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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214136/japanese-guidelines-for-occupational-allergic-diseases-2017
#1
REVIEW
Kunio Dobashi, Kazuo Akiyama, Atsushi Usami, Hiroo Yokozeki, Zenro Ikezawa, Naomi Tsurikisawa, Yoichi Nakamura, Kazuhiro Sato, Jiro Okumura, Kaoru Takayama
In 2013, a guideline for occupational allergic diseases was published for the first time in Japan. Occupational allergic diseases are likely to worsen or become intractable as a result of continuous exposure to high concentrations of causative antigens, and are socioeconomically important diseases with which the patients might sometimes lose jobs due to work interruptions. Guidelines for occupational allergic diseases have been published in many countries. This guideline consists of six chapters about occupational asthma, occupational allergic rhinitis, occupational skin diseases, hypersensitivity pneumonitis and occupational anaphylaxis shock, and legal aspects of these diseases...
February 14, 2017: Allergology International: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Allergology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212633/cooking-smoke-and-respiratory-symptoms-of-restaurant-workers-in-thailand
#2
Chudchawal Juntarawijit, Yuwayong Juntarawijit
BACKGROUND: Restaurant workers are at risk from exposure to toxic compounds from burning of fuel and fumes from cooking. However, the literature is almost silent on the issue. What discussion that can be found in the literature focuses on the potential effects from biomass smoke exposure in the home kitchen, and does not address the problem as occurring in the workplace, particularly in restaurants. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional survey of 224 worker from 142 food restaurants in the Tha Pho sub-district of Phitsanulok, a province in Thailand...
February 17, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194600/vocational-counselors-in-france-comparison-to-competencies-of-employment-specialists-working-in-canadian-ips-programs
#3
Inès de Pierrefeu, Marc Corbière, Bernard Pachoud
Supported employment programs are evidence-based practices to help people with severe mental illness to obtain competitive employment. The competencies of employment specialists working in these programs are key elements related to work integration. In France, the Messidor Association, a prevocational organisation, has developed a practice with similarities to supported employment and is beginning to develop supported employment programs in their context. The objective of this quantitative study was to evaluate the Messidor vocational counselors' competencies using the Behaviors, Attitudes and Knowledge in Employment Specialists' scale by comparing their results to those of employment specialists working in IPS programs in Canada...
February 14, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194198/when-does-spiritual-intelligence-particularly-predict-job-engagement-the-mediating-role-of-psychological-empowerment
#4
Mohsen Torabi, Iman Zohoorian Nadali
BACKGROUND: Regarding the importance of health care providers such as nurses who are always in stressful environments, it is imperative to better understand how they become more engaged in their work. The purpose of this paper is to focus on health care providers (nurses), and examine how the interaction between spiritual intelligence and psychological empowerment affect job engagement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This descriptive and quantitative study was conducted among nurses at the Faghihi Hospital in Shiraz, Iran in 2010...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187934/modeling-the-exposure-functions-of-atmospheric-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbon-mixtures-in-occupational-environments
#5
Pascal Petit, Anne Maître, Renaud Persoons, Dominique J Bicout
BACKGROUND: The health risk assessment associated with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) mixtures faces three main issues: the lack of knowledge regarding occupational exposure mixtures, the accurate chemical characterization and the estimation of cancer risks. OBJECTIVES: To describe industries in which PAH exposures are encountered and construct working context-exposure function matrices, to enable the estimation of both the PAH expected exposure level and chemical characteristic profile of workers based on their occupational sector and activity...
February 7, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185485/effects-of-work-environment-on-patient-and-nurse-outcomes
#6
Panagiota Copanitsanou, Nikolaos Fotos, Hero Brokalaki
BACKGROUND: Several parameters of the nurse's work environment lead to fewer patient complications and lower nurse burnout. The aim of this systematic review was the analysis of research data related to the effect of nurses' work environments on outcomes for both patients and nurses. METHODS: Medline was searched by using keywords: 'working conditions', 'work environment', 'nurses', 'nursing staff', 'patients', 'outcomes'. RESULTS: In total, 10 studies were included, of which 4 were cross-sectional and the remaining were descriptive correlational studies...
