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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805173/latent-traits-of-impulsivity-and-compulsivity-toward-dimensional-psychiatry
#1
S R Chamberlain, J Stochl, S A Redden, J E Grant
BACKGROUND: The concepts of impulsivity and compulsivity are commonly used in psychiatry. Little is known about whether different manifest measures of impulsivity and compulsivity (behavior, personality, and cognition) map onto underlying latent traits; and if so, their inter-relationship. METHODS: A total of 576 adults were recruited using media advertisements. Psychopathological, personality, and cognitive measures of impulsivity and compulsivity were completed...
August 14, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805073/do-you-know-what-your-kids-are-drinking-evaluation-of-a-media-campaign-to-reduce-consumption-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages
#2
Amy Bleakley, Amy Jordan, Giridhar Mallya, Michael Hennessy, Jessica Taylor Piotrowski
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates a citywide media campaign that targeted reducing sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption as a strategy for addressing obesity. DESIGN: Rolling cross-sectional survey data, collected before and during the media campaign, with 1367 parents to assess exposure to and effect of a televised public service advertisement (TV PSA) developed using a reasoned action approach. SETTING: Televised public service advertisement campaign created by the Philadelphia Department of Public Health and disseminated on cable television channels within the Philadelphia market...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803573/the-school-environment-and-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-among-guatemalan-adolescents
#3
Katelyn M Godin, Violeta Chacón, Joaquin Barnoya, Scott T Leatherdale
OBJECTIVE: The current study sought to examine Guatemalan adolescents' consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB), identify which individual-level characteristics are associated with SSB consumption and describe school characteristics that may influence students' SSB consumption. DESIGN: Within this observational pilot study, a questionnaire was used to assess students' consumption of three varieties of SSB (soft drinks, energy drinks, sweetened coffees/teas), as well as a variety of sociodemographic and behavioural characteristics...
August 14, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802453/the-effects-of-luminance-contrast-colour-combinations-font-and-search-time-on-brand-icon-legibility
#4
Ya-Hsien Ko
This study explored and identified the effects of luminance contrast, colour combinations, font, and search time on brand icon legibility. A total of 108 participants took part in the experiment. As designed, legibility was measured as a function of the following independent variables: four levels of luminance contrast, sixteen target/background colour combinations, two fonts, and three search times. The results showed that a luminance contrast of 18:1 provided readers with the best legibility. Yellow on black, yellow on blue, and white on blue were the three most legible colour combinations...
November 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798011/the-use-of-facebook-advertising-for-communicating-public-health-messages-a-campaign-against-drinking-during-pregnancy-in-new-zealand
#5
Mathew Parackal, Sherly Parackal, Shobhit Eusebius, Damien Mather
BACKGROUND: Social media is gaining recognition as a platform for delivering public health messages. One area attracting attention from public health researchers and professionals is Facebook's advertising channel. This channel is reported to have a broad reach and generate high user engagement with the disseminated campaign materials. However, to date, no study has examined the communication process via this channel which this study aimed to address. OBJECTIVE: The specific objectives of the study were to (1) examine user engagement for a public health campaign based on the metadata provided by Facebook, (2) analyze comments generated by the campaign materials using text mining, and (3) investigate the relationship between the themes identified in the comments and the message and the sentiments prevalent in the themes that exhibited significant relationships...
August 10, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794902/generic-distributed-framework-for-cloud-services-marketplace-based-on-unified-ontology
#6
Samer Hasan, V Valli Kumari
Cloud computing is a pattern for delivering ubiquitous and on demand computing resources based on pay-as-you-use financial model. Typically, cloud providers advertise cloud service descriptions in various formats on the Internet. On the other hand, cloud consumers use available search engines (Google and Yahoo) to explore cloud service descriptions and find the adequate service. Unfortunately, general purpose search engines are not designed to provide a small and complete set of results, which makes the process a big challenge...
