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critical event interview

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521111/the-role-of-gender-in-suicidal-ideation-among-long-term-opioid-users
#1
Kirsten Marchand, Heather Palis, Jill Fikowski, Scott Harrison, Patricia Spittal, Martin T Schechter, Eugenia Oviedo-Joekes
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to examine factors associated with suicidal ideation among people with opioid dependence and to explore whether these factors are gender-specific. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were collected among long-term opioid-dependent individuals ( n = 176; 46.0% women). Lifetime histories of suicidal ideation were measured using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview, and additional data were collected regarding sociodemographic characteristics, drug use, health, and adverse life events...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458804/nutrition-pharmacological-and-training-strategies-adopted-by-six-bodybuilders-case-report-and-critical-review
#2
Paulo Gentil, Claudio Andre Barbosa de Lira, Antonio Paoli, José Alexandre Barbosa Dos Santos, Roberto Deivide Teixeira da Silva, José Romulo Pereira Junior, Edson Pereira da Silva, Rodrigo Ferro Magosso
The purpose of this study was to report and analyze the practices adopted by bodybuilders in light of scientific evidence and to propose evidence-based alternatives. Six (four male and two female) bodybuilders and their coaches were directly interviewed. According to the reports, the quantity of anabolic steroids used by the men was 500-750 mg/week during the bulking phase and 720-1160 mg during the cutting phase. The values for women were 400 and 740 mg, respectively. The participants also used ephedrine and hydrochlorothiazide during the cutting phase...
February 24, 2017: European Journal of Translational Myology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415977/perspectives-of-frailty-and-frailty-screening-protocol-for-a-collaborative-knowledge-translation-approach-and-qualitative-study-of-stakeholder-understandings-and-experiences
#3
Mandy M Archibald, Rachel Ambagtsheer, Justin Beilby, Mellick J Chehade, Tiffany K Gill, Renuka Visvanathan, Alison L Kitson
BACKGROUND: Accompanying the unprecedented growth in the older adult population worldwide is an increase in the prevalence of frailty, an age-related clinical state of increased vulnerability to stressor events. This increased vulnerability results in lower social engagement and quality of life, increased dependency, and higher rates of morbidity, health service utilization and mortality. Early identification of frailty is necessary to guide implementation of interventions to prevent associated functional decline...
April 17, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389890/articulation-and-testing-of-a-personality-centred-model-of-psychopathology-evidence-from-a-longitudinal-community-study-over-30%C3%A2-years
#4
Michael P Hengartner, Peter Tyrer, Vladeta Ajdacic-Gross, Jules Angst, Wulf Rössler
Advances in psychopathological research advocate a personality-centred model of common mental disorders (CMD). We tested four hypotheses to test such a model. First, personality relates to critical life events; second, both personality and critical life events relate to CMD; third, interaction effects between personality and critical life events relate to CMD; fourth, neuroticism explains the majority of variance in psychopathology. We analysed data (n = 453) based on seven semi-structured interviews from a longitudinal epidemiologic cohort study over 30 years spanning years 1979 (age 20) to 2008 (age 50)...
April 7, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385165/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-the-world-mental-health-surveys
#5
K C Koenen, A Ratanatharathorn, L Ng, K A McLaughlin, E J Bromet, D J Stein, E G Karam, A Meron Ruscio, C Benjet, K Scott, L Atwoli, M Petukhova, C C W Lim, S Aguilar-Gaxiola, A Al-Hamzawi, J Alonso, B Bunting, M Ciutan, G de Girolamo, L Degenhardt, O Gureje, J M Haro, Y Huang, N Kawakami, S Lee, F Navarro-Mateu, B-E Pennell, M Piazza, N Sampson, M Ten Have, Y Torres, M C Viana, D Williams, M Xavier, R C Kessler
BACKGROUND: Traumatic events are common globally; however, comprehensive population-based cross-national data on the epidemiology of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), the paradigmatic trauma-related mental disorder, are lacking. METHODS: Data were analyzed from 26 population surveys in the World Health Organization World Mental Health Surveys. A total of 71 083 respondents ages 18+ participated. The Composite International Diagnostic Interview assessed exposure to traumatic events as well as 30-day, 12-month, and lifetime PTSD...
April 7, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352226/cognitive-control-modulates-effects-of-episodic-simulation-on-delay-discounting-in-aging
#6
Laura K Sasse, Jan Peters, Stefanie Brassen
Enhancing prospective thinking by tagging the future with specific episodic events has been shown to reduce delay discounting in young age ("tag-effect"). So far, it is unclear whether such beneficial effect extends to old adulthood. Since the general ability of future thinking and cognitive control are crucial modulators of temporal discounting in young age, potential age-related decline in these functions might impact on the effect. We focused on this issue by combining functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) with an established intertemporal choice task including episodic "tags" in healthy older participants...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320312/the-effect-of-an-electronic-cognitive-aid-on-the-management-of-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-during-caesarean-section-a-prospective-randomised-simulation-study
#7
Michael St Pierre, Bjoern Luetcke, Dieter Strembski, Christopher Schmitt, Georg Breuer
BACKGROUND: Cognitive aids have come to be viewed as promising tools in the management of perioperative critical events. The majority of published simulation studies have focussed on perioperative crises that are characterised by time pressure, rare occurrence, or complex management steps (e.g., cardiac arrest emergencies, management of the difficult airway). At present, there is limited information on the usefulness of cognitive aids in critical situations with moderate time pressure and complexity...
