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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340390/the-association-of-eating-performance-and-environmental-stimulation-among-older-adults-with-dementia-in-nursing-homes-a-secondary-analysis
#1
Wen Liu, Ying-Ling Jao, Kristine Williams
BACKGROUND: Nursing home residents with dementia experience increased risk for compromised eating performance due to intrapersonal, interpersonal, and environmental factors. Environmental stimulation is physical, social, and/or sensory stimulation present in the environment that can potentially trigger individuals' emotion or motivate physical reactions. Beyond the personal factors, there is a lack of evidence on how environmental stimulation influences individuals' eating performance at mealtimes...
March 9, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340017/patient-reporting-of-undesirable-events-a-pilot-study-in-china
#2
Jia Yan, Ke Liu, Lifeng Zhang, Ting Chu, Xuehua Wang
Objective: To identify the frequency of undesirable events reported by patients during hospitalization and explore the relationship between undesirable events and perception of safety and satisfaction with care in China. Design: Cross-sectional survey. Setting: Chinese university hospital. Participants: Adult patients (N = 341) discharged from medical and surgical departments. Interventions: Patients were interviewed post-discharge using a survey instrument to ask whether they had experienced specific undesirable events during hospitalization...
March 10, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339992/rheumatoid-arthritis-specific-cardiovascular-risk-scores-are-not-superior-to-general-risk-scores-a-validation-analysis-of-patients-from-seven-countries
#3
Cynthia S Crowson, Sherine E Gabriel, Anne Grete Semb, Piet L C M van Riel, George Karpouzas, Patrick H Dessein, Carol Hitchon, Virginia Pascual-Ramos, George D Kitas
Objectives.: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk calculators developed for the general population do not accurately predict CVD events in patients with RA. We sought to externally validate risk calculators recommended for use in patients with RA including the EULAR 1.5 multiplier, the Expanded Cardiovascular Risk Prediction Score for RA (ERS-RA) and QRISK2. Methods.: Seven RA cohorts from UK, Norway, Netherlands, USA, South Africa, Canada and Mexico were combined...
March 8, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339690/automated-classification-of-eligibility-criteria-in-clinical-trials-to-facilitate-patient-trial-matching-for-specific-patient-populations
#4
Kevin Zhang, Dina Demner-Fushman
Objective: To develop automated classification methods for eligibility criteria in ClinicalTrials.gov to facilitate patient-trial matching for specific populations such as persons living with HIV or pregnant women. Materials and Methods: We annotated 891 interventional cancer trials from ClinicalTrials.gov based on their eligibility for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients using their eligibility criteria. These annotations were used to develop classifiers based on regular expressions and machine learning (ML)...
February 19, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339384/evaluation-of-the-most-frequently-prescribed-extemporaneously-compounded-veterinary-medications-at-a-large-independent-community-pharmacy
#5
Adel H Karara, Ryan Hines, Zehra Demir, Bethran Nnorom, Robert Horsey, Geoffrey Twigg
Extemporaneous drug formulation is essential to provide optimal pharmaceutical care to veterinary patients. The need for this is exacerbated by the fact that commercially produced veterinary-specific products, without a human indication, require specialty veterinary manufacturing facilities and a new animal drug application process to gain marketing approval. This study examined the prescription patterns of extemporaneously compounded veterinary preparations in the compounding department at a large independent community pharmacy...
November 2016: International Journal of Pharmaceutical Compounding
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339334/a-movement-system-impairment-approach-to-evaluation-and-treatment-of-a-person-with-lumbar-radiculopathy-a-case-report
#6
Eileen Miller, Shirley A Sahrmann, Dale Avers
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There are several systems of classification and treatment of patients with low back pain (LBP) based on assessment of the effect of lumbar postures and movements on symptoms. The efficacy of one of these systems, The Movement System Impairment (MSI) method, has not yet been demonstrated in the literature. The purpose of this case report is to describe the approach of the MSI method for an individual with lumbar radiculopathy. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 79-year-old woman with a history of chronic LBP was referred to PT with a physician's diagnosis of sciatica...
March 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335530/risk-of-suicide-and-dysfunctional-patterns-of-personality-among-bereaved-substance-users
#7
Laura Masferrer, Beatriz Caparrós
Background: Research has shown that suicide is a phenomenon highly present among the drug dependent population. Different studies have demonstrated an upraised level of comorbidity between personality disorders (PD) and substance use disorders (SUD). This study aimed to describe which PDs are more frequent among those patients with a risk of suicide. Methods: The study was based on a consecutive non-probabilistic convenience sample of 196 bereaved patients attended to in a Public Addiction Center in Girona (Spain)...
