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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245167/-are-we-really-as-happy-as-we-think-we-are-a-critical-examination-of-work-satisfaction-in-a-university-pediatric-hospital
#1
Andreas Hiemisch, Yve Stöbel-Richter, Gesine Grande, Elmar Brähler, Wieland Kiess
Goals Despite numerous reported deficits and an increasingly tense working environment in German hospitals, employees themselves often assess their job satisfaction as being high to very high. Hence, the board of directors does not have important arguments for sustainable improvement of working conditions. This discrepancy between working conditions and subjective satisfaction was the motivation for this work. Methods Data were acquired via an attitude survey at the University Hospital for Children and Adolescents Leipzig, with employees sub-divided into medical, nursing and administrative/technical staff...
December 15, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243354/effectiveness-of-extended-contact-interventions-for-weight-management-delivered-via-text-messaging-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
J R Job, B S Fjeldsoe, E G Eakin, M M Reeves
BACKGROUND: Extended contact interventions provide support for continued weight management (weight loss/prevention of weight regain) following a weight loss intervention. Text messages offer a medium for delivery in a potentially cost-effective, broad-reach manner. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to examine (i) the effectiveness of extended contact, text message interventions for adults in supporting weight management, and (ii) which intervention characteristics are common to those that are effective...
December 15, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243284/professional-paradox-identity-formation-in-qualified-doctors-pursuing-further-training
#3
Mercedes Chan, Dan Pratt, Gary Poole, Ravi Sidhu
CONTEXT: Many newly qualified specialists and subspecialists pursue additional training. Although their motivations are many, the pursuit of further training as an alternative to unemployment is an emerging trend. Paradoxically, doctors continue as trainees with a consultant's credentials, and without the guarantee of eventual employment. This study explores seven doctors' experiences, the effects of further training on their professional identity formation (PIF), and how these effects are reconciled on a personal and professional level...
December 15, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239846/molecular-subtypes-of-clear-cell-renal-cell-carcinoma-are-associated-with-outcome-during-pazopanib-therapy-in-the-metastatic-setting
#4
Annelies Verbiest, Gabrielle Couchy, Sylvie Job, Jessica Zucman-Rossi, Laure Caruana, Evelyne Lerut, Raymond Oyen, Aurélien de Reyniès, Brigitte Laguerre, Nathalie Rioux-Leclercq, Agnieszka Wozniak, Steven Joniau, Hendrik Van Poppel, Kathleen Van Den Eynde, Benoit Beuselinck
BACKGROUND: We previously described 4 molecular subtypes of metastatic clear cell renal cell carcinoma (mccRCC), named ccrcc1-4 (Beuselinck et al, 2015). These have both prognostic and predictive value for patients treated with first-line sunitinib, with distinctive objective response rate (ORR), progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS). The ccrcc2 and ccrcc3 tumors have the best outcomes, followed by ccrcc1 and then ccrcc4. We hypothesized that these molecular subtypes would show similar outcomes with first-line pazopanib treatment...
November 7, 2017: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238847/which-pre-hospital-triage-parameters-indicate-a-need-for-immediate-evaluation-and-treatment-of-severely-injured-patients-in-the-resuscitation-area
#5
K O Jensen, R Heyard, D Schmitt, L Mica, C Ossendorf, H P Simmen, G A Wanner, C M L Werner, L Held, K Sprengel
PURPOSE: To find ways to reduce the rate of over-triage without drastically increasing the rate of under-triage, we applied a current guideline and identified relevant pre-hospital triage predictors that indicate the need for immediate evaluation and treatment of severely injured patients in the resuscitation area. METHODS: Data for adult trauma patients admitted to our level-1 trauma centre in a one year period were collected. Outpatients were excluded. Correct triage for trauma team activation was identified for patients with an ISS or NISS ≥ 16 or the need for ICU treatment due to trauma sequelae...
