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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823118/epidemiologic-characteristics-of-scrub-typhus-in-jeju-island-korea
#1
Sung Uk Lee
Purpose: Scrub typhus is the most common febrile disease in Autumn season. Jeju Island is the largest island in South Korea and has a distinctive oceanic climate. This study aimed to identify epidemiological characteristics of scrub typhus in Jeju. Methods: From January 2011 to December 2016, total 446 patients were diagnosed with scrub typhus in Jeju. Patient's personal and environmental factors that may relate to scrub typhus had been investigated and retrospectively analyzed...
August 18, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813346/current-opinion-in-clinical-sport-psychology-from-athletic-performance-to-psychological-well-being
#2
REVIEW
Zella E Moore, Kehana Bonagura
Clinical sport psychology (CSP) is a contemporary, empirically informed model that employs a scope, style, and mode of practice built upon cutting-edge findings from both clinical and sport sciences, and that follows the sound methodological traditions of clinical psychology [1(••)]. Conceptualizing athletic performance and well-being through the context of empirical research in both athletic and nonathletic domains of functioning, CSP practice can involve the enhancement of athletic performance, and also the personal development and psychological well-being of performers...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802444/identifying-the-critical-physical-demanding-tasks-of-paramedic-work-towards-the-development-of-a-physical-employment-standard
#3
Steven L Fischer, Kathryn E Sinden, Renee S MacPhee
Public safety related occupations including police, fire and military commonly apply physical employment standard (PES) to facilitate job matching, an approach to evaluate if candidates demonstrate acceptable physical capabilities as required to perform the job safely and effectively. In Canada, paramedics remain as one of the few public safety occupations without an evidence-based, validated PES. The purpose of this study was to document and describe the physical demands of paramedic work and to identify the most physically demanding tasks...
November 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794392/sustainability-of-green-jobs-in-portugal-a-methodological-approach-using-occupational-health-indicators
#4
Sandra Moreira, Lia Vasconcelos, Carlos Silva Santos
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to develop a methodological tool to analyze and monitor the green jobs in the context of Occupational Health and Safety. METHODS: A literature review in combination with an investigation of Occupational Health Indicators was performed. The resulting tool of Occupational Health Indicators was based on the existing information of "Single Report" and was validated by national's experts. RESULTS: The tool brings together 40 Occupational Health Indicators in four key fields established by World Health Organization in their conceptual framework "Health indicators of sustainable jobs...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774498/vaccine-hesitancy-where-we-are-and-where-we-are-going
#5
REVIEW
Catherine C McClure, Jessica R Cataldi, Sean T O'Leary
PURPOSE: Vaccines represent one of the most important aspects of pediatric preventive care. However, parents are increasingly questioning the safety of and need for vaccines, and as a result, vaccination rates have fallen to dangerously low levels in certain communities. The effects of vaccine hesitancy are widespread. Community pediatricians who interact regularly with vaccine-hesitant parents report higher levels of burnout and lower levels of job satisfaction. Not surprisingly, vaccine hesitancy has also had direct influence on vaccination rates, which in turn are linked to increased emergency department use, morbidity, and mortality...
July 31, 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757303/risk-accuracy-of-type-2-diabetes-in-middle-aged-adults-associations-with-sociodemographic-clinical-psychological-and-behavioural-factors
#6
Barbora Silarova, Fiona E Douglas, Juliet A Usher-Smith, Job G Godino, Simon J Griffin
OBJECTIVE: To identify the proportion of individuals with an accurate perception of their risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D) prior to, immediately after and eight weeks after receiving a personalised risk estimate. Additionally, we aimed to explore what factors are associated with underestimation and overestimation immediately post-intervention. METHODS: Cohort study based on the data collected in the Diabetes Risk Communication Trial. We included 379 participants (mean age 48...
