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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926018/assessing-the-extent-and-use-of-risk-analysis-methodologies-in-africa-using-data-derived-from-the-performance-of-veterinary-services-pvs-pathway
#1
P Bastiaensen, D Abernethy, E Etter
African countries that wish to export are increasingly faced with import risk assessments from importing countries concerned about the sources of their imported goods. Other risk analysis methodologies and approaches are also employed, which focus on animal and human health within countries and communities. Based on an analysis of evaluations conducted by the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE), using the Performance of Veterinary Services Tool, the authors attempt to define current practice in Africa and degrees of compliance with the World Trade Organization Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures ('SPS Agreement') and OIE standards...
April 2017: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922173/accommodating-individuals-with-traumatic-brain-injury-an-analysis-of-employer-initiated-cases-handled-by-the-job-accommodation-network
#2
D J Hendricks, Elaine Sampson
BACKGROUND: The Job Accommodation Network (JAN) has provided customized accommodation information to employers, individuals with disabilities, and their representatives (e.g., family, rehabilitation counselors, union representatives) since 1983. For each inquiry where such information is sought, detailed records are maintained regarding the type of inquiries made and the information provided. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the current study is to present a descriptive analysis of the employer-initiated cases related to traumatic brain injury (TBI) handled by the accommodation specialists at JAN during the five years from 2012 through 2016...
September 14, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919597/quality-of-life-in-children-with-asthma-in-bangladesh
#3
M R Hassan, S Kabir, A E Basher, M A Rahman, M A Islam, M K Khan, M S Basher
Asthma is a public health problem that adversely affects different aspects of quality of life. Childhood asthma is common in Bangladesh affecting their lifestyle. The objective of the study was to assess health-related quality of life in children with bronchial asthma. A descriptive, cross-sectional study was carried out from January 2014 to December 2014 at the Outpatient Department of National Asthma Centre, Mohakhali, Dhaka among hundred sixty-two purposively selected children of both sexes with bronchial asthma aged from 7 to 17 years...
July 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915823/patients-with-acute-poisoning-presenting-to-an-urban-emergency-department-of-a-tertiary-hospital-in-tanzania
#4
Ghaniya S Mbarouk, Hendry R Sawe, Juma A Mfinanga, John Stein, Shankar Levin, Victor Mwafongo, Michael S Runyon, Teri A Reynolds, Kent R Olson
BACKGROUND: Poisoning is a major public health concern in sub-Saharan Africa, affecting patients of all age groups. Poisoned patients often present to the emergency department (ED) and prompt evaluation and appropriate management are imperative to ensure optimal outcomes. Unfortunately, little is known about the specific presentations of poisoned patients in East Africa. We describe the clinical and epidemiological features of patients presenting to the Muhimbili National Hospital (MNH) ED with suspected toxicological syndromes...
September 16, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912667/how-do-nurse-consultant-job-characteristics-impact-on-job-satisfaction-an-australian-quantitative-study
#5
Michelle Giles, Vicki Parker, Rebecca Mitchell, Jane Conway
BACKGROUND: There is a direct link between job satisfaction, nurses' job performance and improved patient outcomes. Understanding what job characteristics influence job satisfaction is vital if health organizations are to optimize individual employee satisfaction and performance. This is particularly necessary in the Nurse Consultant role, which is a multifaceted role that has evolved to meet the dynamic and changing needs of health services. This study aims to examine how job characteristics influence Nurse Consultant job satisfaction and identify differences across metropolitan and rural contexts...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894703/health-related-quality-of-life-and-mental-health-of-elderly-by-occupational-status
#6
Yeunhee Kwak, Yoonjung Kim
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to identify the association between health-related quality of life and mental health by elderly Koreans' occupational status. METHODS: This descriptive cross-sectional study consisted of a secondary analysis of data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey V-3 (2012). The sample comprised 1431 people aged 65 yr and older. RESULTS: Compared to participants employed, those not showed lower HRQOL...
August 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890742/who-in-europe-works-beyond-the-state-pension-age-and-under-which-conditions-results-from-share
#7
Morten Wahrendorf, Bola Akinwale, Rebecca Landy, Katey Matthews, David Blane
There is much research about those who exit the labour market prematurely, however, comparatively little is known about people working longer and about their employment and working conditions. In this paper, we describe the employment and working conditions of men and women working between 65 and 80 years, and compare them with previous conditions of those retired in the same age group. Analyses are based on wave 4 data from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) with information collected between 2009 and 2011 from 17,625 older men and women across 16 European countries...
