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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140793/medical-specialty-preferences-in-early-medical-school-training-in-canada
#1
Anthony Vo, Laurie McLean, Matthew D F McInnes
Objectives: To understand what medical students consider when choosing their specialty, prior to significant clinical exposure to develop strategies to provide adequate career counseling. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed by distributing optional questionnaires to 165 first-year medical students at the University of Ottawa in their first month of training with a sample yield of 54.5% (n=90).  Descriptive statistics, analysis of variance, Spearman's rank correlation, Cronbach's alpha coefficient, Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin Measure, and exploratory factor analyses were used to analyze the anonymized results...
November 14, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124627/laboring-until-labor-the-prevalence-and-correlates-of-antenatal-maternity-leave-in-the-united-states
#2
Julia M Goodman
Introduction Most women in the U.S. are employed during pregnancy and work until the month of childbirth. For many, working throughout pregnancy poses little threat to their health; however, women experiencing difficult pregnancies and/or working in strenuous or inflexible jobs may benefit from taking time from work as they approach childbirth, but almost no empirical evidence examines antenatal leave (ANL). Methods Using a national survey of English-speaking women, this paper offers the first national description of ANL and examines state policy predictors of uptake...
November 9, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120312/a-strategic-approach-to-workforce-development-for-local-public-health
#3
Beverley Bryant, Megan Ward
SETTING: In 2009, Peel Public Health set a vision to transform the work of public health from efficient delivery of public health services as defined by provincial mandate to the robust analysis of the health status of the local population and selection and implementation of programming to achieve best health outcomes. A strategic approach to the workforce was a key enabler. PPH is a public health unit in Ontario that serves 1.4 million people. INTERVENTION: An organization-wide strategic workforce development program was instituted...
November 9, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119813/school-age-children-s-perception-of-the-hospital-experience
#4
Handan Boztepe, Sevil Çınar, Ayşe Ay
In order to determine the perception of hospital experiences among school-age children's (6-12 years), a descriptive and cross-sectional study was performed in 130 children hospitalized in a pediatric hospital with different diagnoses. Data were collected using a pediatric information form, questionnaire form, scale for attitudes towards hospital and healthcare personnel, and sources of anxiety generating thoughts scale (SAGTS). Children's expectations of the nurses were to be well treated (62%), to perform painless procedures (20%), to play games together (12%), to be capable of their job (10%), and to be cheerful (10%)...
June 2017: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117776/the-effect-of-nurses-ethical-leadership-and-ethical-climate-perceptions-on-job-satisfaction
#5
Dilek Özden, Gülşah Gürol Arslan, Büşra Ertuğrul, Salih Karakaya
BACKGROUND: The development of ethical leadership approaches plays an important role in achieving better patient care. Although studies that analyze the impact of ethical leadership on ethical climate and job satisfaction have gained importance in recent years, there is no study on ethical leadership and its relation to ethical climate and job satisfaction in our country. OBJECTIVES: This descriptive and cross-sectional study aimed to determine the effect of nurses' ethical leadership and ethical climate perceptions on their job satisfaction...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117444/mediating-role-of-psychological-well-being-in-the-relationship-between-organizational-support-and-nurses-outcomes-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Saeed Pahlevan Sharif, Ashraf Sadat Ahadzadeh, Hamid Sharif Nia
AIM: To examine the relationship between organizational support for nursing practice and nurse-assessed quality of care and nurses' job satisfaction in hospital settings and to investigate the mediating role of psychological well-being in the aforementioned relationships. BACKGROUND: There has been growing concern about quality of care in healthcare organizations. The past research has documented the effect of nurse practice environment on nurses' quality of care and job satisfaction...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114960/registered-nurses-perceptions-of-rewarding-and-its-significance
