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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240463/assessing-the-validity-of-a-multidisciplinary-mini-clinical-evaluation-exercise
#1
Susan Humphrey-Murto, Mylène Côté, Debra Pugh, Timothy J Wood
Construct: The purpose of this study was to provide validity evidence for the mini-clinical evaluation exercise (mini-CEX) as an assessment tool for clinical skills in the workplace. BACKGROUND: Previous research has demonstrated validity evidence for the mini-CEX, but most studies were carried out in internal medicine or single disciplines, therefore limiting generalizability of the findings. If the mini-CEX is to be used in multidisciplinary contexts, then validity evidence should be gathered in similar settings...
December 14, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209996/understanding-ownership-of-patient-care-a%C3%A2-dual-site-qualitative-study-of-faculty-and-residents-from-medicine-and-psychiatry
#2
Deborah S Cowley, Jesse D Markman, Jennifer A Best, Erica L Greenberg, Michael J Grodesky, Suzanne B Murray, Kelli A Corning, Mitchell R Levy, William E Greenberg
INTRODUCTION: With changes in duty hours and supervision requirements, educators have raised concerns about erosion of patient care ownership by resident physicians. However, the definition of ownership is unclear. This qualitative study investigated definitions of ownership in medicine and psychiatry faculty and residents. METHODS: The authors distributed an anonymous online survey regarding definitions of ownership to faculty and residents at the psychiatry and internal medicine residency programs at the University of Washington and the Harvard Longwood psychiatry residency and conducted a qualitative analysis of free-text responses to identify emergent themes...
December 5, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171317/basal-blood-dhea-s-cortisol-levels-predicts-emdr-treatment-response-in-adolescents-with-ptsd
#3
Mirac Baris Usta, Yusuf Yasin Gumus, Gokce Nur Say, Abdullah Bozkurt, Berkan Şahin, Koray Karabekiroğlu
OBJECTIVE: In literature, recent evidence has shown that the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis can be dysregulated in patients with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and HPA axis hormones may predict the psychotherapy treatment response in patients with PTSD. In this study, it was aimed to investigate changing cortisol and DHEA-S levels post-eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) therapy and the relationship between treatment response and basal cortisol, and DHEA-S levels before treatment...
November 24, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143957/-differences-in-non-native-resident-psychiatrists-and-native-residents-psychiatrists-in-completion-of-the-psychiatry-residency-training-programmes
#4
M Popal, J van der Velde, M Nijs, H Knegtering
A relatively small number of psychiatrists in the Netherlands have a non-Dutch origin. We suspect that resident psychiatrists who do not have Dutch as their first language are less likely than native Dutch speakers to complete the psychiatry residency training programmes.<br/> AIM: To find out how often and for what reasons resident psychiatrists do not complete the psychiatry residency training programmes. <br/> METHOD: All course coordinators in the Netherlands were asked to participate in a survey to provide information about the residents who had started but had abandoned the psychiatry residency training programmes between the years 2008 and 2015...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141123/improving-mental-health-training-for-primary-care-residents-a-resident-led-educational-intervention
#5
Peter J Ureste, Tammy L Duong, Andreea L Seritan, Ana-Maria Iosif, Donald M Hilty
Objective: Psychiatric training in family medicine residency programs is necessary but not always sufficient. A brief educational intervention was designed to help improve family medicine residents' knowledge, comfort, and attitudes in delivering mental health care. Methods: A 6-hour didactic curriculum was taught by 2 psychiatry residents to family medicine residents between February and April 2015. Preintervention and postintervention surveys assessed participant demographics, knowledge, comfort levels, and attitudes regarding treating patients with psychiatric illness...
November 2, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134548/a-didactic-course-on-philosophy-of-psychiatry-for-psychiatry-residents
#6
Awais Aftab, S Nassir Ghaemi, Susan Stagno
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 13, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112197/association-of-genetic-ancestry-with-striatal-dopamine-d2-d3-receptor-availability
#7
C E Wiers, P C Towb, C A Hodgkinson, P-H Shen, C Freeman, G Miller, E Lindgren, E Shokri-Kojori, Ş B Demiral, S W Kim, D Tomasi, H Sun, G-J Wang, D Goldman, N D Volkow
Despite ethnic differences in allele frequencies of variants in dopaminergic genes associated with dopamine D2/D3 receptor availability (D2R), no study to date has investigated the relationship between genetic ancestry and striatal D2R. Here, we show that ancestry-informative markers significantly predict dorsal striatal D2R in 117 healthy ethnically diverse residents of the New York metropolitan area using Positron Emission Tomography (PET) with [(11)C]raclopride (P<0.0001), while correcting for age, sex, BMI, education, smoking status, and estimated socioeconomic status (ZIP codes)...
