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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904634/an-attempt-for-empowering-education-a-qualitative-study-of-in-service-training-of-nursing-personnel
#1
Mahmood Chaghari, Abbas Ebadi, Ahmad Ameryoun, Mohsen Safari
BACKGROUND: In-service training of nursing personnel has a significant role in increasing the empowerment of nurses and promotion of the quality of health services. The objective of this study is to identify and explain the process of in-service training of nursing personnel in the hospitals affiliated with Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences in Tehran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study employed a qualitative approach using Corbin and Strauss method (2008) in 2015, and examined the viewpoints and experiences of 35 nurses, nurse managers, and educational managers with the in-service education of nursing staffs...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894378/an-experimental-approach-to-linguistic-representation
#2
Holly P Branigan, Martin J Pickering
Within the cognitive sciences, most researchers assume that it is the job of linguists to investigate how language is represented, and that they do so largely by building theories based on explicit judgments about patterns of acceptability - whereas it is the task of psychologists to determine how language is processed, and that in doing so, they do not typically question the linguists' representational assumptions. We challenge this division of labor, by arguing that structural priming provides an implicit method of investigating linguistic representations that should end the current reliance on acceptability judgments...
November 29, 2016: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882630/workplace-stress-burnout-and-coping-a-qualitative-study-of-the-experiences-of-australian-disability-support-workers
#3
Megan J Judd, Kate P Dorozenko, Lauren J Breen
Disability support workers (DSWs) are the backbone of contemporary disability support services and the interface through which disability philosophies and policies are translated into practical action. DSWs often experience workplace stress and burnout, resulting in a high turnover rate of employees within the non-professional disability service workforce. The full implementation of the National Disability Insurance Scheme in Australia is set to intensify the current challenges of attracting and retaining DSWs, as the role becomes characterised by greater demands, ambiguity and conflict...
November 23, 2016: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876456/a-qualitative-study-of-the-current-situation-of-elderly-care-in-iran-what-can-we-do-for-the-future
#4
Salime Goharinezhad, Mohammadreza Maleki, Hamid Reza Baradaran, Hamid Ravaghi
BACKGROUND: With the successful improvement of global health systems and social security in societies, the world is now advancing toward aging. All countries have to face the phenomenon of population aging sooner or later depending on their degree of development; however, elderly care is predicted to soon become a major concern for developing countries such as Iran. OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to identify the challenges of elderly care in Iran and to help policymakers develop roadmaps for the future through providing a clearer image of the current state of affairs in this area of healthcare...
2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875605/sustaining-family-physicians-in-urban-underserved-settings
#5
Anne Getzin, Bonnie L Bobot, Deborah Simpson
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to identify factors that sustain family physicians practicing in Milwaukee's underserved urban areas. METHODS: Family physicians with clinical careers in Milwaukee's urban, underserved communities were identified and invited to participate in a 45-60 minute interview using a literature-based semi-structured protocol. Each interview was transcribed and de-identified prior to independent analysis using a grounded theory qualitative approach by two authors to yield sustaining themes...
November 2016: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874297/organizational-infrastructure-in-the-collegiate-athletic-training-setting-part-i-quality-of-life-comparisons-and-commonalities-among-the-models
#6
Stephanie M Mazerolle, Christianne M Eason, Ashley Goodman
CONTEXT:  Some anecdotal evidence has suggested that organizational infrastructure may affect the quality of life of athletic trainers (ATs). OBJECTIVE:  To compare ATs' perspectives on work-life balance, role strain, job satisfaction, and retention in collegiate practice settings within the various models. DESIGN:  Cross-sectional and qualitative study. SETTING:  National Collegiate Athletic Association Divisions I, II, and III...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852237/using-cognitive-pre-testing-methods-in-the-development-of-a-new-evidenced-based-pressure-ulcer-risk-assessment-instrument
#7
S Coleman, J Nixon, J Keen, D Muir, L Wilson, E McGinnis, N Stubbs, C Dealey, E A Nelson
BACKGROUND: Variation in development methods of Pressure Ulcer Risk Assessment Instruments has led to inconsistent inclusion of risk factors and concerns about content validity. A new evidenced-based Risk Assessment Instrument, the Pressure Ulcer Risk Primary Or Secondary Evaluation Tool - PURPOSE-T was developed as part of a National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) funded Pressure Ulcer Research Programme (PURPOSE: RP-PG-0407-10056). This paper reports the pre-test phase to assess and improve PURPOSE-T acceptability, usability and confirm content validity...
