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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233243/pilot-mental-health-negative-life-events-and-improving-safety-with-peer-support-and-a-just-culture
#1
Sanne Mulder, Diederik de Rooy
BACKGROUND: In the last 35 yr, 17 commercial aviation accidents and incidents, with 576 fatalities, could likely have been attributed to mental disease of a pilot. Screening tools for mental health risks in airline pilots are needed. There is growing interest in pilot peer-support programs and how to incorporate them in a just culture, meaning that pilots can report mental health complaints without a risk of job or income loss. We combined findings from aviation accidents and incidents with a search of scientific literature to provide data-based recommendations for screening, peer-support, and a just culture approach to mental health problems...
January 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232937/modular-bayesian-networks-with-low-power-wearable-sensors-for-recognizing-eating-activities
#2
Kee-Hoon Kim, Sung-Bae Cho
Recently, recognizing a user's daily activity using a smartphone and wearable sensors has become a popular issue. However, in contrast with the ideal definition of an experiment, there could be numerous complex activities in real life with respect to its various background and contexts: time, space, age, culture, and so on. Recognizing these complex activities with limited low-power sensors, considering the power and memory constraints of the wearable environment and the user's obtrusiveness at once is not an easy problem, although it is very crucial for the activity recognizer to be practically useful...
December 11, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228175/sana-netgo-a-combinatorial-approach-to-using-gene-ontology-go-terms-to-score-network-alignments
#3
Wayne B Hayes, Nil Mamano
Motivation: Gene Ontology (GO) terms are frequently used to score alignments between protein-protein interaction (PPI) networks. Methods exist to measure GO similarity between proteins in isolation, but proteins in a network alignment are not isolated: each pairing is dependent on every other via the alignment itself. Existing measures fail to take into account the frequency of GO terms across networks, instead imposing arbitrary rules on when to allow GO terms. Results: Here we develop NetGO, a new measure that naturally weighs infrequent, informative GO terms more heavily than frequent, less informative GO terms, without arbitrary cutoffs, instead downweighting GO terms according to their frequency in the networks being aligned...
December 7, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219880/the-health-information-technology-competencies-tool-does-it-translate-for-nursing-informatics-in-the-united-states
#4
Carolyn Sipes, Kathleen Hunter, Dee McGonigle, Karen West, Taryn Hill, Toni Hebda
Information technology use in healthcare delivery mandates a prepared workforce. The initial Health Information Technology Competencies tool resulted from a 2-year transatlantic effort by experts from the US and European Union to identify approaches to develop skills and knowledge needed by healthcare workers. It was determined that competencies must be identified before strategies are established, resulting in a searchable database of more than 1000 competencies representing five domains, five skill levels, and more than 250 roles...
December 2017: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211840/occupational-health-risks-and-intervention-strategies-for-us-taxi-drivers
#5
Kate E Murray, Abdimalik Buul, Rasheed Aden, Alyson M Cavanaugh, Luwam Kidane, Mikaiil Hussein, Amelia Eastman, Harvey Checkoway
Research has shown that taxi drivers are at risk for numerous health concerns, such as low back and leg pain, linked to their highly sedentary occupation, long work hours and stressors related to the job (e.g. low income, safety threats). The goal of this study was to explore occupational health risks and opportunities for health interventions with taxi drivers using community-based participatory research (CBPR) methods. A mixed methods approach included first a convenience sample of 19 East African taxi drivers participating in focus group discussions...
December 2, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182375/multilevel-examination-of-job-satisfaction-and-career-intentions-of-collegiate-athletic-trainers-a-quantitative-approach
#6
Christianne M Eason, Stephanie M Mazerolle, Craig R Denegar, William A Pitney, Jennifer McGarry
CONTEXT:   Recent employment data from collegiate athletic training settings have demonstrated departure trends among men and women. These trends have been hypothesized to be related to work-life balance. However, work-life balance is only 1 aspect of a myriad of factors. Due to the complex nature of the work-life interface, a multilevel examination is needed to better understand the precipitators of departure. OBJECTIVE:   To quantitatively examine factors that may influence collegiate athletic trainers' (ATs') job satisfaction and career intentions via a multilevel examination of the work-life interface...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180944/presenteeism-stress-resilience-and-physical-activity-in-older-manual-workers-a-person-centred-analysis
#7
Cecilie Thogersen-Ntoumani, Julie Black, Magnus Lindwall, Anna Whittaker, George M Balanos
This study used a person-centred approach to explore typologies of older manual workers based on presenteeism, stress resilience, and physical activity. Older manual workers (n = 217; 69.1% male; age range 50-77; M age = 57.11 years; SD = 5.62) from a range of UK-based organisations, representing different manual job roles, took part in the study. A cross-sectional survey design was used. Based on the three input variables: presenteeism, stress resilience and physical activity, four distinct profiles were identified on using Latent Profile Analysis...