March 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335044/semi-automated-de-identification-of-german-content-sensitive-reports-for-big-data-analytics
#8
Hannes Seuss, Peter Dankerl, Matthias Ihle, Andrea Grandjean, Rebecca Hammon, Nicola Kaestle, Peter A Fasching, Christian Maier, Jan Christoph, Martin Sedlmayr, Alexander Cavallaro, Matthias Hammon
Purpose Projects involving collaborations between different institutions require data security via selective de-identification of words or phrases. A semi-automated de-identification tool was developed and evaluated on different types of medical reports natively and after adapting the algorithm to the text structure. Materials and Methods A semi-automated de-identification tool was developed and evaluated for its sensitivity and specificity in detecting sensitive content in written reports. Data from 4671 pathology reports (4105 + 566 in two different formats), 2804 medical reports, 1008 operation reports, and 6223 radiology reports of 1167 patients suffering from breast cancer were de-identified...
March 23, 2017: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334832/the-n-glycosylation-of-immunoglobulin-g-as-a-novel-biomarker-of-parkinson-s-disease
#9
Alyce C Russell, Mirna Šimurina, Monique T Garcia, Mislav Novokmet, Youxin Wang, Igor Rudan, Harry Campbell, Gordan Lauc, Meghan G Thomas, Wei Wang
The use of the emerging "omics" technologies for large scale population screening is promising in terms of predictive, preventive and personalized medicine. For Parkinson's disease, it is essential that an accurate diagnosis is obtained and disease progression can be monitored. Immunoglobulin G (IgG) has the ability to exert both anti-inflammatory and pro-inflammatory effects, and the N-glycosylation of the fragment crystallizable portion of IgG is involved in this process. This study aimed to determine whether the IgG glycome could be a candidate biomarker for Parkinson's disease...
March 17, 2017: Glycobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334012/challenges-of-developing-a-cardiovascular-risk-calculator-for-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#10
Cynthia S Crowson, Silvia Rollefstad, George D Kitas, Piet L C M van Riel, Sherine E Gabriel, Anne Grete Semb
OBJECTIVE: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk calculators designed for use in the general population do not accurately predict the risk of CVD among patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), who are at increased risk of CVD. The process of developing risk prediction models involves numerous issues. Our goal was to develop a CVD risk calculator for patients with RA. METHODS: Thirteen cohorts of patients with RA originating from 10 different countries (UK, Norway, Netherlands, USA, Sweden, Greece, South Africa, Spain, Canada and Mexico) were combined...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333821/committee-opinion-no-693-counseling-about-genetic-testing-and-communication-of-genetic-test-results
#11
(no author information available yet)
Given the increasing availability and complexity of genetic testing, it is imperative that the practicing obstetrician-gynecologist or other health care provider has a firm comprehension of the benefits, limitations, and risks of offering a specific genetic test, as well as the importance of appropriate pretest and posttest counseling. The purpose of this Committee Opinion is to provide an outline of how obstetrician-gynecologists and other health care providers can best incorporate these tests into their current practices and provide appropriate pretest and posttest counseling to patients...
April 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333813/committee-opinion-no-693-summary-counseling-about-genetic-testing-and-communication-of-genetic-test-results
#12
(no author information available yet)
Given the increasing availability and complexity of genetic testing, it is imperative that the practicing obstetrician-gynecologist or other health care provider has a firm comprehension of the benefits, limitations, and risks of offering a specific genetic test, as well as the importance of appropriate pretest and posttest counseling. The purpose of this Committee Opinion is to provide an outline of how obstetrician-gynecologists and other health care providers can best incorporate these tests into their current practices and provide appropriate pretest and posttest counseling to patients...
April 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333581/the-social-construction-of-fibromyalgia-as-a-health-problem-from-the-perspective-of-policies-professionals-and-patients
#13
Erica Briones-Vozmediano
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia is a painful chronic disease, suffered mainly by women, that consolidates a number of symptoms and skeletal muscle issues which are little understood. OBJECTIVES: To explore the social construction of FM from the perspective of health policies, patients, and health professionals involved in their medical attention. METHODS: I) Policy review of national and regional health plans in a national and international context, the clinical protocols for fibromyalgia in Spain, and the Parliamentary initials in the European and Spanish context; and ii) Qualitative study involving 28 personal interviews with 16 fibromyalgia patients and 12 interviews with health care professionals in Spain...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333528/achievement-goal-profiles-among-adolescent-males-and-females
#14
David Litalien, Alexandre J S Morin, Dennis M McInerney
Achievement goal theory has long been a dominant model in the study of student motivation. However, a relatively small number of researchers have investigated gender differences in achievement goals or have considered the possible role that social and extrinsic goals may play in student academic motivation. Adopting a person-centered multiple goals perspective based on personal investment theory, this longitudinal study investigated whether males and females shared similar goal profiles, and whether the predictors (facilitating conditions) and outcomes (learning processes, task perseverance, and future aspirations) of these profiles were equivalent across genders...