March 20, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317512/alcohol-industry-sponsorship-of-university-student-sports-clubs-in-brazil
#8
Ilana Pinsky, Ana Regina Noto, Maria Carolina Botéquio de Moraes, Elaine Lucas Dos Santos, Robert Sparks, Kerry O'Brien
OBJECTIVE: The university sport environment represents an important target for alcohol industry marketing. This study investigated the nature of relationships between the alcohol industry and university student sports clubs (USSCs). METHOD: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with board members from 60 active USSCs in the city of São Paulo, Brazil. Interviews were transcribed and subjected to content analysis using NVivo10. RESULTS: All invited USSCs participated in the study...
March 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273613/relatives-perception-of-stressors-and-psychological-outcomes-results-from-a-survey-study
#9
Bastian Matt, Daniel Schwarzkopf, Konrad Reinhart, Christian König, Christiane S Hartog
PURPOSE: To identify relevant stressors or resources of relatives of critically ill patients and explore their relationship with psychological outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospective mixed-method study performed in 4 multidisciplinary ICUs of an urban academic hospital. Main relatives of consecutive patients with severe sepsis were questioned after 90days by structured interview. Quantitative data included demographic characteristics, ICU experience, Impact-of-Event Scale (posttraumatic stress) and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS); answers to open questions about stressors and resources were transcribed verbatim and analyzed by thematic analysis...
June 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266087/rigidity-in-routines-and-the-development-of-resistance-to-change-in-individuals-with-prader-willi-syndrome
#10
E L Haig, K A Woodcock
BACKGROUND: Individuals with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) commonly show debilitating resistance to change, which has been linked to cognitive deficits in task switching. Anecdotal reports suggest that exposure to flexibility in routines during development may be beneficial for limiting subsequent resistance to change in people with PWS, which is consistent with a beneficial role of such exposure on the development of task switching, highlighted in typical children. Here, we aim to investigate the development of resistance to change in individuals with PWS and hypothesise that exposure to increased rigidity in routines will be associated with increased subsequent resistance to change...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257181/novel-indicators-for-the-quantification-of-resilience-in-critical-material-supply-chains-with-a-2010-rare-earth-crisis-case-study
#11
Benjamin Sprecher, Ichiro Daigo, Wouter Spekkink, Matthijs Vos, René Kleijn, Shinsuke Murakami, Gert Jan Kramer
We introduce several new resilience metrics for quantifying the resilience of critical material supply chains to disruptions and validate these metrics using the 2010 rare earth element (REE) crisis as a case study. Our method is a novel application of Event Sequence Analysis, supplemented with interviews of actors across the entire supply chain. We discuss resilience mechanisms in quantitative terms-time lags, response speeds, and maximum magnitudes-and in light of cultural differences between Japanese and European corporate practice...
March 17, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249203/gender-differences-among-medically-serious-suicide-attempters-aged-15-54-years-in-rural-china
#12
Long Sun, Jie Zhang
China is one of few countries which reported higher female suicide rates in the worldwide. However, little is known about the gender differences among Chinese rural suicide attempters. This study aims to analyze the gender differences among medically serious suicide attempters aged 15-54 years in rural China. Subjects were 791 medically serious suicide attempters and 791 controls aged 15-54 years in rural China. Socio-demographic, psychological and some critical variables were assessed in the interview. The results showed that all of the factors (education years, family suicide history, negative life events, social support, impulsivity and mental disorder) associated with male suicide attempters also could be found for females...
June 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228132/information-needs-for-making-clinical-recommendations-about-potential-drug-drug-interactions-a-synthesis-of-literature-review-and-interviews
#13
Katrina M Romagnoli, Scott D Nelson, Lisa Hines, Philip Empey, Richard D Boyce, Harry Hochheiser
BACKGROUND: Drug information compendia and drug-drug interaction information databases are critical resources for clinicians and pharmacists working to avoid adverse events due to exposure to potential drug-drug interactions (PDDIs). Our goal is to develop information models, annotated data, and search tools that will facilitate the interpretation of PDDI information. To better understand the information needs and work practices of specialists who search and synthesize PDDI evidence for drug information resources, we conducted an inquiry that combined a thematic analysis of published literature with unstructured interviews...
