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psychiatry residency

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409334/geographic-clustering-of-admissions-to-inpatient-psychiatry-among-adults-with-cognitive-disorders-in-ontario-canada-does-distance-to-hospital-matter
#1
Christopher M Perlman, Jane Law, Hui Luan, Sebastian Rios, Dallas Seitz, Paul Stolee
OBJECTIVE: This study examined relationships among hospital accessibility, socio-economic context, and geographic clustering of inpatient psychiatry admissions for adults with cognitive disorders in Ontario, Canada. METHOD: A retrospective cross-sectional analysis was conducted using admissions data from 71 hospitals with inpatient psychiatry beds in Ontario, Canada between 2011 and 2014. Data included 7,637 unique admissions for 4,550 adults with a DSM-IV diagnosis of Delirium, Dementia, Amnestic and other Cognitive Disorders...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404198/sleep-quality-perceived-stress-and-caffeinated-drinks-intake-in-psychiatry-residents-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Carmen Concerto, Claudio Conti, Maria R Muscatello, Maria S Signorelli, Rocco Zoccali, Diego Coira, Eugenio Aguglia, Fortunato Battaglia
Background: Medical residencies are highly demanding and stressful and have been associated with mental and emotional problems. Studies that evaluated this relationship in Italian psychiatry residents are scarce. In this study, we examined sleep quality and its association with perceived stress and caffeinated beverages consumption in Italian psychiatry residents. Methods: Seventy-two PGY1-5 psychiatry residents at two University Hospitals in Italy were asked to complete an anonymous questionnaire. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and Epworth Sleepiness Scale were used to determine the sleep quality and the level of daytime sleepiness (EDS)...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Caffeine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394423/assessing-correlation-of-residency-applicants-interview-dates-with-likelihood-of-matching
#3
Sameer Avasarala, Elizabeth Thompson, Sarah Whitehouse, Sean Drake
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine whether the timing of an interview relative to the recruitment season was associated with being ranked or matched at an academic medical center. METHODS: Eleven specialties (anesthesiology, diagnostic radiology, emergency medicine, family medicine, general surgery, internal medicine, neurology, neurosurgery, obstetrics-gynecology, orthopedic surgery, and psychiatry) that participated in the National Resident Matching Program were included in the study...
February 2018: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354194/canadian-residents-perceptions-of-cross-cultural-care-training-in-graduate-medical-school
#4
Barinder Singh, Emma Banwell, Dianne Groll
Background: The Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada specifies both respect for diversity as a requirement of professionalism and culturally sensitive provision of medical care. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the perception of preparedness and attitudes of medical residents to deliver cross-cultural care. Methods: The Cross Cultural Care Survey was sent via e-mail to all Faculty of Medicine residents (approx. 450) in an academic health sciences centre...
December 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342008/the-r2c2-model-in-residency-education-how-does-it-foster-coaching-and-promote-feedback-use
#5
Joan Sargeant, Jocelyn M Lockyer, Karen Mann, Heather Armson, Andrew Warren, Marygrace Zetkulic, Sophie Soklaridis, Karen D Könings, Kathryn Ross, Ivan Silver, Eric Holmboe, Cindy Shearer, Michelle Boudreau
PURPOSE: The authors previously developed and tested a reflective model for facilitating performance feedback for practice improvement, the R2C2 model. It consists of four phases: relationship building, exploring reactions, exploring content, and coaching. This research studied the use and effectiveness of the model across different residency programs and the factors that influenced its effectiveness and use. METHOD: From July 2014-October 2016, case study methodology was used to study R2C2 model use and the influence of context on use within and across five cases...
January 16, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332234/attitudes-of-u-s-psychiatry-residents-and-fellows-towards-mental-illness-and-its-causes-a-comparison-study-with-medical-students
#6
Catherine Chiles, Elina Stefanovics, Robert Rosenheck
Stigma towards people with mental illness remains a burden for patients and healthcare providers. This study at a large US university examined the attitudes of psychiatry residents and fellows towards mental illness and its causes, and whether their attitudes differed from the medical student attitudes previously studied utilizing the same survey method. An electronic questionnaire examining attitudes toward people with mental illness, causes of mental Illness, and treatment efficacy was used to survey the attitudes of psychiatry residents and fellows...
