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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640035/the-professionalism-and-integrity-in-research-program-description-and-preliminary-outcomes
#1
James M DuBois, John T Chibnall, Raymond Tait, Jillon S Vander Wal
Violations of rules and regulations in research can cause significant problems for human participants, animal subjects, data integrity, institutions, and investigators. The Professionalism and Integrity in Research Program (PI Program) provides remediation training that addresses the root causes of violations of rules and regulations in research. Through assessments, a three-day workshop, and follow-up coaching calls, the PI Program teaches evidence-based decision-making strategies designed to help researchers to compensate for bias, uncertainty, and work-related stress, and foster the skills needed to oversee research projects in today's complex regulatory environments...
June 20, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637069/-preference-changes-regarding-future-work-area-and-intended-position-among-german-residents-after-four-years-of-residency
#2
Stine Ziegler, Hendrik van den Bussche, Farina Römer, Lea Krause-Solberg, Martin Scherer
Introduction We investigated the preferences of medical residents in Germany with regard to future working place (hospital or private practice) and position (employment/self-employment in private practice; resp. specialist/senior or chief physician in the hospital). This is analysed in a gender comparative perspective, including the influence of parenthood. Methods Annual postal surveys among graduates of seven medical faculties in Germany from their last year ("Practical Year") until after four years of postgraduate training...
June 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633543/staffs-documentation-of-participation-for-adults-with-profound-intellectual-disability-or-profound-intellectual-and-multiple-disabilities
#3
Lena Talman, Christine Gustafsson, Jonas Stier, Jenny Wilder
PURPOSE: This study investigated what areas of International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health were documented in implementation plans for adults with profound intellectual disability or profound intellectual and multiple disabilities with focus on participation. METHODS: A document analysis of 17 implementation plans was performed and International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health was used as an analytic tool. RESULTS: One hundred and sixty-three different codes were identified, especially in the components Activities and participation and Environmental factors...
June 21, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623010/-influence-of-the-working-conditions-on-sickness-absence-due-to-common-diseases
#4
Manuel Vaquero-Álvarez, Esther Álvarez-Theurer, Manuel Romero Saldaña
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the importance of the working environment in sickness absence, as well as to show possible relationships with clinical-work variables. DESIGN: A descriptive observational study. SITE: Medical Inspection of an Andalusian province. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 1016 workers on certified sick leave due to a common illness. MAIN MEASUREMENTS: A self-report questionnaire was used to collect demographic data, profession, activity, risk assessment, and perceived occupational cause, on patients who voluntarily gave their consent when they were reviewed during 2015...
June 13, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619410/an-international-collaboration-for-the-training-of-medical-chief-residents-in-rwanda
#5
Tim Walker, Vincent Dusabejambo, Janet J Ho, Claudine Karigire, Bradley Richards, Andre N Sofair
BACKGROUND: The year-long position of chief medical resident is a time-honored tradition in the United States that serves to provide the trainee with an opportunity to gain further skills as a clinician, leader, teacher, liaison, and administrator. However, in most training programs in the developing world, this role does not exist. OBJECTIVES: We sought to develop a collaborative program to train the first medical chief residents for the University of Rwanda and to assess the impact of the new chief residency on residency training, using questionnaires and qualitative interviews with Rwandan faculty, chief residents, and residents...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607660/investigation-of-marital-satisfaction-and-its-relationship-with-job-stress-and-general-health-of-nurses-in-qazvin-iran
#6
Jalil Azimian, Pegah Piran, Hassan Jahanihashemi, Leila Dehghankar
BACKGROUND: Pressures in nursing can affect family life and marital problems, disrupt common social problems, increase work-family conflicts and endanger people's general health. AIM: To determine marital satisfaction and its relationship with job stress and general health of nurses. METHODS: This descriptive and cross-sectional study was done in 2015 in medical educational centers of Qazvin by using an ENRICH marital satisfaction scale and General Health and Job Stress questionnaires completed by 123 nurses...
April 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607640/predictors-of-intention-to-marriage-based-on-theory-of-planned-behavior-among-university-students-in-iran
#7
Reza Shahrabadi, Akram Karimi-Shahanjarini, Saeed Dashti, Alireza Soltanian, Gholamreza Garmaroudi
INTRODUCTION: Marriage is a social capital in society, so that makes the behavioral and social stability of parents and children in a generation, productive. Various factors can affect the intention of marriage, including individual, economic, social and cultural factors. The present study aimed to determine predictors of university students' intention to marriage based on the theory of planned behavior (TPB). METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed among 192 single students (Master and PhD students with five to seven years of dentistry and medicine) in Hamadan, in 2014...
