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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036870/development-and-validation-of-a-new-safety-climate-scale-for-petrochemical-industries
#1
Mohammad Javad Jafari, Davood Eskandari, Firouz Valipour, Yadollah Mehrabi, Hossein Charkhand, Mostafa Mirghotbi
BACKGROUND: While a considerable body of research has studied safety climate and its role as a leading indicator of organizational safety, much of this work has been conducted with Western manufacturing samples. OBJECTIVE: The current study puts emphasis on the cross-validation of a safety climate model in the non-Western industrial context of Iranian petrochemical industries. METHODS: The current study was performed in one petrochemical company in Iran...
October 8, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036868/a-modified-job-demand-control-support-model-for-active-duty-police
#2
Elisabeth Elgmark Andersson, Louise Bæk Larsen, Nerrolyn Ramstrand
BACKGROUND: The Job demand control support model (JDCS) is one of the most widely used theoretical models relating job characteristics to health and wellbeing. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the predictive power of the JDCS model for determining job satisfaction and fatigue in uniformed Swedish police. An additional aim was to determine if predictive power of the model would be improved with the addition of two occupation specific items. METHODS: Questionnaire data, based upon the Swedish Work Environment Survey were collected from Swedish police (n = 4244)...
October 8, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036864/employment-pathways-of-individuals-with%C3%A2-spinal-cord-injury-living-in%C3%A2-switzerland-a-qualitative-study
#3
Albert Marti, Reuben Escorpizo, Urban Schwegler, Stefan Staubli, Bruno Trezzini
BACKGROUND: Labour market participation (LMP) represents a key goal of rehabilitation for individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). To achieve this goal, Swiss SCI rehabilitation centres seek, together with their clients, viable follow-up solutions for returning to work after initial rehabilitation. However, the long-term outcomes of such vocational follow-up solutions have not been investigated so far, and there is a paucity of knowledge regarding the various types of employment pathways that persons with SCI living in Switzerland may experience...
October 9, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036860/prevalence-of-work-related-musculoskeletal-injuries-among-south-indian-hand-screen-printing-workers
#4
S Shankar, R Naveen Kumar, P Mohankumar, Srinivasan Jayaraman
BACKGROUND: Hand screen-printing (HSP) plays a predominant role in textile industries in developing countries. Workers from HSP industry were mostly affected by musculoskeletal injury due to monotonous, and prolonged work nature and poor workplace environment. OBJECTIVE: The present study aims to investigate the prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorder (MSD) symptoms and risk factors associated among the HSP industry workers. METHODS: Cochran's sample size for categorical data was used to select 385 HSP workers of 1000 samples from various provinces of Tamil Nadu, INDIA...
October 8, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036512/job-resignation-after-cancer-diagnosis-among-working-survivors-in-japan-timing-reasons-and-change-of-information-needs-over-time
#5
Miyako Takahashi, Miyako Tsuchiya, Yoshitsugu Horio, Hatsumi Funazaki, Kenjiro Aogi, Kazue Miyauchi, Yasuaki Arai
Objective: Despite advances in work-related policies for cancer survivors, support systems for working survivors in healthcare settings in Japan remain underdeveloped. We aimed to reveal (i) the present situation of cancer survivors' job resignation, the timing of resignation, and reasons for resignation; (ii) healthcare providers' screening behaviors of cancer survivors' work-related difficulties and (iii) changes to cancer survivors' information/support needs over time since diagnosis...
September 28, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035667/why-doctors-consider-leaving-uk-medicine-qualitative-analysis-of-comments-from-questionnaire-surveys-three-years-after-graduation
#6
Trevor W Lambert, Fay Smith, Michael J Goldacre
Objective To report the reasons why doctors are considering leaving medicine or the UK. Design Questionnaire survey. Setting UK. Participants Questionnaires were sent three years after graduation to all UK medical graduates of 2008 and 2012. Main outcome measures Comments from doctors about their main reasons for considering leaving medicine or the UK (or both). Results The response rate was 46.2% (5291/11,461). Among the 60% of respondents who were not definitely intent on remaining in UK medicine, 50% were considering working in medicine outside the UK and 10% were considering leaving medicine...
January 1, 2017: Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029169/a-family-affair-family-typologies-of-problems-and-midlife-well-being
#7
Karen L Fingerman, Meng Huo, Jamie L Graham, Kyungmin Kim, Kira S Birditt
Background and Objectives: Midlife adults are a "pivot" generation, responding to parents' and grown children's problems. Yet, some midlife adults may have families where multiple members suffer sorrows, whereas other midlife adults may have families with few problems. This study examined: (a) typologies of problems across generations and (b) associations between profiles of problems and midlife adults' well-being. Research Design and Methods: Midlife adults (N = 633) reported their own, each parent's (n = 868), and grown child's (n = 1,785) physical (e...
