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Debbie Selby, Dori Seccaraccia, Jim Huth, Kristin Kurrpa, Margaret Fitch
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to explore healthcare professionals' (HCPs') perception of their role in provision of spiritual care, in addition to attempting to identify a simple question(s) to help identify spiritual distress. BACKGROUND: Spirituality is well recognized as important to whole-person care, particularly in those with terminal illnesses. Understanding the role of front-line providers in the identification and management of spiritual distress, however, remains challenging...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Palliative Medicine
Jodie Oliver-Baxter, Lynsey Brown, Ellen McIntyre
Primary healthcare research strives for high-quality, priority-driven research to inform policy and practice. This relies on a robust and sustainable workforce to tackle complex problems faced in primary health care locally and globally. The current study investigated characteristics, experiences and career paths of the Australian primary healthcare research workforce. Thirty-seven former Research Higher Degree students from University Departments of General Practice and Rural Health completed a survey. Number of provisions for researchers and career path clarity were associated with job satisfaction...
October 14, 2016: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Suzette C Brémault-Phillips, Jasneet Parmar, Steven Friesen, Laura G Rogers, Ashley Pike, Bryan Sluggett
BACKGROUND: The Decision-Making Capacity Assessment (DMCA) Model includes a best-practice process and tools to assess DMCA, and implementation strategies at the organizational and assessor levels to support provision of DMCAs across the care continuum. A Developmental Evaluation of the DMCA Model was conducted. METHODS: A mixed methods approach was used. Survey (N = 126) and focus group (N = 49) data were collected from practitioners utilizing the Model. RESULTS: Strengths of the Model include its best-practice and implementation approach, applicability to independent practitioners and inter-professional teams, focus on training/mentoring to enhance knowledge/skills, and provision of tools/processes...
September 2016: Canadian Geriatrics Journal: CGJ
Nancy L Falk, Nancy Rudner, Deborah Chapa, Jessica Greene
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Demand for primary care services is rising. Nurse practitioners (NPs) serve vital roles in meeting primary care demands. Workforce planning requires understanding NP retirement intentions. This study examines factors that relate to NPs, aged 55 years and older, and their intent to retire within 5 years. METHODS: We used the 2012 National Sample Survey of Nurse Practitioners to examine the relationship between NP demographic characteristics (gender, race/ethnicity, marital status, nursing degree), work environment characteristics (part-time vs...
October 7, 2016: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
Alexa Pupiara Flores Coelho, Carmem Lúcia Colomé Beck, Marcelo Nunes da Silva Fernandes, Natiellen Quatrin Freitas, Francine Cassol Prestes, Juliana Zancan Tonel
Objective: To know the elements of work, health, and living conditions of women who pick recyclable waste and are members of a waste cooperative in a town of the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Method: This is a qualitative, exploratory and descriptive study with seven subjects. Data were collected through participative observation, semi structured interview, and a focus group from July to August of 2013. The data were subjected to content analysis. Results: The following thematic categories emerged: Women's work, informality and precariousness; Experiences of job satisfaction; and Working conditions and health: experiences with accidents, illness and health services...
September 29, 2016: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
Matthew J Soeberg, James Leigh, Nico van Zandwijk
Australia is known to have had the highest per-capita asbestos consumption level of any nation, reaching a peak in the 1970s. Although crocidolite was effectively banned in the late 1960s, and amosite use ceased in the mid 1980s, a complete asbestos ban was not implemented until 2003. This resulted in an epidemic of asbestos-related disease, which has only now reached its peak. Between 1982 and 2011, 13,036 individuals were newly diagnosed with malignant mesothelioma, with 690 diagnosed in 2011. A further 778 cases were identified between 1945 and 1981 from retrospective searches and the first 2 years of the Australian Mesothelioma Program...
2016: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part B, Critical Reviews
Kuei-Yun Lu, Pi-Hsia Lee, Wen-Yin Chang
BACKGROUND: Despite the fact that regular physical activity is known to improve physical health and reduce absenteeism and perceived job strain, healthcare professionals currently perform inadequate physical activity. PURPOSE: To understand and compare the differences in stages of physical activity among nurses, physicians, and allied healthcare professionals. METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire was used to survey nurses, physicians, and allied healthcare professionals who worked at four branches of a hospital in Taiwan...
October 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
Vishal Kumar, Amarjeet Singh, Manoj K Tewari, Sukhpal Kaur
PROBLEM STATEMENT: Neurosurgical patients require special care not only in the hospital but also after their discharge from the hospital. Comprehension and compliance to the instructions given by the doctors/nurses at the time of discharge is important in home care of these patients. Many such patients suffer from various co-morbidities. Variable periods of convalescence affect health-related quality of life in these patients. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To determine the degree of compliance of neurosurgery patients and their family caregivers with the discharge advice given by the consultantsTo evaluate the quality of life of these patientsTo know the problems faced by these patients at home...
October 2016: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
Sohail Anjum, Usman Mahboob
OBJECTIVE: To determine the perceptions of house officers working in hospitals about joining anaesthesiology as a career. METHODS: This quantitative, descriptive questionnaire-based study was carried out from September 2014 to February 2015 in 26 teaching hospitals of Lahore, Pakistan, and comprised house officers. Those with at least three months of working experience in anaesthesiology were included. They were approached in their respective departments and a validated self-reporting questionnaire was delivered to them and received back by hand...
