keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

person specification

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161758/young-athletes-health-knowledge-system-qualitative-analysis-of-health-learning-processes-in-adolescent-sportspersons
#1
Laura I Rodríguez-Serrano, Toomas Timpka, Joakim Ekberg, Örjan Dahlström, Jenny Jacobsson
Recognized side effects on health associated with sports participation in youth include overtraining, doping, and exposure to harassment and violence. Many of these effects originate in contexts where young athletes are beginning to make decisions about their sports practices on their own. This study set out to explore knowledge and reasoning about health among adolescent athletes and to describe how health knowledge management structures are associated with different social systems. Qualitative data were collected from focus groups involving 65 young Swedish athletes aged 16 to 17 years...
November 21, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161720/development-of-ostqol-a-measure-of-quality-of-life-for-patients-in-opioid-substitution-treatment
#2
Lisa Strada, Gabriele Helga Franke, Bernd Schulte, Jens Reimer, Uwe Verthein
BACKGROUND: Quality of life (QOL) of patients in opioid substitution treatment (OST) is increasingly being addressed in research. However, no disease- or treatment-specific instrument is available to assess the QOL of this target population. The purpose of this project was to develop the first QOL instrument for OST patients. METHODS: Focus groups with 60 OST patients were analyzed using thematic analysis to elicit key QOL themes as perceived by patients. Identified themes were developed into items and refined through pilot testing and cognitive debriefing...
November 21, 2017: European Addiction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161697/age-period-cohort-modeling-of-multiple-sclerosis-incidence-rates-in-kuwait-1980-2014
#3
Saeed Akhtar, Jarrah Al-Abkal, Jasem Y Al-Hashel, Raed Alroughani
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a complex immune-mediated disorder of the central nervous system with undefined etiology. Genetic predisposition and environmental factors play an imperative role in MS causation and its sustained increasing burden worldwide. This study examined the age, period, and cohort effects on MS incidence rates in Kuwait. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, data on MS cases diagnosed between January 1, 1980 and December 31, 2014 and registered in National MS Registry and reference population were obtained...
November 21, 2017: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161673/reduced-resting-state-thalamostriatal-functional-connectivity-is-associated-with-excessive-daytime-sleepiness-in-persons-with-and-without-depressive-disorders
#4
David T Plante, Rasmus M Birn, Erin C Walsh, Roxanne M Hoks, M Daniela Cornejo, Heather C Abercrombie
BACKGROUND: Excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) is a common and significant problem encountered in affective illness, however, the biological underpinnings of EDS in persons with psychiatric disorders are not clear. This study evaluated the associations between thalamic connectivity with cortical and subcortical brain regions with EDS in persons with and without depressive disorders (DD). METHODS: Resting-state functional connectivity magnetic resonance imaging scans from 67 unmedicated young to middle-aged women with current DD (n = 30), remitted DD (n = 13), and healthy controls (n = 24) were utilized to examine the associations between thalamic connectivity with cortical/subcortical structures and EDS...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161422/prevalence-and-genetic-variability-of-human-polyomaviruses-6-and-7-in-healthy-skin-among-asymptomatic-individuals
#5
Yumiko Hashida, Tomonori Higuchi, Shigenobu Matsuzaki, Kimiko Nakajima, Shigetoshi Sano, Masanori Daibata
Background: Despite the pathogenetic potential of human polyomavirus 6 (HPyV6) and human polyomavirus 7 (HPyV7), they have been found in the normal skin of healthy individuals. However, little is known about the prevalence, infection levels, and geographical variations of these polyomaviruses in the skin. Methods: Using skin swabs from 470 participants aged 2-98 years, we estimated the prevalence of copy numbers of HPyV6 and HPyV7 with respect to age and ethnicity...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161262/the-value-of-confirmatory-testing-in-early-infant-hiv-diagnosis-programmes-in-south-africa-a-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#6
Lorna Dunning, Jordan A Francke, Divya Mallampati, Rachel L MacLean, Martina Penazzato, Taige Hou, Landon Myer, Elaine J Abrams, Rochelle P Walensky, Valériane Leroy, Kenneth A Freedberg, Andrea Ciaranello
BACKGROUND: The specificity of nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs) used for early infant diagnosis (EID) of HIV infection is <100%, leading some HIV-uninfected infants to be incorrectly identified as HIV-infected. The World Health Organization recommends that infants undergo a second NAAT to confirm any positive test result, but implementation is limited. Our objective was to determine the impact and cost-effectiveness of confirmatory HIV testing for EID programmes in South Africa...
