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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542456/increasing-systematicity-leads-to-better-selection-decisions-evidence-from-a-computer-paradigm-for-evaluating-selection-tools
#1
Martin Bäckström, Fredrik Björklund
A computerized paradigm was created to allow for testing in the laboratory whether increasing systematicity helps the recruiter make better selection decisions. Participants were introduced to the job and the applicants on the computer screen and asked to select who they thought should be considered for the job and who should not. Level of systematicity, i.e. the extent to which the recruitment is methodical and uses prepared tools, was manipulated between subjects. Depending on experimental condition participants were helped by means of a tool for extracting judgment criteria (job analysis) and a tool for making judgments related to selected criteria (including calculation of a final score)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538933/epidemiological-profile-of-public-servants-absent-from-work-due-to-mental-disorders-from-2010-to-2013
#2
Davi Baasch, Rafaela Luiza Trevisan, Roberto Moraes Cruz
Objective: Describe the epidemiological profile of mental and behavior disorders (MBD) of public servants in the State of Santa Catarina, which resulted in workers providing medical certificates, between 2010 and 2013. Method: A descriptive cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach, performed from data provided by the State Secretary of Administration. All medical certificates classified as in Chapter V of ICD-10 - Group "F" - Mental and Behavioral Disorders (MBD) were considered for analysis in the period...
May 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535717/association-of-wage-with-employee-participation-in-health-assessments-and-biometric-screening
#3
Bruce W Sherman, Carol Addy
PURPOSE: To understand differences in health risk assessment (HRA) and biometric screening participation rates among benefits-enrolled employees in association with wage category. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of employee eligibility file and health benefits (wellness and claims) data. SETTING: Data from self-insured employers participating in the RightOpt private exchange (Conduent HR Services) during 2014. PARTICIPANTS: Active employees from 4 companies continuously enrolled in health insurance for which wage data were available...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535401/workforce-planning-and-training-in-obstetrics-and-gynaecology-across-europe-a-survey-of-national-trainee-societies
#4
Anna J M Aabakke, Alexandra Kristufkova, Charlotte Boyon, Laurids T Bune, Maud Van de Venne
OBJECTIVE(S): To describe the infrastructural differences in training in Obstetrics and Gynaecology (ObGyn) across Europe. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive web-based survey of 31 national ObGyn trainee societies representing the 30 member countries of the European Network of Trainees in Obstetrics and Gynaecology. Answers were verified in a telephone interview and only countries which had completed the telephone interview were included in the final analysis. RESULTS: The final analysis included 28 of 31 societies representing 27 countries (response rate 90%)...
May 10, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530416/assessment-centers-versus-cognitive-ability-tests-challenging-the-conventional-wisdom-on-criterion-related-validity
#5
Paul R Sackett, Oren R Shewach, Heidi N Keiser
Separate meta-analyses of the cognitive ability and assessment center (AC) literatures report higher criterion-related validity for cognitive ability tests in predicting job performance. We instead focus on 17 samples in which both AC and ability scores are obtained for the same examinees and used to predict the same criterion. Thus, we control for differences in job type and in criteria that may have affected prior conclusions. In contrast to Schmidt and Hunter's (1998) meta-analysis, reporting mean validity of ...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529097/-relationship-between-job-satisfaction-and-patient-safety-culture
#6
María José Merino-Plaza, Francisco Javier Carrera-Hueso, María Rosa Roca-Castelló, María Dolores Morro-Martín, Amparo Martínez-Asensi, Narjis Fikri-Benbrahim
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between safety culture and job satisfaction in a medium-stay hospital, showing the relationships between the dimensions that define both constructs and identifying the dimensions with the greatest impact on both variables. METHODS: Cross-sectional study conducted in 2015, using the Basque Health Service Job Satisfaction Survey and the Spanish version of the «Hospital Survey on Patient Safety» questionnaire (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality)...
May 19, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523050/frequency-of-color-blindness-in-pre-employment-screening-in-a-tertiary-health-care-center-in-pakistan
#7
Shaukat Ali Chhipa, Farzeen K Hashmi, Shehreen Ali, Mustafa Kamal, Khabir Ahmad
OBJECTIVE: To describe the frequency of color vision deficiency among Pakistani adults presenting for pre-employment health screening in a tertiary care hospital. METHODS: The cross-sectional study was carried out at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, and the data was collected for color vision deficiency, age, gender, and job applied for from pre-employment examination during 2013-2014. IBM SPSS 20 was used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: Three thousand four hundred and thirty seven persons underwent pre-employment screening during 2013 and 2014; 1837 (53...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522640/results-of-the-2015-national-certified-pharmacy-technician-workforce-survey
#8
Shane P Desselle, Erin R Holmes
PURPOSE: The results of the 2015 National Certified Pharmacy Technician Workforce Survey are described. METHODS: A survey was e-mailed to a randomized sample of 5,000 certified pharmacy technicians (CPhTs) throughout the United States, with response reminders employed. Survey items eliciting demographic and work characteristics and work life attitudes were generated from the literature and qualitative interviews. This study aimed to describe job satisfaction, sources of stress, profession and employer commitment, education and training, and reasons for entry into the profession among CPhTs and determine relationships between those variables and CPhTs' level of involvement in various work activities, with particular attention paid to differences in practice setting...
