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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344906/exploring-differential-health-effects-of-work-stress-a-latent-class-cluster-approach
#1
Hannes Mayerl, Erwin Stolz, Anja Waxenegger, Wolfgang Freidl
BACKGROUND: While evidence highlights the detrimental health consequences of adverse working conditions, effect sizes vary by the stressor examined. In this study, we aimed to explore the differential effects various constellations of job demands have on prevalent symptom clusters. METHODS: We analysed self-reported data from a nationwide Austrian survey (N = 16,466), based on a cross-sectional design. By means of latent class analysis, a set of items was used to assess the burden from several job demands as well as the frequency of occurrence of mental and physical symptoms in order to identify stress profiles and symptom clusters, respectively...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334052/identifying-fallers-among-ophthalmic-patients-using-classification-tree-methodology
#2
Paolo Melillo, Ada Orrico, Franco Chirico, Leandro Pecchia, Settimio Rossi, Francesco Testa, Francesca Simonelli
PURPOSE: To develop and validate a tool aiming to support ophthalmologists in identifying, during routine ophthalmologic visits, patients at higher risk of falling in the following year. METHODS: A group of 141 subjects (age: 73.2 ± 11.4 years), recruited at our Eye Clinic, underwent a baseline ophthalmic examination and a standardized questionnaire, including lifestyles, general health, social engagement and eyesight problems. Moreover, visual disability was assessed by the Activity of Daily Vision Scale (ADVS)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327157/factors-influencing-implementation-of-a-patient-decision-aid-in-a-developing-country-an-exploratory-study
#3
Wen Ting Tong, Yew Kong Lee, Chirk Jenn Ng, Ping Yein Lee
BACKGROUND: Most studies on barriers and facilitators to implementation of patient decision aids (PDAs) are conducted in the west; hence, the findings may not be transferable to developing countries. This study aims to use a locally developed insulin PDA as an exemplar to explore the barriers and facilitators to implementing PDAs in Malaysia, an upper middle-income country in Asia. METHODS: Qualitative methodology was adopted. Nine in-depth interviews (IDIs) and three focus group discussions (FGDs) were conducted with policymakers (n = 6), medical officers (n = 13), diabetes educators (n = 5) and a nurse, who were involved in insulin initiation management at an academic primary care clinic...
March 21, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291556/teaching-communication-skills-to-radiology-residents
#4
Jason N Itri, Sammy Yacob, Ayman Mithqal
The transition of health care in the United States from volume to value requires a systems-based approach aligning clinical services across the continuum of care. The ability to communicate effectively and resolve conflict is a critical skill within the systems-based model. Recognizing the essential role of communication in medicine, the Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education has designated interpersonal and communication skills a core competency for all residents regardless of specialty. Yet, communication skills are often developed through on-the-job training or not at all...
January 17, 2017: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284701/visualizing-stressful-aspects-of-repetitive-motion-tasks-and-opportunities-for-ergonomic-improvements-using-computer-vision
#5
Runyu L Greene, David P Azari, Yu Hen Hu, Robert G Radwin
Patterns of physical stress exposure are often difficult to measure, and the metrics of variation and techniques for identifying them is underdeveloped in the practice of occupational ergonomics. Computer vision has previously been used for evaluating repetitive motion tasks for hand activity level (HAL) utilizing conventional 2D videos. The approach was made practical by relaxing the need for high precision, and by adopting a semi-automatic approach for measuring spatiotemporal characteristics of the repetitive task...
March 9, 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283491/factors-influencing-young-men-s-decision-to-undergo-health-screening-in-malaysia-a-qualitative-study
#6
Chin Hai Teo, Chirk Jenn Ng, Alan White
OBJECTIVES: Uptake of health screening is low in men, particularly among those aged <40 years. This study aimed to explore factors that influence health screening behaviour in younger men. DESIGN: This qualitative study employed an interpretive descriptive approach. Two trained researchers conducted in-depth interviews (IDIs) and focus group discussions (FGDs) using a semi-structured topic guide, which was developed based on literature review and behavioural theories...