January 13, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326819/association-between-bullying-and-pediatric-psychiatric-hospitalizations
#7
Hadassa Leader, Jasmine Singh, Ayesha Ghaffar, Cheryl de Silva
Objectives: Bullying is a serious public health issue. We sought to demonstrate an association between bullying victimization and hospital admissions for acute psychiatric problems. We described the demographics and types of bullying in a sample of hospitalized patients in Staten Island, NY, and compared bullying victimization scores with psychiatric versus medical admissions. Methods: Patients in grades 3-12 were recruited from the Staten Island University Hospital Inpatient Pediatrics unit and emergency department...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302930/description-of-a-comprehensive-addiction-rotation-at-a-psychiatry-residency-program
#8
Bachaar Arnaout, Srinivas Muvvala, Robert Rohrbaugh, Ismene Petrakis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 4, 2018: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302928/trends-in-md-phd-graduates-entering-psychiatry-assessing-the-physician-scientist-pipeline
#9
Melissa R Arbuckle, Sean X Luo, Harold Alan Pincus, Joshua A Gordon, Joyce Y Chung, Mark Chavez, Maria A Oquendo
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to identify trends in MD/PhD graduates entering psychiatry, to compare these trends with other specialties, and to review strategies for enhancing the physician-scientist pipeline. METHODS: Data on 226,588 medical students graduating from Liaison Committee on Medical Education accredited programs between 1999 and 2012 (6626 MD/PhDs) were used to evaluate the number, percentage, and proportion of MD/PhDs entering psychiatry in comparison with other specialties (neurology, neurosurgery, internal medicine, family medicine, and radiation oncology)...
January 4, 2018: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284228/assessment-of-dietary-habits-and-nutritional-status-of-depressive-patients-depending-on-place-of-residence
#10
Ewa Stefanska, Agnieszka Wendołowicz, Urszula Cwalina, Urszula Kowzan, Beata Konarzewska, Agata Szulc, Lucyna Ostrowska
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: An increased incidence of depressive disorders observed in recent years in the Polish and world population is a serious health problem. The aim of the study was to compare dietary habits and nutritional status of patients with recurrent depressive disorders, depending on their place of residence. Their impact on selected metabolic parameters was also considered. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group comprised 96 women and 84 men reporting to the Outpatient Mental Health Clinic at the Department of Psychiatry, Medical University of Bialystok in north-eastern Poland...
December 23, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282230/deconstructing-risk-management-in-psychotherapy-supervision
#11
Jerome Kroll, Jennifer Radden
In the ongoing controversy over how much regulation and standardization to impose on clinical practice and research, it is not surprising that the activity of psychotherapy supervision should be swept up in the drive for uniformity. The managers amongst us want to regulate and institutionalize all aspects of practice. In opposition, many clinicians resist the relentless march toward the safety of uniformity travel alongside managerial imposition of regulations. Psychotherapy supervision's method of a close apprenticeship relationship between supervisor and trainee and its focus on the process and ethics of professional interaction stand at the humanistic core of what is otherwise becoming an increasingly mechanistic model of providing care to persons with mental illness...
December 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282229/current-risk-management-practices-in-psychotherapy-supervision
#12
Ilayna K Mehrtens, Kathleen Crapanzano, L Lee Tynes
Psychotherapy competence is a core skill for psychiatry residents, and psychotherapy supervision is a time-honored approach to teaching this skill. To explore the current supervision practices of psychiatry training programs, a 24-item questionnaire was sent to all program directors of Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME)-approved adult psychiatry programs. The questionnaire included items regarding adherence to recently proposed therapy supervision practices aimed at reducing potential liability risk...
December 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261827/from-cultural-to-structural-competency-training-psychiatry-residents-to-act-on-social-determinants-of-health-and-institutional-racism
#13
Helena Hansen, Joel Braslow, Robert M Rohrbaugh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 20, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240463/assessing-the-validity-of-a-multidisciplinary-mini-clinical-evaluation-exercise
#14
Susan Humphrey-Murto, Mylène Côté, Debra Pugh, Timothy J Wood
Construct: The purpose of this study was to provide validity evidence for the mini-clinical evaluation exercise (mini-CEX) as an assessment tool for clinical skills in the workplace. BACKGROUND: Previous research has demonstrated validity evidence for the mini-CEX, but most studies were carried out in internal medicine or single disciplines, therefore limiting generalizability of the findings. If the mini-CEX is to be used in multidisciplinary contexts, then validity evidence should be gathered in similar settings...