December 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170305/8%C3%A2-different-approaches-needed-to-manage-ed-demand-among-different-age-groups
#8
Melanie Rimmer, Suzanne Ablard, Colin O'Keeffe, Suzanne Mason
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: A variety of interventions have been proposed to manage rising demand for Emergency and Urgent Care, described by an NHS England review as unsustainable in the long term. However it is unlikely that any suggested approach will be equally suitable for the diverse population of ED users.We aimed to understand the patterns of demand amongst different types of patients attending ED. We also sought to understand the intended and unintended effects of demand management initiatives...
December 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165644/-the-money-can-be-a-motivator-to-me-a-little-but-mostly-pbf-just-helps-me-to-do-better-in-my-job-an-exploration-of-the-motivational-mechanisms-of-performance-based-financing-for-health-workers-in-malawi
#9
Julia Lohmann, Danielle Wilhelm, Christabel Kambala, Stephan Brenner, Adamson S Muula, Manuela De Allegri
Performance-based financing (PBF) is assumed to improve health care delivery by motivating health workers to enhance their work performance. However, the exact motivational mechanisms through which PBF is assumed to produce such changes are poorly understood to date. Although PBF is increasingly recognized as a complex health systems intervention, its motivational effect for individual health workers is still often reduced to financial 'carrots and sticks' in the literature and discourse. Aiming to contribute to the development of a more comprehensive understanding of the motivational mechanisms, we explored how PBF impacted health worker motivation in the context of the Malawian Results-based Financing for Maternal and Newborn Health (RBF4MNH) Initiative...
November 20, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132065/common-components-analysis-an-adapted-approach-for-evaluating-programs
#10
Nicole R Morgan, Kelly D Davis, Cameron Richardson, Daniel F Perkins
Common Components Analysis (CCA) summarizes the results of program evaluations that utilize randomized control trials and have demonstrated effectiveness in improving their intended outcome(s) into their key elements. This area of research has integrated and modified the existing CCA approach to provide a means of evaluating components of programs without a solid evidence-base, across a variety of target outcomes. This adapted CCA approach (a) captures a variety of similar program characteristics to increase the quality of the comparison within components; (b) identifies components from four primary areas (i...
October 12, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122844/optimized-prognosis-assessment-in-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-using-a-cardiac-magnetic-resonance-imaging-risk-score
#11
Thomas Stiermaier, Alexander Jobs, Suzanne de Waha, Georg Fuernau, Janine Pöss, Steffen Desch, Holger Thiele, Ingo Eitel
BACKGROUND: Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) demonstrated great potential for the prediction of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) in ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction. The aim of this study was to develop and validate a CMR-based risk score for ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: The scoring model was developed and validated on ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction cohorts from 2 independent randomized controlled trials (n=738 and n=458 patients, respectively) and included left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction, infarct size, and microvascular obstruction...
November 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121943/managing-intra-eu-mobility-do-who-principles-of-ethical-recruitment-have-relevance
#12
Réka Kovács, Edmond Girasek, Eszter Kovács, Zoltán Aszalós, Edit Eke, Károly Ragány, Zoltán Cserháti, Miklós Szócska
BACKGROUND: The WHO Global Code of Practice on the International Recruitment of Health Personnel provides for guidance in health workforce management and cooperation in the international context. This article aims to examine whether the principles of the voluntary WHO Global Code of Practice can be applied to trigger health policy decisions within the EU zone of free movement of persons. METHODS: In the framework of the Joint Action on European Health Workforce Planning and Forecasting project (Grant Agreement: JA EUHWF 20122201 (see healthworkforce...
November 9, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120312/a-strategic-approach-to-workforce-development-for-local-public-health
#13
Beverley Bryant, Megan Ward
SETTING: In 2009, Peel Public Health set a vision to transform the work of public health from efficient delivery of public health services as defined by provincial mandate to the robust analysis of the health status of the local population and selection and implementation of programming to achieve best health outcomes. A strategic approach to the workforce was a key enabler. PPH is a public health unit in Ontario that serves 1.4 million people. INTERVENTION: An organization-wide strategic workforce development program was instituted...
November 9, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119762/-mortality-study-update-of-workers-exposed-to-vinyl-chloride-in-plants-located-in-ferrara-and-ravenna-emilia-romagna-region-northern-italy
#14
Corrado Scarnato, Rossella Rambaldi, Gianpiero Mancini, Sandra Olanda, Maria Rosa Spagnolo, Elisabetta Previati, Valerio Parmeggiani, Salvatore Minisci, Pietro Comba, Roberta Pirastu
OBJECTIVES: to update the mortality study of subjects exposed to vinyl chloride in the phases of synthesis of the monomer and polymerization in the plants of Ferrara and Ravenna (Emilia-Romagna Region, Northern Italy). DESIGN: both for the whole cohort and for the two plants, standardized mortality ratios (SMRs), with 95% confidence intervals (95%CI), were calculated for different death causes, then stratified by duration and latency, periods of the beginning of work and cumulative exposure (ppm-years)...