November 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161187/network-mapping-with-gimme
#7
Adriene M Beltz, Kathleen M Gates
Network science is booming! While the insights and images afforded by network mapping techniques are compelling, implementing the techniques is often daunting to researchers. Thus, the aim of this tutorial is to facilitate implementation in the context of GIMME, or group iterative multiple model estimation. GIMME is an automated network analysis approach for intensive longitudinal data. It creates person-specific networks that explain how variables are related in a system. The relations can signify current or future prediction that is common across people or applicable only to an individual...
November 2017: Multivariate Behavioral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160454/pharmaceutical-care-in-brazil-s-primary-health-care
#8
Patricia Sodré Araújo, Ediná Alves Costa, Augusto Afonso Guerra, Francisco de Assis Acurcio, Ione Aquemi Guibu, Juliana Álvares, Karen Sarmento Costa, Margô Gomes de Oliveira Karnikowski, Orlando Mario Soeiro, Silvana Nair Leite
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the activities of clinical nature developed by pharmacists in basic health units and their participation in educational activities aiming at health promotion. METHODS: This article is part of the Pesquisa Nacional sobre Acesso, Utilização e Promoção do Uso Racional de Medicamentos - Serviços, 2015 (PNAUM - National Survey on Access, Use and Promotion of Rational Use of Medicines - Services, 2015), a cross-sectional and exploratory study, of evaluative nature, consisting of a survey of information in a representative sample of cities, stratified by the Brazilian regions that constitute domains of study, and a subsample of primary health care services...
November 13, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160244/pulmonary-aspiration-in-adjustable-gastric-banding-carriers-undergoing-a-second-surgical-procedure-considerations-on-personal-experience-and-review-of-the-literature
#9
Contardo Vergani, Marco Venturi, Sara Badiali, Barbara Chella, Enrico Mozzi
BACKGROUND: The observation of a relatively high number of pulmonary aspirations (PA) among gastric band (GB) carriers undergoing a second surgery, prompted us to modify our strategy for GB patients candidate to further operation under general anesthesia. MATERIAL OF STUDY AND RESULTS: In January 2013, following the occurrence of PA at the induction of general anesthesia in 1 GB carrier undergoing a further operation, we reviewed our Data Base between January 2005 and 2013, to explore the rate of pulmonary aspiration in patients GB carriers undergoing a second surgery...
November 7, 2017: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159841/trends-in-hepatitis-c-related-mortality-in-switzerland
#10
O Keiser, F Giudici, B Müllhaupt, C Junker, J-F Dufour, D Moradpour, P Bruggmann, B Terziroli, D Semela, M Brezzi, B Bertisch, J Estill, F Negro, A Spoerri
In order to accurately assess the burden of hepatitis C (HCV) and develop effective interventions, we must understand the magnitude and trends of mortality related to the disease. In the United States, HCV-related mortality is continuously increasing. We have no comparable data for Switzerland and other European countries, although a modelling study predicted a similar increase. We analysed time trends (1 January 1995-31 December 2014) in HCV-specific mortality rates in the Swiss general population using the death registry of the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (SFSO)...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159365/novel-stool-based-protein-biomarkers-for-improved-colorectal-cancer-screening-a-case-control-study
#11
Linda J W Bosch, Meike de Wit, Thang V Pham, Veerle M H Coupé, Annemieke C Hiemstra, Sander R Piersma, Gideon Oudgenoeg, George L Scheffer, Sandra Mongera, Jochim Terhaar Sive Droste, Frank A Oort, Sietze T van Turenhout, Ilhame Ben Larbi, Joost Louwagie, Wim van Criekinge, Rene W M van der Hulst, Chris J J Mulder, Beatriz Carvalho, Remond J A Fijneman, Connie R Jimenez, Gerrit A Meijer
Background: The fecal immunochemical test (FIT) for detecting hemoglobin is used widely for noninvasive colorectal cancer (CRC) screening, but its sensitivity leaves room for improvement. Objective: To identify novel protein biomarkers in stool that outperform or complement hemoglobin in detecting CRC and advanced adenomas. Design: Case-control study. Setting: Colonoscopy-controlled referral population from several centers...