December 14, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209996/understanding-ownership-of-patient-care-a%C3%A2-dual-site-qualitative-study-of-faculty-and-residents-from-medicine-and-psychiatry
#15
Deborah S Cowley, Jesse D Markman, Jennifer A Best, Erica L Greenberg, Michael J Grodesky, Suzanne B Murray, Kelli A Corning, Mitchell R Levy, William E Greenberg
INTRODUCTION: With changes in duty hours and supervision requirements, educators have raised concerns about erosion of patient care ownership by resident physicians. However, the definition of ownership is unclear. This qualitative study investigated definitions of ownership in medicine and psychiatry faculty and residents. METHODS: The authors distributed an anonymous online survey regarding definitions of ownership to faculty and residents at the psychiatry and internal medicine residency programs at the University of Washington and the Harvard Longwood psychiatry residency and conducted a qualitative analysis of free-text responses to identify emergent themes...
December 5, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171317/basal-blood-dhea-s-cortisol-levels-predicts-emdr-treatment-response-in-adolescents-with-ptsd
#16
Mirac Baris Usta, Yusuf Yasin Gumus, Gokce Nur Say, Abdullah Bozkurt, Berkan Şahin, Koray Karabekiroğlu
OBJECTIVE: In literature, recent evidence has shown that the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis can be dysregulated in patients with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and HPA axis hormones may predict the psychotherapy treatment response in patients with PTSD. In this study, it was aimed to investigate changing cortisol and DHEA-S levels post-eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) therapy and the relationship between treatment response and basal cortisol, and DHEA-S levels before treatment...
November 24, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143957/-differences-in-non-native-resident-psychiatrists-and-native-residents-psychiatrists-in-completion-of-the-psychiatry-residency-training-programmes
#17
M Popal, J van der Velde, M Nijs, H Knegtering
A relatively small number of psychiatrists in the Netherlands have a non-Dutch origin. We suspect that resident psychiatrists who do not have Dutch as their first language are less likely than native Dutch speakers to complete the psychiatry residency training programmes.<br/> AIM: To find out how often and for what reasons resident psychiatrists do not complete the psychiatry residency training programmes. <br/> METHOD: All course coordinators in the Netherlands were asked to participate in a survey to provide information about the residents who had started but had abandoned the psychiatry residency training programmes between the years 2008 and 2015...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141123/improving-mental-health-training-for-primary-care-residents-a-resident-led-educational-intervention
#18
Peter J Ureste, Tammy L Duong, Andreea L Seritan, Ana-Maria Iosif, Donald M Hilty
Objective: Psychiatric training in family medicine residency programs is necessary but not always sufficient. A brief educational intervention was designed to help improve family medicine residents' knowledge, comfort, and attitudes in delivering mental health care. Methods: A 6-hour didactic curriculum was taught by 2 psychiatry residents to family medicine residents between February and April 2015. Preintervention and postintervention surveys assessed participant demographics, knowledge, comfort levels, and attitudes regarding treating patients with psychiatric illness...
November 2, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134548/a-didactic-course-on-philosophy-of-psychiatry-for-psychiatry-residents
#19
Awais Aftab, S Nassir Ghaemi, Susan Stagno
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 13, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112197/association-of-genetic-ancestry-with-striatal-dopamine-d2-d3-receptor-availability
#20
C E Wiers, P C Towb, C A Hodgkinson, P-H Shen, C Freeman, G Miller, E Lindgren, E Shokri-Kojori, Ş B Demiral, S W Kim, D Tomasi, H Sun, G-J Wang, D Goldman, N D Volkow
Despite ethnic differences in allele frequencies of variants in dopaminergic genes associated with dopamine D2/D3 receptor availability (D2R), no study to date has investigated the relationship between genetic ancestry and striatal D2R. Here, we show that ancestry-informative markers significantly predict dorsal striatal D2R in 117 healthy ethnically diverse residents of the New York metropolitan area using Positron Emission Tomography (PET) with [(11)C]raclopride (P<0.0001), while correcting for age, sex, BMI, education, smoking status, and estimated socioeconomic status (ZIP codes)...
November 7, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
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