2017: Journal of Population Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881453/the-content-of-nurse-unit-managers-work-a-descriptive-study-using-daily-activity-diaries
#8
Herdís Sveinsdóttir, Katrín Blöndal, Heiður Hrund Jónsdóttir, Helga Bragadóttir
BACKGROUND: NUMs' job description in Icelandic hospitals has been revised and now also includes managerial and financial responsibilities. AIM: To describe the actual work activities of nurse unit managers (NUMs) in surgical and internal medicine services as self-documented and reflected in their job description. DESIGN: Prospective exploratory study. METHOD: The study's setting was the largest hospital in Iceland. Data were collected over 7 days from NUMs working on surgical and medical units with an activity diary listing five domains and 41 activities: 'management and planning' (seven activities), 'staff responsibility (seven activities), 'direct clinical work' (five activities), 'service' (12 activities) and 'other' (nine activities)...
September 7, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881361/-practicals-in-a-psychiatric-clinic-for-occupational-orientation-in-pupils
#9
Annette Schaub, Kim Mueser, Ann-Kathrin Schmidt, Gabriele Koller, Peter Falkai
This pilot study investigates the implementation of a practical program for pupils including psychoeducation aimed to educate them about professions in psychiatry. 29 persons aged between 16-21 years were included in the program for vocational orientation at the Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Munich, from 2013-2016. The 1-2-week program provides information about job descriptions of psychologists and physicians. On average the pupils performed at M=2.75, SD=0.64 and they were motivated...
September 2017: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880423/variation-in-job-titles-within-the-nursing-workforce
#10
Alison Leary, Katrina Maclaine, Paul Trevatt, Mark Radford, Geoffrey Punshon
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES/BACKGROUND: The work of specialist nursing has been under scrutiny for many years in the UK due to a perception that it is not cost-effective. A common issue is the lack of consistency of job titles, which causes confusion to the public, employing organisations, colleagues and commissioners of services. Lack of consistency has implications for the wider perception of advanced specialist practice in the worldwide community and the workforce more generally. This study aims to understand the variation in job titles in the UK population...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877388/motivation-of-the-nurses-in-pre-hospital-emergency-and-educational-hospitals-emergency-in-the-southeast-of-iran
#11
Hojjat Sheikhbardsiri, Gholamreza Khademipour, Mahmoud Nekoei-Moghadam, Mohsen Aminizadeh
INTRODUCTION: Nurses, as the largest human resource element of health care systems, have a major role in providing ongoing, high-quality care to patients. Therefore, due to the importance of this issue, this study aimed to determine job motivation of the nurses in pre-hospital and educational hospitals emergency in the southeast of Iran. METHODS: In this study, a cross-sectional method was used, and it was conducted in educational hospitals and pre-hospital emergencies under supervision of the Kerman University of Medical Sciences in 2017...
September 6, 2017: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874156/job-satisfaction-and-turnover-intentions-among-health-care-staff-providing-services-for-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-in-dar-es-salaam-tanzania
#12
Helga Naburi, Phares Mujinja, Charles Kilewo, Nicola Orsini, Till Bärnighausen, Karim Manji, Gunnel Biberfeld, David Sando, Pascal Geldsetzer, Guerino Chalamila, Anna Mia Ekström
BACKGROUND: Option B+ for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV (i.e., lifelong antiretroviral treatment for all pregnant and breastfeeding mothers living with HIV) was initiated in Tanzania in 2013. While there is evidence that this policy has benefits for the health of the mother and the child, Option B+ may also increase the workload for health care providers in resource-constrained settings, possibly leading to job dissatisfaction and unwanted workforce turnover...
September 6, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874091/gender-in-clinical-neuropsychology-practice-survey-trends-and-comparisons-outside-the-specialty
#13
Jerry J Sweet, Catherine Lee, Leslie M Guidotti Breting, Laura M Benson
OBJECTIVE: This paper describes gender-related trends within clinical neuropsychology, based primarily on recurrent practice surveys within the specialty and, to a lesser extent, job-related information from medical specialties and the general U.S. labor market. METHOD: Chronological and cross-sectional analyses of professional practice survey data from 2005, 2010, and 2015 relevant to gender. As is common with survey data, descriptive analysis and independent samples t-tests were conducted...