November 21, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158844/quantitative-imaging-for-targeted-radionuclide-therapy-dosimetry-technical-review
#12
REVIEW
Tiantian Li, Edwin C I Ao, Bieke Lambert, Boudewijn Brans, Stefaan Vandenberghe, Greta S P Mok
Targeted radionuclide therapy (TRT) is a promising technique for cancer therapy. However, in order to deliver the required dose to the tumor, minimize potential toxicity in normal organs, as well as monitor therapeutic effects, it is important to assess the individualized internal dosimetry based on patient-specific data. Advanced imaging techniques, especially radionuclide imaging, can be used to determine the spatial distribution of administered tracers for calculating the organ-absorbed dose. While planar scintigraphy is still the mainstream imaging method, SPECT, PET and bremsstrahlung imaging have promising properties to improve accuracy in quantification...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158609/three-way-interaction-of-neuroticism-extraversion-and-conscientiousness-in-the-internalizing-disorders-evidence-of-disorder-specificity-in-a-psychiatric-sample
#13
Kristin Naragon-Gainey, Leonard J Simms
It is well-established that neuroticism, extraversion, and conscientiousness are individually associated with internalizing disorders, but research suggests that these main effects may be qualified by a three-way interaction when predicting depression. The current study was the first to examine this three-way interaction in a psychiatric sample (N=463) with a range of internalizing symptoms as the outcomes. Using two omnibus personality inventories and a diagnostic interview, the expected three-way interaction emerged most consistently for symptoms of major depression, and there was also evidence of synergistic effects for post-traumatic stress disorder and generalized anxiety disorder...
October 2017: Journal of Research in Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157869/adapting-and-validating-a-measure-of-diabetes-specific-self-compassion
#14
M L Tanenbaum, R N Adams, J S Gonzalez, S J Hanes, K K Hood
AIMS: Self-compassion (SC), or treating oneself with kindness when dealing with personal challenges, has not been rigorously examined in people with T1D. SC has been shown to buffer against negative emotions and to be linked to improved health outcomes, but diabetes-specific SC has not been studied. This study aimed to adapt the Self-Compassion Scale and validate it for a diabetes-specific population. METHODS: We developed and validated a diabetes-specific version of the Self-Compassion Scale (Neff, 2003) in a sample of adults with T1D (N=542; 65% female; 97% non-Hispanic White; M age 41, SD=15...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157576/a-professionalism-and-safety-code-of-conduct-designed-for-undergraduate-nursing-students
#15
Nadia Ali Muhammad Ali Charania, Diane L Ferguson, Esther Bay, Barbara S Freeland, Kimberly Bradshaw, Karen Harden
Nationally, professionalism and safety are key concepts in nursing practice. Although they are traditionally viewed as individual concepts, we believe they are closely linked to and depend on one another. Herein, professionalism and safety are developed as a paired concept with specific indicators. The purpose of this paper is to describe the process used to develop and implement a professionalism and safety Code of Conduct for undergraduate nursing students and to share the end product of this process. Based on input from students, faculty, and health system partners in our academic-service partnership, the current definition and Code include six student behavioral domains: communication, self-awareness, self-care, professional image, responsible learning, and personal accountability...
