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Shaun K McGovern, Audrey L Blewer, Andrew Murray, Marion Leary, Benjamin S Abella, Raina M Merchant
STUDY A: im Recent investigations have suggested that CPR training rates are low within the U.S and barriers to CPR training are poorly understood. Social media holds great potential for large scale capture of the public's CPR training experiences and may illuminate barriers to CPR training. While studies have examined Twitter data for behaviors associated with cardiovascular health, no investigation has evaluated Twitter data to understand public perception of CPR training. We characterized Tweet content about CPR training and associated sentiment to better understand barriers associated with CPR training...
March 12, 2018: Resuscitation
Abdulwahab A Alkhamis
BACKGROUND: Insufficient knowledge of health insurance benefits could be associated with lack of access to health care, particularly for minority populations. This study aims to assess the association between expatriates' knowledge of health insurance benefits and lack of access to health care. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was conducted from March 2015 to February 2016 among 3398 insured male expatriates in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The dependent variable was binary and expresses access or lack of access to health care...
March 15, 2018: BMC Public Health
C N Ezisi, B I Eze, O Okoye, O Arinze
Objective: To assess the awareness of work-related ocular health hazards and utilization of personal protective eye devices (PPEDs) among stone quarry workers in Abakaliki, southeastern Nigeria. Materials and Methods: In a cross-sectional survey of stone quarry industry workers in Abakiliki, conducted between March and April, 2012, data on participants' socio-demographics, job characteristics, PPED awareness, and utilization were collected. Descriptive and analytical statistics were performed...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Lara Manuela Guedes de Pinho, Anabela Maria de Sousa Pereira, Cláudia Margarida Correia Balula Chaves
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship of sociodemographic and clinical characteristics and satisfaction with social support with the quality of life of schizophrenic patients. METHODOLOGY: This study included a sample of 268 participants. An interview was conducted to obtain sociodemographic and clinical data, supplemented with two assessment tools used to evaluate quality of life (World Health Organization Quality of Life instrument-Abbreviated version - WHOQOL-Bref) and satisfaction with social support (Social Support Satisfaction Scale - SSSS)...
March 8, 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Panos Sarigiovannis, Steve Cropper
BACKGROUND: Physiotherapy assistants account for approximately 20% of the physiotherapy workforce across a community health service in North Staffordshire. Although their job descriptions state that the post is primarily clinical, their role depends heavily on the qualified physiotherapists and how they utilize their clinical skills. METHODS: An audit of the physiotherapy assistants' tasks was carried out to reveal whether the physiotherapy assistants' time spent on clinical tasks complied with their job descriptions...
March 13, 2018: Musculoskeletal Care
Mark Beitel, Lindsay Oberleitner, Dharushana Muthulingam, David Oberleitner, Lynn M Madden, Ruthanne Marcus, Anthony Eller, Madeline H Bono, Declan T Barry
BACKGROUND: Little is known about possible experiences of burnout among drug counselors in opioid treatment programs that are scaling up capacity to address the current opioid treatment gap. METHODS: Participants in this quality improvement study were 31 drug counselors employed by large opioid treatment programs whose treatment capacities were expanding. Experiences of burnout and approaches for managing and/or preventing burnout were examined using individual semi-structured interviews, which were audiotaped, transcribed, and systematically coded by a multidisciplinary team using grounded theory...
March 9, 2018: Substance Abuse
Sheree Smith, Janice Gullick, Jacqueline Ballard, Lin Perry
AIM: To discuss the international experience of clinical research support for noninvestigator roles and to propose a new pathway for Australia, to promote a sustainable research support workforce capable of delivering high-quality clinical research. BACKGROUND: Noninvestigator research support roles are currently characterized by an ad hoc approach to training, with limited role delineation and perceived professional isolation with implications for study completion rates and participant safety...
March 8, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Practice
Kristin Akerjordet, Trude Furunes, Annie Haver
AIM: To provide a synthesis of the evidence of health-promoting leadership related to nursing by exploring definitions, core attributes and critical conditions. BACKGROUND: Increasing pressure in health-care settings due to efficiency requirements, population aging with complex illnesses and projected global shortage of nurses, is a potential threat to nurses' health and job satisfaction, as well as patient quality of care and safety. New ways of thinking about nursing leadership and evidence-based human resource management are required to improve nursing environments...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Kaya Verbooy, Marlies Wagener, Meriam Kaddouri, Pepijn Roelofs, Harald Miedema, Eric van Gorp, Werner Brouwer, Job van Exel
Health problems may cause decreased productivity among working people. It is unclear if this also applies for people living with HIV (PLWH). This cross-sectional study compares data of PLWH of one of the main HIV treatment centres in the Netherlands (n = 298) to data of the general working population from a previously conducted study (n = 986). We investigate whether productivity at work differs between these groups. The questionnaires used in these studies contained a core of identical questions regarding productivity losses, in the form of absenteeism and presenteeism, over a four-week period and a variety of baseline characteristics, including health status measured with EQ-5D...
March 7, 2018: AIDS Care
Robin Brown, Howard Wey, Kay Foland
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine relationships between change fatigue, resilience, and job satisfaction among novice and seasoned hospital staff nurses. BACKGROUND: Health care is typified by change. Frequent and vast changes in acute care hospitals can take a toll on nurses and cause change fatigue, which has been largely overlooked and under-researched. DESIGN AND METHOD: A descriptive correlational design was employed with 521 hospital staff nurses in one midwestern state...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
Adedeji O Afolabi, Rapheal A Ojelabi, Patience F Tunji-Olayeni, Olabosipo I Fagbenle, Timothy O Mosaku
The unique qualities of women can make them bearers of solutions towards achieving sustainability and dealing with the dangers attributed to climate change. The attitudinal study utilized a questionnaire instrument to obtain perception of female construction professionals. By using a well-structured questionnaire, data was obtained on women participating in green jobs in the construction Industry. Descriptive statistics is performed on the collected data and presented in tables and mean scores (MS). In addition, inferential statistics of categorical regression was performed on the data to determine the level of influence (beta factor) the identified barriers had on the level of participation in green jobs...