November 2017: Journal of Advanced Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790086/ashp-policy-on-the-acceptance-of-advertising
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782062/exploratory-analysis-of-marketing-and-non-marketing-e-cigarette-themes-on-twitter
#8
Sifei Han, Ramakanth Kavuluru
Electronic cigarettes (e-cigs) have been gaining popularity and have emerged as a controversial tobacco product since their introduction in 2007 in the U.S. The smoke-free aspect of e-cigs renders them less harmful than conventional cigarettes and is one of the main reasons for their use by people who plan to quit smoking. The US food and drug administration (FDA) has introduced new regulations early May 2016 that went into effect on August 8, 2016. Given this important context, in this paper, we report results of a project to identify current themes in e-cig tweets in terms of semantic interpretations of topics generated with topic modeling...
November 2016: Soc Inform (2016)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781992/perceived-flavored-smokeless-tobacco-ease-of-use-and-youth-susceptibility
#9
Benjamin W Chaffee, Janelle Urata, Elizabeth T Couch, Stuart A Gansky
OBJECTIVES: Beliefs that flavored smokeless tobacco (ST) is more pleasant, less potent, or otherwise easier to use could contribute to youth initiation. We evaluated associations between perceived ease-of-use of flavored ST (moist snuff and chewing tobacco) and ST initiation susceptibility in a representative sample of US youth. METHODS: Among 7,718 tobacco never-users in the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health study (age: 12-17; collected: 2013-2014), we compared 4 ST susceptibility items (curiosity, expectation, willingness to try, and a composite) according to whether participants reported flavored ST to be "easier to use" than unflavored ST...
July 2017: Tobacco Regulatory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777682/assessing-the-association-between-e-cigarette-use-and-exposure-to-social-media-in-college-students-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Michael D Sawdey, Linda Hancock, Marcus Messner, Elizabeth C Prom-Wormley
BACKGROUND: Social media platforms provide an indirect medium for encouraging e-cigarette use between individuals and also serve as a direct marketing tool from e-cigarette brands to potential users. E-cigarette users share information via social media that often contains product details or health-related claims. OBJECTIVE: Determine whether e-cigarette use is associated with exposure to e-cigarettes on social media in college students. METHODS: Data from a sample of 258 college students was obtained via a clicker-response questionnaire (90% response rate)...
August 4, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777202/nitrite-inhalant-use-and-hiv-infection-among-chinese-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-2-large-cities-in-china
#11
Xiaofang Wang, Yanqi Li, Zunyou Wu, Zhenzhu Tang, Kathleen H Reilly, Quanxing Nong
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to examine the role that nitrite inhalants play in HIV infection and risky sex behaviors among Chinese men who have sex with men (MSM). METHODS: The study consisted of a baseline and a follow-up survey conducted in Beijing and Nanning, China. The baseline study recruited participants through online advertisements and peer referral to complete a questionnaire interview, oral rapid HIV test, and blood HIV and syphilis tests. The follow-up included a questionnaire interview, and optional oral and/or blood HIV testing...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770180/the-association-between-food-group-consumption-patterns-and-early-metabolic-syndrome-risk-in-non-diabetic-healthy-people
#12
Rimkyo Yeo, So Ra Yoon, Oh Yoen Kim
We investigated the association between dietary habits/food group consumption patterns and early risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS), a main cause for metabolic disease. Study participants were recruited from the health promotion center in Dong-A University Hospital and public advertisement. Study subjects (n = 243, 21-80 years) were categorized into three groups: Super-healthy (MetS risk factor [MetS RF] = 0, n = 111), MetS-risk carriers (MetS RF = 1-2, n = 96), and MetS (MetS RF ≥ 3, n = 27). Higher regularity in dietary habits (breakfast-everyday, regular eating time, non-frequent overeating, and non-frequent eating-out) was observed in the Super-healthy group than in the MetS-risk carriers, and particularly in the MetS subjects...
July 2017: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769692/the-advertisement-call-and-comments-on-the-distribution-of-eleutherodactylus-bilineatus-bokermann-1975-an-endemic-frog-of-bahia-state-brazil-amphibia-anura
#13
Iuri Ribeiro Dias, Caio Vinicius de Mira-Mendes, Carlos Augusto Souza-Costa, Flora Acuña Juncá, Mirco Solé
Advertisement calls can be used to aid solving taxonomic problems and understanding the evolution of certain groups. In this study, the advertisement call of Eleutherodactylus bilineatus is described. It is composed by two different notes with a total duration of 0.529-4.241 seconds and dominant frequency of 1.72-3.45 kHz. Additionally, new data is provided on the geographical distribution of Eleutherodactylus bilineatus and the most inland record for this species.