November 16, 2016: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849646/team-based-primary-care-the-medical-assistant-perspective
#8
Bethany Sheridan, Alyna T Chien, Antoinette S Peters, Meredith B Rosenthal, Joanna Veazey Brooks, Sara J Singer
BACKGROUND: Team-based care has the potential to improve primary care quality and efficiency. In this model, medical assistants (MAs) take a more central role in patient care and population health management. MAs' traditionally low status may give them a unique view on changing organizational dynamics and teamwork. However, little empirical work exists on how team-based organizational designs affect the experiences of low-status health care workers like MAs. PURPOSES: The aim of this study was to describe how team-based primary care affects the experiences of MAs...
November 15, 2016: Health Care Management Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835981/testing-a-videogame-intervention-to-recalibrate-physician-heuristics-in-trauma-triage-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Deepika Mohan, Matthew R Rosengart, Baruch Fischhoff, Derek C Angus, Coreen Farris, Donald M Yealy, David J Wallace, Amber E Barnato
BACKGROUND: Between 30 and 40 % of patients with severe injuries receive treatment at non-trauma centers (under-triage), largely because of physician decision making. Existing interventions to improve triage by physicians ignore the role that intuition (heuristics) plays in these decisions. One such heuristic is to form an initial impression based on representativeness (how typical does a patient appear of one with severe injuries). We created a video game (Night Shift) to recalibrate physician's representativeness heuristic in trauma triage...
November 11, 2016: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828888/approach-to-a-standardized-injury-prevention-coordinator-training-curriculum
#10
Pina Violano, Ian Weston, Glen Tinkoff
The effectiveness of trauma center-based injury prevention programs is constrained by a number of variables. These include the wide range of injury types, the variety of possible interventions, institutional support and funding, and the knowledge and experience of the persons responsible for these programs. As the field of injury prevention has increased in complexity, so must the role and professional development of these injury prevention professionals responsible for these programs. Trauma center-based injury prevention coordinators are a diverse group with variable education and professional background especially related to public health, advocacy, epidemiology, biostatistics, and research...
November 2016: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825692/barriers-to-accessing-optimal-esophageal-cancer-care-for-socioeconomically-disadvantaged-patients
#11
Christina M Lineback, Colin M Mervak, Sha'shonda L Revels, Micheal T Kemp, Rishindra M Reddy
BACKGROUND: The 5-year survival of patients with low socioeconomic status (SES) and esophageal cancer is significantly lower than that in patients with high SES. It is poorly understood what causes these worse outcomes. We hypothesized that a qualitative approach could elucidate the underlying causes of these differences. METHODS: Patients with a diagnosis of esophageal cancer were recruited through flyers in regional cancer centers as well as through Facebook advertisements in cancer support groups and newspapers; they participated in a 1-hour semistructured interview or completed an online survey...
November 5, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818453/female-non-regular-workers-in-japan-their-current-status-and-health
#12
Mariko Inoue, Mariko Nishikitani, Shinobu Tsurugano
The participation of women in the Japanese labor force is characterized by its M-shaped curve, which reflects decreased employment rates during child-rearing years. Although, this M-shaped curve is now improving, the majority of women in employment are likely to fall into the category of non-regular workers.Based on a review of the previous Japanese studies of the health of non-regular workers, we found that non-regular female workers experienced greater psychological distress, poorer self-rated health, a higher smoking rate, and less access to preventive medicine than regular workers did...
November 3, 2016: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817760/a-process-evaluation-of-a-psychomotor-dance-therapy-intervention-dancin-for-behavior-change-in-dementia-attitudes-and-beliefs-of-participating-residents-and-staff
#13
Azucena Guzmán, Lisa Robinson, Lynn Rochester, Ian A James, Julian C Hughes
BACKGROUND: In a previous paper, we presented results from a 12-week study of a Psychomotor DANCe Therapy INtervention (DANCIN) based on Danzón Latin Ballroom that involves motor, emotional-affective, and cognitive domains, using a multiple-baseline single-case design in three care homes. This paper reports the results of a complementary process evaluation to elicit the attitudes and beliefs of home care staff, participating residents, and family members with the aim of refining the content of DANCIN in dementia care...
