemodialysed patients with upper limb access without clinical signs of hand ischaemia...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
Fedor Rudakov, Joseph D Geiser, Peter M Weber
A technique for the spatially resolved and molecule-specific detection of chemical vapors is presented. The chemical specificity arises from a transient absorption spectrum where an ultraviolet (UV) pulse excites the molecule to a Rydberg state, and a near-infrared (NIR) or visible probe pulse records a transient absorption spectrum. By recording the NIR pulse reflected off a random, distant object and measuring the elapsed time between the emission of the UV pulse and the absorption of a counter-propagating NIR pulse, the distance to the absorber is obtained...
March 15, 2018: Optics Letters
Samuel B Penwell, Lukas Whaley-Mayda, Andrei Tokmakoff
We present the design and characterization of a tunable mid-IR optical parametric amplifier (OPA) with a 1 MHz 1033 nm fiber laser pump source. The OPA generates >10  nJ/pulse tunable from 3-7.5 μm with 85-165  cm-1 bandwidth and 140-540 fs pulse durations. The design utilizes a single stage of collinear, Type I amplification in lithium gallium sulfide (LGS) seeded by the near-IR portion of a super-continuum (SC) generated in yttrium aluminum garnet (YAG). The resulting mid-IR idler beam is isolated as the output...
March 15, 2018: Optics Letters
Lieselot Decroix, Cajsa Tonoli, Elodie Lespagnol, Constantino Balestra, Amandine Descat, Marie Jose Drittij-Reijnders, Jamie R Blackwell, Wilhelm Stahl, Andrew M Jones, Antje R Weseler, Aalt Bast, Romain Meeusen, Elsa Heyman
INTRODUCTION: During exercise in hypoxia, O2 delivery to brain and muscle is compromised and oxidative stress is elicited. Cocoa flavanols (CF) have antioxidant capacities and can increase blood flow by stimulating endothelial function. We aimed to examine the effects of 7-day CF intake on oxidative stress, nitric oxide production and tissue oxygenation in response to exercise in hypoxia (14.3% O2 ). METHODS: In a randomized, double blind, cross-over study, 14 well-trained male cyclists completed 4 trials: exercise in normoxia or hypoxia, after 7-day CF or placebo intake...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Applied Physiology
Swati M Surkar, Rashelle M Hoffman, Regina Harbourne, Max J Kurz
The primary aim of the study was to explore the prefrontal cortical (PFC) activation while performing a shape-matching motor task in children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy (HCP) as compared with typically developing (TD) children. Fifteen TD children ([Formula: see text]) and 12 children with HCP ([Formula: see text]) were included. We assessed the PFC activation while performing an ecologically valid upper extremity shape-matching task of different complexities by measuring the concentration of oxygenated hemoglobin (HbO) using functional near-infrared spectroscopy...
January 2018: Neurophotonics
Raquel Delgado-Mederos, Clara Gregori-Pla, Peyman Zirak, Igor Blanco, Lavinia Dinia, Rebeca Marín, Turgut Durduran, Joan Martí-Fàbregas
In this pilot study, we have evaluated bedside diffuse optical monitoring combining diffuse correlation spectroscopy and near-infrared diffuse optical spectroscopy to assess the effect of thrombolysis with an intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA) on cerebral hemodynamics in an acute ischemic stroke. Frontal lobes of five patients with an acute middle cerebral artery occlusion were measured bilaterally during rtPA treatment. Both ipsilesional and contralesional hemispheres showed significant increases in cerebral blood flow, total hemoglobin concentration and oxy-hemoglobin concentration during the first 2...
March 1, 2018: Biomedical Optics Express
Jinyong Lin, Lingdong Shao, Sufang Qiu, Xingwu Huang, Mengmeng Liu, Zuci Zheng, Duo Lin, Yongliang Xu, Zhihua Li, Yao Lin, Rong Chen, Shangyuan Feng
A home-made near-infrared laser tweezers Raman spectroscopy (LTRS) system was applied to detect hemoglobin variation in red blood cells (RBCs) from diabetes without exogenous labeling. Results showed significant spectral differences existed between the diabetic and normal RBCs, including the peaks dominated by protein components (e.g. 1003 cm-1 ) and heme groups (e.g. 753 cm-1 ) in RBCs, and accurate classification results for diabetes detection were obtained by linear discriminant analysis with 100% sensitivity (i...
March 1, 2018: Biomedical Optics Express
Konstantinos C Koskinas, Masato Nakamura, Lorenz Räber, Roisin Colleran, Kazushige Kadota, Davide Capodanno, William Wijns, Takashi Akasaka, Marco Valgimigli, Giulio Guagliumi, Stephan Windecker, Robert A Byrne
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the views of the cardiology community on the clinical use of coronary intravascular imaging (IVI).Methods and Results:A web-based survey was distributed to 31,893 individuals, with 1,105 responses received (3.5% response rate); 1,010 of 1,097 respondents (92.1%) self-reported as interventional cardiologists, 754 (68.7%) with >10 years experience. Overall, 96.1% had personal experience with IVI (95.5% with intravascular ultrasound [IVUS], 69.8% with optical coherence tomography [OCT], and 7...
March 15, 2018: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
Wataru Sato, Takeshi Uchida, Tomohide Saio, Koichiro Ishimori
Cytochrome c (Cyt c) was rapidly oxidized by molecular oxygen in the presence, but not absence of PEG. The redox potential of heme c was determined by the potentiometric titration to be +236 ± 3 mV in the absence of PEG, which was negatively shifted to +200 ± 4 mV in the presence of PEG. The underlying the rapid oxidation was explored by examining the structural changes in Cyt c in the presence of PEG using UV-visible absorption, circular dichroism, resonance Raman, and fluorescence spectroscopies...
March 11, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
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