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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448302/qsen-institute-rn-bsn-task-force-white-paper-on-recommendation-for-systems-based-practice-competency
#1
Ann M Stalter, Janet M Phillips, Mary A Dolansky
The Quality and Safety Education for Nurses (QSEN) Institute RN-BSN Task Force presents a white paper on Recommendation for a Systems-based Practice Competency. The task force proposes a seventh QSEN competency, systems-based practice, to improve patient quality and safety. Recommendations to integrate systems-based practice into both education and practice settings, consistent with job descriptions and promotion criteria, involve a comprehensive continuing education program for nurses upon interview, orientation, residency programming, performance evaluation, and license renewal...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Nursing Care Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447820/are-peer-specialists-happy-on-the-job
#2
Sarah Jenkins, Tiffany Chenneville, Christina Salnaitis
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to examine the impact of role clarity and job training on job satisfaction among peer specialists. METHOD: A 3-part survey assessing job training, job satisfaction, and role clarity was administered online to 195 peer specialists who are members of the International Association of Peer Specialists. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics, correlational analyses to include multiple linear regressions and analysis of variance...
April 27, 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432965/spatiotemporal-description-of-btex-volatile-organic-compounds-in-a-middle-eastern-megacity-tehran-study-of-exposure-prediction-for-environmental-health-research-tehran-sepehr
#3
Heresh Amini, Vahid Hosseini, Christian Schindler, Hossein Hassankhany, Masud Yunesian, Sarah B Henderson, Nino Künzli
The spatiotemporal variability of ambient volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in Tehran, Iran, is not well understood. Here we present the design, methods, and results of the Tehran Study of Exposure Prediction for Environmental Health Research (Tehran SEPEHR) on ambient concentrations of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, p-xylene, m-xylene, o-xylene (BTEX), and total BTEX. To date, this is the largest study of its kind in a low- and middle-income country and one of the largest globally. We measured BTEX concentrations at five reference sites and 174 distributed sites identified by a cluster analytic method...
April 19, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420573/low-levels-of-physical-activity-in-sudanese-individuals-with-some-features-of-metabolic-syndrome-population-based-study
#4
Samah Khalil, Ahmed O Almobarak, Heitham Awadalla, Wadie M Elmadhoun, Sufian K Noor, Amel A Sulaiman, Mohamed H Ahmed
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the level of physical activity among Sudanese population. METHODS: A descriptive cross sectional study composed of 323 participants from Khartoum state, Sudan. Data collected using pretested designed questionnaire based on previously validated Global Physical Activity Questionnaire. The demographic and physical measurement including blood glucose, anthropometric and blood pressure. RESULTS: The Mean age of participants was 35...
April 7, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420356/an-assessment-of-the-hiv-tb-knowledge-and-skills-of-home-based-carers-working-in-the-north-west-province-in-south-africa-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Justin G Engelbrecht, Mabjala R Letsoalo, Admire C Chirowodza
BACKGROUND: Home-based carers (HBCs) play a critical role in ensuring the success of the primary health care re-engineering strategy in South Africa. Their role includes ensuring improved access to and delivery of primary health care at the household level, and better co-ordination and improved linkages between community and health facilities for HIV/TB services. The objective of this study was to assess the knowledge, skills, challenges and training needs of HBCs involved in HIV/TB care in one sub-district in the North-West province of South Africa...
April 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419709/job-satisfaction-and-subjective-well-being-among-midwives-analysis-of-a-multinational-cross-sectional-survey
#6
Darja Jarosova, Elena Gurkova, Katarina Ziakova, Daniela Nedvedova, Alvisa Palese, Gloria Godeas, Sally Wai-Chi Chan, Mi Sook Song, Jongwon Lee, Raul Cordeiro, Beata Babiarczyk, Malgorzata Fras
INTRODUCTION: There is a considerable amount of empirical evidence to indicate a positive association between an employee's subjective well-being and workplace performance and job satisfaction. Compared with nursing research, there is a relative lack of consistent scientific evidence concerning midwives' subjective well-being and its determinants related to domains of job satisfaction. The purpose of the study was to examine the association between the domains of job satisfaction and components of subjective well-being in hospital midwives...
March 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417255/lower-limb-pain-among-workers-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-fifth-european-working-conditions-survey
#7
Maria-Gabriela Garcia, Margaret Graf, Thomas Läubli
OBJECTIVE: Develop a model to predict the prevalence of lower limb pain using indicators of high workplace exposures based on the fifth European Working Conditions Survey, evaluate its impact and explore its significance for work-related health problems. METHOD: Cross-sectional interview data of 35,372 workers from 27 countries of the European Union in 2010 (EU27) were used to develop (20% sample) and validate (80% sample) a logistic regression model for lower limb pain...