December 13, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234456/-it-s-still-a-great-adventure-exploring-offshore-employees-working-conditions-in-a-qualitative-study
#6
Janika Mette, Marcial Velasco Garrido, Volker Harth, Alexandra M Preisser, Stefanie Mache
Background: Despite the particular demands inherent to offshore work, little is known about the working conditions of employees in the German offshore wind industry. To date, neither offshore employees' job demands and resources, nor their needs for improving the working conditions have been explored. Therefore, the aim of this study was to conduct a qualitative analysis to gain further insight into these topics. Methods: Forty-two semi-structured telephone interviews with German offshore employees (n = 21) and offshore experts (n = 21) were conducted...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234449/the-phenomena-of-naturopathic-practitioner-predictors-of-a-high-patient-throughput
#7
Katja Goetz, Stefanie Kattge, Jost Steinhäuser
Objective. The aim of the current study was to evaluate which factors predicted a high patient throughput to add more evidence to the phenomena of naturopathic practitioners. Methods. The cross-sectional study was based on a questionnaire with a sample of 1,096 naturopathic practitioners in the German Federal State of Schleswig-Holstein. Besides, sociodemographic data and practice characteristics topics like job satisfaction and feeling for the job were evaluated. This was supplemented with an evaluation of patient traits which were perceived as challenging...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233107/correlation-of-occupational-stress-with-depression-anxiety-and-sleep-in-korean-dentists-cross-sectional-study
#8
Kyung-Won Song, Won-Seok Choi, Hee-Jung Jee, Chi-Sung Yuh, Yong-Ku Kim, Leen Kim, Heon-Jeong Lee, Chul-Hyun Cho
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the degree of occupational stress and the clinical mental state of dentists. In addition, we investigated the correlation of occupational stress with depression, anxiety, and sleep among dentists in Korea. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey on 231 dentists was conducted using the Doctor Job Stress Scale, Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), State-Trait Anxiety Index (STAI), and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI)...
December 12, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230388/blood-body-fluid-exposure-and-needle-stick-sharp-injury-among-nurses-working-in-public-hospitals-southwest-ethiopia
#9
Yeshitila Belay Belachew, Tefera Belachew Lema, Gugssa Nemera Germossa, Yohannes Mehretie Adinew
Background: Every health professional around the world is at risk of blood/body fluid exposure and needle stick/sharp injury as a result of exposure to blood or body fluids and needle or sharp injuries. However, the extent of these hazards and their driving forces are not well documented in Ethiopia. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess determinants of blood/body fluid exposure and needle stick/sharp injury among nurses working in Jimma zone, southwest Ethiopia. Methods: An institution-based census was conducted among 318 nurses working in Jimma zone public hospitals from March 10 to 30, 2016...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227159/moving-on-from-adversity-an-understanding-of-resilience-in-rural-thai-older-people
#10
Wilaiwan Pathike, Anthony Paul O'Brien, Sharyn Hunter
OBJECTIVE: This study explored the concept of resilience in rural Thai older people. METHOD: The study was exploratory and descriptive in design. Ethnographic fieldwork was undertaken in four rural Thai communities. Non-participant observation (340 h) and 35 semi-structured interviews with older people enabled the collection of qualitative data. Nvivo 10 was used to collate and organise the qualitative data. Data analysis was conducted thematically. RESULTS: One major core theme and five qualitative sub-themes emerged from the data related to the theoretical construct of rural Thai elders' resilience...
December 11, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223198/second-order-growth-mixture-modeling-in-organizational-psychology-an-application-in-the-study-of-job-performance-using-the-cusp-catastrophe-model
#11
Guido Alessandri, Enrico Perinelli, Evelina De Longis, Annalisa Theodorou
In recent years, research in organizational psychology has witnessed a shift in attention from a mostly variable-focused approach, to a mostly person-focused approach. Indeed, it has been widely recognized that the study of worker's heterogeneity is a meaningful and necessary task of researchers dealing with human behavior in organizational contexts. As a consequence, there has been growing interest in the application of statistical analyses able to uncover latent sub-groups of workers. The present contribution was conceived as a tutorial for the application of one of these statistical analyses, namely second-order growth mixture modeling, and to illustrate its inner links with concepts from non-linear dynamic models...
January 2018: Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222894/international-hospital-accreditation-and-clinical-nutrition-service-in-acute-care-hospitals-in-south-korea-results-of-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-survey
#12
Mi Hyang Um, Eun Soon Lyu, Song Mi Lee, Yoo Kyoung Park
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Beginning in 2007, 29 hospitals in South Korea have received accreditation from Joint Commission International (JCI). The present study aimed to identify differences in clinical nutrition service provisions between JCI accredited acute care hospitals and non-accredited acute care hospitals. A survey questionnaire was sent to all 43 acute care hospitals in South Korea. METHODS: A total of 35 sets of clinical nutrition service surveys, 234 sets of clinical dietitian job satisfaction surveys, and five-day daily work logs from 129 clinical dietitians were received...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220582/accounting-for-men-s-refusal-of-heterosex-a-story-completion-study-with-young-adults
#13
Melanie Ann Beres, Gareth Terry, Charlene Y Senn, Lily Kay Ross
In the present study we bring together theory regarding the construction of heterosexuality and masculinities to understand the shifting and changing terrain of heterosexual sex (heterosex). We use inductive qualitative content analysis of story completion data to discover the different ways that heterosex is constructed by the male and female respondents in scenarios where women initiate sex and men, at first, refuse. The stories represented a spectrum of responses that reify and subvert dominant understandings of heterosex...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219880/the-health-information-technology-competencies-tool-does-it-translate-for-nursing-informatics-in-the-united-states
#14
Carolyn Sipes, Kathleen Hunter, Dee McGonigle, Karen West, Taryn Hill, Toni Hebda
Information technology use in healthcare delivery mandates a prepared workforce. The initial Health Information Technology Competencies tool resulted from a 2-year transatlantic effort by experts from the US and European Union to identify approaches to develop skills and knowledge needed by healthcare workers. It was determined that competencies must be identified before strategies are established, resulting in a searchable database of more than 1000 competencies representing five domains, five skill levels, and more than 250 roles...