July 21, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749155/assisting-upon-entry-helping-type-and-approach-as-moderators-of-how-role-conflict-affects-newcomer-resource-drain
#7
Peter A Bamberger, Dvora Geller, Etti Doveh
We extend recent research on the costs and benefits of helping to help providers by asking whether and under what conditions newcomer help giving may amplify or mitigate the role-conflict-based resource drain such individuals may experience in the context of their initial socialization. Drawing from conservation of resources (COR) theory, we propose that whether providing assistance to peers enhances or weakens newcomer help providers' resilience to such conflict-based resource drain (i.e., exhaustion) depends on both the type of help given (instrumental vs...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738728/job-task-characteristics-of-australian-emergency-services-volunteers-during-search-and-rescue-operations
#8
Aaron Silk, Gavin Lenton, Robbie Savage, Brad Aisbett
Search and rescue operations are necessary in locating, assisting and recovering individuals lost or in distress. In Australia, land-based search and rescue roles require a range of physically demanding tasks undertaken in dynamic and challenging environments. The aim of the current research was to identify and characterise the physically demanding tasks inherent to search and rescue operation personnel within Australia. These aims were met through a subjective job task analysis approach. In total, 11 criterion tasks were identified by personnel...
July 25, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736473/theoretical-and-empirical-comparison-of-big-data-image-processing-with-apache-hadoop-and-sun-grid-engine
#9
Shunxing Bao, Frederick D Weitendorf, Andrew J Plassard, Yuankai Huo, Aniruddha Gokhale, Bennett A Landman
The field of big data is generally concerned with the scale of processing at which traditional computational paradigms break down. In medical imaging, traditional large scale processing uses a cluster computer that combines a group of workstation nodes into a functional unit that is controlled by a job scheduler. Typically, a shared-storage network file system (NFS) is used to host imaging data. However, data transfer from storage to processing nodes can saturate network bandwidth when data is frequently uploaded/retrieved from the NFS, e...
February 11, 2017: Proceedings of SPIE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736413/an-innovative-methodological-approach-to-building-successful-community-partnerships-for-improving-insurance-coverage-health-and-health-care-in-high-risk-communities
#10
Glenn Flores, Candy Walker, Hua Lin, Michael Lee, Marco Fierro, Monica Henry, Alberto Portillo, Kenneth Massey
BACKGROUND: More than 48% of U.S. children are racial/ethnic minorities, 21% are poor, and 6% are uninsured. It is unclear, however, what methods are most effective for identifying and engaging community partners in study enrollment of these children in high-risk communities. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate a new methodological approach to the screening, identification, and intervention study enrollment of uninsured minority children. METHODS: We developed, implemented, and evaluated a methodological approach consisting of four components: (1) identify communities with the highest proportions of low-income minority families with uninsured children, (2) hire minority research staff responsible for community engagement and data collection, (3) implement and evaluate a parent mentor (PM) intervention built on community partnerships and which creates jobs, and (4) successfully execute the research by engaging appropriate community partners...
2017: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716704/-psychosocial-working-conditions-of-physician-assistants-results-from-a-qualitative-study-on-occupational-stress-resources-possible-approaches-to-prevention-and-intervention-needs
#11
Patricia Vu-Eickmann, Adrian Loerbroks
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have documented adverse psychosocial working conditions among health care staff. Working conditions may not only impair the health outcomes of this professional group, but can also affect the quality of care they deliver to patients. Previous work stress research has mainly focused on physicians and nurses. Comparable evidence remains limited, however, for physician assistants (Medizinische Fachangestellte, MFAs), who represent the largest professional group in German primary care...
July 14, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711885/-factors-associated-with-job-satisfaction-of-human-resources-in-healthcare
#12
Тетяна А Вежновець, Валентин Д Парій, Іван І Вишнивецький, Максим В Москаленко
INTRODUCTION: Healthcare employee satisfaction is an important criterion for the efficiency of human resource management and prognostic impact factor for high turnover of staff. Furthermore, job satisfaction positively affects patient satisfaction, which is an important indicator for quality of care. AIM: The goal of our study was to identify factors associated with job satisfaction in healthcare organizations in Ukraine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted sociological and psychological survey of 190 healthcare professionals (81% response rate) in Kherson City Hospital...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699393/mental-health-promotion-competencies-in-the-health-sector-in-finland-a-qualitative-study-of-the-views-of-professionals
#13
Nina Tamminen, Pia Solin, Eija Stengård, Lasse Kannas, Tarja Kettunen
AIMS: In this study, we aimed to investigate what competencies are needed for mental health promotion in health sector practice in Finland. METHODS: A qualitative study was carried out to seek the views of mental health professionals regarding mental health promotion-related competencies. The data were collected via two focus groups and a questionnaire survey of professionals working in the health sector in Finland. The focus groups consisted of a total of 13 professionals...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695485/new-opportunities-in-exposure-assessment-of-occupational-epidemiology-use-of-measurements-to-aid-exposure-reconstruction-in-population-based-studies
#14
REVIEW
Pamela J Dopart, Melissa C Friesen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Exposure assessment efforts in population-based studies are increasingly incorporating measurements. The published literature was reviewed to identify the measurement sources and the approaches used to incorporate measurements into these efforts. RECENT FINDINGS: The variety of occupations and industries in these studies made collecting participant-specific measurements impractical. Thus, the starting point was often the compilation of large databases of measurements from inspections, published literature, and other exposure surveys...