#7
Jaana Seitovirta, Aku-Ville Lehtimäki, Katri Vehviläinen-Julkunen, Lasse Mitronen, Tarja Kvist
AIM: To examine reward type preferences and their relationships with the significance of rewarding perceived by registered nurses in Finland. BACKGROUND: Previous studies have found relationships between nurses' rewarding and their motivation at work, job satisfaction and organisational commitment. METHODS: Data were collected in a cross-sectional, descriptive, questionnaire survey from 402 registered nurses using the Registered Nurses' Perceptions of Rewarding Scale in 2015, and analysed with descriptive and multivariate statistical methods...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112037/the-public-health-workforce-taxonomy-revisions-and-recommendations-for-implementation
#8
Angela J Beck, Fátima Coronado, Matthew L Boulton, Jacqueline A Merrill
Public health workforce size and composition have been difficult to accurately determine because of the wide variety of methods used to define job title terms, occupational categories, and worker characteristics. In 2014, a preliminary consensus-based public health workforce taxonomy was published to standardize the manner in which workforce data are collected and analyzed by outlining uniform categories and terms. We summarize development of the taxonomy's 2017 iteration and provide guidelines for its implementation in public health workforce development efforts...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105085/factors-predicting-quality-of-work-life-among-nurses-in-tertiary-level-hospitals-bangladesh
#9
N Akter, T Akkadechanunt, R Chontawan, A Klunklin
AIM: This study examined the level of quality of work life and predictability of years of education, monthly income, years of experience, job stress, organizational commitment and work environment on quality of work life among nurses in tertiary-level hospitals in the People's Republic of Bangladesh. BACKGROUND: There is an acute shortage of nurses worldwide including Bangladesh. Quality of work life is important for quality of patient care and nurse retention. Nurses in Bangladesh are fighting to provide quality care for emerging health problems for the achievement of sustainable development goals...
November 3, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097848/employment-arrangement-job-stress-and-health-related-quality-of-life
#10
Tapas K Ray, Tat'Yana A Kenigsberg, Regina Pana-Cryan
Objective: We aimed to understand the characteristics of U.S. workers in non-standard employment arrangements, and to assess associations between job stress and Health-related Quality of Life (HRQL) by employment arrangement. Background: As employers struggle to stay in business under increasing economic pressures, they may rely more on non-standard employment arrangements, thereby increasing the pool of contingent workers. Worker exposure to job stress may vary by employment arrangement...
December 2017: Safety Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094539/peer-social-support-training-in-uk-prisons
#11
Warren Stewart, Rachel Lovely
AIM: To undertake a service evaluation to assess the effect of peer social support training using two separate learning programmes, which were designed to assist prisoners to support older prisoners and prisoners with disabilities. METHOD: The service evaluation used an action research approach to support planning, delivery and data collection. Eleven interviews with nine prisoners who had undertaken the peer social support training programmes and two members of prison staff (one nurse manager and one prison officer) were recorded and transcribed by the researchers...
October 11, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092866/effect-of-meaningful-recognition-on-critical-care-nurses-compassion-fatigue
#12
Lesly A Kelly, Cindy Lefton
BACKGROUND: As caregivers in high-pressure environments, critical care nurses are at risk for burnout and secondary trauma-components of compassion fatigue. Recent findings have increased understanding of the phenomena, specifically that satisfaction and meaningful recognition may play a role in reducing burnout and raising compassion satisfaction; however, no large multisite studies of compassion fatigue have been conducted. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effect of meaningful recognition and other predictors on compassion fatigue in a multicenter national sample of critical care nurses...
