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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328277/finding-the-right-frameworks
#1
Sam Foster
Sam Foster, Chief Nurse at Heart of England NHS Foundation Trust, discusses the issues around job descriptions, curricula and opportunities for progression needed to ensure care delivery is fit for existing and future patients.
March 9, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326162/trauma-informed-care-for-children-in-the-ambulance-international-survey-among-pre-hospital-providers
#2
Eva Alisic, Mark P Tyler, Melita J Giummarra, Rahim Kassam-Adams, Juul Gouweloos, Markus A Landolt, Nancy Kassam-Adams
Background: Pre-hospital providers, such as paramedics and emergency medical technicians, are in a position to provide key emotional support to injured children and their families. Objective: Our goal was to examine (a) pre-hospital providers' knowledge of traumatic stress in children, attitudes towards psychosocial aspects of care, and confidence in providing psychosocial care, (b) variations in knowledge, attitudes, and confidence according to demographic and professional characteristics, and (c) training preferences of pre-hospital providers regarding psychosocial care to support paediatric patients and their families...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321279/job-satisfaction-and-attitudes-towards-nursing-care-among-nurses-working-at-mzuzu-central-hospital-in-mzuzu-malawi
#3
Maloni Nyirenda, Patricia Mukwato
BACKGROUND: Job satisfaction is a major determinant of performance at the workplace. Studies have shown that job dissatisfaction can intensify emotional exhaustion, and this can influence nurses to perceive their work as tiresome and repetitive, leading to frustration and discouragement. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between job satisfaction and attitude towards nursing care at Mzuzu Central Hospital in Mzuzu, Malawi. METHODS: This was a descriptive correlational study...
December 2016: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321177/moving-towards-universal-health-coverage-through-the-development-of-integrated-service-delivery-packages-for-primary-health-care-in-the-solomon-islands
#4
Stephen Whiting, Tenneth Dalipanda, Sjoerd Postma, Ayesha Jamshaid de Lorenzo, Audrey Aumua
The Solomon Islands Government is pursuing integrated care with the goal of improving the quality of health service delivery to rural populations. Under the auspices of Universal Health Coverage, integrated service delivery packages were developed which defined the clinical and public health services that should be provided at different levels of the health system. The process of developing integrated service delivery packages helped to identify key policy decisions the government needed to make in order to improve service quality and efficiency...
March 30, 2016: International Journal of Integrated Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319818/a-task-based-assessment-of-parental-occupational-exposure-to-pesticides-and-childhood-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#5
Robert B Gunier, Alice Kang, S Katharine Hammond, Kyndaron Reinier, C Suzanne Lea, Jeffrey S Chang, Monique Does, Ghislaine Scelo, Janice Kirsch, Vonda Crouse, Robert Cooper, Patricia Quinlan, Catherine Metayer
OBJECTIVES: Associations between parental occupational pesticide exposure and childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) vary across studies, likely due to different exposure assessment methodologies. METHODS: We assessed parental occupational pesticide exposure from the year before pregnancy to the child's third year of life for 669 children diagnosed with ALL and 1021 controls. We conducted expert rating using task-based job modules (JM) to estimate exposure to pesticides among farmer workers, gardeners, agricultural packers, and pesticide applicators...
March 16, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303620/nurses-intention-to-remain-employed-in-hospitals-understanding-the-shortage-in-the-context-of-myanmar
#6
Pyone Mjinzu Lwin, Cheerawit Rattanapan, Orapin Laosee
PURPOSE: This study aims to ascertain the rate and identify the factors associated with nurses' intention to remain employed at hospitals in the Yangon Region. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted among 300 nurses aged between 20 and 60 years working at both private and public hospitals in the Yangon Region during May to June 2015. Chi-square tests were used to identify factor associations, and multiple logistic regression was examined to determine predictive factors...
March 16, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299449/contribution-of-job-exposure-matrices-for-exposure-assessment-in-occupational-safety-and-health-monitoring-systems-application-from-the-french-national-occupational-disease-surveillance-and-prevention-network
#7
Arnaud Florentin, Denis Zmirou-Navier, Christophe Paris
OBJECTIVES: To detect new hazards ("signals"), occupational health monitoring systems mostly rest on the description of exposures in the jobs held and on reports by medical doctors; these are subject to declarative bias. Our study aims to assess whether job-exposure matrices (JEMs) could be useful tools for signal detection by improving exposure reporting. METHODS: Using the French national occupational disease surveillance and prevention network (RNV3P) data from 2001 to 2011, we explored the associations between disease and exposure prevalence for 3 well-known pathology/exposure couples and for one debatable couple...