May 18, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521527/employment-outcome-four-years-after-a-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-results-of-the-paris-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-study
#9
Alexis Ruet, Claire Jourdan, Eléonore Bayen, Emmanuelle Darnoux, Dalila Sahridj, Idir Ghout, Sylvie Azerad, Pascale Pradat Diehl, Philippe Aegerter, James Charanton, Claire Vallat Azouvi, Philippe Azouvi
OBJECTIVE: To describe employment outcome four years after a severe traumatic brain injury by the assessment of individual patients' preinjury sociodemographic data, injury-related and postinjury factors. DESIGN: A prospective, multicenter inception cohort of 133 adult patients in the Paris area (France) who had received a severe traumatic brain injury were followed up postinjury at one and four years. Sociodemographic data, factors related to injury severity and one-year functional and cognitive outcomes were prospectively collected...
May 18, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516872/glucocorticoid-sparing-effect-of-first-year-anti-tnf%C3%AE-treatment-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-corpus-cohort
#10
Carole Duquenne, Daniel Wendling, Jean Sibilia, Chantal Job-Deslandre, Loic Guillevin, Jacques Benichou, René Marc Flipo, Francis Guillemin, Alain Saraux
OBJECTIVES: Anti-TNFα agents are indicated in selected patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who respond inadequately to methotrexate and particularly when glucocorticoids are mandatory. We evaluated whether a glucocorticoid-sparing effect occurred during the first year of anti-TNF-α therapy. METHODS: Between 2007 and 2009, the French multicentre, longitudinal, prospective, observational, population-based CORPUS cohort included biologic-naive patients with inflammatory joint disease...
May 15, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515185/the-job-content-questionnaire-in-various-occupational-contexts-applying-a-latent-class-model
#11
Kionna Oliveira Bernardes Santos, Tânia Maria de Araújo, Fernando Martins Carvalho, Robert Karasek
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate Job Content Questionnaire(JCQ) performance using the latent class model. METHODS: We analysed cross-sectional studies conducted in Brazil and examined three occupational categories: petroleum industry workers (n=489), teachers (n=4392) and primary healthcare workers (3078)and 1552 urban workers from a representative sample of the city of Feira de Santana in Bahia, Brazil. An appropriate number of latent classes was extracted and described each occupational category using latent class analysis, a multivariate method that evaluates constructs and takes into accountthe latent characteristics underlying the structure of measurement scales...
May 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512370/occupational-contact-allergy-to-omeprazole-and-ranitidine
#12
Inmaculada Herrera-Mozo, Pere Sanz-Gallen, Gabriel Martí-Amengual
Omeprazole is a proton pump inhibition and ranitidine is an H2 histamine receptor antagonist widely used in the treatment of gastroesophageal reflex disease, peptic ulcer disease, Zollinger-Ellison syndrome and as a protector of the gastric mucosae. We report a case of occupational contact allergy to omeprazole and ranitidine. A 48-year-old man, with no pre-existing history of atopy or lifestyle factors. He neither had any medical history of consumption of drugs such as ranitidine and omeprazole. He worked for 19 months in the pharmaceutical company that manufactured ranitidine base...
May 16, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512360/bullying-behavior-and-mental-health-in-healthcare-and-educational-sectors-in-kaunas-lithuania
#13
Lina Bernotaite, Vilija Malinauskiene, Palmira Leisyte
BACKGROUND: Investigations on workplace bullying in the countries of Eastern Europe are yet not too extensive. The aim of the study has been to identify the most frequent bullying behavior and to explore the associations with psychological distress and post-traumatic stress symptoms in 3 female-dominated occupations in Kaunas, Lithuania. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This crosssectional study employed 517 teachers (response rate (RR) = 71.3%), 174 family physicians (RR = 65...
May 16, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512158/association-between-changes-in-fat-distribution-and-biomarkers-for-breast-cancer
#14
Willemijn A van Gemert, Evelyn Monninkhof, Anne M May, Sjoerd G Elias, Job van der Palen, Wouter Veldhuis, Maaike Stapper, Rebecca K Stellato, Jantina A Schuit, Petra H M Peeters
We assessed the associations between changes in total and abdominal fat and changes in biomarkers for breast cancer risk using data of the SHAPE-2 trial. In the SHAPE-2 trial, 243 postmenopausal overweight women were included. The intervention in this trial consisted of 5-6 kg weight loss either by diet only or exercise plus diet. After 16 weeks, we measured serum sex hormones, inflammatory markers, total body fat (measured by DEXA scan) and intra and subcutaneous abdominal fat (measured by MRI). Associations between changes in different body fat depots and biomarkers were analysed by linear regression using the study cohort irrespective of randomization in order to make maximal use of the distribution of changes in fat measures...