November 7, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098597/smart-r-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-a-resilience-curriculum-for-residents-by-residents
#8
Deanna Chaukos, Emma Chad-Friedman, Darshan H Mehta, Laura Byerly, Alper Celik, Thomas H McCoy, John W Denninger
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the feasibility of a resident-led resiliency curriculum developed by residents, for residents. METHODS: The Stress Management and Resiliency Training Program for Residents (SMART-R) is a 6-h group-based curriculum that teaches meditation, behavioral skills, and positive perspective-taking strategies. SMART-R was implemented for all medicine and psychiatry interns at a large US teaching hospital during the first 6 months of internship...
November 2, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098047/faculty-and-resident-perspectives-on-ambulatory-care-education-a-collective-case-study-of-family-medicine-psychiatry-and-surgery
#9
Paula Veinot, William Lin, Nicole Woods, Stella Ng
Background: Ambulatory care (AC) experiences within medical education are garnering increasing attention. We sought to understand how faculty and residents' describe their experiences of AC and ambulatory care education (ACEduc) within, between, and across disciplinary contexts. Methods: We designed a Stakian collective case study, applying constructivist grounded theory analytic methods. Using purposive and snowball sampling, we interviewed 17 faculty and residents across three instrumental cases: family medicine, psychiatry, surgery...
June 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092807/mobile-phone-use-in-psychiatry-residents-in-the-united-states-multisite-cross-sectional-survey-study
#10
Shih Gipson, John Torous, Robert Boland, Erich Conrad
BACKGROUND: Mobile technology ownership in the general US population and medical professionals is increasing, leading to increased use in clinical settings. However, data on use of mobile technology by psychiatry residents remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: In this study, our aim was to provide data on how psychiatric residents use mobile phones in their clinical education as well as barriers relating to technology use. METHODS: An anonymous, multisite survey was given to psychiatry residents in 2 regions in the United States, including New Orleans and Boston, to understand their technology use...
November 1, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080050/development-of-a-women-s-mental-health-curriculum-and-evolution-to-a-women-s-mental-health-area-of-concentration-in-a-psychiatry-residency-program
#11
Priya Gopalan, Jody Glance, Robin Valpey, Heather Joseph, Neeta Shenai
In 2014, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services' Office on Women's Health emphasized the importance of women's health education, particularly in the realm of behavioral health. In order to support the professional interests of psychiatry trainees, a women's mental health study group (WMHSG) was developed and implemented. The WMHSG aimed primarily to supplement the resident curriculum and promote consideration of careers in women's mental health. After successful implementation, the curriculum was formalized into a Women's Mental Health Area of Concentration within the Department of Psychiatry's residency training program...
October 27, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075320/psychiatrists-role-in-primary-health-care-in-greece-findings-from-a-quantitative-study
#12
Kyriakos Souliotis, Eirini Agapidaki, Chara Tzavara, Marina Economou
BACKGROUND: Although the need for integration of mental health services into primary care is well established little has been done. The outbreak of the recession found the Greek mental health system in transition. As a response to the crisis, governments implemented horizontal budget cuts instead of health reforms. This resulted in an unfavorable situation for mental health which was set once again on the sidelines of the health policy agenda. Previous studies suggest that the most prevalent disorders in the years of financial crisis in Greece are depression and anxiety while a general increase of the psychiatric morbidity is observed does not follow the population' needs...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043906/parkinson-s-disease-and-the-quest-for-preclinical-diagnosis-an-interview-with-professor-werner-poewe
#13
Werner Poewe
Werner Poewe speaks to Laura Dormer, Editorial Director: Professor Werner Poewe is Professor of Neurology and Director of the Department of Neurology at Innsbruck Medical University in Innsbruck, Austria. He held a Residency in Clinical Neurology and Psychiatry at the University of Innsbruck, Austria, from 1977 to 1984. From 1984 to 1985 he teamed up with Gerald Stern and Andrew Lees as a British Council Research Fellow at University College and Middlesex Hospital's Medical School in London to perform clinical studies into levodopa-induced dystonia and pharmacokinetics of levodopa in naive versus L-Dopa treated Parkinson's disease...