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768494/socio-cognitive-correlates-of-intention-to-use-toombak-a-cross-sectional-study-among-students-13-16%C3%A2-years-in-khartoum-state-sudan
#14
Hatim Mohammed Almahdi, Rouf Wahab Ali, Elwalid Fadul Nasir, Anne Nordrehaug Åstrøm
BACKGROUND: Toombak is a form of smokeless tobacco, locally made and consumed in Sudan. It is associated with a number of health hazards, particularly oral cancer. This study was set out to assess the prevalence and socio-demographic distribution of its use, and to explore the socio-cognitive factors affecting the intention to use Toombak among secondary school students in Khartoum State, Sudan. METHODS: A cross-sectional school-based study was conducted in 2013-2014 where schools were randomly selected using a one-stage stratified sampling procedure...
August 2, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767988/quality-of-diet-plans-for-weight-loss-featured-in-women-s-magazines-a-cross-sectional-descriptive-study
#15
Maiara Martinighi, Edina Mariko Koga da Silva
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Brazil has the fifth largest population of obese individuals in the world. Women's magazines publish a large number of diet plans, and therefore the objective of this study was to assess the quality of these plans. DESIGN: Cross-sectional descriptive study. METHODS: We included the Brazilian women's magazines of highest circulation published between January and June 2014 that advertised diets for weight loss on their covers...
July 31, 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767272/user-statistics-for-an-online-health-game-targeted-at-children
#16
Eva E Alblas, Frans Folkvord, Doeschka J Anschütz, Paul E Ketelaar, Isabela Granic, Fréderike Mensink, Moniek Buijzen, Jonathan P van 't Riet
OBJECTIVE: Given that many households in western countries nowadays have home access to the Internet, developing health-promoting online interventions has the potential to reach large audiences. Studies assessing usage data of online health interventions are important and relevant but, as of yet, scarce. The present study reviewed usage data from Monkey Do, an existing online health game developed specifically for children from 4 to 8 years old. In addition, the effect of advertising on usage was examined...
August 2, 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765862/developing-an-alternative-alcohol-advertising-complaint-review-system-lessons-from-a-world-first-public-health-advocacy-initiative
#17
Hannah L Pierce, Julia M Stafford, Mike Daube
Young people in Australia are frequently exposed to alcohol marketing. Leading health organisations recommend legislative controls on alcohol advertising as part of a comprehensive approach to reduce alcohol-related harm. However, Australia relies largely on industry self-regulation. This paper describes the development and implementation of the Alcohol Advertising Review Board (AARB), a world-first public health advocacy initiative that encourages independent regulation of alcohol advertising. The AARB reviews complaints about alcohol advertising, and uses strategies such as media advocacy, community engagement and communicating with policy makers to highlight the need for effective regulation...
July 26, 2017: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765857/why-the-public-health-sector-couldn-t-create-pok%C3%A3-mon-go
#18
Becky Freeman, Josephine Chau, Seema Mihrshahi
Pokémon Go has been subject to much attention - from both the players that download the augmented reality game and the news media. Amid the exaggerated media reports, Pokémon Go may have unintended health benefits. Players have reported walking more, spending more time with family, experiencing improvements in their mental health and feeling more connected to their communities. It is hard to imagine public health researchers developing a similar game that is fun, taps into pop culture, reaches a wide target audience, makes use of physical and virtual environments, creates a sense of both competition and community, and has spin-off health benefits...
July 26, 2017: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764829/advertising-index
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2017: Neonatal Network: NN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763431/e-media-use-and-preferences-for-physical-activity-and-public-health-information-results-of-a-web-based-survey
#20
Danielle E Jake-Schoffman, Sara Wilcox, Andrew T Kaczynski, Gabrielle Turner-McGrievy, Daniela B Friedman, Delia S West
CONTEXT: As social media (eg, Twitter) continues to gain widespread popularity, health research and practice organizations may consider combining it with other electronic media (e-media) channels (eg, Web sites, e-newsletters) within their communication plans. However, little is known about added benefits of using social media when trying to reach public health audiences about physical activity. OBJECTIVE: Learn about current use and preference for e-media communication channels among physical activity researchers and practitioners...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
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