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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771222/structure-of-health-care-dyad-leadership-an-organization-s-experience
#1
Anurag Saxena, Maura Davies, Don Philippon
Purpose This study aims to explore the structural aspects (roles, responsibilities and reporting) of dyad leadership in one health-care organization (HCO). Design/methodology/approach The perceptions of 32 leaders (17 physician leaders and 15 dyad co-leaders) in formal leadership positions (six first-level with formal authority limited to teams or divisions, 23 middle-level with wider departmental or program responsibility and three senior-level with institution-wide authority) were obtained through focus groups and surveys...
May 8, 2018: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767215/and-now-please-sign-on-the-dotted-line-teaching-residents-about-professional-life-after-residency
#2
Sherine Salib, Victoria Valencia, Alejandro Moreno
OBJECTIVES: Despite possible long-term repercussions, few training programs teach their residents about the business of medicine. In particular, certain contractual issues can adversely affect a young physician's career mobility. METHODS: We designed a business-of-medicine curriculum and used a survey to determine whether the curriculum satisfied attendees' perceived knowledge gaps about the topics covered in the course, which included four key contractual matters: physician employment contracts (including restrictive covenants), malpractice insurance, job search, and interviewing skills...
May 2018: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751223/employability-and-career-experiences-of-international-graduates-of-msc-public-health-a-mixed-methods-study
#3
C Buunaaisie, A M Manyara, H Annett, E L Bird, I Bray, J Ige, M Jones, J Orme, P Pilkington, D Evans
OBJECTIVES: This article aims to describe the public health career experiences of international graduates of a Master of Science in Public Health (MSc PH) programme and to contribute to developing the evidence base on international public health workforce capacity development. STUDY DESIGN: A sequential mixed methods study was conducted between January 2017 and April 2017. METHODS: Ninety-seven international graduates of one UK university's MSc PH programme were invited to take part in an online survey followed by semistructured interviews, for respondents who consented to be interviewed...
May 8, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744305/evaluating-the-relationship-between-job-stress-and-job-satisfaction-among-female-hospital-nurses-in-babol-an-application-of-structural-equation-modeling
#4
Majid Bagheri Hosseinabadi, Siavash Etemadinezhad, Narges Khanjani, Omran Ahmadi, Hemat Gholinia, Mina Galeshi, Seyed Ehsan Samaei
Background: This study was designed to investigate job satisfaction and its relation to perceived job stress among hospital nurses in Babol County, Iran. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 406 female nurses in 6 Babol hospitals. Respondents completed the Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire (MSQ), the health and safety executive (HSE) indicator tool and a demographic questionnaire. Descriptive, analytical and structural equation modeling (SEM) analyses were carried out applying SPSS v. 22 and AMOS v...
2018: Health Promotion Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743786/awareness-of-occupational-hazards-and-associated-factors-among-automobile-repair-artisans-in-kathmandu-metropolitan-city-nepal
#5
Sujan B Marahatta, Sanju Gautam, Grish Paudel, Uday N Yadav
Background: An occupational hazard contributes to severe health problems among workers due to unhygienic conditions and lack of safety at the workplace. Economic growth and productivity can be well achieved by promoting health, safety, and improved quality workplace. Aims: To assess the knowledge of occupational hazards, use of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) and the factors associated with awareness on occupational hazards among automobile repair artisans in Kathmandu, Nepal...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743779/hearing-threshold-status-and-risk-estimate-of-hearing-impairment-among-administrative-workforce
#6
Joydeep Majumder, Ramanlal C Patel, Sanjay Kotadiya, Priyanka Shah
Background: Administrative workers working in quieter environment workplace are considered unaffected by noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL). Aim: To create a baseline data of the administrative workers so as to monitor them with prospective years of exposure with the hypothesis that workers working in the administrative jobs may not be affected by NIHL. Settings and Design: The study was conducted among men and women administrative workers working in an office in Ahmedabad city, India...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736162/job-seeking-stress-mental-health-problems-and-the-role-of-perceived-social-support-in-university-graduates-in-korea
#7
Ah Young Lim, Seung-Hee Lee, Yeongju Jeon, Rankyung Yoo, Hee-Yeon Jung
Background: Increases in unemployment and suicide in the young Korean population have recently become major social concerns in the country. The purpose of this study was to examine mental health status in young job seekers and identify sociodemographic factors related to job-seeking stress, depression, and suicidal ideation. We also explored the mediating effect of depression on the relationship between job-seeking stress and suicidal ideation and examined whether social support moderated this effect...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721654/-physician-assistants-in-surgery-a-young-profession-through-graduates-eyes
#8
Marcus Hoffmann, Silke Arnegger, Bettina Mend, Reinhard Hoffmann, Tanja Marschall
BACKGROUND: In Germany, physician assistant (PA) is a comparatively young profession. The concept paper by the German Medical Association (BÄK) and the Federation of Statutory Health Insurance Physicians (KBV) from 2017 defines the new occupational profile in detail. In contrast, there is hardly any information on the day to day working life of a PA in Germany OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to map the employment reality of the PA graduates of the study program of the Baden-Wuerttemberg Cooperative State University Karlsruhe...