September 23, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028691/job-burnout-reduces-hand-hygiene-compliance-among-nursing-staff
#8
Georgios Manomenidis, Efharis Panagopoulou, Anthony Montgomery
OBJECTIVES: Health professional burnout has been associated with suboptimal care and reduced patient safety. However, the extent to which burnout influences hand hygiene compliance among health professionals has yet to be explored. The aim of the study was to examine whether job burnout reduces hand washing compliance among nursing staff. METHODS: A diary study was conducted. Forty registered nurses working in a general city hospital in Thessaloniki, Greece, completed a questionnaire, while they were monitored for hand hygiene compliance following the World Health Organization protocol for hand hygiene assessment...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028505/characterization-and-cysteine-sensing-performance-of-nanocomposites-based-on-up-conversion-excitation-host-and-rhodamine-derived-probes
#9
Zhao Yuqing, Xing Yi, Li Lihua, Ma Juanjuan
Optical sensing for cysteine (Cys) recognition is an interesting topic due to Cys biological participation. In this paper, two rhodamine-based chemosensors were designed for Cys optical sensing. For chemosensor photostability improvement, up-conversion nanocrystals were synthesized and used as excitation host. These nanocrystals were modified with a phase transfer reagent α-cyclodextrin (α-CD) to improve their compatibility with chemosensors. An efficient energy transfer from these nanocrystals to chemosensors under 980nm radiation was observed and confirmed by spectral match analysis, energy transfer radius calculation and emission decay lifetime comparison...
October 4, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026727/adverse-effects-of-prolonged-sitting-behavior-on-the-general-health-of-office-workers
#10
Hadi Daneshmandi, Alireza Choobineh, Haleh Ghaem, Mehran Karimi
BACKGROUND: Excessive sitting behavior is a risk factor for many adverse health outcomes. This study aimed to survey the prevalence of sitting behavior and its adverse effects among Iranian office workers. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 447 Iranian office workers. A two-part questionnaire was used as the data collection tool. The first part surveyed the demographic characteristics and general health of the respondents, while the second part contained the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire (NMQ) to assess symptoms...
July 2017: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026404/investigation-of-the-relationship-between-structural-empowerment-and-organizational-commitment-of-nurses-in-zanjan-hospitals
#11
Fereidoun Eskandari, Soheila Rabie Siahkali, Alireza Shoghli, Mehrnoosh Pazargadi, Mansoreh Zaghari Tafreshi
BACKGROUND: The demanding nature of nursing work environments signals longstanding and growing concerns about nurses' health and job satisfaction and the provision of quality care. Specifically in health care settings, nurse leaders play an essential role in creating supportive work environments to avert these negative trends and increase nurse job satisfaction. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between structural empowerment and organizational commitment of nurses...
March 2017: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022739/the-offender-job-search-self-efficacy-scale-development-and-initial-validation
#12
Femina P Varghese, Kendra M Anderson, Devon L Cummings, Erica Fitzgerald
The purpose of this study was to develop the Offender Job Search Self-Efficacy Scale (OFJSSE) for the specific job search needs of the criminal justice population. Participants were 249 male inmates within 2 years of release from a state correctional facility in the southern region of the United States who identified mostly as Caucasian (56.2%), single (62.2%), working-class (45.4%) men with a mean age of 36.27 years (SD = 10.38). Initial validation data are described, including results of an exploratory factor analysis...
October 12, 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020341/percutaneous-short-term-active-mechanical-support-devices-in-cardiogenic-shock-a-systematic-review-and-collaborative-meta-analysis-of-randomized-trials
#13
Holger Thiele, Alexander Jobs, Dagmar M Ouweneel, Jose P S Henriques, Melchior Seyfarth, Steffen Desch, Ingo Eitel, Janine Pöss, Georg Fuernau, Suzanne de Waha
Aims: Evidence on the impact on clinical outcome of active mechanical circulatory support (MCS) devices in cardiogenic shock (CS) is scarce. This collaborative meta-analysis of randomized trials thus aims to investigate the efficacy and safety of percutanzeous active MCS vs. control in CS. Methods and results: Randomized trials comparing percutaneous active MCS to control in patients with CS were identified through searches of medical literature databases. Risk ratios (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were calculated to analyse the primary endpoint of 30-day mortality and device-related complications including bleeding and leg ischaemia...