March 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261122/reference-as-an-interactive-achievement-sequential-and-longitudinal-analyses-of-labeling-interactions-in-shared-book-reading-and-free-play
#7
Vivien Heller, Katharina J Rohlfing
The present study examines how young children and their caregivers establish reference by jointly developing stable patterns of bodily, perceptual, and interactive coordination. Our longitudinal investigation focuses on two mother-child dyads engaged in picture-book reading and play. The dyads were videotaped at home once every 6 weeks while the children aged from 9 to 24 months. Inspired by conversation analysis and multimodal analysis, our developmental approach builds on the insight that the situated and embodied production of reference is fundamentally an interactive achievement...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245515/addressing-the-barriers-to-driver-licensing-for-aboriginal-people-in-new-south-wales-and-south-australia
#8
Kathleen Clapham, Kate Hunter, Patricia Cullen, Yvonne Helps, Teresa Senserrick, Jake Byrne, James E Harrison, Rebecca Q Ivers
OBJECTIVE: Low rates of driver licensing have been linked to increased risk of transport-related injury, and reduced access to health services, employment and educational opportunities in the Aboriginal population. This paper reports on how barriers to obtaining a driver licence are being addressed in four Aboriginal communities in New South Wales and South Australia. METHODS: Qualitative data were collected over a four-month period in 2013. Interviews with Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal stakeholders (n=31) and 11 focus groups with Aboriginal participants (n=46) were analysed thematically using a framework approach...
February 28, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241330/a-qualitative-interview-based-study-of-the-health-policy-fellowship-s-osteopathic-identity
#9
Daniel Skinner, Berkeley Franz
CONTEXT: Since 1993, the Health Policy Fellowship (HPF) has trained osteopathic professionals in health policy and leadership. Although almost 250 fellows have graduated from the program, many of whom have assumed leadership roles within the osteopathic medical profession, the HPF has, to the authors' knowledge, never been subjected to scholarly analysis. OBJECTIVE: To understand the HPF's professional significance as a health policy and leadership training program that has enrolled mostly osteopathic physicians...
March 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214726/job-satisfaction-developmental-trajectories-and-health-a-life-course-perspective
#10
Jonathan Dirlam, Hui Zheng
Understanding the health consequence of job dissatisfaction becomes increasingly important because job insecurity, stress and dissatisfaction have significantly increased in the United States in the last decade. Despite the extensive work in this area, prior studies nonetheless may underestimate the harmful effect of job dissatisfaction due to the cross-sectional nature of their data and sample selection bias. This study applies a life-course approach to more comprehensively examine the relationship between job satisfaction and health...
January 24, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213305/risk-of-suicide-according-to-the-level-of-psychiatric-contact-in-the-older-people-analysis-of-national-health-insurance-databases-in-taiwan
#11
Shin-Ting Yeh, Yee-Yung Ng, Shiao-Chi Wu
PURPOSE: Suicide in the older people is a serious problem worldwide; however the effect of psychiatric contact on the risk of suicide has not been fully explored. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between psychiatric contact and suicide in the older people in Taiwan. METHODS: A population-based database was used in this national case-control study. Propensity score matching was used to match older people who did and did not commit suicide from 2010 to 2012 by calendar year, gender, age, and area of residence...
February 1, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209122/effects-and-meanings-of-a-person-centred-and-health-promoting-intervention-in-home-care-services-a-study-protocol-of-a-non-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
Karin Bölenius, Kristina Lämås, Per-Olof Sandman, David Edvardsson
BACKGROUND: The literature indicates that current home care service are largely task oriented with limited focus on the involvement of the older people themselves, and studies show that lack of involvement might reduce older people's quality of life. Person-centred care has been shown to improve the satisfaction with care and quality of life in older people cared for in hospitals and nursing homes, with limited published evidence about the effects and meanings of person-centred interventions in home care services for older people...
February 16, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194594/pesticide-exposure-and-liver-cancer-a-review
#13
REVIEW
Trang VoPham, Kimberly A Bertrand, Jaime E Hart, Francine Laden, Maria M Brooks, Jian-Min Yuan, Evelyn O Talbott, Darren Ruddell, Chung-Chou H Chang, Joel L Weissfeld
PURPOSE: To review the epidemiologic literature examining pesticide exposure and liver cancer incidence. METHODS: A search of the MEDLINE and Embase databases was conducted in October 2015. Eligibility criteria included examining hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) or primary liver cancer, pesticides as an exposure of interest, and individual-level incidence. The review was performed according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines...