April 17, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412135/moving-beyond-quality-control-in-diagnostic-radiology-and-the-role-of-the-clinically-qualified-medical-physicist
#8
REVIEW
H Delis, K Christaki, B Healy, G Loreti, G L Poli, P Toroi, A Meghzifene
Quality control (QC), according to ISO definitions, represents the most basic level of quality. It is considered to be the snapshot of the performance or the characteristics of a product or service, in order to verify that it complies with the requirements. Although it is usually believed that "the role of medical physicists in Diagnostic Radiology is QC", this, not only limits the contribution of medical physicists, but is also no longer adequate to meet the needs of Diagnostic Radiology in terms of Quality...
April 12, 2017: Physica Medica: PM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411523/doctors-experience-of-coordination-across-care-levels-and-associated-factors-a-cross-sectional-study-in-public-healthcare-networks-of-six-latin-american-countries
#9
María-Luisa Vázquez, Ingrid Vargas, Irene Garcia-Subirats, Jean-Pierre Unger, Pierre De Paepe, Amparo Susana Mogollón-Pérez, Isabella Samico, Pamela Eguiguren, Angelica-Ivonne Cisneros, Adriana Huerta, María-Cecilia Muruaga, Fernando Bertolotto
Improving coordination between primary care (PC) and secondary care (SC) has become a policy priority in recent years for many Latin American public health systems looking to reinforce a healthcare model based on PC. However, despite being a longstanding concern, it has scarcely been analyzed in this region. This paper analyses the level of clinical coordination between PC and SC experienced by doctors and explores influencing factors in public healthcare networks of Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Uruguay...
April 3, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409167/changes-in-daily-life-of-iranian-patients-with-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator-a-qualitative-study
#10
Nilofar Pasyar, Farkhondeh Sharif, Mahnaz Rakhshan, Mohammad Hossein Nikoo, Elham Navab
BACKGROUND: Although Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD) saves the life of patients with life-threatening ventricular dysrhythmias, it causes various challenges in their life span. Considering the increase in the number of ICD users, more knowledge is required regarding changes in the patients' life after device implantation. The aim of this study was description of changes in daily life of patients after ICD implantation. METHODS: This qualitative study was conducted through content analysis method...
April 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408109/investigation-of-a-suspected-outbreak-of-lipoatrophia-semicircularis-in-children
#11
Cristina Rius, Eulalia Baselga, Jorge Tizón, Paulina Fuentes, Fania Zamantta Muñoz-Garza, Glòria Roigé, Xavier Llebaria, Joan A Caylà
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Recent reports of outbreaks of lipoatrophia semicircularis (LS) in various countries have generated discussion regarding the potential role of the environmental characteristics of office workplaces in new buildings. The objective of this study was to investigate a suspected outbreak of LS among children in a public school in Barcelona, which generated tremendous alarm. METHODS: We performed an epidemiological assessment including descriptive and prevalence analyses, and an environmental investigation followed by a psychiatric assessment according to Small's criteria...
April 10, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408097/crisis-in-the-health-sector-impact-on-nurses-working-conditions
#12
Alberto Granero-Lázaro, Josep M Blanch-Ribas, Juan Francisco Roldán-Merino, Jordi Torralbas-Ortega, Ana María Escayola-Maranges
In a context of economic crisis and policies to reduce the public deficit, the budgets of the Catalan Health Institute (CHI) were cut by 15.33% between 2010 and 2014. OBJECTIVE: To assess the perceived impact on nurses' work conditions of measures to contain health spending. METHOD: The study design was descriptive and transversal. A sample of 1,760 nurses from the province of Barcelona answered a questionnaire on the perceived impact of health spending containment measures implemented in their workplace during the early years of the crisis...
April 10, 2017: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407389/the-therapeutic-role-of-mental-health-nurses-in-psychiatric-intensive-care-a-mixed-methods-investigation-in-an-inner-city-mental-health-service
#13
Sarah MCAllister, Niall MCCrae
INTRODUCTION: Despite indications that therapeutic interaction is beneficial for patients and for nurses' job satisfaction in acute psychiatric care, research shows a small amount of nurses' time is spent on such activity. AIMS: This study investigated the actual and potential therapeutic role of the mental health nurse in psychiatric intensive care, where admission is due to violence or aggression. METHODS: In a mixed-methods concurrent triangulation design, clinician and patient activity was observed using a structured measurement tool, and qualitative interviews were conducted with four practitioners and six patients...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407250/the-relationship-between-work-family-conflict-and-job-satisfaction-among-hospital-nurses
#14
Manar AlAzzam, Raeda Fawzi AbuAlRub, Ala H Nazzal
AIMS: This study aimed to explore the incidence of work-family conflict and the association between work-family conflict and satisfaction level among Jordanian nurses. METHODS: Self-administered questionnaires were used to collect data from a convenience sample of 333 Jordanian nurses using a descriptive, cross-sectional, correlational design. RESULTS: The results revealed that nurses were exposed to both subtypes of work and family conflict, but they experienced the work-to-family conflict more than the family-to-work conflict...