February 22, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225376/a-qualitative-analysis-of-general-emergency-medicine-providers-perceptions-on-pediatric-emergency-telemedicine
#14
Ji Won Kim, Gunjan Tiyyagura, Melissa Langhan
OBJECTIVE: Most children in the United States are evaluated in general emergency departments (ED), which are staffed by practitioners who care for both adults and children and may have limited pediatric resources. The application of telemedicine in pediatrics is growing and has been shown to be effective in outpatient as well as critical care settings. Telemedicine has the potential to address disparities in access to pediatric emergency care. The objective of this study was to explore experiences of general ED providers with telemedicine and their perception about a potential video telemedicine program with pediatric ED providers...
February 21, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220984/enacting-open-disclosure-in-the-uk-national-health-service-a-qualitative-exploration
#15
Reema Harrison, Yvonne Birks, Kate Bosanquet, Rick Iedema
BACKGROUND: Open and honest discussion between healthcare providers and patients and families affected by error is considered to be a central feature of high quality and safer patient care, evidenced by the implementation of open disclosure policies and guidance internationally. This paper discusses the perceived enablers that UK doctors and nurses report as facilitating the enactment of open disclosure. METHODS: Semistructured interviews with 13 doctors and 22 nurses from a range of levels and specialities from 5 national health service hospitals and primary care trusts in the UK were conducted and analysed using a framework approach...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209593/comparing-icd-10-external-cause-codes-for-pedal-cyclists-with-self-reported-crash-details
#16
Ben Beck, Christina L Ekegren, Peter Cameron, Mark Stevenson, Rodney Judson, Andrew Bucknill, Elton Edwards, Belinda Gabbe
Accurate coding of injury event information is critical in developing targeted injury prevention strategies. However, little is known about the validity of the most universally used coding system, the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10), in characterising crash counterparts in pedal cycling events. This study aimed to determine the agreement between hospital-coded ICD-10-AM (Australian modification) external cause codes with self-reported crash characteristics in a sample of pedal cyclists admitted to hospital following bicycle crashes...
February 16, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198454/preliminary-evidence-for-a-role-of-the-adrenergic-nervous-system-in-generalized-anxiety-disorder
#17
Xiaobin Zhang, Joanna Norton, Isabelle Carrière, Karen Ritchie, Isabelle Chaudieu, Joanne Ryan, Marie-Laure Ancelin
Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is a common chronic condition that is understudied compared to other psychiatric disorders. An altered adrenergic function has been reported in GAD, however direct evidence for genetic susceptibility is missing. This study evaluated the associations of gene variants in adrenergic receptors (ADRs) with GAD, with the involvement of stressful events. Data were obtained from 844 French community-dwelling elderly aged 65 or over. Anxiety disorders were assessed using the Mini-International Neuropsychiatry Interview, according to DSM-IV criteria...
February 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192732/reproductive-decisions-after-the-diagnosis-of-amniotic-fluid-embolism
#18
Amirhossein Moaddab, Miranda Klassen, Cynthia D Priester, Elvira H Munoz, Michael A Belfort, Steven L Clark, Gary A Dildy
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to describe the subsequent reproductive outcomes in women who either correctly or incorrectly were diagnosed with amniotic fluid embolism (AFE). STUDY DESIGN: Medical records were obtained, abstracted and reviewed by authors with extensive experience in critical care obstetrics. Telephone interviews of all survivors were conducted to determine obstetrical and contraceptive history. A subgroup underwent further telephone interview to address subsequent reproductive decisions...
January 23, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163834/does-heart-rate-variability-correlate-with-long-term-prognosis-in-myocardial-infarction-patients-treated-by-early-revascularization
#19
Leonida Compostella, Nenad Lakusic, Caterina Compostella, Li Van Stella Truong, Sabino Iliceto, Fabio Bellotto
AIM: To assess the prevalence of depressed heart rate variability (HRV) after an acute myocardial infarction (MI), and to evaluate its prognostic significance in the present era of immediate reperfusion. METHODS: Time-domain HRV (obtained from 24-h Holter recordings) was assessed in 326 patients (63.5 ± 12.1 years old; 80% males), two weeks after a complicated MI treated by early reperfusion: 208 ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients (in which reperfusion was successfully obtained within 6 h of symptoms in 94% of cases) and 118 non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) patients (percutaneous coronary intervention was performed within 24 h and successful in 73% of cases)...
January 26, 2017: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135864/-naloxone-works-the-politics-of-knowledge-in-evidence-based-drug-policy
#20
Kari Lancaster, Carla Treloar, Alison Ritter
For over 20 years, drug policy experts have been calling for the wider availability of naloxone, to enable lay overdose witnesses to respond to opioid overdose events. However, the 'evidence base' for peer-administered naloxone has become a key point of contention. This contention opens up critical questions about how knowledge ('evidence') is constituted and validated in drug policy processes, which voices may be heard, and how knowledge producers secure privileged positions of influence. Taking the debate surrounding peer-administered naloxone as a case study, and drawing on qualitative interviews with individuals (n = 19) involved in the development of naloxone policy in Australia, we examine how particular kinds of knowledge are rendered 'useful' in drug policy debates...
January 1, 2017: Health (London)
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