November 2017: American Journal of Critical Care: An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090308/the-frequency-and-nature-of-communication-between-school-based-speech-language-pathologists-and-caregivers-of-children-with-language-impairment
#13
Sherine R Tambyraja, Mary Beth Schmitt, Laura M Justice
Purpose: The present study investigates the extent to which school-based speech-language pathologists (SLPs) communicate with the caregivers of children with language impairment and the factors that are significantly associated with frequent communication. In addition, this study investigates the extent to which frequent SLP-caregiver communication is associated with change in language and literacy abilities of children. Method: To address the study aims, weekly communication logs from 73 SLPs, serving 3-5 children with language impairment in grades K-2, were collected for a complete academic year...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076206/identification-of-factors-which-affect-the-tendency-toward-and-attitudes-of-emergency-unit-nurses-to-make-medical-errors
#14
Dilek Kiymaz, Zeliha Koç
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to determine individual and professional factors affecting the tendency of emergency unit nurses to make medical errors and their attitudes toward these errors in Turkey. BACKGROUND: Compared with other units, the emergency unit is an environment where there is an increased tendency for making medical errors due to its intensive and rapid pace, noise, and complex and dynamic structure. DESIGN: A descriptive cross-sectional study...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075171/factors-affecting-quality-of-laboratory-services-in-public-and-private-health-facilities-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#15
Eyob Abera Mesfin, Binyam Taye, Getachew Belay, Aytenew Ashenafi, Veronica Girma
BACKGROUND: Quality laboratory service is an essential component of health care system but in Sub-Saharan Africa such as Ethiopia, laboratories quality system remains weak due to several factors and it needs more attention to strengthen its capacity and quality system. METHODOLOGY: A cross sectional study was conducted using a questionnaire to assess factors affecting the quality of laboratory service at private and public health institutions in Addis Ababa. RESULTS: A total of 213 laboratory professionals participated in the study and 131 (61...
October 2017: EJIFCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066032/-night-workers-exposure-to-harshness-factors-in-france-lessons-learned-from-the-2010%C3%A2-sumer-survey
#16
N Havet, M Huguet, J Tonietta
BACKGROUND: Despite the fact that French laws state that night work should be exceptional, the number of night workers has sharply increased in the past 20 years. At the same time, empirical and epidemiological studies indicate that night work has negative effects on workers' health. This is why the 2010 French pension act considered night work to be a drudgery. The aim of this study is to investigate whether night workers are more subject to other factors defined as contributing to the drudgery of work than are day workers...
November 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047349/professional-identity-career-choices-and-working-conditions-of-future-and-young-dentists-in-germany-study-design-and-methods-of-a-nationwide-comprehensive-survey
#17
Nele Kettler, Nicolas Frenzel Baudisch, Wolfgang Micheelis, David Klingenberger, A Rainer Jordan
BACKGROUND: Little is known regarding young and future dentists' career choices, professional identity, and working conditions in Germany. While the dental healthcare environment and demands in treatment are changing, it remains unclear what job perceptions young dentists have developed at the beginning of their work life and if and how these perceptions change during the subsequent years. The aim of this study was to survey future and young dentists regarding their professional identity, planned career paths, and working conditions and strains to understand career decisions and choices and enable policy makers to include future dentists' views and expectations in their decisions...
October 18, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046131/understanding-critical-care-nurses-autonomy-in-jordan
#18
Mahmoud Maharmeh
Purpose The aim of this study was to describe Jordanian critical care nurses' experiences of autonomy in their clinical practice. Design/methodology/approach A descriptive correlational design was applied using a self-reported cross-sectional survey. A total of 110 registered nurses who met the eligibility criteria participated in this study. The data were collected by a structured questionnaire. Findings A majority of critical care nurses were autonomous in their decision-making and participation in decisions to take action in their clinical settings...
October 2, 2017: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041781/nursing-students-perceptions-of-soft-skills-training-in-ghana
#19
Luke Laari, Barbara M Dube
BACKGROUND: The quality of nursing care rendered today is markedly reducing and the amount of time spent with patients listening to and explaining issues concerning their conditions is gradually diminishing. The therapeutic touch and the listening ear of the nurse are no longer accessible to the patient. Understanding what non-technical skills are and their relevance for healthcare practitioners has become a new area of consideration. Although recent literature has highlighted the necessity of introducing soft skills training and assessment within medical education, nursing education is yet to fully embrace this skills training...
September 22, 2017: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036872/factors-influencing-the-occupational-injuries-of-physical-therapists-in-taiwan-a-hierarchical-linear-model-approach
#20
Yu-Hui Tao, Yu-Lung Wu, Wan-Yun Huang
BACKGROUND: The evidence literature suggests that physical therapy practitioners are subjected to a high probability of acquiring work-related injuries, but only a few studies have specifically investigated Taiwanese physical therapy practitioners. OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to determine the relationships among individual and group hospital-level factors that contribute to the medical expenses for the occupational injuries of physical therapy practitioners in Taiwan...
October 8, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
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