October 18, 2017: Neurodegenerative Disease Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023285/predictors-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-use-in-a-large-inpatient-psychiatry-population
#14
Julia Knight, Micaela Jantzi, John Hirdes, Terry Rabinowitz
OBJECTIVE: There is limited research on reliable and clinically useful predictors of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) use. We aimed to examine factors that predict ECT use in an inpatient psychiatric population. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of provincial database for inpatient psychiatry. METHODS: This study is a retrospective analysis of a provincial database for inpatient psychiatry. The study includes all psychiatric inpatients 18 years or older in Ontario, Canada, assessed with the Resident Assessment Instrument for Mental Health (RAI-MH) within the first 3 days of admission between 2009 and 2014 (n = 153,023)...
October 12, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016377/psychopharmacology-training-for-psychiatry-residents-a-pilot-iterative-quality-improvement-project
#15
Kamini Vasudev, Akshya Vasudev, Ira D Glick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983854/a-pilot-study-examining-factors-influencing-readiness-to-progress-to-indirect-supervision-among-first-year-residents-in-a-general-psychiatry-training-program
#16
Bryan Touchet, Ashley Walker, Sarah Flanders, Heather McIntosh
OBJECTIVE: In the first year of training, psychiatry residents progress from direct supervision to indirect supervision but factors predicting time to transition between these levels of supervision are unknown. This study aimed to examine times for transition to indirect levels of supervision and to identify resident factors associated with slower progression. METHODS: The authors compiled data from training files from years 2011-2015, including licensing exam scores, age, gender, medical school, month of first inpatient psychiatry rotation, and transition times between levels of supervision...
October 5, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975532/training-psychiatry-residents-in-patient-handoffs-within-the-context-of-the-clinical-learning-environment-review
#17
M Diane Eckert, James Agapoff Iv, Deborah A Goebert, Earl S Hishinuma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 3, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958978/the-impact-of-translational-neuroscience-on-revisiting-psychiatric-diagnosis-state-of-the-art-and-conceptual-analysis
#18
Massimiliano Aragona
This paper reviews translational research in psychiatry, focusing on those programs addressing the problem of the validity of psychiatric diagnoses. In medicine in general, and in psychiatry in particular, the term "translational" is used with different meanings. A conceptual analysis suggests that in psychiatry there are at least seven different types of translational research: T1 ("bench-to-bedside" development of tools and treatments), T2 (application of animal models to human psychiatry), T3 (papers focusing on the mind-brain gap, studying biological, neurobiological and cognitive dysfunctions), T4 (personalized therapies and prediction of treatment responses), T5 ("bedside-to-bench" translation of population data for laboratories), T6 (implementation of treatments at population level, including accessibility and quality of services), T7 (improving translational knowledge in residents" trainings and researchers" careers)...
September 29, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956303/experiences-with-the-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-milestones-results-of-two-nationwide-surveys
#19
Shannon W Simmons, Christopher K Varley, Jeffrey Hunt
OBJECTIVES: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry began using milestones in 2015 as a way to document observable progress through training. The study is the first assessment of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (CAP) faculty and fellows' experience with the milestones. METHODS: This study presents findings from two surveys conducted one year apart. The first electronic survey polled CAP fellows and faculty nationwide using five opinion questions; demographic data and comments were also gathered...
September 27, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953842/comorbidity-of-substance-use-and-mental-disorders
#20
Marta Struzik, Krzysztof M Wilczyński, Jacek Chałubiński, Elżbieta Mazgaj, Krzysztof Krysta
INTRODUCTION: Comorbidity is a term defined as the presence of two or more conditions occurring either at the same time or having a close relationship to the same individual. World Health Organization (WHO) define it as the "co-occurrence in the same individual of a psychoactive substance use disorder and another psychiatric disorder". Progressive deinstitutionalisation, despite indisputable benefits and improvement of life quality in psychiatric patients, resulted in appearance of new burdens, such as deterioration of family life...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
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