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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786501/strategies-to-increase-filipino-american-participation-in-cardiovascular-health-promotion-a-systematic-review
#1
Jermy-Leigh B Domingo, Gretchenjan Gavero, Kathryn L Braun
INTRODUCTION: Cultural tailoring of interventions can be effective in reducing health disparities by attracting underserved populations to health promotion programs and improving their outcomes. The purpose of this systematic review was to assess what is known about increasing access to and participation in cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention and control programs among Filipino Americans. METHODS: PubMed MEDLINE, CINAHL, and Sociologic Abstracts were searched for peer-reviewed studies and dissertations conducted in the United States from 2004 through 2016...
May 17, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785347/a-new-species-of-pseudopaludicola-anura-leiuperinae-from-esp%C3%A3-rito-santo-brazil
#2
Dario E Cardozo, Diego Baldo, Nadya Pupin, João Luiz Gasparini, Célio F Baptista Haddad
We describe a new anuran species of the genus Pseudopaludicola that inhabits sandy areas in resting as associated to the Atlantic Forest biome in the state of Espírito Santo, Brazil. The new species is characterized by: SVL 11.7-14.6 mm in males, 14.0-16.7 mm in females; body slender; fingertips knobbed, with a central groove; hindlimbs short; abdominal fold complete; arytenoid cartilages wide; prepollex with base and two segments; prehallux with base and one segment; frontoparietal fontanelle partially exposed; advertisement call with one note composed of two isolated pulses per call; call dominant frequency ranging 4,380-4,884 Hz; diploid chromosome number 22; and Ag-NORs on 8q subterminal...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784030/survey-of-professional-views-on-sharing-interim-results-by-the-data-safety-monitoring-board-dsmb-what-to-share-with-whom-and-why
#3
Victoria Borg Debono, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, James Paul, Norman Buckley, Lehana Thabane
BACKGROUND: Sharing interim results by the Data Safety Monitoring Board (DSMB) with non-DSMB members is an issue that can affect trial integrity. It is unclear what should be shared. This study assesses the views of professionals to understand what interim information should be shared at interim, with whom and why. METHODS: Conducted an online survey of members of the Society of Clinical Trials (SCT) and International Society of Clinical Biostatistics (ISCB) in 2015 asking their professional views on sharing interim results...
May 21, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782296/sexual-behaviors-attitudes-and-knowledge-about-sexually-transmitted-infections-a-cross-sectional-study-in-romania
#4
Alecsandra Iulia Grad, Simona Corina Senilă, Rodica Cosgarea, Alexandru Dumitru Tataru, Stefan Cristian Vesa, Mihaela Laura Vica, Horea Vladi Matei, Loredana Ungureanu
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are serious public health problems. Little is known about sex knowledge, attitudes, and sexual behaviors among young adults in Romania; an effective preventive campaigns should be based on an appropriate understanding of these factors. The aim of the present study was to obtain data about sexual behavior, attitudes, and knowledge about STIs among university students aged 18-25 in Romania. 3872 persons completed an internet-based questionnaire, advertised on Facebook, regarding sexual behavior, attitudes, and knowledge about STIs from January 28 to February 28, 2016...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781869/utilizing-facebook-and-automated-telephone-calls-to-increase-adoption-of-a-local-smoke-alarm-installation-program
#5
Shannon Frattaroli, Eric Schulman, Eileen M McDonald, Elise C Omaki, Wendy C Shields, Vanya Jones, William Brewer
CONTEXT: Innovative strategies are needed to improve the prevalence of working smoke alarms in homes. To our knowledge, this is the first study to report on the effectiveness of Facebook advertising and automated telephone calls as population-level strategies to encourage an injury prevention behavior. OBJECTIVE: We examine the effectiveness of Facebook advertising and automated telephone calls as strategies to enroll individuals in Baltimore City's Fire Department's free smoke alarm installation program...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781557/supplier-induced-demand-for-urgent-after-hours-primary-care-services
#6
Thomas Longden, Jane Hall, Kees van Gool
Australia is one of nine Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries that utilise deputising services to provide after-hours primary care. While the provision of this service is supposed to be on behalf of regular general practitioners, businesses have adapted to the financial incentives on offer and are directly advertising their services to consumers emphasising patient convenience and no copayments. The introduction of corporate entities has changed the way that deputising services operate...