September 5, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870444/pharmacists-satisfaction-with-their-work-analysis-of-an-alumni-survey
#14
Maria Gustafsson, Sofia Mattsson, Andy Wallman, Gisselle Gallego
BACKGROUND: The level of job satisfaction among practicing pharmacists is important because it has been found to affect job performance and employee turnover. The Swedish pharmacy market has undergone major changes in recent years, and little is known about pharmacists' job satisfaction. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to investigate the level of job satisfaction and associated factors among graduates from the web-based pharmacy programs at Umeå University...
September 1, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864801/the-evolution-of-the-dental-assisting-profession
#15
Connie Kracher, Carolyn Breen, Kim McMahon, Lorraine Gagliardi, Cara Miyasaki, Katherine Landsberg, Constance Reed
The objectives of this article are to describe the dental assistant's role in the dental delivery system; assess the educational structure of the dental assisting profession; and project factors likely to impact the future role of the dental assistant. The article summarizes the current status and trends of the dental assisting profession including general responsibilities, credentialing, and regulation. An overview of the workforce and parameters of employment is provided with a description of the broad scope of practice, education, and licensure options, which vary by state...
September 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862079/sense-of-community-organizational-commitment-and-quality-of-services
#16
Mai-Stiina Lampinen, ElinaAnnikki Suutala, Anne Irmeli Konu
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine how factors associated with a sense of community in the workplace are connected with organizational commitment and the quality of services among frontline managers and middle managers in social and health care services in Finland. Design/methodology/approach A questionnaire designed specifically for this research was sent to 241 lower-level and middle-level managers in social and health care services in central Finland. A total of 136 managers completed the questionnaire (response rate 56 per cent)...
September 1, 2017: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845851/-the-health-of-foreign-workers-an-italian-and-international-priority
#17
Antonella Bena, Massimiliano Giraudo
About 5 million migrants are resident in Italy. Migrant workers are mainly employed in manual, unqualified jobs that Italians tend not to perform anymore. Compared to Italians, they tend to be more hired by precarious contracts. Migrants present a higher risk of work injuries and occupational illnesses than natives. This excess risk is linked to the concentration of migrants in the most dangerous jobs, greater risk tolerance, language and cultural barriers that reduce the effectiveness of any training actions...
July 2017: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840935/effects-of-physical-limitations-on-daily-activities-among-adults-with-mental-health-disorders-opportunities-for-nursing-and-occupational-therapy-interventions
#18
Jennifer Gardner, Margaret Swarbrick, Ariane Ackerman, Theodora Church, Vanessa Rios, Laura Valente, John Rutledge
Individuals living with mental health disorders served by the public mental health system often face comorbid medical conditions that affect their quality of life and lifespan. The effect of physical limitations on the engagement in daily activities among individuals living with mental health disorders has not been extensively researched. Adults attending community wellness centers (N = 53) in a northeastern United State were included in a descriptive study exploring the impact of physical limitations on daily activities...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838292/balancing-the-cost-of-leaving-with-the-cost-of-living-drivers-of-long-term-retention-of-health-workers-an-explorative-study-in-three-rural-districts-in-eastern-uganda
#19
Suzanne Namusoke Kiwanuka, Martha Akulume, Moses Tetui, Rornald Muhumuza Kananura, John Bua, Elizabeth Ekirapa-Kiracho
BACKGROUND: Health worker retention in rural and underserved areas remains a persisting problem in many low and middle income countries, and this directly affects the quality of health services offered. OBJECTIVE: This paper explores the drivers of long-term retention and describes health worker coping mechanisms in rural Uganda. METHODS: A descriptive qualitative study explored the factors that motivated health workers to stay, in three rural districts of Uganda: Kamuli, Pallisa, and Kibuku...
August 2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833987/factors-influencing-behavioral-intention-to-undergo-papanicolaou-testing-in-early-adulthood-comparison-of-japanese-and-korean-women
#20
Kyung-Ah Kang, Shin-Jeong Kim, Noriyo Kaneko
In this study, we identified the factors influencing behavioral intention to undergo Papanicolaou testing among Japanese and Korean women in early adulthood. Their behavioral intentions were compared in this cross-sectional descriptive study. In total, 887 women (Japanese = 498, Korean = 389) aged 20-39 years participated in this study. Using a self-report questionnaire, knowledge, attitudes, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control, and behavioral intention were surveyed. There were significant differences between Japanese and Korean women's scores on all main variables...
August 23, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
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