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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667647/can-job-control-ameliorate-work-family-conflict-and-enhance-job-satisfaction-among-chinese-registered-nurses-a-mediation-model
#1
Xiaotong Ding, Yajuan Yang, Dan Su, Ting Zhang, Lunlan Li, Huiping Li
BACKGROUND: Low job satisfaction is the most common cause of nurses' turnover and influences the quality of nursing service. Moreover, we have no idea regarding whether job control, as an individual factor, can play a role in the relationship. OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship between work-family conflict and job satisfaction among Chinese registered nurses and the mediating role of job control in this relationship. METHODS: From August 2015 to November 2016, 487 Chinese registered nurses completed a survey...
April 2018: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667643/risk-factors-associated-with-needlestick-injuries-among-health-care-workers-in-menoufia-governorate-egypt
#2
Hala Marawan Gabr, Aziza Saad El-Badry, Faten Ezzelarab Younis
BACKGROUND: Health care workers are at high risk of job-related blood-borne diseases due to needlestick injuries (NSIs). OBJECTIVE: To assess the risk factors associated with NSIs among health care workers in Menoufia governorate, Egypt. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 2260 health care workers of 4 randomly chosen hospitals in Menoufia governorate. Using a predesigned data collection sheet, all staff members were asked about the occurrence of NSIs in the previous 3 months...
April 2018: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666125/patient-safety-climate-in-general-public-hospitals-in-china-differences-associated-with-department-and-job-type-based-on-a-cross-sectional-survey
#3
Ping Zhou, Fei Bai, Hui-Qin Tang, Jie Bai, Min-Qi Li, Di Xue
OBJECTIVE: This study analysed differences in the perceived patient safety climate among different working departments and job types in public general hospitals in China. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Eighteen tertiary hospitals and 36 secondary hospitals from 10 areas in Shanghai, Hubei Province and Gansu Province, China. PARTICIPANTS: Overall, 4753 staff, including physicians, nurses, medical technicians and managers, were recruited from March to June 2015...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665856/job-satisfaction-and-associated-factors-among-health-professionals-working-at-western-amhara-region-ethiopia
#4
Kalkidan Temesgen, Moges Wubie Aycheh, Cheru Tesema Leshargie
BACKGROUND: In Ethiopia assuring the satisfaction of health care provider with their job is a major challenging problem. Job satisfaction is a worker's emotional response to different job related factors resulting in finding pleasure, comfort, confidence, rewards, personal growth and various positive opportunities, including upward mobility, recognition, and appraisal done on a merit pattern with monetary value as compensation. Professionals, whose needs and expectations are satisfied, tend to be more productive compared to their colleagues...
April 17, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665586/-working-conditions-and-mental-health-among-salaried-physicians-a-nationwide-comparison-with-a-representative-sample-of-employees
#5
Uwe Rose, Grit Müller, Gabriele Freude, Norbert Kersten
AIM: Do the amount of workload, strain and the association between both differ between employed physician and other employees subject to social security contributions? This is investigated in this present study by comparing two representative samples. METHODS: Psycho-social working conditions were by assessed computer-assisted personal interviews and supplemented by questions about burnout and depressive symptoms. The associations were investigated by linear regression analysis including moderating effects due to differences between occupations...
April 17, 2018: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664202/training-psychologists-for-rural-practice-exploring-opportunities-and-constraints
#6
Marisa Elena Domino, Ching-Ching Claire Lin, Joseph P Morrissey, Alan R Ellis, Erin Fraher, Erica L Richman, Kathleen C Thomas, Mitchell J Prinstein
PURPOSE: To examine trends in the psychologist workforce and training opportunities, including factors that may influence the decision of clinical psychologists to practice in rural settings. METHODS: We use a mixed-methods approach to examine the psychologist workforce nationally and in North Carolina (NC), including (1) an analysis of the location of programs awarding doctoral degrees; (2) an analysis of the practice, demographic, and educational characteristics of the psychologist workforce; and (3) interviews with directors of doctoral programs in clinical psychology to understand where current graduates are getting jobs and why they may or may not be choosing to practice in rural communities...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661173/predictors-of-elevated-capillary-blood-glucose-in-overweight-railway-french-employees-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#7
Emminarie Luisiana Lucas Garcia, David Debensason, Loïc Capron, Antoine Flahault, Jeanine Pommier
BACKGROUND: Hyperglycaemia is a risk factor of cardiovascular disease and a high risk state for progression to type 2 diabetes. Moreover, overweight, defined as a body mass index (BMI) between 25 and 29.9 kg/m2 , increases the risk of diabetes. Information about the feasibility of measuring, during routine occupational health examinations, predictors of elevated capillary blood glucose in overweight individuals is scarce. This study aims to identify factors that are associated with elevated capillary blood glucose and can be routinely measured in French overweight employees to develop targeted preventive strategies in the workplace...