May 2, 2018: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719311/registry-data-coordinator-rdc-a-proper-accessible-strategy-for-improving-road-traffic-injury-rti-hospital-based-trauma-registry-systems-in-developing-countries-and-low-income-countries
#9
Zahra Meidani, Mehrdad Mahdian, Atefe Ayan, Mahdi Mohammadzade, Alimohammad Nickfarjam, Gholam Abbas Moosavi
Introduction: Evidence suggested that a significant level of trauma mortality can be prevented using registry system. Aim: This study aimed to improve Kashan Hospital Based Trauma Registry System (KHBTRS) for Road Traffic Injury (RTI). Material and methods: After conducting focus group discussion absence of minimum data set (MDS) and poor data collection process (DCP) were identified as main problems for KHBTRS- RTI. Proposed MDS were surveyed by 20 experts of trauma research center of throughout the Iran...
2018: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716833/understanding-customers-the-jobs-to-be-done-theory-applied-in-the-context-of-a-rural-food-pantry
#10
J Mitchell Vaterlaus, Natalie Martineau Cottle, Emily Vaterlaus Patten, Robyn Gibbons
BACKGROUND: Food insecurity, and particularly rural food insecurity, has unique challenges associated with it. Understanding the customer or patron needs is increasingly important in resolving this national concern. The Jobs to Be Done Theory posits that when considering customers, it is beneficial to move past demographic profiling and focus on what the customer wants to accomplish by using a particular product or service. OBJECTIVE: This qualitative study aimed to determine customers' jobs to be done at a rural food pantry...
April 28, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707516/communication-rehabilitation-in-sub-saharan-africa-the-role-of-speech-and-language-therapists
#11
Karen Wylie, Lindy McAllister, Bronwyn Davidson, Julie Marshall
Background: Workforce factors present a significant barrier to the development of rehabilitation services for people with communication disabilities in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Exploring how the work of speech and language therapists (SLTs) in the region is organised and delivered can provide insight into existing services, areas for future workforce development and improved rehabilitation access for people with communication disability. Objectives: This paper describes the employment and service provision patterns and work roles of a sample of SLTs in SSA...
2018: African Journal of Disability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706027/monitoring-and-interventions-are-needed-to-reduce-the-very-high-caesarean-section-rates-in-vietnam
#12
Hoang Thi Nam Giang, Sarah Ulrich, Hoang Thi Tran, Susanne Bechtold-Dalla Pozza
AIM: The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of Caesarean sections in the third largest city in Vietnam and identify the associated risk factors. METHODS: This descriptive study was conducted in Da Nang from April 2015 to March 2016 and the hospital-based sample comprised 20,535 women who delivered during this period. Caesarean section cases were categorised into private and public hospitals and groups of primiparous and multiparous women. RESULTS: We recruited 10 of the 12 hospitals in the City and they covered 90% of births during the study period...
April 29, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705737/chairing-an-academic-pathology-department-challenges-and-opportunities
#13
REVIEW
Zu-Hua Gao
Understanding the heterogeneity of departmental structure, service model and job descriptions for different pathology chairs, this review highlights some common challenges and opportunities facing most pathology chairs in academic institutions. The review is divided into three sections: clinical service, academic development and administration. The views and insights from this review may provide guidance to new chairs and emerging leaders in pathology and other relevant specialties.