July 7, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019817/early-claim-modifiable-factors-associated-with-return-to-work-self-efficacy-among-workers-injured-at-work-are-there-differences-between-psychological-and-musculoskeletal-injuries
#14
Oliver Black, Malcolm R Sim, Alexander Collie, Peter Smith
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate modifiable early-injury factors which are associated with self-efficacy to return-to-work (RTW-SE) and explore whether these factors are different for people with psychological or upper-body musculoskeletal (UB-MSK) injuries. METHODS: The study used a sample of workers with a UB-MSK (N = 244) or psychological (N = 113) injury who were off work. Differences between injury types were investigated across variables related to: (1) communication with RTW stakeholders; and (2) components of the job itself...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019349/do-workers-health-surveillance-examinations-fulfill-their-occupational-preventive-objective-analysis-of-the-medical-practice-of-occupational-physicians-in-catalonia-spain
#15
Mari Cruz Rodríguez-Jareño, Emilia Molinero, Jaume de Montserrat, Antoni Vallès, Marta Aymerich
OBJECTIVES: Although routine workers' health examinations are extensively performed worldwide with important resource allocation, few studies have analyzed their quality. The objective of this study has been to analyze the medical practice of workers' health examinations in Catalonia (Spain) in terms of its occupational preventive aim. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out by means of an online survey addressed to occupational physicians who were members of the Catalan Society of Safety and Occupational Medicine...
October 6, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018867/changes-in-working-conditions-and-major-weight-gain-among-normal-and-overweight-midlife-employees
#16
Riikka Niskanen, Ansku Holstila, Ossi Rahkonen, Tea Lallukka
Objectives We aimed to examine the association between changes in psychosocial working conditions and major weight gain among midlife women and men. Furthermore, we examined the associations separately among normal- and overweight participants. Methods We used survey data among employees of the City of Helsinki, Finland, from 2000-2002 (phase 1, N=8960), 2007 (phase 2, N=7332), and 2012 (phase 3, N=6814), with a final study sample of 4369 participants. We examined changes in job strain, job demands, and job control from phase 1 to 2...
October 11, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018534/factors-related-to-work-and-life-satisfaction-of-veterinary-practitioners-in-germany
#17
Johanna C Kersebohm, Timo Lorenz, Anne Becher, Marcus G Doherr
OBJECTIVES: Veterinary practitioners' working situation is both challenging and changing. They have higher levels of work-related stress and suicide risk than the general population. The proportion of women is increasing, and in Germany especially women and employed veterinarians are reported to be less satisfied than comparable subgroups of the general population. In this study we identified key factors associated with work and life satisfaction among veterinary practitioners in Germany...
2017: Veterinary Record Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017558/stress-health-and-quality-of-life-of-female-migrant-domestic-workers-in-singapore-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
S G Anjara, L B Nellums, C Bonetto, T Van Bortel
BACKGROUND: There is a global increase in migrant workers. In Singapore, there are over 230,000 migrant domestic workers (MDWs). Female MDWs may experience high levels of stress and social isolation, which may negatively impact on their health and quality of life. There have also been documented cases of abuse and exploitation. However, there is a lack of empirical research with this population. This study aimed to investigate factors impacting on the health and quality of life of female MDWs in Singapore, including socio-demographic and job related characteristics, stress, social isolation, and working management style...
October 10, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017504/positive-experiences-of-a-vocational-rehabilitation-intervention-for-individuals-on-long-term-sick-leave-the-dirigo-project-a%C3%A2-qualitative-study
#19
Åsa Andersén, Christian Ståhl, Ingrid Anderzén, Per Kristiansson, Kjerstin Larsson
BACKGROUND: The process of returning to work after long-term sick leave can sometimes be complex. Many factors, (e.g. cooperation between different authorities and the individual as well as individual factors such as health, emotional well-being and self-efficacy) may have an impact on an individual's ability to work. The aim of this study was to investigate clients' experiences with an individually tailored vocational rehabilitation, the Dirigo project, and encounters with professionals working on it...
October 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016953/sleep-problems-among-chinese-clinical-nurses-working-in-general-hospitals
#20
H Dong, Q Zhang, Z Sun, F Sang, Y Xu
Background: Epidemiological data evaluating sleep problems in clinical nurses in mainland China are scarce and an association between sleep problems and occupational stress has not been investigated. Aims: To assess the prevalence of sleep problems and associated factors and determine their association with occupational stress among clinical nurses in general hospitals. Methods: Nurses were selected through random cluster sampling. They answered a self-administered questionnaire, which included sociodemographic and occupational variables, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) scoring system and the Job Content Questionnaire for evaluating occupational stress...
September 9, 2017: Occupational Medicine
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