April 2018: Data in Brief
Ilaria Setti, Peter G van der Velden, Valentina Sommovigo, Maria S Ferretti, Gabriele Giorgi, Deirdre O'Shea, Piergiorgio Argentero
Thefts and robberies may be traumatizing experiences for employees. The aim of this study is to explore to what extent experiencing robberies and/or thefts at work affect workers' mental health, coping-self-efficacy, social support seeking, workload and job satisfaction. Drawing on Conservation of Resources theory, this research contributes to our understanding of the psychological sequelae of robbery and theft for employees working in small businesses. The few studies on the effects of robberies and thefts in the past have predominantly focused on bank employees...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Mehdi Ben Khelil, Mona Mlika, Nidhal Haj Salem, Ali Chadly, Ahmed Banasr, Moncef Hamdoun
BACKGROUND: Job satisfaction is a key element in managing human resources despite the scope of practice. It is intimately linked to motivation but acts independently. AIM: To evaluate the degree of job satisfaction of the teaching physicians practicing in the hospitals of Tunis. METHODS: It was a descriptive study including a sample of 75 teaching physicians practicing in Tunis hospitals, selected randomly and anonymously with a 1:20 scale with a matching based on the grade and the speciality...
June 2017: La Tunisie Médicale
Tanja K Carøe, Niels E Ebbehøj, Jens P E Bonde, Esben M Flachs, Tove Agner
BACKGROUND: Wet work is an important risk factor for occupational hand eczema. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effect of job change in workers with occupational hand eczema caused by wet work, and to evaluate the dose-response relationship between intensity of wet work and eczema. METHOD: The study is based on a subgroup (n = 954) from a descriptive, registry-based study including all participants with occupational hand eczema caused by wet work recognized by the Danish Labour Market Insurance Authority in 2010 and 2011...
March 6, 2018: Contact Dermatitis
Fatma Omrane, Imed Gargouri, Moncef Khadhraoui, Boubaker Elleuch, Denis Zmirou-Navier
BACKGROUND: Sfax is a very industrialized city located in the southern region of Tunisia where heavy metals (HMs) pollution is now an established matter of fact. The health of its residents mainly those engaged in industrial metals-based activities is under threat. Indeed, such workers are being exposed to a variety of HMs mixtures, and this exposure has cumulative properties. Whereas current HMs exposure assessment is mainly carried out using direct air monitoring approaches, the present study aims to assess health risks associated with chronic occupational exposure to HMs in industry, using a modeling approach that will be validated later on...
March 5, 2018: BMC Public Health
S Ç Durmuş, D Ekici, A Yildirim
AIM: This study was conducted to determine the level of collaboration amongst nurses in Turkey. BACKGROUND: Collaboration amongst nurses is thought to increase nurse-physician collaboration and decrease medical mistakes. It has been connected with positive patient outcomes and increased job satisfaction for nurses. There are some studies on nurse-physician collaboration in Turkey, but nurse-nurse collaboration has not been measured before in this context. There are limited studies in the literature on nurse-nurse collaboration...
March 5, 2018: International Nursing Review
Yolanda Covington-Ward, Kafuli Agbemenu, Annamore Matambanadzo
BACKGROUND: This study examines stress and stress management from the perspective of African immigrants in southwestern Pennsylvania. Our research questions explore how participants define stress, the most common causes of stress, manifestations of stress, and common strategies for stress management. METHODS: We conducted a descriptive, cross-sectional, qualitative study with 34 African immigrants. Data were collected via three focus groups. Qualitative data were audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed to identify common themes...
2018: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
Omid Rezaei, Kamelia Habibi, Davood Arab Ghahestany, Mohammad Sayadnasiri, Bahram Armoon, Vida Khan, Ladan Fattah Moghadam
Background One of the most prevalent problems in work places that is considered as an important risk factor for the health of the employee is job burnout (JB). JB could be harmful to employees, their families and society. Therefore, decreasing JB among individuals and determining factors associated with it is important to improve the working environment and prevent its negative outcomes. This study aims to elicit the conditions and factors that cause job burnout among nurses of the Razi Psychiatric Hospital, Iran...
March 3, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Savanna L Carson, Kate Perkins, Maura R Reilly, Myung-Shin Sim, Su-Ting T Li
BACKGROUND: Residency program leaders are required to support resident well-being, but often do not receive training in how to do so. OBJECTIVE: Determine frequency in which program leadership provides support for resident well-being, comfort in supporting resident well-being, and factors associated with need for additional training in supporting resident well-being. METHODS: National cross-sectional web-based survey of pediatric program directors, associate program directors, and coordinators in June 2015, on their experience supporting resident well-being...
February 27, 2018: Academic Pediatrics
Justin A Charles, Peder Ahnfeldt-Mollerup, Jens Søndergaard, Troels Kristensen
Background : Previous studies have demonstrated that high levels of physician empathy may be correlated with improved patient health outcomes and high physician job satisfaction. Knowledge about variation in empathy and related general practitioner (GP) characteristics may allow for a more informed approach to improve empathy among GPs. Objective : Our objective is to measure and analyze variation in physician empathy and its association with GP demographic, professional, and job satisfaction characteristics...
March 2, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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