April 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606180/moderating-effects-of-coping-on-work-stress-and-job-performance-for-nurses-in-tertiary-hospitals-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-china
#8
Li Li, Hua Ai, Lei Gao, Hao Zhou, Xinyan Liu, Zhong Zhang, Tao Sun, Lihua Fan
BACKGROUND: Work stress is a major problem for nurses and it can negatively influence job performance. Therefore, it is critical to explore variables that can reduce or buffer the negative effects of work stress. This study explores the moderating effects of coping strategies on the relationship between work stress and job performance for nurses in China. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of 852 nurses from four tertiary hospitals in Heilongjiang Province, China, was conducted in 2013...
June 12, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602100/using-chembl-web-services-for-building-applications-and-data-processing-workflows-relevant-to-drug-discovery
#9
Michał M Nowotka, Anna Gaulton, David Mendez, A Patricia Bento, Anne Hersey, Andrew Leach
ChEMBL is a manually curated database of bioactivity data on small drug-like molecules, used by drug discovery scientists. Among many access methods, a REST API provides programmatic access, allowing the remote retrieval of ChEMBL data and its integration into other applications. This approach allows scientists to move from a world where they go to the ChEMBL web site to search for relevant data, to one where ChEMBL data can be simply integrated into their everyday tools and work environment. Areas covered: This review highlights some of the audiences who may benefit from using the ChEMBL API, and the goals they can address, through the description of several use cases...
June 12, 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594073/work-related-injury-factors-and-safety-climate-perception-in-truck-drivers
#10
Naomi J Anderson, Caroline K Smith, Jesse L Byrd
INTRODUCTION: The trucking industry has a high burden of work-related injuries. This study examined factors, such as safety climate perceptions, that may impact injury risk. METHOD: A random sample of 9800 commercial driver's license holders (CDL) were sent surveys, only 4360 were eligible truck drivers. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression models were developed to describe the population and identify variables associated with work-related injury. RESULTS: 2189 drivers completed the pertinent interview questions...
June 8, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589027/developing-a-globally-applicable-evidence-informed-competency-framework-to-support-capacity-strengthening-in-clinical-research
#11
Amélie Julé, Tamzin Furtado, Liam Boggs, Francois van Loggerenberg, Victoria Ewing, Manhaz Vahedi, Pascal Launois, Trudie Lang
Capacity development for clinical research is held back by a lack of recognition for the skills acquired through involvement in clinical trials and in other varied types of global health research studies. Although some competency frameworks and associated recognised career pathways exist for different clinical research roles, they mostly apply to a single role or study setting. Our experience supports the need for an integrated approach, looking at the many roles in parallel and at all types of clinical research beyond trials...
March 2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586577/pattern-and-profile-of-electric-burn-injury-cases-at-a-burn-centre
#12
Saeed Ashraf Cheema
BACKGROUND: Electrical burns are quite different from thermal and chemical burns. This study is from a centre which deals with job related electric burn injuries alone and thus can give a pure account of the electric burns and discuss the related peculiarities. Study aims to highlight the differences in the mechanism of electric burn injury, its mode of presentation, morbidity, complications and thus the treatment strategies as compared to rest of the burn injuries. METHODS: This is a descriptive case series study of first consecutive 61 electric burn victims treated at a Burn Unit and Plastic Surgery centre...
October 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584330/the-association-between-rurality-and-return-to-work-for-workers-compensation-claimants-with-work-related-musculoskeletal-injuries-an-analysis-of-workers-who-failed-to-return-to-work-within-typical-healing-time-frames
#13
Callum A Lavoie, Don Voaklander, Jeremy R Beach, Douglas P Gross
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study have been to: 1) describe and compare urban and rural injured worker populations in Alberta, Canada; 2) identify return-to-work outcomes in urban and rural populations; 3) examine the relationship between geographic location of residence and recovery from work-related musculoskeletal injury; and 4) investigate if this relationship is attenuated after controlling for other known risk factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was a secondary analysis utilizing data of a population of musculoskeletal injury claimants who underwent clinical/RTW (return to work) assessment between December 2009 and January 2011 collected by the Workers' Compensation Board of Alberta...