July 10, 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693398/use-of-evidence-based-management-in-healthcare-administration-decision-making
#15
Ruiling Guo, Steven D Berkshire, Lawrence V Fulton, Patrick M Hermanson
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine whether healthcare leaders use evidence-based management (EBMgt) when facing major decisions and what types of evidence healthcare administrators consult during their decision-making. This study also intends to identify any relationship that might exist among adoption of EBMgt in healthcare management, attitudes towards EBMgt, demographic characteristics and organizational characteristics. Design/methodology/approach A cross-sectional study was conducted among US healthcare leaders...
July 3, 2017: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676940/prior-experiences-of-behavioral-health-treatment-among-uninsured-young-adults-served-in-a-psychiatric-crisis-setting
#16
Sarah Carter Narendorf, Richard Wagner, Nicole Fedoravicius, Micki Washburn
This study qualitatively explored the past treatment experiences of uninsured young adults who sought public emergency psychiatric care. Qualitative interviews were conducted with a racially diverse sample of 55 young adults (ages 18-25) using a semi-structured interview guide, and analyzed using a team-based open coding approach. Findings emerged in three broad areas-provider-related factors, treatment-related factors, and environmental factors. Young adults talked about the importance of providers respecting and listening to them, the perceived advantages and disadvantages of therapy and medication treatment, and aspects of the environment that resulted in positive and negative experiences, particularly in inpatient settings...
July 4, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650725/exposure-to-benzene-in-a-pooled-analysis-of-petroleum-industry-case-control-studies
#17
D C Glass, A R Schnatter, G Tang, T W Armstrong, L Rushton
Cases of lymphohematopoietic cancer from three petroleum industry cohorts, matched to controls from the respective cohort, were pooled into single study. Average benzene exposure was quantitatively estimated in ppm for each job based on measured data from the relevant country, adjusted for the specific time period, site and job exposure characteristics and the certainty of the exposure estimate scored. The probability of dermal exposure and of peak exposure was also assessed. Before risk was examined, an exposure estimate comparison and rationalisation exercise was performed across the studies to ensure accuracy and consistency of approach...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638034/-post-graduated-education-and-medical-pedagogics-a-new-approach-based-on-the-competence-oriented-educational-program-for-neurologists-in-the-field-of-children-epileptology
#18
O A Milovanova, S Yu Astanina, I E Tambiev, N D Andreeva
The highly qualified performance of jobs according to professional standards due to the reformed system of additional professional education is one of the objectives of practical health care. The development of the educational program 'Children epileptology. Clinical, diagnostic and treatment issues' for increasing the qualification of neurologists was based on the competent approach that orients the content and process of education on the formation of competence in work performance. Work performance, in its turn, allowed the determination of professional tasks by neurologists...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618100/characteristics-of-an-effective-nursing-clinical-instructor-the-state-of-the-science
#19
Angela Dawn Collier
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this paper is to analyze the perceived characteristics of an effective nursing clinical instructor and methods for measure instructor effectiveness. This review also examined importance of characteristics based on student age. BACKGROUND: The clinical instructor has a vital role in clinical education. While the role may be well defined, the characteristics these instructors need to do their jobs effectively are not. DESIGN: An integrative review from 1985 to present using four key terms: nursing, clinical, teaching, and effectiveness...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588998/significance-of-informal-on-the-job-learning-and-leadership-development-in-health-systems-lessons-from-a-district-finance-team-in-south-africa
#20
S Choonara, J Goudge, N Nxumalo, J Eyles
BACKGROUND: The district health system (DHS) has a critical role to play in the delivery of primary healthcare (PHC). Effective district management, particularly leadership is considered to be crucial element of the DHS. Internationally, the debate around developing leadership competencies such as motivation or empowerment of staff, managing relationships, being solution driven as well as fostering teamwork are argued to be possible through approaches such as formal and informal training...
January 2017: BMJ Global Health
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