March 16, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289854/seekers-finders-settlers-and-stumblers-identifying-the-career-paths-of-males-in-the-genetic-counseling-profession
#8
Anthony Chen, Pat McCarthy Veach, Cheri Schoonveld, Heather Zierhut
Genetic counseling is a female-dominated profession, with 96% of counselors self-identifying as female. Research suggests gender diversification benefits healthcare professionals and the populations they serve. Therefore, this study explored how men choose a genetic counseling career, associations between career satisfaction and their career entry dynamics and experience levels, and differences due to experience level in how they decide on this profession. Twenty-five novice, experienced, or seasoned male counselors and 8 male genetic counseling students participated in semi-structured phone interviews...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284367/-career-satisfaction-of-german-medical-residents-after-four-years-of-training
#9
Farina Römer, Stine Ziegler, Martin Scherer, Hendrik van den Bussche
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate German residents' career satisfaction and its dependency on intrinsic and extrinsic factors after four years of postgraduate training. Gender, parental status, training conditions and specialty choice were of particular interest. METHODS: Postal questionnaires were sent to medical graduates from seven different German faculties annually, starting in 2009. This paper presents cross-sectional data of domestic, working and training conditions four years after graduation...
February 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283491/factors-influencing-young-men-s-decision-to-undergo-health-screening-in-malaysia-a-qualitative-study
#10
Chin Hai Teo, Chirk Jenn Ng, Alan White
OBJECTIVES: Uptake of health screening is low in men, particularly among those aged <40 years. This study aimed to explore factors that influence health screening behaviour in younger men. DESIGN: This qualitative study employed an interpretive descriptive approach. Two trained researchers conducted in-depth interviews (IDIs) and focus group discussions (FGDs) using a semi-structured topic guide, which was developed based on literature review and behavioural theories...
March 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268043/-i-didn-t-even-know-you-cared-about-that-stuff-youths-perceptions-of-health-care-provider-roles-in-addressing-bullying
#11
Judith A Vessey, Rachel L DiFazio, Tania D Strout
INTRODUCTION: Youth bullying is a critical public health problem, with those exposed to bullying at risk for development of serious sequelae lasting into adulthood. The purpose of this study was to explore youths' perceptions regarding the role that advanced practice nurses and physicians play in addressing bullying. METHODS: A qualitative descriptive approach was used; focus groups were used to generate study data. Twenty-four adolescents participated in focus groups centered on exploring health care providers' roles in addressing bullying...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261122/reference-as-an-interactive-achievement-sequential-and-longitudinal-analyses-of-labeling-interactions-in-shared-book-reading-and-free-play
#12
Vivien Heller, Katharina J Rohlfing
The present study examines how young children and their caregivers establish reference by jointly developing stable patterns of bodily, perceptual, and interactive coordination. Our longitudinal investigation focuses on two mother-child dyads engaged in picture-book reading and play. The dyads were videotaped at home once every 6 weeks while the children aged from 9 to 24 months. Inspired by conversation analysis and multimodal analysis, our developmental approach builds on the insight that the situated and embodied production of reference is fundamentally an interactive achievement...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260848/highly-rated-and-most-frequent-stressors-among-police-officers-gender-differences
#13
John M Violanti, Desta Fekedulegn, Tara A Hartley, Luenda E Charles, Michael E Andrew, Claudia C Ma, Cecil M Burchfiel
This descriptive study examined the top five most frequent and highly rated occupational stressors from the Spielberger Police Stress Survey among 365 police officers enrolled in the Buffalo Cardio-Metabolic Occupational Police Stress (BCOPS) Study (2004-2009). Prevalence, frequency, and rating of stressors were compared across gender. Poisson regression was used to estimate the prevalence and prevalence ratio (PR) of events. Analysis of variance was used to compare mean frequency of occurrence and mean stress ratings by gender...
December 2016: American Journal of Criminal Justice: AJCJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236858/correlation-between-weekly-working-time-and-burnout-syndrome-among-anesthesiologists-of-macei%C3%A3-al
#14
Fabiano Timbó Barbosa, Raissa Jardelino Eloi, Luciano Menezes Dos Santos, Bruna Acioly Leão, Fernando José Camelo de Lima, Célio Fernando de Sousa-Rodrigues
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The current jobs are insufficient to determine the causative agent, as well as to identify characteristic high risk profiles for BS, leaving a clear need for more studies to this end. This study objective was to evaluate the correlation between weekly workload and BS dimensions. METHODS: An observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study performed with 43 anesthesiologists from Maceió-AL, with the application of Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) forms...
