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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909012/the-effect-of-job-loss-on-depressive-symptoms-the-results-from-the-korean-welfare-panel-study-2007-2013
#1
Hyo Jung Yoon, Jae Woo Choi, Suk-Young Jang, Sang Ah Lee, Eun-Cheol Park
BACKGROUND: Unemployment is closely associated with depressive symptoms. We conducted analysis to find whether the job loss increased the risk of depressive symptoms according to job status, occupation and tenure. METHODS: Data were collected from Korean Welfare Panel Study (KOWEPS) from 2007 to 2013. To measure the increase in depressive score, we selected respondents who answered for at least 2 years of continuous waves. We performed a longitudinal analysis by generalized estimating equation (GEE) method with a total of 19,399 cases...
November 30, 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904634/an-attempt-for-empowering-education-a-qualitative-study-of-in-service-training-of-nursing-personnel
#2
Mahmood Chaghari, Abbas Ebadi, Ahmad Ameryoun, Mohsen Safari
BACKGROUND: In-service training of nursing personnel has a significant role in increasing the empowerment of nurses and promotion of the quality of health services. The objective of this study is to identify and explain the process of in-service training of nursing personnel in the hospitals affiliated with Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences in Tehran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study employed a qualitative approach using Corbin and Strauss method (2008) in 2015, and examined the viewpoints and experiences of 35 nurses, nurse managers, and educational managers with the in-service education of nursing staffs...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903294/transformational-leadership-empowerment-and-job-satisfaction-the-mediating-role-of-employee-empowerment
#3
Sang Long Choi, Chin Fei Goh, Muhammad Badrull Hisyam Adam, Owee Kowang Tan
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have revealed that nursing staff turnover remains a major problem in emerging economies. In particular, nursing staff turnover in Malaysia remains high due to a lack of job satisfaction. Despite a shortage of healthcare staff, the Malaysian government plans to create 181 000 new healthcare jobs by 2020 through the Economic Transformation Programme (ETP). This study investigated the causal relationships among perceived transformational leadership, empowerment, and job satisfaction among nurses and medical assistants in two selected large private and public hospitals in Malaysia...
December 1, 2016: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900621/an-assessment-of-radiation-oncology-medical-physicists-perspectives-on-undertaking-research
#4
Martin A Ebert, Georgia K B Halkett, Melissa Berg, David Cutt, Michael Davis, Desley Hegney, Michael House, Michele Krawiec, Rachel Kearvell, Leanne Lester, Sharon Maresse, Peter McLoone, Jan McKay
As part of a study of the radiation oncology workforce, radiation oncology medical physicists (ROMPs) who had worked in Australia were surveyed regarding their attitudes to participating in research. Responses from 88 ROMPs were available for analysis, representing a broad mix of employment situations and research experience. Greater than 70% of ROMPs described their involvement in research as "liking it" or "loving it", with associated identified benefits including skills development, job satisfaction and career progression...
November 29, 2016: Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896971/rabix-an-open-source-workflow-executor-supporting-recomputability-and-interoperability-of-workflow-descriptions
#5
Gaurav Kaushik, Sinisa Ivkovic, Janko Simonovic, Nebojsa Tijanic, Brandi Davis-Dusenbery, Deniz Kural
As biomedical data has become increasingly easy to generate in large quantities, the methods used to analyze it have proliferated rapidly. Reproducible and reusable methods are required to learn from large volumes of data reliably. To address this issue, numerous groups have developed workflow specifications or execution engines, which provide a framework with which to perform a sequence of analyses. One such specification is the Common Workflow Language, an emerging standard which provides a robust and flexible framework for describing data analysis tools and workflows...
2016: Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895843/severe-anemia-in-malawian-children
#6
Job Cj Calis, Kamija S Phiri, E Brian Faragher, Bernard J Brabin, Imelda Bates, Luis E Cuevas, Rob J de Haan, Ajib I Phiri, Pelani Malange, Mirriam Khoka, Paul Jm Hulshof, Lisette van Lieshout, Marcel Ghm Beld, Yik Y Teo, Kirk A Rockett, Anna Richardson, Dominic P Kwiatkowski, Malcolm E Molyneux, Michaël Boele van Hensbroek
BACKGROUND: Severe anemia is a major cause of sickness and death in African children, yet the causes of anemia in this population have been inadequately studied. METHODS: We conducted a case-control study of 381 preschool children with severe anemia (hemoglobin concentration, <5.0 g per deciliter) and 757 preschool children without severe anemia in urban and rural settings in Malawi. Causal factors previously associated with severe anemia were studied. The data were examined by multivariate analysis and structural equation modeling...