December 2017: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217924/types-of-cancers-diagnosed-and-the-preference-of-families-of-adult-patients-with-cancer-about-disclosing-diagnosis-to-the-patients
#15
Engida Abebe, Hana Abebe
Background: Cancer has become one of the top causes of death in developing nations killing more people than the common infectious diseases do. For several reasons, disclosing cancer diagnosis to the patient is a challenging job for physicians and family members. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was done to determine the common cancer diagnosis and the preference about disclosing cancer diagnosis to the patients among attendants of adult cancer patients seen at the regular surgical OPD of St...
May 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215811/impacts-of-return-to-work-type-and-period-on-job-retention-in-workers-with-occupational-injuries-and-diseases
#16
Inchul Jeong, Jae Bum Park, Hyoung Ryoul Kim, Jin Ha Yoon, Jong Uk Won, Jaehoon Roh
BACKGROUND: Despite the necessity of job retention in achieving return-to-work (RTW) goals, many workers leave their jobs after returning to work. The objective of this study was to examine the impacts of RTW type and period on job retention in Korean workers with occupational injuries and diseases. METHODS: Data were derived from the Panel Study of Worker's Compensation Insurance, including data from 2,000 systemically sampled workers who had finished recuperation in 2012; three waves of survey data were included in the analyses...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215801/the-barriers-to-the-prevention-of-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-from-the-perspective-of-critical-care-nurses-a-qualitative-descriptive-study
#17
Vajihe Atashi, Hojatollah Yousefi, Hosein Mahjobipoor, Ahmadreza Yazdannik
INTRODUCTION: Most patients hospitalized in intensive care units need mechanical ventilation. One of the most prevalent and serious complications of mechanical ventilation is ventilator-associated pneumonia. There are different barriers to the prevention of this kind of pneumonia. The aim of this study was to explore the perspectives of Iranian critical care nurses on the barriers to ventilator-associated pneumonia prevention in intensive care units. METHODS: This qualitative descriptive study was done on a purposive sample of 23 critical care nurses...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214716/psychometric-assessment-of-the-spiritual-climate-scale-arabic-version-for-nurses-in-saudi-arabia
#18
Jonas Preposi Cruz, Hamdan Mohammad Albaqawi, Sami Melbes Alharbi, Jerico G Alicante, Luciano M Vitorino, Hamzeh Y Abunab
AIM: To assess the psychometric properties of the Spiritual Climate Scale Arabic version for Saudi nurses. BACKGROUND: Evidence showed that a high level of spiritual climate in the workplace is associated with increased productivity and performance, enhanced emotional intelligence, organisational commitment and job satisfaction among nurses. METHOD: A convenient sample of 165 Saudi nurses was surveyed in this descriptive, cross-sectional study...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214222/reasons-to-pursue-a-career-in-medicine-a-qualitative-study-in-sierra-leone
#19
Aniek Woodward, Suzanne Thomas, Mohamed Bella Jalloh, John Rees, Andrew Leather
Background: Many low-income and crises-affected countries like Sierra Leone struggle with the recruitment and retention of their health professionals, particularly nurses and doctors. There are multiple factors that influence the 'recruitment to retention' pipeline. The first stage of an exploration into the issues influencing the availability of qualified health care workers may focus on the aspects which influence their entry into relevant educational programmes. This paper explores the reasons given by junior doctors in Sierra Leone for wanting to become a doctor...
2017: Global Health Research and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214195/work-stress-fatigue-and-risk-behaviors-at-the-wheel-data-to-assess-the-association-between-psychosocial-work-factors-and-risky-driving-on-bus-rapid-transit-drivers
#20
Sergio Useche, Boris Cendales, Viviola Gómez
This Data in Brief (DiB) article presents a hierarchical multiple linear regression model that examine the associations between psychosocial work factors and risk behaviors at the wheel in Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) drivers (n=524). The data were collected using a structured self-administrable questionnaire made of measurements of wok stress (job strain and effort- reward imbalance), fatigue (need for recovery and chronic fatigue), psychological distress and demographics (professional driving experience, hours driven per day and days working per week)...
December 2017: Data in Brief
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