April 16, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661025/self-efficacy-as-a-predictor-of-patient-reported-outcomes-in-adults-with-congenital-heart-disease
#8
Corina Thomet, Philip Moons, Markus Schwerzmann, Silke Apers, Koen Luyckx, Erwin N Oechslin, Adrienne H Kovacs
OBJECTIVE: Self-efficacy is a known predictor of patient-reported outcomes in individuals with acquired diseases. With an overall objective of better understanding patient-reported outcomes in adults with congenital heart disease, this study aimed to: (i) assess self-efficacy in adults with congenital heart disease, (ii) explore potential demographic and medical correlates of self-efficacy and (iii) determine whether self-efficacy explains additional variance in patient-reported outcomes above and beyond known predictors...
April 1, 2018: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660822/managing-work-and-cancer-treatment-experiences-among-survivors-of-hematological-cancer
#9
Maria D Thomson, Laura A Siminoff
BACKGROUND: The current study was performed to characterize the employment status of survivors of hematological cancer who have an informal caregiver from the time of diagnosis through the first 6 months of treatment. METHODS: Using a mixed methods approach, semistructured interviews with survivors of hematological cancer were conducted within 6 months of the initiation of cancer treatment. Interviews assessed cancer treatment status, barriers and facilitators to employment, financial and insurance status, and relationship with the primary caregiver...
April 16, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658948/maternal-employment-and-mexican-school-age-children-overweight-in-2012-the-importance-of-households-features
#10
Alejandro Martínez Espinosa
Background: International evidence regarding the relationship between maternal employment and school-age children overweight and obesity shows divergent results. In Mexico, this relationship has not been confirmed by national data sets analysis. Consequently, the objective of this article was to evaluate the role of the mothers' participation in labor force related to excess body weight in Mexican school-age children (aged 5-11 years). Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted on a sample of 17,418 individuals from the National Health and Nutrition Survey 2012, applying binomial logistic regression models...
2018: Boletín Médico del Hospital Infantil de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658734/build-or-buy-the-individual-and-unit-level-performance-of-internally-versus-externally-selected-managers-over-time
#11
Philip S DeOrtentiis, Chad H Van Iddekinge, Robert E Ployhart, Tom D Heetderks
At some point, hiring managers in all organizations face the decision of whether to fill open positions with internal candidates (e.g., through promotions) or to hire external candidates (e.g., from competitors or new entrants into the labor market). Despite this ubiquitous choice, surprisingly little research has compared the effectiveness of internal and external selection or has identified situations in which 1 approach may be better than the other. The authors use theory on human capital resources to predict differences between internal and external hires on manager- and unit-level outcomes...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658343/older-age-higher-perceived-disability-and-depressive-symptoms-predict-the-amount-and-severity-of-work-related-difficulties-in-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis
#12
Raggi Alberto, Ambra Mara Giovannetti, Silvia Schiavolin, Laura Brambilla, Greta Brenna, Paolo Agostino Confalonieri, Francesca Cortese, Rita Frangiamore, Matilde Leonardi, Renato Emilio Mantegazza, Marco Moscatelli, Michela Ponzio, Valentina Torri Clerici, Paola Zaratin, Laura De Torres
PURPOSE: This cross-sectional study aims to identify the predictors of work-related difficulties in a sample of employed persons with multiple sclerosis as addressed with the Multiple Sclerosis Questionnaire for Job Difficulties. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Hierarchical linear regression analysis was conducted to identify predictors of work difficulties: predictors included demographic variables (age, formal education), disease duration and severity, perceived disability and psychological variables (cognitive dysfunction, depression and anxiety)...
April 16, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656882/factors-influencing-choice-of-radiology-and-relationship-to-resident-job-satisfaction
#13
Shanna A Matalon, Jeffrey P Guenette, Stacy E Smith, Jennifer W Uyeda, Alicia S Chua, Glenn C Gaviola, Sara M Durfee
PURPOSE: Identify when current radiology residents initially became interested in radiology, which factors influenced their decision to pursue a career in radiology, and which factors correlate with job satisfaction. METHODS: An online survey was distributed to United States radiology residents between December 7, 2016 and March 31, 2017. Respondents identified the most appealing aspects of radiology during medical school, identified experiences most influential in choosing radiology, and scored job satisfaction on visual analog scales...