March 2017: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230434/practice-education-facilitator-roles-and-their-value-to-nhs-organisations
#15
Betsy Scott, Terri Rapson, Liz Allibone, Rozi Hamilton, Constance S Mambanje, Laura Pisaneschi
The role of the practice education facilitator (PEF) was introduced to support the management of large student nurse numbers in clinical areas and to monitor and enhance the quality of placements. While much has been written about the activities and roles undertaken by PEFs, less is known about the value of this type of role to the NHS organisations that employ them. This article explores some of the views of PEFs working in a variety of trusts and organisations in London and surrounding counties. There is no consistent job definition and often insufficient support, leading to some PEFs feeling overwhelmed by the work and isolated within the role...
February 23, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229837/-professional-satisfaction-within-family-health-units-of-central-region
#16
Rui Passadouro, Pedro Lopes Ferreira
INTRODUCTION: Job satisfaction, as an organizational climate indicator, is a complex and subjective phenomenon. It is prone to individual variation, social settings and suitable to multiple explanatory theories. It can impact productivity and absenteeism, predict well-being, and it is associated with mental health, self-esteem and perception of physical health. It is comprised as one of the National Health Service evaluation criteria. This study aimed to assess the level of job satisfaction in family health units of Central Region of the country...
November 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222653/who-is-a-community-health-worker-a-systematic-review-of-definitions
#17
Abimbola Olaniran, Helen Smith, Regine Unkels, Sarah Bar-Zeev, Nynke van den Broek
BACKGROUND: Community health workers (CHWs) can play vital roles in increasing coverage of basic health services. However, there is a need for a systematic categorisation of CHWs that will aid common understanding among policy makers, programme planners, and researchers. OBJECTIVE: To identify the common themes in the definitions and descriptions of CHWs that will aid delineation within this cadre and distinguish CHWs from other healthcare providers. DESIGN: A systematic review of peer-reviewed papers and grey literature...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214136/japanese-guidelines-for-occupational-allergic-diseases-2017
#18
REVIEW
Kunio Dobashi, Kazuo Akiyama, Atsushi Usami, Hiroo Yokozeki, Zenro Ikezawa, Naomi Tsurikisawa, Yoichi Nakamura, Kazuhiro Sato, Jiro Okumura, Kaoru Takayama
In 2013, a guideline for occupational allergic diseases was published for the first time in Japan. Occupational allergic diseases are likely to worsen or become intractable as a result of continuous exposure to high concentrations of causative antigens, and are socioeconomically important diseases with which the patients might sometimes lose jobs due to work interruptions. Guidelines for occupational allergic diseases have been published in many countries. This guideline consists of six chapters about occupational asthma, occupational allergic rhinitis, occupational skin diseases, hypersensitivity pneumonitis and occupational anaphylaxis shock, and legal aspects of these diseases...
February 14, 2017: Allergology International: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Allergology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212633/cooking-smoke-and-respiratory-symptoms-of-restaurant-workers-in-thailand
#19
Chudchawal Juntarawijit, Yuwayong Juntarawijit
BACKGROUND: Restaurant workers are at risk from exposure to toxic compounds from burning of fuel and fumes from cooking. However, the literature is almost silent on the issue. What discussion that can be found in the literature focuses on the potential effects from biomass smoke exposure in the home kitchen, and does not address the problem as occurring in the workplace, particularly in restaurants. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional survey of 224 worker from 142 food restaurants in the Tha Pho sub-district of Phitsanulok, a province in Thailand...
February 17, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194600/vocational-counselors-in-france-comparison-to-competencies-of-employment-specialists-working-in-canadian-ips-programs
#20
Inès de Pierrefeu, Marc Corbière, Bernard Pachoud
Supported employment programs are evidence-based practices to help people with severe mental illness to obtain competitive employment. The competencies of employment specialists working in these programs are key elements related to work integration. In France, the Messidor Association, a prevocational organisation, has developed a practice with similarities to supported employment and is beginning to develop supported employment programs in their context. The objective of this quantitative study was to evaluate the Messidor vocational counselors' competencies using the Behaviors, Attitudes and Knowledge in Employment Specialists' scale by comparing their results to those of employment specialists working in IPS programs in Canada...
February 14, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
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