April 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333496/divergent-effects-of-distance-versus-velocity-disturbances-on-emotional-experiences-during-goal-pursuit
#15
James W Beck, Abigail A Scholer, Jeffrey Hughes
Disturbances are factors outside of a person's control that influence goal progress. Although disturbances are typically included in theoretical accounts of goal pursuit, relatively little empirical research has explicitly considered the effects of disturbances on the goal-striving process. We address this gap in the literature by examining the effects that disturbances have on the emotional experience of goal pursuit. More importantly, we differentiate between distance disturbances (changes to the amount of progress made) and velocity disturbances (changes to the rate of progress made)...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333474/examining-the-psychology-of-working-theory-decent-work-among-sexual-minorities
#16
Richard P Douglass, Brandon L Velez, Sarah E Conlin, Ryan D Duffy, Jessica W England
Research has found heterosexist discrimination negatively relates to vocational outcomes among lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) people, but no known study has examined how heterosexist discrimination relates to the attainment of decent work. Building from the Psychology of Working Theory, which proposes that specific forms of marginalization coupled with economic constraints limit a person's ability to secure decent work, the present study examined theoretically hypothesized pathways to decent work among a sample of employed sexual minority adults...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333231/tolerability-of-integrase-inhibitors-in-a-real-life-setting
#17
Judit Peñafiel, Elisa de Lazzari, Mireia Padilla, Jhon Rojas, Ana Gonzalez-Cordon, Jose L Blanco, Jordi Blanch, Maria A Marcos, Montserrat Lonca, Maria Martinez-Rebollar, Montserrat Laguno, Amparo Tricas, Ana Rodriguez, Josep Mallolas, Jose M Gatell, Esteban Martinez
Background: Integrase inhibitors have shown better tolerability than other drugs in clinical trials, but some post-marketing data have suggested potential differences among them. Aims: We compared rates and reasons for discontinuation of raltegravir-, elvitegravir- and dolutegravir-based regimens in a large cohort of HIV-infected patients. Methods: Retrospective analysis of a prospectively followed cohort including all antiretroviral-naive and all virologically suppressed antiretroviral-experienced patients prescribed a first regimen containing raltegravir, elvitegravir or dolutegravir with at least one follow-up visit...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333179/obtaining-antibiotics-online-from-within-the-uk-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Sara Elizabeth Boyd, Luke Stephen Prockter Moore, Mark Gilchrist, Ceire Costelloe, Enrique Castro-Sánchez, Bryony Dean Franklin, Alison Helen Holmes
Background: Improved antibiotic stewardship (AS) and reduced prescribing in primary care, with a parallel increase in personal internet use, could lead citizens to obtain antibiotics from alternative sources online. Objectives: A cross-sectional analysis was performed to: (i) determine the quality and legality of online pharmacies selling antibiotics to the UK public; (ii) describe processes for obtaining antibiotics online from within the UK; and (iii) identify resulting AS and patient safety issues...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332861/treatment-of-nightmares-in-psychiatric-inpatients-with-imagery-rehearsal-therapy-an-open-trial-and-case-series
#19
Thomas E Ellis, Katrina A Rufino, Michael R Nadorff
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to assess the utility of Imagery Rehearsal Therapy (IRT) for nightmares in an inpatient psychiatric setting. Although IRT enjoys a substantial evidence base for efficacy in various populations, data with psychiatric inpatients are lacking. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were 20 adult psychiatric inpatients (11 male, 9 female; mean age=43.4), in an extended stay psychiatric inpatient facility. All participants were diagnosed with multiple, treatment resistant, comorbid conditions, including mood disorders, anxiety disorders, personality disorders, and substance-related disorders...
March 23, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332338/goal-disengagement-well-being-and-goal-achievement-in-romantic-couples-pursuing-health-behavior-change-evidence-from-two-daily-diary-studies
#20
Janina Lüscher, Corina Berli, Urte Scholz
BACKGROUND: Withdrawing effort and commitment from important goals (i.e. goal disengagement) has been discussed as an effective aspect of goal adaption. However, studies have focused especially on between-person differences. The present studies aimed to investigate within-person differences in goal disengagement within a dyadic context of romantic couples. Across two different health behaviors, we specifically tested whether goal disengagement would be associated with better well-being, but lower goal achievement in everyday life...
March 2017: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
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