March 20, 2018: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651311/the-importance-of-the-occupational-vocal-load-for-the-occurence-and-treatment-of-organic-voice-disorders
#14
Miha Zabret, Irena Hočevar Boltežar, Maja Šereg Bahar
Introduction: The voice represents a basic working tool for carrying out certain occupations. Hoarseness, as a consequence of vocal fold lesions, presents an important cause of work-related absences for voice professionals. Methods: Our study was designed as a retrospective cohort one. Data on gender, workplace, vocal load and exposure to risk factors for voice disorders of the patients who had surgery in the 2014-2015 period at the tertiary centre due to benign vocal fold lesions were collected from their clinical records...
March 2018: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648953/field-sanitation-in-u-s-agriculture-evidence-from-naws-and-future-data-needs
#15
Anita Alves Pena, Edward R Teather-Posadas
OBJECTIVES: We studied relationships between demographic and work-related characteristics and exposure to health-related risk associated with field sanitation within the population of U.S. farmworkers while critically examining adequacy of existing data toward understanding patterns. METHODS: We used statistical and econometric large-sample data methods to analyze correlations between observable variables and access to field sanitation as measured by responses to the nationally and regionally representative National Agricultural Workers Survey (NAWS)...
2018: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629042/depression-anxiety-and-perceived-social-support-among-adults-with-beta-thalassemia-major-cross-sectional-study
#16
Aghbabak Maheri, Roya Sadeghi, Davoud Shojaeizadeh, Azar Tol, Mehdi Yaseri, Alireza Rohban
Background: Considering the high prevalence of depression and anxiety among thalassemia patients and the role of social support in preventing mental disorders, this study aimed to determine prevalence of depression, anxiety, and perceived social support (PSS) among adults with beta-thalassemia major. Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed with 389 adults with beta-thalassemia major. Data were collected via a questionnaire consisting of three parts: demographic and medical information, the Persian version of the hospital anxiety and depression scale, and the Persian version of the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support...
March 2018: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628958/neonatal-intensive-care-nursing-curriculum-challenges-based-on-context-input-process-and-product-evaluation-model-a-qualitative-study
#17
Mansoureh Ashghali-Farahani, Fatemeh Ghaffari, Sara-Sadat Hoseini-Esfidarjani, Zahra Hadian, Robabeh Qomi, Helen Dargahi
Background: Weakness of curriculum development in nursing education results in lack of professional skills in graduates. This study was done on master's students in nursing to evaluate challenges of neonatal intensive care nursing curriculum based on context, input, process, and product (CIPP) evaluation model. Materials and Methods: This study was conducted with qualitative approach, which was completed according to the CIPP evaluation model. The study was conducted from May 2014 to April 2015...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628002/physical-employment-standard-for-canadian-wildland-fire-fighters-developing-and-validating-the-test-protocol
#18
Robert J Gumieniak, Norman Gledhill, Veronica K Jamnik
Developing the Canadian initial attack (IA) wildland fire fighter (WFF) physical employment standard (WFX-FIT) began in a previous investigation (Gumieniak et al. 2018) with a physical demands analysis in which hand and back carrying a 28.5 kg pump, back carrying a 25 kg hose pack and advancing charged hose were identified as the critical IA emergency tasks. In the present study, a circuit was created incorporating simulations of the critical tasks with faster completion times required for provinces with more arduous terrains...
April 9, 2018: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626049/impact-of-workplace-incivility-against-new-nurses-on-job-burn-out-a-cross-sectional-study-in-china
#19
Yu Shi, Hui Guo, Shue Zhang, Fengzhe Xie, Jinghui Wang, Zhinan Sun, Xinpeng Dong, Tao Sun, Lihua Fan
This study had three objectives: (1) to investigate the impact of workplace incivility on job burn-out of new nursing staff, (2) to verify the partial mediating role of anxiety in the relationship between workplace incivility and job burn-out, (3) to examine the resilience moderating the relations between workplace incivility and job burn-out. DESIGN: A cross-sectional online survey was conducted in May 2016 in China. SETTING: The survey was conducted in 54 cities across 29 provinces of China...
April 5, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624143/development-and-validation-of-health-service-management-competencies
#20
Zhanming Liang, Peter F Howard, Sandra Leggat, Timothy Bartram
Purpose The importance of managerial competencies in monitoring and improving the performance of organisational leaders and managers is well accepted. Different processes have been used to identify and develop competency frameworks or models for healthcare managers around the world to meet different contextual needs. The purpose of the paper is to introduce a validated process in management competency identification and development applied in Australia - a process leading to a management competency framework with associated behavioural items that can be used to measure core management competencies of health service managers...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Health Organization and Management
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