May 21, 2018: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781335/-if-i-can-afford-steak-why-worry-about-buying-beans-african-american-men-s-perceptions-of-their-food-environment
#7
Ledric D Sherman, Derek M Griffith
Due to the high level of food-related chronic diseases for African American men, the purpose of this qualitative study was to induce ( n = 83) urban American men's perspective of their food environment considering different ethnic subgroups, built environment, and the temporal context using a phenomenological method and snowball sampling. Focus group interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed, and entered into ATLAS.ti to aid in establishing themes. African American men perceived that fast-food chains are their food choices and that they do not have any other healthy alternatives near their residential community...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780892/understanding-barriers-to-the-introduction-of-precision-medicines-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-qualitative-interview-protocol
#8
Stuart Wright, Gavin Daker-White, William Newman, Katherine Payne
Background: While precision medicines targeting genetic mutations and alterations in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) have been available since 2010, their adoption into clinical practice has been slow. Evidence suggests that a number of barriers, such as insufficient clinician knowledge, a need for training of test providers, or a lack of specific clinical guidelines, may slow the implementation of precision in general. However, little attention has been given to the barriers to providing precision medicines in NSCLC...
2018: Wellcome Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780765/alcohol-brand-use-of-youth-appealing-advertising-and-consumption-by-youth-and-adults
#9
Alisa A Padon, Rajiv N Rimal, Michael Siegel, William DeJong, Timothy S Naimi, David H JernFigan
Background: Youth exposure to alcohol marketing has been shown to be an important contributor to the problem of underage drinking in the U.S. More work is needed on identifying and minimizing content with particular appeal to youth. Design and Methods: We tested the association between the youth-appeal of marketing content of televised alcohol advertisements and the brand-specific alcohol consumption of both underage youth and adults. We used existing data from three sources: a brand-specific alcohol consumption survey among underage youth ( N =1032), a brand-specific alcohol consumption survey among adults ( N ~13,000), and an analysis of content appealing to youth (CAY) in a sample of televised alcohol advertisements ( n =96) aired during the youth survey...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780336/brain-training-in-children-and-adolescents-is-it-scientifically-valid
#10
REVIEW
Teresa Rossignoli-Palomeque, Elena Perez-Hernandez, Javier González-Marqués
Background: Brain training products are becoming increasingly popular for children and adolescents. Despite the marketing aimed at their use in the general population, these products may provide more benefits for specific neurologically impaired populations. A review of Brain Training (BT) products analyzing their efficacy while considering the methodological limitations of supporting research is required for practical applications. Method: searches were made of the PubMed database (until March 2017) for studies including: (1) empirical data on the use of brain training for children or adolescents and any effects on near transfer (NT) and/or far transfer (FT) and/or neuroplasticity, (2) use of brain training for cognitive training purposes, (3) commercially available training applications, (4) computer-based programs for children developed since the 1990s, and (5) relevant printed and peer-reviewed material...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779761/planting-the-seed-for-marijuana-use-changes-in-exposure-to-medical-marijuana-advertising-and-subsequent-adolescent-marijuana-use-cognitions-and-consequences-over-seven-years
#11
Elizabeth J D'Amico, Anthony Rodriguez, Joan S Tucker, Eric R Pedersen, Regina A Shih
BACKGROUND: Marijuana use during adolescence is associated with neurocognitive deficits and poorer functioning across several domains. It is likely that more states will pass both medical and recreational marijuana legalization laws in the coming elections; therefore, we must begin to look more closely at the longitudinal effects of medical marijuana (MM) advertising on marijuana use among adolescents so that we can better understand effects that this advertising may have on their subsequent marijuana use and related outcomes...
May 10, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776786/increases-in-sugary-drink-marketing-during-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-benefit-issuance-in-new-york
#12
Alyssa J Moran, Aviva Musicus, Mary T Gorski Findling, Ian F Brissette, Ann A Lowenfels, S V Subramanian, Christina A Roberto
INTRODUCTION: The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) is the largest federal food assistance program, providing $67 billion in benefits to 44 million Americans. Some states distribute SNAP benefits over one or a few days each month, which may create an incentive for retailers to heavily promote top-selling products, like sugar-sweetened beverages, when benefits are disbursed. METHODS: A beverage environment scan assessing presence of displays, advertisements, and price promotions for sugar-sweetened, low-calorie, and unsweetened beverages was administered in a census of SNAP-authorized beverage retailers (n=630) in three cities in New York from November to September 2011...
May 15, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773965/funds-allocation-in-npos-the-role-of-administrative-cost-ratios
#13
Christian Burkart, Tina Wakolbinger, Fuminori Toyasaki
Performance measurement of Non-Profit Organizations (NPOs) is of increasing importance for aid agencies, policy-makers and donors. A widely used benchmark for measuring the efficiency of NPOs is the overhead cost ratio, consisting of the total money spent on administration and fundraising relative to the budget. Donors generally favor a lower overhead cost ratio as it ensures that more money directly reaches beneficiaries. Unlike fundraising expenses, administrative costs do not contribute to advertising the actions of an NPO even though they account for a significant proportion of overhead cost...