February 9, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180020/radiation-protection-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-rp-kap-as-predictors-of-job-stress-among-radiation-workers-in-tehran-province-iran
#7
S Shohreh Alavi, Sima Taghizadeh Dabbagh, Mahya Abbasi, Ramin Mehrdad
BACKGROUND: In recent years, much attention has been paid to occupational stress, but relatively little or no research has been conducted on the influence of knowledge, attitude, and practice of radiation protection (RP-KAP) on job stress among radiation workers. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to assess job stress among health care workers in Iran who are occupationally exposed to radiation in order to determine the effects of KAP on self-protection against radiation on their job stress...
October 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180014/prevalence-of-burnout-syndrome-and-associated-factors-among-rural-health-workers-behvarzes-in-south-khorasan
#8
Bita Bijari, Ali Abassi
BACKGROUND: Essential primary health care is delivered through the public health center PHC network by public health workers (Behvarzs). Health workers are exposed to different types of stresses while working. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of burnout and associated factors among rural health workers in the health centers of Birjand University of Medical Sciences. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All rural health workers of health centers under the coverage of the Birjand University of Medical Sciences selected through census sampling participated in this cross-sectional study...
October 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178950/risk-factors-of-the-stigma-towards-psychiatric-patients-among-primary-healthcare-workers-in-china-a-county-study
#9
Yang Wang, Xiaohua Wang, Weijun Zhang, Xiaoyun Liang, Donghua Tian, Zhiyong Qu
BACKGROUND: Attitude towards psychiatric patients among healthcare workers has an impact on quality of medical care and rehabilitation of patients. In China, primary healthcare workers play an important role in mental health care, but little is known about the attitude of them towards psychiatric patients. This study aims to examine the risk factors associated with stigma among primary healthcare workers in West China. METHODS: This cross-sectional study randomly recruited 395 primary healthcare workers in Mianzhu County, China...
February 8, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166580/outcomes-of-embedded-care-management-in-a-family-medicine-residency-patient-centered-medical-home
#10
Robert J Newman, Richard Bikowski, Kristy Nakayama, Tina Cunningham, Pam Acker, Dana Bradshaw
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Much attention is devoted nationally to preventing hospital readmissions and emergency department (ED) use, given the high cost of this care. There is a growing body of evidence from the Patient Centered Primary Care Collaborative that a patient-centered medical home (PCMH) model successfully lowers these costs. Our study evaluates a specific intervention in a family medicine residency PCMH to decrease readmissions and ED utilization using an embedded care manager...
January 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152946/long-term-employment-outcomes-among-partners-of-patients-with-early-stage-breast-cancer
#11
Lauren P Wallner, Cathy Bradley, Sarah T Hawley
: 12 Background: Undesired work loss comprises one of the many personal costs faced by cancer patients and their families. Multiple studies have described the long-term employment outcomes among patients with early-stage breast cancer, and show that a significant proportion of women face long-term job loss as a result of their cancer diagnosis and treatment. However, little is known about the employment outcomes of partners of breast cancer patients. METHODS: Women with non-metastatic breast cancer identified by the Detroit and Los Angeles SEER registries between 6/05-2/07 were surveyed at 9 months (Time 1) and 4 years (Time 2) after diagnosis...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147622/porogranular-materials-composed-of-elastic-helmholtz-resonators-for-acoustic-wave-absorption
#12
Stéphane Griffiths, Benoit Nennig, Stéphane Job
A theoretical and experimental study of the acoustic absorption of granular porous media made of non-cohesive piles of spherical shells is presented. These shells are either rigid or elastic, possibly drilled with a neck (Helmholtz resonators), and either porous or impervious. A description is given of acoustic propagation through these media using the effective medium models proposed by Johnson (rigid particles) and Boutin (rigid Helmholtz resonators), which are extended to the configurations studied in this work...
January 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138090/standardizing-phlebotomy-job-descriptions
#13
Jim Cook
BACKGROUND: The University of Maryland Medical System, like all other medical systems, is faced with providing the highest quality care in an environment of increased demands and competition for resources. Some responses to this pressure include improved integration, coordination, and efficiency. Laboratory integration has been highlighted by our medical system as a promising area for improvement. Standardization of practices, including job descriptions, is an important step on this journey...
February 2017: Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134424/job-satisfaction-and-its-relationship-to-radiation-protection-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-rpkap-of-iranian-radiation-workers
#14
S S Alavi, S T Dabbagh, M Abbasi, R Mehrdad
This study aimed to find the association between job satisfaction and radiation protection knowledge, attitude and practice of medical radiation workers occupationally exposed to ionizing radiation. In this crosssectional study, 530 radiation workers affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences completed a knowledge, attitude and practice questionnaire on protecting themselves against radiation and Job Descriptive Index as a job satisfaction measure during May to November 2014. Opportunities for promotion (84...