September 2016: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894688/dna-and-chromosomal-damage-in-medical-workers-exposed-to-anaesthetic-gases-assessed-by-the-lymphocyte-cytokinesis-block-micronucleus-cbmn-assay-a-critical-review
#7
REVIEW
Pavel Vodicka, Ludovit Musak, Giovanni Fiorito, Veronika Vymetalkova, Ludmila Vodickova, Alessio Naccarati
The lymphocyte cytokinesis-block micronucleus (CBMN) assay has been applied in hundreds of in vivo biomonitoring studies of humans exposed either environmentally or occupationally to genotoxic chemicals. However, there is an emerging need to re-evaluate the use of MN and other biomarkers within the lymphocyte CBMN cytome assay as quantitative indicators of exposure to main classes of chemical genotoxins. The main aim of the present report is to systematically review published studies investigating the use of the lymphocyte CBMN assay to determine DNA damage in subjects exposed to anaesthetic gases...
October 2016: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890116/forms-of-work-organization-and-associations-with-shoulder-disorders-results-from-a-french-working-population
#8
Julie Bodin, Ronan Garlantézec, Nathalie Costet, Alexis Descatha, Natacha Fouquet, Sandrine Caroly, Yves Roquelaure
The aim of this study was to identify forms of work organization in a French region and to study associations with the occurrence of symptomatic and clinically diagnosed shoulder disorders in workers. Workers were randomly included in this cross-sectional study from 2002 to 2005. Sixteen organizational variables were assessed by a self-administered questionnaire: i.e. shift work, job rotation, repetitiveness of tasks, paced work/automatic rate, work pace dependent on quantified targets, permanent controls or surveillance, colleagues' work and customer demand, and eight variables measuring decision latitude...
March 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887668/meddling-with-middle-modalities-a-decomposition-approach-to-mental-health-inequalities-between-intersectional-gender-and-economic-middle-groups-in-northern-sweden
#9
Per E Gustafsson, Miguel San Sebastián, Paola A Mosquera
BACKGROUND: Intersectionality has received increased interest within population health research in recent years, as a concept and framework to understand entangled dimensions of health inequalities, such as gender and socioeconomic inequalities in health. However, little attention has been paid to the intersectional middle groups, referring to those occupying positions of mixed advantage and disadvantage. OBJECTIVE: This article aimed to 1) examine mental health inequalities between intersectional groups reflecting structural positions of gender and economic affluence and 2) decompose any observed health inequalities, among middle groups, into contributions from experiences and conditions representing processes of privilege and oppression...
2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884804/gender-based-differences-in-surgical-residents-perceptions-of-patient-safety-continuity-of-care-and-well-being-an-analysis-from-the-flexibility-in-duty-hour-requirements-for-surgical-trainees-first-trial
#10
Kristen A Ban, Jeanette W Chung, Richard S Matulewicz, Rachel R Kelz, Judy A Shea, Allison R Dahlke, Christopher Quinn, Anthony D Yang, Karl Y Bilimoria
BACKGROUND: Little is known about gender differences in residency training experiences and whether duty hour policies affect these differences. Using data from the Flexibility in Duty Hour Requirements for Surgical Trainees (FIRST) Trial, we (1) examined gender differences in surgical resident perceptions of patient safety, education, health/well-being, and job satisfaction and (2) assessed whether duty hour policies affected gender differences. STUDY DESIGN: We compared proportions of male and female residents expressing dissatisfaction or perceiving a negative effect of duty hours on aspects of residency training (patient safety, resident education, well-being, job satisfaction) overall and by postgraduate year (PGY)...
November 8, 2016: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882630/workplace-stress-burnout-and-coping-a-qualitative-study-of-the-experiences-of-australian-disability-support-workers
#11
Megan J Judd, Kate P Dorozenko, Lauren J Breen
Disability support workers (DSWs) are the backbone of contemporary disability support services and the interface through which disability philosophies and policies are translated into practical action. DSWs often experience workplace stress and burnout, resulting in a high turnover rate of employees within the non-professional disability service workforce. The full implementation of the National Disability Insurance Scheme in Australia is set to intensify the current challenges of attracting and retaining DSWs, as the role becomes characterised by greater demands, ambiguity and conflict...
November 23, 2016: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878890/a-qualitative-exploration-of-anesthesia-trainees-experiences-during-transition-to-a-children-s-hospital
#12
Peter W Howe, Koshila Kumar
BACKGROUND: The stresses of starting a new job can make anyone feel tired and inefficient. In health care, this may impair the ability to learn at a time when there is most to learn, and increase the risk of error in a context where errors may lead to patient harm. AIM: The aim of this study was to understand issues which influence anesthesia trainees' transition to a pediatric setting. METHODS: This qualitative study utilized in-depth semi-structured interviews to gather data from 31 anesthesia trainees who had commenced work at a tertiary children's hospital between 4 and 6 weeks previously...