2018: Central European Journal of Operations Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772488/minnesota-impulse-disorders-interview-midi-validation-of-a-structured-diagnostic-clinical-interview-for-impulse-control-disorders-in-an-enriched-community-sample
#14
Samuel R Chamberlain, Jon E Grant
BACKGROUND: Disorders of impulsivity are common, functionally impairing, and highly relevant across different clinical and research settings. Few structured clinical interviews for the identification and diagnosis of impulse control disorders exist, and none have been validated in a community sample in terms of psychometric properties. METHODS: The Minnesota Impulse control disorders Interview (MIDI v2.0) was administered to an enriched sample of 293 non-treatment seeking adults aged 18-35 years, recruited using media advertisements in two large US cities...
May 8, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767461/sex-differences-but-no-evidence-of-quantitative-honesty-in-the-warning-signals-of-six-spot-burnet-moths-zygaena-filipendulae-l
#15
Emmanuelle Sophie Briolat, Mika Zagrobelny, Carl Erik Olsen, Jonathan D Blount, Martin Stevens
The distinctive black and red wing pattern of six-spot burnet moths (Zygaena filipendulae, L.) is a classic example of aposematism, advertising their potent cyanide-based defences. While such warning signals provide a qualitatively honest signal of unprofitability, the evidence for quantitative honesty, whereby variation in visual traits could provide accurate estimates of individual toxicity, is more equivocal. Combining measures of cyanogenic glucoside content and wing colour from the perspective of avian predators, we investigate the relationship between coloration and defences in Z...
May 16, 2018: Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764983/is-there-a-nocebo-response-that-results-from-disease-awareness-campaigns-and-advertising-in-australia-and-can-this-effect-be-mitigated
#16
Stuart Benson, David Hunter
Direct-to-consumer advertising is banned in Australia, and instead pharmaceutical companies use disease awareness campaigns as a strategy to raise public awareness of conditions for which the company produces a treatment. This practice has been justified by promoting individual autonomy and public health, but it has attracted criticism regarding medicalisation of normal health and ageing, and exaggeration of the severity of the condition in question, imbalanced reporting of risks and benefits, and damaging the patient-clinician relationship...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764633/national-preceptor-development-program-pdp-prototype-the-third-of-a-3-part-series
#17
Craig D Cox, Katrina Mulherin, Sheila Walter
INTRODUCTION: Preceptor development is critical to successful delivery of experiential learning. Although many preceptor development programs exist, a more individualized approach to training is needed. To accomplish this a national preceptor development program should be considered based on the continuing professional development model. A detailed prototype for this program has been described. METHODS: In this final installment of the series, the twelve evidence-based recommendations from the first installment were utilized to construct a prototype for a preceptor development program...
March 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764426/outcome-of-capacity-building-intervention-for-malaria-vector-surveillance-control-and-research-in-nigerian-higher-institutions
#18
Adedayo O Oduola, Abiodun Obembe, Olukayode J Adelaja, Adeniyi K Adeneye, Joel Akilah, Taiwo S Awolola
BACKGROUND: Despite the availability of effective malaria vector control intervention tools, implementation of control programmes in Nigeria is challenged by inadequate entomological surveillance data. This study was designed to assess and build the existing capacity for malaria vector surveillance, control and research (MVSC&R) in Nigerian institutions. METHODS: Application call to select qualified candidates for the capacity building (CB) intervention training programme was advertised in a widely read newspaper and online platforms of national and international professional bodies...
May 15, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764278/eating-well-living-well-and-weight-management-a-co-produced-semi-qualitative-study-of-barriers-and-facilitators-experienced-by-adults-with-intellectual-disabilities
#19
A J Doherty, S P Jones, U Chauhan, Jme Gibson
Adults with intellectual disabilities in England experience health inequalities. They are more likely than their non-disabled peers to be obese and at risk of serious medical conditions such as heart disease, stroke and type 2 diabetes. This semi-qualitative study engaged adults with intellectual disabilities in a co-production process to explore their perceived barriers and facilitators to eating well, living well and weight management. Nineteen participants with intellectual disabilities took part in four focus groups and one wider group discussion...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762517/the-potential-cost-effectiveness-and-equity-impacts-of-restricting-television-advertising-of-unhealthy-food-and-beverages-to-australian-children
#20
Vicki Brown, Jaithri Ananthapavan, Lennert Veerman, Gary Sacks, Anita Lal, Anna Peeters, Kathryn Backholer, Marjory Moodie
Television (TV) advertising of food and beverages high in fat, sugar and salt (HFSS) influences food preferences and consumption. Children from lower socioeconomic position (SEP) have higher exposure to TV advertising due to more time spent watching TV. This paper sought to estimate the cost-effectiveness of legislation to restrict HFSS TV advertising until 9:30 pm, and to examine how health benefits and healthcare cost-savings differ by SEP. Cost-effectiveness modelling was undertaken (i) at the population level, and (ii) by area-level SEP...
May 15, 2018: Nutrients
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