November 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157515/legal-capacity-of-persons-with-disabilities-in-ethiopia-the-need-to-reform-existing-legal-frameworks
#16
Mohammed Hamza Marishet
The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) prohibited deprivation legal capacity of persons with disability based on assessment of mental capacity. The assertion is that, persons with disabilities shall exercise their legal capacity in all aspects of life without any restrictions that are based on mental incapacity (such as, unsoundness of mind, deficit in mental capacity, dotage, etc. This approach signifies a shift from substituted decision making, where another person act on behalf of persons with mental disabilities, to supported decision making where the person with mental disability is assisted in decision making...
November 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157333/a-cohort-mortality-study-among-soviet-and-russian-cosmonauts-1961-2014
#17
Igor B Ushakov, Yuri I Voronkov, Igor V Bukhtiyarov, Galina I Tikhonova, Tatyana Yu Gorchakova, Mariya S Bryleva
INTRODUCTION: Over 500 people from different countries have been to space since the first manned spaceflight in 1961. Factors of space and spaceflights might cause functional and somatic disorders, leading to increased mortality. Our research goal was to assess cause-specific risk of death among Soviet and Russian cosmonauts who had at least one spaceflight. METHODS: The epidemiological cohort study included 115 male cosmonauts. The observation period was 54 yr (January 1, 1961-December 31, 2014) and 2707 person-years of follow-up were obtained...
December 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157259/a-qualitative-exploration-of-perceptions-and-experiences-of-contraceptive-use-abortion-and-post-abortion-family-planning-services-pafp-in-three-provinces-in-china
#18
Yan Che, Esther Dusabe-Richards, Shangchun Wu, Yi Jiang, Xiaojing Dong, Jian Li, Wei-Hong Zhang, Marleen Temmerman, Rachel Tolhurst
BACKGROUND: The INPAC project aims to evaluate the effectiveness of integrated post-abortion family planning (PAFP) services into existing hospital based abortion services in China. A qualitative study was conducted in three provinces to contribute to developing effective PAFP services through understanding influences on contraceptive use, experiences of abortion and existing PAFP, and their effect on future contraceptive practices from the perspective of users, in the context of social and institutional change...
November 21, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156792/liquid-biopsy-in-colon-cancer-comparison-of-different-circulating-dna-extraction-systems-following-absolute-quantification-of-kras-mutations-using-intplex-allele-specific-pcr
#19
Vera Kloten, Nadine Rüchel, Nadina Ortiz Brüchle, Janina Gasthaus, Nils Freudenmacher, Florian Steib, Jolein Mijnes, Julian Eschenbruch, Marcel Binnebösel, Ruth Knüchel, Edgar Dahl
Non-invasive molecular analysis of circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) is a promising application in personalized cancer management, although there is still much to learn about the biological characteristics of ctDNA. The present study compared absolute amounts of KRAS mutated ctDNA and total circulating cell-free DNA (cfDNA) in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients (n=50) from various stages and healthy controls (n=8) by Intplex allele-specific and digital droplet PCR. In addition, the impact of two prominent extraction techniques (silica-based membrane vs...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156546/systematic-review-of-epigenetic-effects-of-pharmacological-agents-for-bipolar-disorders
#20
REVIEW
Laura E Lockwood, Nagy A Youssef
Epigenetic effects of medications are an evolving field of medicine, and can change the landscape of drug development. The aim of this paper is to systematically review the literature of the relationship between common medications used for treatment of bipolar disorders and epigenetic modifications. MedLine/PubMed searches were performed based on pre-specified inclusion criteria from inception to November 2017. Six animal and human studies met the inclusion criteria. These studies examined the epigenetic changes in the main classes of medications that are used in bipolar disorders, namely mood stabilizers and antipsychotics...
November 18, 2017: Brain Sciences
keyword
keyword
90552
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"