September 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090184/the-glasgow-deep-end-links-worker-study-protocol-a-quasi-experimental-evaluation-of-a-social-prescribing-intervention-for-patients-with-complex-needs-in-areas-of-high-socioeconomic-deprivation
#15
Stewart W Mercer, Bridie Fitzpatrick, Lesley Grant, Nai Rui Chng, Catherine A O'Donnell, Mhairi Mackenzie, Alex McConnachie, Andisheh Bakhshi, Sally Wyke
BACKGROUND: 'Social prescribing' can be used to link patients with complex needs to local (non-medical) community resources. The 'Deep End' Links Worker Programme is being tested in general practices serving deprived populations in Glasgow, Scotland. OBJECTIVES: To assess the implementation and impact of the intervention at patient and practice levels. METHODS: Study design: Quasi-experimental outcome evaluation with embedded theory-driven process evaluation in 15 practices randomized to receive the intervention or not...
2017: Journal of Comorbidity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089391/correction-of-odds-ratios-in-case-control-studies-for-exposure-misclassification-with-partial-knowledge-of-the-degree-of-agreement-among-experts-who-assessed-exposures
#16
Igor Burstyn, Paul Gustafson, Javier Pintos, Jérôme Lavoué, Jack Siemiatycki
OBJECTIVES: Estimates of association between exposures and diseases are often distorted by error in exposure classification. When the validity of exposure assessment is known, this can be used to adjust these estimates. When exposure is assessed by experts, even if validity is not known, we sometimes have information about interrater reliability. We present a Bayesian method for translating the knowledge of interrater reliability, which is often available, into knowledge about validity, which is often needed but not directly available, and applying this to correct odds ratios (OR)...
October 31, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071564/an-ecosystem-approach-to-employment-and-autism-spectrum-disorder
#17
David B Nicholas, Wendy Mitchell, Carolyn Dudley, Margaret Clarke, Rosslynn Zulla
Relatively little is yet known about employment readiness and elements that promote access to, and the retention of, employment for adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This paper posits elements within the ecosystem of employment and ASD. The ecosystem approach locates employment among persons with ASD as inextricably linked with broader community resources, family support, workplace capacity building (e.g., employer, co-workers) and policy. Application of the approach is offered through process evaluation data yielded from an ecosystem-informed job readiness program entitled, 'EmploymentWorks Canada'...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064482/development-of-a-total-hydrocarbon-ordinal-job-exposure-matrix-for-workers-responding-to-the-deepwater-horizon-disaster-the-gulf-study
#18
Patricia A Stewart, Mark R Stenzel, Gurumurthy Ramachandran, Sudipto Banerjee, Tran B Huynh, Caroline P Groth, Richard K Kwok, Aaron Blair, Lawrence S Engel, Dale P Sandler
The GuLF STUDY is a cohort study investigating the health of workers who responded to the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico in 2010. The objective of this effort was to develop an ordinal job-exposure matrix (JEM) of airborne total hydrocarbons (THC), dispersants, and particulates to estimate study participants' exposures. Information was collected on participants' spill-related tasks. A JEM of exposure groups (EGs) was developed from tasks and THC air measurements taken during and after the spill using relevant exposure determinants...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047163/from-job-stress-to-intention-to-leave-among-hospital-nurses-a-structural-equation-modelling-approach
#19
Wen-Yen Lo, Li-Yin Chien, Fang-Ming Hwang, Nicole Huang, Shu-Ti Chiou
AIMS: To examine the structural relationships linking job stress to leaving intentions through job satisfaction, depressed mood and stress adaptation among hospital nurses. BACKGROUND: High turnover among nurses is a global concern. Structural relationships linking job stress to leaving intentions have not been thoroughly examined. DESIGN: Two nationwide cross-sectional surveys of full-time hospital staff in 2011 and 2014. METHODS: The study participants were 26,945 and 19,386 full-time clinical nurses in 2011 and 2014, respectively...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046131/understanding-critical-care-nurses-autonomy-in-jordan
#20
Mahmoud Maharmeh
Purpose The aim of this study was to describe Jordanian critical care nurses' experiences of autonomy in their clinical practice. Design/methodology/approach A descriptive correlational design was applied using a self-reported cross-sectional survey. A total of 110 registered nurses who met the eligibility criteria participated in this study. The data were collected by a structured questionnaire. Findings A majority of critical care nurses were autonomous in their decision-making and participation in decisions to take action in their clinical settings...
October 2, 2017: Leadership in Health Services
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