January 23, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127257/factors-associated-with-the-choice-of-public-health-service-among-nursing-students-in-thailand
#15
Krisada Sawaengdee, Nareerut Pudpong, Thunthita Wisaijohn, Rapeepong Suphanchaimat, Weerasak Putthasri, Mylene Lagarde, Duane Blaauw
BACKGROUND: Despite the fact that public and private nursing schools have contributed significantly to the Thai health system, it is not clear whether and to what extent there was difference in job preferences between types of training institutions. This study aimed to examine attitudes towards rural practice, intention to work in public service after graduation, and factors affecting workplace selection among nursing students in both public and private institutions. METHODS: A descriptive comparative cross-sectional survey was conducted among 3349 students from 36 nursing schools (26 public and 10 private) during February-March 2012, using a questionnaire to assess the association between training institution characteristics and students' attitudes, job choices, and intention to work in the public sector upon graduation...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125427/toward-developing-a-nurse-endoscopist-role-in-new-zealand
#16
Dawn Tucker, Gill Scrymgeour, Bob Marshall
The purpose of this exploratory descriptive mixed-method study was to explore the potential role of the nurse endoscopist as a part of the solution in fulfilling the workforce requirements of a bowel screening program, ascertain the possible enablers of a nurse endoscopist role in New Zealand, and determine whether there are endoscopy nurses who would wish to follow the nurse endoscopist/nurse practitioner pathway. A questionnaire with both open- and closed-ended questions gained in-depth information regarding the aspirations of New Zealand endoscopy nurses, their perceived enablers and barriers of a nurse endoscopist role, and statistical information on the New Zealand endoscopy nursing workforce...
January 24, 2017: Gastroenterology Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associates
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116339/survey-data-of-stated-farmer-s-preferences-and-willingness-to-supply-straw
#17
Giacomo Giannoccaro
This data article provides a data description on article entitled "Assessing farmers׳ willingness to supply biomass as energy feedstock: Cereal straw in Apulia (Italy)" (G. Giannoccaro, C.B. de Gennaro, E. DeMeo, M. Prosperi, 2017). This DiB consists of data obtained through a survey to farmers in Foggia Province, Italy. The survey was carried out by means of a structured questionnaire administrated to about 200 local wheat producers. Face to face interviews were carried out by professionals. From the hard copy of questionnaire, data were firstly transferred into an excel sheet, than exported to STATA...
April 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103858/the-personal-and-workplace-characteristics-of-uninsured-expatriate-males-in-saudi-arabia
#18
Abdulwahab Alkhamis, Peter Cosgrove, Gamal Mohamed, Amir Hassan
BACKGROUND: A major concern by the health decision makers in Gulf Cooperative Council (GCC) countries is the burden of financing healthcare. While other GCC countries have been examining different options, Saudi Arabia has endeavoured to reform its private healthcare system and control expatriate access to government resources through the provision of Compulsory Employment-Based Health Insurance (CEBHI). The objective of this research was to investigate, in a natural setting, the characteristics of uninsured expatriates based on their personal and workplace characteristics...
January 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102544/nursing-perceptions-of-patient-safety-climate-in-the-gaza-strip-palestine
#19
A Elsous, A Akbari Sari, Y AlJeesh, M Radwan
AIMS: This study was undertaken to assess the perception of nurses about patient safety culture and to test whether it is significantly affected by the nurses' position, age, experience and working hours. BACKGROUND: Patient safety has sparked the interest of healthcare mangers, yet there is limited knowledge about the current patient safety culture among nurses in the Gaza Strip. METHODS: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study, administering the Arabic Safety Attitude Questionnaire (Short Form 2006) to 210 nurses in four public general hospitals...
January 19, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099676/development-of-nurses-professional-competence-early-in-their-career-a-longitudinal-study
#20
Olivia Numminen, Helena Leino-Kilpi, Hannu Isoaho, Riitta Meretoja
BACKGROUND: Research on newly graduated nurses' competence development and associated factors is relatively scarce. METHOD: Data for this longitudinal, descriptive, correlation study were collected during 2012-2014 from 318 Finnish nurses to explore their competence development during the first 3 years after graduation and to estimate the extent to which given work-related factors predicted change in competence. Data were analyzed using NCSS 10 statistical software...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
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