April 28, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702357/serial-multiple-mediation-of-organizational-commitment-and-job-burnout-in-the-relationship-between-psychological-capital-and-anxiety-in-chinese-female-nurses-a-cross-sectional-questionnaire-survey
#14
Jiawei Zhou, Yanjie Yang, Xiaohui Qiu, Xiuxian Yang, Hui Pan, Bo Ban, Zhengxue Qiao, Lin Wang, Wenbo Wang
BACKGROUND: Nurses play an important role in medical and health services but anxiety among those in this profession is widespread. Anxiety not only damages the physical and mental health of the individual, but also reduces the efficiency of their work and the quality of care, ultimately impacting on patient care. Therefore, it is necessary to elucidate the factors that lead to anxiety and explore measures to reduce the impact these factors have on nurses. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the serial-multiple mediation of psychological capital (PsyCap), organizational commitment, job burnout, and anxiety among Chinese female nurses...
March 21, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701582/social-determinants-of-health-stretching-health-care-s-job-description
#15
Lola Butcher
Providers and payers are being asked to tackle the 'upstream' causes of poor health. Medicaid managed care organizations are being asked to screen enrollees for social needs. Some targeted efforts have translated into cost savings and make sense in value-based arrangements. But are we asking the health sector to take on too much?
April 2018: Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693264/perceptions-of-organizational-support-and-its-impact-on-nurses-job-outcomes
#16
Leodoro J Labrague, Denise M McEnroe Petitte, Michael C Leocadio, Peter Van Bogaert, Konstantinos Tsaras
PROBLEM: Strong organizational support can promote a sense of well-being and positive work behaviors in nurses. However, despite the importance of organizational support in nursing, this topic remains unexplored in the Philippines. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine the impact of organizational support perceptions on nurses' work outcomes (organizational commitment, work autonomy, work performance, job satisfaction, job stress, and turnover intention)...
April 25, 2018: Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691344/women-in-radiography-practice-in-ghana-motivating-and-demotivating-factors
#17
Samuel Anim-Sampong, Lawrence Arthur, Josephine Abena Nkansah, Benard Ohene Botwe
PURPOSE: To investigate and establish reasons for the smaller but increasing population of female radiographers in Ghana, and to evaluate the motivating and demotivating contributory factors associated with women's choice of the profession. METHODS: A descriptive quantitative survey design and a purposive sampling technique were used to recruit participants from hospitals, clinics, and private imaging centers in Ghana. Forty registered female radiographers were invited to participate in the survey, and 30 participants completed and returned the questionnaires...
March 2018: Radiologic Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687754/barriers-to-empathy-based-care-oncology-nurses-perceptions
#18
Fariba Taleghani, Elaheh Ashouri, Mehrdad Memarzadeh, Mortaza Saburi
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore oncology nurses' barriers to empathy-based care perceptions. Design/methodology/approach The authors used a descriptive qualitative method. In total, 18 oncology nurses were selected via purposive sampling. Data were collected through in-depth interviews and qualitative content analysis using an inductive approach. Findings Three main categories emerged from the data analysis: barriers related to nursing including: lacking compassion; disinterest in oncology nursing and self-criticism; psychological distress; barriers related to healthcare: job strain; task-centeredness; no formal training; poor manager support; nurse-patient gender imbalance; and barriers related to cancer care including: difficulty maintaining empathy with cancer patients; and inappropriate cancer patient Practical implications Oncology nurses provided insights into barriers to empathy-based care and the challenges they encountered while caring for cancer patients...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686734/reflections-on-integrated-care-from-those-working-in-and-leading-integrated-respiratory-teams
#19
Nicola J Roberts, Mike Ward, Irem Patel, Janelle Yorke, Martyn R Partridge
The concept of integrated care has been advocated for many years to address some of the challenges faced by the NHS. This report examines the experiences of respiratory healthcare specialists working in an integrated role. Twelve qualitative telephone interviews were undertaken with a range of integrated respiratory specialists and their teams working in both hospitals and the community. A descriptive and thematic approach to data analysis was adopted. Participants were very enthusiastic about their roles and saw themselves as ambassadors for this new way of working...
March 2018: London Journal of Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682890/work-engagement-and-its-predictors-in-registered-nurses-a-cross-sectional-design
#20
Qiaoqin Wan, Weijiao Zhou, Zhaoyang Li, Shaomei Shang, Fang Yu
Nurses are key staff members of health-care organizations. Nurse engagement directly influences quality of care and organizational performance. The purpose of the present study was to understand the state of work engagement and explore its predictors among registered nurses in China by using a descriptive, cross-sectional survey design (n = 1065). Work engagement was measured with the Chinese version of the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale. The results showed that the average work engagement of Chinese nurses was 3...
April 23, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
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