October 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Adam Hege, Michael Kenneth Lemke, Yorghos Apostolopoulos, Mike Perko, Sevil Sönmez, Robert Strack
Work organization, including long working hours, irregular work schedules, and job stress has been associated with increased cardiometabolic disease (CMD) risk for numerous working populations. The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between work hours, work schedules, job stress and CMD risk for a sample of U.S. long-haul truck drivers (LHTDs). A non-experimental, descriptive, cross-sectional design was employed to collect survey and anthropometric data from 260 U.S. LHTDs at a major truckstop...
September 29, 2016: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Hannele Saunders, Katri Vehviläinen-Julkunen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare nurses' evidence-based practice (EBP) beliefs, EBP knowledge, and nurse workforce outcomes between Magnet®-aspiring, Magnet-conforming, and non-Magnet university hospitals in Finland. BACKGROUND: The effect of Magnet designation on EBP and nursing workforce outcomes is well studied where Magnet hospitals exist. Less is known about it in countries where hospitals are embarking upon the initial Magnet journey. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional national survey was conducted at Finnish university hospitals with a convenience sample (n = 943) of practicing nurses...
October 2016: Journal of Nursing Administration
Laurent Thefenne, Charlotte Gislot, Gratiane De Brier, Arnaud Jouvion, Thomas Trappier
OBJECTIVE: Lumbago/low-back pain is the first cause of morbidity and incapacity work-related in the world. Its social and economical weight is considerable. In the armies, since 2009, lumbago is the object of a prevention plan. Therefore, we sought to determinate knowledge levels of Marseille Marine fire fighters about primary and secondary prevention. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: It's a transverse, descriptive, observational study concerning a representative sample of French military population from Marseille Marine firefighter's battalion, between September 25th 2014 and October 24th 2014...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Haifa Aroui, Irtyah Merchaoui, Mohamed Adnène Henchi, Ines Rassas, Noura Belhadj, Neila Chaari, Charfeddine Amri
OBJECTIVE: Describe the medical and professional consequences in victims of carpal tunnel syndrome. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Exhaustive and descriptive study on 233 cases of carpal tunnel syndrome identified in two occupational medicine departments of the center of Tunisia from 2005 to 2010. The Boston questionnaire was used to assess the functional disability. RESULTS: To study the medical and professional becoming, we contacted 128 employees (54...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Lia van Rijswijk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Ostomy/wound Management
Betül Başaran, Bilge Çelebioğlu, Ahmet Başaran, Seher Altınel, Leyla Kutlucan, James N Martin
OBJECTIVE: Substantial controversy exists regarding anesthetic management for patients with preeclampsia or hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, low platelet count (HELLP) syndrome. Experts, researchers, clinicians, and residents in Turkey were surveyed about their practices. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Questionnaires were distributed to attendees at a national conference, and they were filled out immediately. Anonymous 10-item paper surveys were administered to both residents and non-residents...
2016: Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association
Tsegahun Manyazewal, Martha J Oosthuizen, Mokgadi C Matlakala
OBJECTIVES: Many resource-limited countries have adopted and implemented healthcare reform to improve the quality of healthcare, but few have had much impact and strategies in support of these efforts remain limited. We aimed to explore and propose evidence-based strategies to strengthen implementation of healthcare reform in resource-limited settings. DESIGN: Descriptive and exploratory designs in two phases. Phase I involved assessing the effectiveness of the healthcare reform implemented in Ethiopia in the form of business process reengineering, with evidence compiled from healthcare professionals through a self-administered questionnaire; and phase II involved proposing strategies and seeking consensus from experts using Delphi method...
2016: BMJ Open
S Y Liaw, L T Wu, E Holroyd, W Wang, V Lopez, S Lim, Y L Chow
BACKGROUND: Internationally, and particularly in Singapore, health education institutions are facing challenges in attracting school leavers to enter nursing courses. OBJECTIVES: To identify the factors influencing the career choice of Singaporean healthcare students and determine the deterrents in choosing nursing as a career choice. DESIGN: An exploratory descriptive qualitative study design was used. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-nine healthcare students from three higher education institutions were recruited...
September 19, 2016: International Nursing Review
Kathleen M Job, Tony K L Kiang, Jonathan E Constance, Catherine M T Sherwin, Elena Yu Enioutina
Similar to other nations North American people used herbs for thousands of years to treat diseases and purify their spirits. By the middle of the 1900s, evidence-based conventional medicine received wide acceptance in Canada and the United States (US). Nowadays, people are going back to their roots and actively using herbal medicines (HMs) and natural health products (NHPs). Areas covered: This article is focusing on use and regulation of the HMs and NHPs in Canada and the US, raises concerns regarding HM and NHP safety and efficacy, offers suggestions on how to overcome these problems...
October 3, 2016: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
Ludmila Marcinowicz, Anna Owlasiuk, Barbara Slusarska, Danuta Zarzycka, Teresa Pawlikowska
BACKGROUND: Although previous quantitative studies provide important information on the factors which influence the choice of nursing as a career, qualitative analysis makes it possible to study the subject more thoroughly. The purpose of this study was to conduct an in-depth analysis of the reasons why Polish students choose nursing as a profession and their later perception of the job based on experiences acquired during the nursing course. METHODS: A qualitative descriptive study was designed...
2016: BMC Medical Education
Steven Koslov, Elizabeth Trowbridge, Sandra Kamnetz, Sally Kraft, Jeffrey Grossman, Nancy Pandhi
BACKGROUND: Primary care is considered the foundation of an effective health care system. However, primary care departments at academic health centers have numerous challenges to overcome when trying to achieve the Triple Aim. METHODS: As part of an organizational initiative to redesign primary care at a large academic health center, departments of internal medicine, general pediatrics and adolescent medicine, and family medicine worked together to comprehensively redesign primary care...
September 2016: Healthcare
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