May 31, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584318/albumin-adducts-and-urinary-metabolites-resulting-from-occupational-exposure-to-1-5-naphthalene-diisocyanate
#14
Ovnair Sepai, Gabriele Sabbioni
OBJECTIVES: 1,5-Naphthalene diisocyanate (NDI) is used in the plastic industry as a curing agent. 1,5-Naphthalene diisocyanate is classified as a sensitizing agent. The objective of this study has been to develop biomonitoring methods for the evaluation of exposure to NDI. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We obtained blood and urine samples from a group of 20 male workers exposed to NDI. The workers answered a questionnaire about their exposure history, job description, the number of years with the company and the time spent working with NDI over the 10 days of the study...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578445/knowledge-of-health-insurance-benefits-among-male-expatriates-in-saudi-arabia
#15
Abdulwahab Alkhamis
To measure expatriates' knowledge of health insurance benefits with respect to outpatient, inpatient, prescription drug, and dental services, and to link this knowledge to sociodemographic and employment characteristic.  Methods: Cross-sectional, face-to-face interviews were conducted from March 2015 to February 2016 with a stratified random sample of 3,398 male insured expatriate workers in the private sector of Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Descriptive analysis, one-way ANOVA, and linear regression were used to interpret data...
June 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575306/job-characteristics-and-mental-health-for-older-workers
#16
V J C Mc Carthy, J Cronly, I J Perry
Background: Adverse job characteristics have been linked with increased incidence of depression and anxiety in working populations. However, the association between job characteristics and mental health, in an older working population while controlling for personality traits, is less well known. Aims: To examine the association between job characteristics (job demands and job control) and mental health (depression and anxiety) for older workers while controlling for personality traits...
June 1, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561202/-job-satisfaction-of-young-professionals-in-health-care
#17
Gert Ulrich, Angelika Homberg, Sven Karstens, Katja Goetz, Cornelia Mahler
Background Job satisfaction in health care is currently important in view of workforce shortage in the health care area. The purpose of this study was to evaluate job satisfaction in young health professionals and to identify factors possibly influencing overall job satisfaction. Methods About one year after graduating from vocational training, a total of 579 graduates from various health care professions [Nursing (N), Nursing and Geriatric Nursing; Therapy (TP), Physical therapy and Logopaedics; Diagnostics (D), Diagnostic Radiography and Biomedical Science], were invited to participate in an online-survey...
May 29, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561201/-first-insights-into-scope-of-practice-and-salary-of-physician-assistants-a-new-healthcare-profession-in-germany
#18
Tanja Marschall, Marcus Hoffmann
Background In 2010, the first government-approved physician assistant (PA) program was introduced at the Baden-Wuerttemberg Cooperative State University Karlsruhe (DHBW). There are not sufficient data regarding the scope of practice and salary of our graduates. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to obtain information regarding these. Methods The survey included all graduates (2 classes, n=27). A specific questionnaire was developed, including 37 questions e. g. on the current employment status, scope of practice, salary and job satisfaction regarding the PA program and career...
May 29, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559745/cross-sectional-examination-of-the-association-between-shift-length-and-hospital-nurses-job-satisfaction-and-nurse-reported-quality-measures
#19
Jane Ball, Tina Day, Trevor Murrells, Chiara Dall'Ora, Anne Marie Rafferty, Peter Griffiths, Jill Maben
BACKGROUND: Twenty-four hour nursing care involves shift work including 12-h shifts. England is unusual in deploying a mix of shift patterns. International evidence on the effects of such shifts is growing. A secondary analysis of data collected in England exploring outcomes with 12-h shifts examined the association between shift length, job satisfaction, scheduling flexibility, care quality, patient safety, and care left undone. METHODS: Data were collected from a questionnaire survey of nurses in a sample of English hospitals, conducted as part of the RN4CAST study, an EU 7(th) Framework funded study...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557301/factors-influencing-the-quality-of-life-of-hemodialysis-patients-according-to-symptom-cluster
#20
Hye Yeung Shim, Mi-Kyoung Cho
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To identify the characteristics in each symptom cluster and factors influencing the quality of life of hemodialysis patients in Korea according to cluster. BACKGROUND: Despite developments in renal replacement therapy, hemodialysis still restricts the activities of daily living due to pain and impairs physical functioning induced by the disease and its complications. DESIGN: Descriptive survey. 230 dialysis patients aged >18 years...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
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