April 13, 2017: Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403016/green-collar-workers-an-emerging-workforce-in-the-environmental-sector
#15
Laura A McClure, William G LeBlanc, Cristina A Fernandez, Lora E Fleming, David J Lee, Kevin J Moore, Alberto J Caban-Martinez
OBJECTIVE: We describe the socio-demographic, occupational, and health characteristics of "green collar" workers, a vital and emerging workforce in energy-efficiency and sustainability. METHODS: We linked data from the 2004 to 2012 National Health Interview Surveys (NHIS) and US Occupational Information Network (O*NET). Descriptive and logistic regression analyses were conducted using green collar worker status as the outcome (n = 143,346). RESULTS: Green collar workers are more likely than non-green workers to be men, age 25 to 64 years, obese, and with less than or equal to high school (HS) education...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401131/perceptions-and-experiences-of-a-gender-gap-at-a-canadian-research-institute-and-potential-strategies-to-mitigate-this-gap-a-sequential-mixed-methods-study
#16
Alekhya Mascarenhas, Julia E Moore, Andrea C Tricco, Jemila Hamid, Caitlin Daly, Julie Bain, Sabrina Jassemi, Tara Kiran, Nancy Baxter, Sharon E Straus
BACKGROUND: The gender gap in academia is long-standing. Failure to ensure that our academic faculty reflect our student pool and national population deprives Canada of talent. We explored the gender distribution and perceptions of the gender gap at a Canadian university-affiliated, hospital-based research institute. METHODS: We completed a sequential mixed-methods study. In phase 1, we used the research institute's registry of scientists (1999-2014) and estimated overall prevalence of a gender gap and the gap with respect to job description (e...
January 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393606/how-work-setting-and-job-experience-affect-professional-nurses-values
#17
Ana Fernández-Feito, María Del Rosario Palmeiro-Longo, Salomé Basurto Hoyuelos, Vanesa García-Díaz
BACKGROUND: The development of professional values in nursing is directly related to quality and ethical clinical practise and may also increase practitioner and patients' satisfaction. Some factors, such as work setting or work experience, can influence the importance granted to the professional values of nursing. OBJECTIVES: To compare in primary care nurses and hospital care nurses the importance granted to professional values and to contrast this perception as a function of professional experience...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393162/human-cell-based-taste-perception-a-bittersweet-job-for-industry
#18
K Riedel, D Sombroek, B Fiedler, K Siems, M Krohn
Covering: 2000 to 2016On the molecular level humans sense food by a variety of specialized tissues which express sensory receptors to handle nutritive value. In general, this means the interplay of gustatory, olfactory, trigeminal and haptic sensation is translated into perception and leads, in terms of taste, to descriptions like sweet, bitter, salty, sour and umami. Further perceptions include astringent, cool, hot, prickle, lingering, kokumi and fatty to name predominant characterizations. It is still not fully understood how this plethora of impressions can be perceived by quite a limited number of receptors obviously being the initial compilers to judge palatability...
April 10, 2017: Natural Product Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383742/exploring-shared-governance-for-an-academic-nursing-setting
#19
Carol Boswell, Laura Opton, Donna C Owen
BACKGROUND: A beneficial work environment influences staff and employee satisfaction and contributes to enhanced organizational execution. METHOD: This article communicates a literature review of the existing knowledge to describe the potential influence of job satisfaction, empowerment, and work engagement on a faculty and staff academic shared governance model and impact on the improvement of a healthy work environment. RESULTS: References from PubMed (from 1975 to 2014) and ERIC (from 2006 to 2016), along with manuscripts included in the reference lists of the selected articles, served as the basis of the review...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376098/self-reported-unemployment-status-and-recession-an-analysis-on-the-italian-population-with-and-without-mental-health-problems
#20
Fabrizio Starace, Francesco Mungai, Elena Sarti, Tindara Addabbo
PURPOSE: During economic recession people with mental health problems have higher risk of losing their job. This paper analyses the issue by considering the Italian rates of unemployment amongst individuals with and without mental health problems in 2005 and 2013, that is prior and during the economic crisis. METHODS: We used data from the National surveys on "Health conditions and use of health services" carried out by the Italian National Institute of Statistics (ISTAT) for the years 2005 and 2013...
2017: PloS One
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