November 22, 2016: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878844/factors-influencing-new-graduate-nurse-burnout-development-job-satisfaction-and-patient-care-quality-a-time-lagged-study
#13
Sheila A Boamah, Emily A Read, Heather K Spence Laschinger
AIM: To test a hypothesized model linking new graduate nurses' perceptions of their manager's authentic leadership behaviours to structural empowerment, short-staffing and work-life interference and subsequent burnout, job satisfaction and patient care quality. BACKGROUND: Authentic leadership and structural empowerment have been shown to reduce early career burnout among nurses. Short-staffing and work-life interference are also linked to burnout and may help explain the impact of positive, empowering leadership on burnout, which in turn influences job satisfaction and patient care quality...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876456/a-qualitative-study-of-the-current-situation-of-elderly-care-in-iran-what-can-we-do-for-the-future
#14
Salime Goharinezhad, Mohammadreza Maleki, Hamid Reza Baradaran, Hamid Ravaghi
BACKGROUND: With the successful improvement of global health systems and social security in societies, the world is now advancing toward aging. All countries have to face the phenomenon of population aging sooner or later depending on their degree of development; however, elderly care is predicted to soon become a major concern for developing countries such as Iran. OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to identify the challenges of elderly care in Iran and to help policymakers develop roadmaps for the future through providing a clearer image of the current state of affairs in this area of healthcare...
2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875925/the-application-of-subjective-job-task-analysis-techniques-in-physically-demanding-occupations-evidence-for-the-presence-of-self-serving-bias
#15
Benjamin Lee-Bates, Daniel C Billing, Peter Caputi, Greg L Carstairs, Denise Linnane, Kane Middleton
The aim of this study was to determine if perceptions of physically demanding job tasks are biased by employee' demographics and employment profile characteristics including: age, sex, experience, length of tenure, rank, and if they completed or supervised a task. Surveys were administered to 427 Royal Australian Navy personnel who characterised 33 tasks in terms of physical effort, importance, frequency, duration and vertical/horizontal distance travelled. Results showed no evidence of bias resulting from participant characteristics, however participants who were actively involved in both task participation and supervision rated these tasks as more important than those involved only in the supervision of that task...
November 23, 2016: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875605/sustaining-family-physicians-in-urban-underserved-settings
#16
Anne Getzin, Bonnie L Bobot, Deborah Simpson
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to identify factors that sustain family physicians practicing in Milwaukee's underserved urban areas. METHODS: Family physicians with clinical careers in Milwaukee's urban, underserved communities were identified and invited to participate in a 45-60 minute interview using a literature-based semi-structured protocol. Each interview was transcribed and de-identified prior to independent analysis using a grounded theory qualitative approach by two authors to yield sustaining themes...
November 2016: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875012/growth-of-nurse-prescribing-competence-facilitators-and-barriers-during-education
#17
H Hopia, A Karhunen, J Heikkilä
OBJECTIVE: To describe facilitators and barriers in relation to the growth of nurse prescribing competence from the perspective of the nurses studying in a prescribing programme. BACKGROUND: The number of nurses enrolled in a nurse prescribing programme is rapidly increasing in XXX. However, few studies on nurse prescribing education are available and therefore research is needed, particularly from the point of view of nurses studying in the programme. DESIGN: The descriptive, qualitative study used the text of student online learning diaries as data during a 14-month prescribing programme...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872398/five-year-study-of-unidentified-unclaimed-and-unknown-deaths-brought-for-medicolegal-autopsy-at-premier-hospital-in-new-delhi-india
#18
Abhishek Yadav, Adarsh Kumar, Rajanikanta Swain, Sudhir Kumar Gupta
Delhi is the second largest city of the world both in terms of population and area, as well as being the capital of India. Every year, thousands of people from different states throng to the capital in search of a job in order to earn a living. When these people die and their bodies are found without any identifying documentation, it is very difficult for the police to establish their identities. These bodies are labelled as unidentified/unclaimed or unknown, and are sent for usually sent for medicolegal autopsy...
November 21, 2016: Medicine, Science, and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869304/disclose-or-not-effect-of-impression-management-tactics-on-hireability-of-persons-with-epilepsy
#19
Connie Sung, Chien-Chun Lin, Annemarie Connor, Fong Chan
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of assertive impression management (IM) tactics, such as personal storytelling and self-promotion, on job interview outcomes of people with epilepsy. Specifically, the effect of IM on interviewers' subjective impressions and evaluation of hireability of job candidates with epilepsy were examined. METHODS: Ninety-nine master's level graduate students majoring in business or human resources were randomly assigned to three experimental conditions to view one of three 15-min video clips of a job applicant interviewing for a technical computer sales position...
November 21, 2016: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869245/predictors-of-early-return-to-work-after-a-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery-cabg
#20
Ramin Mehrdad, Noroja Ghadiri Asli, Gholamreza Pouryaghoub, Maryam Saraei, Firoozeh Salimi, Mostafa Nejatian
OBJECTIVES: Identifying factors predictive of early return to work in patients who underwent a coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two hundred twenty-six working patients who volunteered and underwent a primary coronary artery bypass surgery between September 2013 and May 2014 were selected for the study and followed up for 6 months. Predictors of early return to work (RTW) (within 2 months) were analyzed from variables in a prospectively collected database and the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) questionnaire carried out in the hospital and rehabilitation center as well as from the follow-up performed via the phone...
November 18, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
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