November 7, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815427/assessing-the-accuracy-of-generalized-inferences-from-comparison-group-studies-using-a-within-study-comparison-approach-the-methodology
#14
Andrew P Jaciw
BACKGROUND: Various studies have examined bias in impact estimates from comparison group studies (CGSs) of job training programs, and in education, where results are benchmarked against experimental results. Such within-study comparison (WSC) approaches investigate levels of bias in CGS-based impact estimates, as well as the success of various design and analytic strategies for reducing bias. OBJECTIVES: This article reviews past literature and summarizes conditions under which CGSs replicate experimental benchmark results...
June 2016: Evaluation Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803635/discriminating-talent-identified-junior-australian-footballers-using-a-fundamental-gross-athletic-movement-assessment
#15
Carl T Woods, Harry G Banyard, Ian McKeown, Job Fransen, Sam Robertson
Talent identification (TID) is a pertinent component of the sports sciences, affording practitioners the opportunity to target developmental interventions to a select few; optimising financial investments. However, TID is multi-componential, requiring the recognition of immediate and prospective performance. The measurement of athletic movement skill may afford practitioners insight into the latter component given its augmented relationship with functional sport specific qualities. It is currently unknown whether athletic movement skill is a discriminant quality in junior Australian football (AF)...
September 2016: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759797/-socio-demographic-and-occupational-factors-associated-with-gains-and-losses-perceived-by-employees-nearing-retirement-in-a-public-university
#16
Paloma de Souza Cavalcante Pissinati, Maria do Carmo Fernandez Lourenço Haddad, José Carlos Dalmas, Marcela Maria Birolim
The aim was to analyze socio-demographic and occupational factors associated with gains and losses perceived by employees nearing retirement in a public university. In an exploratory, cross-sectional, and quantitative survey, employees (n = 164) approaching retirement in a public university in northern Paraná State, Brazil, assigned scales of importance to gains and losses. The data were analyzed with simple and multiple linear regression, based on the sizes of the scales, with socio-demographic and occupational variables as predictors...
October 10, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756282/embedding-new-technologies-in-practice-a-normalization-process-theory-study-of-point-of-care-testing
#17
Caroline H D Jones, Margaret Glogowska, Louise Locock, Daniel S Lasserson
BACKGROUND: Many point of care diagnostic technologies are available which produce results within minutes, and offer the opportunity to deliver acute care out of hospital settings. Increasing access to diagnostics at the point of care could increase the volume and scope of acute ambulatory care. Yet these technologies are not routinely used in many settings. We aimed to explore how point of care testing is used in a setting where it has become 'normalized' (embedded in everyday practice), in order to inform future adoption and implementation in other settings...
October 19, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745681/the-pace-of-technologic-change-implications-for-digital-health-behavior-intervention-research
#18
Kevin Patrick, Eric B Hekler, Deborah Estrin, David C Mohr, Heleen Riper, David Crane, Job Godino, William T Riley
This paper addresses the rapid pace of change in the technologies that support digital interventions; the complexity of the health problems they aim to address; and the adaptation of scientific methods to accommodate the volume, velocity, and variety of data and interventions possible from these technologies. Information, communication, and computing technologies are now part of every societal domain and support essentially every facet of human activity. Ubiquitous computing, a vision articulated fewer than 30 years ago, has now arrived...
November 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717294/wastewater-and-sludge-management-and-research-in-oman-an-overview
#19
Suad Jaffer Al-Lawati, Mushtaque Ahmed, Malik Al-Wardy, Ahmed Al-Busaidi, B S Choudri
It is well recognized that management of wastewater and sludge is a critical environmental issue in many countries. Wastewater treatment and the sludge production take place under different technical, economic and social contexts, thus requiring different approaches and involving different solutions. In most of cases, a regular and environmentally safe wastewater treatment and associated sludge management requires the development of realistic and enforceable regulations as well as treatment systems appropriate to local circumstances...
October 7, 2016: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708456/the-importance-of-realistic-dispersal-models-in-conservation-planning-application-of-a-novel-modelling-platform-to-evaluate-management-scenarios-in-an-afrotropical-biodiversity-hotspot
#20
Job Aben, Greta Bocedi, Stephen C F Palmer, Petri Pellikka, Diederik Strubbe, Caspar Hallmann, Justin M J Travis, Luc Lens, Erik Matthysen
As biodiversity hotspots are often characterized by high human population densities, implementation of conservation management practices that focus only on the protection and enlargement of pristine habitats is potentially unrealistic. An alternative approach to curb species extinction risk involves improving connectivity among existing habitat patches. However, evaluation of spatially explicit management strategies is challenging, as predictive models must account for the process of dispersal, which is difficult in terms of both empirical data collection and modelling...
August 2016: Journal of Applied Ecology
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