May 16, 2017: Endocrine-related Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511634/human-factors-considerations-in-designing-for-infection-prevention-and-control-in-neonatal-care-findings-from-a-pre-design-inquiry
#15
Chantal Trudel, Sue Cobb, Kathryn Momtahan, Janet Brintnell, Ann Mitchell
Qualitative data collection methods drawn from the early stages of human-centred design frameworks combined with thematic analysis were used to develop an understanding of infection prevention practice within an existing neonatal intensive care unit. Findings were used to generate a framework of understanding which in turn helped inform a baseline approach for future research and design development. The study revealed that a lack of clarity between infection transmission zones and a lack of design attributes needed to uphold infection prevention measures may be undermining healthcare workers' understanding and application of good practice...
May 17, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511451/attitudes-of-mashhad-public-hospital-s-nurses-and-midwives-toward-the-causes-and-rates-of-medical-errors-reporting
#16
Sedigheh Sedigh Mobarakabadi, Hosein Ebrahimipour, Ali Vafaie Najar, Roksana Janghorban, Fatemeh Azarkish
INTRODUCTION: Patient's safety is one of the main objective in healthcare services; however medical errors are a prevalent potential occurrence for the patients in treatment systems. Medical errors lead to an increase in mortality rate of the patients and challenges such as prolonging of the inpatient period in the hospitals and increased cost. Controlling the medical errors is very important, because these errors besides being costly, threaten the patient's safety. AIM: To evaluate the attitudes of nurses and midwives toward the causes and rates of medical errors reporting...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511301/-mediating-role-of-over-commitment-in-the-relationship-between-effort-reward-and-burnout
#17
C Wang, S Li, S F Yu, J M Dai, X M Liu, T Li
Objective: To explore the mediating role of over-commitment in the relationship between occupational stressors and job burnout, and to offer more specificevidence-based information in exploring the work related health effects of over-commitment. Methods: A total of 1994 samples from electronic manufacturing service industry were collected in Guangdong province based on self-rated questionnaire after written consent from June to July, 2015. The Effort-Reward Imbalance questionnaire and Maslach Burnout Invertory-General Survey were used for the measurement of occupational stress and job burnout...
March 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511300/-mediator-effect-analysis-of-the-trait-coping-style-on-job-stress-and-fatigue-of-the-military-personnel-stationed-in-plateau-and-high-cold-region
#18
J J Zhang, J M Jia, N Tao, Z X Song, H Ge, Y Jiang, H Tian, E C Qiu, J H Tang, J W Liu
Objective: To investigate the fatigue status of military personnel stationed in plateau and high cold region, and to analyze the mediator effect of trait coping style on job stress and fatigue. Methods: In October 2010, with the method of cluster random sampling survey, 531 military personnel stationed in plateau and high cold region were chosen as subject. The fatigue status were evaluated by the Chinese version multidimensional fatigue inventory (MFI-20) , job stress were evaluated by the Job Stress Survey (JSS) , and trait coping style were evaluated by the Trait Coping Style Questionnaire (TCSQ) ...
March 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510466/empirical-bayesian-geographical-mapping-of-occupational-accidents-among-iranian-workers
#19
Nasim Vahabi, Anoshirvan Kazemnejad, Somnath Datta
BACKGROUND: Work-related accidents are believed to be a serious preventable cause of mortality and disability worldwide. This study aimed to provide Bayesian geographical maps of occupational injury rates among workers insured by the Iranian Social Security Organization. METHODS: The participants included all insured workers in the Iranian Social Security Organization database in 2012. One of the applications of the Bayesian approach called the Poisson-Gamma model was applied to estimate the relative risk of occupational accidents...
May 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509941/effects-of-perceived-job-insecurity-on-depression-suicide-ideation-and-decline-in-self-rated-health-in-korea-a-population-based-panel-study
#20
Min-Seok Kim, Yun-Chul Hong, Ji-Hoo Yook, Mo-Yeol Kang
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of job security on new development of depressive episode, suicide ideation, and decline in self-rated health. METHODS: Data from the Korea Welfare Panel Study from 2012 to 2015 were analysed. A total of 2912 waged workers self-assessed their depressive episode, suicide ideation, and health annually by answering the questionnaire. Participants were divided into three groups according to the level of job security: high, intermediate and low...
May 16, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
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