March 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187934/modeling-the-exposure-functions-of-atmospheric-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbon-mixtures-in-occupational-environments
#14
Pascal Petit, Anne Maître, Renaud Persoons, Dominique J Bicout
BACKGROUND: The health risk assessment associated with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) mixtures faces three main issues: the lack of knowledge regarding occupational exposure mixtures, the accurate chemical characterization and the estimation of cancer risks. OBJECTIVES: To describe industries in which PAH exposures are encountered and construct working context-exposure function matrices, to enable the estimation of both the PAH expected exposure level and chemical characteristic profile of workers based on their occupational sector and activity...
April 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185441/evaluation-of-the-ladder-to-the-moon-culture-change-studio-engagement-programme-staff-training-two-quasi-experimental-case-studies
#15
Azucena Guzmán, Jennifer Wenborn, Tom Swinson, Martin Orrell
AIM: To evaluate the impact of the CCSEP on care home staff in two care settings for older people in one nursing home and one residential home. BACKGROUND: Care homes provide personal care and accommodation for older people. The English Dementia Strategy aims to improve the quality of service provision for people with dementia. This includes specific mention of improving the quality of life in care homes and as such includes objectives related to developing the workforce knowledge and skills...
February 9, 2017: International Journal of Older People Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167969/bioaerosols-noise-and-ultraviolet-radiation-exposures-for-municipal-solid-waste-handlers
#16
France Ncube, Esper Jacobeth Ncube, Kuku Voyi
Few studies have investigated the occupational hazards of municipal solid waste workers, particularly in developing countries. Resultantly these workers are currently exposed to unknown and unabated occupational hazards that may endanger their health. We determined municipal solid waste workers' work related hazards and associated adverse health endpoints. A multifaceted approach was utilised comprising bioaerosols sampling, occupational noise, thermal conditions measurement, and field based waste compositional analysis...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160815/prevention-of-occupational-injuries-evidence-for-effective-good-practices-in-foundries
#17
Stefano Porru, Stefano Calza, Cecilia Arici
INTRODUCTION: Occupational injuries are a relevant research and practical issue. However, intervention studies evaluating the effectiveness of workplace injury prevention programs are seldom performed. METHOD: The effectiveness of a multifaceted intervention aimed at reducing occupational injury rates (incidence/employment-based=IR, frequency/hours-based=FR, severity=SR) was evaluated between 2008 and 2013 in 29 Italian foundries (22 ferrous; 7 non-ferrous; 3,460 male blue collar workers/year) of varying sizes...
February 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150987/who-r-u-on-the-in-accuracy-of-incumbent-based-estimates-of-range-restriction-in-criterion-related-and-differential-validity-research
#18
Philip L Roth, Huy Le, In-Sue Oh, Chad H Van Iddekinge, Steven B Robbins
Correcting validity estimates for selection procedures for range restriction typically involves comparing variance in predictor scores between all job applicants and applicants who were selected. However, some research on criterion-related and differential validity of cognitive ability tests has relied on range restriction corrections based on data from job incumbents. Unfortunately, there remains ambiguity concerning the accuracy of this incumbent-based approach vis-à-vis the applicant-based approach. To address this issue, we conducted several Monte Carlo simulations, as well as an analysis of college admissions data...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138090/standardizing-phlebotomy-job-descriptions
#19
Jim Cook
BACKGROUND: The University of Maryland Medical System, like all other medical systems, is faced with providing the highest quality care in an environment of increased demands and competition for resources. Some responses to this pressure include improved integration, coordination, and efficiency. Laboratory integration has been highlighted by our medical system as a promising area for improvement. Standardization of practices, including job descriptions, is an important step on this journey...
February 2017: Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129546/hour-glass-ceilings-work-hour-thresholds-gendered-health-inequities
#20
Huong Dinh, Lyndall Strazdins, Jennifer Welsh
Long workhours erode health, which the setting of maximum weekly hours aims to avert. This 48-h limit, and the evidence base to support it, has evolved from a workforce that was largely male, whose time in the labour force was enabled by women's domestic work and care giving. The gender composition of the workforce has now changed, and many women (as well as some men) combine care-giving with paid work, a change viewed as fundamental for gender equality. However, it raises questions on the suitability of the work time limit and the extent it is protective of health...
January 18, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
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